CN216371260U - Five-axis processing machine - Google Patents

Five-axis processing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN216371260U
CN216371260U CN202123146374.9U CN202123146374U CN216371260U CN 216371260 U CN216371260 U CN 216371260U CN 202123146374 U CN202123146374 U CN 202123146374U CN 216371260 U CN216371260 U CN 216371260U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
saddle
axis driving
driving
servo motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202123146374.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周培荣
王苗俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Shengxu Composite Material Co ltd
Original Assignee
Wuxi Shengxu Composite Material Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxi Shengxu Composite Material Co ltd filed Critical Wuxi Shengxu Composite Material Co ltd
Priority to CN202123146374.9U priority Critical patent/CN216371260U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN216371260U publication Critical patent/CN216371260U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a five-axis processing machine, which comprises: the X-axis driving device is characterized in that two sides of the bottom of a cross beam of the X-axis driving device are respectively installed above two sets of second sliding saddles, the two sides of the surface of the lathe bed are respectively provided with a slide rail, the second sliding saddles are installed above the slide rails simultaneously, the cross beam is provided with a Z-axis driving device, the bottom of the Z-axis driving device is provided with five shaft heads, and the electric main shaft is installed on the five shaft heads simultaneously. The five-axis processing machine is driven by the X-axis driving device, the Y-axis driving device and the Z-axis driving device, can realize the movement work of the five-axis heads on the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis, improves the adjusting space of the five-axis heads, is arranged on the spindle box, is provided with the electric spindle arranged on the five-axis heads, and can realize the processing operation of the space five surfaces of the electric spindle by driving the electric spindle to rotate in different directions by the five-axis heads.

Description

Five-axis processing machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of machining, in particular to a five-axis machining machine.
Background
The products manufactured by the plastic uptake process need to be processed subsequently to obtain holes, special-shaped notches and accurate edge sizes; the three-axis engraving machine can process plane characteristics, but the product usually has geometric characteristics in multiple directions and needs to be processed, the product can be processed only by clamping for many times, the efficiency is not high, and the processing precision of the product is influenced after repeated positioning;
the commonly used engraving machine in the market is mainly in a three-axis form, a main shaft can only machine a notch and an edge in one direction along the Z-axis direction, the Z-axis stroke is short, and only a product with a plane structure or a curved surface or a curved shape with small size in the Z-axis direction can be machined.
In view of the above, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The present invention is directed to a five-axis machining apparatus to solve the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, there is provided a five-axis machining apparatus including:
the two sides of the bottom of a cross beam of the X-axis driving device are respectively arranged above the two groups of second sliding saddles, the two sides of the surface of the lathe bed are respectively provided with a slideway, the second sliding saddles are arranged above the slideways, the cross beam is provided with a Z-axis driving device, the bottom of the Z-axis driving device is provided with a five-axis head, and the five-axis head is provided with an electric main shaft;
a second servo motor is arranged on a second saddle of the Y-axis driving device, a slide way is arranged on the lower side of the second saddle, and a second rack and a second guide rail are respectively arranged in the slide way;
and a third saddle of the Z-axis driving device is arranged on the first saddle, and a numerical control device is arranged on the surface of the third saddle.
Preferably, the X-axis driving device includes a cross beam, a first saddle, a first rack, a first guide rail, a first servo motor and a gear, and the first saddle and the Z-axis driving device on the cross beam are in a lateral movement structure.
Preferably, a first rack and a first guide rail are installed on the cross beam, a guide block and a first servo motor are installed on the first saddle respectively, an output shaft of the first servo motor is fixedly connected with a gear, the gear is meshed with the first rack, and the first saddle is connected inside the first guide rail through a sliding block on the first saddle in a sliding mode.
Preferably, the Y-axis driving device includes a second saddle, a second servo motor, a slide, a second rack and a second guide rail, the second saddle is provided with the second servo motor and a guide block, an output shaft of the second servo motor is fixedly connected with the gear, the second servo motor is engaged with the second rack through the gear thereon, and the second saddle is slidably connected inside the second guide rail through a slider thereon.
Preferably, the Z-axis driving device comprises a five-shaft head, an electric main shaft, a third saddle and a numerical control device, and the driving mode of the Z-axis driving device is the same as that of the X-axis driving device and that of the Y-axis driving device.
Preferably, the lathe bed is formed by combining and screwing channel steel, the workbench on the surface of the lathe bed is in a net shape, a head machined part covers the workbench, and the five-axis head is arranged on the upper side of the machined part.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: the five-shaft head can move on the X axis, the Y axis and the Z axis under the driving of the X axis driving device, the Y axis driving device and the Z axis driving device, the adjusting space of the five-shaft head is improved, meanwhile, the five-shaft head is installed on the spindle box, the electric spindle is installed on the five-shaft head, the five-shaft head is provided with the electric spindle to rotate in different directions, and the processing operation of the space five surfaces of the electric spindle can be realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a three-dimensional view of the utility model shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the utility model at B in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the point A in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a three-dimensional view of a bed of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the present invention in FIG. 1;
fig. 8 is a rear view of the structure of fig. 1 according to the present invention.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. an X-axis drive device; 11. a cross beam; 12. a first saddle; 13. a first rack; 14. a first guide rail; 15. a first servo motor; 16. a gear; 2. a Y-axis drive device; 21. a second saddle; 22. a second servo motor; 23. a slideway; 24. a second rack; 25. a second guide rail; 3. a Z-axis drive device; 31. five shaft heads; 32. an electric spindle; 33. a third saddle; 34. a numerical control device; 4. a lathe bed.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a five-axis machining apparatus, including: an X-axis driving device 1, a Y-axis driving device 2 and a Z-axis driving device 3;
the two sides of the bottom of a cross beam 11 of the X-axis driving device 1 are respectively arranged above the two groups of second saddles 21, the two sides of the surface of the lathe bed 4 are respectively provided with a slideway 23, the second saddles 21 are arranged above the slideways 23, the cross beam 11 is provided with a Z-axis driving device 3, the bottom of the Z-axis driving device 3 is provided with a five-axis head 31, and the five-axis head 31 is provided with an electric main shaft 32;
a second servo motor 22 is installed on a second saddle 21 of the Y-axis driving device 2, a slide rail 23 is arranged on the lower side of the second saddle 21, and a second rack 24 and a second guide rail 25 are respectively installed inside the slide rail 23;
the third saddle 33 of the Z-axis drive device 3 is mounted on the first saddle 12, and a numerical control device 34 is mounted on the surface of the third saddle 33.
Under the drive of the X-axis driving device 1, the Y-axis driving device 2 and the Z-axis driving device 3, the five-axis head 31 can move on the X-axis, the Y-axis and the Z-axis, the adjusting space of the five-axis head 31 is improved, meanwhile, the five-axis head 31 is installed on a spindle box, the electric spindle 32 is installed on the five-axis head 31, the five-axis head 31 drives the electric spindle 32 to rotate in different directions, and the processing operation of the space five surfaces of the electric spindle 32 can be achieved.
As a preferred embodiment, the X-axis driving device 1 includes a cross beam 11, a first saddle 12, a first rack 13, a first guide rail 14, a first servo motor 15 and a gear 16, and the first saddle 12 and the Z-axis driving device 3 on the cross beam 11 are in a lateral moving structure.
As shown in fig. 1-7: the X-axis drive device 1 operates in the following manner: the switch of the first servo motor 15 is started, the first servo motor 15 drives the gear 16 to rotate, the purpose that the first saddle 12 moves on the cross beam 11 is achieved, and therefore the purpose that the five-shaft head 31 moves on the X axis is achieved.
In a preferred embodiment, the cross beam 11 is provided with a first rack 13 and a first guide rail 14, the first saddle 12 is provided with a guide block and a first servo motor 15, respectively, an output shaft of the first servo motor 15 is fixedly connected with a gear 16, the gear 16 is engaged with the first rack 13, and the first saddle 12 is slidably connected inside the first guide rail 14 through a slider thereon.
As a preferred embodiment, the Y-axis driving device 2 includes a second saddle 21, a second servo motor 22, a slideway 23, a second rack 24 and a second guide rail 25, and the second saddle 21 is respectively mounted with the second servo motor 22 and a guide block, while an output shaft of the second servo motor 22 is fixedly connected with the gear 16, the second servo motor 22 is engaged with the second rack 24 through the gear 16 thereon, and the second saddle 21 is slidably connected inside the second guide rail 25 through a slider thereon.
As shown in fig. 1-7: the Y-axis driving device 2 operates in the following manner: starting a switch of a second servo motor 22, wherein the second servo motor 22 drives a gear 16 to rotate, and the gear 16 is meshed with a second rack 24; the second saddle 21 is moved on the slide rail 23, and the fifth-axis head 31 is moved on the Y-axis.
In a preferred embodiment, the Z-axis driving device 3 includes a five-axis head 31, an electric spindle 32, a third saddle 33 and a numerical control device 34, and the driving method of the Z-axis driving device 3 is the same as the driving method of the X-axis driving device 1 and the driving method of the Y-axis driving device 2.
As shown in fig. 2-7: the moving mode of the Z-axis driving device 3 is consistent with that of the Y-axis driving device 2, and the arrangement of the Z-axis driving device 3 achieves the purpose that the five-axis head 31 moves on the Z axis.
As a preferred embodiment, the lathe bed 4 is formed by combining and screwing channel steels mutually, and the worktable on the surface of the lathe bed 4 is in a net shape, and simultaneously, a head machined part is covered on the worktable, and the five-axis head 31 is arranged on the upper side of the machined part.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A five-axis machine tool, comprising:
the X-axis driving device (1), two sides of the bottom of a cross beam (11) of the X-axis driving device (1) are respectively installed above two groups of second sliding saddles (21), two sides of the surface of the lathe bed (4) are respectively provided with a sliding way (23), the second sliding saddles (21) are installed above the sliding ways (23), the cross beam (11) is provided with a Z-axis driving device (3), the bottom of the Z-axis driving device (3) is provided with a five-shaft head (31), and the five-shaft head (31) is provided with an electric main shaft (32);
a second servo motor (22) is installed on a second saddle (21) of the Y-axis driving device (2), a slide way (23) is arranged on the lower side of the second saddle (21), and a second rack (24) and a second guide rail (25) are installed inside the slide way (23) respectively;
and the third saddle (33) of the Z-axis driving device (3) is arranged on the first saddle (12), and the surface of the third saddle (33) is provided with a numerical control device (34).
2. The five-axis machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the X-axis driving device (1) comprises a cross beam (11), a first saddle (12), a first rack (13), a first guide rail (14), a first servo motor (15) and a gear (16), and the first saddle (12) and the Z-axis driving device (3) on the cross beam (11) are of a transverse moving structure.
3. The five-axis machine tool of claim 2, wherein: the beam (11) is provided with a first rack (13) and a first guide rail (14), the first saddle (12) is provided with a guide block and a first servo motor (15), an output shaft of the first servo motor (15) is fixedly connected with a gear (16), the gear (16) is meshed with the first rack (13), and the first saddle (12) is connected inside the first guide rail (14) through a sliding block on the first saddle.
4. The five-axis machine tool of claim 1, wherein: y axle drive arrangement (2) include second saddle (21), second servo motor (22), slide (23), second rack (24) and second guide rail (25), and install second servo motor (22) and guide block on second saddle (21) respectively, and the output shaft and gear (16) fixed connection of second servo motor (22) simultaneously, gear (16) and second rack (24) meshing on second servo motor (22) through it, inside second guide rail (25) are connected through the slider sliding connection on second saddle (21).
5. The five-axis machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the Z-axis driving device (3) comprises a five-shaft head (31), an electric main shaft (32), a third saddle (33) and a numerical control device (34), and the driving modes of the Z-axis driving device (3) are consistent with those of the X-axis driving device (1) and the Y-axis driving device (2).
6. The five-axis machine tool of claim 1, wherein: the lathe bed (4) is formed by combining and screwing channel steel, the workbench on the surface of the lathe bed (4) is in a net shape, a head machined part covers the workbench, and the five-axis head (31) is arranged on the upper side of the machined part.
CN202123146374.9U 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Five-axis processing machine Active CN216371260U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123146374.9U CN216371260U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Five-axis processing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123146374.9U CN216371260U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Five-axis processing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216371260U true CN216371260U (en) 2022-04-26

Family

ID=81223885

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123146374.9U Active CN216371260U (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Five-axis processing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216371260U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102161159B (en) Vertical-horizontal combined machining centre
CN2686796Y (en) Vertical-horizontal high-speed boring-milling machine tool
CN203316803U (en) Four-shaft linkage numerical control engraving and milling machine
CN103350343B (en) The numerical control gantry vertical that a kind of tool magazine and main shaft are compounded in saddle crouches Compositions of metal-working machines
CN108311904B (en) Five-axis composite machining center of horizontal cradle structure
CN201951138U (en) Four-axis three-dimensional engraving machine
CN104942548A (en) Automatic production technology and production line for tile covers
CN202037447U (en) Vertical machining center with fixed worktable
CN106736630B (en) Pentahedron processing machine
CN202517093U (en) Two-column mobile multi-cutter head numerical control planer type milling machine
CN102848030B (en) Machine tool for machining helical bevel gear
CN204954369U (en) Tile lid automatic production line
CN204035652U (en) Vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines
CN216371260U (en) Five-axis processing machine
CN205651075U (en) Longmen machining center
CN211589618U (en) One-time grinding processing grinding machine for slide block raceway and slide block side surface
CN209938171U (en) General engraving machine
CN2761395Y (en) Processing machine of wood working dovetail groove
CN202062247U (en) Horizontal type processing center with fixed worktable
CN203526968U (en) Ram gantry machining center with four linear guide rails
CN111496305A (en) Overhead efficient five-axis numerical control milling machine
CN209157673U (en) Work pieces process deburring all-in-one machine
CN111360302A (en) Ox hair style is simple and easy five high-efficient numerically controlled fraise machine
CN204997458U (en) Duplex head multipurpose lathe
KR20090032675A (en) Cnc machine tool having a sliding member movable at a high speed

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant