CN214408311U - Fiber combustion sample preparation machine - Google Patents

Fiber combustion sample preparation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214408311U
CN214408311U CN202120522832.5U CN202120522832U CN214408311U CN 214408311 U CN214408311 U CN 214408311U CN 202120522832 U CN202120522832 U CN 202120522832U CN 214408311 U CN214408311 U CN 214408311U
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Prior art keywords
damper
sample
bracket
fiber
wire
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CN202120522832.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张雪波
施楣梧
邱学明
张国权
张炳杰
张黎建
董庚亮
翟元鹏
张文斌
刘欢
杜显娟
高琮
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Laizhou Electron Instrument Co ltd
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Laizhou Electron Instrument Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fiber combustion sample preparation machine, which comprises a synchronous sample clamp and a twisting sample clamp which are respectively arranged at the left side and the right side, and a wire roller bracket used for installing a metal wire roller; the device also comprises a guide rod, a lead screw and a movable rack, wherein the guide rod and the lead screw are arranged in the left-right direction, and the movable rack is in transmission connection with the lead screw and can slide along the guide rod; the inner end of the movable rack is respectively connected with a sample bracket and a damper supporting ring, and the sample bracket is provided with a bracket wire-penetrating hole; the fiber sliver drawing device also comprises a damper with a large port and a small port at two ends respectively, wherein the small port of the damper is used for restraining the fiber sliver but allowing the fiber sliver to slide along the hole wall of the small port; the damper is provided with a damper wire penetrating hole; and a locking mechanism is arranged between the damper and the damper supporting ring. The utility model discloses it is mainly fixed that the rotatory twisting of motor drive sliver and wire wrap up, and each sample preparation operating condition is unanimous, and the finished product uniformity is guaranteed.

Description

Fiber combustion sample preparation machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a machine for preparing fibre burning sample.
Background
The fire endangers the lives and properties of people, damages economic construction, seriously influences normal work and life of people, and causes huge economic loss and personal injury. The fire hazard is caused by a plurality of reasons, so that the fire hazard caused by textiles is reduced, a basis is provided for protective materials, the textile flame-retardant technology is researched, flame-retardant textiles are developed and used, and the flame-retardant performance test is a subject for the industry. The fire prevention needs to be caught at the source, the fire protection measures also need to test the combustion performance of related fibers, and the combustion performance of the fibers is related to the basic indexes of the flame retardant performance of finished products such as yarns, woven fabrics, clothes and the like.
The fiber is made into a strip shape, and a sample prepared by fixing the fiber through a metal wire is a fiber combustion sample, and then the prepared sample is placed in a combustion test box to be subjected to combustion performance test according to a specified method.
Currently, when the sample preparation of the project is carried out, the preparation is generally carried out through manual operation, and the main defects are that: the efficiency is low, the manual operation is not standard enough, the difference of samples processed by different operators or even the same operator is large, the difference is mainly reflected in the aspects of twisting strength, twisting uniformity, sample density uniformity, the quantity and the shape of sample surface hairiness (referring to fiber ends which are not adhered to a sample main body), and the like, and the factors can influence the combustion performance test result.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a fibre burning sample preparation machine is provided, through mechanized mode preparation standard and unanimous fibre burning sample, the sample degree of consistency of preparation is better and sample surface filoplume still less.
The technical scheme of the utility model as follows:
a fiber combustion sample preparation machine comprising a frame, characterized in that: the rack is fixedly provided with a synchronous sample clamp and a twisting sample clamp, wherein the synchronous sample clamp is positioned on the left side and the right side respectively and driven by a synchronous motor to rotate; the wire roller bracket is fixedly arranged on the rack and used for mounting the metal wire roller; the rack is also fixedly provided with a guide rod in the left-right direction and a lead screw driven by a mobile motor to rotate; the movable table frame is in transmission connection with the lead screw and can slide along the guide rod; the inner end of the movable rack is respectively connected with a sample bracket and a damper supporting ring, wherein the outer end part of the sample bracket is used as a relying part of the fiber yarn strip and is used for propping against the fiber yarn strip, and the sample bracket is provided with a bracket wire feeding hole; the damper passes through the damper supporting ring from the inner side, and the large port faces the synchronous sample clamp and the small port faces the twisting sample clamp; the small port is used for restraining the fiber sliver but allowing the fiber sliver to slide along the hole wall of the small port; the damper is provided with a damper wire penetrating hole; and a locking mechanism is arranged between the damper and the damper supporting ring.
Preferably, when twisting the metal wire, the end of the metal wire led out from the metal wire roller sequentially passes through the tension hole of the tension mechanism, the bracket wire-passing hole and the damper wire-passing hole, then is led out from the large port of the damper, and then is led out and then is led into the synchronous sample wire-clamping hole.
Preferably, a tension mechanism having a tension hole for passing the wire is fixedly installed on the moving stage.
Further preferably, the tension mechanism is connected with a tension adjusting handle for adjusting the tension of the metal wire.
Preferably, the locking mechanism comprises a damper positioning pin hinged with the damper supporting ring, and a clamping groove for accommodating the clamping block is formed in the outer side of the damper; when the damper positioning pin is clamped into the clamping groove, the damper cannot rotate.
The utility model has the advantages of:
first, the utility model discloses in the twisting preparation process of fibre yarn, used special construction's attenuator, attenuator little output port is used for contacting the fibre yarn but allows the fibre yarn to slide along the pore wall of this little port, not only can make the sample thickness degree of consistency effectively improve among the slip process, can smooth out down in addition fibre yarn surface filoplume. The purpose of smoothing down the hairiness on the surface of the fiber yarn is as follows: in the combustion test, a sample is in a suspension state to induce combustion, and if the hairiness on the surface of the sample is too much, deflagration is easily caused, so that an ideal test effect cannot be obtained.
Second, the utility model discloses mainly through the rotatory twisting of motor drive fibre sliver, the number of twists of twisting can be accomplished through setting for the twisting motor minute per minute rotational speed.
Thirdly, after the twisting of the fiber yarn strip is finished, the fiber yarn strip is clamped between the synchronous motor and the sample clamp of the twisting motor to rotate oppositely, the fiber yarn strip is wrapped and fixed by the heat-resistant metal wire under the condition that the twist degree of the fiber yarn strip is unchanged, the synchronous operation of the synchronous motor and the twisting motor is synchronous on the basis that the twist degree of the fiber yarn strip is unchanged, and the synchronization is finished under the control of a computer.
Fourthly, the twisted fiber sliver is wrapped and fixed by heat-resistant metal wires, and the density and uniformity of the metal wires wrapped on the fiber sliver can be finished by setting the moving speed of the moving platform-the rotating speed of the moving motor per minute;
fifthly, the tightness of the fiber yarn strips wrapped and fixed by the heat-resistant metal wires can be finished by adjusting a tension adjusting rod of a tension device;
and sixthly, the preparation of each sample is completed by adopting the matching of the damper, the rotation speed adjustment of the twisting motor, the rotation speed adjustment of the moving motor and the opposite synchronous operation of the synchronous motor and the twisting motor, the operation conditions are consistent, and the consistency of the samples is ensured.
Seventh, the utility model discloses a control system and spacing induction system, spacing induction system can whether reach top or final position by the auto-induction movable rack, and control system can make equipment have higher degree of automation according to spacing induction system's signal control motor action, the two combination.
Eighth, when the metal wire is wrapped around the fiber yarn, the metal wire is wrapped around the binding head in a plurality of circles in parallel at the beginning end of the fiber yarn, and then wrapped around the binding head in a plurality of circles in parallel at the ending end, and the number of the circles can be set.
Ninth: all parameters of the sample preparation machine can be set by means of the touch screen display: the twisting degree of the fiber sliver, the end binding number of the metal wire and the wrapping density of the metal wire under the specified sample length are completed. The tightness of the metal wire wrapped around the fiber yarn strip can be adjusted through the tension mechanism.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-synchronous motor, 2-first fixed plate, 3-synchronous sample clamp, 4-guide rod, 5-second fixed plate, 6-lead screw, 7-final position sensor, 8-tension adjusting handle, 9-moving bench, 10-final position sensing block, 11-wire roller, 12-wire roller support, 13-wire, 14-initial position sensing block, 15-initial position sensor, 16-moving motor, 17-frame, 18-twisting motor, 19-third fixed plate, 20-twisting sample clamp, 21-fourth fixed plate, 22-fiber sliver, 23-bracket wire feed hole, 24-tension mechanism, 25-sample bracket, 26-connecting frame, 27-damper wire feed hole, 28-damper bracket ring, 29-damper, 30-damper positioning pin, 31-synchronous clamp threading hole, 32-interface circuit, 33-controller and 34-touch screen display.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following embodiments and accompanying drawings.
As fig. 1, as the utility model discloses fibre burning sample preparation machine, including frame 17, fixed mounting has first fixed plate 2 and the third fixed plate 19 that is located the left and right sides respectively in the frame 17, wherein first fixed plate 2 outside fixed mounting have synchronous machine 1, first fixed plate 2 inboard install with synchronous machine 1 transmission connection's synchronous sample presss from both sides 3, synchronous sample presss from both sides 3 has the jaw that is used for centre gripping sample tip and has seted up synchronous clamp threading hole 31. A twisting motor 18 is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the third fixing plate 19, and a twisting sample clamp 20 which is connected with the twisting motor 18 in a transmission manner and is used for clamping a jaw at the end part of a sample is arranged on the inner side of the third fixing plate 19.
The frame 17 is also fixedly provided with a second fixing plate 5 and a fourth fixing plate 21 which are respectively positioned at the left side and the right side. Wherein, a moving motor 16 is fixedly arranged at the outer side of the fourth fixed plate 21, and a guide rod 4 used as a guide rail of the moving rack 9 and a lead screw 6 in transmission connection with the moving motor 16 are respectively and fixedly arranged between the second fixed plate 5 and the fourth fixed plate 21.
The fiber combustion sample preparation machine further comprises a moving gantry 9 which is in driving connection with the lead screw 6 and can slide along the guide rod 4. The moving motor 16 drives the lead screw 6 to rotate so as to drive the moving rack 9 to slide left and right along the guide rod 4.
The fiber combustion sample preparation machine is characterized in that a fixed wire roller support 12 is arranged on the outer side of a moving rack 9 of the fiber combustion sample preparation machine, the wire roller support 12 is used for mounting a metal wire roller 11, and a tension mechanism 24 with three tension holes is further arranged on the moving rack 9. The middle hole of the three tension holes of the tension mechanism 24 is provided with a tension adjusting handle 8, and the hole position is changed through the tension adjusting handle 8 to adjust the tension of the metal wire 13. The inner end of the movable stage 9 is connected with a sample bracket 25 and a damper ring 28 through a connecting frame 26. The outer end part of the sample bracket 25 is used as a leaning part of the fiber yarn 22, a bracket threading hole 23 is formed in the sample bracket 25, and the fiber yarn 22 is used for propping against the fiber yarn 22 when being wrapped around the metal wire 13.
The fiber combustion sample preparation machine further comprises a damper 29 with a large port and a small port at two ends, wherein the damper 29 penetrates through the damper backing ring 28 from the inner side, and the large port faces the synchronous sample clamp 3 and the small port faces the twisting sample clamp 20. The small port is used for restraining the fiber yarn 22 but allowing the fiber yarn 22 to slide along the hole wall of the small port, so that the sample is more uniform in thickness and the surface hairiness of the fiber yarn is smoothed in the sliding process. The jaws of the synchronous sample clamp 3, the jaws of the twisting sample clamp 20 and the central point of the small port are in the same straight line, and the straight line is taken as the running track axis of the fiber sliver 22. The damper 29 is provided with a damper threading hole 27. The damper supporting ring 28 is hinged with a damper positioning pin 30, and the outer side of the damper 29 is provided with a clamping groove for accommodating the fixture block. When the damper positioning pin 30 is clamped in the clamping groove, the damper 29 cannot rotate, and when the damper positioning pin 30 is released, the damper 29 rotates synchronously with the fiber sliver 22 under the mutual friction action of the inner wall of the small port and the fiber sliver 22.
After the twisting of the fiber sliver 22 is finished, the tail end of the tensioned fiber sliver 22 is clamped by the synchronous sample clamp 3, the damper positioning pin 30 is lifted to be positioned, before the metal wire is wrapped, the end of the metal wire led out from the metal wire roller 11 sequentially passes through 3 tension holes of the tension mechanism 24, the bracket wire-passing hole 23 and the damper wire-passing hole 27 and then is led out from a large port of the damper, and the metal wire is led out and then passes through the synchronous sample wire-clamping hole 30.
Still referring to fig. 1, the machine further comprises a control system and a position-limiting sensing device connected to said control system.
In particular, the control system includes a controller 33, an interface circuit 32, and a touch screen display 34. The controller 33 is connected to the interface circuit 32 and the touch screen display 34, respectively. The limit sensing device comprises a start position sensing block 14 and a final position sensing block 10 which are arranged on the movable rack 9, and further comprises a start position sensor 15 and a final position sensor 7 which are arranged on the rack 17. The start sensor 15 operates in correspondence with the start sensing block 14, and the end sensor 7 operates in correspondence with the end sensing block 10.
The sensors and motors are connected to a controller 33 via an interface circuit 32. The controller 33 is used to control the operation of each motor. Further, the controller 33 may also make a logic judgment according to the detection signals of the sensors, so as to implement automatic control: when the movable rack 9 walks, the initial position sensor 15 outputs an initial position reaching signal when sensing the initial position sensing block 14; when the final position sensor 7 senses the final position sensing block 10, a final position arrival signal is output. After receiving the start position arrival signal or the end position arrival signal, the controller 33 controls the currently operating motor to stop rotating, and waits for entering the next process.
The operator can control and acquire the current working state through the touch screen display 34, and can also set parameters for the controller 33 or perform control operation.
The following is an example of the operation of the apparatus of the present invention.
Preparation of the test
Before the test, the damper 29 is required to be placed in the damper supporting ring 28, the clamping groove of the damper 29 is aligned with the damper positioning pin 30, and the damper positioning pin 30 is allowed to enter the clamping groove for positioning.
The wire roll 11 is loaded into the roll holder 12. Through a tension mechanism 24 consisting of three tension holes, the head of the metal wire 13 sequentially penetrates through the three tension holes from near to far, enters the bracket wire-penetrating hole 23 and is broken off to the rear side of the bracket wire-penetrating hole 23 for temporary fixation, the tension adjusting handle 8 is pressed downwards to increase the tension, the tension is determined according to the tightness of the winding of the sample, and the tension is adjusted to be a screwing knob.
Sample twisting
The instrument preparation test dolly 9 is automatically in the initial position: the home sensor block 14 enters the home sensor 15 control bit.
A fiber sliver 22 with moderate length is taken, the end of the fiber sliver is twisted and is sent into a damper 29 from a large opening and pulled out from a small opening, then the end is fixed in a jaw of a twisting sample clamp 20, and a twisting knob is screwed to clamp the end.
The twisting motor 18 and the moving motor 16 operate simultaneously, the twisting motor 18 drives the twisting sample clamp 20 to rotate to twist the fiber sliver 22, the moving motor 16 increases the length of the twisted fiber sliver 22 along with the operation of the moving rack 9, and when the final position sensing block 10 of the moving rack 9 enters the control position of the final position sensor 7, the twisting of the fiber sliver 22 is stopped after the twisting reaches the sample length.
Wrapping wire
Clamping the tail end of the twisted fiber sliver 22 into a jaw of the synchronous sample clamp 3, drawing the metal wire end temporarily fixed on the bracket wire-through hole 23, penetrating through the damper wire-through hole 27, leading out from the damper large opening, penetrating through the synchronous sample wire-clamping hole 30, and fixing the penetrated end in a different direction. The damper positioning pin 30 is opened to separate the damper 29 from the damper retainer ring 28; the twisting motor 18 and the synchronous motor 1 respectively drive the twisting sample clamp 20 and the synchronous sample clamp 3 to synchronously rotate oppositely, the metal wire 13 is wound on the twisted sliver, and the movable rack 9 reaches the initial position and automatically stops. When the metal wire 13 starts to wrap the fiber yarn 22, the fiber yarn 22 synchronously rotates oppositely under the clamping of the twisting sample clamp 20 and the synchronous sample clamp 3, the movable rack 9 is static, the metal wire 13 parallelly wraps a settable number of turns within the range of 1-10 turns at the beginning of wrapping, then the movable rack 9 moves, the metal wire 13 wraps the fiber yarn 22 according to the set density, when the metal wire wraps the fiber yarn 22 until the beginning induction block 14 enters the control position of the beginning sensor 15, the movable rack 9 finishes moving, the fiber yarn 22 still synchronously rotates oppositely under the clamping of the twisting sample clamp 20 and the synchronous sample clamp 3, and the metal wire 13 stops parallelly wrapping the settable number of turns within the range of 1-10 turns at the end of wrapping.
And (4) taking down the sample, cutting off proper parts outside the metal wires at the head and tail ends of the sample, and taking down the sample. Then, the residual sample ends in the sample clamps at the two sides are cleaned, and the next sample preparation is prepared.
Moving gantry function
The action 1 of the movable rack 9 provides a uniform length adding process for twisting the fiber yarn strip: the damper supporting ring 28 arranged on the movable rack 9 is driven to run at a constant speed, the damper 29 is arranged on the damper supporting ring 28, and the fiber sliver 22 passes through the damper 29 to complete sample twisting between the initial sensor 15 and the final sensor 7. The action 2 of the movable rack 9 is that the metal wire 13 can synchronously run along with the movable rack 9, the wrapping force (the tension determines the wrapping force) can be adjusted to be uniformly wrapped on the surface of the fiber yarn strip 22, and the movable rack after the twisting of the fiber yarn strip 22 is completed: a wire roller support 12 is mounted on a moving rack 9, a rotatable wire roller 11 is mounted on the wire roller support 12, the end of a wire 13 on the wire roller 11 enters a bracket wire penetrating hole 23 of a sample bracket 25 mounted on the moving rack 9 after passing through 3 holes at different positions of a tension mechanism 24 mounted on the moving rack 9, penetrates through a damper wire penetrating hole 27, penetrates through a synchronous sample wire clamping hole 30 after being led out from a damper large opening, the penetrated end is fixed in a different direction, and then the wire 13 is wrapped on a fiber sliver 22.

Claims (5)

1. A fiber combustion sample preparation machine comprising a frame (17), characterized in that: a synchronous sample clamp (3) which is driven by a synchronous motor (1) to rotate and a twisting sample clamp (20) which is driven by a twisting motor (18) to rotate are fixedly arranged on the rack (17), wherein the synchronous sample clamp (3) is provided with a synchronous clamp threading hole (31); the wire roller bracket (12) is fixedly arranged on the frame (17) and is used for mounting the metal wire roller (11); the rack (17) is also fixedly provided with a guide rod (4) moving left and right and a lead screw (6) driven by a mobile motor (16) to rotate; the device also comprises a moving rack (9) which is in transmission connection with the lead screw (6) and can slide along the guide rod (4); the inner end of the movable rack (9) is respectively connected with a sample bracket (25) and a damper supporting ring (28), wherein the outer end part of the sample bracket (25) is used as a depending part of the fiber sliver (22) to be used for abutting against the fiber sliver (22), and the sample bracket (25) is provided with a bracket threading hole (23); the device also comprises a damper (29) with a large port and a small port at two ends, wherein the damper (29) penetrates through the damper supporting ring (28) from the inner side, and the large port faces the synchronous sample clamp (3) and the small port faces the twisting sample clamp (20); the small port is used for restraining the fiber sliver (22) but allowing the fiber sliver (22) to slide along the hole wall of the small port; the damper (29) is provided with a damper threading hole (27); a locking mechanism is arranged between the damper (29) and the damper supporting ring (28).
2. The fiber combustion sample preparation machine of claim 1, wherein: when twisting the metal wire, the end of the metal wire led out from the metal wire roller (11) sequentially passes through a tension hole of a tension mechanism (24), a bracket wire-passing hole (23) and a damper wire-passing hole (27), then is led out from a large port of the damper, and then is led out to penetrate into a synchronous sample wire clamping hole.
3. The fiber combustion sample preparation machine of claim 1, wherein: a tension mechanism (24) with a tension hole for passing through the metal wire (13) is fixedly arranged on the movable rack (9).
4. The fiber combustion sample preparation machine of claim 3, wherein: the tension mechanism (24) is connected with a tension adjusting handle (8) for adjusting the tension of the metal wire (13).
5. The fiber combustion sample preparation machine of claim 1, wherein: the locking mechanism comprises a damper positioning pin (30) hinged with the damper supporting ring (28), and a clamping groove for accommodating the clamping block is formed in the outer side of the damper (29); when the damper positioning pin (30) is snapped into the snap groove, the damper (29) cannot rotate.
CN202120522832.5U 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Fiber combustion sample preparation machine Active CN214408311U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120522832.5U CN214408311U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Fiber combustion sample preparation machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120522832.5U CN214408311U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Fiber combustion sample preparation machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214408311U true CN214408311U (en) 2021-10-15

Family

ID=78028886

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120522832.5U Active CN214408311U (en) 2021-03-12 2021-03-12 Fiber combustion sample preparation machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214408311U (en)

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