CN213858208U - Clamp for machine tool - Google Patents

Clamp for machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213858208U
CN213858208U CN202022472837.XU CN202022472837U CN213858208U CN 213858208 U CN213858208 U CN 213858208U CN 202022472837 U CN202022472837 U CN 202022472837U CN 213858208 U CN213858208 U CN 213858208U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
rod
fixed connection
wall
spring
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Active
Application number
CN202022472837.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何卫东
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Shanghai Shangming Measuring Instrument Technology Co ltd
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Shanghai Shangming Measuring Instrument Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an anchor clamps for lathe relates to mechanical equipment technical field. This anchor clamps for lathe include workstation and splint, splint bottom fixedly connected with transfer line, transfer line bottom and connecting rod one end fixed connection, the connecting rod other end with erect baffle one side fixed connection, erect baffle opposite side and first fixture block fixed connection, erect the first rack bar of baffle bottom fixedly connected with, first rack bar bottom and gear engagement, the gear rotates with the workstation inner wall to be connected. This anchor clamps for lathe is placed the machined part and is pressed downwards at the lifter plate top, and two splint can be automatic move towards the machined part and fix the machined part, also only need press down after finishing processing and dismantle the button and can make two splint break away from the machined part, have abandoned traditional bolt and threaded rod control splint's method, have greatly reduced the time that consumes of adjusting this anchor clamps, and then have improved the machining efficiency of lathe.

Description

Clamp for machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, specifically be an anchor clamps for lathe.
Background
Machine tools are machines for manufacturing machines, also called machine tools or machine tools, which are conventionally referred to as machine tools for short. Generally, the machining method is divided into a metal cutting machine, a forging machine, a woodworking machine and the like. The methods for machining machine parts in modern machine manufacturing are numerous: in addition to cutting, casting, forging, welding, pressing, extruding, etc., however, in general, a part requiring high precision and fine surface roughness is finished by cutting on a machine tool. A lathe is a machine tool for turning a rotating workpiece mainly with a lathe tool. The lathe can also be used for corresponding processing by using a drill bit, a reamer, a screw tap, a die, a knurling tool and the like. Lathes are used primarily for machining shafts, discs, sleeves and other workpieces having a surface of revolution, and are the most widely used type of machine tool in machine manufacturing and repair plants.
In the machine tool working process, the position of the workpiece is required to be fixed by using the clamp, the workpiece is prevented from moving in the machining process, the existing clamp is used for adjusting the attachment and separation between the clamping plate and the workpiece through the threaded rod and the bolt, but the time required by the adjusting mode is long, so that the machining efficiency of the machine tool is low, and certain limitation is realized.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Technical problem to be solved
The utility model provides a not enough to prior art, the utility model provides a fixture for machine tool has solved the problem of proposing among the above-mentioned background art.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a clamp for a machine tool comprises a workbench and a clamp plate, wherein a transmission rod is fixedly connected to the bottom of the clamp plate, the bottom end of the transmission rod is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod, the other end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with one side of a vertical baffle plate, the other side of the vertical baffle plate is fixedly connected with a first clamping block, a first rack rod is fixedly connected to the bottom of the vertical baffle plate, the bottom of the first rack rod is meshed with a gear, the gear is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the workbench, the bottom of the gear is meshed with a second rack rod, one end of the second rack rod is movably connected with a vertical rod through a hydraulic pipeline, the outer wall of the hydraulic pipeline is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench, the top end of the vertical rod is fixedly connected with a supporting plate, the top of the supporting plate is fixedly connected with a lifting plate through a supporting rod, the lifting plate is positioned above the workbench, and a second clamping block is arranged on one side, which the first clamping block is close to the gear, the bottom of the second clamping block is fixedly connected with one end of a transmission rope, the other end of the transmission rope is fixedly connected with the movable plate, and one side of the movable plate is fixedly connected with the disassembly button.
Preferably, one side of the transmission rod is fixedly connected with the sleeve rod, the sleeve rod is sleeved inside the limiting sleeve, and the outer wall of the limiting sleeve is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench.
Preferably, the support rod is sleeved inside the first spring, and two ends of the first spring are respectively fixedly connected with the lifting plate and the top of the workbench.
Preferably, the bottom of the second fixture block is fixedly connected with a second spring, the bottom end of the second spring is fixedly connected with a support frame, the bottom of the support frame is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench, the support frame is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the fixing sleeve, and the fixing sleeve is sleeved outside the second fixture block.
Preferably, the transmission rope is attached to the surfaces of the first fixing column and the second fixing column, the first fixing column and the second fixing column are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench, the first fixing column is located at the bottom of the second clamping block, and the second fixing column is located on one side where the movable plate is connected with the disassembling button.
Preferably, one side of the movable plate, which is far away from the disassembling button, is fixedly connected with one end of a third spring, and the other side of the third spring is fixedly connected with the supporting frame.
(III) advantageous effects
The utility model provides a fixture for machine tool. The method has the following beneficial effects:
(1) this anchor clamps for lathe places the machined part when the lifter plate top is pressed downwards, and two splint can be automatic move towards the machined part and fix the machined part, also only need press down after finishing processing and dismantle the button and can make two splint break away from the machined part, have abandoned traditional bolt and threaded rod control splint's method, have greatly reduced the time that consumes of adjusting this anchor clamps, and then have improved the machining efficiency of lathe.
(2) This anchor clamps for lathe, loop bar and spacing sleeve use coordinately can make splint only can remove along the horizontal direction, prevents that splint from removing the in-process and taking place the skew and leading to the unable normal removal of splint, and then prevents to appear the gap between splint and the machined part and can't carry out the centre gripping to the machined part, has improved the stability of this anchor clamps.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is an external view of the main body of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 workbench, 2 clamping plates, 3 transmission rods, 31 loop bars, 32 limiting sleeves, 4 connecting rods, 5 vertical baffle plates, 6 first clamping blocks, 7 first rack bars, 8 gears, 9 second rack bars, 10 hydraulic pipelines, 11 vertical rods, 12 supporting plates, 13 supporting rods, 131 first springs, 14 lifting plates, 15 second clamping blocks, 151 second springs, 152 fixing sleeves, 16 transmission ropes, 161 first fixing columns, 162 second fixing columns, 17 movable plates, 171 third springs, 18 disassembly buttons and 19 supporting frames.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: a clamp for a machine tool comprises a workbench 1 and a clamp plate 2, wherein the bottom of the clamp plate 2 is fixedly connected with a transmission rod 3, the bottom end of the transmission rod 3 is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod 4, the other end of the connecting rod 4 is fixedly connected with one side of a vertical baffle 5, the other side of the vertical baffle 5 is fixedly connected with a first clamping block 6, the bottom of the vertical baffle 5 is fixedly connected with a first rack rod 7, the bottom of the first rack rod 7 is meshed with a gear 8, the gear 8 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the workbench 1, the bottom of the gear 8 is meshed with a second rack rod 9, one end of the second rack rod 9 is movably connected with a vertical rod 11 through a hydraulic pipeline 10, the outer wall of the hydraulic pipeline 10 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench 1, the top end of the vertical rod 11 is fixedly connected with a support plate 12, the top of the support plate 12 is fixedly connected with a lifting plate 14 through a support rod 13, the lifting plate 14 is positioned above the workbench 1, one side of the first clamping block 6, which is close to the gear 8, is provided with a second clamping block 15, the bottom of the second clamping block 15 is fixedly connected with one end of a transmission rope 16, the other end of the transmission rope 16 is fixedly connected with a movable plate 17, one side of the movable plate 17 is fixedly connected with a disassembly button 18, when a workpiece is placed on the top of the lifting plate 14 and pressed downwards, the two clamping plates 2 can automatically move towards the workpiece and fix the workpiece, after the machining is finished, the two clamping plates 2 can be separated from the workpiece only by pressing the disassembly button 18, the traditional method for controlling the clamping plates by bolts and threaded rods is abandoned, the consumed time for adjusting the clamp is greatly reduced, and the machining efficiency of the machine tool is further improved.
Preferably, in this embodiment, 3 one side of transfer line and loop bar 31 fixed connection, loop bar 31 cup joints inside stop collar 32, stop collar 32 outer wall and 1 inner wall fixed connection of workstation, loop bar 31 and stop collar 32 cooperation are used and can be so that splint 2 can only follow the horizontal direction and remove, prevent that splint 2 from removing the in-process and taking place the skew and leading to the unable normal removal of splint 2, and then prevent to appear the gap between splint 2 and the machined part and can't carry out the centre gripping to the machined part, the stability of this anchor clamps has been improved.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the supporting rod 13 is sleeved inside the first spring 131, and two ends of the first spring 131 are respectively fixedly connected with the lifting plate 14 and the top of the workbench 1.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the bottom of the second fixture block 15 is fixedly connected with a second spring 151, the bottom end of the second spring 151 is fixedly connected with the support frame 19, the bottom of the support frame 19 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench 1, the support frame 19 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the fixing sleeve 152, and the fixing sleeve 152 is sleeved outside the second fixture block 15.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the driving rope 16 is attached to the surfaces of the first fixing column 161 and the second fixing column 162, the first fixing column 161 and the second fixing column 162 are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the workbench 1, the first fixing column 161 is located at the bottom of the second block 15, and the second fixing column 162 is located on the side where the movable plate 17 is connected to the detaching button 18.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, one side of the movable plate 17 away from the detaching button 18 is fixedly connected to one end of the third spring 171, and the other side of the third spring 171 is fixedly connected to the supporting frame 19.
When the clamping device works (or is used), when a workpiece is clamped, the workpiece is placed at the top of the lifting plate 14 and is pressed downwards, the lifting plate 14, the supporting rod 13, the supporting plate 12 and the vertical rod 11 descend and compress the first spring 131, the vertical rod 11 enables the second rack rod 9 to move towards the direction far away from the hydraulic pipeline 10 through the hydraulic pipeline 10, the gear 8 meshed with the second rack rod 9 rotates, the gear 8 on the left side in the workbench 1 rotates clockwise, the gear 8 on the right side rotates anticlockwise, the first rack rod 7 meshed with the top of the gear 8 can pull the vertical baffle plates 5 to move, the two vertical baffle plates 5 drive the two clamping plates 2 to move towards each other through the connecting rod 4 and the driving rod 3, as the sleeve rod 31 moves in the limiting sleeve 32, the two clamping plates 2 only move along the horizontal direction, meanwhile, the first clamping block 6 also moves towards the second clamping block 15, when the two clamping plates 2 are attached to the surface of the workpiece, the first clamping block 6 is just clamped with the second clamping block 15, the position of the clamping plate 2 at the moment is fixed, and correspondingly, the position of a machined part is also fixed.
When the workpiece needs to be taken down, the two disassembly buttons 18 are pressed towards the inside of the workbench 1 at the same time, the disassembly buttons 18 pull one end of the transmission rope 16 to move and compress the third spring 171 through the movable plate 17, the other end of the transmission rope 16 pulls the second clamping block 15 to move downwards and compress the second spring 151, after the second fixture block 15 is separated from the first fixture block 6, the lifting plate 14, the support rod 13, the support plate 12 and the vertical rod 11 ascend under the elastic force action of the first spring 131, the second rack rod 9 moves towards the inside of the hydraulic pipeline 10 under the action of the hydraulic pipeline 10, the principle is the same as that of the first fixture block, the two clamp plates 2 move towards the direction away from the workpiece, the dismounting button 18 is loosened and the workpiece is taken down, after the dismounting button 18 is loosened, the dismounting button 18 and the movable plate 17 automatically reset under the action of the third spring 171, the second fixture block 15 automatically resets under the action of the second spring 151, and the transmission rope 16 always keeps in a stretched state.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a anchor clamps for lathe, includes workstation (1) and splint (2), its characterized in that: the bottom of the clamping plate (2) is fixedly connected with a transmission rod (3), the bottom of the transmission rod (3) is fixedly connected with one end of a connecting rod (4), the other end of the connecting rod (4) is fixedly connected with one side of a vertical baffle (5), the other side of the vertical baffle (5) is fixedly connected with a first clamping block (6), the bottom of the vertical baffle (5) is fixedly connected with a first rack rod (7), the bottom of the first rack rod (7) is meshed with a gear (8), the gear (8) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of a workbench (1), the bottom of the gear (8) is meshed with a second rack rod (9), one end of the second rack rod (9) is movably connected with a vertical rod (11) through a hydraulic pipeline (10), the outer wall of the hydraulic pipeline (10) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench (1), the top of the vertical rod (11) is fixedly connected with a supporting plate (12), bracing piece (13) and lifter plate (14) fixed connection are passed through at backup pad (12) top, lifter plate (14) are located workstation (1) top, first fixture block (6) are close to gear (8) one side and are provided with second fixture block (15), second fixture block (15) bottom and driving rope (16) one end fixed connection, driving rope (16) other end and fly leaf (17) fixed connection, fly leaf (17) one side and dismantlement button (18) fixed connection.
2. A jig for machine tools according to claim 1, characterized in that: one side of the transmission rod (3) is fixedly connected with the sleeve rod (31), the sleeve rod (31) is sleeved inside the limiting sleeve (32), and the outer wall of the limiting sleeve (32) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench (1).
3. A jig for machine tools according to claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting rod (13) is sleeved inside the first spring (131), and two ends of the first spring (131) are fixedly connected with the lifting plate (14) and the top of the workbench (1) respectively.
4. A jig for machine tools according to claim 1, characterized in that: second fixture block (15) bottom fixedly connected with second spring (151), second spring (151) bottom and support frame (19) fixed connection, support frame (19) bottom and workstation (1) inner wall fixed connection, support frame (19) and fixed cover (152) outer wall fixed connection, fixed cover (152) cup joint in second fixture block (15) outside.
5. A jig for machine tools according to claim 1, characterized in that: the surface of the transmission rope (16) is attached to the surfaces of a first fixing column (161) and a second fixing column (162), the first fixing column (161) and the second fixing column (162) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the workbench (1), the first fixing column (161) is located at the bottom of a second clamping block (15), and the second fixing column (162) is located on one side, connected with a disassembly button (18), of a movable plate (17).
6. A jig for machine tools according to claim 1, characterized in that: one side, far away from the disassembling button (18), of the movable plate (17) is fixedly connected with one end of a third spring (171), and the other side of the third spring (171) is fixedly connected with the supporting frame (19).
CN202022472837.XU 2020-10-31 2020-10-31 Clamp for machine tool Active CN213858208U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022472837.XU CN213858208U (en) 2020-10-31 2020-10-31 Clamp for machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022472837.XU CN213858208U (en) 2020-10-31 2020-10-31 Clamp for machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213858208U true CN213858208U (en) 2021-08-03

Family

ID=77052818

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022472837.XU Active CN213858208U (en) 2020-10-31 2020-10-31 Clamp for machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213858208U (en)

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