CN216392613U - Poultry cage is bred to welfare - Google Patents

Poultry cage is bred to welfare Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216392613U
CN216392613U CN202120829843.8U CN202120829843U CN216392613U CN 216392613 U CN216392613 U CN 216392613U CN 202120829843 U CN202120829843 U CN 202120829843U CN 216392613 U CN216392613 U CN 216392613U
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cage
poultry
wire rope
air
steel wire
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范永刚
庄光亮
郭威娜
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Shandong Yifang Agriculture And Animal Husbandry Technology Co ltd
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Shandong Yifang Agriculture And Animal Husbandry Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a welfare breeding poultry cage which comprises a poultry house, wherein a breeding cage is arranged in the poultry house, a stockline and a waterline are arranged in the breeding cage, and the stockline and the waterline are respectively connected with an independent mechanism for driving the stockline or the waterline to move in the vertical direction; breed the cage below and be provided with the excrement area that is used for the poultry to stand, the excrement area is connected with excrement belt motor, and excrement belt motor is used for driving excrement and takes the rotation, breeds the cage and takes around forming the space that can supply the poultry to take the direction of transfer free activity along the excrement, breeds cage one side and is provided with out the birds passageway, breeds the cage and is provided with the head and the tail baffle that can open near one side of going out the birds passageway. The breeding cage provided by the utility model provides enough moving space for poultry, and the air exchange mechanism realizes the air exchange work in the breeding cage, so that the growth of the poultry is facilitated, the meat quality of the poultry is more delicious, and the survival rate of the poultry is higher.

Description

Poultry cage is bred to welfare
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of poultry breeding, in particular to a poultry cage for welfare breeding.
Background
The breeding industry in China is rapidly developed, the breeding quantity is increased at a high speed every year, and the demand of agricultural products is more and more high. The traditional breeding mode is not suitable for industrial development for a long time, and the large-scale three-dimensional breeding gradually replaces the original breeding mode. However, the industrial potential is far from full play, and compared with the automation degree of scale cultivation in foreign countries, the method needs further improvement on how to improve the cultivation survival rate of poultry and the growth quality of poultry.
The method for raising poultry is mainly characterized by that the poultry is placed in a cage, and one end of said cage is equipped with a feed trough for feeding poultry, and the bottom end of said cage is equipped with several holes, so that the excrement discharged from poultry can be discharged through these holes, and can prevent the excrement from affecting health of poultry, and can effectively reduce disease probability of poultry and raise growth survival rate of poultry.
Although the mode of the cage feeding system can separate excrement so as to reduce pollution to poultry, once the poultry grows to a certain degree, the cage space is insufficient, the moving range of the poultry is greatly reduced, the mobility of the poultry and the meat quality of the poultry are further influenced, and therefore the food feeling of a consumer is certainly caused, and the purchase willingness of the consumer is reduced. In addition, poultry is to sacrifice life and provide food for people to live, and when the poultry is limited in the cage due to insufficient space, the poultry is not popular with the poultry.
The conventional poultry houses are usually closed, and heat is supplied to the poultry in cold weather, and the temperature of the poultry is reduced in hot weather. Because the environmental conditions in the closed poultry house can be manually controlled and are slightly influenced by the external environment, the internal conditions of the poultry house can be maintained at the level close to the optimal requirements of poultry as much as possible, the optimal growth of the poultry is met, the stress requirements are reduced, and the production performance of the poultry is fully exerted.
The closed poultry house aims to solve the problems that outdoor high-quality air is obtained through ventilation on the premise that the temperature in the poultry house is kept constant, and the temperature fluctuation in the poultry house easily causes flu and brings huge loss to breeding work. In the poultry house in the prior art, when ventilation is performed, cold air enters the poultry house after being filtered, a hot air introducing method is generally adopted for adjusting the temperature in the poultry house, and the mixing of the hot air and the cold air is generally realized in a breeding space, so that the original gas in the poultry house cannot be discharged in time, the flowing of the gas in the breeding space is not facilitated, better air quality cannot be obtained, and the normal growth of poultry is not facilitated; and if the flowing air flow is directly blown to the poultry, the normal growth of the poultry is easily influenced, the flu is easily caused, and a lot of troubles are brought to the breeders.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the poultry cage for welfare breeding is provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model for solving the technical problems is as follows:
the utility model provides a welfare breeding poultry cage which comprises a poultry house, wherein a breeding cage is arranged in the poultry house, a stockline and a waterline are arranged in the breeding cage, and the stockline and the waterline are respectively connected with an independent mechanism for driving the stockline or the waterline to move in the vertical direction; breed the cage below and be provided with the excrement area that is used for the poultry to stand, the excrement area is connected with excrement belt motor, excrement belt motor is used for the drive excrement area rotates, breed the cage with the excrement area is around forming the space that can supply the poultry along excrement area direction of transfer free movement, it is provided with out the birds passageway to breed cage one side, it is provided with the head and the tail baffle that can open to breed one side that the cage is close to out the birds passageway.
Preferably, the mechanism for driving the stockline to move in the vertical direction comprises an auxiliary steel wire rope I connected with the stockline, the auxiliary steel wire rope I is connected with a main steel wire rope I through a first pulley, one end of the main steel wire rope I is connected with a first driving mechanism, and the other end of the main steel wire rope I is connected with the breeding cage through a first spring.
Preferably, the mechanism that the vertical direction of drive waterline removed include with inferior wire rope II that the waterline links to each other, inferior wire rope II is connected with main wire rope II through the second pulley, main wire rope II one end is connected with second actuating mechanism, the main wire rope II other end pass through the second spring with breed the cage and link to each other, the waterline is connected with the nipple.
Preferably, the poultry house is also internally provided with an air exchange mechanism, the air exchange mechanism comprises a wind shield connected with the poultry house, the wind shield enables the poultry house to form a mixing space above and a breeding space below, the wind shield comprises a ventilation channel, and the ventilation channel is connected with a mechanism for driving the ventilation channel to open or close; the cultivation cage is arranged in the cultivation space, a cold air pipeline for supplying cold air to enter and a mechanism for forming hot air are arranged in the mixed space, the cold air and the hot air are mixed in the mixed space to form mixed gas, and the mixed gas enters the cultivation space through the ventilation channel.
Preferably, air pipe includes a plurality of inlet air channel and a plurality of air-out passageway, it is provided with the glass board to breed cage one side, the glass board below is provided with a plurality of fresh air inlet, it is provided with the cage door to breed the cage opposite side, inlet air channel sets up glass board one side, the air-out passageway sets up cage door one side.
Preferably, the air inlet channel comprises an air deflector, the air deflector is rotatably connected with the wind shield, and the air deflector closes the air inlet channel in an initial state; the wind deflector is characterized in that a secondary steel wire rope is connected to the upper end of the wind deflector, a main steel wire rope is arranged in the mixing space, the secondary steel wire rope is connected with the main steel wire rope through a pulley, one end of the main steel wire rope is connected with a driving mechanism, and the other end of the main steel wire rope is connected with the wind deflector through a spring.
Preferably, the air deflector is arc-shaped and is rotatably connected with the wind deflector through a first rotating shaft.
Preferably, the air outlet channel comprises a plurality of air outlet plates which are arranged in a matched manner, the air outlet plates are rotatably connected with the wind shield, and the air outlet plates close the air outlet channel in an initial state; the bottom end of the wind shield is connected with an axial flow fan, the axial flow fan is arranged in the culture space, and the air outlet channel is further connected with a filtering system.
Preferably, filtration system still includes the one-level filtration that vertical direction set up and the second grade of horizontal direction setting is filtered, the one-level filtration with the second grade filters the top and all is connected with the shower nozzle, the second grade is filtered including the plastics cascade, still include circulating water pump in the filtration system.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the poultry breeding cage is provided with the multiple layers of breeding cages, the length of each breeding cage is long enough, poultry can move freely in the breeding cages conveniently, the rice hulls and excrement can react by paving a proper amount of rice hulls on the excrement belt, the poultry can be prevented from eating the excrement, the excrement is not discharged in the breeding process, and the excrement and the poultry are conveyed into the poultry discharging channel together when the poultry is discharged, so that the poultry discharging work is finished, the sufficient moving space is provided, the movement of the poultry is facilitated, the real living environment of the poultry is simulated, the meat quality of the poultry is more delicious, and the survival rate of the poultry is improved.
2. The utility model is also provided with a stockline winch for driving the stockline to move in the vertical direction, the waterline is driven to move in the vertical direction by the motor, the height of the waterline and the stockline can be conveniently and accurately adjusted by adopting a way of matching the steel wire rope with the spring, corresponding adjustment is carried out according to the growth condition of poultry, the working strength of breeders is effectively reduced, and the better living environment of the breeding cage can be favorably maintained.
3. The poultry house is divided into a mixing space and a breeding space by the arranged wind shield, wherein the breeding space is internally provided with the breeding cage, the mixing space is responsible for mixing gas, the mixed gas enters the breeding space and is the mixed gas, which is equivalent to the mixing of the existing cold air and hot air in the breeding space, the normal growth of poultry is facilitated, the gas cannot be directly blown to the poultry in the gas exchange, and the gas in the breeding cage is discharged through the cage door, so that the gas exchange work in the breeding cage is realized.
4. The driving mechanism in the air inlet channel is used for driving a main steel wire rope to move, a secondary steel wire rope drives an air deflector to rotate through a pulley, a spring is used for resetting the main steel wire rope, the pulley is used for reversing the secondary steel wire rope, the air inlet channel is opened, the cultivation cage is provided with a glass plate, an air inlet hole is arranged below the glass plate, mixed gas enters the cultivation cage through the air inlet channel and the air inlet hole,
5. the air outlet channel is provided with the rotatably connected air outlet plate, the axial flow fan is arranged below the air outlet plate, after the axial flow fan is opened, the air outlet plate is opened through wind airflow, the axial flow fan is closed, the air outlet plate is closed under the action of self gravity, and old air in the cultivation cage enters the air outlet channel through the cage door, so that the air in the cultivation cage can flow easily, and the air exchange work is realized.
6. The utility model is also provided with a filtering system, the filtering system is used for filtering the discharged gas, the filtered gas comprises primary filtering for filtering the chicken feather and secondary filtering for filtering the smell, the secondary filtering can adopt a plastic water curtain, a circulating water pump is also arranged in the filtering system and is matched with the spray head for realizing the water circulation of the filtering system, the filtered gas is discharged, and the multi-stage filtering mode is favorable for protecting the environment and ensures that the discharged gas meets the environmental protection requirement.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is an overall front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the windshield structure of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the air deflector in fig. 2;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the air outlet channel structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a rear view of the air outlet channel structure of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a front view of the air outlet channel structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the filtration system of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a front view of a portion of the cage of FIG. 1;
FIG. 9 is a top view of a portion of the cage of FIG. 1;
FIG. 10 is a right side elevational view of a portion of the structure of the cage of FIG. 1;
FIG. 11 is a left side view of the partial structure of the farming cage of FIG. 1;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a portion of the structure of the trace shown in FIG. 9;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the part of FIG. 9
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the partial structure of the glass sheet of FIG. 8.
Description of reference numerals:
1, poultry houses; 2, a wind shield; 21, a support frame; 22 air deflector; 23 a first rotating shaft; 24 a first pulley; 25 times of wire rope; 26 a second pulley; 27 a spring; 28 main wire ropes; 29, buckling;
201 air outlet plate; 202 fan blades; 203 axial flow fan; 204 a second rotating shaft; 205 a drive mechanism;
3, a culture cage; 31 a glass plate; 32 air inlet holes; 33 a baffle plate; 34 a slide rail; 35 a voltage regulator; 36 out of the poultry channel; 102 a handpiece door; 103 dung belt motor; 104 a fecal zone; 105 manure belt supporting rollers; 106 head and tail partition boards;
4, a filtering system; 41 a fan; 42 a spray head; 43 air outlet; 44 plastic water curtain; 45 a first water collecting tank; 46 a second water collecting tank; 47 circulating water pump; 48, primary filtration; 49 secondary filtration;
5, mixing gas; 51 hot air; 52, cooling air; 53, a filter screen; 54 air heater.
7, a material line; 71 a main steel wire rope I; 72 times of steel wire rope I; 73 a first catch; 74 a first pulley; 75 a first spring; 76 a feed channel;
8 water lines; 81 main steel wire ropes II; 82 times wire rope II; 83 a second buckle; 84 a second pulley; 85 a second spring; 86 nipples;
10 a dung baffle; 11 a cage door; 12 constructing a column; 13 a pinch roller; 14 tail tensioning rollers; 15 waterline motor; 16 stockline winches; 17 connecting plates; 18 a hopper; 19 material tray.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1-14, the present embodiment provides a welfare breeding poultry cage, which includes a poultry house 1, a breeding cage 3 is disposed in the poultry house 1, a stockline 7 and a waterline 8 are disposed in the breeding cage 3, and the stockline 7 and the waterline 8 are respectively connected to an independent mechanism for driving the stockline 7 or the waterline 8 to move in a vertical direction; breed cage 3 below and be provided with the excrement area 104 that is used for the poultry to stand, excrement area 104 is connected with actuating mechanism, it is provided with out birds passageway 36 to breed cage 3 one side, it is provided with head and tail baffle 106 to breed cage 3 both ends, wherein be close to the head and tail baffle 106 that goes out birds passageway 36 one side and set up and open, head and tail baffle 106 is used for realizing the restriction work to the poultry, breed cage and excrement area around forming the space that can supply the poultry to follow excrement area direction of transfer free activity, make the poultry freely move about on excrement area 104.
Wherein actuating mechanism is excrement belt motor 103, excrement belt motor 103 with breed 3 fixed connection of cage, breed 3 rotations of cage and be connected with a plurality of band pulleys, excrement belt 104 hangs and establishes on the band pulley, one of them band pulley links to each other with excrement belt motor 103, excrement belt motor 103 passes through band pulley drive excrement belt 104 and rotates.
The breeding cage 3 is further rotatably connected with a belt pressing roller 13, and the belt pressing roller 13 is matched with the manure belt 104 to realize belt pressing work of the manure belt 104. Breed cage 3 and still rotate and be connected with tail strainer 14, tail strainer 14 cooperatees with excrement area 104, realizes the tensioning work of excrement area 104 to make excrement area 104 do benefit to the normal stand of poultry, can not run to on excrement area 104 because of the poultry simultaneously, and influence excrement area 104's normal work.
One side of the cultivation cage 3 is a glass plate 31, the glass plate 31 is specifically an acrylic plate, and a feces blocking plate 10 is arranged below the glass plate 31 to prevent feces from falling off from the feces belt 104. Breed cage 3 and be provided with the multilayer, breed cage 3 and be provided with four layers in this example, breed the length of cage 3 and adjust according to actual need, be about tens meters usually, make things convenient for the poultry freely to run on manure belt 104.
Any adjacent cultivation cages 3 are connected through a connecting plate 17, and the connecting plate 17 realizes the fixing work of the connected cultivation cages 3. The cultivation cages 3 are fixedly connected through the framework upright posts 12, and the overall stability of the cultivation cages 3 is realized. One side of breeding cage 3 is provided with aircraft nose door 102, conveniently breeds cage 3 and opens, still rotates in breeding cage 3 to be connected with excrement and takes bearing roller 105, and excrement takes bearing roller 105 and excrement area 104 to cooperate, plays the effect of supporting excrement area 104.
The problem that the space of the conventional breeding cage is not enough can be caused once the poultry grows to a certain degree, so that the moving range of the poultry is greatly reduced, the activity of the poultry and the meat quality of the poultry are further influenced, and therefore the food feeling of a consumer is certainly caused and the purchase intention of the consumer is reduced. In addition, poultry is to sacrifice life and provide food for people to live, and when the poultry is limited in the cage due to insufficient space, the poultry is not popular with the poultry.
The length of the breeding cage 3 is about dozens of meters generally, so that the poultry can run freely in the breeding cage 3 conveniently, and the rice hulls are paved on the manure belt 104 and react with the manure, so that the function of fermentation can be achieved, and a more comfortable environment is provided for the poultry.
The poultry outlet channel 36 is connected with an independent driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is used for driving the poultry outlet channel 36 to move in the vertical direction, so that layered poultry outlet work of the breeding cage 3 is realized.
The mechanism that the vertical direction of drive stockline 7 removed includes inferior wire rope I72 that links to each other with stockline 7, inferior wire rope I72 is connected with main wire rope I71 through first pulley 74, inferior wire rope I72 links to each other with main wire rope I71 through first buckle 73, first pulley 74 rotates with breed cage 3 to be connected, main wire rope I71 one end is connected with a drive mechanism, the main wire rope I71 other end links to each other with breed cage 3 through first spring 75.
First pulley 74 plays the effect of direction, and first spring 75 plays the effect that resets to the motion of main wire rope I71, and first actuating mechanism is hand winch 16, and main wire rope I71 twines on hand winch 16, and hand winch 16 links to each other with breed cage 3, thereby realizes the adjustment of main wire rope I71 length through rotating hand winch 16. Thereby realizing the adjustment of the height of the stockline 7.
A material line 7 is further arranged above the cultivation cage 3, the material line 7 is a general material line of the cultivation cage 3, the material line 7 is further connected with a hopper 18, the hopper 18 is connected with the general material line 7 through a feeding channel 76, materials in the general material line 7 enter the hopper 18 through the feeding channel 76, and the hopper 18 conveys the materials into the corresponding material line 7. In view of the feeding work, a helical blade may be provided in the stockline 7 or the hopper 18, and the feeding work is performed by driving the helical blade to rotate. Still be provided with charging tray 19 in breeding cage 3, stockline 7 seted up with charging tray 19 matched with material hole, charging tray 19 links to each other with stockline 7, and the fodder drops to charging tray 19 via the material hole on, drives the adjustment of charging tray 19 height through hand winch 16, this height and the poultry growth condition looks adaptation.
The mechanism that 8 vertical direction in drive waterline removed includes inferior wire rope II82 that links to each other with waterline 8, inferior wire rope II82 is connected with main wire rope II81 through second pulley 84, inferior wire rope II82 links to each other with main wire rope II81 through second buckle 83, second pulley 84 rotates with breed cage 3 to be connected, main wire rope II81 one end is connected with second actuating mechanism, the main wire rope II81 other end passes through second spring 85 and breeds cage 3 and link to each other, waterline 8 is connected with nipple 86.
The second pulley 84 plays a role in guiding, the second spring 85 plays a role in resetting the movement of the main steel wire rope II81, the second driving mechanism is a waterline motor 15, and the waterline motor 15 is fixedly connected with the breeding cage 3. Main wire rope II81 winding is on the straining shaft, and the straining shaft rotates with breed cage 3 to be connected, and the straining shaft links to each other with waterline motor 15, and waterline motor 15 can drive the straining shaft and rotate, and the straining shaft drives main wire rope II81 and rotates to realize the adjustment of main wire rope II81 length, and then realize the adjustment of waterline 8 height. The waterline 8 is also connected with a pressure regulator 35, the pressure regulator 35 is used for adjusting the water pressure in the waterline 8, and the nipples 86 facilitate the poultry to drink water.
The poultry house 1 is also internally provided with a ventilation mechanism, the ventilation mechanism is used for gas exchange work in the poultry house 1, and outdoor high-quality air is obtained through ventilation.
Example two
As shown in fig. 1-14, the ventilation mechanism comprises a wind shield 2 connected with the poultry house 1, the wind shield 2 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the poultry house 1, and the wind shield 2 enables the poultry house 1 to form a mixing space at the upper part and a breeding space at the lower part. Wherein 2 horizontal directions of deep bead set up, the both ends of deep bead 2 and the inner wall fixed connection of pouity dwelling place 1, and 2 intensity of deep bead are higher, and the operator can stand on deep bead 2, conveniently debugs the work to the relevant device in hybrid space.
The wind shield 2 comprises a ventilation channel, and the ventilation channel is connected with a mechanism for driving the ventilation channel to open or close; the cultivation cage 3 is arranged in a cultivation space, a cold air pipeline for cold air 52 to enter and a mechanism for forming hot air 51 are arranged in the mixing space, the cold air 52 and the hot air 51 are mixed in the mixing space to form mixed gas 5, and the mixed gas 5 enters the cultivation space through a ventilation channel.
The cold air passage includes a filter 53, the filter 53 is disposed at both sides of the poultry house 1, and the external cold air enters the mixing space through the filter 53. The mechanism for forming hot air 51 is a hot air blower 54, and the hot air blowers 54 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the poultry house 1.
The filter screen 8 is a conventional filter screen for filtering foreign matters in the outside air and preventing sand and dust from entering the poultry house 1, and cold air entering the poultry house 1 is mixed with hot air 51 formed by a hot air blower 54 in a mixing space to form mixed gas 5.
Compared with the conventional method, the cold air and the hot air are mixed in the breeding space, the mixing mode can easily cause the occurrence of the conditions of poultry such as flu and the like, and has a plurality of adverse effects on the growth of the poultry, the mode of mixing in the mixing space is adopted, the temperature, the humidity and the like of the mixed gas 5 are more in line with the actual growth environment of the poultry, and the proportion of each component of the mixed gas 5 can be reasonably adjusted according to the actual growth of the poultry.
Considering the poultry daily growth problem, the wind screen 2 can be used for an operator to stand, the operator can correspondingly detect the mixed gas 5 standing on the wind screen 2, and considering the influence of weather, the proportion of each component of the mixed gas 5 can be adjusted, so that the mixed gas 5 is more suitable for the growth of the poultry.
Air pipe includes a plurality of inlet air channel and a plurality of air-out passageway, and inlet air channel sets up in 3 one sides of breeding the cage, and the air-out passageway setting is breeding 3 opposite sides of cage.
Breed 3 one side of cage and be provided with glass board 31, glass board 31 below fixedly connected with baffle 33, baffle 33 both ends with breed 3 fixed connection of cage, be provided with a plurality of fresh air inlet 32 on the baffle 33, breed 3 opposite sides of cage and be provided with cage door 11, air inlet channel sets up in glass board 31 one side, the air-out passageway sets up in cage door 11 one side.
The inlet air duct is including the aviation baffle 22 that the symmetry set up, and aviation baffle 22 rotates with deep bead 2 through first pivot 23 to be connected, and 2 bottom of deep bead still fixedly connected with support frame 21 that the vertical direction set up, backup pad 21 symmetry set up in inlet air duct both sides, and inlet air duct is provided with a plurality ofly according to actual need, and thus under initial condition, aviation baffle 22 cooperatees with backup pad 21 and makes inlet air duct closed.
Two air deflectors 22 are symmetrically arranged on the air inlet channel at the middle part of the culture space, and one air deflector 22 is arranged at the two end parts of the culture space, so that the mixed gas 5 can conveniently enter the culture cage 3 through the air deflectors 22.
The air deflector 22 is arranged in a circular arc shape, so that air guiding work is facilitated, when the mixed gas 5 enters the culture space under the action of the air deflector 22, the mixed gas 5 enters one side of the glass plate 31 of the culture cage 3 under the action of the air deflector 22 due to the fact that the air deflector 22 is in the circular arc shape, the glass plate 31 plays a role in blocking the mixed gas 5, and the air inlet hole 32 located below the glass plate 31 is used for enabling the mixed gas 5 to enter.
Glass board 31 plays the effect of protection to the poultry, prevents that mist 5 is direct and the poultry contacts, and mist 5 gets into from the fresh air inlet 32 of glass board 31 below, and is littleer to the influence that the poultry grows, and makes things convenient for more to breed 3 old gases of cage and flows from cage door 11 to realize breeding the gas replacement work in the cage 3, make and breed and have better poultry living environment in the cage 3 all the time.
The upper end of the air deflector 22 is connected with a secondary steel wire rope 25, a main steel wire rope 28 is arranged in the mixing space, the main steel wire rope 28 is arranged in the horizontal direction, the secondary steel wire rope 25 is connected with the main steel wire rope 28 through a first pulley 24 and a second pulley 26, and the first pulley 24 and the second pulley 26 play a role in guiding the movement of the secondary steel wire rope 25. The vertical direction of the secondary wire rope 25 is changed to the horizontal direction. The secondary cable 25 is connected to the main cable 28 by a buckle 29, and the buckle 29 plays a role of connection.
One end of the main wire rope 28 is connected with a driving mechanism 205, and the other end of the main wire rope 28 is connected with the wind deflector 2 through a spring 27.
The mechanism for driving the air intake channel to open or close in the air intake channel is a driving mechanism 205, and the driving mechanism 205 can drive the main steel wire rope 28 to be tightened or loosened by adopting an electric winch mode.
The air outlet channel comprises a plurality of air outlet plates 201 which are arranged in a matched mode, the air outlet plates 201 are rotatably connected with the wind shield 2 through second rotating shafts 204, and the air outlet plates 201 enable the air outlet channel to be closed in an initial state; the bottom end of the wind shield 2 is connected with an axial flow fan 203, the axial flow fan 203 is arranged in the culture space, and the axial flow fan 203 comprises fan blades 202.
The mechanism for driving the air outlet channel to be opened or closed in the air outlet channel is an axial flow fan 203, and under the action of the axial flow fan 203, the air flow is driven to rise, so that old air in the cultivation cage 3 flows out through the cage door 11, the axial flow fan 203 drives the air to move upwards, and under the action of the wind power airflow, the air outlet plate 201 is rotated, and the air outlet channel is opened. After axial fan 203 closes, under the effect of gravity, air-out board 201 free fall to realize the automatic closure and the opening of air-out passageway, do benefit to the going on of work of taking a breath.
Air-out passageway still is connected with filtration system 4, and filtration system 4 still includes the one-level filtration 48 that vertical direction set up and the second grade filtration 49 that the horizontal direction set up, and the one-level filtration 48 all is connected with shower nozzle 42 with second grade filtration 49 top, and second grade filtration 49 includes plastics cascade 44, still includes circulating water pump 47 in the filtration system 4.
Wherein filtration system 4 includes the air-out pipeline, the air-out pipeline links to each other with the air-out passageway, still be provided with fan 41 in the air-out pipeline, play inspiratory effect, the function of materials such as filtration chicken feather is played in the primary filtration 48, gas after the primary filtration 48 gets into in the secondary filtration 49, the secondary filtration 49 is used for filtering smell etc. wherein first filtration 48 below is provided with first ponding pond 45, the secondary filtration 49 below is provided with second ponding pond 46, circulating water pump 47 links to each other with shower nozzle 42, cooperate with circulating water pump 47 under the effect of first ponding pond 45 and second ponding pond 46, thereby realize the hydrologic cycle in filtration system 4.
The air outlet 43 is arranged above the filtering system 4, the gas which is subjected to the multi-stage filtering effect is discharged through the air outlet 43, and the multi-stage filtering mode is favorable for protecting the environment, so that the discharged gas meets the environmental protection requirement.
The utility model also provides a poultry discharging method, and the poultry discharging cage for welfare breeding according to the embodiment comprises the following steps:
s1, rice hulls are laid on the dung belt 104, and then poultry cubs are placed on the dung belt 104;
s2: along with the growth of the poultry, the feed line 7 or the waterline 8 is driven to move in the vertical direction by a mechanism for driving the feed line 7 or the waterline 8 to move in the vertical direction, and the height of the feed line 7 or the waterline 8 is matched with the growth condition of the poultry;
s3: after the poultry grows for T time, the head-tail partition plates 106 are opened, the manure belt 104 is driven to rotate through the driving mechanism, and the poultry and the manure on the manure belt 104 are driven to move into the poultry outlet channel 36, so that the poultry outlet work is completed.
In step S2, the first driving mechanism or the second driving mechanism drives the main steel wire rope I71 or the main steel wire rope II81 to move, and under the action of the first pulley 74 or the second pulley 84, the secondary steel wire rope I72 or the secondary steel wire rope II82 is driven to move, so as to drive the stockline 7 or the waterline 8 to move in the vertical direction.
The stockline winch 16 is used for driving the main steel wire rope I71 to move, and the waterline motor 15 is used for driving the main steel wire rope II81 to move.
Rice hulls are spread on the manure belt 104 in advance, and the thickness of the rice hulls is 50 mm. The poultry are directly placed on the manure belt 104 for about 40 days without manure during the cultivation process. In the breeding process, the heights of the stockline 7 and the waterline 8 are adjusted according to the growth condition of poultry, the height of the stockline 7 is adjusted through the stockline winch 16, and the height of the waterline 8 is adjusted through the waterline motor 15. After about 40 days, the head-tail partition plates 106 are opened, the height of the poultry outlet channel 36 of the transverse poultry outlet equipment is adjusted (poultry is discharged layer by layer), the dung belt motor 103 is started to drive the dung belt 104 to run, the dung belt 104 drives the poultry and the dung to move forward, the poultry and the dung fall onto the transversely arranged poultry outlet channel 36, the poultry is conveyed out, and the poultry discharging work is completed. The time T is about 40 days.
When poultry house 1 is ventilated, the method comprises the following steps:
s1, ventilating poultry house 1 at intervals of T1The mechanism for driving the ventilation channel to be opened or closed drives the ventilation channel to be opened, the cold air 7 positioned outside enters the mixing space through the cold air channel, and the mechanism for forming hot air forms hot air 51;
s2: the cold air 52 and the hot air 51 are mixed in the mixing space to form mixed gas 5, the mixed gas 5 enters the culture cage 3 of the culture space through the ventilation channel, and the ventilation time T is2And then the ventilation channel is closed, thereby realizing the exchange work of the air in the culture cage 3.
In step S1, the driving mechanism 205 drives the main steel wire rope 28 to loosen, the main steel wire rope 28 drives the secondary steel wire rope 25 to move under the action of the spring 27, the air deflector 22 is driven to move downward by the pulley, so that the air inlet channel is opened, the mixed gas 5 enters the cultivation cage 3 through the air inlet hole 32 on the glass plate 31, and after the air exchange operation is completed, the driving mechanism 205 drives the main steel wire rope 28 to tighten, and the air deflector 22 closes the air inlet channel.
In step S1, the axial flow fan 203 is started to move the air in the cultivation cage 3 upward through the cage door 11, and the air outlet plate 201 is driven to rotate along with the upward flow of the air, and the air enters the filtering system 4 through the air outlet channel and is filtered by the filtering system 4 and then discharged.
The air deflector 22 is designed in an arc shape, the mixed gas 5 enters the glass plate 31 part of the culture cage 3 under the action of the air deflector 22, enters the culture cage 3 through the air inlet hole 32, under the action of the axial flow fan 203, the old gas in the culture cage 3 moves upwards through the cage door 11 and enters the filtering system 4 through the air outlet channel, and the gas is discharged from the air outlet 43 under the multi-stage filtering action. The gas exchange work in the culture cage 3 is realized.
The axial fan 203 and the drive mechanism 205 are timed to run longer and longer from a minimum running time. The minimum time control is 300s, the time is gradually increased from 8% in one period from 300s, and one fan reaches 60% of the rotating speed and then another fan. The air exchange device runs for 8 seconds every 292 seconds in the first day, then slowly adds air volume of 5% -8% a day, air starts to be exchanged when the axial flow fan 203 runs, the axial flow fan 203 and the driving mechanism 205 work simultaneously, and an air inlet channel and an air outlet channel are opened, so that air exchange work is realized. Along with the difference of external seasons, the mixed gas 5 is correspondingly adjusted, and for the closed poultry house, on the premise of keeping the temperature in the house constant, outdoor high-quality air is obtained through ventilation, so that better growth work of poultry is facilitated.
While embodiments of the utility model have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. A poultry cage for welfare breeding comprises a poultry house (1), wherein a breeding cage (3) is arranged in the poultry house (1), and is characterized in that a stockline (7) and a waterline (8) are arranged in the breeding cage (3), and the stockline (7) and the waterline (8) are respectively connected with an independent mechanism for driving the stockline (7) or the waterline (8) to move in the vertical direction; breed cage (3) below and be provided with excrement area (104) that are used for the poultry to stand, excrement area (104) is connected with excrement belt motor (103), excrement belt motor (103) are used for the drive excrement area (104) rotate, breed cage (3) with excrement area (104) can supply the poultry to take the space of (104) direction of transfer free activity along the excrement around forming, it is provided with out birds passageway (36) to breed cage (3) one side, it is provided with head and the tail baffle (106) that can open to breed one side that cage (3) are close to out birds passageway (36).
2. A folk culture bird cage according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism for driving the stockline (7) to move in the vertical direction comprises a secondary steel wire rope I (72) connected to the stockline (7), the secondary steel wire rope I (72) is connected to a main steel wire rope I (71) through a first pulley (74), one end of the main steel wire rope I (71) is connected to a first driving mechanism, and the other end of the main steel wire rope I (71) is connected to the culture cage (3) through a first spring (75).
3. A folk culture poultry cage according to claim 1, characterized in that the mechanism for driving the waterline (8) to move vertically comprises a secondary wire rope II (82) connected to the waterline (8), the secondary wire rope II (82) is connected to a main wire rope II (81) through a second pulley (84), one end of the main wire rope II (81) is connected to a second driving mechanism, the other end of the main wire rope II (81) is connected to the culture cage (3) through a second spring (85), and the waterline (8) is connected to a nipple (86).
4. A welfare raising poultry cage according to claim 1, characterized in that ventilation means are arranged in the poultry house (1), said ventilation means comprising a wind deflector (2) connected to the poultry house (1), said wind deflector (2) making the poultry house (1) form a mixing space above and a raising space below, said wind deflector (2) comprising a ventilation channel, said ventilation channel being connected to means for driving the ventilation channel to open or close; breed cage (3) and set up breed in the space, be provided with the cold-blast pipeline that supplies cold wind (52) to get into and the mechanism that forms hot-blast (51) in the mixed space, cold wind (52) with hot-blast (51) mix in the mixed space and form mist (5), mist (5) via ventilation channel gets into breed in the space.
5. A Foley poultry raising cage according to claim 4, characterized in that the ventilation channels comprise a plurality of air inlet channels and a plurality of air outlet channels, a glass plate (31) is arranged on one side of the raising cage (3), a plurality of air inlet holes (32) are arranged below the glass plate (31), a cage door (11) is arranged on the other side of the raising cage (3), the air inlet channels are arranged on one side of the glass plate (31), and the air outlet channels are arranged on one side of the cage door (11).
6. A Foley raised poultry cage according to claim 5, characterized in that the air intake channel comprises an air deflector (22), the air deflector (22) being rotatably connected to the air deflector (2), the air deflector (22) closing the air intake channel in an initial state; the wind deflector is characterized in that a secondary steel wire rope (25) is connected to the upper end of the wind deflector (22), a main steel wire rope (28) is arranged in the mixing space, the secondary steel wire rope (25) is connected with the main steel wire rope (28) through a pulley, one end of the main steel wire rope (28) is connected with a driving mechanism (205), and the other end of the main steel wire rope (28) is connected with the wind deflector (2) through a spring (27).
7. A cage for poultry raised according to claim 6, characterised in that the air deflector (22) is of circular arc shape, the air deflector (22) being rotatably connected to the wind deflector (2) by means of a first rotation shaft (23).
8. A Foley poultry farming cage according to claim 5, wherein the air outlet channel comprises a plurality of air outlet plates (201) which are arranged in a matching manner, the air outlet plates (201) are rotatably connected with the wind deflector (2), and in an initial state, the air outlet plates (201) close the air outlet channel; the bottom end of the wind shield (2) is connected with an axial flow fan (203), the axial flow fan (203) is arranged in the culture space, and the wind outlet channel is further connected with a filtering system (4).
9. A Foley raised poultry cage according to claim 8, characterized in that the filtering system (4) further comprises a primary filter (48) arranged in a vertical direction and a secondary filter (49) arranged in a horizontal direction, a spray head (42) is connected above both the primary filter (48) and the secondary filter (49), the secondary filter (49) comprises a plastic water curtain (44), and the filtering system (4) further comprises a circulating water pump (47).
CN202120829843.8U 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Poultry cage is bred to welfare Active CN216392613U (en)

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CN202120829843.8U CN216392613U (en) 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Poultry cage is bred to welfare

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CN202120829843.8U CN216392613U (en) 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Poultry cage is bred to welfare

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