CN213107423U - Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation - Google Patents

Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213107423U
CN213107423U CN202020966059.7U CN202020966059U CN213107423U CN 213107423 U CN213107423 U CN 213107423U CN 202020966059 U CN202020966059 U CN 202020966059U CN 213107423 U CN213107423 U CN 213107423U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
hopper
guide
adobe
forming device
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CN202020966059.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜文楠
孟梦
高勤
孟伟
喻雅雯
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Anhui Zhuyuanjing New Building Material Co ltd
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Anhui Zhuyuanjing New Building Material Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020966059.7U priority Critical patent/CN213107423U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a construction equipment technical field discloses a adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation. Adobe forming device for brickwork preparation includes the casing, and the top of casing is provided with the feeder hopper, is located the casing under the feeder hopper and rotates in the casing and be provided with the electromagnetism roller, and the below of electromagnetism roller is provided with and is hopper-shaped's collection hopper, and the below of gathering the hopper is provided with the slide rail, and the bottom of slide rail slides and is provided with guide hopper and pneumatic cylinder one. The utility model discloses a adobe forming device is used in preparation of laying bricks, the structure of traditional adobe former has been simplified, it is leading-in to every indent on the workstation with the brick material to fight through the guide, and utilize the brick material at a pair of indent top of clamp plate to carry out the compaction, the ejecting indent of the adobe of laying bricks after the roof will compaction shaping, the push pedal will be laid bricks propelling movement fast to delivery outlet department and collect, the shaping efficiency of adobe of laying bricks has been improved, the electromagnetism roller in the casing can adsorb the metal piece in the brick material simultaneously, avoid it to get into the organism, cause the damage to the organism.

Description

Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction equipment technical field especially relates to a adobe forming device is used in preparation of laying bricks.
Background
In recent years, with the progress of urbanization, large-scale infrastructure construction is beginning to be carried out in more and more cities and villages, and in the process, brickwork is a brickwork material which is very popular in use.
The forming equipment among the prior art structure is complicated, lower, the unable metal debris that screens mixed in the brick material of the shaping efficiency of the adobe of laying bricks and damage the organism, can't satisfy people gradually and to the adobe shaping needs of laying bricks.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving the technical problem among the prior art, the utility model provides a adobe forming device is used in preparation of laying bricks.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a adobe forming device for brickwork preparation comprises a shell, wherein a feed hopper is arranged at the top of the shell, an electromagnetic roller is arranged in the shell and rotates under the feed hopper, a funnel-shaped gathering hopper is arranged under the electromagnetic roller, a slide rail is arranged under the gathering hopper, a first guide hopper and a first hydraulic cylinder are arranged at the bottom of the slide rail in a sliding manner, a discharge port at the bottom of the gathering hopper is communicated with a feed inlet at the top of the guide hopper through a material passing hose, a first pressing plate is connected to a piston rod at the bottom of the first hydraulic cylinder, a workbench is fixed on the inner wall of the shell and is positioned under the first pressing plate, a plurality of pressing grooves corresponding to the first pressing plate are sequentially arranged on the table top of the workbench, a top plate is movably arranged at the bottom of each pressing groove, and a blank forming space is formed by connecting the groove wall of the pressing groove and the top of the, and a third hydraulic cylinder is arranged at one end of the top of the workbench, and a piston rod on one side of the third hydraulic cylinder is connected with a push plate in sliding contact with the surface of the workbench.
As a further improvement of the scheme, a second hydraulic cylinder is arranged at the bottom in the shell, a second pressing plate is connected to a piston rod at the top of the second hydraulic cylinder, and the top of the second pressing plate is connected with the bottom of the corresponding top plate through a plurality of connecting rods.
As a further improvement of the scheme, a partition plate is arranged inside the guide hopper, a second valve is arranged on a plate body of the partition plate, a water injection pipe and an air pump are respectively arranged on two sides of the top of the guide hopper, the water outlet end of the water injection pipe and the air outlet of the air pump are communicated with the inside of the guide hopper, a stirring shaft is arranged inside the guide hopper above the partition plate, stirring blades surround the outer side of the stirring shaft, a stirring motor is installed on one side of the guide hopper, and an output shaft of the stirring motor penetrates into the guide hopper and is connected with the stirring shaft.
As a further improvement of the scheme, an output port is formed in one side of the shell, and one end, far away from the push plate, of the workbench is connected with the output port through an inclined guide plate.
As a further improvement of the above scheme, a mesh body is laid on the surface of the first guide plate, a discharge port is formed in the side wall of the shell below the output port, a second guide plate is arranged in parallel under the first guide plate, and one lower end of the second guide plate in the vertical direction is fixed on the output port.
As a further improvement of the scheme, a speed reducing motor is mounted on the side wall of the shell, and an output shaft of the speed reducing motor penetrates into the shell and is connected with a roll shaft of the electromagnetic roller.
As a further improvement of the above scheme, a slag discharge port is formed in the side wall of the housing, an inclined plate is arranged between the electromagnetic roller and the collecting hopper and arranged in the housing, a plurality of sieve pores are uniformly formed in the surface of the inclined plate, and the lower end of the inclined plate in the vertical direction is connected to the slag discharge port.
As a further improvement of the scheme, a first valve is arranged on the material passing hose.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. the utility model discloses a adobe forming device is used in preparation of laying bricks, the structure of traditional adobe former has been simplified, it is leading-in to every indent on the workstation with the brick material to fight through the guide, and utilize the brick material at a pair of indent top of clamp plate to carry out the compaction, the ejecting indent of the adobe of laying bricks after the roof will compaction shaping, the push pedal will be laid bricks propelling movement fast to delivery outlet department and collect, the shaping efficiency of adobe of laying bricks has been improved, the electromagnetism roller in the casing can adsorb the metal piece in the brick material simultaneously, avoid it to get into machinery, cause the damage to machinery.
2. The utility model discloses a adobe forming device is used in bricklaying preparation can sieve out in the brick material direction scum hole of the mixed great granule through the sieve mesh of swash plate to follow-up collection handles.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional structure view of an adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at A in FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the material guiding funnel in fig. 1.
Description of the main symbols:
1. a housing; 2. a feed hopper; 3. an electromagnetic roller; 4. a gathering hopper; 5. a material passing hose; 6. a slide rail; 7. a material guide hopper; 8. a work table; 9. pressing a groove; 10. a first hydraulic cylinder; 11. pressing a first plate; 12. a top plate; 13. pressing a second plate; 14. a connecting rod; 15. a second hydraulic cylinder; 16. a first guide plate; 17. an output port; 18. a second guide plate; 19. a discharge outlet; 20. a hydraulic cylinder III; 21. pushing the plate; 22. a sloping plate; 23. screening holes; 24. a slag discharge port; 25. a first valve; 26. a reduction motor; 27. a partition plate; 28. a stirring shaft; 29. a stirring blade; 30. a stirring motor; 31. a second valve; 32. a water injection pipe; 33. an air pump.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the invention.
Please refer to fig. 1 to 2, the adobe forming device for brickwork production includes a housing 1, a feeding hopper 2 is disposed on the top of the housing 1, an electromagnetic roller 3 is rotatably disposed in the housing 1 under the feeding hopper 2, and the electromagnetic roller 3 can adsorb metal debris in the brickwork material to prevent the metal debris from entering the machine body and damaging the machine body. The lower part of the electromagnetic roller 3 is provided with a funnel-shaped aggregate bin 4, the aggregate bin 4 is installed on the corresponding inner wall in the shell 1 through screws, and the aggregate bin 4 can collect and remove bricks of metal scraps. The lower part of the material collecting hopper 4 is provided with a slide rail 6, and the slide rail 6 is installed on the corresponding inner wall in the shell 1 through screws. The bottom of the slide rail 6 is slidably provided with a material guiding hopper 7 and a hydraulic cylinder 10, and in this embodiment, rail wheels (not shown) are mounted on the material guiding hopper 7 and the hydraulic cylinder 10, and slide on the slide rail 6 left and right through the rail wheels. The discharge hole at the bottom of the material collecting hopper 4 is communicated with the feed hole at the top of the material guide hopper 7 through a material passing hose 5, and the material passing hose 5 can stretch and has certain elasticity. The piston rod at the bottom of the first hydraulic cylinder 10 is connected with a first pressing plate 11, a workbench 8 is fixed on the inner wall of the shell 1 below the first pressing plate 11, the workbench 8 is in a horizontal state, and the workbench 8 is installed on the corresponding inner wall of the shell 1 through screws. A plurality of pressing grooves 9 corresponding to the first pressing plates 11 are sequentially formed in the table top of the workbench 8, a top plate 12 is movably arranged at the bottom of each pressing groove 9, and a soil blank forming space is formed by connecting the groove wall of each pressing groove 9 and the top of each top plate 12. And respectively injecting the brick materials into the corresponding forming spaces through the material guide hopper 7, and compacting through the first pressing plate 11 to manufacture the brickwork with the required specification. And a third hydraulic cylinder 20 is arranged at one end of the top of the workbench 8, and a piston rod on one side of the third hydraulic cylinder 20 is connected with a push plate 21 which is in sliding contact with the table top of the workbench 8. The brickwork blanks ejected out of the pressing groove 9 can be pushed away from the pressing groove 9 by the push plate 21.
The bottom in the shell 1 is provided with a second hydraulic cylinder 15, a piston rod at the top of the second hydraulic cylinder 15 is connected with a second pressing plate 13, and the top of the second pressing plate 13 is connected with the bottoms of the corresponding top plates 12 through a plurality of connecting rods 14. The piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder II is driven by the hydraulic cylinder II 15 to drive the pressing plate II 13 to move, the pressing plate II 13 can drive the top plate 12 to move through the connecting rod 14, the formed bricklaying adobe is ejected out of the pressing groove 9, and meanwhile, the depth of the top plate 12 in the pressing groove 9 is adjusted to manufacture bricklaying adobes with different thicknesses.
A partition plate 27 is arranged in the material guide hopper 7, and the partition plate 27 divides the interior of the material guide hopper 7 into a stirring cavity (not shown) and a material guide cavity (not shown) from top to bottom. A second valve 31 is arranged on the plate body of the partition plate 27, and the second valve 31 is an electromagnetic valve. And a water injection pipe 32 and an air pump 33 are respectively arranged on two sides of the top of the material guide hopper 7, and the water outlet end of the water injection pipe 32 and the air outlet of the air pump 33 are communicated with the inside of the material guide hopper 7. The water injection pipe 32 can add water into the stirring cavity, so that cohesive soil ingredients are formed after adhesion occurs between the brick materials. The air pump 33 can increase the pressure in the stirring cavity, so that the cohesive soil ingredients in the stirring cavity can enter through the second valve 31 and then be discharged through the material guiding cavity. A stirring shaft 28 is arranged inside the material guide hopper 7 above the partition plate 27, stirring blades 29 are arranged around the outer side of the stirring shaft 28, a stirring motor 30 is installed on one side of the material guide hopper 7, and an output shaft of the stirring motor 30 penetrates into the material guide hopper 7 and is connected with the stirring shaft 28. The output shaft of the stirring motor 30 drives the stirring shaft 28 to rotate so as to drive the stirring blades 29 to fully stir the brick material body, so as to complete the batching.
An output port 17 is formed in one side of the shell 1, and one end, far away from the push plate 21, of the workbench 8 is connected with the output port 17 through an inclined guide plate 16. The bricklaying adobe pushed away from the pressing groove 9 can be guided to the output port 17 through the guide plate I16 for subsequent collection and transportation.
The screen body (not marked) is laid on the surface of the first guide plate 16, and redundant ingredients in a dry and solid state can fall to the second guide plate 18 through the screen body, so that the redundant ingredients are prevented from entering the output port 17 to cause pollution. A discharge opening 19 is formed in the side wall of the shell 1 below the output opening 17, a guide plate II 18 is arranged right below the guide plate I16 in parallel, and the lower end of the guide plate II 18 in the vertical direction is fixed on the output opening 17. The second guide plate 18 can guide the excess brick material in a dry state to the discharge opening 19 for subsequent collection and utilization.
A speed reducing motor 26 is arranged on the side wall of the shell 1, and an output shaft of the speed reducing motor 26 penetrates into the shell 1 and is connected with a roll shaft of the electromagnetic roll 3. The electromagnetic roller 3 can be driven to rotate synchronously by the output shaft of the speed reducing motor 26.
The lateral wall of the shell 1 is provided with a slag discharge port 24, an inclined plate 22 is arranged in the shell 1 between the electromagnetic roller 3 and the collecting hopper 4, the surface of the inclined plate 22 is uniformly provided with a plurality of sieve pores 23, and the lower end of the inclined plate 22 in the vertical direction is connected to the slag discharge port 24. The screen holes 23 of the inclined plate 22 can screen out the larger particles mixed in the brick material and guide the larger particles into a slag discharge opening 24 for subsequent collection and treatment. The size of the sieve holes 23 in the present embodiment can be selected or set according to actual conditions.
The first valve 25 is mounted on the feeding hose 5, the first valve 25 can be a manual valve, and the first valve 25 can control the connection or the closure of the feeding hose 5.
The utility model discloses an operating principle specifically does, during the use, the output shaft of control gear motor 26 drives electromagnetism roller 3 and rotates, pours into the brick material into casing 1 through feeder hopper 2 in, when the brick material falls to electromagnetism roller 3 department, and electromagnetism roller 3 can adsorb the metal piece in the brick material, avoids it to get into machinery, causes the damage to machinery. The brick material without metal debris falls onto the sloping plate 22, the sieve holes 23 on the sloping plate 22 can block the brick material bound together or the brick material with larger material body, and transmit the brick material which can not pass through the sieve holes 23 to the slag discharge port 24 for collection, and the brick material which passes through the sieve holes 23 falls into the material collecting hopper 4, at this time, the material guiding hopper 7 on the slide rail 6 is pushed, the discharge port at the bottom of the material guiding hopper 7 moves to the upper part of the pressure tank 9 of the workbench 8, then the first valve 25 is opened, the brick material in the material collecting hopper 4 is transmitted into the material guiding hopper 7 through the material passing hose 5, a certain amount of water is injected into the stirring cavity of the material guiding hopper 7 through the water injection pipe 32, the output shaft 28 of the stirring motor 30 drives the stirring shaft to rotate to drive the stirring blades 29 to fully stir the material body of the brick material to complete the batching, then the second valve 31 is controlled to be opened, the air pump 33, in order to improve the pressure in stirring chamber, force the batching of stirring intracavity to get into the guide intracavity after, pass through the discharge gate transmission of guide hopper 7 to the indent 9 in, promote guide hopper 7 on the slide rail 6 simultaneously for guide hopper 7 continues to carry the batching for other indent 9 respectively, when the batching is carried and is accomplished, moves aside guide hopper 7 from the top of workstation 8. The first hydraulic cylinder 10 is then moved on the slide rail 6 above the table 8. And a piston rod of the control hydraulic cylinder I10 pushes the pressure plate I11 to press the top of the workbench 8 so as to compact the ingredients positioned at the top of each pressure groove 9 one by one, and the ingredients in the pressure grooves 9 are extruded and molded. After the adobe is dried and solidified, the piston rod of the control hydraulic cylinder I10 drives the pressing plate I11 to be far away from the workbench 8, the piston rod of the control hydraulic cylinder III 20 drives the pushing plate 21 to move at the top of the workbench 8 so as to push the redundant ingredients in a dried and solidified state to the net body at the position of the guide plate I16, and the redundant ingredients fall onto the guide plate II 18 through the net body and move to the position of the discharge port 19 under the guiding action of the guide plate II 18 so as to be collected and reused subsequently. And then controlling a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder III 20 to drive the push plate 21 to return to the initial position, controlling a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder II 15 to drive the press plate II 13 to move upwards, driving the top plate 12 to move upwards by the press plate II 13 through the connecting rod 14 so as to eject the formed bricklaying adobe out of the press groove 9, and controlling a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder III 20 to drive the push plate 21 to push the formed bricklaying adobe to the first guide plate 16 and enter the output port 17 under the action of self gravity so as to be convenient for subsequent collection and transportation.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A adobe forming device for brickwork preparation is characterized by comprising a shell, wherein the top of the shell is provided with a feed hopper, an electromagnetic roller is rotationally arranged in the shell under the feed hopper, a funnel-shaped aggregate hopper is arranged under the electromagnetic roller, a slide rail is arranged under the aggregate hopper, the bottom of the slide rail is provided with a guide hopper and a first hydraulic cylinder in a sliding manner, a discharge port at the bottom of the aggregate hopper is communicated with a feed inlet at the top of the guide hopper through a material passing hose, a piston rod at the bottom of the first hydraulic cylinder is connected with a first pressing plate, a workbench is fixed on the inner wall of the shell under the first pressing plate, a plurality of press grooves corresponding to the first pressing plate are sequentially arranged on the table top of the workbench, a top plate is movably arranged at the bottom in each press groove, and a blank forming space is formed by connecting the groove wall of each press groove with the top plate, and a third hydraulic cylinder is arranged at one end of the top of the workbench, and a piston rod on one side of the third hydraulic cylinder is connected with a push plate in sliding contact with the surface of the workbench.
2. The adobe forming device for brickwork preparation according to claim 1, wherein a second hydraulic cylinder is arranged at the bottom in the shell, a second pressing plate is connected to a piston rod at the top of the second hydraulic cylinder, and the top of the second pressing plate is respectively connected with the bottom of the corresponding top plate through a plurality of connecting rods.
3. The adobe forming device for brickwork preparation according to claim 1, wherein a partition plate is arranged inside the guide hopper, a second valve is arranged on a plate body of the partition plate, a water injection pipe and an air pump are respectively arranged on two sides of the top of the guide hopper, a water outlet end of the water injection pipe and an air outlet of the air pump are both communicated with the inside of the guide hopper, a stirring shaft is arranged inside the guide hopper above the partition plate, stirring blades are surrounded on the outer side of the stirring shaft, a stirring motor is installed on one side of the guide hopper, and an output shaft of the stirring motor penetrates into the guide hopper and is connected with the stirring shaft.
4. A block forming apparatus for brickwork according to claim 1, wherein an outlet is provided at one side of the housing, and an end of the table remote from the push plate is engaged with the outlet via an inclined guide plate.
5. The brickwork forming device according to claim 4, wherein a mesh body is laid on the surface of the first guide plate, a discharge port is formed in the side wall of the casing below the output port, a second guide plate is arranged in parallel right below the first guide plate, and one end of the second guide plate, which is lower in the vertical direction, is fixed on the output port.
6. The adobe forming device for brickwork preparation according to claim 1, wherein a speed reduction motor is mounted on a side wall of the housing, and an output shaft of the speed reduction motor penetrates into the housing to be connected with a roller shaft of the electromagnetic roller.
7. The adobe forming device for brickwork preparation according to claim 1, wherein a slag discharge port is formed in a side wall of the housing, an inclined plate is arranged in the housing between the electromagnetic roller and the aggregate bin, a plurality of screen holes are uniformly formed in a plate surface of the inclined plate, and one end of the inclined plate, which is lower in the vertical direction, is connected to the slag discharge port.
8. A block making adobe forming apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said filler hose is fitted with a first valve.
CN202020966059.7U 2020-06-01 2020-06-01 Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation Active CN213107423U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020966059.7U CN213107423U (en) 2020-06-01 2020-06-01 Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020966059.7U CN213107423U (en) 2020-06-01 2020-06-01 Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213107423U true CN213107423U (en) 2021-05-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020966059.7U Active CN213107423U (en) 2020-06-01 2020-06-01 Adobe forming device for bricklaying preparation

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113893758A (en) * 2021-10-20 2022-01-07 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Large-capacity industrialized muck stirring device
CN117325287A (en) * 2023-11-17 2024-01-02 山东诠道科技有限公司 Dry pressing forming equipment and method for preparing light mullite bricks

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113893758A (en) * 2021-10-20 2022-01-07 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Large-capacity industrialized muck stirring device
CN117325287A (en) * 2023-11-17 2024-01-02 山东诠道科技有限公司 Dry pressing forming equipment and method for preparing light mullite bricks

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