CN212812801U - Straw crushing and returning machine - Google Patents

Straw crushing and returning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212812801U
CN212812801U CN202021775763.0U CN202021775763U CN212812801U CN 212812801 U CN212812801 U CN 212812801U CN 202021775763 U CN202021775763 U CN 202021775763U CN 212812801 U CN212812801 U CN 212812801U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transmission shaft
crushing
workbench
motor
box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202021775763.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程立存
高勤积
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shijiazhuang Wotian Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shijiazhuang Wotian Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shijiazhuang Wotian Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd filed Critical Shijiazhuang Wotian Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN202021775763.0U priority Critical patent/CN212812801U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212812801U publication Critical patent/CN212812801U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of crop harvesting, in particular to a straw crushing and returning machine, which can crush straws more uniformly, discharge crushed straws more quickly, prevent the crushed straws from being accumulated, reduce the investment of manpower and material resources, improve the crushing efficiency and improve the practicability; the automatic grinding machine comprises a workbench, four groups of connecting rods, a first grinding box, a first motor, a speed reducer, a first transmission shaft, a second transmission shaft, a collecting box, an air blower and a gas pipeline, wherein four groups of supporting columns are arranged at the bottom end of the workbench, a hub frame is arranged at the bottom end of each group of supporting columns, rollers are arranged at the bottom end of each group of hub frame, the supporting columns are fixed through the connecting rods, a car coupler is arranged at the left end of the workbench, the first grinding box is arranged at the top end of the workbench through the four groups of supporting columns, a cavity is arranged inside the first grinding box, and the first motor and the speed reducer are both arranged at the top end of the.

Description

Straw crushing and returning machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a technical field that crops reaped especially relates to a still field machine is smashed to straw.
Background
As is known, still field machine is smashed to straw is a kind of auxiliary device who is used for still field is smashed to straw, and it has obtained extensive use in the field that crops reaped, and the straw is smashed still field and is higher to the fineness of straw, the degree of consistency requirement, and present straw rubbing crusher's crushing can not reach fine crushing effect, and kibbling degree of consistency is relatively poor, and this has increased manpower and material resources and has dropped into undoubtedly, produces easily after smashing and piles up, and difficult timely discharge influences kibbling effect.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a make the more even of straw crushing, make the more quick discharge of straw after smashing, prevent that the straw after smashing from piling up, reduced the input of manpower and material resources, improved kibbling efficiency, improved still field machine is smashed to straw of practicality.
The utility model discloses a straw crushing and returning machine, which comprises a workbench, four groups of connecting rods, a first crushing box, a first motor, a speed reducer, a first transmission shaft, a second transmission shaft, a collecting box, an air blower and a gas pipeline, wherein the bottom end of the workbench is provided with four groups of pillars, the bottom end of each group of pillars is provided with a hub frame, the bottom end of each group of hub frame is provided with a roller, each group of pillars is fixed by the connecting rod, the left end of the workbench is provided with a car coupler, the first crushing box is arranged at the top end of the workbench by the four groups of pillars, the inside of the first crushing box is provided with a cavity, the first motor and the speed reducer are both arranged at the top end of the first crushing box, the output end of the first motor is connected with the input end of the speed reducer, the output end of the speed reducer is provided with a conveying shaft, the left end of the conveying shaft is provided, the left end of first transmission shaft is provided with the second gear, second gear and first gear engagement, but the both ends of second transmission shaft are rotatable installs on the cavity upper portion of first crushing case, the left end of second transmission shaft is provided with the third gear, second gear and third gear engagement, the top at the workstation is installed to the collecting box, the inside of collecting box is provided with the inner chamber, the top of collecting box and the bottom intercommunication of first crushing case, the air-blower passes through the mount and installs the top at the workstation, the air-blower passes through the inner chamber intercommunication of gas pipeline with the collecting box, the right-hand member of collecting box is provided with the bin outlet, the top intercommunication of first crushing case is provided with the feed inlet, all be provided with the multiunit rotary blade on first transmission shaft and the second transmission shaft.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, still include the second rubbing crusher, second motor and third transmission shaft, the inside of second rubbing crusher is provided with the inner chamber, the bottom of second rubbing crusher and the feed inlet intercommunication on first crushing roof portion, the top at the second rubbing crusher is installed to the second motor, the output of second motor is connected with the input of third transmission shaft, the third transmission shaft vertically install the inner chamber of second rubbing crusher inside and with second rubbing crusher inner chamber bottom swivelling joint, the top of second rubbing crusher is provided with the feed inlet, be provided with the rotating cutter piece on the third transmission shaft.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw still includes water tank, water pump, connecting pipe and water pipe, and the water tank is installed on the top of workstation, and the left end of water tank is provided with the water inlet, and the water pump is installed on the top of water tank, and the water pump passes through the connecting pipe intercommunication with the water pipe, and the output of water pipe is provided with the shower nozzle.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, the cavity bottom of first crushing case is provided with the baffle.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, the upper portion of collecting box inner room is provided with the check valve.
The utility model discloses a straw crushing and returning machine, a gear lever is arranged on a car coupler.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, the right-hand member of every group of wheel hub frame all is provided with the brake block.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, the bottom of water pump, first motor and speed reducer all is provided with the blotter.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: put into the straw through the feed inlet to inside the cavity of first crushing case, start first motor, left end output power through first motor, through the speed reducer, carry the axle, first gear, the second gear, first transmission shaft, third gear and second transmission shaft drive the rotary blade and carry out even shredding to the straw when rotating, the straw after smashing discharges to inside the inner chamber of collecting box, start the air-blower, right-hand member output power through the air-blower, pass through gas pipeline with the air after the compression and discharge to inside the inner chamber of collecting box, the straw after will smashing blows off through the bin outlet, make the kibbling more even of straw, make the more quick discharge of kibbling straw, prevent that the kibbling straw from piling up, the input of manpower and material resources has been reduced, kibbling efficiency has been improved, the practicality has been improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of a partial top view of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a partial left side view of the present invention;
in the drawings, the reference numbers: 1. a work table; 2. a pillar; 3. a hub carrier; 4. a roller; 5. a connecting rod; 6. a car coupler; 7. a first crushing tank; 8. a first motor; 9. a speed reducer; 10. a delivery shaft; 11. a first gear; 12. a second gear; 13. a first drive shaft; 14. a second drive shaft; 15. a third gear; 16. a collection box; 17. a blower; 18. a gas conduit; 19. a discharge outlet; 20. a second pulverizer; 21. a second motor; 22. a third drive shaft; 23. a feed inlet; 24. a water tank; 25. a water inlet; 26. a water pump; 27. a connecting pipe; 28. a water pipe; 29. a partition plate; 30. a check valve; 31. a gear lever; 32. a brake pad.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention, but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in figures 1 to 4, the straw crushing and returning machine of the utility model comprises a workbench 1, four groups of connecting rods 5, a first crushing box 7, a first motor 8, a speed reducer 9, a first transmission shaft 13, a second transmission shaft 14, a collection box 16, a blower 17 and a gas pipeline 18, wherein the bottom end of the workbench 1 is provided with four groups of struts 2, the bottom end of each group of struts 2 is provided with a hub bracket 3, the bottom end of each group of hub brackets 3 is provided with a roller 4, each group of struts 2 are fixed by the connecting rods 5, the left end of the workbench 1 is provided with a coupler 6, the first crushing box 7 is arranged at the top end of the workbench 1 through the four groups of struts, the first crushing box 7 is internally provided with a cavity, the first motor 8 and the speed reducer 9 are arranged at the top end of the first crushing box 7, the output end of the first motor 8 is connected with the input end of the speed reducer 9, the output end of the speed reducer, the left end of the conveying shaft 10 is provided with a first gear 11, two ends of a first transmission shaft 13 are rotatably arranged on the upper part of a cavity of the first crushing box 7, the left end of the first transmission shaft 13 is provided with a second gear 12, the second gear 12 is meshed with the first gear 11, two ends of a second transmission shaft 14 are rotatably arranged on the upper part of the cavity of the first crushing box 7, the left end of the second transmission shaft 14 is provided with a third gear 15, the second gear 12 is meshed with the third gear 15, a collecting box 16 is arranged at the top end of the workbench 1, an inner chamber is arranged inside the collecting box 16, the top end of the collecting box 16 is communicated with the bottom end of the first crushing box 7, an air blower 17 is arranged at the top end of the workbench 1 through a fixed frame, the air blower 17 is communicated with the inner chamber of the collecting box 16 through an air pipeline 18, the right end of the collecting box 16, a plurality of groups of rotary blades are arranged on the first transmission shaft 13 and the second transmission shaft 14; putting straws into a cavity of a first crushing box 7 through a feeding hole, starting a first motor 8, outputting power through the left end of the first motor 8, uniformly crushing the straws while driving a rotary blade to rotate through a speed reducer 9, a conveying shaft 10, a first gear 11, a second gear 12, a first transmission shaft 13, a third gear 15 and a second transmission shaft 14, discharging the crushed straws into an inner chamber of a collecting box 16, starting a blower 17, outputting power through the right end of the blower 17, discharging compressed air into the inner chamber of the collecting box 16 through a gas pipeline 18, blowing out the crushed straws through a discharge hole 19, so that the crushed straws are more uniformly crushed, the crushed straws are more rapidly discharged, the crushed straws are prevented from being accumulated, the input of manpower and material resources is reduced, and the crushing efficiency is improved, the practicability is improved.
The utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw, still include second rubbing crusher 20, second motor 21 and third transmission shaft 22, the inside of second rubbing crusher 20 is provided with the inner chamber, the bottom of second rubbing crusher 20 communicates with the feed inlet on first crushing case 7 tops, second motor 21 is installed on the top of second rubbing crusher 20, the output of second motor 21 is connected with the input of third transmission shaft 22, third transmission shaft 22 vertically installs in the inner chamber of second rubbing crusher 20 and with rotatable coupling in second rubbing crusher 20 inner chamber bottom, the top of second rubbing crusher 20 is provided with feed inlet 23, be provided with the rotary blade on third transmission shaft 22; discharge the straw to the inner chamber of second rubbing crusher 20 inside through feed inlet 23, start second motor 21, through the bottom output power of second motor 21, drive the rotating blade through third transmission shaft 22 and carry out the pivoted when leading to and tentatively smash the straw, improved kibbling effect, improved the practicality.
The utility model discloses a straw crushing still field machine, still include water tank 24, water pump 26, connecting pipe 27 and water pipe 28, water tank 24 is installed on the top of workstation 1, and the left end of water tank 24 is provided with water inlet 25, and water pump 26 is installed on the top of water tank 24, and water pump 26 and water pipe 28 are through connecting pipe 27 intercommunication, and the output of water pipe 28 is provided with the shower nozzle; the water pump 26 is started, power is output through the water pump 26, water in the water tank 24 passes through the connecting pipe 27 and the water pipe 28 and is sprayed out through the spray head, the inner chambers of the first crushing box 7 cavity, the collecting box 16 inner chamber and the second crusher 20 are cleaned, cleaning efficiency is improved, the service lives of the first crushing box 7, the collecting box 16 and the second crusher 20 are prolonged, and practicability is improved.
The utility model relates to a straw crushing and returning machine, the bottom of the cavity of the first crushing box 7 is provided with a baffle 29; through above-mentioned device, the straw quick discharge after conveniently smashing has improved the practicality.
The utility model relates to a straw crushing and returning machine, the upper part of the inner chamber of the collecting box 16 is provided with a check valve 30; through above-mentioned device, prevent the straw backward flow after smashing, improved the practicality.
The utility model relates to a straw crushing and returning machine, a baffle rod 31 is arranged on a car coupler 6; through the device, unhooking of the equipment when the equipment is moved is prevented, and practicability is improved.
The right end of each group of wheel hub frames 3 of the straw crushing and returning machine of the utility model is provided with a brake block 32; through the device, the equipment can be conveniently and rapidly stopped and moved, and the practicability is improved.
In the straw crushing and returning machine of the utility model, the bottom ends of the water pump 26, the first motor 8 and the speed reducer 9 are all provided with buffer pads; through the device, the stability of the water pump 26, the first motor 8 and the speed reducer 9 in work is improved.
The utility model discloses a straw crushing and returning machine, when it works, discharge the straw to the inside of the inner chamber of the second crusher 20 through the feed inlet 23, start the second motor 21, through the bottom output power of the second motor 21, drive the rotary blade through the third transmission shaft 22 and carry out the preliminary crushing to the straw when leading to rotatably, the straw after smashing discharges to the cavity top of the first crushing box 7, start the first motor 8, through the left end output power of the first motor 8, through the speed reducer 9, the conveying shaft 10, the first gear 11, the second gear 12, the first transmission shaft 13, the third gear 15 and the second transmission shaft 14 drive the rotary blade to rotate and simultaneously carry out the even crushing treatment to the straw, the straw after smashing discharges to the inside of the inner chamber of the collecting box 16, start the air-blower 17, through the output power of the air-blower 17, discharge the compressed air to the inside of the inner chamber of the collecting box 16 through the gas pipeline 18, the crushed straws are blown out through the discharge opening 19, the water pump 26 is started, power is output through the water pump 26, water in the water tank 24 passes through the connecting pipe 27 and the water pipe 28 and then is sprayed out through the spray head, and the chamber of the first crushing box 7, the inner chamber of the collecting box 16 and the inner chamber of the second crusher 20 are cleaned.
The straw crushing and returning machine of the utility model has the advantages that the installation mode, the connection mode or the arrangement mode are common mechanical modes, and the operation can be carried out as long as the beneficial effects can be achieved; the utility model discloses a still field machine is smashed to straw's first motor, second motor, water pump, air-blower and speed reducer are purchase on the market, and this industry technical staff only need install and operate according to its subsidiary operating specification can.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and variations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A straw crushing and returning machine is characterized by comprising a workbench (1), four groups of connecting rods (5), a first crushing box (7), a first motor (8), a speed reducer (9), a first transmission shaft (13), a second transmission shaft (14), a collection box (16), a blower (17) and a gas pipeline (18), wherein four groups of support columns (2) are arranged at the bottom end of the workbench (1), a hub frame (3) is arranged at the bottom end of each group of support columns (2), rollers (4) are arranged at the bottom end of each group of hub frame (3), the support columns (2) are fixed through the connecting rods (5), a coupler (6) is arranged at the left end of the workbench (1), the first crushing box (7) is installed at the top end of the workbench (1) through the four groups of support columns, a cavity is arranged inside the first crushing box (7), the first motor (8) and the speed reducer (9) are installed at the top end of the first crushing box (7), the output end of a first motor (8) is connected with the input end of a speed reducer (9), the output end of the speed reducer (9) is provided with a conveying shaft (10), the left end of the conveying shaft (10) is provided with a first gear (11), two ends of a first transmission shaft (13) are rotatably arranged on the upper part of a cavity of a first crushing box (7), the left end of the first transmission shaft (13) is provided with a second gear (12), the second gear (12) is meshed with the first gear (11), two ends of a second transmission shaft (14) are rotatably arranged on the upper part of the cavity of the first crushing box (7), the left end of the second transmission shaft (14) is provided with a third gear (15), the second gear (12) is meshed with the third gear (15), a collecting box (16) is arranged at the top end of a workbench (1), an inner chamber is arranged inside the collecting box (16), the top end of the collecting box (16) is communicated with the bottom end of the first crushing box (, the air blower (17) is installed at the top end of the workbench (1) through a fixing frame, the air blower (17) is communicated with an inner chamber of the collecting box (16) through a gas pipeline (18), a discharge hole (19) is formed in the right end of the collecting box (16), a feed inlet is formed in the top end of the first crushing box (7) in a communicated mode, and a plurality of groups of rotary blades are arranged on the first transmission shaft (13) and the second transmission shaft (14).
2. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a second crusher (20), a second motor (21) and a third transmission shaft (22), wherein an inner cavity is formed inside the second crusher (20), the bottom end of the second crusher (20) is communicated with the feeding hole at the top end of the first crushing box (7), the second motor (21) is installed at the top end of the second crusher (20), the output end of the second motor (21) is connected with the input end of the third transmission shaft (22), the third transmission shaft (22) is longitudinally installed inside the inner cavity of the second crusher (20) and is rotatably connected with the bottom end of the inner cavity of the second crusher (20), the feeding hole (23) is formed at the top end of the second crusher (20), and a rotary blade is arranged on the third transmission shaft (22).
3. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 2, further comprising a water tank (24), a water pump (26), a connecting pipe (27) and a water pipe (28), wherein the water tank (24) is installed at the top end of the workbench (1), the left end of the water tank (24) is provided with a water inlet (25), the water pump (26) is installed at the top end of the water tank (24), the water pump (26) is communicated with the water pipe (28) through the connecting pipe (27), and the output end of the water pipe (28) is provided with a spray head.
4. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that the bottom of the chamber of the first crushing box (7) is provided with a partition (29).
5. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein the upper part of the inner chamber of the collection box (16) is provided with a check valve (30).
6. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 5, wherein a stop lever (31) is arranged on the coupler (6).
7. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein the right end of each set of hub frame (3) is provided with a brake pad (32).
8. The straw crushing and returning machine as claimed in claim 7, wherein the water pump (26), the first motor (8) and the speed reducer (9) are provided with cushions at their bottom ends.
CN202021775763.0U 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Straw crushing and returning machine Expired - Fee Related CN212812801U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021775763.0U CN212812801U (en) 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Straw crushing and returning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021775763.0U CN212812801U (en) 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Straw crushing and returning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212812801U true CN212812801U (en) 2021-03-30

Family

ID=75138185

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021775763.0U Expired - Fee Related CN212812801U (en) 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 Straw crushing and returning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212812801U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20210330

Termination date: 20210824