CN213408993U - Biological raw material grinding and crushing device - Google Patents

Biological raw material grinding and crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213408993U
CN213408993U CN202022014481.5U CN202022014481U CN213408993U CN 213408993 U CN213408993 U CN 213408993U CN 202022014481 U CN202022014481 U CN 202022014481U CN 213408993 U CN213408993 U CN 213408993U
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China
Prior art keywords
grinding
box
drying box
raw materials
biological raw
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CN202022014481.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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石水琴
涂健
谢位
冯江华
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Susong Huatu Biotechnology Co ltd
Anqing Normal University
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Susong Huatu Biotechnology Co ltd
Anqing Normal University
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  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biological raw materials grinds reducing mechanism relates to the raw materials and smashes technical field. Including the feeder hopper that communicates in proper order, the drying cabinet, first grinding case and second grinding case, bilateral symmetry is provided with reciprocal lead screw around the drying cabinet top, reciprocal lead screw runs through behind the slider both ends and drying cabinet lateral wall and rotates and be connected, be connected through the connecting plate between two sliders, the connecting plate below is provided with the scraper blade, drying cabinet bottom upper end sets up one deck electric plate, first grinding case upper end bilateral symmetry is provided with the hang plate, and be provided with the grinding roller between the hang plate, the grinding roller below sets up one deck screen cloth layer, second grinding case below is provided with grinds the cover, it is provided with the abrasive brick to grind the cover inside, the abrasive brick is with grinding cover inner wall sliding connection, it is connected with second motor output shaft to grind the brick upper end. The utility model overcomes prior art's is not enough, reasonable in design, and simple to use can effectively dry the back to the raw materials and evenly smash, promotes production efficiency.

Description

Biological raw material grinding and crushing device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a technical field is smashed to the raw materials, especially relates to a biological raw materials grinds reducing mechanism.
Background
Most of the biological raw materials are processed into finished products by various means in production, and the raw materials are mostly required to be crushed and ground in the pretreatment stage of the biological raw materials, and then are subsequently processed after reaching a certain standard.
Traditional biological raw materials need dry earlier before grinding crushing mostly, and the most separation setting of general drying device and reducing mechanism, very big increase staff's individual work load, reduced machining efficiency simultaneously, brought great trouble for the staff.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the problem of discontinuous grinding and drying in the prior art and providing a biological raw material grinding and crushing device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a grinding and crushing device for biological raw materials comprises a feed hopper, a drying box, a first grinding box and a second grinding box which are sequentially communicated, wherein the lower end of the feed hopper is communicated with one side of the top end of the drying box through a feed inlet, reciprocating lead screws are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the top of the drying box, the reciprocating lead screws penetrate through sliders and then are rotatably connected with the side wall of the drying box, one end of each reciprocating lead screw penetrates through the drying box and is connected with a first motor output shaft outside, the sliders are slidably connected with the top and the side wall of the drying box, the two sliders are connected through a connecting plate, a scraper is arranged below the connecting plate, a layer of electric heating plate is arranged at the upper end of the bottom of the drying box, a first communication hole is formed in the center of the bottom of the drying box and is communicated with the top end of the first grinding box, inclined plates are, and the grinding roller is rotationally connected with the side wall of the first grinding box through a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft at one end penetrates through the side wall of the first grinding box and is connected with an external third motor output shaft, a screen layer is arranged below the grinding roller, a vibrator is arranged at the lower end of the screen layer, a second communicating port is formed in the side wall of the first grinding box connected with the right side of the screen layer and is communicated with the center of one side of the second grinding box, a first material collecting box with an upward opening is arranged at the bottom of the first grinding box, a grinding sleeve is arranged below the second communicating port of the second grinding box, a grinding block is arranged in the grinding sleeve, the grinding block is slidably connected with the inner wall of the grinding sleeve, the upper end of the grinding block is connected with the second motor output shaft, and a second material collecting box is arranged at.
Preferably, the feeder hopper top outside is provided with first cylinder, and first cylinder is connected with the inside first telescopic link of feeder hopper, and first telescopic link lower extreme is fixed with cutting blade.
Preferably, the upper end of the scraper is connected with the connecting plate through a second telescopic rod, and the upper end of the second telescopic rod penetrates through the connecting plate to be connected with a second cylinder.
Preferably, the rotating shaft at one end of the grinding roller is fixed with the rotating gear, and the rotating shaft of one of the grinding rollers is connected with the output shaft of the third motor.
Preferably, the screen layer is an inclined structure, and the inclined lower end of the screen layer is connected with the second communication port.
Preferably, the center of the top of the drying box is provided with a blast port, and the blast port is communicated with a hot air blower outside the drying box.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a biological raw materials grinds reducing mechanism possesses following beneficial effect:
1. through the arrangement of the reciprocating screw rod of the drying box, the first motor, the sliding block, the connecting plate, the second air cylinder, the second telescopic rod, the scraper and the electric hot plate, the raw materials entering the drying box can be effectively scraped, so that the raw materials are uniformly dried on the electric hot plate, the drying efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the later-stage discharging is facilitated;
2. through the setting of hang plate, grinding roller, screen cloth layer, vibrator, first material collecting box, second intercommunication mouth, grinding cover, grinding piece, second motor, second material collecting box, rotating gear, third motor, can make the raw materials carry out even grinding and smashing, make it reach corresponding crushing standard, promote kibbling homogeneity.
The part that does not relate to in the device all is the same with prior art or can adopt prior art to realize, the utility model relates to a rationally, simple to use can effectively dry the back to the raw materials and evenly smash, promotes production efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the front cross-sectional structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side sectional view of the feed hopper and the drying box of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic side sectional view of the first grinding box of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 feed hopper, 2 drying cabinet, 3 first grinding cabinet, 4 second grinding cabinet, 5 feed inlets, 6 first cylinder, 7 first telescopic rod, 8 cutting blade, 9 reciprocating screw rod, 10 first motor, 11 slide block, 12 connecting plate, 13 second cylinder, 14 second telescopic rod, 15 scraping plate, 16 first communicating port, 17 blast port, 18 electric heating plate, 19 inclined plate, 20 grinding roller, 21 screen layer, 22 vibrator, 23 first material collecting box, 24 second communicating port, 25 grinding sleeve, 26 grinding block, 27 second motor, 28 second material collecting box, 29 rotating gear, 30 third motor, 31 hot air blower.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1-3, a grinding and crushing device for biological raw materials comprises a feed hopper 1, a drying box 2, a first grinding box 3 and a second grinding box 4 which are sequentially communicated, wherein the lower end of the feed hopper 1 is communicated with one side of the top end of the drying box 2 through a feed inlet 5, reciprocating lead screws 9 are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the top of the drying box 2, the reciprocating lead screws 9 penetrate through slide blocks 11, the two ends of the rear end of each reciprocating lead screw 9 are rotatably connected with the side wall of the drying box 2, one end of each reciprocating lead screw 9 penetrates through the drying box 2 to be connected with an output shaft of a first motor 10 outside, the slide blocks 11 are slidably connected with the top and the side wall of the drying box 2, the two slide blocks 11 are connected through a connecting plate 12, a scraping plate 15 is arranged below the connecting plate 12, a layer of electric heating plate 18 is arranged at, inclined plates 19 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the upper end of the first grinding box 3, three grinding rollers 20 arranged in an inverted triangle are arranged between the inclined plates 19, the grinding rollers 20 are rotatably connected with the side wall of the first grinding box 3 through rotating shafts, the rotating shaft at one end penetrates through the side wall of the first grinding box 3 to be connected with an output shaft of an external third motor 30, a screen layer 21 is arranged below the grinding rollers 20, a vibrator 22 is arranged at the lower end of the screen layer 21, a second communication port 24 is arranged on the side wall of the first grinding box 3 connected with the right side of the screen layer 21 to be communicated with the center of one side of the second grinding box 4, a first material collecting box 23 with an upward opening is arranged at the bottom of the first grinding box 3, a grinding sleeve 25 is arranged below the second communication port 24 of the second grinding box 4, a grinding block 26 is arranged inside the grinding sleeve 25, the grinding block 26 is slidably connected with the inner wall of the grinding sleeve 25, and the upper end of the grinding block 26 is connected with, the lower end of the grinding sleeve 25 is provided with a second material collecting box 28.
For carrying out simple cutting earlier to the raw materials that get into, make things convenient for later stage drying process, preferentially, 1 top outside of feeder hopper is provided with first cylinder 6, and first cylinder 6 is connected with 1 inside first telescopic link 7 of feeder hopper, and 7 lower extremes of first telescopic link are fixed with cutting blade 8.
For facilitating the discharging, preferably, the upper end of the scraping plate 15 is connected with the connecting plate 12 through a second telescopic rod 14, and the upper end of the second telescopic rod 14 penetrates through the connecting plate 12 to be connected with the second cylinder 13.
In order to reduce the waste of resources, it is preferable that a rotation shaft of one end of the grinding roller 20 is fixed to the rotation gear 29, and a rotation shaft of one of the grinding rollers 20 is connected to an output shaft of the third motor 30.
In order to facilitate the raw material with insufficient grinding fineness to enter the second grinding box 4, it is preferable that the screen layer 21 has an inclined structure, and an inclined lower end of the screen layer 21 is connected to the second communication port 24.
In order to improve the drying efficiency, it is preferable that a blast port 17 is formed at the center of the top of the drying box 2, and the blast port 17 is communicated with a hot air blower 31 outside the drying box 2.
The working principle is as follows: when in use, the raw materials are poured into the feed hopper 1, the first cylinder 6 is repeatedly started to simply cut the raw materials by the cutting blade 8, the later raw materials fall into the drying box 2 to electrify the electric heating plate 18, the first motor 10 is simultaneously started to drive the scraper 15 to reciprocate to scrape the raw materials for convenient drying, the hot air fan 31 is simultaneously started to dry the raw materials by hot air, the second cylinder 13 is started after the drying is finished, the scraper 15 is in sliding connection with the bottom of the drying box 2, the raw materials fall into the first grinding box 3 from the first communication port 16 by reciprocating sliding, the third motor 30 and the vibrator 22 are started to grind the raw materials by the grinding roller 20 and then are screened by the screen layer 21, the qualified raw materials fall into the first material collecting box 23, the unqualified raw materials fall into the grinding sleeve 25 of the second grinding box 4 from the second communication port 24, the second motor 27 is started to grind the grinding block 26 again, the post-ground material falls into second collection box 28.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A grinding and crushing device for biological raw materials comprises a feed hopper (1), a drying box (2), a first grinding box (3) and a second grinding box (4) which are sequentially communicated, and is characterized in that the lower end of the feed hopper (1) is communicated with one side of the top end of the drying box (2) through a feed inlet (5), reciprocating lead screws (9) are symmetrically arranged on the front side and the rear side of the top of the drying box (2), the reciprocating lead screws (9) penetrate through sliding blocks (11), the two rear ends of the reciprocating lead screws are rotatably connected with the side wall of the drying box (2), one end of each reciprocating lead screw (9) penetrates through the drying box (2) to be connected with an output shaft of an external first motor (10), the sliding blocks (11) are slidably connected with the top and the side wall of the drying box (2), the two sliding blocks (11) are connected through connecting plates (12), a scraper (15) is arranged below the connecting plates (12), and a layer of an electric, a first communicating hole (16) is formed in the center of the bottom of the drying box (2) and communicated with the top end of a first grinding box (3), inclined plates (19) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the upper end of the first grinding box (3), three grinding rollers (20) which are arranged in an inverted triangle are arranged between the inclined plates (19), the grinding rollers (20) are rotatably connected with the side wall of the first grinding box (3) through rotating shafts, the rotating shaft at one end penetrates through the side wall of the first grinding box (3) and is connected with an output shaft of an external third motor (30), a screen layer (21) is arranged below the grinding rollers (20), a vibrator (22) is arranged at the lower end of the screen layer (21), a second communicating hole (24) is formed in the side wall of the first grinding box (3) connected with the right side of the screen layer (21) and is communicated with the center of one side of a second grinding box (4), a first material collecting box (23) with an upward opening is arranged at the bottom of the first grinding box, the second grinding box (4) is provided with a grinding sleeve (25) below the second communicating port (24), a grinding block (26) is arranged inside the grinding sleeve (25), the grinding block (26) is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the grinding sleeve (25), the upper end of the grinding block (26) is connected with an output shaft of a second motor (27), and a second material collecting box (28) is arranged at the lower end of the grinding sleeve (25).
2. The grinding and crushing device for the biological raw materials as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first air cylinder (6) is arranged outside the top of the feed hopper (1), the first air cylinder (6) is connected with a first telescopic rod (7) inside the feed hopper (1), and a cutting blade (8) is fixed at the lower end of the first telescopic rod (7).
3. The grinding and pulverizing apparatus for biological materials according to claim 1, wherein the upper end of the scraper (15) is connected to the connecting plate (12) through a second telescopic rod (14), and the upper end of the second telescopic rod (14) is connected to the second cylinder (13) through the connecting plate (12).
4. The grinding and pulverizing apparatus for biological raw material as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft of one end of said grinding roller (20) is fixed to a rotating gear (29), and the rotating shaft of one of the grinding rollers (20) is connected to the output shaft of a third motor (30).
5. The grinding and pulverizing apparatus for biological raw material as claimed in claim 1, wherein said screen layer (21) is of an inclined structure, and the inclined lower end of the screen layer (21) is connected to the second communicating port (24).
6. The grinding and crushing device for biological raw materials according to claim 1, wherein a blast opening (17) is formed in the center of the top of the drying box (2), and the blast opening (17) is communicated with a hot air blower (31) outside the drying box (2).
CN202022014481.5U 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Biological raw material grinding and crushing device Active CN213408993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022014481.5U CN213408993U (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Biological raw material grinding and crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022014481.5U CN213408993U (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Biological raw material grinding and crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213408993U true CN213408993U (en) 2021-06-11

Family

ID=76261881

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022014481.5U Active CN213408993U (en) 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 Biological raw material grinding and crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213408993U (en)

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