CN216156867U - Building external wall insulation structure - Google Patents

Building external wall insulation structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216156867U
CN216156867U CN202122102916.6U CN202122102916U CN216156867U CN 216156867 U CN216156867 U CN 216156867U CN 202122102916 U CN202122102916 U CN 202122102916U CN 216156867 U CN216156867 U CN 216156867U
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layer
wall
building
light steel
insulation
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CN202122102916.6U
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张春惠
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Dezhou Tianyuan Group Co ltd
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Shandong Huayu University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of buildings, and particularly relates to a building external wall heat-insulation structure which comprises a building wall body, wherein a light steel keel is arranged on one side of the building wall body, a water-blocking moisture-proof layer is laid in an interlayer between the light steel keel and the building wall body, an insulating layer is fixed on the outer layer of the light steel keel, a structure reinforcing layer is fixed on the outer layer of the insulating layer, a fixing plate is arranged in the middle of the structure reinforcing layer, and steel frames with triangular structures are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the fixing plate; an adhesive layer is bonded on the outer layer of the structural reinforcing layer, and an outer wall functional layer, a heat preservation protective layer and an outer wall decorative layer are sequentially arranged on the outer layer of the adhesive layer; building outer wall insulation construction sets up for the level, and the building outer wall function that the multilayer stack was built is various, can improve the thermal insulation performance and the stable in structure performance of building outer wall, can promote the whole fire prevention moisture resistance of building outer wall to some extent simultaneously, has prolonged the life of building outer wall.

Description

Building external wall insulation structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of buildings, in particular to a building external wall heat insulation structure.
Background
The building is a general name of buildings and structures, is an artificial environment created by using the grasped material technical means and applying certain scientific laws, wind and water concepts and aesthetic rules in order to meet the needs of social life of people, and a heat insulation structure needs to be installed outside a building wall body in order to ensure indoor temperature during building construction.
The prior art has the following problems:
most insulation construction for building on the existing market's the heat preservation number of piles is comparatively single, and the heat preservation effect is general, and the safeguard function nature of outer wall is less, and the moisture resistance that blocks water is relatively poor, and inside moisture easily penetrated the outer wall, caused destruction to the outer wall structure, influence the outer wall life-span, be not convenient for use for a long time.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Objects of the utility model
In order to solve the technical problems in the background art, the utility model provides a building outer wall heat insulation structure which can improve the heat insulation performance and the structural stability of a building outer wall, improve the overall fireproof and moistureproof performance of the building outer wall and prolong the service life of the building outer wall.
(II) technical scheme
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a building external wall heat-insulation structure which comprises a building wall body, wherein a light steel keel is arranged on one side of the building wall body, a water-blocking moisture-proof layer is laid in an interlayer between the light steel keel and the building wall body, an insulating layer is fixed on the outer layer of the light steel keel, a structure reinforcing layer is fixed on the outer layer of the insulating layer, a fixing plate is arranged in the middle of the structure reinforcing layer, and steel frames with triangular structures are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the fixing plate;
an adhesive layer is bonded on the outer layer of the structural reinforcing layer, and an outer wall functional layer, a heat preservation protective layer and an outer wall decorative layer are sequentially arranged on the outer layer of the adhesive layer;
the outer wall functional layer comprises a fireproof flame-retardant layer, a buffer layer and a sound insulation layer, wherein the buffer layer is arranged in a gap between the fireproof flame-retardant layer and the sound insulation layer;
the heat-insulating protective layer comprises a polystyrene foam board, a glass fiber layer and a foamed polyurethane board which are laminated from inside to outside.
Preferably, calcium chloride particles are filled in the water-blocking moisture-proof layer, and epoxy polyester adhesive is filled in the insulating layer.
Preferably, the middle part of buffer layer is provided with the locating plate, the locating plate is attached fire prevention fire-retardant layer with the buffer sponge is installed respectively to the terminal surface of puigging.
Preferably, the polystyrene foam board, the glass fiber layer and the foamed polyurethane board are bonded and fixed, and the other end face of the polystyrene foam board is connected to the sound insulation layer.
Preferably, the heat preservation inoxidizing coating includes flexible water proof putty layer and ultraviolet shielding layer, flexible water proof putty layer is scribbled the skin of foaming polyurethane board, just install on the flexible water proof putty layer the ultraviolet shielding layer.
The technical scheme of the utility model has the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the building outer wall heat insulation structure is arranged in a hierarchical manner, the building outer walls built by stacking a plurality of layers have various functions, and the whole building outer wall has longer service life;
2. the waterproof and moistureproof layer is arranged between the light steel keel and the building wall, so that moist air can be absorbed, the structure of the light steel keel is prevented from being damaged by moisture, the overall strength of the outer wall structure can be improved by arranging the structure reinforcing layer, the structural durability of the outer wall is improved, and the light steel keel is convenient to use for a long time;
3. the fireproof flame-retardant layer can improve the overall flame-retardant performance of the outer wall, the fire can be prevented from spreading rapidly when a fire disaster occurs, the impact force on the outer wall can be buffered by arranging the positioning plate and the buffering sponge in the buffering layer, the damage to the structure of the outer wall when the outer wall is impacted is avoided, the overall sound insulation effect of the outer wall can be improved by arranging the sound insulation layer, the noise is isolated, and the indoor living environment is improved;
4. the polystyrene foam board, the glass fiber layer and the foamed polyurethane board are arranged, so that the overall external wall can be subjected to multi-layer heat insulation, and the overall heat insulation performance of the external wall is improved;
5. can weaken strong ultraviolet ray through setting up the ultraviolet shielding layer, avoid the ultraviolet ray to shine the back for a long time, outer wall overall structure changes, influences the use durability. .
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a separation structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional structural view of an exterior wall functional layer of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a separation structure of the thermal insulation protective layer according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of the separation structure of the outer wall decoration layer of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
1. building a wall body; 2. a water-blocking moisture-proof layer; 3. a light steel keel; 4. an insulating layer; 5. a structural reinforcement layer; 6. a fixing plate; 7. a steel frame; 8. an adhesive layer; 9. an outer wall functional layer; 10. a heat preservation protective layer; 11. an outer wall decorative layer; 12. a fire resistant and flame retardant layer; 13. a buffer layer; 14. positioning a plate; 15. a buffer sponge; 16. a sound insulating layer; 17. a polystyrene foam board; 18. a glass fiber layer; 19. foaming a polyurethane board; 20. a flexible water-resistant putty layer; 21. and an ultraviolet shielding layer.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following detailed description. It should be understood that the description is intended to be exemplary only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Moreover, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the concepts of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, according to the building external wall thermal insulation structure provided by the utility model, a light steel keel 3 is arranged on one side of a building wall 1, a water-blocking moisture-proof layer 2 is laid in an interlayer between the light steel keel 3 and the building wall 1, calcium chloride particles are filled in the water-blocking moisture-proof layer 2, an insulating layer 4 is fixed on the outer layer of the light steel keel 3, epoxy polyester glue is filled in the insulating layer 4, and the water-blocking moisture-proof layer 2 is arranged between the light steel keel 3 and the building wall 1, so that moist air can be absorbed, and the moisture is prevented from damaging the structure of the light steel keel 3;
a structural reinforcing layer 5 is fixed on the outer layer of the insulating layer 4, a fixing plate 6 is arranged in the middle of the structural reinforcing layer 5, steel frames 7 of a triangular structure are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the fixing plate 6, the structural reinforcing layer 5 is used for improving the rigidity strength of the wall body, and the steel frames 7 of the triangular structure are high in stability and are not easy to deform under the influence of external force;
the outer layer of the structure reinforcing layer 5 is bonded with an adhesive layer 8, and the outer layer of the adhesive layer 8 is sequentially provided with an outer wall functional layer 9, a heat preservation protective layer 10 and an outer wall decorative layer 11.
In this embodiment, the insulation construction of installation is the level setting on building wall 1, and multilayer structure collocation makes the outer wall wholly possess and blocks water dampproofing, fire prevention fire-retardant, isolated noise, whole heat preservation and ultraviolet resistance shine the function, and the holistic shock resistance of outer wall promotes and holistic structural strength improves.
As shown in fig. 2, the outer wall functional layer 9 includes a fireproof flame-retardant layer 12, a buffer layer 13 and a sound-insulating layer 16, the buffer layer 13 is disposed in a gap between the fireproof flame-retardant layer 12 and the sound-insulating layer 16, a positioning plate 14 is disposed in the middle of the buffer layer 13, and a buffer sponge 15 is respectively mounted on end faces of the positioning plate 14 attached to the fireproof flame-retardant layer 12 and the sound-insulating layer 16.
As examples of fire-retardant: the fire-retardant layer 12 can improve the overall fire-retardant performance of the outer wall, and prevent the fire from spreading rapidly when a fire breaks out;
as a buffering example: the positioning plate 14 and the LE buffer sponge 15 are arranged in the buffer layer 13, so that the impact force on the outer wall can be buffered, and the damage of the outer wall structure when the outer wall is impacted is avoided;
as examples of sound insulation: the sound insulation layer 16 can improve the whole sound insulation effect of the outer wall, isolate noise and improve the indoor living environment;
the outer wall functional layer 9 is matched with various structures to realize fireproof, flame-retardant, impact-resistant, buffering and sound insulation.
As shown in fig. 3, the thermal insulation protective layer 10 comprises a polystyrene foam board 17, a glass fiber layer 18 and a foamed polyurethane board 19 which are laminated from inside to outside, the polystyrene foam board 17, the glass fiber layer 18 and the foamed polyurethane board 19 are bonded and fixed, and the other end face of the polystyrene foam board 17 is connected to the sound insulation layer 16.
As an example of the heat preservation: the heat-insulating protective layer 10 is made by bonding three layers of heat-insulating materials, so that the whole outer wall is subjected to multi-layer heat insulation, and the heat-insulating property of the whole outer wall is improved
As shown in fig. 4, the heat preservation protective layer 10 includes a flexible waterproof putty layer 20 and an ultraviolet shielding layer 21, the flexible waterproof putty layer 20 is coated on the outer layer of the foamed polyurethane board 19, the ultraviolet shielding layer 21 is installed on the flexible waterproof putty layer 20, strong ultraviolet rays can be weakened through the ultraviolet shielding layer 21, and the phenomenon that after the ultraviolet rays are irradiated for a long time, the whole structure of the outer wall is changed to influence the use durability is avoided.
The working principle and the using process of the utility model are as follows: the waterproof and moistureproof layer 2 is arranged between the light steel keel 3 and the building wall 1 to absorb damp air and avoid moisture from damaging the structure of the light steel keel 3, the structural reinforcing layer 5 is arranged to improve the overall strength of the outer wall structure and improve the structural durability of the outer wall, the fireproof and flame-retardant layer 12 is arranged to improve the flame-retardant performance of the whole outer wall, so that when a fire disaster occurs, the fire can be prevented from spreading rapidly, the impact force on the outer wall can be buffered by arranging the positioning plate 14 and the buffer sponge 15 in the buffer layer 13, the damage of the outer wall structure when the outer wall is impacted is avoided, the sound insulation effect of the whole outer wall can be improved by arranging the sound insulation layer 16, the noise is isolated, the indoor living environment is improved, the multilayer heat insulation can be performed on the whole outer wall by arranging the polystyrene foam plate 17, the glass fiber layer 18 and the foamed polyurethane plate 19, the overall heat insulation performance of the outer wall is improved, the strong ultraviolet rays can be weakened by arranging the ultraviolet shielding layer 21, and the phenomenon that the overall structure of the outer wall changes to influence the use durability after the ultraviolet rays irradiate for a long time is avoided.
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of or explaining the principles of the utility model and are not to be construed as limiting the utility model. Therefore, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention. Further, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such variations and modifications as fall within the scope and boundaries of the appended claims or the equivalents of such scope and boundaries.

Claims (4)

1. A building external wall heat-insulation structure comprises a building wall body (1), and is characterized in that a light steel keel (3) is arranged on one side of the building wall body (1), a water-blocking moisture-proof layer (2) is laid in an interlayer between the light steel keel (3) and the building wall body (1), an insulating layer (4) is fixed on the outer layer of the light steel keel (3), a structure reinforcing layer (5) is fixed on the outer layer of the insulating layer (4), a fixing plate (6) is arranged in the middle of the structure reinforcing layer (5), and steel frames (7) with triangular structures are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the fixing plate (6);
an adhesive layer (8) is bonded on the outer layer of the structural reinforcing layer (5), and an outer wall functional layer (9), a heat preservation protective layer (10) and an outer wall decorative layer (11) are sequentially arranged on the outer layer of the adhesive layer (8);
the outer wall functional layer (9) comprises a fireproof flame-retardant layer (12), a buffer layer (13) and a sound insulation layer (16), wherein the buffer layer (13) is arranged in a gap between the fireproof flame-retardant layer (12) and the sound insulation layer (16);
the heat-insulating protective layer (10) comprises a polystyrene foam board (17), a glass fiber layer (18) and a foaming polyurethane board (19) which are laminated from inside to outside.
2. The building exterior wall heat insulation structure according to claim 1, wherein a positioning plate (14) is arranged in the middle of the buffer layer (13), and buffer sponges (15) are respectively mounted on the end surfaces of the positioning plate (14) attached to the fireproof flame-retardant layer (12) and the sound insulation layer (16).
3. The building exterior wall insulation structure according to claim 1, wherein the polystyrene foam board (17), the glass fiber layer (18) and the foamed polyurethane board (19) are bonded and fixed, and the other end face of the polystyrene foam board (17) is connected to the soundproof layer (16).
4. The building exterior wall insulation structure according to claim 1, wherein the insulation protection layer (10) comprises a flexible waterproof putty layer (20) and an ultraviolet shielding layer (21), the flexible waterproof putty layer (20) is coated on the outer layer of the foamed polyurethane board (19), and the ultraviolet shielding layer (21) is installed on the flexible waterproof putty layer (20).
CN202122102916.6U 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Building external wall insulation structure Active CN216156867U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122102916.6U CN216156867U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Building external wall insulation structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122102916.6U CN216156867U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Building external wall insulation structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216156867U true CN216156867U (en) 2022-04-01

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CN202122102916.6U Active CN216156867U (en) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 Building external wall insulation structure

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114704000A (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-07-05 崔玉瑞 Assembly type building heat-insulation outer wall and mounting method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114704000A (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-07-05 崔玉瑞 Assembly type building heat-insulation outer wall and mounting method thereof
CN114704000B (en) * 2022-04-18 2023-09-01 江西帝威建设工程有限公司 Assembled building heat-insulating outer wall and mounting method thereof

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20230113

Address after: 253000 ninth floor, Tianyuan Building, No. 126, Changhe Avenue, Changhe sub district office, Dezhou Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shandong Province

Patentee after: DEZHOU TIANYUAN GROUP Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 968, Daxue East Road, Dezhou City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: SHANDONG HUAYU University OF TECHNOLOGY

TR01 Transfer of patent right