CN212802189U - Assembly type disassembly-free template - Google Patents

Assembly type disassembly-free template Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212802189U
CN212802189U CN202021243167.8U CN202021243167U CN212802189U CN 212802189 U CN212802189 U CN 212802189U CN 202021243167 U CN202021243167 U CN 202021243167U CN 212802189 U CN212802189 U CN 212802189U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel member
formwork
disassembly
prefabricated integral
template
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CN202021243167.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张东
张新鹏
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Tianjin Jingsheng New Building Materials Co Ltd
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Tianjin Jingsheng New Building Materials Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an assembly type disassembly-free template, its characterized in that: the prefabricated integral formwork comprises a transverse steel member and a longitudinal steel member, and the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member are welded into a frame; the lower surface of the welded prefabricated integral die carrier is a datum plane; laying a non-dismantling template on the reference surface side of the prefabricated integral formwork; the non-dismantling formwork is fixedly connected with the prefabricated integral formwork through a fastener. The utility model has the advantages of simple structure, be convenient for process, improve the efficiency of construction, the rigidity is good, easily processing.

Description

Assembly type disassembly-free template
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of building engineering, especially, relate to an assembly type exempts from to tear open template.
Background
At present, floor panels of buildings mainly have two forms, one is a precast slab, and the other is a cast-in-place concrete floor. The prefabricated slab floor slab is installed in the modes of ground prefabrication forming and field hoisting, and has the advantages of high construction speed and low cost. However, the existing precast slab floor slab is lack of effective connection with the wall body, and is easy to loosen and fall off when encountering natural disasters such as earthquakes and the like, thereby causing property loss and even casualties. In addition, after the assembly of the existing precast slab floor slabs is finished, certain gaps exist among the floor slabs, and ceiling cracks are generated due to improper treatment, so that the appearance is not only influenced, but also water leakage and other phenomena can be generated.
The cast-in-place concrete floor slab overcomes some defects of the precast slab floor slab, and can greatly improve the shock resistance of the building. However, the construction of the cast-in-place concrete floor requires a series of operations such as erecting a support frame on site, laying a formwork on the support frame, laying reinforcing steel bars in the formwork, and then pouring concrete. In the traditional floor construction engineering, the wood template is adopted for floor construction, and the defects of resource waste, large form removal loss, large quantity of floor support tools, high construction cost and the like exist. In order to overcome the defect of floor construction by using a wood template, the cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab is provided, but the existing cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab has the disadvantages of heavy weight, low factory processing speed, complex transportation and hoisting construction and high bearing requirement of a floor supporting tool.
In addition, the steel bar truss floor bearing plate of the cast-in-place concrete composite slab is formed by adopting a steel bar truss and a galvanized bottom template as main parts and connecting the steel bar truss and the galvanized bottom template together through resistance spot welding or a connector to form a welding type or assembly type steel bar truss floor bearing plate. In the construction process of the steel bar truss and the galvanized bottom template in the prefabricated residential building, the problems of the welded steel bar truss floor bearing plate exist: a) the galvanized bottom template is difficult to remove from the bottom of the floor slab; b) the roof decoration is affected due to the corrosion of the bottom feet of the steel bar truss; c) the footing of the steel bar truss generates sagging deformation when the galvanized template is removed, and the whitewash at the bottom of the floor slab is influenced; d) the labor intensity is high, and the labor cost is high; during the construction process of the steel bar truss and the galvanized bottom template in the assembled residential building, the assembled steel bar truss floor bearing plate has the following problems: a) the material cost is greatly improved by adopting a thicker galvanized steel template; b) the connecting piece for connecting the steel bar truss and the bottom template has low use efficiency; c) the reuse times of the galvanized template and the connecting piece are lower; d) the problems of more labor, high labor cost and high labor intensity exist.
Therefore the utility model provides a simple structure, be convenient for processing, improve the efficiency of construction exempt from to strut or adopt simple support assembled form exempt from to tear open template.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Problem to prior art existence, the utility model provides a simple structure, be convenient for processing, improve the efficiency of construction exempt from to strut or adopt simply to support the assembled form and exempt from to tear open the template.
The utility model discloses a realize like this, a dismantlement template is exempted from to assembled, its characterized in that: the prefabricated integral formwork comprises a transverse steel member and a longitudinal steel member, and the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member are welded into a frame; the lower surface of the welded prefabricated integral die carrier is a datum plane; laying a non-dismantling template on the reference surface side of the prefabricated integral formwork; the non-dismantling formwork is fixedly connected with the prefabricated integral formwork through a fastener.
Above-mentioned technical scheme is preferred, prefabricated whole die carrier still including middle steel member, the both ends of middle steel member and the horizontal steel member or the vertical steel member welded connection who corresponds the side.
Preferably, in the technical scheme, the transverse steel member and/or the longitudinal steel member at least comprises a lower supporting part, the lower surface of the lower supporting part is a horizontal reference surface, and the upper supporting part is used for supporting the steel bar truss; a vertical plate connecting the lower support part and the upper support part.
Above-mentioned technical scheme is preferred, the height that the upper surface of upper support portion is apart from lower reference surface is not less than 15 mm.
Above-mentioned technical scheme is preferred, the cross sectional shape C type, I shape, L type, T type, rectangle or several font of horizontal steel member and longitudinal steel member.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the vertical plates of the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member are provided with slurry passing holes.
According to the technical scheme, the two ends of the steel bar truss exceed the non-dismantling formwork, so that the end part of the steel bar truss is lapped in the structural beam.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the connecting side of the disassembly-free template and the prefabricated integral frame is provided with a groove or is provided with an irregular bulge by adopting galling treatment.
According to the preferable technical scheme, a steel mesh is pre-embedded in the non-dismantling formwork.
The utility model has the advantages and positive effect: the utility model can be installed in factory prefabrication field; compared with the traditional wood formwork, the formwork removal construction is reduced, and the service life of the wood formwork is as long as that of a floor slab; compared with the traditional floor bottom die support, the disassembly-free floor composite slab has the advantages of high rigidity, good integrity, simple support tool or no support; compared with a concrete prefabricated laminated slab, the disassembly-free floor bearing plate has the advantages of light dead weight and high cast-in-place construction quality. Compared with the existing cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab, the cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab has the advantages of light dead weight, high factory processing speed, easiness in transportation and hoisting, low bearing requirement on a floor slab supporting tool, high cast-in-place construction quality and the like.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a view taken along line K of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a prefabricated integral formwork structure;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a disassembly-free form;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a truss floor construction;
FIG. 8 is a partial structural view of a demolition-free form with steel mesh;
fig. 9 is a transverse steel member or a longitudinal steel member with grout holes.
In the figure, 1, prefabricating an integral die carrier; 1-1, transverse steel members; 1-10, a lower support part; 1-11, a horizontal reference plane; 1-12, an upper support part; 1-13, passing through a pulp hole; 1-2, longitudinal steel members; 1-3, a reference plane; 1-4, intermediate steel members; 2. a template is not required to be disassembled; 2-1, a groove; 2-2, a steel mesh; 3. a fastener; 4. steel bar reinforced truss.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail with reference to the following embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, an assembly-type disassembly-free formwork includes a prefabricated integral formwork 1 and a concrete-compatible disassembly-free formwork 2; the non-dismantling formwork is a non-metallic concrete compatible plate with a certain bearing capacity, such as a cement fiberboard and a calcium silicate board; the prefabricated integral formwork comprises transverse steel members 1-1 and longitudinal steel members 1-2, and the transverse steel members and the longitudinal steel members are welded into a frame; the lower surface of the welded prefabricated integral die carrier is a datum plane 1-3; laying a non-dismantling template 2 on the reference surface side of the prefabricated integral mould frame; the non-dismantling template is fixedly connected with the prefabricated integral die frame through a fastener 3, the fastener preferably has certain cutting force, and meanwhile, a self-tapping screw with a certain self-locking function is adopted, so that the stability and firmness of the non-dismantling template and the prefabricated integral frame after connection are ensured; before concrete pouring, the disassembly-free template is equivalently hung on the prefabricated integral frame, the integral bending and pressure resistance of the disassembly-free template is improved through the prefabricated integral die carrier, the safety is improved, after the concrete is solidified after pouring, the disassembly-free template is compatible with the disassembly-free template to form an integral structure, the prefabricated automatic screws are equivalently embedded in the concrete, and then the disassembly-free template and the structure form a structure body with the same service life.
When the prefabricated steel truss floor is actually used, a floor slab is built, the steel bar steel frame 4 is welded on the upper surface of the assembled disassembly-free formwork to manufacture a disassembly-free truss floor slab, please refer to fig. 7, and the prefabricated steel truss floor can be installed on site in a factory; compared with the traditional wood formwork, the formwork removal construction is reduced, and the service life of the wood formwork is as long as that of a floor slab; compared with the traditional floor bottom die support, the disassembly-free floor composite slab has the advantages of high rigidity, good integrity, simple support tool or no support; compared with a concrete prefabricated laminated slab, the disassembly-free floor bearing plate has the advantages of light dead weight and high cast-in-place construction quality. Compared with the existing cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab, the cast-in-place precast concrete composite slab has the advantages of light dead weight, high factory processing speed, easiness in transportation and hoisting, low bearing requirement on a floor slab supporting tool, high cast-in-place construction quality and the like.
According to the technical scheme, the prefabricated integral formwork further comprises intermediate steel members 1-4, and the two ends of each intermediate steel member are connected with the transverse steel members or the longitudinal steel members on the corresponding side in a welded mode. The strength of the integral die frame is improved for the intermediate steel member of the prefabricated integral die frame with larger size, the force is uniformly dispersed, and the safety and the reliability of a template system are ensured.
Preferably, in the technical scheme, the transverse steel member and/or the longitudinal steel member at least comprises 1-10 parts of a lower supporting part, the lower surface of the lower supporting part is a horizontal reference surface, and the horizontal reference surface ensures that the transverse steel member and/or the longitudinal steel member are also a horizontal reference surface after being spliced into a frame, so that the flatness of the spliced non-dismantling formwork is ensured, and a foundation is laid for later-stage painting leveling; an upper supporting part 1-11 for supporting the steel bar truss, wherein the upper supporting part is used as a foundation for supporting the steel bar truss, so that the stability of the steel bar truss support is ensured; the vertical plate 1-12 is connected with the lower supporting part and the upper supporting part, the vertical plate mainly plays a role of bearing and supporting, and meanwhile, the vertical plate has a certain height; the height between the upper surface of the upper supporting part and the lower reference surface is not less than 15mm, and the design of the distance ensures that a concrete protective layer is formed after concrete is poured, so that the main stressed bearing member steel bar truss is not exposed, and the service life of the structure body is prolonged.
Above-mentioned technical scheme is preferred, the cross sectional shape C type, I shape, L type, T type, rectangle or several fonts of horizontal steel member and vertical steel member, the C type structure that this embodiment is preferred to two webs of C type channel-section steel are inwards equipped with and bend, treat to pour closely knit filling concrete in the C type groove and solidify the back and form firm connection structure with the concrete structure, improve the installation strength of prefabricating whole die carrier 1.
In the above technical scheme, preferably, the vertical plates of the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member are provided with grout passing holes 1-13, please refer to fig. 9, the design of the grout passing holes is beneficial to the communication of concrete on the two sides of the vertical plates, the dense filling of the concrete is beneficial, and simultaneously, reinforcing steel bars can transversely penetrate through the grout passing holes, so that the structural strength is improved; in addition, the weight is reduced without affecting the supporting strength.
Preferably, the connecting side of the non-dismantling formwork 2 and the prefabricated integral framework is provided with a groove 2-1 or is provided with an irregular bulge by adopting napping treatment; the grooves are beneficial to passing slurry, so that dense filling is ensured; the galling bulge is attached to the concrete.
Preferably, the steel mesh 2-2 is embedded in the non-dismantling formwork, so as to improve the stress performance of the non-dismantling formwork, please refer to fig. 8.
The utility model discloses still disclose the manufacturing method of assembled exempting from to tear open template, mainly include following step:
s1, prefabricating into a frame: manufacturing transverse steel members and longitudinal steel members and/or middle steel members according to the house type diagram; paving the transverse steel members and the longitudinal steel members and/or the middle steel members on the upper reference surface of a welding platform of welding equipment, splicing the transverse steel members and the longitudinal steel members into a frame, and then starting the welding equipment for welding to form a prefabricated integral die carrier;
s2, laying a non-dismantling template; turning the prefabricated integral formwork with the steel bar trusses by 90 degrees or 180 degrees to enable a reference plane of the prefabricated integral formwork to face an operator, then flatly laying a prefabricated disassembly-free formwork with a preset size on the reference plane 1-13 of the prefabricated integral formwork, and then fixedly connecting the disassembly-free formwork with a transverse steel member and a longitudinal steel member and/or an intermediate steel member of the formwork through self-tapping;
s3, numbering; and numbering the floor plates according to the house type drawing, and then stacking the floor plates according to the numbers.
The manufacturing method is high in production efficiency, facilitates later-stage assembly, ensures the smoothness after assembly, and reduces later-stage construction cost and labor intensity.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention, as any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a disassembly-free template of assembled which characterized in that: the prefabricated integral formwork comprises a transverse steel member and a longitudinal steel member, and the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member are welded into a frame; the lower surface of the welded prefabricated integral die carrier is a datum plane; laying a non-dismantling template on the reference surface side of the prefabricated integral formwork; the non-dismantling formwork is fixedly connected with the prefabricated integral formwork through a fastener.
2. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: the prefabricated integral formwork further comprises an intermediate steel member, and two ends of the intermediate steel member are connected with the transverse steel member or the longitudinal steel member on the corresponding side in a welded mode.
3. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: the transverse steel member and/or the longitudinal steel member at least comprise a lower supporting part, the lower surface of the lower supporting part is a horizontal reference surface, and the upper supporting part is used for supporting the steel bar truss; a vertical plate connecting the lower support part and the upper support part.
4. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 3, wherein: the height of the upper surface of the upper supporting part from the lower reference surface is not less than 15 mm.
5. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: the cross sections of the transverse steel members and the longitudinal steel members are C-shaped, I-shaped, L-shaped, T-shaped, rectangular or n-shaped.
6. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: and slurry passing holes are formed in the vertical plates of the transverse steel member and the longitudinal steel member.
7. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: the connecting side of the non-dismantling formwork and the prefabricated integral framework is provided with a groove or is provided with an irregular bulge by adopting napping treatment.
8. The fabricated disassembly-free form of claim 1, wherein: and a steel mesh is pre-embedded in the non-dismantling formwork.
CN202021243167.8U 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Assembly type disassembly-free template Active CN212802189U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021243167.8U CN212802189U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Assembly type disassembly-free template

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021243167.8U CN212802189U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Assembly type disassembly-free template

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212802189U true CN212802189U (en) 2021-03-26

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ID=75098860

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021243167.8U Active CN212802189U (en) 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 Assembly type disassembly-free template

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212802189U (en)

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