CN214696224U - Prefabricated wallboard of assembled - Google Patents

Prefabricated wallboard of assembled Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214696224U
CN214696224U CN202120310221.4U CN202120310221U CN214696224U CN 214696224 U CN214696224 U CN 214696224U CN 202120310221 U CN202120310221 U CN 202120310221U CN 214696224 U CN214696224 U CN 214696224U
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Prior art keywords
steel
prefabricated
assembled
wallboard
plate shear
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CN202120310221.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘术金
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Weifang Jinyi Steel Structural Engineering Technical Advisory Co ltd
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Weifang Jinyi Steel Structural Engineering Technical Advisory Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a prefabricated wallboard of assembled relates to assembly type structure technical field. Prefabricated wallboard of assembled, including the wallboard base member, the wallboard base member includes the steel skeleton, and the ligature is in reinforcing bar net around the steel skeleton, and fill the steel skeleton with filler material between the reinforcing bar net, the steel skeleton includes the girder steel, connects steel sheet shear force wall on the girder steel, and set up the girder steel with the steel column of steel sheet shear force wall lateral part, be provided with on the steel sheet shear force wall be used for with the drawknot structure that filler material connects. The utility model discloses prefabricated wallboard of assembled has solved the poor problem that reaches assembly efficiency low of current steel construction assembly type structure antidetonation effect, has improved antidetonation effect and assembly efficiency.

Description

Prefabricated wallboard of assembled
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an assembly type structure technical field, concretely relates to prefabricated wallboard of assembled.
Background
At present, a steel structure assembly type building is formed by firstly mounting main body bearing stress member columns, beams, supports, shear walls and the like of the building to form an integral stress frame and then mounting wall surface enclosing parts.
The existing steel structure fabricated building has the following defects: the stressed frame and the wall surface enclosure part are separated, components such as columns, beams, supports and shear walls are independently installed, the wall surface enclosure part is also independently installed, the number of the components is large, the assembly is complex, and the assembly efficiency is low; and the shear wall is mainly made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete, so that the construction period is long, the ductility is insufficient, the wall body is thick, and the anti-seismic effect is poor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the above defect that prior art exists, the utility model provides a prefabricated wallboard of assembled, this prefabricated wallboard of assembled have solved the poor problem that reaches assembly efficiency low of current steel construction assembly type structure antidetonation effect.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme is:
prefabricated wallboard of assembled, including the wallboard base member, the wallboard base member includes the steel skeleton, and the ligature is in reinforcing bar net around the steel skeleton, and fill the steel skeleton with filler material between the reinforcing bar net, the steel skeleton includes the girder steel, connects steel sheet shear force wall on the girder steel, and set up the girder steel with the steel column of steel sheet shear force wall lateral part, be provided with on the steel sheet shear force wall be used for with the drawknot structure that filler material connects.
The drawknot structure comprises drawknot pieces arranged on two opposite sides of the steel plate shear wall.
The steel beam is provided with a fishplate used for being connected with the steel plate shear wall on the upper layer, and the steel plate shear wall is provided with a connecting structure used for being connected with the fishplate on the steel beam on the lower layer.
And a wallboard support framework is arranged on the steel plate shear wall.
And stiffening ribs are arranged on the steel plate shear walls.
Wherein, the steel plate shear wall is provided with a vertical seam.
Wherein, the end of the vertical seam is arc-shaped.
The filling material is light concrete, and the light concrete comprises light aggregate concrete, foam concrete and aerated concrete.
Wherein, be provided with the heat preservation puigging in the wallboard base member, the heat preservation puigging includes extruded sheet, polyphenyl board, polyurethane board and rock wool board.
The wallboard comprises a wallboard base body and is characterized in that a surface layer material is arranged outside the wallboard base body and comprises stone, face bricks, glass, mortar, paint and real stone paint.
By adopting the technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
one, the utility model discloses prefabricated wallboard of assembled fuses atress frame and wall enclosure part as an organic whole, the quantity of job site assembly member that has significantly reduced, consequently, compares with prior art, the utility model discloses prefabricated wallboard of assembled assembly is simpler, and assembly efficiency is higher, and construction cycle is shorter.
Two, because the utility model discloses the steel skeleton of prefabricated wallboard of assembled has adopted steel sheet shear force wall, and steel sheet shear force wall is not only ductile good, and wallboard thickness is a lot less than reinforced concrete shear force wall moreover, can effectively reduce the structure dead weight, reduces earthquake response, consequently, compares with prior art, the utility model discloses prefabricated wallboard of assembled has improved the antidetonation effect, has guaranteed building subject's wholeness, stability and security.
To sum up, the utility model discloses prefabricated wallboard of assembled has solved the poor and low problem of assembly efficiency of current steel construction assembly type structure antidetonation effect, has improved antidetonation effect and assembly efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of the prefabricated wall panel of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the steel skeleton of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an assembled schematic view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection between the steel plate shear wall and the steel column in the prefabricated wall panel of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic connection diagram of an upper prefabricated wall panel and a lower prefabricated wall panel;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a steel framework in the second embodiment of the prefabricated wall panel of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an assembled schematic view of FIG. 6;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a steel framework in the third embodiment of the prefabricated wall panel of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an assembled view of FIG. 8;
in the figure: 1-reinforcing mesh, 2-filling material, 3-steel beam, 4-steel plate shear wall, 5-tie piece, 6-wallboard support frame, 7-stiffening rib, 8-fishplate, 9-steel column, 10-connecting hole, 11-thermal insulation and sound insulation layer, 12-surface material, 13-bolt, 14-steel beam, 15-steel plate shear wall, 16-first wallboard support frame, 17-second wallboard support frame, 18-steel column, 19-fishplate, 20-steel beam, 21-steel plate shear wall, 22-third wallboard support frame, 23-fourth wallboard support frame, 24-steel column, 25-fishplate and 26-vertical seam.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 5, the prefabricated wall panel includes a wall panel base body including a steel skeleton, a reinforcing mesh 1 bound around the steel skeleton, and a filling material 2 filled between the steel skeleton and the reinforcing mesh 1. By adopting the structural form that the stressed frame and the wall surface enclosure part are integrated, the number of assembling components on a construction site is greatly reduced, the assembly is simpler, the assembly efficiency is higher, and the construction period is shorter.
The steel skeleton comprises a steel beam 3, a steel plate shear wall 4 connected to the steel beam 3, and a steel column 9 arranged on the side portions of the steel beam 3 and the steel plate shear wall 4.
The number of the steel columns 9 is two, the steel plate shear wall 4 is welded on the steel beam 3, the two steel columns 9 are respectively welded on two sides of the steel beam 3 and the steel plate shear wall 4, and the steel plate shear wall 4 and the steel columns 9 are in butt welding. In practical application, the steel column 9 may be welded only on one side of the steel beam 3 and the steel plate shear wall 4, which is specifically selected according to practical requirements, and this embodiment is not limited thereto.
The steel column 9 in this embodiment is a square steel tube, and in practical application, H-shaped steel, a round steel tube, a rectangular tube, a special-shaped tube, or special-shaped H-shaped steel may also be used, which may be specifically selected according to practical situations, and this embodiment does not limit this.
Girder steel 3 in this embodiment adopts H shaped steel, because H shaped steel is that cross sectional area distributes more optimization, the high-efficient section bar of economic section that the weight ratio is more reasonable, and has welding concatenation easy operation, and the mechanical properties of unit weight is better, can save a large amount of materials and engineering time's advantage. Of course, in practical application, the steel beam 3 may also be an i-steel or a steel square tube, which may be specifically selected according to practical situations, and this embodiment does not limit this.
Compared with a concrete shear wall, the steel plate shear wall 4 in the embodiment has good ductility, the thickness of the wall plate is much smaller than that of a reinforced concrete shear wall, the dead weight of the structure can be effectively reduced, and the earthquake response is reduced, so that the earthquake-resistant effect is improved by arranging the steel plate shear wall 4, and the integrity, stability and safety of a building main body are ensured.
In order to ensure the tie strength between the steel plate shear wall 4 and the filler material 2, the steel plate shear wall 4 is provided with a tie structure for connecting with the filler material 2.
Specifically, the drawknot structure comprises drawknot members 5 disposed on opposite sides of the steel plate shear wall 4.
In order to ensure that the two sides of the steel plate shear wall 4 are stressed uniformly, the pulling pieces 5 located on the two opposite sides of the steel plate shear wall 4 are symmetrically arranged in the embodiment, and the pulling pieces 5 on each side are uniformly arranged in a plurality.
Because the reinforcing steel bar can bear the tensile stress and has better deformability, the tie member 5 in this embodiment is made of the reinforcing steel bar, and in practical application, the tie member 5 may also be made of one or a combination of several of a stud, a channel steel, an angle steel, a Z-shaped steel, a C-shaped steel, and an i-shaped steel, which is specifically selected according to practical requirements, and this embodiment is not limited thereto.
In order to improve the supporting strength of the wall body, the wall plate supporting frameworks 6 are respectively arranged on two opposite sides of the steel plate shear wall 4 in the embodiment, the two wall plate supporting frameworks 6 are located at the end portions, far away from the steel beam 3, of the steel plate shear wall 4, in practical application, the wall plate supporting frameworks 6 can be arranged on one side of the steel plate shear wall 4, the wall plate supporting frameworks can be specifically selected according to practical situations, and the embodiment does not limit the wall plate supporting frameworks.
The wall panel supporting framework 6 in this embodiment is made of angle steel, and of course, one or more of square steel tubes, round steel tubes, rectangular tubes, T-shaped steel, C-shaped steel and H-shaped steel may be used.
Still be provided with stiffening rib 7 on the steel sheet shear force wall 4 in this embodiment, adopt such structure, can make prefabricated wallboard of assembled adapt to higher floor, certainly, if the floor is lower, then can adopt prefabricated wallboard of assembled of no stiffening rib 7, specifically select according to actual demand, this embodiment does not do the restriction to this.
The stiffening ribs 7 in this embodiment are made of steel plates, and the stiffening ribs 7 are arranged in a horizontal and vertical crossing manner, in practical application, the stiffening ribs 7 may also be made of angle steel, channel steel, H-shaped steel, T-shaped steel, and the like, and the arrangement form may also be an oblique crossing arrangement form, which is specifically selected according to actual requirements, and this embodiment is not limited thereto.
In order to realize the connection of two-layer assembled prefabricated wallboard about the realization, this embodiment has set up the fishplate 8 that is used for being connected with the steel sheet shear force wall 4 of upper assembled prefabricated wallboard on girder steel 3, has set up the first connection structure that is used for being connected with the fishplate 8 of lower floor's assembled prefabricated wallboard on steel sheet shear force wall 4.
In order to improve the assembly efficiency, the first connection structure in the present embodiment employs the connection hole 10.
Because the lightweight concrete can play roles of rust prevention, fire prevention and cold bridge prevention on the steel skeleton, the filling material 2 in the embodiment adopts the lightweight concrete, the lightweight concrete comprises lightweight aggregate concrete, foam concrete and aerated concrete, and one of the lightweight concrete and the foam concrete can be selected according to actual requirements and is not limited in the embodiment.
In order to strengthen the heat preservation performance and the sound insulation performance of wallboard base member, this embodiment has set up heat preservation puigging 11 in the wallboard base member, and heat preservation puigging 11 includes extruded sheet, polyphenyl board, polyurethane board and rock wool board, specifically can select to use one of them according to actual demand, and this embodiment does not do the restriction to this.
Of course, if the requirements for the thermal insulation performance and the sound insulation performance of the wallboard base are not high, the thermal insulation and sound insulation layer 11 may not be arranged in the wallboard base.
In order to improve the decorative effect, the surface layer material 12 is arranged outside the wallboard matrix in the embodiment, the surface layer material 12 comprises stone, face bricks, glass, mortar, paint and real stone paint, one or more of the materials can be selected according to actual requirements, and the embodiment does not limit the application.
When the prefabricated wallboard of upper and lower two-layer assembled is assembled, be connected the steel sheet shear force wall 4 of prefabricated wallboard of upper assembled with the fishplate 8 on the prefabricated wallboard of lower floor's assembled through bolt 13, two liang of welding that correspond of four steel columns 9 of upper and lower two-layer simultaneously.
After the prefabricated wall panel is assembled, a gap between the upper and lower layers of the assembled prefabricated wall panels is plugged by adopting light concrete and mortar.
Example two:
the present embodiment is substantially the same as the first embodiment, and the difference is only that:
as shown in fig. 6 and 7, two sides of the steel plate shear wall 15 are respectively connected with a first wall plate supporting framework 16 and a second wall plate supporting framework 17, and the second wall plate supporting framework 17 is provided with a door opening. The steel plate shear wall 15 is welded on the steel beam 14, one end of the steel beam 14 and the first wallboard support framework 16 are welded on one steel column 18, and the other end of the steel beam 14 and the second wallboard support framework 17 are welded on the other steel column 18.
The fishplates 19 are arranged on the steel beams 14 and correspond to the steel plate shear walls 15.
When the prefabricated wallboard of upper and lower two-layer assembled, its assembly method is the same with embodiment one, does not do this and does not describe.
Example three:
the present embodiment is substantially the same as the first embodiment, and the difference is only that:
as shown in fig. 8 and 9, two sides of the steel plate shear wall 21 are connected to a third wall plate supporting framework 22 and a fourth wall plate supporting framework 23, respectively, and the fourth wall plate supporting framework 23 is provided with a door opening. The steel plate shear wall 21 is welded on the steel beam 20, one end of the steel beam 20 and the third wallboard support frame 22 are welded on one steel column 24, and the other end of the steel beam 20 and the fourth wallboard support frame 23 are welded on the other steel column 24.
The steel plate shear wall 21 is not provided with stiffening ribs, but a plurality of vertical joints 26 are arranged side by side at intervals, and through the vertical joints 26, the steel plate shear wall 21 has the properties of columns and walls at the same time, when the steel plate shear wall 21 is subjected to small earthquake and wind load, the steel plate shear wall 21 with the vertical joints 26 can provide lateral stiffness for the structure, when the structure is subjected to rare earthquake, the steel plate shear wall 21 can generate better plastic deformation, and the earthquake damage is reduced to the maximum extent.
In order to reduce stress concentration and ensure the safety and stability of the building, the end of the vertical seam 26 is formed into a circular arc shape in the present embodiment.
The fishplates 25 are arranged on the steel beams 20 and correspond to the steel plate shear walls 21.
When the prefabricated wallboard of upper and lower two-layer assembled, its assembly method is the same with embodiment one, does not do this and does not describe.
The above is the utility model discloses the three embodiment of prefabricated wallboard of assembled can know by above-mentioned embodiment, the utility model discloses the problem that current steel construction prefabricated building antidetonation effect is poor and assembly efficiency is low has been solved to the prefabricated wallboard of assembled, has improved antidetonation effect and assembly efficiency, has guaranteed building subject's wholeness, stability and security.
The present invention is not limited to the above specific embodiments, and those skilled in the art can make various changes without the labor of creation from the above conception, which falls within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. Prefabricated wallboard of assembled, its characterized in that includes the wallboard base member, the wallboard base member includes the steel skeleton, and the ligature is in reinforcing bar net around the steel skeleton, and fill the steel skeleton with filler material between the reinforcing bar net, the steel skeleton includes the girder steel, connects steel sheet shear force wall on the girder steel, and set up the girder steel with the steel column of steel sheet shear force wall lateral part, be provided with on the steel sheet shear force wall be used for with the drawknot structure that filler material is connected.
2. The prefabricated wall panel of claim 1, wherein said tie structure comprises ties disposed on opposite sides of said steel plate shear wall.
3. The prefabricated wall panel of claim 1, wherein the steel beam is provided with a fishplate for connecting with the steel plate shear wall on the upper layer, and the steel plate shear wall is provided with a connecting structure for connecting with the fishplate on the steel beam on the lower layer.
4. The prefabricated wall panel of claim 3, wherein a wall panel support frame is disposed on the steel plate shear wall.
5. The fabricated prefabricated wall panel of claim 4, wherein said steel plate shear wall is provided with stiffening ribs.
6. The prefabricated wall panel of claim 4, wherein said steel plate shear wall is provided with a perps.
7. An assembled prefabricated wall panel according to claim 6, wherein the end of said perps is radiused.
CN202120310221.4U 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 Prefabricated wallboard of assembled Active CN214696224U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120310221.4U CN214696224U (en) 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 Prefabricated wallboard of assembled

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120310221.4U CN214696224U (en) 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 Prefabricated wallboard of assembled

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214696224U true CN214696224U (en) 2021-11-12

Family

ID=78566365

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120310221.4U Active CN214696224U (en) 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 Prefabricated wallboard of assembled

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214696224U (en)

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