CN213665389U - Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box - Google Patents

Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213665389U
CN213665389U CN202021623074.8U CN202021623074U CN213665389U CN 213665389 U CN213665389 U CN 213665389U CN 202021623074 U CN202021623074 U CN 202021623074U CN 213665389 U CN213665389 U CN 213665389U
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China
Prior art keywords
liquid
cover
collection
port
specimen
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CN202021623074.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘建英
刘丽
邱婷婷
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Peoples Hospital of Deyang City
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Peoples Hospital of Deyang City
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box, including gathering extraction element, gather extraction element including gasbag, liquid storage pipe and the leakage fluid dram that from top to bottom communicates in proper order, the top of gasbag disposes the liquid collection mouth. The output end of the liquid outlet is provided with a sealing cap, and the liquid collecting port is provided with a box cover. The utility model discloses it is convenient to take the sample, can effectively avoid the sample in the liquid storage pipe to be contaminated, can improve medical staff's work efficiency greatly.

Description

Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, particularly, relate to a tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box.
Background
Tuberculosis patients need to screen tubercle bacillus by collecting sputum specimens of the patients in the diagnosis and treatment process, and the sputum specimens are basically collected in a container by the patients in clinic and then are subjected to unified inspection. During examination, medical staff need to extract the sputum specimen stored in the container, and the process needs to ensure that the specimen is not polluted. The existing sputum specimen collecting box generally has the problems that the sputum specimen collection is inconvenient, the collected sputum specimen is inconvenient to extract, and the specimen box and the residual sputum specimen are inconvenient to disinfect after the examination is finished.
The utility model discloses a chinese utility model patent that publication is CN210673802U discloses a tuberculosis patient's sputum collector, this sputum collector include sealed enclosing cover, sealed inner cup and store up the phlegm container, the storage phlegm container outer wall that stores up the phlegm container is the cylinder, and the appearance chamber that stores up the phlegm container is big-end-up's toper inner chamber, store up phlegm container's storage phlegm container outer wall upper portion have with sealed enclosing cover complex external screw thread and one-way locking tooth, sealed enclosing cover is the ring casing, and the outer rampart of sealed enclosing cover passes through threaded connection with the storage phlegm container, has the internal thread on the inner rampart of sealed enclosing cover, and threaded connection is passed through with the ring hole of sealed enclosing cover to sealed inner cup, and it has two concave type bayonet sockets to cover to open in sealed. The utility model discloses a store up phlegm container design for the double-deck mechanism of outer tube and inside toper pipe, protected phlegm sample effectively, store up the toper design of phlegm container and help the collection of concentrating of phlegm sample.
However, the above patent only considers the problem of collecting the specimen, and still needs medical staff to pour out, dip or draw out the sputum specimen from the inlet when the specimen is detected, which not only is inconvenient to operate, but also easily pollutes the sputum specimen when the specimen is extracted, thereby causing inaccurate detection results. Therefore, it is necessary to design a collection device for convenient sample taking.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the deficiency of the prior art, the utility model aims to provide a tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box, the sample that this collection box was collected is taken conveniently, can effectively improve medical staff's work efficiency.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box, includes the collection extraction element, the collection extraction element is including gasbag, stock solution pipe and leakage fluid dram that from top to bottom communicate in proper order, the top of gasbag disposes the liquid collection mouth. The output end of the liquid outlet is provided with a sealing cap, and the liquid collecting port is provided with a box cover.
According to a preferred embodiment, the inner surface of the bottom end of the liquid storage pipe is spherical, and the liquid discharge port is distributed at the central position of the bottom end of the liquid storage pipe.
According to a preferred embodiment, the outer wall of the reservoir tube is provided with graduations for metering.
According to a preferred embodiment, the liquid collecting port is in the shape of an inverted cone with a large top and a small bottom.
According to a preferred embodiment, an extension part is coaxially arranged at the upper end of the liquid collecting port, the extension part is in a hollow cylindrical shape, and a thread for mounting the box cover is arranged on the extension part.
According to a preferred embodiment, the collecting and extracting device further comprises a receiving device for receiving the collecting and extracting device, the receiving device comprises a hollow cylindrical shell with one open end, a support ring is arranged inside the shell, and a clamping block for supporting the air bag is arranged in the support ring. The open end of the housing is provided with a housing cover.
According to a preferred embodiment, the lower surface of the housing cover is provided with a pressure block which, in the case of connection of the housing cover to the housing, abuts against the upper surface of the lid.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the utility model discloses a collection liquid mouth is big-end-up's back taper, and the design of this kind of back taper does benefit to the concentrated collection of phlegm sample, even if the patient spits the phlegm on collection liquid mouth, the structural design of this kind of back taper also can make the phlegm sample glide under the effect of self gravity, reaches the purpose of concentrating the collection.
(2) The utility model discloses a lid through its extension threaded installation on the collection liquid mouth forms sealedly, and the extrusion gasbag makes the inside pressure increase of collection extraction element to with the phlegm sample of storing in the liquid storage pipe through leakage fluid dram eduction gear, this kind of sample is got and is used mode convenient and fast, compares in traditional sample and takes the mode, can improve medical staff's work efficiency greatly.
(3) The utility model discloses an extrusion gasbag is through the leakage fluid dram extraction phlegm sample, need not to open collection extraction element's lid, just so can avoid leaving the phlegm sample that does not use in the liquid storage pipe contaminated.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the three-dimensional structure of the collecting and extracting device of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the clamping block and the bracket ring of the present invention.
Icon:
1-shell, 2-shell cover, 3-compression block, 4-box cover, 5-liquid collecting port, 6-air bag, 7-bracket ring, 8-clamping block, 9-liquid storage tube, 10-liquid discharge port, 11-sealing cap and 12-chamfer.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that if the directions or positional relationships indicated by the terms "inside" and "outside" are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, or the directions or positional relationships that the products of the present invention are usually placed when used, the description is only for convenience of description and simplification, but the indication or suggestion that the indicated device or element must have a specific direction, be constructed and operated in a specific direction, and therefore, should not be interpreted as a limitation of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be further noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "configured," and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, a sputum specimen collection box for tuberculosis patients comprises a collection and extraction device, the collection and extraction device comprises an air bag 6, a liquid storage pipe 9 and a liquid discharge port 10 which are sequentially communicated from top to bottom, the top end of the air bag 6 is provided with a liquid collection port 5, the output end of the liquid discharge port 10 is provided with a sealing cap 11 in a threaded manner, the upper end of the liquid collection port 5 is coaxially provided with an extension part, the extension part is in a hollow cylindrical shape, and the extension part is provided with a thread for installing a box cover 4. The box cover 4 is connected with the extending part through screw threads to seal the upper end of the liquid collecting port 5. After the sealing cap 11 and the box cover 4 are screwed, the interior of the collecting and extracting device is completely sealed, so that the stored specimens can be prevented from being polluted. As shown in fig. 1, preferably, the liquid collecting opening 5 is in the shape of an inverted cone with a large top and a small bottom, the design of the inverted cone is beneficial to the centralized collection of the sputum specimen, and even if the sputum is spitted on the liquid collecting opening 5 by a patient, the sputum specimen can slide downwards under the action of self gravity by the structural design of the inverted cone, so that the purpose of centralized collection is achieved. The liquid collecting port 5 and the box cover 4 can be made of medical plastics.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the air bag 6 is a hollow spherical structure for communicating the liquid collecting port 5 and the liquid storage tube 9, and the air bag 6 may be made of rubber. Specifically, when the patient collects the sputum specimen from the liquid collection port 5, the sputum specimen flows through the air bag 6 into the liquid storage tube 9 for storage. When medical staff draws the sample and inspects, medical staff holds collection extraction element by hand, because the lid 4 through its extension screw thread installation on the collection liquid mouth 5 forms sealedly, 6 make the inside pressure increase of collection extraction element of extrusion gasbag this moment to the phlegm sample of storing in the liquid storage pipe 9 is through the discharge apparatus of leakage fluid dram 10. Preferably, the bottom inner surface of liquid storage pipe 9 is the sphere form, perhaps is the back taper form, and leakage fluid dram 10 distributes in the central point department of putting of liquid storage pipe 9 bottom, and such structural design can make the phlegm sample of collecting in liquid storage pipe 9 concentrate on the bottom region of liquid storage pipe 9, even the sample concentrates on leakage fluid dram 10 department, conveniently can fully extract the sample in the liquid storage pipe 9 when the sample is got. Preferably, the outer wall of the reservoir tube 9 is provided with graduations for metering. Therefore, quantitative extraction can be realized when the collected specimen is extracted, the waste of the specimen cannot be caused, and the specimen is extracted in a mode of extruding the air bag 6, so that the pollution of the specimen cannot be caused. This process of specimen extraction is similar to the operation of a pipette tip. The reservoir 9 may here be made of a transparent medical plastic.
In this embodiment, the drain port 10 is integrally formed with the reservoir 9. When the sample is extracted for testing, the sealing cap 11 is firstly opened, then the air bag 6 is squeezed, and the sputum sample is quantitatively extracted from the liquid storage pipe 9 through the liquid outlet 10 by referring to the scale marks on the liquid storage pipe 9.
Preferably, the specimen collection box further comprises a storage device for containing the collection and extraction device, the storage device comprises a hollow cylindrical shell 1 with one open end, and the open end of the shell 1 is in threaded connection with a shell cover 2. Preferably, a bracket ring 7 is disposed inside the housing 1, and a clamping block 8 for supporting the airbag 6 is disposed inside the bracket ring 7. As shown in fig. 4, the contact portion of the clamping block 8 and the airbag 6 is preferably provided with a chamfer 12, which can better support the bottom of the airbag 6. Preferably, the clamping block 8 is made of sponge or elastic silica gel. Preferably, the clamping blocks 8 are evenly distributed on the circumference of the bracket ring 7, and the number of the clamping blocks can be 6. Preferably, the lower surface of the case cover 2 is provided with a pressing block 3, and in the case that the case cover 2 is connected to the case 1, the pressing block 3 abuts against the upper surface of the case cover 4. As shown in fig. 1, the holding-down piece 3 here has a cylindrical shape. After the cover 2 is screwed, the bottom end face of the pressing block 3 abuts against the upper surface of the cover 4, and a force from top to bottom is applied to the acquisition and extraction device by continuously screwing the cover 2, so that the acquisition and extraction device is fixed in the shell 1, and can be kept in a stable state in the transportation process. The storage device can be recycled and can be made of transparent medical plastics.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: the patient at first opens lid 4, screws lid 4 after collecting into the device with the phlegm sample from album liquid mouth 5, and the phlegm sample is stored through 6 bottoms that get into the liquid storage tube 9 of gasbag under the effect of self gravity this moment, then the patient places into shell 1 with gathering extraction element, screws cap 2 and makes compact heap 3 support to lean on to lid 4 and then make gasbag 6 and 8 chucking of chucking piece can. When medical staff inspects and needs to extract the sample, firstly the shell cover 2 is opened and the collection and extraction device is taken out, then the sealing cap 11 is opened, the air bag 6 is squeezed again, and the sputum sample is quantitatively extracted from the liquid storage tube 9 through the liquid outlet 10 by referring to the scale marks on the liquid storage tube 9. After all detection work is accomplished, open lid 4 and add the antiseptic solution of capacity for gathering in the extraction element, make its and remaining phlegm sample intensive mixing, discharge device handles behind the disinfection of remaining phlegm sample, handles gathering extraction element disinfection aftertreatment, and storage device then can retrieve make full use of.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes will occur to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The sputum specimen collecting box for tuberculosis patients is characterized by comprising a collecting and extracting device, wherein the collecting and extracting device comprises an air bag (6), a liquid storage pipe (9) and a liquid discharging port (10) which are sequentially communicated from top to bottom, and the top end of the air bag (6) is provided with the liquid collecting port (5);
the output end of the liquid outlet (10) is provided with a sealing cap (11), and the liquid collecting port (5) is provided with a box cover (4).
2. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 1, wherein the inner surface of the bottom end of the reservoir tube (9) is spherical, and the liquid discharge port (10) is disposed at a central position of the bottom end of the reservoir tube (9).
3. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 2, wherein the reservoir tube (9) has scale marks disposed on an outer wall thereof for measuring.
4. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 1, wherein the liquid collection port (5) has an inverted cone shape with a large top and a small bottom.
5. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 4, wherein an extension portion having a hollow cylindrical shape is coaxially provided at an upper end of the liquid collection port (5), and a screw for attaching the cassette cover (4) is provided on the extension portion.
6. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 1, further comprising a receiving device for receiving the collection and extraction device, wherein the receiving device comprises a hollow cylindrical housing (1) with one open end, a support ring (7) is arranged inside the housing (1), and a clamping block (8) for supporting the air bag (6) is arranged in the support ring (7);
a shell cover (2) is arranged at the open end of the shell (1).
7. The specimen collection cassette according to claim 6, wherein a lower surface of the housing cover (2) is provided with a pressing block (3), and the pressing block (3) abuts against an upper surface of the cassette cover (4) in a state where the housing cover (2) is connected to the housing (1).
CN202021623074.8U 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box Active CN213665389U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021623074.8U CN213665389U (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021623074.8U CN213665389U (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213665389U true CN213665389U (en) 2021-07-13

Family

ID=76743461

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021623074.8U Active CN213665389U (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Tuberculosis patient phlegm sample collection box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213665389U (en)

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