CN215894527U - Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment - Google Patents

Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215894527U
CN215894527U CN202120985561.7U CN202120985561U CN215894527U CN 215894527 U CN215894527 U CN 215894527U CN 202120985561 U CN202120985561 U CN 202120985561U CN 215894527 U CN215894527 U CN 215894527U
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China
Prior art keywords
straw
rotting
decomposition
box
corruption
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202120985561.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈中玉
李明亮
马方
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Yancheng Institute of Industry Technology
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Yancheng Institute of Industry Technology
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Priority to CN202120985561.7U priority Critical patent/CN215894527U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of straw decomposition tests, in particular to straw decomposition and fertilizer change test equipment, which aims at solving the problems that the existing straw decomposition test device is inconvenient for observing the straw decomposition process and inconvenient for taking out the straw after decomposition is finished and the operation for replacing the straw is more complicated, and provides the following scheme that the equipment structure comprises a base, a decomposition box with an opening at one side is fixedly arranged at the top of the base, two limit seats which are symmetrically arranged are fixedly arranged on the inner wall at one side of the decomposition box, a containing column is slidably arranged at one end of each of the two limit seats, a decomposition disc can be movably clamped at one end of each of the two containing columns, a power block is fixedly arranged on the inner wall at one side of the decomposition box, and the power block is arranged in a hollow manner, so that the utility model can provide a conventional straw decomposition environment, can observe the straw decomposition process for a long time and simultaneously can be convenient for continuously taking and replacing the straw, the practicability is strong.

Description

Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of straw decomposition tests, in particular to straw decomposition and fertilizer change test equipment.
Background
Straw is a generic term for the stem and leaf (ear) part of a mature crop, usually referring to the remainder of wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops (usually coarse grain) after harvesting the seeds. More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, and are a multipurpose renewable biological resource.
At present, people always stay in the states of straw burning and abandoning due to cost reasons for processing straws, resources are not fully utilized, the straw decomposition processing into fertilizer is the best straw processing mode at present, the existing straw decomposition liquid at the market also has the problems that the straw decomposition speed is not fast enough, the decomposition effect is poor, the straw decomposition process of the existing straw decomposition agent needs about 30 days, and the requirements on environment are high, such as temperature, humidity, concentration of the decomposition agent and the like. Therefore, the improvement of the formula of the straw quick decomposition agent is the key for improving the straw decomposition efficiency, and the improvement of the formula of the straw quick decomposition agent needs a set of matched test equipment.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides straw rotting and fertilizer changing test equipment.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment, includes the base, the top fixed mounting of base has one side to be provided with open-ended corruption case, fixed mounting has two spacing seats that the symmetry set up on one side inner wall of corruption case, and the equal slidable mounting of one end of two spacing seats has the storage column, and two one ends of accomodating the post all can break away from the activity card and be equipped with the corruption dish, fixed mounting has the power piece on one side inner wall of corruption case, and the power piece is the cavity setting, and two equal fixed mounting in one side that the storage column is close to each other have a L shaped plate, and the transmission is connected with same synchronizing assembly on two L shaped plates, and synchronizing assembly is located the inside of power piece.
Preferably, in order to facilitate observation of the growth condition of the straws, one side of the decomposition box is hermetically hinged with a box door, the box door completely covers the opening of the decomposition box, and one side of the box body is provided with a visual window which is arranged in a rectangular shape.
Preferably, for the convenience of two corruption dishes of synchronous operation, synchronous subassembly is including rotating the drive shaft of installing at power block top, and the fixed cover in the outside of drive shaft is equipped with and comes drive gear, the top slidable mounting of power block has the connecting rack, and connecting rack and drive gear mesh mutually, the top of connecting rack and the bottom fixed mounting who is located the L shaped plate of top, the top of the L shaped plate that is located the below is rotated and is installed the crank, the inside of power block is extended to at the top of crank, the transmission is connected with same drive assembly on crank and the drive shaft.
Preferably, for improving driven stability, drive assembly includes fixed mounting the driving motor on the inner wall of power piece one side, the one end fixed mounting of driving motor output shaft has the commentaries on classics board, and changes one side of board and articulate top and rotate and connect, the one side fixed mounting who changes the board has the arc rack, and the bottom of drive shaft runs through the top of power piece and extends to the inside of power piece, and the fixed cover in the outside of drive shaft is equipped with intermediate gear, intermediate gear and arc rack mesh mutually.
Preferably, for the convenience of changing the corruption dish, two equal fixed mounting in one end of accomodating the post have the fixture block, and the draw-in groove has all been seted up at the top of two fixture blocks, and the bottom of two corruption dishes extends to the inside of two draw-in grooves respectively and can break away from swing joint with two draw-in grooves respectively, and the top of two fixture blocks is all rotated and is installed and rotate the fastener, and the bottom that is located two rotation fasteners of same horizontal plane all closely laminates with the top of corruption dish, the inside moisturizing subassembly that is provided with of corruption case.
Preferably, in order to conveniently supplement water and heat the straws, the water supplementing assembly comprises two mounting frames fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the decomposition box, the two mounting frames are respectively and fixedly provided with a material supplementing pipe, the two material supplementing pipes are respectively positioned right above the two decomposition disks, the bottoms of the two septic discs are hermetically communicated with a plurality of spray heads which are linearly arranged, the bottom of the mounting rack is fixedly provided with two symmetrically arranged heating lamps, one side of the septic tank is fixedly provided with a water pump, and the output end of the water pump is hermetically communicated with a concave pipe, the two ends of the concave pipe are respectively hermetically communicated with the interiors of the two material supplementing pipes, one side of the concave pipe and the inner wall of one side of the septic tank are fixedly arranged, the input end of the water pump is hermetically communicated with a tap water pipe, the top of the septic tank is provided with a ventilation hole, and the inside of the ventilation hole is fixedly provided with a ventilation fan.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: the models of the driving motor, the water pump, the ventilation fan and the heating lamp can be selected according to actual requirements, in the straw decomposition process, the straws are uniformly supplemented through the two supplement pipes and the plurality of spray heads, the straws are heated through the heating lamp arranged on the mounting frame, normal decomposition of the straws is ensured, after the straw decomposition is finished, the box door is opened, the switch of the driving motor is pressed down to enable the rotating plate to rotate, the transverse acting force is provided for the L-shaped plate below through the arranged crank, meanwhile, the meshing relation of the arc-shaped rack and the middle gear, the meshing relation of the driving gear and the connecting rack can synchronously convert the rotation of the rotating plate into the transverse movement of the L-shaped plate above, the moving distances and the directions of the two L-shaped plates are consistent, the two clamping blocks and the two decomposition discs are moved to the outside of the decomposition box, and then the straw collection and the decomposition disc replacement operations are carried out, after the corrosion disc is replaced, the driving motor is moved again, the two clamping blocks are reset, and the straw corrosion operation is repeated, so that compared with the traditional straw corrosion equipment, the straw corrosion equipment can ensure normal corrosion of the straw, is convenient for subsequent straw collection operation, is convenient for straw replacement for corrosion, and has strong practicability;
in order to solve the problems that the growth of straws is influenced due to poor air condition and oxygen concentration change in the decomposition box, the ventilation holes are formed in the top of the decomposition box, and the ventilation fan is arranged in the ventilation holes, so that the air in the decomposition box can be ventilated frequently, and the oxygen required by straw decomposition is ensured;
in order to solve the not high problem of corruption dish at the top position stability of fixture block, two rotation fasteners that set up through the top of fixture block rotate the fastener and constitute via pivot and buckle, and the bottom of buckle closely laminates with the top of corruption dish, can be stable carry on spacingly to the corruption dish, can also be convenient for subsequent operation of changing the corruption dish, maneuverability is strong.
The test equipment can be used for observing the straw rotting degree in real time, is convenient to take out for inspection, analyzes data, improves the formula of the rotting liquid and further verifies the rotting liquid in the test equipment.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a part of the structure of a straw rotting and fertilizer changing test device provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a straw decomposition and fertilizer change test apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a feeding tube structure of a straw rotting and fertilizer changing test device provided by the utility model;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a part A of the structure in FIG. 2 of the straw rotting and fertilizer changing test equipment provided by the utility model.
In the figure: the corrosion-resistant box comprises a base 1, a corrosion-resistant box 2, a box door 3, a visual window 4, a collection disc 5, a limiting seat 6, a storage column 7, a clamping block 8, a corrosion-resistant disc 9, a 10L-shaped plate, a power block 11, a driving motor 12, a rotating plate 13, a crank 14, an arc-shaped rack 15, an intermediate gear 16, a driving gear 17, a connecting rack 18, a ventilation fan 19, a ventilation fan 20, a water pump 21, a concave pipe 21, a mounting rack 22, a material supplementing pipe 23, a heating lamp 24 and a spray head 25.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-4, a straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment, including base 1, base 1's top fixed mounting has one side to be provided with open-ended corruption case 2, fixed mounting has two spacing seats 6 that the symmetry set up on the inner wall of one side of corruption case 2, the equal slidable mounting of one end of two spacing seats 6 has storage column 7, the one end of two storage column 7 all can break away from the activity card and be equipped with the corruption dish 9, fixed mounting has power block 11 on the inner wall of one side of corruption case 2, and power block 11 is the cavity setting, the equal fixed mounting in one side that two storage column 7 are close to each other has L shaped plate 10, the transmission is connected with same synchronizing assembly on two L shaped plate 10, and synchronizing assembly is located the inside of power block 11.
Example two
The following further improvements are made on the basis of the first embodiment:
in the utility model, in order to observe the growth condition of the straws, one side of the decomposition box 2 is hermetically hinged with a box door 3, the box door 3 completely covers the opening of the decomposition box 2, one side of the box body 3 is provided with a visible window 4, and the visible window 4 is arranged in a rectangular shape.
In the utility model, in order to facilitate synchronous operation of the two septic discs 9, the synchronous assembly comprises a driving shaft rotatably mounted at the top of the power block 11, a driving gear 17 is fixedly sleeved outside the driving shaft, a connecting rack 18 is slidably mounted at the top of the power block 11, the connecting rack 18 is meshed with the driving gear 17, the top of the connecting rack 18 and the bottom of the L-shaped plate 10 positioned above are fixedly mounted, a crank 14 is rotatably mounted at the top of the L-shaped plate 10 positioned below, the top of the crank 14 extends into the power block 11, and the crank 14 and the driving shaft are in transmission connection with the same driving assembly.
In the utility model, in order to improve the transmission stability, the driving assembly comprises a driving motor 12 fixedly arranged on the inner wall of one side of the power block 11, one end of an output shaft of the driving motor 12 is fixedly provided with a rotating plate 13, one side of the rotating plate 13 is rotatably connected with the top of a crank 14, one side of the rotating plate 13 is fixedly provided with an arc-shaped rack 15, the bottom of the driving shaft penetrates through the top of the power block 11 and extends to the inside of the power block 11, the outer side of the driving shaft is fixedly sleeved with a middle gear 16, and the middle gear 16 is meshed with the arc-shaped rack 15.
In the utility model, in order to replace the septic tank 9, clamping blocks 8 are fixedly arranged at one ends of the two storage columns 7, clamping grooves are formed in the tops of the two clamping blocks 8, the bottoms of the two septic tanks 9 respectively extend into the two clamping grooves and can be respectively and movably connected with the two clamping grooves in a separated mode, rotating fasteners are rotatably arranged at the tops of the two clamping blocks 8, the bottoms of the two rotating fasteners on the same horizontal plane are tightly attached to the tops of the septic tanks 9, and water replenishing assemblies are arranged in the septic tank 2.
In the utility model, in order to conveniently supplement and heat the straws, the water supplementing assembly comprises two mounting frames 22 fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the rotting box 2, a water supplementing pipe 23 is fixedly mounted on each mounting frame 22, the water supplementing pipe 23 can supplement chemical ingredients, the two water supplementing pipes 23 are respectively positioned right above the two rotting disks 9, the bottoms of the two rotting disks 9 are hermetically communicated with a plurality of spray heads 25 which are linearly arranged, the bottoms of the mounting frames 22 are fixedly provided with two symmetrically arranged heating lamps 24 for improving the internal rotting environmental temperature, one side of the rotting box 2 is fixedly provided with a water pump 20, the output end of the water pump 20 is hermetically communicated with a concave pipe 21, the two ends of the concave pipe 21 are respectively hermetically communicated with the interiors of the two water supplementing pipes 23, one side of the concave pipe 21 is fixedly mounted with the inner wall of one side of the rotting box 2, the input end of the water pump 20 is hermetically communicated with a tap water pipe, the top of the septic tank 2 is provided with a ventilation hole, and the inside of the ventilation hole is fixedly provided with a ventilation fan 19.
In the utility model, during straw decomposition, straws are uniformly supplemented through two supplement pipes 23 and a plurality of spray heads 25, the straws are heated through a heating lamp 24 arranged on an installation frame 22, the straw decomposition temperature is ensured, after the straw decomposition is finished, a box door 3 is opened, a switch of a driving motor 12 is pressed, a rotating plate 13 rotates, a transverse acting force is provided for a lower L-shaped plate 10 through a set crank 14, meanwhile, the rotation of the rotating plate 13 can be synchronously converted into the transverse movement of an upper L-shaped plate 10 through the meshing relationship of an arc-shaped rack 15 and a middle gear 16, the meshing relationship of a driving gear 17 and a connecting rack 18, the moving distance and the moving direction of the two L-shaped plates 10 are consistent, two fixture blocks 8 and two decomposition discs 9 are moved to the outside of a decomposition box 2, and then the operations of straw collection and decomposition discs 9 replacement are carried out, after the corruption dish 9 is changed and the completion, move driving motor 12 once more, two fixture blocks 8 reset, the operation of repeated foretell straw corruption, than traditional straw corruption equipment, can guarantee the operation that can be convenient for follow-up receipts straw when the normal corruption of straw can also conveniently be changed the straw and carry out the corruption, and the feasibility of implementing is strong.
In the description of the present application, it should be further noted that, unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may include, for example, a fixed connection, a detachable connection, an integral connection, a mechanical connection, an electrical connection, a direct connection, a connection through an intermediate medium, and a connection between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific circumstances.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and equivalent alternatives or modifications according to the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment, includes base (1), the top fixed mounting of base (1) has one side to be provided with open-ended corruption case (2), its characterized in that, fixed mounting has two spacing seats (6) that the symmetry set up on the inner wall of one side of corruption case (2), and the equal slidable mounting of one end of two spacing seats (6) has accomodate post (7), and the one end of two accomodate post (7) all can break away from the activity card and be equipped with corruption dish (9), fixed mounting has power piece (11) on the inner wall of one side of corruption case (2), and power piece (11) are the cavity setting, and two equal fixed mounting in one side that accomodate post (7) and be close to each other have L shaped plate (10), and the transmission connection has same synchronizing assembly on two L shaped plate (10), and synchronizing assembly is located the inside of power piece (11).
2. The straw rotting and fertilizer changing test equipment according to claim 1, wherein one side of the rotting box (2) is hermetically hinged with a box door (3), the box door (3) completely covers an opening of the rotting box (2), one side of the box door (3) is provided with a visual window (4), and the visual window (4) is arranged in a rectangular shape.
3. The straw rotting and fertilizer changing test device according to claim 1, wherein the synchronizing assembly comprises a driving shaft which is rotatably installed at the top of the power block (11), a driving gear (17) is fixedly sleeved outside the driving shaft, a connecting rack (18) is slidably installed at the top of the power block (11), the connecting rack (18) is meshed with the driving gear (17), the top of the connecting rack (18) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the L-shaped plate (10) located above the connecting rack, a crank (14) is rotatably installed at the top of the L-shaped plate (10) located below the connecting rack, the top of the crank (14) extends to the inside of the power block (11), and the crank (14) and the driving shaft are connected with the same driving assembly in a transmission mode.
4. The straw rotting and fertilizer changing test device according to claim 3, wherein the driving assembly comprises a driving motor (12) fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the power block (11), a rotating plate (13) is fixedly mounted at one end of an output shaft of the driving motor (12), one side of the rotating plate (13) is rotatably connected with the top of the crank (14), an arc-shaped rack (15) is fixedly mounted on one side of the rotating plate (13), the bottom of the driving shaft penetrates through the top of the power block (11) and extends to the inside of the power block (11), an intermediate gear (16) is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the driving shaft, and the intermediate gear (16) is meshed with the arc-shaped rack (15).
5. The straw rotting and fertilizer-changing test equipment according to claim 1, wherein one end of each of the two storage columns (7) is fixedly provided with a clamping block (8), the tops of the two clamping blocks (8) are respectively provided with a clamping groove, the bottoms of the two rotting disks (9) respectively extend into the two clamping grooves and can be respectively and movably connected with the two clamping grooves in a separated mode, the tops of the two clamping blocks (8) are respectively rotatably provided with a rotating fastener, the bottoms of the two rotating fasteners on the same horizontal plane are respectively and tightly attached to the tops of the rotting disks (9), and a water replenishing assembly is arranged inside the rotting box (2).
6. The straw rotting and fertilizer-changing test equipment according to claim 5, wherein the water replenishing assembly comprises two mounting frames (22) fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the rotting tank (2), the two mounting frames (22) are respectively and fixedly provided with a water replenishing pipe (23), the two water replenishing pipes (23) are respectively positioned right above the two rotting disks (9), the bottoms of the two rotting disks (9) are respectively and hermetically communicated with a plurality of spray heads (25) which are linearly arranged, the bottom of each mounting frame (22) is fixedly provided with two symmetrically arranged heating lamps (24), one side of the rotting tank (2) is fixedly provided with a water pump (20), the output end of the water pump (20) is hermetically communicated with a concave pipe (21), two ends of the concave pipe (21) are respectively and hermetically communicated with the inner parts of the two water replenishing pipes (23), and one side of the concave pipe (21) and the inner wall of one side of the rotting tank (2) are fixedly mounted, the input end of the water pump (20) is hermetically communicated with a tap water pipe, the top of the septic tank (2) is provided with a ventilation hole, and the inside of the ventilation hole is fixedly provided with a ventilation fan (19).
CN202120985561.7U 2021-05-10 2021-05-10 Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment Expired - Fee Related CN215894527U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120985561.7U CN215894527U (en) 2021-05-10 2021-05-10 Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120985561.7U CN215894527U (en) 2021-05-10 2021-05-10 Straw corruption becomes fertile test equipment

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113391027A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-09-14 盐城工业职业技术学院 Straw decomposition and fertilizer change test equipment and use method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113391027A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-09-14 盐城工业职业技术学院 Straw decomposition and fertilizer change test equipment and use method

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Granted publication date: 20220222