CN214302989U - Build assembled garage parking on ground additional - Google Patents

Build assembled garage parking on ground additional Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214302989U
CN214302989U CN202022776490.8U CN202022776490U CN214302989U CN 214302989 U CN214302989 U CN 214302989U CN 202022776490 U CN202022776490 U CN 202022776490U CN 214302989 U CN214302989 U CN 214302989U
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China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated
garage
ground
slope
roof
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CN202022776490.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞庆彬
白洁
管启明
刘萍
马昕煦
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an add and build assembled garage parking on ground, including precast pile, prefabricated cushion cap, prefabricated post, precast beam and prefabricated roof, the precast pile squeezes into former ground, prefabricated cushion cap connect in the pile head of precast pile just the top surface of prefabricated cushion cap flushes with former ground, prefabricated post install in prefabricated cushion cap top, cast-in-place ground is pour into in former ground, prefabricated beam install in the top of prefabricated post, prefabricated roof install in the prefabricated beam top, prefabricated roof flushes with former floor roof plate, in cast-in-place ground with form the garage space between the prefabricated roof. The assembly type parking garage is completely assembled by prefabricated components such as prefabricated piles, prefabricated bearing platforms, prefabricated columns, prefabricated beams and prefabricated roofs, is convenient to install, short in construction period, low in cost and small in influence on surrounding work and life.

Description

Build assembled garage parking on ground additional
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction engineering technical field especially relates to an add and build assembled garage parking on ground.
Background
Due to the laggard planning and construction standards, parking spaces are not reserved enough in residential areas or other working and living places with long-term buildings. The vehicles are parked in disorder, the buildings are broken, the landscape setting is unreasonable, the overground space is crowded, and the traveling safety of people cannot be guaranteed. The existing building is added with the form that the garage parking was mostly selected to build the underground garage additional, this technique need excavate the foundation ditch around existing building and rebuild the garage, and not only the technical degree of difficulty is big, and factor of safety is low moreover, influences greatly to building on every side, invests in height, construction period long, not environmental protection, works to this regional masses, life influences greatly. A small part of parking garage built on the ground or semi-underground is theoretically feasible, but is difficult to operate in practice, because the influence on the residents on the bottom layer is large, and the building difficulty is large due to narrow space, the cost is high due to cast-in-place, and the external capital introduction is difficult to realize while the problem of parking a part of parking is solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the shortcoming and the deficiency that prior art exists, the utility model provides an add and build assembled garage parking on the ground can solve the not enough problem in current district parking stall, and the time limit for a project weak point, can save the cost.
The utility model provides a technical scheme does: the utility model provides an add and build assembled garage parking on ground, its includes precast pile, prefabricated cushion cap, prefabricated post, precast beam and prefabricated roof, the precast pile is squeezed into former ground, prefabricated cushion cap connect in the pile head of precast pile just the top surface of prefabricated cushion cap flushes with former ground, prefabricated post install in prefabricated cushion cap top, cast-in-place ground is pour into on former ground, prefabricated beam install in the top of prefabricated post, prefabricated roof install in prefabricated beam top, prefabricated roof flushes with former floor roof plate, in cast-in-place ground with form the garage space between the prefabricated roof.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking still includes prefabricated wallboard, the bottom of prefabricated wallboard connect in cast-in-place ground, the top of prefabricated wallboard connect in prefabricated roof.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment in assembled garage parking, motor vehicle access & exit has been seted up to prefabricated wallboard.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking, the garage space is other former ground adopts earthing or concrete to look for the slope and forms pavement and/or non-motor way, pavement and/or non-motor way with the certain slope certainly former ground extends to the top surface of prefabricated roof.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking, the top surface cast in situ reinforced concrete roof of prefabricated roof, the top of reinforced concrete roof look for the slope form with the slope unanimous slope of pavement and/or non-motor way, pavement and/or non-motor way upwards extend to the slope top.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking, the garage space in one side on pavement and/or non-motor way place slope is provided with prefabricated wallboard, highly being less than of prefabricated wallboard the height of prefabricated post, prefabricated roof beam and prefabricated roof between the top of prefabricated wallboard and the top of the prefabricated post that closes on are the slope setting.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment in assembled garage parking, pavement and/or non-motor way place slope and earthing and planting afforestation on the slope of prefabricated roof top.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking, pavement and/or non-motor lane place slope and pour the concrete road surface on the slope of prefabricated roof top.
As the utility model discloses the embodiment of assembled garage parking adopts static pressure method pile sinking mode to squeeze into at the original place around former building the precast pile, the precast roof flushes with the floor roof of former first floor, with former first floor space with the garage space link up to add in former building top and build new floor.
The utility model discloses owing to adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, make it have following beneficial effect:
1. the assembly type parking garage is completely assembled by prefabricated components such as prefabricated piles, prefabricated bearing platforms, prefabricated columns, prefabricated beams, prefabricated top plates and the like, is convenient to install, short in construction period and low in cost, and has little influence on surrounding work and life;
2. a slope is arranged between the original ground and a prefabricated top plate of the additional building parking garage, so that pedestrians or non-motor vehicles can be supplied, convenience is brought to residents for leisure and traveling, vehicles run in the additional building parking garage, people and vehicles are separated, and potential safety hazards are solved;
3. the slope is arranged on the original ground beside the additionally built parking garage and above the prefabricated top plate of the parking garage, and the green belts are planted on the slope, so that the green area can be greatly increased, and the living environment is improved;
4. the prefabricated roof height of the additional building parking garage is consistent with the floor roof elevation of the original first floor, residents of the original first floor can move away from the top floor to the additional building floor, the original first floor can be used as a storage room or a bicycle parking garage, an elevator can be additionally built on the original floor, and the problem that the existing elevator is additionally installed is solved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a vertical view of a lateral structure of an overground assembled parking garage according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion of the structure of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a vertical view of the vertical structure of the assembled parking garage on the ground according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 and 5 are perspective views of the assembled parking garage on the ground and the original ground at different angles.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a building before an overground garage is built.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of a building after an aboveground garage is built.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that, in the present invention, the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, as the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. appear, the indicated orientation or positional relationship thereof is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but does not indicate or imply that the indicated device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" as appearing herein are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being either fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The utility model provides a need not the foundation ditch excavation and can add the garage parking method of building on ground, this type garage is full prefabricated assembly structure, when satisfying all functions of current underground garage parking, will all attached buildings except the view on the ground keep and make it be in underground space in adding the garage of building. The garage parking space is saved, the ground greening area and entertainment facilities are increased, people and vehicles are shunted, and the living environment of residents is improved while garage parking is met. The method has the advantages of short construction period, low construction cost, small construction influence and the like, and provides a brand new idea for parking and environment improvement of old communities.
The technical solution of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-3 and fig. 6-7 show, the embodiment of the utility model provides an add and build assembled garage on ground (hereinafter be referred to as "add and build the garage"), fig. 1 shows that this adds the inside structure picture of building the garage on horizontal width direction, fig. 2 shows that this adds the inside local enlarged schematic diagram of building the garage, fig. 3 shows that this adds the whole structure picture of building the inside and outside slope of building the garage on vertical length direction, fig. 6 is the building schematic diagram before adding and building the garage on the ground, fig. 7 is the building schematic diagram after adding and building the garage on the ground.
The additionally-built ground assembled parking garage comprises precast piles 11, precast bearing platforms 12, precast columns 13, precast beams 14 and precast top plates 15, all prefabricated components are adopted, and grouting sleeves or reserved steel bars can be selectively adopted for lap joint among the prefabricated components.
The precast pile 11 is driven into the original ground 10, the precast pile 11 can be driven into the original ground 10 by adopting a concrete square pile and adopting a static pressure pile sinking method, and the driving depth is determined according to the weight, the material, the hardness and the like of an additional garage, an original building and the original ground.
The prefabricated bearing platform 12 is installed after the pile head of the prefabricated pile 11 is broken, the prefabricated bearing platform 12 is also buried in the original ground 10, and the top surface of the prefabricated bearing platform 12 is flush with the original ground 10. Prefabricated post 13 is installed in prefabricated cushion cap 12 top, and prefabricated post 13 is corresponding with the quantity one-to-one of prefabricated cushion cap 12, and connects in many precast piles 11 below every prefabricated cushion cap 12. Grouting sleeve connections can be adopted between the prefabricated bearing platform 12 and the prefabricated pile 11 and between the prefabricated bearing platform 12 and the prefabricated column 13, and reinforcing steel bars are reserved at the top of the prefabricated pile 11 and the top of the prefabricated bearing platform 12 and are connected with grouting sleeve connections reserved at the bottom of the corresponding prefabricated bearing platform 12 and the bottom of the corresponding prefabricated column 13. Cast-in-place ground 16 is poured on the original ground, and the bottom of the prefabricated column 13 is embedded in the cast-in-place ground 16, so that the stability of the prefabricated column 12 is enhanced.
The precast girders 14 are installed on top of the precast columns 13, the precast roof panel 15 is installed above the precast girders 14 using a fully precast slab, and the precast roof panel 15 should be flush with the original floor roof panel, e.g., the floor roof of the first floor of the original building. A garage space is formed between the cast-in-place ground 16 and the prefabricated roof 15, and the motor vehicle can be parked. The precast beams 14 and the precast columns 13 and the precast beams 14 and the precast top plates 15 can be connected by grouting sleeves, referring to the connection mode between the precast pile caps 12 and the precast columns 13.
Further, in order to seal the garage space, prefabricated wall panels 17 can be further arranged, the garage space is enclosed and blocked in the prefabricated wall panels 17, the bottom of the prefabricated wall panels 17 is poured into the cast-in-place ground 16, the top of the prefabricated wall panels 17 can be connected to the prefabricated top plate 15 through grouting sleeves, and if the prefabricated beam is met, the top of the prefabricated wall panels 17 is connected with the prefabricated beam through grouting sleeves. Prefabricated wallboard 17 further can be connected with prefabricated post to utilize the intensity of prefabricated post reinforcing prefabricated wallboard, prefabricated wallboard can adopt the reserved reinforcing bar overlap joint when being connected with prefabricated post, and later stage forms overall rigid structure at overlap joint part cast in situ concrete. The prefabricated wall panel 17 is provided with a motor vehicle entrance 191, and vehicles can enter the garage space from the motor vehicle entrance 191.
Referring to fig. 2, the elevation change of the additional building garage after the additional building is completed is shown, h1 is the original ground elevation, h2 is the top elevation of the prefabricated top plate 15 of the additional building garage, and in the embodiment, the elevation of the prefabricated top plate 15 is the top elevation of the first floor of the original building. The height of the added garage is consistent with the floor height of the original first floor, the floors can be added upwards on the top floor of the original building, as shown in figures 6 and 7, the building before the addition is a six-storey building, the building after the addition is a seven-storey building, residents in the first floor are placed on the added floors on the top floor, or a floor of a house is additionally built according to the situation of a residential area, vehicles run on the ground at the height level and can directly enter the garage space through a motor vehicle access 191, as shown in figure 7, pedestrians and non-motor vehicles can walk above the prefabricated top plate 15 of the added garage, in order to facilitate the pedestrians and the non-motor vehicles to walk to the prefabricated top plate elevation of the garage from the original ground elevation, the original ground beside the garage space can be covered with soil or concrete to find slopes to form a first slope 181, a secondary access 191 is arranged along the first slope 181, and the secondary access can be a sidewalk or a non-motor vehicle lane, a sidewalk or non-motor way 192 extends at a grade from the original ground to the top surface of the prefabricated roof. By the design, people and vehicles can be shunted, and potential safety hazards are avoided.
Preferably, a waterproof reinforced concrete roof (not shown) is cast in place on the top surface of the prefabricated roof 15, a second slope 182 corresponding to the slope of the sidewalk or the non-motor vehicle lane is formed above the waterproof reinforced concrete roof, the sidewalk or the non-motor vehicle lane extends upwards to the top of the second slope 182, so that the first slope 181 and the second slope 182 form a complete slope surface, as shown in fig. 3, h3 is the new ground elevation, residents move on the new ground, and vehicles run on the original ground.
As shown in fig. 3, a prefabricated wall panel 17 is disposed on one side of a first slope where a sidewalk or a non-motor vehicle lane is located in the garage space, a waterproof structure can be arranged on the outer side of the prefabricated wall panel for separating the garage space from soil or concrete of the first slope outside, so as to prevent water and soil from invading into the garage space, the height of the prefabricated wall panel 17 is lower than that of an adjacent prefabricated column 13, and a prefabricated beam and a prefabricated roof 15 between the top of the prefabricated wall panel 17 and the top of an adjacent prefabricated column 13 are arranged in an inclined manner.
Preferably, a waterproof structure, covering planting soil and planting green belts can be arranged on the first slope 181 and the second slope 182, so that the greening area is greatly increased, and the living environment is improved. The positions of sidewalks or non-motor vehicle lanes on the first slope 181 do not need to be covered with planting soil and planting green belts, and concrete is poured to form a road surface, so that the walking is facilitated.
Fig. 4 and 5 are perspective views of the assembled parking garage 1 and the original ground 10 from different angles, which are not shown in the figure. The precast piles 11 are uniformly driven around the original building on the original site surface, and the supporting requirement is met. And (3) in cooperation with the drawings 1-3, a prefabricated pile cap 12 is installed after the pile head of the prefabricated pile 11 is broken away, a prefabricated column 13 is installed above the prefabricated pile cap 12, a prefabricated beam 14 is installed at the top of the prefabricated column 13, and a prefabricated top plate 15 is installed above the prefabricated beam 14. The elevation of the bottom layer is the original ground, and the elevation of the top layer is the top of the building. And arranging residents on one floor on the original building to build one or two floors, or additionally building one floor of house according to the conditions of the residential area. The vehicle directly enters the overground garage through the motor vehicle entrance and exit, and a passageway for people and bicycles is built at the entrance and exit in addition, so that people and vehicles are shunted.
After the precast pile 11, the precast pile cap 12, the precast column 13, the precast beam 14 and the precast roof 15 are assembled, the original ground is leveled, concrete is poured to form the cast-in-place ground of the garage, parking spaces are marked in the space of the garage, and partition walls are built. And redundant earthwork is placed on the top layer of the garage to be used as a covering soil layer.
The construction method of the prefabricated top plate on the top of the garage is the same as that of the top plate of the underground garage, the top plate is used as a waterproof isolation layer, a root thorn-resistant coiled material needs to be arranged on a planted roof, original ground soil is put on a slope and is backfilled to the prefabricated top plate to form a first slope and a second slope, and plant planting or road pavement is carried out after the slope is put on the slope.
Because the original first floor is surrounded by the additional garage after the additional garage, the life of residents in the original first floor is possibly influenced, the residents in the first floor can be moved away to the top additional layer, the original first floor can be used as a storage room or a bicycle parking garage, an elevator can be additionally built outside the original first floor, and the contradiction of the existing elevator addition is solved. If the garage space is not enough, the original first floor space and the additionally built garage space can be communicated and expanded.
After the overground garage is built, the original surface soil can be transported to the top of the newly-built garage for covering soil, and if the original surface soil is used as planting soil of a green belt, the whole construction process cannot cause resource waste. The assembly type parking garage is completely assembled by prefabricated components such as prefabricated piles, prefabricated bearing platforms, prefabricated columns, prefabricated beams and prefabricated roofs, is convenient to install, short in construction period, low in cost and small in influence on surrounding work and life.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not substantially depart from the scope of the embodiments of the present invention, and are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.
The technology, shape and construction parts which are not described in detail in the present invention are all known technology.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an add assembled garage parking on ground of building which characterized in that: including precast pile, prefabricated cushion cap, prefabricated post, precast beam and prefabricated roof, the precast pile is squeezed into former ground, prefabricated cushion cap connect in the pile head of precast pile just the top surface of prefabricated cushion cap flushes with former ground, prefabricated post install in cast-in-place ground is pour into to prefabricated cushion cap top, former ground, prefabricated beam install in the top of prefabricated post, prefabricated roof install in the prefabricated beam top, prefabricated roof flushes with former floor roof plate, in cast-in-place ground with form the garage space between the prefabricated roof.
2. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still include prefabricated wallboard, the bottom of prefabricated wallboard connect in cast-in-place ground, the top of prefabricated wallboard connect in the prefabricated roof.
3. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: the prefabricated wall board is provided with a motor vehicle access.
4. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and the original ground beside the garage space adopts soil covering or concrete slope finding to form a sidewalk and/or a non-motor vehicle lane, and the sidewalk and/or the non-motor vehicle lane extends from the original ground to the top surface of the prefabricated roof plate at a certain slope.
5. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 4, wherein: and a reinforced concrete top plate is cast on the top surface of the prefabricated top plate in situ, a slope consistent with the slope of the sidewalk and/or the non-motor vehicle lane is formed by slope seeking above the reinforced concrete top plate, and the sidewalk and/or the non-motor vehicle lane extends upwards to the top of the slope.
6. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the garage space in the sidewalk and/or one side on the slope of non-motor vehicle lane place is provided with prefabricated wallboard, the height of prefabricated wallboard is less than the height of prefabricated post, the precast beam and the prefabricated roof between the top of prefabricated wallboard and the top of the prefabricated post that closes on are the slope setting.
7. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 5, wherein: and covering soil on the slope where the sidewalk and/or the non-motor vehicle lane are/is located and the slope above the prefabricated top plate, and planting greening.
8. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 5, wherein: and pouring concrete pavement on the slope where the sidewalk and/or the non-motor vehicle lane are/is located and the slope above the prefabricated roof.
9. An add-on-floor assembled parking garage as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and driving the precast pile into the original site around the original building by adopting a static pressure pile sinking mode, wherein the precast top plate is flush with the floor top plate of the original first floor, the space of the original first floor is communicated with the garage space, and a new floor is additionally built at the top of the original building.
CN202022776490.8U 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Build assembled garage parking on ground additional Active CN214302989U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022776490.8U CN214302989U (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Build assembled garage parking on ground additional

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022776490.8U CN214302989U (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Build assembled garage parking on ground additional

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CN214302989U true CN214302989U (en) 2021-09-28

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114439267A (en) * 2022-02-16 2022-05-06 浙大城市学院 Road structure transformed from super-huge independent underground garage and construction method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114439267A (en) * 2022-02-16 2022-05-06 浙大城市学院 Road structure transformed from super-huge independent underground garage and construction method thereof
CN114439267B (en) * 2022-02-16 2024-03-22 浙大城市学院 Transformation of oversized independent underground garage into road structure and construction method thereof

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