CN217580790U - Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body - Google Patents

Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217580790U
CN217580790U CN202220748719.3U CN202220748719U CN217580790U CN 217580790 U CN217580790 U CN 217580790U CN 202220748719 U CN202220748719 U CN 202220748719U CN 217580790 U CN217580790 U CN 217580790U
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China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated
building blocks
pipeline connecting
building block
type
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202220748719.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王力盛
谢凤军
刘鑫
任桂华
谷子鉴
刘雪霖
胡志博
刘原
张庆海
李俏
丛艳晶
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Heilongjiang Jiujian Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Heilongjiang Jiujian Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202220748719.3U priority Critical patent/CN217580790U/en
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Publication of CN217580790U publication Critical patent/CN217580790U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body relates to a wall body structure with an electric box and a pipeline embedded in building blocks. The combined wall body is composed of prefabricated electric box building blocks, I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks, II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks and common building blocks; the flame-retardant hoses on the prefabricated electric box building blocks 1, the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks or the II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks of the combined wall body are respectively aligned with the port positions of the reserved sleeves, and the tail ends of the flame-retardant hoses are inserted into the reserved sleeves and are connected with the flame-retardant hoses in the building blocks end to end, so that a line pipeline which is embedded in the combined wall body and connected with the electric box is formed. The problem of the wall that the spool of current electronic box prefabricated building block exposes outside, the later stage buries the spool underground and needs cement mortar secondary shutoff, causes with high costs, the working period is long, produce and plaster the fracture phenomenon to influence building structure stability is solved.

Description

Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction technical field, concretely relates to with the pre-buried wall structure in the building block of electricity box and pipeline.
Background
Along with the development of urban buildings, the requirements of people in daily life are met, and the multifunctional electric box is applied more and more. Such as: the hospital relates to multifunctional rooms such as a multifunctional room observing ward, an X-ray room and an operating room, a B-ultrasonic/electrocardio room and the like, and multifunctional rooms of schools, which are different from other rooms, and the lines of the multifunctional rooms are complex. If the multifunctional room is constructed by adopting a traditional method, holes and wire slots need to be cut, the cut hole is about 50mm larger than the designed size of the electric box, the installation of the electric box in the later period is facilitated, after the electric box is installed, gaps around the electric box need to be plugged by cement mortar, and the wire slots need to be plugged by the cement mortar after being cut. However, the requirement for the wire chase in the multifunctional room is high, so that the traditional construction method cannot meet the requirement for the situation that the wire chase in the multifunctional room is too many and complicated. Meanwhile, the construction method has high later repair cost and long construction period, and can generate the plastering cracking phenomenon caused by different shrinkage rates among different materials, and the stability of the building structure can be influenced by opening holes and grooving in large areas.
The prefabricated indoor electric box prefabricated block disclosed in the Chinese patent document CN209163471U and the CN213268556U disclose an electric box prefabricated block for brickwork installation, and the electric box prefabricated block in the patent technology can directly match and build the electric box prefabricated block with common blocks, so that the problems of later-stage grooving hole patching, material waste, hollowing cracking risk and the like in the traditional electric box construction are solved.
The spool of the prefabricated building block of electronic box of prior art and above-mentioned patent connects out the outside of the wall that exposes behind the electronic box, buries the spool underground in later stage, still need carry out wall tangent groove, bury the spool, cement mortar secondary shutoff construction, can cause the repair with high costs, the period is long, produce the fracture phenomenon of plastering to influence building structure stability's problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a trompil building block combination wall is exempted from to prefabricated wall, it has solved the outside of the wall that the spool of current electronic box prefabricated building block exposes, and the later stage is buried the spool underground and needs cement mortar secondary shutoff, causes with high costs, the period is long, produces the fracture phenomenon of plastering to influence building structure stability's problem.
In order to solve the above problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the prefabricated wall surface hole-free building block combined wall body is composed of prefabricated electric box building blocks 1, I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks 2, II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks 3 and common building blocks; an electric box 4 is embedded in the prefabricated electric box building block 1, the electric box 4 is connected with a flame-retardant hose 5, and the end part of the flame-retardant hose 5 extends out of the side surface of the prefabricated electric box building block 1; the flame-retardant hose 5 and the reserved sleeve 6 are pre-embedded in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting block 2, the flame-retardant hose 5 and the reserved sleeve 6 are in butt joint in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting block 2, the port of the reserved sleeve 6 is located on one small-area side face of the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting block 2, and the tail end of the flame-retardant hose 5 extends out of the side face opposite to the small-area side face; the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 and the type I prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2 have the same structure, and the difference is that the port of a reserved sleeve 6 in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 is positioned on one large-area side surface of the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3, and the tail end of a flame-retardant hose 5 in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 extends out of the side surface opposite to the flame-retardant hose; prefabricated electric box building block 1 is adjacent with prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of I type or prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of II type in the composite wall body, prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of I type is adjacent with prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of II type, and the fire-retardant hose 5 on prefabricated electric box building block 1, prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of I type or the prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of II type is adjusted well with reserved sleeve 6 port position respectively, the end of fire-retardant hose 5 is inserted in reserved sleeve 6 and is linked up end to end with the fire-retardant hose 5 in the building block, and then form the pre-buried circuit pipeline of connecting electric box 4 in composite wall body.
The utility model discloses a method that prefabricated finished product electricity box building block, prefabricated pipeline connection building block and ordinary brickwork were under construction simultaneously has overcome the complicated condition of electricity groove spool simultaneously, has avoided the secondary shutoff, has still strengthened the inseparable degree that electricity box and brickwork wall combine simultaneously effectively, satisfies the designing requirement, has gained better economic benefits and social. The utility model is suitable for a multi-functional room circuit is intensive, the complicated wall body of arranging, and through the integration of prefabricated electric box block, the maximize improves construction quality and standardizes standardizedly, reduces time limit for a project and construction cost. The prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block construction technology is used for effectively enhancing the tight combination of the electric box and the masonry wall, and good economic and social benefits are obtained.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the building block combined wall of the utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a prefabricated electrical box block construction;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a type I prefabricated pipeline connecting block;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a type II prefabricated pipeline connecting block;
fig. 5 is a reference diagram of the usage state of the present invention.
The symbols in the drawings illustrate that: the electric box comprises prefabricated electric box building blocks 1, I type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks 2, II type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks 3, an electric box 4, a flame-retardant hose 5 and a reserved sleeve 6.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body is composed of a prefabricated electric box building block 1, an I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2, an II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 and a common building block; an electric box 4 is pre-buried in the prefabricated electric box building block 1, the electric box 4 is connected with a flame-retardant hose 5, and the end part of the flame-retardant hose 5 extends out of the side surface of the prefabricated electric box building block 1; a flame-retardant hose 5 and a reserved sleeve 6 are pre-embedded in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2, and the flame-retardant hose 5 and the reserved sleeve 6 are butted in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2; the port of the reserved sleeve 6 is positioned on one side surface of the I-shaped prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2 with small area, and the tail end of the flame-retardant hose 5 extends out of the side surface opposite to the end; the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 and the type I prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 2 are identical in structure, a port of a reserved sleeve 6 in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 is located on one large-area side face of the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3, and the tail end of a flame-retardant hose 5 in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block 3 extends out of the side face opposite to the flame-retardant hose; prefabricated electric box building block 1 is adjacent with prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of type I or prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of type II in the composite wall body, prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of type I is adjacent with prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of type II, and prefabricated electric box building block 1, fire-retardant hose 5 on prefabricated pipe connection building block 2 of type I or the prefabricated pipe connection building block 3 of type II aligns with the port position of reserved sleeve pipe 6 respectively, the end of fire-retardant hose 5 is inserted in reserved sleeve pipe 6 and is linked up with another fire-retardant hose 5 end to end, and then form the pre-buried circuit pipeline of connecting electric box 4 in composite wall body.
Manufacturing a prefabricated building block:
prefabricated electricity box standard modulus building block, the model is changeable, adopts the wooden mould to do the internal stay as template, haydite building block during the preparation, guarantees that the size of prefabricated electricity box brickwork conforms with the haydite brickwork. The prefabricated electric box building blocks are poured by adopting a plurality of rows of templates, so that the time can be saved, and the size of the prefabricated building blocks is strictly controlled. According to the design requirements of drawings, the specification of the building block can be divided into 190 × 390, 190 × 290 × 390 and 90 × 190 × 390; the manufacturing method of the prefabricated pipeline connecting building block is the same as that of the prefabricated electric box building block.
After the template is manufactured according to the size of the building block, the electric box, the flame-retardant hose and the reserved sleeve are installed, the pipe diameter of the flame-retardant hose is determined according to the specification of the multifunctional circuit, the hose is fixed according to the size and the position, and the hose is reinforced by transparent glue and steel nails.
The prefabricated electric box building block concrete adopts C25 fine stone concrete and adopts an inserted vibrator, the building block needs to be quickly inserted and slowly pulled out during pouring and tamping, and the insertion points are uniform and move point by point. Fully vibrating and compacting until the concrete stops sinking and no bubbles are generated, the surface is flat and is full of slurry, when the upper layer concrete is vibrated, a vibrating rod is inserted into the lower layer concrete for 5-10 cm, and the vibrating time is controlled to be 15-30 seconds at each vibrating point.
And (3) maintenance: and (3) starting curing within 12 hours after the concrete is tamped, watering for curing, wherein the watering frequency is used for keeping the concrete surface to be constantly wet, the age is not less than 28 days, and the form can be detached after the curing condition is reached.
The specification, the model and the reserved position of the embedded line pipe are kept the same as the design requirements of the drawing. And (3) checking the arrangement sequence of the electric box position, the wire pipe position and the embedded pipe before prefabricating and pouring, and well closing the transparent adhesive holes and reinforcing the steel nails. The flame-retardant hose with the same design requirement is pre-thrown on the prefabricated electric box building block, a flame-retardant pipe which is 1.2-1.5 times larger than the pipe diameter of the flame-retardant hose is pre-embedded at the lower part of the prefabricated electric box to serve as a reserved sleeve, and concrete is poured after the pre-embedded pipes with different diameters in the prefabricated electric box building block are hermetically connected through adhesive tapes. During construction, the flame-retardant hose between the upper prefabricated electric box building blocks and the lower prefabricated electric box building blocks are completely occluded with the flame-retardant sleeve, so that internal pipelines are completely connected to form an integral pipeline.
The installation secondary structure of the prefabricated electric box building blocks is the same in masonry, the processes of hanging wires, building, jointing, plastering and the like are synchronously carried out with common building blocks, and the prefabricated electric box building blocks are installed at the positions where wire boxes and wire pipes are arranged in the drawing, so that the prefabricated electric box building blocks and a masonry wall body can be perfectly combined, and the masonry wall body with the prefabricated electric box on one surface is formed.
The wall construction process comprises the following steps:
1. and (3) measurement and paying-off: in addition to general construction process paying-off (position lines of partition walls and door openings) construction, the brickwork paying-off also needs to pop up 1 meter of equal-height control lines, horizontal center position lines of the electric boxes, horizontal side lines of the electric boxes and the like in wall construction, so that brickwork construction is facilitated. Before building, the axis and the side line of the wall, including the position of the door and window opening, of the building are set out.
2. As shown in fig. 5, the common building blocks and the prefabricated electric box building blocks are built synchronously, and the bricks are arranged by using the BIM technology.
3. Masonry works are constructed strictly according to design, specifications and drawings.
4. Cleaning mortar and sundries on the surface of a floor slab before masonry; removing the condensed mortar on the high laying bottom surface of the building floor, cleaning and watering to moisten.
5. Arranging and arranging bricks according to the actual size, the width of the vertical mortar joint of the building block specification, the thickness of the horizontal mortar joint and the like before the brickwork.
6. And correcting the position of the electric box and the butt joint of the pipelines, correcting the position of the building block after the building of the brick according to the building engineering acceptance standard, and correcting the position of the electric box according to the design position of the drawing. And (4) butting the prefabricated electric box building block wire holes to ensure that the wire pipes at the upper opening and the lower opening of the prefabricated electric box building block wire holes are completely occluded.
7. When the masonry wall is constructed from corners or positioning positions, the mortar laying length is controlled within 0.5m, mortar joints are horizontally and vertically leveled, mortar is full, and good adhesion force is required among the blocks. And straightening a pull-through wire in the brickwork process, and correcting the perpendicularity and the surface flatness of the wall body by using a wire hammer and a guiding rule at any time.
8. The horizontal and vertical mortar joint width of the masonry body should be controlled to be about 10 mm. The plumpness of the horizontal mortar joints is not less than 90 percent, and the plumpness of the vertical mortar joints is not less than 80 percent. Especially, the mortar plumpness under the wall edge and the beam is required to meet the requirement.
9. The electrician can divide the function threading according to the drawing after plastering finishes to wear electric box internal line, from the roof beam chaining line to the electric box position of going up.
10. And (4) sealing the box, wherein the electric box can be sealed after an electrician finishes threading, and the box is protected by a semi-finished product and wrapped by a plastic film so as to avoid damage.

Claims (1)

1. The prefabricated wall surface hole-free building block combined wall body is characterized by comprising prefabricated electric box building blocks, I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks, II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks and common building blocks; an electric box is embedded in the prefabricated electric box building block, the electric box is connected with a flame-retardant hose, and the end part of the flame-retardant hose extends out of the side surface of the prefabricated electric box building block; the flame-retardant hose and the reserved sleeve are pre-embedded in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block and are butted in the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block, the port of the reserved sleeve is positioned on one small-area side face of the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building block, and the tail end of the flame-retardant hose extends out of the side face opposite to the end of the flame-retardant hose; the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block has the same structure as the type I prefabricated pipeline connecting building block, and is different in that a reserved sleeve port in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block is positioned on one large-area side face of the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block, and the tail end of a flame-retardant hose in the type II prefabricated pipeline connecting building block extends out of the side face opposite to the flame-retardant hose; the prefabricated electric box building blocks in the combined wall body are adjacent to the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks or the II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks, the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks are adjacent to the II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks, the flame-retardant hoses on the prefabricated electric box building blocks 1, the I-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks or the II-type prefabricated pipeline connecting building blocks are respectively aligned with the port positions of the reserved sleeves, the tail ends of the flame-retardant hoses are inserted into the reserved sleeves and are connected with the flame-retardant hoses in the building blocks end to end, and then the line pipelines which are pre-embedded in the combined wall body and are connected with the electric boxes are formed.
CN202220748719.3U 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body Expired - Fee Related CN217580790U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220748719.3U CN217580790U (en) 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220748719.3U CN217580790U (en) 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body

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CN217580790U true CN217580790U (en) 2022-10-14

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CN202220748719.3U Expired - Fee Related CN217580790U (en) 2022-03-23 2022-03-23 Prefabricated wall surface non-perforated building block combined wall body

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Granted publication date: 20221014