CN216138532U - Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench - Google Patents

Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216138532U
CN216138532U CN202122020104.7U CN202122020104U CN216138532U CN 216138532 U CN216138532 U CN 216138532U CN 202122020104 U CN202122020104 U CN 202122020104U CN 216138532 U CN216138532 U CN 216138532U
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China
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pieces
pressing
threaded
machining center
threaded connection
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CN202122020104.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
包坚
忻月海
孔丽国
王健开
郁立奇
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Ningbo Haitian Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Ningbo Haitian Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a universal combined tool of a horizontal machining center workbench, which comprises a substrate platform and a combined module, wherein the combined module comprises a plurality of basic supporting pieces, a plurality of adjustable supporting pieces, a plurality of auxiliary connecting pieces, a plurality of lateral positioning pieces and a plurality of pressing pieces, the basic supporting pieces are detachably fixed on the substrate platform, the adjustable supporting pieces and the auxiliary connecting pieces are respectively detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, the height of the adjustable supporting pieces is adjustable, the lateral positioning pieces are detachably fixed on the auxiliary connecting pieces, the pressing pieces are detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, and the adjustable supporting pieces, the pressing pieces and the lateral positioning pieces are respectively used for upwards pressing, downwards pressing and laterally pressing a workpiece to be machined. The combined tool is in modular design, simple in structure, easy to assemble, good in universality, high in production changing efficiency, convenient and flexible to use, high in processing response speed, suitable for flexible production lines and particularly suitable for the production and processing requirements of small batches and multiple batches.

Description

Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a combined tool for a machine tool, in particular to a universal combined tool for a horizontal machining center workbench.
Background
The existing common horizontal machining center is mainly used for the workbench in a universal equal-height block mode, the workbench is clamped and aligned through the equal-height block mode, or a special tool for the workbench of different models is designed, and the tool cannot be used for other workbenches in a universal mode.
The series of products of the horizontal machining center are numerous in types, products of each type are different in configuration according to options, 1-3 different special tool parts for the workbench are often matched with the products, and the number of special tools configured for the products of the horizontal machining center of the same series can be more than ten. The parts are various in types and different in characteristic difference, and if a special tool is adopted, the problems that the number of tools is large, the processing, dismounting and debugging period is long, the storage is not facilitated and the like are caused inevitably.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a universal combined tool for a horizontal machining center workbench, which is designed in a modular manner, has the advantages of simple structure, easiness in assembly, good universality, high production change efficiency, convenience and flexibility in use, high machining response speed, suitability for flexible production lines, and particularly suitability for the production and machining requirements of small batches and multiple batches.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model for solving the technical problems is as follows: a universal combined tool of a horizontal machining center workbench comprises a substrate platform and a combined module, wherein the combined module comprises a plurality of basic supporting pieces, a plurality of adjustable supporting pieces, a plurality of auxiliary connecting pieces, a plurality of lateral positioning pieces and a plurality of pressing pieces, the basic supporting pieces are detachably fixed on the substrate platform, the adjustable supporting pieces and the auxiliary connecting pieces are respectively detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, the height of the adjustable supporting pieces is adjustable, the lateral positioning pieces are detachably fixed on the auxiliary connecting pieces, the pressing pieces are detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, when in use, the substrate platform is horizontally placed and fixed on the horizontal machining center workbench, the workpiece to be machined is upwards pressed by the adjustable supporting pieces, the workpiece to be machined is downwards pressed by the pressing pieces, and the workpiece to be processed is laterally abutted by the lateral positioning piece.
The combined tool adopts a mode of carrying combined modules with different functions on the substrate platform, realizes the modularization and the universal design and the use of the combined tool, and meets the clamping and positioning requirements of workpieces with different specifications. The size of the substrate platform can be designed according to the maximum specification of a workpiece to be machined, and the maximum rotary diameter of the horizontal machining center workbench and the epitaxial size of the clamped workpiece are considered at the same time. Aiming at different horizontal machining centers or different workpiece machining requirements, a plurality of types of substrate platforms with different specifications can be designed.
Preferably, the substrate platform is provided with a plurality of substrate threaded holes, the substrate platform is fixed on the horizontal machining center workbench through a plurality of first bolts, and each first bolt penetrates through one substrate threaded hole to be in threaded connection with the horizontal machining center workbench.
Preferably, the base support is provided with a plurality of first bolt holes and a plurality of first threaded holes, the base support is fixed on the substrate platform through a plurality of second bolts, and each second bolt penetrates through one first bolt hole to be in threaded connection with the substrate platform; the bottom of the adjustable supporting piece is integrally provided with a threaded part, the threaded part is in threaded connection with the first threaded hole, the upper part of the adjustable supporting piece is in threaded connection with a puller bolt, and the puller bolt is used for upwards jacking a workpiece to be processed; the auxiliary connecting piece on seted up a plurality of second bolt holes and a plurality of second screw hole, auxiliary connecting piece pass through a plurality of third bolts and fix basic supporting piece on, every third bolt pass one the second bolt hole with basic supporting piece threaded connection, a plurality of second screw holes be used for installing a plurality of fourth bolts, the side direction setting element pass through a plurality of fourth bolts fix auxiliary connecting piece on.
Preferably, the lateral positioning member comprises a horizontal part and a vertical part which are integrally arranged, a waist-shaped hole is formed in the horizontal part, each fourth bolt penetrates through one waist-shaped hole and one second threaded hole to be in threaded connection with the auxiliary connecting piece, a transverse threaded hole which is communicated from left to right and a longitudinal threaded hole which is communicated from front to back are formed in the vertical part, the transverse threaded hole and the longitudinal threaded hole are used for installing a full-thread ejector rod, and the full-thread ejector rod is used for laterally ejecting a workpiece to be machined.
Preferably, the pressing part comprises an upright extension bar and a pressing assembly, the lower end of the extension bar is in threaded connection with one of the first threaded holes, the pressing assembly comprises a pressing plate, a gasket, a stud and a nut with a shoulder, the upper end of the extension bar is in threaded connection with the lower end of the pressing plate, the lower end of the stud is in threaded connection with the upper end of the pressing plate, the nut with the shoulder is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the stud, the gasket is tightly clamped between the nut with the shoulder and the pressing plate, and the pressing plate is used for pressing a workpiece to be processed downwards.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1) the combined tool disclosed by the utility model adopts a modular design, is simple in structure, easy to assemble, good in universality, high in production change efficiency, convenient and flexible to use, high in processing response speed, and suitable for flexible production lines, and is particularly suitable for the production and processing requirements of small batches and multiple batches;
2) the combined tool can greatly reduce the number of similar tools, reduces ten or more special tools configured for original horizontal machining center products of the same series into a set of universal combined tool, reduces the number of the tools by more than 80 percent, and greatly reduces the cost of the tools; aiming at different workpiece types and production scheduling requirements, each production line is only required to be simultaneously provided with 1-2 sets of combined tools;
3) after the combined tool is fixed on a horizontal machining center workbench, the combined tool can be used for a long time only by adjusting and aligning the tool before first production, and the work of clamping and aligning is not required to be repeated, so that the clamping and aligning time is shortened, especially for small-batch parts, a large amount of clamping time can be saved in each batch, and the production and machining efficiency is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a state of the assembly tool in the embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a left side view corresponding to FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a top view corresponding to FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view corresponding to FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a top view of an embodiment of a substrate stage;
FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the structure of a foundation support in the embodiment;
FIGS. 8-10 are top views of three base supports used in the embodiments;
FIG. 11 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the structure of an adjustable support member according to the embodiment;
FIG. 12 is a top view of an auxiliary connection according to the embodiment;
FIG. 13 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the structure of an auxiliary connecting member in the embodiment;
FIG. 14 is an elevation view of an embodiment of a lateral positioning member;
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the structure of the lateral positioning member in the embodiment.
Detailed Description
The utility model is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying examples.
The universal combined tool of the horizontal machining center workbench comprises a substrate platform 1 and a combined module, wherein the combined module comprises a plurality of basic supporting pieces 2, a plurality of adjustable supporting pieces 3, a plurality of auxiliary connecting pieces 4, a plurality of lateral positioning pieces 5 and a plurality of pressing pieces, the basic supporting pieces 2 are detachably fixed on the substrate platform 1, the adjustable supporting pieces 3 and the auxiliary connecting pieces 4 are respectively detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces 2, the height of the adjustable supporting pieces 3 is adjustable, the lateral positioning pieces 5 are detachably fixed on the auxiliary connecting pieces 4, the pressing pieces are detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces 2, when the universal combined tool is used, the substrate platform 1 is flatly placed and fixed on a horizontal machining center workbench 7, a workpiece 8 to be machined is upwards pressed through the adjustable supporting pieces 3, the workpiece 8 to be machined is downwards pressed through the pressing pieces, the workpiece 8 to be machined is laterally braced by the lateral positioning element 5.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, a plurality of substrate threaded holes 11 are formed in the substrate platform 1, the substrate platform 1 is fixed on the horizontal machining center table 7 through a plurality of first bolts 12, and each first bolt 12 penetrates one substrate threaded hole 11 to be in threaded connection with the horizontal machining center table 7.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 7 to 10, a plurality of first bolt holes 21 and a plurality of first threaded holes 22 are formed in the base support 2, the base support 2 is fixed on the substrate platform 1 by a plurality of second bolts 23, and each second bolt 23 passes through one first bolt hole 21 and is in threaded connection with the substrate platform 1; as shown in fig. 11, a threaded portion 31 is integrally formed at the bottom of the adjustable support member 3, the threaded portion 31 is in threaded connection with the first threaded hole 22, a tightening bolt 32 is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the adjustable support member 3, and the tightening bolt 32 is used for tightening the workpiece 8 to be machined upwards; as shown in fig. 12 and 13, the auxiliary connecting member 4 is provided with a plurality of second bolt holes 41 and a plurality of second threaded holes 42, the auxiliary connecting member 4 is fixed on the base support member 2 by a plurality of third bolts 43, each third bolt 43 passes through one second bolt hole 41 to be in threaded connection with the base support member 2, the plurality of second threaded holes 42 are used for installing a plurality of fourth bolts 44, and the lateral positioning member 5 is fixed on the auxiliary connecting member 4 by a plurality of fourth bolts 44. Fig. 8 to 10 are schematic views of three base supports 2 used in the present embodiment, and the three base supports 2 are different only in the hole arrangement positions of the first bolt holes 21 and the first threaded holes 22, and in practical applications, other base supports in the form of hole arrangement may be used.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 14 and 15, the lateral positioning element 5 includes a horizontal portion 51 and a vertical portion 52 that are integrally provided, a kidney-shaped hole 53 is formed on the horizontal portion 51, each fourth bolt 44 passes through one kidney-shaped hole 53 and one second threaded hole 42 to be in threaded connection with the auxiliary connecting member 4, a horizontal threaded hole 54 that is conducted from left to right and a longitudinal threaded hole 55 that is conducted from front to back are formed on the vertical portion 52, the horizontal threaded hole 54 and the longitudinal threaded hole 55 are used for installing a full-thread ejector rod 56, and the full-thread ejector rod 56 is used for laterally ejecting the workpiece 8 to be processed.
In this embodiment, the pressing member includes the upright extension bar 61 and the pressing assembly that set up, the lower extreme threaded connection of extension bar 61 is in a first screw hole 22, the pressing assembly includes clamp plate 62, gasket 63, stud 64 and shoulder nut 65, the upper end of extension bar 61 and the lower extreme threaded connection of clamp plate 62, the lower extreme of stud 64 and the upper end threaded connection of clamp plate 62, shoulder nut 65 threaded connection is in the upper portion of stud 64, gasket 63 is pressed from both sides tightly and is set up between shoulder nut 65 and clamp plate 62, clamp plate 62 is used for compressing tightly the work piece 8 of treating processing downwards.
When the combined tool is used, the combination sequence of the combined modules is generally as follows: first, the mounting positions of the substrate stage 1 and the workpiece 8 are selected according to the size of the workpiece 8, and the main supporting point position is determined. Installing a basic supporting piece 2 at the installation position of the selected workpiece 8, and dividing a clamping area of the auxiliary connecting piece 4 according to the installation position of the basic supporting piece 2; secondly, according to the processing requirement of the workpiece 8, the adjustable supporting piece 3 is arranged on the corresponding basic supporting piece 2, and then the workpiece 8 is arranged on the adjustable supporting piece 3; thirdly, the lateral positioning elements 5 and the auxiliary connecting elements 4 are also assembled on the corresponding base supports 2; determining the position relation between the tool reference of the substrate platform 1 and the alignment reference surface of the workpiece 8 by using the existing detection scribing tool, and performing alignment and fine adjustment on the workpiece 8 through the lateral positioning piece 5 and the auxiliary connecting piece 4; and finally, adding other combined clamps such as a pressing piece and the like at a proper position to finish clamping the workpiece 8.

Claims (5)

1. A universal combined tool of a horizontal machining center workbench is characterized by comprising a base plate platform and a combined module, wherein the combined module comprises a plurality of basic supporting pieces, a plurality of adjustable supporting pieces, a plurality of auxiliary connecting pieces, a plurality of lateral positioning pieces and a plurality of pressing pieces, the basic supporting pieces are detachably fixed on the base plate platform, the adjustable supporting pieces and the auxiliary connecting pieces are respectively detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, the height of the adjustable supporting pieces is adjustable, the lateral positioning pieces are detachably fixed on the auxiliary connecting pieces, the pressing pieces are detachably fixed on the basic supporting pieces, when in use, the base plate platform is flatly placed and fixed on the horizontal machining center workbench, a workpiece to be machined is upwards jacked through the adjustable supporting pieces, and the workpiece to be machined is downwards pressed through the pressing pieces, and the workpiece to be processed is laterally abutted by the lateral positioning piece.
2. The universal combined tool for the horizontal machining center workbench according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of substrate threaded holes are formed in the substrate platform, the substrate platform is fixed on the horizontal machining center workbench through a plurality of first bolts, and each first bolt penetrates through one substrate threaded hole to be in threaded connection with the horizontal machining center workbench.
3. The universal combined tool for the horizontal machining center workbench according to claim 2, wherein the base support is provided with a plurality of first bolt holes and a plurality of first threaded holes, the base support is fixed on the base plate platform through a plurality of second bolts, and each second bolt penetrates through one first bolt hole to be in threaded connection with the base plate platform; the bottom of the adjustable supporting piece is integrally provided with a threaded part, the threaded part is in threaded connection with the first threaded hole, the upper part of the adjustable supporting piece is in threaded connection with a puller bolt, and the puller bolt is used for upwards jacking a workpiece to be processed; the auxiliary connecting piece on seted up a plurality of second bolt holes and a plurality of second screw hole, auxiliary connecting piece pass through a plurality of third bolts and fix basic supporting piece on, every third bolt pass one the second bolt hole with basic supporting piece threaded connection, a plurality of second screw holes be used for installing a plurality of fourth bolts, the side direction setting element pass through a plurality of fourth bolts fix auxiliary connecting piece on.
4. The universal combined tool of the horizontal machining center workbench according to claim 3, wherein the lateral positioning member comprises a horizontal portion and a vertical portion which are integrally arranged, the horizontal portion is provided with a kidney-shaped hole, each fourth bolt penetrates through one kidney-shaped hole and one second threaded hole to be in threaded connection with the auxiliary connecting member, the vertical portion is provided with a transverse threaded hole which is communicated from left to right and a longitudinal threaded hole which is communicated from front to back, the transverse threaded hole and the longitudinal threaded hole are used for installing a full-thread ejector rod, and the full-thread ejector rod is used for laterally ejecting a workpiece to be machined.
5. The universal combined tool for the horizontal machining center workbench according to claim 3, wherein the pressing member comprises an extension bar and a pressing assembly which are vertically arranged, the lower end of the extension bar is in threaded connection with one of the first threaded holes, the pressing assembly comprises a pressing plate, a gasket, a stud and a nut with a shoulder, the upper end of the extension bar is in threaded connection with the lower end of the pressing plate, the lower end of the stud is in threaded connection with the upper end of the pressing plate, the nut with the shoulder is in threaded connection with the upper portion of the stud, the gasket is clamped between the nut with the shoulder and the pressing plate, and the pressing plate is used for pressing a workpiece to be machined downwards.
CN202122020104.7U 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench Active CN216138532U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122020104.7U CN216138532U (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122020104.7U CN216138532U (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216138532U true CN216138532U (en) 2022-03-29

Family

ID=80808006

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122020104.7U Active CN216138532U (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Universal combined tool for horizontal machining center workbench

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216138532U (en)

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