CN210457866U - Rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage - Google Patents

Rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210457866U
CN210457866U CN201921321188.4U CN201921321188U CN210457866U CN 210457866 U CN210457866 U CN 210457866U CN 201921321188 U CN201921321188 U CN 201921321188U CN 210457866 U CN210457866 U CN 210457866U
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layer
water inlet
adsorption
water
sewage
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刘志超
曹俊磊
蒋川
郭健
张敬
李红艳
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Jinan Yinhe Road And Bridge Testing And Testing Co ltd
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Jinan Yinhe Road And Bridge Testing And Testing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a rural domestic sewage purifies, system is used in retaining storage, domestic sewage passes through the inlet tube and flows downwards, sewage after I reason of adsorption packing layer passes through water inlet II and gets into in the anaerobic chamber, microorganism through II in the adsorption packing layer carries out secondary treatment to sewage in the process gets into the purification tank through the delivery port, microorganism in III in the adsorption packing layer in the purification tank handles sewage, sewage after handling waters the plant on arranging the planting soil layer through the overflow mouth, remaining water gets into in the filtering ponds after IV filtration of adsorption packing layer and through geotechnological cloth secondary filtration, water after the filtration gets into the cistern through the overflow pipe, open valve II when the needs water and can pass through the intake use of draining, when the bottom of the inlet tube has accumulated more silt or large granule impurity, open valve I and can get rid of through the mud pipe. The system is easy to construct and install, short in construction period and low in manufacturing cost, effectively controls rural domestic sewage, and effectively saves water resources.

Description

Rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a sewage treatment technical field, concretely relates to rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage.
Background
At present, with the development of sponge urban technology, the sponge urban technology is widely applied in urban development, and corresponding measures are less applied in rural areas. Domestic sewage of rural residents is mostly directly discharged and flows transversely, village capacity is influenced, the sewage permeates underground for a long time, and organic matters, pathogenic bacteria and the like in the domestic sewage cause water quality deterioration of rural underground water. Due to the restriction of serious construction lag of the rural sewage discharge pipeline and other infrastructure, the operation and construction cost for installing the sewage discharge pipeline for the treatment of rural domestic sewage is overhigh.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system with simple structure, low cost and water saving resource, which overcomes the defects of the prior art.
The utility model overcomes the technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is:
a rural domestic sewage purification, retaining system for storage includes:
a planting soil layer for planting plants, wherein an adsorption filler layer IV is arranged below the planting soil layer;
the filter tank is positioned right below the adsorption filler layer IV, the upper end of the filter tank is opened, a closed containing cavity is formed in the filter tank, and the upper end opening of the filter tank is wrapped with geotextile;
the device comprises a water inlet pipe, a water outlet pipe and a valve I, wherein the water inlet pipe is vertically arranged, the upper end of the water inlet pipe is connected with a sewage discharge pipeline through a water inlet I, an adsorption packing layer I is arranged in the water inlet pipe, a sludge discharge pipe is arranged at the lower end of the water inlet pipe and is positioned below the adsorption packing layer I, and the sludge discharge pipe is provided with the valve I;
the anaerobic chamber is positioned below the filter tank, the periphery of the anaerobic chamber is closed, a closed cavity is formed in the anaerobic chamber, an adsorption filler layer II is arranged in the cavity of the anaerobic chamber, one side of the anaerobic chamber is connected with a water inlet pipe through a water inlet II, and the water inlet II is positioned below the adsorption filler layer I;
the purification tank is of an annular structure and surrounds the periphery of the filter tank and the anaerobic chamber, a closed cavity is formed in the purification tank, an adsorption packing layer III is arranged in the cavity of the purification tank, the bottom of the purification tank is communicated with the upper end of the anaerobic chamber through a water outlet, an overflow port is formed in the upper end of the purification tank, and the overflow port is located above the planting soil layer;
the upper end of overflow pipe links to each other with the filtering ponds, and its lower extreme links to each other with the cistern, the upper end of cistern is provided with the delivery port, be provided with valve II on the delivery port.
Preferably, the adsorption filler layer I is made by filling zeolite materials.
Preferably, the adsorption packing layer II is filled with a ceramsite material.
Preferably, the adsorption filler layer III is filled with an activated carbon material.
Preferably, the adsorption filler layer IV is made of a mixed material of zeolite and activated carbon, wherein the mass ratio of the zeolite to the activated carbon is 1:1.5-1: 2.
In order to improve the filtering effect, the sand filter also comprises a fine sand layer and a coarse sand layer which are arranged between the adsorption packing layer IV and the geotextile, wherein the fine sand layer is positioned above the coarse sand layer, the outer diameter of the gravel of the fine sand layer is 5-10mm, and the outer diameter of the gravel of the coarse sand layer is 20-30 mm.
In order to realize sewage filtration, a plurality of layers of grids are arranged in the water inlet II side by side, and the inner diameters of meshes on the grids are different.
The utility model has the advantages that: domestic sewage passes through the inlet tube and flows down, sewage after I reason of adsorption packing layer passes through water inlet II and gets into in the anaerobic chamber, microorganism in II through adsorption packing layer carries out secondary treatment to sewage and gets into the purification tank through the delivery port after, microorganism in III in adsorption packing layer in the purification tank handles sewage, sewage after the processing waters the plant on discharging the planting soil layer through the overflow mouth, remaining water filters through IV of adsorption packing layer and gets into in the filtering ponds after passing through geotechnological cloth secondary filter, water after the filtration passes through the overflow pipe and gets into in the cistern, open valve II when needs water and can use through getting the water tap, when long-pending more silt or large granule impurity of having collected in the inlet tube bottom, open valve I and can get rid of through the mud pipe. The system is easy to construct and install, short in construction period and low in manufacturing cost, effectively controls rural domestic sewage, and can be repeatedly used due to the improvement of the effluent quality, so that water resources are effectively saved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a front view cross-sectional structure of the present invention;
in the figure, 1, a water inlet pipe 2, a water inlet I3, an adsorption packing layer I4, an anaerobic chamber 5, a grid 6, a water inlet II 7, an adsorption packing layer II 8, a sludge discharge pipe 9, a valve I10, a water outlet 11, a purification tank 12, an adsorption packing layer III 13, an overflow port 14, a plant 15, a planting soil layer 16, an adsorption packing layer IV 17, a fine sand layer 18, a coarse sand layer 19, a filtration tank 20, a geotextile 21, an overflow pipe 22, a reservoir 23, a water intake 24 and a valve II are arranged.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to fig. 1.
A rural domestic sewage purification, retaining system for storage includes: a planting soil layer 15 for planting plants 14, wherein an adsorption filler layer IV 16 is arranged below the planting soil layer 15; the filtering tank 19 is positioned right below the adsorption filler layer IV 16, the upper end of the filtering tank is opened, a closed containing cavity is formed in the filtering tank 19, and the upper end opening of the filtering tank 19 is wrapped with geotextile 20; the sewage treatment device comprises a water inlet pipe 1, a sewage pipe and a valve I9, wherein the water inlet pipe 1 is vertically arranged, the upper end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the sewage pipe through a water inlet I2, an adsorption packing layer I3 is arranged in the water inlet pipe 1, a sludge discharge pipe 8 is arranged at the lower end of the water inlet pipe 1, the sludge discharge pipe 8 is positioned below the adsorption packing layer I3, and the sludge discharge pipe 8 is provided with; the anaerobic chamber 4 is positioned below the filter 19, the periphery of the anaerobic chamber is closed, a closed cavity is formed in the interior of the anaerobic chamber 4, an adsorption filler layer II 7 is arranged in the cavity of the anaerobic chamber 4, one side of the anaerobic chamber 4 is connected with the water inlet pipe 1 through a water inlet II 6, and the water inlet II 6 is positioned below the adsorption filler layer I3; the purification tank 11 is of an annular structure and surrounds the periphery of the filter tank 19 and the anaerobic chamber 4, a closed cavity is arranged in the purification tank 11, an adsorption filler layer III 12 is arranged in the cavity of the purification tank 11, the bottom of the purification tank 11 is communicated with the upper end of the anaerobic chamber 4 through a water outlet 10, an overflow port 13 is arranged at the upper end of the purification tank 11, and the overflow port 13 is positioned above the planting soil layer 15; and the upper end of the overflow pipe 21 is connected with the filter tank 19, the lower end of the overflow pipe is connected with the water storage tank 22, the upper end of the water storage tank 22 is provided with a water taking port 23, and the water taking port 23 is provided with a valve II 24. Domestic sewage flows downwards through a water inlet pipe 1, the domestic sewage is subjected to primary treatment after flocculation, interception, adsorption and decomposition of macromolecular organic matters, inorganic salts such as nitrogen and phosphorus and the like in the sewage by microorganisms attached to an adsorption packing layer I3, the treated sewage enters an anaerobic chamber 4 through a water inlet II 6, the sewage is subjected to secondary treatment by the microorganisms in the adsorption packing layer II 7 and then enters a purification tank 11 through a water outlet 10, the sewage is treated by the microorganisms in an adsorption packing layer III 12 in the purification tank 11, the treated sewage is discharged onto a planting soil layer 15 through an overflow port 13 to irrigate plants 14, the rest water is filtered by an adsorption packing layer IV 16 and then enters a filter tank 19 after secondary filtration by geotextile 20, the filtered water enters a reservoir 22 through an overflow pipe 21, and when water is needed, a valve II 24 is opened, so that the water can be discharged through a water intake 23 for use, when more sludge or large-particle impurities are accumulated at the bottom of the water inlet pipe 1, the sludge can be discharged through the sludge discharge pipe 8 by opening the valve I9. The system is easy to construct and install, short in construction period and low in manufacturing cost, effectively controls rural domestic sewage, and can be repeatedly used due to the improvement of the effluent quality, so that water resources are effectively saved.
Preferably, the adsorption filler layer I3 is made by filling zeolite materials. Zeolite is a silicate mineral, has developed pores and strong adsorption, is used for removing inorganic ion exchanger, and can exchange with heavy metal cations such as Ca2+, Mg2+, Cs +, K +, Na + and the like in water to reduce total hardness of water, and also is used for reducing total hardness of waterAlso has the advantages of large area and strong internal static electricity, and can ensure that the quality of the sewage can reach the standard and be discharged. The zeolite is used as BAF filter material to effectively remove COD, ammonia nitrogen and turbidity. The adsorption packing layer II 7 is made by filling ceramsite materials. The ceramsite can be attached with nitrifying bacteria, and gaps among the ceramsite can also play a role in filtering. The adsorption filler layer III 12 is filled with an activated carbon material. The surface of the activated carbon has countless fine pores. The diameter of the micropores on the surface of the activated carbon is mostly between 2 nm and 50nm, even a small amount of activated carbon has huge surface area, and the surface area of each gram of activated carbon is 500-
Figure DEST_PATH_IMAGE001
Can adsorb one or more substances in water to achieve the purpose of purifying water quality. Furthermore, the adsorption filler layer IV 16 is made of a mixed material of zeolite and activated carbon, wherein the mass ratio of the zeolite to the activated carbon is 1:1.5-1: 2.
Further, the sand-filled type adsorption packing material further comprises a fine sand layer 17 and a coarse sand layer 18 which are arranged between the adsorption packing layer IV 16 and the geotextile 20, wherein the fine sand layer 17 is positioned above the coarse sand layer 18, the outer diameter of the gravel of the fine sand layer 17 is 5-10mm, and the outer diameter of the gravel of the coarse sand layer 18 is 20-30 mm. Through the filtration of two layers of sand layers of the fine sand layer 17 and the coarse sand layer 18, the water filtered by the adsorption filler layer IV 16 is subjected to secondary filtration, and the purity of the purified water is improved.
Preferably, a plurality of layers of grids 5 are arranged in the water inlet II 6 side by side, and the inner diameters of meshes on the grids 5 are different. The grid 5 that sets up in water inlet II 6 can carry out the great filth of filtration size to the sewage that gets into in the anaerobic chamber 4 from inlet tube 1, blocks the filth outside, prevents that it from getting into in the anaerobic chamber 4, because the mesh internal diameter equipartition on every grid 5 is the same with the mesh internal diameter equipartition on other grids 5, consequently when taking place to block up, only need change one of them grid 5 can.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage which characterized in that includes:
a planting soil layer (15) for planting plants (14), wherein an adsorption filler layer IV (16) is arranged below the planting soil layer (15);
the filtering tank (19) is positioned right below the adsorption packing layer IV (16), the upper end of the filtering tank is opened, a closed containing cavity is formed in the filtering tank, and the upper end opening of the filtering tank (19) is wrapped with geotextile (20);
the sewage treatment device comprises a water inlet pipe (1), a sewage pipe and a sewage pipe, wherein the water inlet pipe (1) is vertically arranged, the upper end of the water inlet pipe is connected with the sewage pipe through a water inlet I (2), an adsorption packing layer I (3) is arranged in the water inlet pipe (1), a sludge discharge pipe (8) is arranged at the lower end of the water inlet pipe (1), the sludge discharge pipe (8) is positioned below the adsorption packing layer I (3), and a valve I (9) is arranged on the sludge discharge pipe;
the anaerobic chamber (4) is positioned below the filter tank (19), the periphery of the anaerobic chamber is sealed, a sealed cavity is formed inside the anaerobic chamber, an adsorption filler layer II (7) is arranged in the cavity of the anaerobic chamber (4), one side of the anaerobic chamber (4) is connected with the water inlet pipe (1) through a water inlet II (6), and the water inlet II (6) is positioned below the adsorption filler layer I (3);
the purification tank (11) is of a circular structure and surrounds the periphery of the filter tank (19) and the anaerobic chamber (4), a closed cavity is arranged in the purification tank (11), an adsorption packing layer III (12) is arranged in the cavity of the purification tank (11), the bottom of the purification tank (11) is communicated with the upper end of the anaerobic chamber (4) through a water outlet (10), an overflow port (13) is arranged at the upper end of the purification tank (11), and the overflow port (13) is positioned above the planting soil layer (15);
the upper end of overflow pipe (21) links to each other with filtering ponds (19) cistern (22), and its lower extreme links to each other with cistern (22), the upper end of cistern (22) is provided with intake (23), be provided with valve II (24) on intake (23).
2. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: the adsorption filler layer I (3) is filled with zeolite materials.
3. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: and the adsorption packing layer II (7) is prepared by filling a ceramsite material.
4. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: the adsorption filler layer III (12) is filled with an activated carbon material.
5. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: the adsorption filler layer IV (16) is made of a mixed material of zeolite and activated carbon, wherein the mass ratio of the zeolite to the activated carbon is 1:1.5-1: 2.
6. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: the sand-free geotextile fabric is characterized by further comprising a fine sand layer (17) and a coarse sand layer (18) which are arranged between the adsorption packing layer IV (16) and the geotextile (20), wherein the fine sand layer (17) is positioned above the coarse sand layer (18), the outer diameter of gravel of the fine sand layer (17) is 5-10mm, and the outer diameter of gravel of the coarse sand layer (18) is 20-30 mm.
7. The rural domestic sewage purification, water storage and storage system of claim 1, wherein: a plurality of layers of grids (5) are arranged in the water inlet II (6) side by side, and the inner diameters of meshes on the grids (5) are different.
CN201921321188.4U 2019-08-15 2019-08-15 Rural domestic sewage purifies, retaining system for storage Active CN210457866U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110395850A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-01 济南银河路桥试验检测有限公司 System is used in a kind of purification of domestic sewage in rural areas, water storage storage

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110395850A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-01 济南银河路桥试验检测有限公司 System is used in a kind of purification of domestic sewage in rural areas, water storage storage

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