CN214320960U - Defect veneer sorting machine - Google Patents

Defect veneer sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214320960U
CN214320960U CN202120038246.3U CN202120038246U CN214320960U CN 214320960 U CN214320960 U CN 214320960U CN 202120038246 U CN202120038246 U CN 202120038246U CN 214320960 U CN214320960 U CN 214320960U
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China
Prior art keywords
defect
transmission shaft
transmission
conveying
chain
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Application number
CN202120038246.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史清
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Linyi Lanshan Zhongfu Machinery Factory
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Linyi Lanshan Zhongfu Machinery Factory
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Priority to CN202120038246.3U priority Critical patent/CN214320960U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a defect veneer sorting machine belongs to panel machinery. Including defect identification system and at least one defect letter sorting station, the defect identification system includes box, discernment camera and industrial computer, the discernment camera is located in the box to the industrial computer is connected in the communication, defect letter sorting station is equipped with conveyor and goes up and down to deposit the board device, conveyor includes the conveyer frame and locates drive roller set mechanism and the hypoplastron mechanism in the conveyer frame, the front end of conveyer frame is located to drive roller set mechanism, hypoplastron mechanism locates on the conveyer frame at drive roller set mechanism rear. The utility model discloses can realize carrying out automatic letter sorting with the veneer of defect according to different defect kinds, degree of automation is high, and the letter sorting is efficient, has saved the human cost greatly, and the standard of defect letter sorting is unified moreover.

Description

Defect veneer sorting machine
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to a panel machinery, specifically speaking especially relates to a defect veneer sorting machine.
Background
Due to the inconsistent quality of wood, various defects such as cracks, holes, color differences, scars and the like are inevitably generated in the process of processing the board. It is therefore necessary to sort out the defective veneers and then to sort and repair them one by one. At present, the single plates are sorted manually, the plates need to be checked manually one by one, manual sorting and classification are carried out according to defect types, the efficiency is very low, the labor cost is high, and the defect classification and classification standards are different from person to person and are difficult to unify.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a defect veneer sorting machine to overcome the veneer sorting of defect among the prior art and adopt the inefficiency that manual operation leads to in grades, the cost of labor height and the non-uniform defect of standard.
The utility model discloses an adopt following technical scheme to realize:
the utility model provides a defect veneer sorting machine, includes defect identification system and at least one defect letter sorting station, the defect identification system includes box, discernment camera and industrial computer, the discernment camera is located in the box to the industrial computer is connected in the communication, defect letter sorting station is equipped with conveyor and goes up and down to deposit the board device, conveyor includes the conveyer frame and locates drive roller set mechanism and the hypoplastron mechanism on the conveyer frame, the front end of conveyer frame is located to drive roller set mechanism, hypoplastron mechanism locates in the conveyer frame at drive roller set mechanism rear.
The front end of the sinking sorting station is also provided with a plurality of separating stations, the positions of the separating stations are provided with a conveying device, a lifting plate storage device and an inductive switch, and the inductive switch is arranged on the driving roller set mechanism.
The lower plate mechanism comprises an air cylinder, a connecting rod and a movable baffle plate, the movable baffle plate is movably connected to the conveying rack through a rotating shaft, one end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the movable baffle plate, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to a working rod of the air cylinder, and the air cylinder is fixed to the conveying rack.
The board device is deposited in lift is including depositing the grillage, depositing board platform, lift actuating mechanism, transfer conveying mechanism and inductive switch, deposit the board platform and deposit board frame swing joint, lift actuating mechanism is connected with depositing the transmission of board platform, it locates to deposit the grillage bottom to shift conveying mechanism, inductive switch locates on depositing the grillage.
The lifting driving mechanism comprises a first transmission motor, a lifting chain, a transmission shaft A and a transmission shaft B, the first transmission motor is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft A, and the lifting chain is connected with chain wheels on the transmission shaft A and the transmission shaft B respectively.
The transfer conveying mechanism comprises a second transmission motor, a transmission shaft C, a transfer conveying chain and a transmission shaft D, the second transmission motor is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft C, and the transmission shaft C is connected with the transmission shaft D through the transfer conveying chain and a chain wheel.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model discloses can realize carrying out automatic letter sorting with the veneer of defect according to different defect kinds, degree of automation is high, and the letter sorting is efficient, has saved the human cost greatly, and the standard of defect letter sorting is unified moreover.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of section I of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the lifting plate storage device of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a plan view of the lifting plate storage device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a conveying device; 11. a conveyor frame; 12. a round roller; 13. a lower plate mechanism; 131. a cylinder; 132. a connecting rod; 133. a movable baffle; 14. a drive roller set mechanism; 2. a defect identification system; 3. a plate storage device is lifted; 31. storing a plate frame; 32. a board storage platform; 33. a lifting drive mechanism; 331. a first transmission motor; 332. a lifting chain; 333. a transmission shaft A; 334. a transmission shaft B; 34. a transfer conveying mechanism; 341. a second transmission motor; 342. a transmission shaft C; 343. transferring the conveying chain; 344. a transmission shaft D; 4. a plurality of separation stations; 5. and a defect sorting station.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, figure 2, defect veneer sorting machine, including defect identification system 2 and at least one defect letter sorting station 5, defect letter sorting station 5 is equipped with conveyor 1 and goes up and down to deposit board device 3, 5 kinds of defect that quantity according to the required screening of veneer at defect letter sorting station are confirmed. The utility model discloses a sort the defect veneer according to defect kind, and the veneer that does not have the defect is then conveyed conveyor 1 end.
The conveying device 1 comprises a conveying rack 11, a round roller 12, a lower plate mechanism 13 and a driving roller set mechanism 14, wherein the driving roller set mechanism 14 is arranged at the front end of the conveying rack 11, the lower plate mechanism 13 is arranged on the conveying rack 11 behind the driving roller set mechanism 14, and the driving roller set mechanism 14 comprises two driving rollers which are arranged up and down and a power mechanism which is in transmission connection with the driving rollers.
The defect identification system 2 comprises a box body, an identification camera and an industrial computer, wherein the identification camera is arranged in the box body and is in communication connection with the industrial computer, and the box body is arranged on the conveying rack 11. The working principle of the defect identification system 2 is as follows: the identification camera shoots the picture of the single board passing through and transmits the picture to the industrial computer, the industrial computer compares the picture with the picture in the database through an identification program to identify the defect type of the single board, and controls the lower board mechanism 13 of the conveying device 1 of the corresponding defect sorting station 5 and the lifting board storage device 3 to work, so that the defect single board falls into the lifting board storage device 3 corresponding to the defect sorting station 5.
The front end of the defect sorting station 5 is also provided with a plurality of separation stations 4, the positions of the plurality of separation stations 4 are provided with a conveying device 1, a lifting plate storage device 3 and an inductive switch, the conveying device 1 comprises a conveying rack 11, a driving roller mechanism 12, a driving roller set mechanism 14 and a lower plate mechanism 13, and the inductive switch is arranged on the driving roller set mechanism 14. The working principle of the multiple separation stations 4 is as follows: when a single veneer passes through the driving roller set mechanism 14, the induction switch is not shielded, the lower plate mechanisms 13 and the lifting plate storage devices 3 of the multiple separation stations 4 do not work, when the multiple veneers pass through the driving roller set mechanism 14, the induction switch is shielded, the induction switch sends a control signal, and at the moment, the lower plate mechanisms 13 and the lifting plate storage devices 3 of the multiple separation stations 4 work, so that the multiple veneers fall into the lifting plate storage devices 3 of the multiple separation stations 4 through the lower plate mechanisms 13.
As shown in fig. 3, the lower plate mechanism 13 includes an air cylinder 131, a connecting rod 132, and a movable baffle 133, the movable baffle 133 is movably connected to the conveying frame 11 through a rotating shaft, one end of the connecting rod 132 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft of the movable baffle 133, the other end is hinged to a working rod of the air cylinder 131, and the air cylinder 131 is fixed to the conveying frame 11. The working principle of the lower plate mechanism 13 is as follows: after the cylinder 131 receives the action signal, the telescopic rod of the cylinder 131 extends out, the front end of the movable baffle 133 is driven by the connecting rod 132 to tilt upwards, the passing veneer is blocked by the movable baffle 133, the veneer bends downwards, the movement direction of the veneer is changed from horizontal movement to downward movement, and finally the veneer falls on the lifting plate storage device 4 at the bottom.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the lifting plate storage device 3 includes a plate storage rack 31, a plate storage platform 32, a lifting driving mechanism 33, a transfer conveying mechanism 34 and a sensing switch, the plate storage platform 32 is movably connected with the plate storage rack 31, the lifting driving mechanism 33 is in transmission connection with the plate storage platform 32, the transfer conveying mechanism 34 is arranged at the bottom of the plate storage rack 31, and the sensing switch is arranged on the plate storage rack 31. The lifting driving mechanism 33 comprises a first transmission motor 331, a lifting chain 332, a transmission shaft A333 and a transmission shaft B334, wherein the first transmission motor 331 is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft A333, and the lifting chain 332 is respectively connected with chain wheels on the transmission shaft A333 and the transmission shaft B334. The transfer conveying mechanism 34 comprises a second transmission motor 341, a transmission shaft C342, a transfer conveying chain 343 and a transmission shaft D344, wherein the second transmission motor 341 is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft C342, and the transmission shaft C342 is connected with the transmission shaft C342 through the transfer conveying chain 343 and a chain wheel. The working principle of the lifting plate storage device 3 is as follows: during operation, the plate storage platform 32 rises to the initial position, and when the number of the single plates falling onto the plate storage platform 32 reaches a certain number, the inductive switch sends a control signal, the plate storage platform 32 is driven by the lifting driving mechanism 33 to descend to the bottom, the single plates fall onto the transfer conveying chain 343 of the transfer conveying mechanism 34, and the transfer conveying mechanism 34 drives the transfer conveying chain 343 to convey the single plates out.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: when a single veneer passes through the driving roller group mechanisms 14 of the multiple separation stations 4, the lower plate mechanisms 13 and the lifting plate storage devices 3 of the multiple separation stations 4 do not work, the veneer is continuously conveyed to the defect sorting station 5, the defect type is contrastively analyzed through the defect identification system 2, the defective veneer falls into the lifting plate storage device 3 of the corresponding defect sorting station 5, and the veneer without the defect is transmitted to the tail stacking and packaging through the conveying device 1; when a plurality of single boards pass through the driving roller group mechanisms 14 of the plurality of separation stations 4, the induction switch is shielded, the induction switch sends a control signal, and at the moment, the lower board mechanisms 13 and the lifting board storage devices 3 of the plurality of separation stations 5 work, so that the plurality of single boards fall onto the lifting board storage devices 3 of the plurality of separation stations 4 through the lower board mechanisms 13.

Claims (6)

1. A defective veneer sorting machine is characterized in that: including defect identification system (2) and at least one defect letter sorting station (5), defect identification system (2) include box, discernment camera and industrial computer, the discernment camera is located in the box to industrial computer is connected in the communication, defect letter sorting station (5) are equipped with conveyor (1) and go up and down and deposit board device (3), conveyor (1) is including carrying frame (11) and locating drive roller set mechanism (14) and hypoplastron mechanism (13) on carrying frame (11), the front end of carrying frame (11) is located in drive roller set mechanism (14), hypoplastron mechanism (13) are located on the transport frame (11) at drive roller set mechanism (14) rear.
2. The defective veneer sorter according to claim 1, wherein: the front end of the sinking sorting station (5) is also provided with a plurality of separation stations (4), the positions of the plurality of separation stations (4) are provided with a conveying device (1), a lifting plate storage device (3) and an inductive switch, and the inductive switch is arranged on the driving roller set mechanism (14).
3. The defective veneer sorter according to claim 1, wherein: the lower plate mechanism (13) comprises an air cylinder (131), a connecting rod (132) and a movable baffle plate (133), the movable baffle plate (133) is movably connected to the conveying rack (11) through a rotating shaft, one end of the connecting rod (132) is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of the movable baffle plate (133), the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to a working rod of the air cylinder (131), and the air cylinder (131) is fixed to the conveying rack (11).
4. The defective veneer sorter according to claim 1, wherein: lift is deposited board device (3) including depositing grillage (31), depositing board platform (32), lift actuating mechanism (33), transferring conveying mechanism (34) and inductive switch, deposit board platform (32) and deposit board platform (31) swing joint, lift actuating mechanism (33) is connected with depositing board platform (32) transmission, it locates and deposits grillage (31) bottom to transfer conveying mechanism (34), inductive switch locates and deposits on grillage (31).
5. The defective veneer sorter according to claim 4, wherein: the lifting driving mechanism (33) comprises a first transmission motor (331), a lifting chain (332), a transmission shaft A (333) and a transmission shaft B (334), wherein the first transmission motor (331) is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft A (333), and the lifting chain (332) is connected with chain wheels on the transmission shaft A (333) and the transmission shaft B (334) respectively.
6. The defective veneer sorter according to claim 4, wherein: the transfer conveying mechanism (34) comprises a second transmission motor (341), a transmission shaft C (342), a transfer conveying chain (343) and a transmission shaft D (344), the second transmission motor (341) is in transmission connection with the transmission shaft C (342), and the transmission shaft C (342) is connected with the transmission shaft D (344) through the transfer conveying chain (343) and a chain wheel.
CN202120038246.3U 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Defect veneer sorting machine Active CN214320960U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120038246.3U CN214320960U (en) 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Defect veneer sorting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120038246.3U CN214320960U (en) 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Defect veneer sorting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214320960U true CN214320960U (en) 2021-10-01

Family

ID=77905181

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120038246.3U Active CN214320960U (en) 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Defect veneer sorting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214320960U (en)

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