CN216396504U - Construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism - Google Patents

Construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216396504U
CN216396504U CN202122807568.2U CN202122807568U CN216396504U CN 216396504 U CN216396504 U CN 216396504U CN 202122807568 U CN202122807568 U CN 202122807568U CN 216396504 U CN216396504 U CN 216396504U
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motor
protective shell
crushing
gear
sleeved
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CN202122807568.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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谢水平
尹鹏
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Hunan Chenzhou Zhongpeng Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Hunan Chenzhou Zhongpeng Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste, which comprises a protective shell, wherein a feeding bin is arranged on one side of the top of the protective shell, a waste crushing mechanism is arranged in the feeding bin, rotary rollers are sleeved on two sides of one end in the protective shell, a conveying belt is sleeved on the outer sides of the two groups of rotary rollers together, a motor B is arranged on the top of one side of one end of the protective shell, the output end of the motor B is connected with the group of rotary rollers, and a movable inclined plate is sleeved in the middle of one side in the protective shell; according to the utility model, through the mutual cooperation of the protection plate, the gear A, the brush disc, the motor A, the electromagnetic chuck, the metal collecting tank, the gear B, the through groove and the rotating shaft, after the device crushes the construction waste, the metal contained in the waste can be screened out in the conveying process of the device, and the metal can be automatically collected into the metal collecting tank for storage, so that the screening range of the device is enlarged, and the subsequent work flow is reduced.

Description

Construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of waste recovery, in particular to a crushing and screening device for recovering construction waste.
Background
The construction waste refers to residue soil, waste materials, residual mud and other wastes generated in the process of constructing, laying, dismantling and repairing various buildings, structures, pipe networks and the like by construction, construction units or individuals, most of the materials in the construction waste are recyclable, and when the construction waste is recycled, a crushing device is required to crush the waste for reuse;
but still has more obvious problems: 1. some construction waste usually contains some metals in the interior, and the construction waste can be taken out only after the materials are crushed, so that the existing device is difficult to screen out the metals after the waste is crushed, and subsequent work processes are increased; 2. the device is to the material breakage back, is not convenient for to the material classified collection according to the size of material, leads to the material to use when follow-up production convenient enough.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste, which aims to solve the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: a crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste comprises a protective shell, a feeding bin is arranged on one side of the top of the protective shell, a waste crushing mechanism is arranged in the feeding bin, rotary rollers are sleeved on two sides of one end in the protective shell, a conveying belt is sleeved on the outer sides of the two groups of rotary rollers together, a motor B is arranged at the top of one side of the protective shell, the output end of the motor B is connected with a group of rotating rollers, a movable inclined plate is sleeved in the middle of one side in the protective shell, the two sides of the movable inclined plate are provided with screening nets, the two sides of the bottom inside the protective shell are provided with material receiving boxes, the top of one side of the protective shell is provided with a spring connected with a movable inclined plate, two sides of the outer side of the rotating roller are sleeved with cams, the both sides of activity swash plate top one end are provided with the push rod with cam matched with, the middle part of protective housing top one end is provided with the metal screening subassembly.
Preferably, the metal screening subassembly includes guard plate, gear A, brush dish, motor A, electromagnet, metal collecting vat, gear B, leads to groove and pivot, motor A is located the middle part of protective housing top one end, motor A's output is provided with the pivot, the top cover in the pivot outside is equipped with electromagnet, the bottom cover in the pivot outside is equipped with gear B, the intermediate position department of the inside one end of protective housing is provided with the guard plate, the inboard bottom cover of guard plate is equipped with the brush dish, the bottom cover in the brush dish outside is equipped with gear A with gear B engaged with, the middle part that motor B one end was kept away from to the protective housing is provided with the metal collecting vat, the top that protective housing one end is close to the metal collecting vat is provided with leads to the groove with electromagnet matched with.
Preferably, the bottom that spring one side was kept away from to the protective housing is provided with the collecting vat, the bottom of the inside one side of protective housing is provided with the discharge gate, the activity swash plate is located the discharge gate inboard, the bottom of the inside opposite side of protective housing is provided with the activity groove with activity swash plate matched with, the middle part of protective housing one side is provided with the guide block, and leads the outside sliding connection who moves and have the baffle, and the bottom and the activity swash plate of baffle laminate mutually.
Preferably, the pores of the two sets of screening mesh are of different sizes.
Preferably, the through groove is made of an L-shaped structure, one end of the electromagnetic chuck penetrates through the through groove and extends to the outer side of the protective shell, and the electromagnetic chuck is composed of four groups of electromagnetic blocks.
Preferably, the broken mechanism of waste material is including smashing roller, driving motor and gear, the inside both sides cover in feeding storehouse is equipped with crushing roller, and the one end of two sets of crushing rollers extends to the feeding storehouse outside and is provided with the gear, and two sets of gear intermeshing, one side of feeding storehouse one end is provided with the motor, and the output of motor is connected with a set of broken mechanism of waste material.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: this construction waste recycling is with smashing sieving mechanism;
1. through the mutual matching of the protection plate, the gear A, the brush disc, the motor A, the electromagnetic chuck, the metal collecting tank, the gear B, the through groove and the rotating shaft, after the device crushes the construction waste, the metal contained in the waste can be screened out in the conveying process of the device, and the metal can be automatically collected into the metal collecting tank for storage, so that the screening range of the device is improved, the subsequent work flow is reduced, and when the electromagnetic chuck is controlled to rotate to screen the metal, the brush disc can be simultaneously driven to rotate, the metal is brushed and swept from the lower part of the conveying belt, the waste is prevented from being adhered to the conveying belt, the conveying burden is increased, and the cleaning convenience is improved;
2. through the cooperation of material receiving box, the activity swash plate, the screening net, change the roller, a spring, the push rod, between cam and the motor B, make the device can retrieve the waste material respectively and deposit in two sets of material receiving box according to the size of material, use when being convenient for follow-up different productions of being used for, and the device can drive the cam rotation when control conveyer belt rotates and carry the material, and shake from top to bottom through the promotion activity swash plate of cam intermittent type formula, the roll speed of material has been promoted, the consumption of device drive power has been saved, the use cost of device has been reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a left side cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a right side cross-sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a top view of the electromagnetic chuck of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a protective shell; 2. a protection plate; 3. a material receiving box; 4. a movable sloping plate; 5. screening the net; 6. a waste crushing mechanism; 7. a feeding bin; 8. a gear A; 9. brushing a disc; 10. a motor A; 11. an electromagnetic chuck; 12. a conveyor belt; 13. rotating the roller; 14. a spring; 15. a push rod; 16. a metal collection tank; 17. a cam; 18. a motor B; 19. a gear B; 20. a through groove; 21. a rotating shaft.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides an embodiment: a crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste comprises a protective shell 1, a feeding bin 7 is arranged on one side of the top of the protective shell 1, a waste crushing mechanism 6 is arranged inside the feeding bin 7, rotary rollers 13 are sleeved on two sides of one end inside the protective shell 1, a conveying belt 12 is sleeved on the outer sides of the two rotary rollers 13 together and used for conveying waste, a motor B18 is arranged on the top of one side of one end of the protective shell 1, the output end of a motor B18 is connected with the rotary rollers 13, a movable inclined plate 4 is sleeved in the middle of one side inside the protective shell 1, screening nets 5 are arranged on two sides of the movable inclined plate 4 and used for screening waste with different sizes, material receiving boxes 3 are arranged on two sides of the bottom inside the protective shell 1 and used for collecting waste materials, a spring 14 connected with the movable inclined plate 4 is arranged on the top of one side of the protective shell 1, cams 17 are sleeved on two sides of the outer sides of the rotary rollers 13, push rods 15 matched with the cams 17 are arranged on two sides of one end of the top of the movable inclined plate 4, and a metal screening assembly is arranged in the middle of one end of the top of the protective shell 1.
Further, the metal screening component comprises a protection plate 2, a gear A8, a brush disc 9 and a motor A10, electromagnetic chuck 11, metal collecting tank 16, gear B19, lead to groove 20 and pivot 21, motor A10 is located the middle part of 1 top one end of protective housing, motor A10's output is provided with pivot 21, the top cover in the pivot 21 outside is equipped with electromagnetic chuck 11, the bottom cover in the pivot 21 outside is equipped with gear B19, the intermediate position department of the inside one end of protective housing 1 is provided with protection plate 2, the bottom cover in protection plate 2 inboard is equipped with brush dish 9, the bottom cover in the brush dish 9 outside is equipped with gear A8 with gear B19 engaged with, the middle part that motor B18 one end was kept away from to protective housing 1 is provided with metal collecting tank 16, the top that protective housing 1 one end is close to metal collecting tank 16 is provided with and leads to groove 20 with electromagnetic chuck 11 matched with, can select the metal in the waste material, subsequent work flow has been reduced.
Further, the bottom that spring 14 one side was kept away from to protective housing 1 is provided with the collecting vat, the bottom of the inside one side of protective housing 1 is provided with the discharge gate, activity swash plate 4 is located the discharge gate inboard, the part is not conform to the waste material accessible discharge gate of requirement size and rolls and fall into the collecting vat and collect, be convenient for carry out shredding again, the bottom of the inside opposite side of protective housing 1 is provided with the activity groove with activity swash plate 4 matched with, the middle part of protective housing 1 one side is provided with the guide block, and the outside sliding connection that leads moves has the baffle, and the bottom of baffle is laminated with activity swash plate 4 mutually, make the baffle can laminate all the time and activity swash plate 4 tops, prevent that the material from spilling from the activity groove.
Furthermore, the two sets of screening nets 5 have different pore sizes, and waste materials with different sizes can be classified.
Further, the through groove 20 is made of an L-shaped structure, one end of the electromagnetic chuck 11 penetrates through the through groove 20 and extends to the outer side of the protective shell 1, and the electromagnetic chuck 11 is composed of four groups of electromagnetic blocks, so that adsorbed metal can be removed conveniently.
Further, broken mechanism of waste material 6 is including smashing roller, driving motor and gear, and the inside both sides cover in feeding storehouse 7 is equipped with crushing roller, and the one end of two sets of crushing rollers extends to the feeding storehouse 7 outside and is provided with the gear, and two sets of gear intermeshing, and one side of feeding storehouse 7 one end is provided with the motor, and the output of motor is connected with a set of broken mechanism of waste material 6 for carry out shredding to the waste material.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, firstly, building waste is added into a feeding bin 7, then the building waste can be crushed through a waste crushing mechanism 6, the crushed waste can automatically fall on a conveying belt 12, a motor B18 is started during crushing, a group of rotating rollers 13 can be driven by a motor B18 to rotate, when one group of rotating rollers 13 rotates, the conveying belt 12 can be driven to roll by virtue of the guide of the other group of rotating rollers 13, the crushed material is conveyed, when the material is conveyed to the lower part of an electromagnetic chuck 11, metal in the waste can be automatically adsorbed on the electromagnetic chuck 11, at the moment, a motor A10 is started to drive a rotating shaft 21 to rotate, the electromagnetic chuck 11 and a gear B19 can be driven by the rotating shaft 21 to rotate, when the rotating shaft 21 rotates, the adsorbed metal material can be rotated to the outside of a protective shell 1 from a through groove 20, and when an electromagnetic block adsorbing the metal material rotates to the outside of the protective shell 1, the magnetic force corresponding to the electromagnetic block is eliminated, the metal can automatically fall into the metal collecting tank 16 for collection, the screening is more convenient, when the gear B19 rotates, the gear B8 which is meshed with the gear A8 can be driven, the brush disc 9 is driven to rotate through the gear A8, the brush disc can be brushed and swept from the bottom of the conveying belt 12, adhered waste materials are swept, and the cleaning convenience is improved;
after the metal in the waste material is screened, the material can be conveyed by the conveying belt 12 and fall onto the movable sloping plate 4, at the moment, the material can flow to one side under the action of the inclination angle of the movable sloping plate 4, when the roller 13 rotates, the roller 13 can drive the cam 17 to rotate, then the cam 17 can intermittently push the push rod 15 to move downwards, so that the movable sloping plate 4 can shake up and down on the inner side of the movable groove, the falling speed of the material can be accelerated, the material is prevented from being accumulated on the movable sloping plate 4, when the movable sloping plate 4 moves downwards, the spring 14 can be pushed to compress, then the movable sloping plate 4 can be pushed to reset upwards by the elastic restoring force of the spring 14, meanwhile, the baffle can move downwards along with the movable sloping plate 4 under the action of gravity, and when the movable sloping plate 4 moves upwards, the baffle can be pushed to reset, so that the baffle can be always attached to the top of the movable sloping plate 4 to prevent the material from leaking from the movable groove, when the material was through screening net 5, can fall into in the material receiving box 3 automatically, because the space variation in size of two sets of screening nets 5, so can retrieve the waste material of variation in size respectively and deposit in two sets of material receiving boxes 3, the part is not conform to the waste material accessible discharge gate of requirement size and rolls and fall into the collecting vat and collect, is convenient for carry out shredding once more.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the utility model. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as either a fixed connection or a removable connection, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism, includes protective housing (1), its characterized in that: one side at the top of the protective shell (1) is provided with a feeding bin (7), the inside of the feeding bin (7) is provided with a waste material crushing mechanism (6), two side sleeves of one end inside the protective shell (1) are provided with a rotating roller (13), two groups of outer sides of the rotating roller (13) are jointly sleeved with a conveying belt (12), the top of one end of the protective shell (1) is provided with a motor B (18), the output end of the motor B (18) is connected with a group of rotating rollers (13), the middle sleeve of one side inside the protective shell (1) is provided with a movable inclined plate (4), two sides of the movable inclined plate (4) are provided with a screening net (5), two sides of the bottom inside the protective shell (1) are provided with a material receiving box (3), the top of one side of the protective shell (1) is provided with a spring (14) connected with the movable inclined plate (4), two side sleeves outside the rotating roller (13) are provided with a cam (17), the two sides of one end of the top of the movable inclined plate (4) are provided with push rods (15) matched with the cams (17), and the middle of one end of the top of the protective shell (1) is provided with a metal screening assembly.
2. The crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste according to claim 1, wherein: the metal screening assembly comprises a protection plate (2), a gear A (8), a brush disc (9), a motor A (10), an electromagnetic chuck (11), a metal collecting tank (16), a gear B (19), a through groove (20) and a rotating shaft (21), wherein the motor A (10) is positioned in the middle of one end of the top of the protection shell (1), the output end of the motor A (10) is provided with the rotating shaft (21), the electromagnetic chuck (11) is sleeved on the top of the outer side of the rotating shaft (21), the gear B (19) is sleeved on the bottom of the outer side of the rotating shaft (21), the protection plate (2) is arranged at the middle position of one end of the inner part of the protection shell (1), the brush disc (9) is sleeved on the bottom of the inner side of the protection plate (2), the gear A (8) meshed with the gear B (19) is sleeved on the bottom of the outer side of the brush disc (9), the metal collecting tank (16) is arranged in the middle of the protection shell (1) far away from one end of the motor B (18), and a through groove (20) matched with the electromagnetic chuck (11) is formed in one end of the protective shell (1) close to the top of the metal collecting groove (16).
3. The crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom that spring (14) one side was kept away from in protective housing (1) is provided with the collecting vat, the bottom of the inside one side of protective housing (1) is provided with the discharge gate, activity swash plate (4) are located the discharge gate inboard, the bottom of the inside opposite side of protective housing (1) is provided with the activity groove with activity swash plate (4) matched with, the middle part of protective housing (1) one side is provided with the guide block, and leads the outside sliding connection who moves and have the baffle, and the bottom and the activity swash plate (4) of baffle laminate mutually.
4. The crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste according to claim 1, wherein: the pores of the two groups of screening nets (5) are different in size.
5. The crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste according to claim 2, wherein: lead to groove (20) and make by L shape structure, the one end of electromagnet (11) is passed through groove (20) and is extended to the outside of protective housing (1), electromagnet (11) comprise four groups of electromagnetism block groups.
6. The crushing and screening device for recycling construction waste according to claim 1, wherein: the waste material crushing mechanism (6) comprises crushing rollers, a driving motor and gears, the crushing rollers are sleeved on two sides of the interior of the feeding bin (7), one ends of the two groups of crushing rollers extend to the outer side of the feeding bin (7) and are provided with the gears, the two groups of gears are meshed with each other, the motor is arranged on one side of one end of the feeding bin (7), and the output end of the motor is connected with the waste material crushing mechanism (6).
CN202122807568.2U 2021-11-16 2021-11-16 Construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism Active CN216396504U (en)

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CN202122807568.2U CN216396504U (en) 2021-11-16 2021-11-16 Construction waste retrieves with smashing sieving mechanism

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115106158A (en) * 2022-07-03 2022-09-27 罗成全 Prevent that raise dust pollutes broken integrative device of collecting of building rubbish
CN115301338A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-08 保定市东大洋建材有限公司 Aggregate recycling and crushing device for high-impermeability recycled concrete
CN116851338A (en) * 2023-09-04 2023-10-10 浩宸建设科技有限公司 Stone washing and mud removing device for highway engineering construction

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115106158A (en) * 2022-07-03 2022-09-27 罗成全 Prevent that raise dust pollutes broken integrative device of collecting of building rubbish
CN115106158B (en) * 2022-07-03 2023-08-25 上海中器环保科技有限公司 Prevent broken collection of building rubbish of raise dust pollution and retrieve integrative device
CN115301338A (en) * 2022-08-08 2022-11-08 保定市东大洋建材有限公司 Aggregate recycling and crushing device for high-impermeability recycled concrete
CN115301338B (en) * 2022-08-08 2023-08-29 保定市东大洋建材有限公司 Aggregate recovery crushing device of high impervious recycled concrete
CN116851338A (en) * 2023-09-04 2023-10-10 浩宸建设科技有限公司 Stone washing and mud removing device for highway engineering construction
CN116851338B (en) * 2023-09-04 2023-11-17 浩宸建设科技有限公司 Stone washing and mud removing device for highway engineering construction

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