CN212826309U - Rubber crusher - Google Patents

Rubber crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212826309U
CN212826309U CN202021715767.XU CN202021715767U CN212826309U CN 212826309 U CN212826309 U CN 212826309U CN 202021715767 U CN202021715767 U CN 202021715767U CN 212826309 U CN212826309 U CN 212826309U
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China
Prior art keywords
extrusion
rubber
chamber
broken
room
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Active
Application number
CN202021715767.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜子军
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Wujiang Tengda Rubber Products Co ltd
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Wujiang Tengda Rubber Products Co ltd
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Priority to CN202021715767.XU priority Critical patent/CN212826309U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model discloses a rubber crusher relates to the rubber processing technology, aims at solving the problem that current rubber crusher smashes inefficiency, and its technical scheme main points are: including broken room, broken indoor rotation is connected with first broken subassembly and the broken subassembly of second that is located its below, and the top intercommunication of broken room has the feeding storehouse, and the top of broken room is equipped with extrusion room, and feed inlet and discharge gate have been seted up respectively to extrusion room's both sides, and the level of feed inlet is higher than the discharge gate, and the feeding storehouse sets up in the below of discharge gate, is equipped with the extrusion subassembly in the extrusion room, and the extrusion subassembly is including sliding holding down plate and the top board of sliding connection directly over the holding down plate in the extrusion room. The utility model discloses can carry out the compaction to the block rubber before the breakage, improve kibbling efficiency for the recycle ratio of block rubber is higher, can make simultaneously between the block rubber by kibbling more thoroughly, more in small, broken bits, makes the finished product rubber quality who makes with it higher.

Description

Rubber crusher
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a rubber processing technology, more specifically say, it relates to a rubber crusher.
Background
The rubber is a high-elasticity polymer material with reversible deformation, is rich in elasticity at room temperature, belongs to a completely amorphous polymer, is applied along with the accumulation of a large amount of waste rubber products, causes environmental pollution and resource waste due to improper treatment, is generally recycled and processed, needs to be crushed before processing, and is a necessary device for recycling and granulating by using waste plastics and rubber products.
When the existing rubber crusher is used, blocky rubber is directly thrown into a crushing chamber of the rubber crusher from a feeding port to be crushed, the rubber blocks are loose, a large amount of time is needed after crushing, and therefore the crushing efficiency is very low.
Therefore, a new solution is needed to solve this problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims to provide a rubber crusher can carry out the compaction to the block rubber before the breakage, can improve crushing efficiency, can be by kibbling more thoroughly, more in small, broken bits between the block rubber after the compaction simultaneously.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: including broken room, broken indoor rotation is connected with first broken subassembly and the broken subassembly of second that is located its below, the top intercommunication of broken room has the feeding storehouse, the top of broken room is equipped with the extrusion room, feed inlet and discharge gate have been seted up respectively to the both sides of extrusion room, just the level of feed inlet is higher than the discharge gate, the feeding storehouse sets up the below at the discharge gate, be equipped with the extrusion subassembly in the extrusion room, the extrusion subassembly is including sliding holding down plate and the top board of sliding connection directly over the holding down plate in the extrusion room, when the holding down plate is in natural state, the level of its top surface all is less than the level of feed inlet, the level of holding down plate bottom surface all is higher than the level of discharge gate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in the extrusion subassembly, the pressfitting to zero garrulous cubic rubber is realized to the clamp plate through the top board extrusion down, the rubber piece can be by kibbling more thoroughly after the compaction, more in small, can improve crushing efficiency simultaneously, feed inlet and discharge gate slope set up, make the both ends place the also slope setting of clamp plate in its department, make the rubber after the compaction can be automatic from the discharge gate roll-off, thereby get into through the feeding storehouse and smash the room, need not the manual work and operate, the improvement availability factor, it is connected with the two-layer broken subassembly of first broken subassembly and the broken subassembly of second to smash the indoor internal rotation simultaneously, can let rubber by kibbling more complete.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the upper pressure plate is in threaded connection with a screw rod in the vertical direction, the top of the extrusion chamber is fixedly connected with an extrusion motor, and an output shaft of the extrusion motor penetrates through the extrusion chamber and is fixedly connected with the screw rod.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rotate through motor drive screw rod, screw rod rotation drive and its threaded connection's top board up-and-down motion, realization that can be convenient is to the pushing down of fragmentary rubber and unclamp.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the bottom of the lower pressing plate is fixedly connected in the extrusion chamber through the restoring piece, and when the lower pressing plate is pressed, the restoring piece collapses along the pressure direction.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when not receiving pressure, the both ends of holding down plate are located the bottom of feed inlet and the top of discharge gate respectively, make the block rubber can directly not follow the holding down plate roll-off when putting into, reply the piece can drive the holding down plate slowly until spacing when receiving pressure simultaneously, guarantee the block rubber by the complete of pressfitting, when the pressure of holding down plate disappears after the pressfitting is accomplished, reply the piece can slow reply, the sufficient time of rubber after giving the pressfitting and space drop from the discharge gate.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the restoring piece comprises a damper fixedly connected to the inner bottom surface of the extrusion chamber, the output end of the damper is fixedly connected with the bottom of the lower pressing plate, and an elastic piece is arranged between the lower pressing plate and the damper.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can realize compressing through the elastic component when receiving pressure and descend, not receive the effect that recovers when pressure, the attenuator can guarantee the elastic component effect that the motion is slow when recovering simultaneously.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the elastic part is a spring, the spring is sleeved on the outer peripheral wall of the output end of the damper, and two ends of the spring are fixedly connected with the lower pressing plate and the damper respectively.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the effect that the spring can realize replying, the cover is established simultaneously and can be played better guide effect to the motion of spring on the periphery wall of the output of attenuator.
The utility model discloses further set up to: first broken subassembly includes two parallel arrangement's first roller, two along length direction fixedly connected with a plurality of annular blades of mutually supporting on the periphery wall of first roller.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, along length direction fixed connection's the annular blade of mutually supporting can make rubber be broken into the bar of thin garrulous by first broken subassembly.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the second crushing component comprises two second rollers arranged in parallel, and the two second rollers are fixedly connected with a plurality of strip-shaped blades matched with each other along the circumferential direction on the peripheral wall of each second roller.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, along circumference fixedly connected with rectangular shape blade of mutually supporting can make the bar-shaped rubber in small, broken into more tiny particle for rubber is by the more thorough of smashing.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the bottom of the crushing chamber is provided with an opening, and the bottom of the opening is detachably connected with a storage tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the rubber grain after the breakage is accomplished is discharged from the opening of crushing room bottom, falls into the stock chest in, is convenient for collect it.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has: in the extrusion subassembly, the pressfitting to zero garrulous cubic rubber is realized to the clamp plate through the top board extrusion down, the rubber block can be by kibbling more thoroughly after the compaction, more in small, can improve crushing efficiency simultaneously, feed inlet and discharge gate slope set up, make the both ends place the clamp plate that pushes down in its department also slope and set up, make the rubber after the compaction can be automatic from the discharge gate roll-off, thereby get into through the feeding storehouse and smash the room in, need not the manual work and operate, the service efficiency is improved, it is connected with the two-layer broken subassembly of first broken subassembly and the broken subassembly of second to smash the indoor internal rotation simultaneously, can let rubber by kibbling more complete.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion B in fig. 2.
In the figure: 1. a pressing chamber; 2. a crushing chamber; 3. a feeding bin; 4. an extrusion motor; 5. a storage tank; 6. a screw; 7. an upper pressure plate; 8. a lower pressing plate; 9. a spring; 10. a damper; 11. a first roller; 12. and a second roller.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Example (b):
a rubber crusher, as shown in figure 1, including extrusion room 1 and crushing room 2, the top intercommunication of crushing room 2 has wide feeding storehouse 3 narrow down, extrusion room 1 is located one side of crushing room 2 and is higher than crushing room 2, feeding storehouse 3 is near the below at the discharge gate of extrusion room 1, the opening that is used for the ejection of compact is seted up to the bottom of crushing room 2, and place stock chest 5 on the ground under the opening, set up intercommunication complex screw hole on the adjacent lateral wall of extrusion room 1 and crushing room 2, screw in the screw hole of seting up on the lateral wall of extrusion room 1 through the bolt edge, and mutually support with the bolt in crushing room 2 with the nut, make extrusion room 1 and crushing room 2 reciprocal anchorage.
As shown in fig. 2, a first crushing assembly and a second crushing assembly located right below the first crushing assembly are rotationally connected in the crushing chamber 2, as shown in fig. 4, the first crushing assembly is composed of two first rollers 11 arranged in parallel, a roller core of each first roller 11 extends out of a side wall of the crushing chamber 2 and can rotate therein, each first roller 11 is driven by a different servo motor to obtain different speeds, so that rubber is crushed more completely due to shearing force applied to the rubber therein, meanwhile, a row of annular blades matched with each other are uniformly welded on the outer peripheral walls of the two first rollers 11 along the length direction, the cross section of each annular blade is saw-toothed, and the rubber can be crushed into fine broken bars.
The second crushing component comprises two parallel second rollers 12, the roller core of each second roller 12 extends out of the side wall of the crushing chamber 2 and can rotate therein, and each second roller 12 is driven by different servo motors and obtains different speeds, so that rubber is more complete when being subjected to shearing force and crushed, meanwhile, a row of strip-shaped blades matched with each other are uniformly welded on the peripheral wall of the two second rollers 12 along the circumferential direction, and the strip-shaped blades can enable fine strip-shaped rubber to be broken at the waist and crushed into finer particles.
As shown in fig. 2, a feed port and a discharge port are respectively arranged at two sides of an extrusion chamber 1, and the horizontal height of the feed port is higher than that of the discharge port, as shown in fig. 3, an extrusion assembly is further arranged in the extrusion chamber 1, the extrusion assembly comprises a lower press plate 8 sliding in the extrusion chamber 1 and an upper press plate 7 sliding connected right above the lower press plate 8, a screw rod 6 is connected to the upper press plate 7 along the vertical direction by screw threads, the top of the screw rod 6 is welded with an output shaft of an extrusion motor 4, the extrusion motor 4 is a servo motor and is welded at the top of the extrusion chamber 1, the output shaft of the extrusion motor 4 passes through the top wall of the extrusion chamber 1 so as to drive the screw rod 6 to rotate, the screw rod 6 rotates so as to drive the upper press plate 7 to move up and down, one end of the lower press plate 8 is lower than the bottom of the feed port and the other, the bottoms of the four dampers 10 are welded on the inner bottom surface of the compression chamber 1, a spring 9 is sleeved on the outer peripheral wall of the output end of each damper 10, and two ends of each spring 9 are respectively welded with the lower pressing plate 8 and the damper 10.
During the use, at first throw into the rubber block from the feed inlet and extrude in the extrusion chamber 1, during the extrusion, extrusion motor 4 drive screw rod 6 rotates, thereby screw rod 6 rotates the upper pressure plate 7 downstream of drive threaded connection with it, apply decurrent pressure for material and lower pressure plate 8, receive pressure along with lower pressure plate 8 gradually, spring 9 and attenuator 10 can be compressed downwards gradually, the discharge gate that is sheltered from by lower pressure plate 8 simultaneously is opened gradually, the discharge gate can be opened completely when pushing down to the maximum position.
After the pressfitting is accomplished, the motor drive screw 6 antiport pushes down, and screw 6 drive holding down plate 8 carries out the rising motion, and the pressure that receives disappears on holding down plate 8, and this moment under the effect of attenuator 10, spring 9 can not immediately kick-back to initial condition, but can slow reply, and the material that is pressfitting this moment can be followed the holding down plate 8 of slope and slided into feeding storehouse 3 from the discharge gate, gets into through feeding storehouse 3 and smashes the room and smashes.
When smashing, the material is at first broken through first broken subassembly, and first broken subassembly extrudees, cuts the material through two parallel first rollers 11, and welded annular blade can be broken into tiny garrulous strip to rubber on two first roller 11's the periphery wall simultaneously, and the rubber of garrulous strip gets into the broken subassembly of second and carries out further breakage afterwards.
The second crushing component further extrudes and shears materials through the second rollers 12 which are arranged in parallel, and meanwhile, the outer peripheral walls of the two second rollers 12 are welded with strip-shaped blades which are matched with each other, so that the rubber in a strip shape can be further stopped and broken, and the second crushing component is crushed into finer particles.
Finally, the broken rubber particles fall into the material storage tank 5 from the opening at the bottom of the breaking chamber 2, so that the rubber particles are convenient to collect and recycle.
It is above only the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment, the utility model discloses a scope of protection does not only confine above-mentioned embodiment, the all belongs to the utility model discloses a technical scheme under the thinking all belongs to the utility model discloses a scope of protection. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A rubber crusher comprising a crushing chamber (2), characterized in that: a first crushing assembly and a second crushing assembly positioned below the first crushing assembly are rotationally connected in the crushing chamber (2), the top of the crushing chamber (2) is communicated with a feeding bin (3), a squeezing chamber (1) is arranged above the crushing chamber (2), a feeding hole and a discharging hole are respectively arranged at two sides of the squeezing chamber (1), the horizontal height of the feeding hole is higher than that of the discharging hole, the feeding bin (3) is arranged below the discharging hole, an extrusion assembly is arranged in the extrusion chamber (1), the extrusion assembly comprises a lower pressure plate (8) sliding in the extrusion chamber (1) and an upper pressure plate (7) connected above the lower pressure plate (8) in a sliding way, when the lower pressure plate (8) is in a natural state, the horizontal height of the top surface of the lower pressing plate (8) is lower than that of the feed inlet, and the horizontal height of the bottom surface of the lower pressing plate is higher than that of the discharge outlet.
2. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper pressure plate (7) is connected with a screw rod (6) in a threaded manner along the vertical direction, the top of the extrusion chamber (1) is fixedly connected with an extrusion motor (4), and an output shaft of the extrusion motor (4) penetrates through the extrusion chamber (1) and is fixedly connected with the screw rod (6).
3. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the lower pressing plate (8) is fixedly connected into the extrusion chamber (1) through a recovery piece, and when the lower pressing plate (8) is pressed, the recovery piece collapses along the pressure direction.
4. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the restoring piece comprises a damper (10) fixedly connected to the inner bottom surface of the squeezing chamber (1), the output end of the damper (10) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the lower pressing plate (8), and an elastic piece is arranged between the lower pressing plate (8) and the damper (10).
5. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: the elastic piece is spring (9), spring (9) cover is established on the periphery wall of the output of attenuator (10), just the both ends of spring (9) respectively with holding down plate (8) and attenuator (10) fixed connection.
6. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 1, wherein: first broken subassembly includes two parallel arrangement's first roller (11), two along length direction fixedly connected with a plurality of annular blades of mutually supporting on the periphery wall of first roller (11).
7. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the second crushing component comprises two second rollers (12) which are arranged in parallel, and a plurality of strip-shaped blades which are matched with each other are fixedly connected to the peripheral wall of the second rollers (12) along the circumferential direction.
8. A rubber crusher as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the crushing chamber (2) is provided with an opening, and the bottom of the opening is detachably connected with a storage tank (5).
CN202021715767.XU 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Rubber crusher Active CN212826309U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021715767.XU CN212826309U (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Rubber crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021715767.XU CN212826309U (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Rubber crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212826309U true CN212826309U (en) 2021-03-30

Family

ID=75136949

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021715767.XU Active CN212826309U (en) 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 Rubber crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212826309U (en)

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