CN213112932U - High-efficient compound ecological water purification system - Google Patents

High-efficient compound ecological water purification system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213112932U
CN213112932U CN202020731708.5U CN202020731708U CN213112932U CN 213112932 U CN213112932 U CN 213112932U CN 202020731708 U CN202020731708 U CN 202020731708U CN 213112932 U CN213112932 U CN 213112932U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sewage
filter layer
layer
water
water purification
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020731708.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王庆庆
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Guangzhou Juhaikang Biotechnology Development Co ltd
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Guangzhou Juhaikang Biotechnology Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of water purification systems, and discloses a high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system, which comprises a sewage collection tank, a composite soil water purification unit and a water outlet tank, wherein a sewage discharge pump is arranged between the sewage collection tank and the composite soil water purification unit, a sewage inlet pipe is connected to the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump, a sewage discharge pipe is connected to the sewage discharge end, the composite soil water purification unit comprises a wall body, a coarse filter layer, a fast filter layer, a slow filter layer, a deep filter layer and a water outlet layer are arranged in the wall body from top to bottom, a water distribution hose and a green plant are arranged at the top of the coarse filter layer, an impermeable membrane is arranged at the bottom of the water outlet layer, a communication port is arranged on the side wall of the; the utility model has the characteristics of can handle the sewage that the pollution degree is high, treatment effect is good, impact load is high.

Description

High-efficient compound ecological water purification system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a water purification system technical field, concretely relates to high-efficient compound ecological water purification system.
Background
At present, because of the continuous development of the industry in China, the water area pollution of rural and suburban areas in China is more serious; however, due to the fact that planning is delayed, sewage treatment is still in a starting stage, and many difficulties and problems exist, and two main reasons exist, namely, construction funds are relatively lacked, and a technology suitable for sewage treatment in rural and suburban areas in China is not developed.
In the prior art, the sewage treatment process used in rural and suburban areas adopts more technologies, namely an artificial wetland and an oxidation pond treatment process, except for a conventional activated sludge method, but the oxidation pond process is only suitable for treating sewage with lower pollution degree, and has the problem that the sewage with more serious pollution degree cannot be well treated.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides a high-efficient compound ecological water purification system.
In order to solve the technical problem, the technical scheme of the utility model is that: a high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system comprises a sewage collection tank, a composite soil water purification unit and a water outlet tank, wherein a sewage discharge pump is arranged between the sewage collection tank and the composite soil water purification unit, a sewage inlet pipe is connected to the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump, one end of the sewage inlet pipe is connected with the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump, the other end of the sewage inlet pipe penetrates into the sewage collection tank to be communicated with the sewage collection tank, a sewage discharge pipe is connected to the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump, one end of the sewage discharge pipe is connected with the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump, and the other end of the sewage discharge pipe penetrates into the composite; the composite soil water purification unit comprises a wall body, the wall body is of a top and bottom non-closed structure, a coarse filter layer, a fast filter layer, a slow filter layer, a deep filter layer and a water outlet layer are sequentially arranged in the wall body from top to bottom, a water distribution hose and green plants are arranged at the top of the coarse filter layer, the water distribution hose is laid on the top surface of the coarse filter layer, the water inlet end of the water distribution hose is connected with a drain pipe, the water outlet end of the water distribution hose is arranged towards the top surface side of the coarse filter layer, the green plants are planted on the coarse filter layer, the arrangement of the green plants and the laying of the water distribution hose do not interfere with each other, an anti-seepage film is arranged at the bottom of the water outlet layer, and the anti-seepage film; the side wall of the wall body close to the side of the water outlet pool is provided with a communication port which is communicated with the side wall of the wall body, the communication port is connected with the water outlet layer, the communication port is connected with a water outlet pipe, one end of the water outlet pipe is communicated with the communication port, and the other end of the water outlet pipe penetrates into the water outlet pool to be communicated with the water outlet pool.
Preferably, the coarse filtering layer is made of raw soil and fine sand materials, and the thickness of the coarse filtering layer is 5-10 cm.
Preferably, the quick filter layer is made of raw soil and anthracite filter materials, and the thickness of the quick filter layer is 25-50 cm.
Preferably, the slow filter layer is made of raw soil and volcanic rock filter materials, and the thickness of the slow filter layer is 30-60 cm.
Preferably, the pipe of permeating water of first resistance to compression is provided with in slow filter layer inside, and the pipe both ends of permeating water of first resistance to compression all are the laminating setting with the inner wall of both sides wall body together.
Preferably, be provided with the oxygen machine between compound soil water purification unit and the play pond, be provided with the air duct on the oxygen outlet of oxygen machine, the air duct penetrates to the slow filtration layer in by the vertical downward of coarse filtration layer, and the air duct communicates with the pipe of permeating water of first resistance to compression.
Preferably, the deep filtering layer is made of raw soil and zeolite powder materials, and the thickness of the deep filtering layer is 20-30 cm.
Preferably, the water outlet layer is made of coarse sand and fine sand materials, and the thickness of the water outlet layer is 6-12 cm.
Preferably, a second pressure-resistant water-permeable pipe is arranged in the water outlet layer, one end of the second pressure-resistant water-permeable pipe is attached to the inner part of the wall body close to the sewage collecting tank side, and the other end of the second pressure-resistant water-permeable pipe is communicated with the communicating port.
Compare prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model constructs the coarse filter layer, the fast filter layer, the slow filter layer and the deep filter layer by using the raw soil, the fine sand, the anthracite filter material, the volcanic filter material and the zeolite powder material, the coarse filter layer, the fast filter layer, the slow filter layer and the deep filter layer constructed by the materials can bear higher impact load, the stability of the whole structure is ensured, and the utility model can be widely applied to different fields, meanwhile, the arranged coarse filter layer, the fast filter layer, the slow filter layer and the deep filter layer have the effect of filtering and treating sewage, and adopt a graded filter structure, and the coarse filter layer, the fast filter layer, the slow filter layer and the deep filter layer are constructed without cleaning a large amount of stone slag and gravel and large-scale reinforced concrete pouring construction, under the prerequisite of guaranteeing use cost, compare in prior art, can handle the sewage that the pollution degree is high, and can guarantee the treatment effect.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the composite soil water purification unit of the utility model.
Reference numerals: 1. a sewage collecting tank; 2. a composite soil water purification unit; 21. a wall body; 22. a coarse filtration layer; 23. a fast filtering layer; 24. a slow filtration layer; 25. a deep filtration layer; 26. a water outlet layer; 27. an impermeable membrane; 28. a communication port; 3. a water outlet pool; 4. a sewage pump; 5. a sewage inlet pipe; 6. a blow-off pipe; 7. a water distribution hose; 8. green plants; 9. a water outlet pipe; 10. a first pressure-resistant water permeable pipe; 11. an oxygen charger; 12. an air duct; 13. and a second pressure resistant water permeable pipe.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b): referring to fig. 1 and 2, the embodiment provides a high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system, which comprises a sewage collection tank 1, a composite soil water purification unit 2 and a water outlet tank 3, industrial wastewater generated by a factory is discharged into the sewage collection tank 1 for collection, a sewage discharge pump 4 is arranged between the sewage collection tank 1 and the composite soil water purification unit 2, a sewage inlet pipe 5 is connected to the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump 4, one end of the sewage inlet pipe 5 is connected to the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump 4, the other end of the sewage inlet pipe penetrates into the sewage collection tank 1 to be communicated with the sewage collection tank 1, a sewage discharge pipe 6 is connected to the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump 4, one end of the sewage discharge pipe 6 is connected to the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump 4, the other end of the sewage discharge pipe penetrates into the composite soil water purification unit 2 to be communicated with the composite soil water purification unit 2, and the sewage discharge pump 4 can pump; the composite soil water purification unit 2 comprises a wall body 21, the wall body 21 is of a top and bottom non-closed structure, a coarse filtration layer 22, a fast filtration layer 23, a slow filtration layer 24, a deep filtration layer 25 and a water outlet layer 26 are sequentially arranged in the wall body 21 from top to bottom, a water distribution hose 7 and green plants 8 are arranged at the top of the coarse filtration layer 22, the water distribution hose 7 is laid on the top surface of the coarse filtration layer 22, the water inlet end of the water distribution hose 7 is connected with a drain pipe 6, the water outlet end of the water distribution hose 7 is arranged towards the top surface side of the coarse filtration layer 22, sewage discharged by the drain pipe 6 can enter the water distribution hose 7, under the water distribution effect of the water distribution hose 7, the sewage flows into the top surface of the coarse filtration layer 22, the sewage is sequentially distributed on the coarse filtration layer 22 more uniformly, so that the coarse filtration layer 22 and the subsequent fast filtration layer 23, slow filtration layer 24 and deep filtration layer 25 can better treat the sewage, and the green plants 8 are planted on the coarse filtration layer 22, the arrangement of the green plants 8 does not interfere with the laying of the water distribution hose 7, the green plants 8 can be terrestrial plants such as pennisetum hydridum, elephant grass and the like, and the green plants 8 not only can play a role in grasping the coarse filtering layer 22 structure, so that the coarse filtering layer 22 structure is not easy to lose and loose in temperature, but also can absorb organic pollutants in sewage and play a certain role in treating the sewage; the bottom of the water outlet layer 26 is provided with an impermeable membrane 27, the impermeable membrane 27 and the wall body 21 form a frame structure with an unclosed top, and the impermeable membrane 27 can prevent sewage from flowing outwards to pollute external soil; the side wall of the wall 21 close to the side of the water outlet pool 3 is provided with a communication port 28 which runs through the side wall of the wall 21, the communication port 28 is connected with the water outlet layer 26, the communication port 28 is connected with a water outlet pipe 9, one end of the water outlet pipe 9 is communicated with the communication port 28, the other end of the water outlet pipe 9 penetrates into the water outlet pool 3 to be communicated with the water outlet pool 3, and after the sewage is filtered by the coarse filter layer 22, the fast filter layer 23, the slow filter layer 24 and the deep filter layer 25, the sewage can flow out from the communication port 28 and the water outlet pipe 9 after reaching the water outlet layer 26 and then enters the water.
The coarse filtering layer 22 is made of raw soil and fine sand materials, the thickness of the coarse filtering layer 22 is 5-10 cm, in the embodiment, the thickness of the coarse filtering layer 22 is selected to be 8cm, the coarse filtering layer 22 can primarily filter sewage, and suspended matters with large volume in the sewage are mainly intercepted; the fast filter layer 23 is made of raw soil and anthracite filter materials, the thickness of the fast filter layer 23 is 25-50 cm, in the embodiment, the thickness of the fast filter layer 23 is 40cm, and the anthracite filter materials have good pressure resistance and adsorbability, so that most of suspended matters and part of organic pollutants in sewage can be adsorbed, and the impact load resistance of the whole composite soil water purification unit 2 can be enhanced; the slow filter layer 24 is made of raw soil and volcanic rock filter materials, the thickness of the slow filter layer 24 is 30-60 cm, and in the embodiment, the thickness of the slow filter layer 24 is 35 cm; the slow filtering layer 24 is internally provided with first pressure-resistant permeable pipes 10, and two ends of each first pressure-resistant permeable pipe 10 are attached to the inner walls of the wall bodies 21 at two sides, in the embodiment, the number of the first pressure-resistant permeable pipes 10 is 3, and the first pressure-resistant permeable pipes are distributed in the slow filtering layer 24 from top to bottom; an oxygen filling machine 11 is arranged between the composite soil water purification unit 2 and the water outlet pool 3, an oxygen outlet of the oxygen filling machine 11 is provided with an air duct 12, the air duct 12 vertically penetrates into a slow filtering layer 24 from a rough filtering layer 22 downwards, the air duct 12 is communicated with a first pressure-resistant water-permeable pipe 10, and the air duct 12 is arranged to enable oxygen discharged from the oxygen outlet of the oxygen filling machine 11 to enter the first pressure-resistant water-permeable pipe 10 through the air duct 12, so that oxygen filling work is carried out in the slow filtering layer 24; the volcanic filter material has the characteristics of uniform water and gas distribution and positive charges on the surface, is favorable for the fixation and growth of microorganisms, and is matched with the oxygen filling machine 11 to input oxygen inwards, so that a large amount of microorganisms can be generated in the slow filter layer 24, and the microorganisms can remove most of soluble organic pollutants in sewage; the deep filtering layer 25 is made of raw soil and zeolite powder materials, the thickness of the deep filtering layer 25 is 20-30 cm, in the embodiment, the thickness of the deep filtering layer 25 is 30cm, and the zeolite powder has strong adsorbability and can adsorb soluble organic pollutants remained in sewage, so that the treated sewage reaches the discharge standard; the water outlet layer 26 is made of coarse sand and fine sand, the thickness of the water outlet layer 26 is 6-12 cm, and in the embodiment, the thickness of the water outlet layer 26 is selected to be 8 cm; go out the inside second anti-pressure permeable pipe 13 that is provided with of water layer 26, second anti-pressure permeable pipe 13 one end and lean on the inside laminating setting that is of wall body 21 of dirty pond 1 side together, the other end is linked together with intercommunication mouth 28, and the sewage that flows into in the water layer 26 gets into behind the second anti-pressure permeable pipe 13 outwards discharge by intercommunication mouth 28, in outlet water 3 is discharged through outlet pipe 9, collects.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "coaxial", "bottom", "one end", "top", "middle", "other end", "upper", "one side", "top", "inner", "front", "center", "both ends", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "connected," "fixed," "screwed" and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and may be connected through the inside of two elements or in an interaction relationship between two elements, unless otherwise specifically defined, and the specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention will be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The above is only the typical example of the utility model, in addition, the utility model can also have other multiple concrete implementation manners, and the technical scheme that all adopt equivalent replacement or equivalent transform to form all falls within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a high-efficient compound ecological water purification system, includes dirty pond (1), compound soil water purification unit (2) and play pond (3), its characterized in that of collection: a sewage discharge pump (4) is arranged between the sewage collection tank (1) and the composite soil water purification unit (2), a sewage inlet pipe (5) is connected to the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump (4), one end of the sewage inlet pipe (5) is connected with the sewage inlet end of the sewage discharge pump (4), the other end of the sewage inlet pipe penetrates into the sewage collection tank (1) and is communicated with the sewage collection tank (1), a sewage discharge pipe (6) is connected to the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump (4), one end of the sewage discharge pipe (6) is connected with the sewage discharge end of the sewage discharge pump (4), and the other end of the sewage discharge pipe penetrates into the composite soil water purification unit (2) and is communicated with the composite soil water purification unit; the composite soil water purification unit (2) comprises a wall body (21), the wall body (21) is of a structure with the top and the bottom not closed, a coarse filter layer (22) and a quick filter layer (23) are sequentially arranged in the wall body (21) from top to bottom, the water distribution device comprises a slow filter layer (24), a deep filter layer (25) and a water outlet layer (26), wherein a water distribution hose (7) and green plants (8) are arranged at the top of a coarse filter layer (22), the water distribution hose (7) is laid on the top surface of the coarse filter layer (22), the water inlet end of the water distribution hose (7) is connected with a sewage discharge pipe (6), the water outlet end of the water distribution hose (7) is arranged towards the top surface side of the coarse filter layer (22), the green plants (8) are planted on the coarse filter layer (22), the arrangement of the green plants (8) and the laying of the water distribution hose (7) do not interfere with each other, an anti-seepage film (27) is arranged at the bottom of the water outlet layer (26), and the anti-seepage film (27) and a wall body (21) form a frame structure with an unclosed top; a communication port (28) which penetrates through the side wall of the wall body (21) is formed in the side wall of the wall body (21) close to the water outlet pool (3), the communication port (28) is connected with the water outlet layer (26), a water outlet pipe (9) is connected to the communication port (28), one end of the water outlet pipe (9) is communicated with the communication port (28), and the other end of the water outlet pipe penetrates into the water outlet pool (3) and is communicated with the water outlet pool (3).
2. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the coarse filter layer (22) is made of raw soil and fine sand materials, and the thickness of the coarse filter layer (22) is 5-10 cm.
3. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the fast filter layer (23) is composed of raw soil and anthracite filter materials, and the thickness of the fast filter layer (23) is 25-50 cm.
4. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the slow filter layer (24) is made of raw soil and volcanic rock filter materials, and the thickness of the slow filter layer (24) is 30-60 cm.
5. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: the slow filtering layer (24) is internally provided with a first pressure-resistant permeable pipe (10), and two ends of the first pressure-resistant permeable pipe (10) are both attached to the inner walls of the wall bodies (21) at two sides.
6. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that: an oxygen filling machine (11) is arranged between the composite soil water purification unit (2) and the water outlet pool (3), an oxygen outlet of the oxygen filling machine (11) is provided with an air duct (12), the air duct (12) vertically penetrates into the slow filtering layer (24) downwards from the coarse filtering layer (22), and the air duct (12) is communicated with the first pressure-resistant water permeable pipe (10).
7. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the deep filtering layer (25) is made of raw soil and zeolite powder materials, and the thickness of the deep filtering layer (25) is 20-30 cm.
8. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the water outlet layer (26) is made of coarse sand and fine sand materials, and the thickness of the water outlet layer (26) is 6-12 cm.
9. The high-efficiency composite ecological water purification system according to claim 8, characterized in that: a second pressure resistant water permeable pipe (13) is arranged in the water outlet layer (26), one end of the second pressure resistant water permeable pipe (13) is attached to the inner part of the wall body (21) close to the side of the sewage collecting tank (1), and the other end of the second pressure resistant water permeable pipe is communicated with the communication port (28).
CN202020731708.5U 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 High-efficient compound ecological water purification system Expired - Fee Related CN213112932U (en)

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CN202020731708.5U CN213112932U (en) 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 High-efficient compound ecological water purification system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020731708.5U CN213112932U (en) 2020-05-07 2020-05-07 High-efficient compound ecological water purification system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114656113A (en) * 2022-04-19 2022-06-24 海南南洋新鑫环保科技有限公司 Novel mariculture tail water treatment and recycling process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114656113A (en) * 2022-04-19 2022-06-24 海南南洋新鑫环保科技有限公司 Novel mariculture tail water treatment and recycling process

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Granted publication date: 20210504

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