CN213384257U - Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection - Google Patents

Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213384257U
CN213384257U CN202022526141.0U CN202022526141U CN213384257U CN 213384257 U CN213384257 U CN 213384257U CN 202022526141 U CN202022526141 U CN 202022526141U CN 213384257 U CN213384257 U CN 213384257U
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China
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buffer
plate
cylinder
mounting
supporting plate
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CN202022526141.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张军
程启航
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Dalian Jiaotong University
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Dalian Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN202022526141.0U priority Critical patent/CN213384257U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a railway vehicle buffer for safety detection, which comprises a base structure and a buffer structure, wherein the base structure is arranged at the lower end of the buffer structure, a placing groove is processed on the upper surface of a mounting plate, the size of a supporting plate is matched with the placing groove, four groups of jacks are arranged at the inner side of the placing groove, the jacks are matched with insertion rods, an operator can conveniently place the supporting plate into the placing groove, the supporting plate is fixedly arranged on the mounting plate by utilizing the matching use of mounting bolts and mounting holes, the later-stage disassembly and maintenance are convenient, a flange plate is arranged at the upper end of a piston rod and is fixedly arranged with a carriage by utilizing the flange plate, a buffer spring is arranged inside a cylinder body, the buffer spring has elasticity, when a vehicle runs, the impact force generated downwards by the vehicle can be reduced by utilizing the buffer spring, and the elastic part is arranged on the outer surfaces of the, the overall buffering effect of the buffer structure is effectively improved by utilizing the elastic properties of the elastic piece and the buffering spring.

Description

Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a vehicle buffer technical field specifically is a railway vehicle buffer for safety inspection.
Background
The railway vehicle buffer is one of three main parts of a coupler buffer device, and mainly plays a role: the device has the advantages that firstly, the longitudinal impact energy of the train is absorbed, the impact between the vehicles is alleviated, the longitudinal force of the car coupler is reduced, the damage of the vehicles and the transported goods is reduced, and the longitudinal dynamic performance of the train is improved; and the transverse component force of the coupler and the derailment coefficient of the vehicle caused by longitudinal impact force are reduced, so that the stability and the stationarity of train operation are improved, and the safety of railway transportation is ensured.
At present, when rail vehicle moves, utilize vehicle buffer structure to cushion the protection usually, but when using, be not convenient for install, the operation is comparatively loaded down with trivial details, and generally only a set of buffer spring structure, and buffering effect is not very good, influences the use.
To the above problem, the utility model provides a railway vehicle buffer for safety inspection.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a rail vehicle buffer for safety inspection has possessed simple structure, is convenient for install and dismantle, and buffering effect is good, the advantage that facilitates the use to the problem in the background art has been solved.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a railway vehicle buffer for safety detection comprises a base structure and a buffer structure, wherein the base structure is arranged at the lower end of the buffer structure and comprises a bottom plate, a mounting plate and a supporting plate, the mounting plate is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the bottom plate, the supporting plate is arranged at the upper end of the mounting plate, the mounting plate comprises a placing groove, a jack and a mounting hole, the placing groove is machined on the upper surface of the mounting plate, the jack and the mounting hole are both arranged on the inner side of the placing groove, and the mounting hole is arranged in the middle of the placing groove;
the buffer structure comprises a connecting plate, a cylinder body, a piston rod, a flange plate and a sheath, wherein the connecting plate is arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate, the cylinder body is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the connecting plate, one end of the piston rod is arranged inside the cylinder body, the other end of the piston rod is fixedly arranged with the flange plate, and the sheath is arranged on the outer surface of the cylinder body.
Preferably, the backup pad includes inserted bar, bolster and construction bolt, and inserted bar fixed mounting is at the lower extreme of backup pad, and inserted bar and jack phase-match, and the bolster sets up in the upper end of backup pad, and backup pad and mounting panel pass through construction bolt fixed mounting.
Preferably, the bolster includes barrel, movable rod and elastic component, and barrel fixed mounting is in the upper end of backup pad, and the one end setting of movable rod is in the inside of barrel, other end and connecting plate fixed mounting, and the elastic component setting is at the surface of barrel and movable rod.
Preferably, the cylinder body includes spout and buffer spring, and the spout setting is at the inner wall of cylinder body, and buffer spring sets up the inside at the cylinder body.
Preferably, the piston rod includes connecting block and slider, and the connecting block setting is connected with buffer spring's one end at the lower extreme of piston rod, and the slider setting is in one side of connecting block, and with the spout phase-match.
Preferably, the buffer members are arranged in two groups, and the two groups of buffer members are symmetrically distributed about the transverse center line of the support plate.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. the utility model provides a rail vehicle buffer for safety inspection, upper end fixed mounting at the bottom plate has the mounting panel, the upper surface processing of mounting panel has the standing groove, the size and the standing groove phase-match of backup pad, be provided with four group's jacks in the inboard of standing groove simultaneously, and jack and inserted bar phase-match, make things convenient for operating personnel to put into the standing groove with the backup pad, and utilize the cooperation of construction bolt and mounting hole to use, make backup pad fixed mounting on the mounting panel, and easy operation, the later stage of being convenient for carries out the dismouting and maintains.
2. The utility model provides a rail vehicle buffer for safety inspection, the ring flange sets up the upper end at the piston rod, utilize ring flange and carriage fixed mounting, the cylinder body sets up the upper end at the connecting plate, buffer spring sets up the inside at the cylinder body, and buffer spring itself has elasticity, when the vehicle operation, utilize buffer spring can slow down the downward impact force that produces of vehicle, be provided with the barrel in the upper end of backup pad simultaneously, the movable rod sets up the upper end at the barrel, the other end and the connecting plate fixed mounting of movable rod, the elastic component sets up the surface at barrel and movable rod, when having the effect to produce, the movable rod can reciprocate in the barrel, utilize the elastic property of elastic component and buffer spring, the whole buffering effect of buffer structure has effectively been improved.
3. The utility model provides a rail vehicle buffer for safety inspection is provided with the spout at the inner wall of cylinder body, spout and slider phase-match, promote the piston rod comparatively stable when the up-and-down motion at buffer spring, are provided with the sheath at the surface of cylinder body simultaneously, can effectively protect the cylinder body, avoid producing the collision with other obstacles, influence the normal use of cylinder body.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a point a in fig. 2 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the cylinder structure of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base structure; 11. a base plate; 12. mounting a plate; 121. a placement groove; 122. a jack; 123. mounting holes; 13. a support plate; 131. inserting a rod; 132. a buffer member; 1321. a barrel; 1322. a movable rod; 1323. an elastic member; 133. installing a bolt; 2. a buffer structure; 21. a connecting plate; 22. a cylinder body; 221. a chute; 222. a buffer spring; 23. a piston rod; 231. connecting blocks; 232. a slider; 24. a flange plate; 25. a sheath.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, a railway vehicle buffer for safety detection comprises a base structure 1 and a buffer structure 2, wherein the base structure 1 is arranged at the lower end of the buffer structure 2, the base structure 1 comprises a bottom plate 11, a mounting plate 12 and a supporting plate 13, the mounting plate 12 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the bottom plate 11, the supporting plate 13 is arranged at the upper end of the mounting plate 12, the buffer structure 2 comprises a connecting plate 21, a cylinder body 22, a piston rod 23, a flange 24 and a sheath 25, the connecting plate 21 is arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate 13, the cylinder body 22 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the connecting plate 21, one end of the piston rod 23 is arranged inside the cylinder body 22, the other end of the piston rod 23 is fixedly arranged with the flange 24; can effectively protect cylinder body 22, avoid producing the collision with other barriers, influence the normal use of cylinder body 22.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the mounting plate 12 includes a placement groove 121, a receptacle 122 and a mounting hole 123, the placement groove 121 is formed on the upper surface of the mounting plate 12, the receptacle 122 and the mounting hole 123 are both disposed inside the placement groove 121, and the mounting hole 123 is disposed in the middle of the placement groove 121; the size of the supporting plate 13 is matched with that of the placing groove 121, meanwhile, four groups of insertion holes 122 are formed in the inner side of the placing groove 121, the insertion holes 122 are matched with the insertion rods 131, an operator can conveniently place the supporting plate 13 into the placing groove 121, and the supporting plate 13 is fixedly installed on the installing plate 12 by means of matching of the installing bolts 133 and the installing holes 123, so that the operation is simple, and later-stage disassembly and maintenance are facilitated; the supporting plate 13 comprises an inserting rod 131, a buffer member 132 and a mounting bolt 133, the inserting rod 131 is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the supporting plate 13, the inserting rod 131 is matched with the inserting hole 122, the buffer member 132 is arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate 13, and the supporting plate 13 and the mounting plate 12 are fixedly mounted through the mounting bolt 133; the buffer member 132 includes a cylinder 1321, a movable rod 1322 and an elastic member 1323, the cylinder 1321 is fixedly installed at the upper end of the support plate 13, one end of the movable rod 1322 is disposed inside the cylinder 1321, the other end is fixedly installed with the connection plate 21, and the elastic member 1323 is disposed on the outer surfaces of the cylinder 1321 and the movable rod 1322; the buffering members 132 are provided in two sets, and the two sets of the buffering members 132 are symmetrically distributed about the transverse center line of the supporting plate 13.
Referring to fig. 4, the cylinder 22 includes a sliding groove 221 and a buffer spring 222, the sliding groove 221 is disposed on an inner wall of the cylinder 22, and the buffer spring 222 is disposed inside the cylinder 22; the buffer spring 222 has elasticity, when the vehicle runs, the impact force generated downwards by the vehicle can be relieved by the buffer spring 222, meanwhile, the cylinder 1321 is arranged at the upper end of the support plate 13, the movable rod 1322 is arranged at the upper end of the cylinder 1321, the other end of the movable rod 1322 is fixedly installed with the connecting plate 21, the elastic piece 1323 is arranged on the outer surfaces of the cylinder 1321 and the movable rod 1322, when the acting force is generated, the movable rod 1322 can move up and down in the cylinder 1321, and the overall buffering effect of the buffer structure 2 is effectively improved by the elastic performance of the elastic piece 1323 and the buffer spring 222; the piston rod 23 comprises a connecting block 231 and a sliding block 232, the connecting block 231 is arranged at the lower end of the piston rod 23, the connecting block 231 is connected with one end of the buffer spring 222, and the sliding block 232 is arranged at one side of the connecting block 231 and matched with the sliding groove 221; the buffer spring 222 is stable when the piston rod 23 is pushed to move up and down.
In summary, the following steps: the utility model provides a railway vehicle buffer for safety inspection, including base structure 1 and buffer structure 2, base structure 1 sets up the lower extreme at buffer structure 2, fixed mounting has mounting panel 12 in the upper end of bottom plate 11, mounting panel 12's upper surface processing has standing groove 121, the size of backup pad 13 and standing groove 121 phase-match, be provided with four groups of jacks 122 in the inboard of standing groove 121 simultaneously, and jack 122 and inserted bar 131 phase-match, make things convenient for operating personnel to put backup pad 13 into standing groove 121, and utilize the cooperation of construction bolt 133 and mounting hole 123 to use, make backup pad 13 fixed mounting on mounting panel 12, easy operation, the later stage of being convenient for carries out dismouting maintenance, ring flange 24 sets up the upper end at piston rod 23, utilize ring flange 24 and carriage fixed mounting, cylinder body 22 sets up the upper end at connecting plate 21, buffer spring 222 sets up the inside cylinder body 22, the buffer spring 222 has elasticity, when the vehicle runs, the impact force generated downwards by the vehicle can be relieved by the buffer spring 222, meanwhile, the cylinder 1321 is arranged at the upper end of the support plate 13, the movable rod 1322 is arranged at the upper end of the cylinder 1321, the other end of the movable rod 1322 is fixedly arranged with the connecting plate 21, the elastic member 1323 is arranged on the outer surfaces of the cylinder 1321 and the movable rod 1322, when the action force is generated, the movable rod 1322 can move up and down in the cylinder 1321, the whole buffering effect of the buffer structure 2 is effectively improved by the elastic performance of the elastic member 1323 and the buffer spring 222, the sliding groove 221 is arranged on the inner wall of the cylinder 22, the sliding groove 221 is matched with the sliding block 232, the piston rod 23 is relatively stable when the buffer spring 222 pushes the piston rod 23 to move up and down, meanwhile, the protective sleeve 25 is arranged on the outer surface of the cylinder 22, the cylinder 22 can be, affecting normal use of the cylinder 22.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a railway vehicle buffer for safety inspection, includes base structure (1) and buffer structure (2), and base structure (1) sets up the lower extreme at buffer structure (2), its characterized in that: the base structure (1) comprises a bottom plate (11), a mounting plate (12) and a supporting plate (13), the mounting plate (12) is fixedly mounted at the upper end of the bottom plate (11), the supporting plate (13) is arranged at the upper end of the mounting plate (12), the mounting plate (12) comprises a placing groove (121), an inserting hole (122) and a mounting hole (123), the placing groove (121) is machined on the upper surface of the mounting plate (12), the inserting hole (122) and the mounting hole (123) are both arranged on the inner side of the placing groove (121), and the mounting hole (123) is arranged in the middle of the placing groove (121);
buffer structure (2) include connecting plate (21), cylinder body (22), piston rod (23), ring flange (24) and sheath (25), and connecting plate (21) set up in the upper end of backup pad (13), and cylinder body (22) fixed mounting is in the upper end of connecting plate (21), and the one end setting of piston rod (23) is in the inside of cylinder body (22), and the other end and ring flange (24) fixed mounting, and sheath (25) set up the surface at cylinder body (22).
2. A railway vehicle buffer for safety checks as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the supporting plate (13) comprises an inserting rod (131), a buffering piece (132) and a mounting bolt (133), the inserting rod (131) is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the supporting plate (13), the inserting rod (131) is matched with the inserting hole (122), the buffering piece (132) is arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate (13), and the supporting plate (13) and the mounting plate (12) are fixedly mounted through the mounting bolt (133).
3. A railway vehicle buffer for safety checks as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the buffer piece (132) comprises a cylinder body (1321), a movable rod (1322) and an elastic piece (1323), the cylinder body (1321) is fixedly installed at the upper end of the supporting plate (13), one end of the movable rod (1322) is arranged inside the cylinder body (1321), the other end of the movable rod is fixedly installed with the connecting plate (21), and the elastic piece (1323) is arranged on the outer surfaces of the cylinder body (1321) and the movable rod (1322).
4. A railway vehicle buffer for safety checks as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cylinder body (22) comprises a sliding groove (221) and a buffer spring (222), the sliding groove (221) is arranged on the inner wall of the cylinder body (22), and the buffer spring (222) is arranged inside the cylinder body (22).
5. A railway vehicle buffer for safety checks as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the piston rod (23) comprises a connecting block (231) and a sliding block (232), the connecting block (231) is arranged at the lower end of the piston rod (23), the connecting block (231) is connected with one end of the buffer spring (222), and the sliding block (232) is arranged on one side of the connecting block (231) and matched with the sliding groove (221).
6. A railway vehicle buffer for safety checks as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the buffer parts (132) are arranged in two groups, and the two groups of buffer parts (132) are symmetrically distributed about the transverse center line of the supporting plate (13).
CN202022526141.0U 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection Active CN213384257U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022526141.0U CN213384257U (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022526141.0U CN213384257U (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213384257U true CN213384257U (en) 2021-06-08

Family

ID=76192798

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022526141.0U Active CN213384257U (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Railway vehicle buffer for safety detection

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213384257U (en)

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