CN213688969U - Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection - Google Patents

Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213688969U
CN213688969U CN202022179869.0U CN202022179869U CN213688969U CN 213688969 U CN213688969 U CN 213688969U CN 202022179869 U CN202022179869 U CN 202022179869U CN 213688969 U CN213688969 U CN 213688969U
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
sampling device
scraper
rotary
lead screw
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CN202022179869.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾炜铨
沈付勇
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Jiangxi Zhike Detection Technology Co ltd
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Jiangxi Zhike Detection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022179869.0U priority Critical patent/CN213688969U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection, which comprises a supporting vertical frame, a lifting mechanism, a rotary mechanism and a scraper blade, wherein the lifting mechanism is arranged at the top end of the supporting vertical frame, the rotary mechanism is arranged at the lifting end of the lifting mechanism, the scraper blade is arranged at the rotary end of the rotary mechanism, and the rotary surface of the scraper blade is arranged in parallel with the ground; the scraper blade is turned and rotated through the swing mechanism and is simultaneously descended layer by layer through the lifting mechanism, so that the soil sample of the same soil layer can be accurately obtained, and the detection accuracy is improved.

Description

Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the soil detection field, in particular to soil detection's shallow soil horizon sampling device.
Background
In soil detection, at first carry out sample acquisition to soil, adopt the spade directly to shovel out to shallow soil layer mostly at present, but the soil volume of shoveling out at every turn is less, and each layer soil is disturbed easily and is mixed, and the soil sample that acquires through the spade can not guarantee that it belongs to same soil horizon, leads to soil sample to detect inaccurately.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the not enough of existence among the prior art, the utility model provides a soil detection's shallow soil horizon sampling device, the soil sample who acquires same soil horizon that can be accurate promotes and detects the accuracy.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection comprises a supporting vertical frame, a lifting mechanism, a rotary mechanism and a scraper, wherein the lifting mechanism is arranged at the top end of the supporting vertical frame, the rotary mechanism is arranged at the lifting end of the lifting mechanism, the scraper is arranged at the rotary end of the rotary mechanism, and the rotary surface of the scraper is arranged in parallel to the ground; the scraper rotates through the slewing mechanism and meanwhile downwards extends layer by layer through the lifting mechanism.
Furthermore, elevating system is screw rod mechanism, elevating system includes the lead screw and sets up slide on the lead screw, the bottom coaxial pre-anchor that is provided with of lead screw, include spiral auger blade on the pre-anchor, the pre-anchor passes through the rotation of lead screw and inserts and establish the below ground.
Further, still include connecting sleeve, the connecting sleeve clearance cover is established the outside of lead screw, just connecting sleeve's top axial fixity and circumference gyration set up on the slide, at least two the scraper blade circumference sets up on connecting sleeve's bottom.
Furthermore, the slide is T type swivel nut structure, connecting sleeve's top contains the connecting seat, the connecting seat contains the gyration recess with the slide adaptation, be provided with the spacing ring corresponding to the gyration recess on the top of connecting seat, the slide passes through the connecting seat and the spacing ring sets up in the gyration recess.
Furthermore, rotation mechanism sets up on the slide, rotation mechanism's the rotation is last to be provided with the driving gear, contain on the outer circle wall of connecting seat and take turns tooth portion, take turns tooth portion and driving gear meshing transmission setting.
Furthermore, the support stand is provided with a guide rod in the vertical direction, and the sliding seat slides on the guide rod in a guiding manner.
Furthermore, the supporting vertical frame comprises a top plate and a plurality of fixing rods which are circumferentially distributed below the top plate, and the fixing rods are located on the outer ring of the scraper.
Has the advantages that: the utility model discloses a scraper blade is visited through the elevating system successive layer when revolving mechanism gyration is pivoted down, when the scraper blade gyration is scraped ground soil, is used for getting rid of the soil and the debris of shallow table earlier, and simultaneously, the scraper blade is under the high-speed gyration action of revolving mechanism, and the soil of being scraped out is thrown away to outer circle and subaerial through centrifugal force, and the soil layer surface that is located the inner circle is comparatively level and smooth, can obtain the soil sample on same soil horizon to guarantee to detect the accuracy.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic half-sectional view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of part a of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, a superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection includes a supporting stand 1, a lifting mechanism 2, a rotating mechanism 3 and a scraper 4, wherein the supporting stand 1 includes a top plate 10 and a plurality of fixing rods 11 circumferentially distributed below the top plate 10, the fixing rods 11 are located on the outer ring of the scraper 4, the bottom end of each fixing rod 11 is a pointed end, and the fixing rods 11 are used for being inserted into the ground for fixing. The lifting mechanism 2 is arranged at the top end of the supporting vertical frame 1, the slewing mechanism 3 is arranged at the lifting end of the lifting mechanism 2, the scraper 4 is arranged at the slewing end of the slewing mechanism 3, and the slewing surface of the scraper 4 is arranged in parallel to the ground; the scraper 4 rotates through the rotating mechanism 3 and simultaneously downwards extends layer by layer through the lifting mechanism 2. When scraper blade 4 gyration is scraped ground soil, be used for getting rid of the soil and the debris of shallow table earlier, descend through elevating system 2 afterwards, dig the hole to same position region with the successive layer, until the soil degree of depth that needs the sampling, simultaneously, the scraper blade is under the high-speed gyration action of slewing mechanism, the soil that is scraped out throws away to outer circle and subaerial through centrifugal force, also can suspend the gyration and the lift of scraper blade and carry out the manual work and clear away, and the soil layer surface that is located the inner circle is comparatively level and smooth, can obtain the soil sample on same soil layer, in order to guarantee to detect the accuracy.
Elevating system 2 is screw mechanism, elevating system 2 includes lead screw 5 and sets up slide 6 on the lead screw 5, and lead screw 5 rotates and sets up on the roof that supports grudging post 1, just the top of lead screw is provided with the hydraulic oil motor, carries out the gyration through hydraulic power unit and rotates, perhaps is driving motor, support grudging post 1 and be provided with guide bar 15 in vertical, slide 6 passes through connecting plate 18 direction slip on guide bar 15. The bottom end of the screw rod 5 is coaxially provided with a pre-anchor 7, the pre-anchor 7 comprises an axial spiral auger blade 8, and the pre-anchor 7 is inserted below the ground through the rotation of the screw rod 5. When the support stand 1 is placed and fixed, the support stand is inserted into the ground as required, and the fixing rod can be quickly inserted into the ground through the rotary action of the lead screw and the pre-anchor 7, so that the labor intensity of workers is saved.
Still include connecting sleeve 12, 12 clearance sleeves establish the outside of lead screw 5, just connecting sleeve 12's top axial fixity and circumference gyration setting are on slide 6, at least two 4 circumferences of scraper blade set up on connecting sleeve 12's bottom. The connecting sleeve 12 and the sliding base 6 rotate relatively, so that the scraper 4 can rotate at a high speed independently, and the sliding base 6 can lift at a low speed.
The sliding seat 6 is of a T-shaped threaded sleeve structure, the bottom end of the sliding seat is large, the top end of the bottom end of the sliding seat is small, the top end of the connecting sleeve 12 comprises a connecting seat 13, the connecting seat 13 comprises a rotary groove matched with the sliding seat 6, a limiting ring 14 is arranged on the top end of the connecting seat 13 corresponding to the rotary groove, and the sliding seat 6 is arranged in the rotary groove through the connecting seat 13 and the limiting ring 14.
The rotary mechanism 3 is arranged on the sliding seat 6, a driving gear 16 is arranged on the rotary mechanism 3, a gear tooth part 17 is arranged on the wall of an outer ring of the connecting seat 13, and the gear tooth part 17 and the driving gear 16 are arranged in a meshing transmission mode. The slewing mechanism 3 is a hydraulic oil motor, and has large torsion and good stability.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that: for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvements and modifications can be made, and these improvements and modifications should also be considered as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a soil detection's shallow soil horizon sampling device which characterized in that: the lifting device comprises a supporting vertical frame (1), a lifting mechanism (2), a rotating mechanism (3) and a scraper (4), wherein the lifting mechanism (2) is arranged at the top end of the supporting vertical frame (1), the rotating mechanism (3) is arranged at the lifting end of the lifting mechanism (2), the scraper (4) is arranged at the rotating end of the rotating mechanism (3), and the rotating surface of the scraper (4) is arranged in parallel to the ground; the scraper (4) rotates through the rotating mechanism (3) and simultaneously downwards extends layer by layer through the lifting mechanism (2).
2. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 1, wherein: elevating system (2) are screw rod mechanism, elevating system (2) include lead screw (5) and set up slide (6) on lead screw (5), the bottom coaxial of lead screw (5) is provided with anchor (7) in advance, include spiral auger blade (8) on anchor (7) in advance, anchor (7) in advance are inserted through the rotation of lead screw (5) and are established the below ground.
3. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 2, wherein: still include connecting sleeve (12), connecting sleeve (12) clearance cover is established the outside of lead screw (5), just the top axial fixity and the circumference gyration of connecting sleeve (12) set up on slide (6), at least two scraper blade (4) circumference sets up on the bottom of connecting sleeve (12).
4. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 3, wherein: the sliding seat (6) is of a T-shaped threaded sleeve structure, the top end of the connecting sleeve (12) comprises a connecting seat (13), the connecting seat (13) comprises a rotary groove matched with the sliding seat (6), a limiting ring (14) is arranged on the top end of the connecting seat (13) corresponding to the rotary groove, and the sliding seat (6) is arranged in the rotary groove through the connecting seat (13) and the limiting ring (14).
5. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 4, wherein: the rotary mechanism (3) is arranged on the sliding seat (6), a driving gear (16) is arranged on the rotary mechanism (3) in a rotary mode, a gear tooth portion (17) is arranged on the wall of an outer circular ring of the connecting seat (13), and the gear tooth portion (17) and the driving gear (16) are in meshed transmission.
6. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 2, wherein: the supporting vertical frame (1) is vertically provided with a guide rod (15), and the sliding seat (6) slides on the guide rod (15) in a guiding mode.
7. The superficial soil layer sampling device for soil detection of claim 1, wherein: the supporting vertical frame (1) comprises a top plate (10) and a plurality of fixing rods (11) which are circumferentially distributed below the top plate (10), and the fixing rods (11) are located on the outer ring of the scraper (4).
CN202022179869.0U 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection Active CN213688969U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022179869.0U CN213688969U (en) 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022179869.0U CN213688969U (en) 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213688969U true CN213688969U (en) 2021-07-13

Family

ID=76751519

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022179869.0U Active CN213688969U (en) 2020-09-29 2020-09-29 Shallow soil layer sampling device for soil detection

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213688969U (en)

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