CN216347775U - Breathable tank structure of tank furnace - Google Patents

Breathable tank structure of tank furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216347775U
CN216347775U CN202122512541.0U CN202122512541U CN216347775U CN 216347775 U CN216347775 U CN 216347775U CN 202122512541 U CN202122512541 U CN 202122512541U CN 216347775 U CN216347775 U CN 216347775U
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Prior art keywords
brick
tank
exhaust duct
furnace
bricks
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CN202122512541.0U
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陈宁
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GUIYANG ALUMINUM MAGNESIUM DESIGN & RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
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GUIYANG ALUMINUM MAGNESIUM DESIGN & RESEARCH INSTITUTE CO LTD
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an air-permeable tank structure of a tank furnace, which consists of a tank body, a lower cushion brick and an exhaust channel brick, wherein a cavity formed by the combination of the exhaust channel bricks becomes a brand-new exhaust channel, and all masonry materials are made of refractory silica bricks. The lower cushion brick and the exhaust duct brick are built from bottom to top to form a wall body which is respectively embedded into two ends of the inner part of the middle upper section of the tank body and clamped by the staggered platforms in the tank. The utility model has the advantages of simple manufacture, low implementation cost, high efficiency, quick discharge of volatile matters, stable service performance, long service life, guaranteed product quality and capacity and low operation and maintenance cost.

Description

Breathable tank structure of tank furnace
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a production device of a pot-type carbon calciner in carbon production, in particular to a pot-type furnace body ventilation structure.
Background
At present, the carbon production process requires the carbon raw material to be calcined in a tank furnace, and combustible volatile components contained in the raw material are adopted as fuel, so that the energy conservation and the environmental protection are facilitated.
In the prior art, the utility model patent with the publication number of CN107764050A discloses a pot-type calcining furnace in the field of carbon production, and particularly relates to a preheating air vertical channel structure of the pot-type carbon calcining furnace. The utility model provides a pot-type carbon calciner preheated air erects way structure, be equipped with the preheated air main road in the stove brickwork of stove front wall, flue branch road and flame path branch road, preheated air main road and flame path branch road one end intercommunication, the flame path branch road other end is equipped with preheated air flame path distribution hole, preheated air flame path distribution hole is through advancing flame hole and flame path intercommunication, the junction at preheated air main road and flame path branch road is connected to the one end of flue branch road, be equipped with preheated air flue distribution hole at the preheated air flue branch road other end, preheated air flue distribution hole is established at the flue top, the intercommunication flue is established in the outside of stove brickwork.
The utility model patent with publication number CN102745671A discloses a pot-type carbon calciner, belonging to a calciner for carbon production. The pot-type carbon calciner is characterized in that every four calcining pots and furnace walls with heating flame paths positioned on two sides of a pot body form a combustion chamber, expansion joints and a collecting flue are arranged among the combustion chambers, the furnace walls with the heating flame paths are provided with 8-10 layers of flame paths, the flame paths are communicated with a preheating air path, the calcining pot body is connected with a discharging pot, an interlayer cooling water jacket is arranged on the periphery of the discharging pot, the whole calciner consists of 72 calcining pots of 18 combustion chambers arranged in a straight line, a furnace protecting large knife rest is arranged on the outer side of a front wall of the calciner, a furnace protecting frame is arranged on the outer side of a rear wall, the bottom of the combustion chamber is supported by a furnace bottom support, the top of the calcining pot body is provided with a charging opening, the bottom of the calcining pot body is connected with a discharging pot, the interlayer cooling water jacket is arranged on the outer side of the discharging pot, a discharging machine is arranged at the lower end of the discharging pot, and a small storage bin is arranged between the discharging machine and the discharging valve. Realizes the bidirectional utilization of volatile matters, realizes full-automatic closed continuous discharge, and has good economic benefit and environmental benefit.
In the prior art, indirect heating is generally adopted outside a tank body, and volatile matters are completely introduced into a flame path from an opening at the upper part of the tank body for combustion after being heated. The drawbacks of this structure are: 1. the resistance of the material layer is too large, particularly materials in the center of the tank can be heated to the temperature at which volatile components are completely released only when reaching the height position of 6 layers of flame paths or even below, and then the separated volatile components can enter an outlet at the top of the tank only when overcoming the material resistance at the height position of 6 layers of flame paths, so that the volatile components are difficult to discharge, and the calcining quality and the calcining capacity are influenced; 2. in the process of upward passing through the material layer, the volatile matters difficult to release are repeatedly condensed after encountering cold materials, so that the heat transfer burden is increased, and the phenomena of material coking, material bridging and the like are caused, so that potential safety hazards are caused; 3. the material hinders and leads to the malleation too big in the jar, and the updraft is obstructed, and partial volatiles flows down, and at water jacket, row of material machine, the jigging conveyer position below 7, 8 layers flame path height, meet the air emergence blasting phenomenon that leaks into to influence safety in production.
Obviously, the tank body structure and the exhaust method of the existing tank furnace are not ideal.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to: the ventilating tank structure of the tank furnace has the advantages of simple manufacture, low implementation cost, high efficiency, quick volatile component discharge, stable service performance, long service life, guaranteed product quality and capacity and low operation and maintenance cost.
The technical scheme of the utility model is as follows: the air-permeable tank body structure is composed of a tank body, a lower cushion brick and an exhaust channel brick, a cavity formed by the combination of the exhaust channel bricks becomes a brand-new exhaust channel, and all masonry materials are made of refractory silica bricks. The lower cushion brick and the exhaust duct brick are built from bottom to top to form a wall body which is respectively embedded into two ends of the inner part of the middle upper section of the tank body and clamped by the staggered platforms in the tank.
The tank body main body is of a traditional rectangular tank body structure and is formed by combining a plurality of special-shaped bricks with mortises; in the areas where the arc-shaped bricks are located at two ends of the middle upper part of the tank body, a slab staggering space is reserved on the inner side, and the slab staggering depth is 5-15 mm; the two ends of the bottom of the tank body are of thick solid structures and are used as supports for the embedded bricks on the middle upper part.
As a further preferred scheme, the lower cushion brick is a rectangular solid brick (with two-corner arc transition) masonry and is embedded into staggered platforms at two ends of the middle section in the tank body; the bricks are used as the transition of the silica brick tank body, and are built upwards from a solid support platform of a clay brick section at the lower part of the tank body, the height of the bricks is about 1000-2000 mm, and the bricks are roughly positioned at the height positions of the flame paths from the 7 th layer to the 8 th layer.
As a further preferred scheme, the contour of the exhaust duct brick is consistent with that of the lower cushion brick, and the exhaust duct brick is laid right above the lower cushion brick(ii) a The center of the exhaust passage brick is provided with a long round through hole with the specification of (200-300 mm) x (30-80 mm), and the internal flow cross section of the exhaust passage brick is about 0.01-0.02 m2After combined building, an exhaust channel is formed to reach the tank top; a flat channel is reserved on the top (or bottom) surface of each exhaust channel brick, each seam is 200-360 mm long, 5-30 mm high and 50-100 mm apart, and the flat channel is an airflow collecting channel for materials at the height of each layer of brick.
When the device normally operates, the materials in the tank are heated to separate out combustible volatile matters, and part of airflow upwards passes through the materials to reach the top of the tank; the rest airflow passes through the airflow collecting flat channels of each layer and transversely reaches the exhaust channels at the two ends of the tank body and then reaches the top of the tank. Therefore, even if the volatile components are at the flame path height of the 6 th layer (even the 8 th layer), the volatile components can still be easily discharged upwards through the exhaust channel, and the materials in the tank cannot enter the exhaust channel.
Compared with the prior art, the structure has the advantages of simple construction, lower implementation cost, high efficiency, quick volatile component discharge, stable service performance, long service life, guaranteed product quality and capacity, high heat energy utilization rate and low operation and maintenance cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional elevation view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side cross-sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic plan sectional view of the present invention.
The labels in the figures are: 1-tank body, 2-lower part cushion brick and 3-exhaust channel brick.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
Example 1:
the structure of the air-permeable tank body is shown in figure 1, all the air-permeable tank body is built by adopting silica bricks, and all brick joints are full of slurry; the main body of the tank body 1 is of a traditional rectangular tank body structure and is formed by combining a plurality of special-shaped bricks with mortises, staggered platform spaces are reserved on the inner sides of areas where arc-shaped bricks are located at two ends of the middle upper part of the tank body, and the staggered platform depth is 10 mm; the lower cushion brick 2 is a rectangular solid brick (with two-angle arc transition) masonry and clampIn the staggered platforms at two ends in the tank body 1, the height of the clay brick section at the lower part of the tank body 1 is 1768mm, and the clay brick section is approximately positioned at the height position of the flame path from the 7 th layer to the 8 th layer; the exhaust duct brick 3 is positioned right above the lower cushion brick 2, a long round through hole is arranged in the middle of the exhaust duct brick, the specification is 300mmx50mm, and the internal flow cross section is about 0.015m2After combined building, an exhaust channel is formed to reach the tank top; 2 flat channels are reserved on the top surface of each exhaust duct brick 3, the specification is 110mmx20mm, and the distance is 68 mm.
When the device normally operates, the materials in the tank are heated to separate out combustible volatile, and part of the materials pass through the top of the tank; the rest airflow transversely reaches the exhaust channels at the two ends of the tank body 1 through the flat airflow collecting channels of the layers and then reaches the top of the tank, and the materials in the tank cannot enter the exhaust channels.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes in the embodiments and/or modifications of the utility model can be made, and equivalents and modifications of some features of the utility model can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a pot-type stove ventilative type tank structure which characterized in that: the exhaust duct brick comprises a tank body (1), a lower cushion brick (2) and an exhaust duct brick (3), wherein a cavity formed by combining the exhaust duct brick (3) becomes a brand-new exhaust duct, and the tank body (1), the lower cushion brick (2) and the exhaust duct brick (3) are made of refractory silica bricks; and the lower cushion bricks (2) and the exhaust duct bricks (3) are built from bottom to top to form a wall body, are respectively embedded into two ends of the inner part of the upper section in the tank body (1), and are blocked by staggered platforms in the tank body.
2. The can furnace permeable-type can body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the areas where the arc-shaped bricks are located at two ends of the middle upper part of the tank body (1), a slab staggering space is reserved on the inner side, and the slab staggering depth is 5-15 mm; the two ends of the bottom of the tank body (1) are of solid structures and are used as supports for embedding bricks at the middle upper part.
3. The can furnace permeable-type can body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: lower part pad brick (2) are the solid brick brickwork of rectangle, are equipped with the transition of two angle circular arcs, lower part pad brick (2) imbed in the wrong platform at middle section both ends in jar body (1).
4. The can furnace permeable-type can body structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: the shape and contour of the exhaust duct brick (3) are consistent with those of the lower cushion brick (2), and the exhaust duct brick is laid right above the lower cushion brick (2).
5. The can furnace permeable-type can body structure according to claim 4, wherein: a long round through hole is arranged in the center of the exhaust channel brick (3), and an exhaust channel is formed to reach the tank top after the combination and the building; a flat channel is reserved on the top or the bottom of each exhaust duct brick (3).
CN202122512541.0U 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 Breathable tank structure of tank furnace Active CN216347775U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122512541.0U CN216347775U (en) 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 Breathable tank structure of tank furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122512541.0U CN216347775U (en) 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 Breathable tank structure of tank furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216347775U true CN216347775U (en) 2022-04-19

Family

ID=81177946

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122512541.0U Active CN216347775U (en) 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 Breathable tank structure of tank furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216347775U (en)

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