CN216305145U - Prefabricated column for assembly type building - Google Patents

Prefabricated column for assembly type building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216305145U
CN216305145U CN202121986324.9U CN202121986324U CN216305145U CN 216305145 U CN216305145 U CN 216305145U CN 202121986324 U CN202121986324 U CN 202121986324U CN 216305145 U CN216305145 U CN 216305145U
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prefabricated
precast
column
brackets
anchor
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CN202121986324.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵丹
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Sanneng Integrated Housing Co Ltd
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Sanneng Integrated Housing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a prefabricated column for an assembly type building, which comprises a column body, wherein a first anchor plate (11) is embedded in the bottom of the column body, and a plurality of first connecting holes (12) connected with a foundation (6) are reserved on the first anchor plate. And a first hand hole (13) is reserved at the bottom of the column body corresponding to the position of the first connecting hole. And brackets (14) for connecting the precast beams (2) are integrally formed on the column body. The utility model has simple production and manufacture, quick assembly and can greatly save the construction cost.

Description

Prefabricated column for assembly type building
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an assembly type building, in particular to a prefabricated column for the assembly type building.
Background
Chinese patent CN209538376U discloses an assembled vestibule, original building body and install the connection between the elevator additional when it is used for the building body to install the elevator additional, just the assembled vestibule includes precast concrete component, first pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece and the pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece of second, and the one end of first pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece and the pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece of second is buried underground respectively at precast concrete component's both ends, and the tip that precast concrete component was stretched out to the other end of first pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece is connected with installing the elevator girder steel additional, and the tip that precast concrete component was stretched out to the other end of the pre-buried steel sheet connecting piece of second is connected with original building body ladder beam. The assembly type corridor has the advantages of simple construction process, short construction period, reasonable stress, energy conservation, environmental protection and the like, but the assembly type corridor needs the original building body and the support additionally provided with the elevator beams, is only suitable for corridor construction with short length, and has very limited application range.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that the existing fabricated corridor still needs to be supported by means of a site building structure and is not suitable for long-distance building.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an assembly type is prefabricated post for building, includes the cylinder, the pre-buried first anchor slab in bottom of cylinder, reserve a plurality of first connecting holes of being connected with the basis on the first anchor slab.
According to the utility model, the first anchor plate is pre-embedded at the bottom of the prefabricated column, and the first anchor plate is provided with the plurality of first connecting holes connected with the foundation, so that the first screw rod can be pre-embedded on the foundation, and then the first screw rod passes through the first connecting holes on the first anchor plate and is locked by the first nut, so that the installation of the prefabricated column can be realized, the installation process of the whole prefabricated column is simple, and the connection with the foundation is reliable.
In order to conveniently screw in and fasten the first nut, a first hand hole is reserved at the position, corresponding to the first connecting hole, of the bottom of the column body.
In order to facilitate the installation of the precast beam, brackets for connecting the precast beam are integrally formed on the column body.
In order to meet the requirements of the multi-layer structure of the fabricated building, a plurality of brackets are arranged on the column body along the height direction of the column body. Preferably, a plurality of the brackets are arranged on the column at the same height, and the distance between the brackets is equal to the layer height.
For simplifying being connected of prefabricated post and precast beam, the pre-buried second anchor slab of tip of bracket, reserve a plurality of second connecting holes of being connected with the precast beam on the second anchor slab for the second screw rod of second connecting hole and the second nut realization of lock solid second screw rod are worn to establish to precast beam and precast post's the accessible of being connected.
For the convenience is twisted and is fastened the second nut, the tip of bracket corresponds the position of second connecting hole sets up the second hand hole.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
the prefabricated column for the prefabricated building is simple to produce and manufacture, rapid to install, small in influence on site construction and capable of greatly saving construction cost.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a three-dimensional structural view of a prefabricated column according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the first layer structure of the prefabricated column.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the bottom structure of the prefabricated column.
Fig. 4 is a three-dimensional structural view of the precast beam of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a three-dimensional structural view of the precast floor slab of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a three-dimensional structural view of the prefabricated top panel of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a three-dimensional structural view of a prefabricated cover panel according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a structural view of a prefabricated column and a foundation connection node.
Fig. 9 is a structural view of a connection node of a precast column and a precast beam.
Fig. 10 is a structural view of a prefabricated column and prefabricated floor slab connection node.
Fig. 11 is a structural diagram of a connection node of a prefabricated column, a prefabricated top plate and a prefabricated cover plate.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of prefabricated column installation.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of an installation structure of the precast column and the precast beam of the second floor.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of the installation of a second floor precast slab.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the installation of a third layer of precast floor slabs.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the top precast beam installation.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view of the installation of the top prefabricated roof panel.
Fig. 18 is a three-dimensional block diagram of a fully assembled vestibule of the present invention (installation of prefabricated cover panels).
Detailed Description
The utility model is further described below with reference to specific preferred embodiments, without thereby limiting the scope of protection of the utility model.
For convenience of description, the relative positional relationship of the components, such as: the descriptions of the upper, lower, left, right, etc. are described with reference to the layout directions of the drawings in the specification, and do not limit the structure of the present patent.
As shown in fig. 17, an embodiment of the fully-assembled corridor of the utility model includes a plurality of precast columns 1, a plurality of precast beams 2, a plurality of precast floor slabs 3, a plurality of precast roof slabs 4 and a plurality of precast cover plates 5, wherein each precast column 1 is arranged in pairs and in a group at equal intervals along the length direction of the corridor, each group of precast columns is connected through the precast beams 2, two ends of each precast floor slab 3 are lapped on the precast beams 2, the precast roof slabs 3 on the top layer adopt the precast roof slabs 4, and the top of the splicing seams of the adjacent precast roof slabs 4 are covered with the precast cover plates 5.
As shown in fig. 1-3, 8 and 9, the prefabricated column 1 includes a column body, a first anchor plate 11 is embedded in the bottom of the column body, first connection holes 12 are reserved at four corners of the first anchor plate 11, and the first connection holes 12 are respectively arranged corresponding to first screws 61 embedded in the foundation 6. The position that the cylinder bottom of prefabricated post 1 corresponds first connecting hole 12 sets up first hand hole 13 for first screw rod 61 passes first anchor slab 11 back installation first nut 8. A bracket 14 is arranged at the position, connected with the precast beam 2, of each precast column 1, a second anchor plate 15 is embedded at the end part of the bracket 14, second connecting holes 16 are reserved at four corner parts of the second anchor plate 15, and a second hand hole 17 is arranged at the position, corresponding to the second connecting holes 16, of the end part of the bracket 14. The second hand hole 17 is used for installing the second nut 10 after the second screw 9 passes through the second anchor plate 15. During installation, the brackets 14 of the two prefabricated columns 1 in each group of prefabricated columns are arranged oppositely, so that the prefabricated beams 2 can be conveniently connected through the second anchor plates 15. In this embodiment, a plurality of corbels 14 are equidistantly arranged on the prefabricated column 1 along the height direction of the prefabricated column, and the distance between the adjacent corbels 14 is equal to the height of the corridor.
As shown in fig. 4, 9-11, third anchor plates 21 are embedded in two end portions of the precast beam 2, and third connection holes 22 are reserved at four corners of the third anchor plates 21. And third hand holes 23 are respectively formed in the positions, corresponding to the third connecting holes 22, of the two end parts of the precast beam 2, and are used for installing second nuts 10 after the second screw rods 9 penetrate through the third anchor plates 21. Two rows of extending steel bars 24 fixedly connected with the prefabricated floor slab 3 or the prefabricated top plate 4 are reserved on the beam surface of the prefabricated beam 2.
As shown in fig. 5, fourth connection holes 31 are reserved at two ends of the precast floor slab 3, and the fourth connection holes 31 are arranged corresponding to the protruding reinforcing bars 24 on the precast girders 2. The four corners of precast floor slab 3 set up respectively and let position portion 32 to when the vestibule assembly, precast floor slab 3 can laminate with the side of precast column 1.
As shown in fig. 6, two sides of the precast top panel 4 are respectively provided with a convex reverse sill 41, a fifth connecting hole 42 is reserved on each reverse sill 41, and the fifth connecting hole 42 is arranged corresponding to the protruding reinforcing steel bar 24 on the precast beam 2.
As shown in fig. 7, the prefabricated cover plate 5 has a U-shaped cross section, and the prefabricated cover plate 5 is reversely buckled on the mutually spliced reversed ridges 41 of the two adjacent prefabricated top plates 4, and is used for waterproofing together with the reversed ridges 41.
As shown in fig. 12-17, the installation method of the fully-assembled vestibule of the present invention includes the following steps:
s1: pouring a foundation 6 of the corridor on site, pre-burying a first screw 61 in the foundation 6 according to the installation requirement of the precast column 1, extending the upper end of the first screw 61 out of the top surface of the foundation 6, and screwing a leveling nut 7 into the extending end of the first screw 61;
s2: installation of the prefabricated column 1: correspondingly sleeving a first connecting hole 12 on a first anchor plate 11 of the prefabricated column 1 on a first screw 61 pre-embedded on a foundation 6, placing the first anchor plate 11 on a leveling nut 7, adjusting the verticality of the prefabricated column 1 through the leveling nut 7 on the first screw 61, and screwing a first nut 8 on the first screw 61 by means of a first hand hole 13 to fix the prefabricated column 1;
s3: installing the precast beam 2: respectively corresponding third anchor plates 21 at two ends of the precast beam 2 to second anchor plates 15 on brackets 14 on corresponding precast columns 1, penetrating second screw rods 9 through second connecting holes 16 on the second anchor plates 15 and third connecting holes 22 on the third anchor plates 21, and then respectively connecting and fixing two ends of the second screw rods 9 in third hand holes 23 of the precast beam 2 and second hand holes 17 of the precast columns 1 by using second nuts 10;
s4: installing a first layer of prefabricated floor slab 3: firstly, laying a layer of high-strength mortar on the beam surface of a precast beam 2, then respectively lapping two ends of a precast floor slab 3 on one precast beam 2, correspondingly sleeving a fourth connecting hole 31 on the precast floor slab 3 on an extending reinforcing steel bar 24 on the precast beam 2, and filling the fourth connecting hole 31 and a splicing seam of the adjacent precast floor slabs 3 with the high-strength mortar;
s5: repeating the steps S3 and S4 to install the precast beams 2 and the precast floor slabs 3 of other layers, wherein the precast floor slab 3 at the top layer adopts a precast top slab 4;
s6: after the prefabricated top plate 4 is installed and the fifth connecting hole 42 of the prefabricated top plate 4 is filled with high-strength mortar, a layer of mortar is laid on the reversed ridge surface layer of the prefabricated top plate 4, and then the prefabricated cover plate 5 is installed on the reversed ridge 41 of the adjacent prefabricated top plate 4.
Note: for a corridor with large span or other similar projects, design brackets can be considered in four directions of the precast columns 1 and are used for connecting precast beams 2 at different positions in a horizontal direction and a vertical direction.
The above description is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and those skilled in the art can make many possible variations and modifications to the technical solution of the present invention or modify equivalent embodiments using the technical content disclosed above without departing from the technical solution of the present invention. Therefore, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the technical scheme of the present invention, unless the technical spirit of the present invention departs from the content of the technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an assembled prefabricated post for building, includes the cylinder, its characterized in that, pre-buried first anchor slab (11) in bottom of cylinder, reserve first connecting hole (12) a plurality of being connected with basis (6) on the first anchor slab, the bottom of cylinder corresponds first hand hole (13) are reserved to the position of first connecting hole, follow a plurality of brackets (14) that are used for connecting precast beam (2) of cylinder direction of height integrated into one piece on the cylinder.
2. The prefabricated column for a fabricated building of claim 1, wherein a plurality of the brackets are disposed on the column body at the same height, and a spacing between the brackets is equal to a story height.
3. The prefabricated column for assembled buildings according to claim 1, wherein a second anchor plate (15) is embedded in the end of the bracket, and a plurality of second connecting holes (16) connected with the prefabricated beam are reserved in the second anchor plate.
4. The fabricated column for a fabricated building according to claim 3, wherein a second hand hole (17) is provided at an end of the corbel at a position corresponding to the second coupling hole.
CN202121986324.9U 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 Prefabricated column for assembly type building Active CN216305145U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121986324.9U CN216305145U (en) 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 Prefabricated column for assembly type building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121986324.9U CN216305145U (en) 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 Prefabricated column for assembly type building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216305145U true CN216305145U (en) 2022-04-15

Family

ID=81088275

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121986324.9U Active CN216305145U (en) 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 Prefabricated column for assembly type building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216305145U (en)

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