CN215167163U - Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit - Google Patents

Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215167163U
CN215167163U CN202121371146.9U CN202121371146U CN215167163U CN 215167163 U CN215167163 U CN 215167163U CN 202121371146 U CN202121371146 U CN 202121371146U CN 215167163 U CN215167163 U CN 215167163U
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Prior art keywords
shear
annular reinforcing
wall panel
maintenance
reinforcing bar
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CN202121371146.9U
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刘斌
苏忠琳
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Shijiazhuang Zhujia Energy Saving Products Technology Co ltd
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Shijiazhuang Zhujia Energy Saving Products Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a construction technical field provides a shear force structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoist and mount wallboard unit, including the connection structure who maintains structure, shear force structure, grade beam structure and be used for connecting, maintain structure, shear force structure and the prefabricated shaping of grade beam structure. Through the technical scheme, the problems that the installation sequence of the bearing structure and the maintenance structure in the prior art can not be carried out simultaneously, the construction efficiency is low, the construction period is too long, the installation gap is too large and is not easy to process, and the bearing structure and the maintenance structure are easy to crack and leak water are solved.

Description

Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction technical field, it is concrete relates to a shear force structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoist and mount wallboard unit.
Background
The bearing structure or the shear structure refers to main structural members and connecting joints thereof which directly transmit self-weight and various external acting forces systematically to a foundation, and comprises a bearing wall, a vertical rod, a column, a frame column, a buttress, a floor slab, a beam, a roof truss, a suspension cable and the like. The maintenance structure is a wall, a door, a window and the like surrounding the building space. The bearing wall generally comprises a shear structure and a maintenance structure, the shear structure plays a main bearing role, in the prior art, the construction of the bearing wall in the building construction generally adopts a cast-in-place mode, the installation sequence of the bearing structure and the maintenance structure cannot be carried out simultaneously, the construction efficiency is low, the construction period is overlong, and the problems of overlarge installation gap, difficulty in processing, easiness in cracking, water leakage and the like exist.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a shear force structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoist and mount wallboard unit has solved bearing structure among the prior art and has maintained the structure installation order and can not go on simultaneously, and the efficiency of construction is low, and construction cycle overlength, the too big difficult processing in installation gap, the problem of easy fracture, leakage etc..
The technical scheme of the utility model as follows:
the utility model provides a shear force structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoist and mount wallboard unit, is including maintaining structure, shear force structure, grade beam structure and being used for the connection structure who connects, maintain structure, shear force structure and the precast shaping of grade beam structure.
Furthermore, a criss-cross steel reinforcement framework is pre-embedded in the maintenance structure, the shear structure and the ground beam structure are concrete structures, and the shear structure, the ground beam structure and the steel reinforcement framework are connected in a pre-embedding manner; or
The shear structure, the ground beam structure and the steel reinforcement framework are connected in a welding mode.
Furthermore, a first connecting piece is arranged on the shear structure, a second connecting piece is arranged on the maintenance structure, and the first connecting piece is used for being connected with the second connecting piece on the adjacent wallboard unit.
Further, it is relative to maintain the structure be equipped with first annular reinforcing bar on the terminal surface of shear force structure, wall one side of wallboard unit is equipped with second annular reinforcing bar, second annular reinforcing bar with first annular reinforcing bar is used for being two wallboard units concatenation of contained angle.
Furthermore, a vertical first groove is formed in the end face, opposite to the shear structure, of the maintenance structure, and the first annular steel bar is arranged in the first groove.
Further, the second annular reinforcing steel bar is arranged on one side, located on the wall surface, of the shear structure.
Further, the middle part of the maintenance structure is provided with a constructional column, and the second annular reinforcing steel bar is arranged on the constructional column.
Further, be equipped with vertical second recess on the wall of maintaining the structure, the width of second recess is greater than maintain the thickness of structure, second annular reinforcing bar sets up in the second recess.
Furthermore, the top end face of the wallboard unit is provided with a third annular reinforcing steel bar.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation and beneficial effect do:
the utility model provides a wallboard unit, wallboard unit will maintain the structure, shear force structure and the prefabricated shaping of grade beam structure integration, and set up connection structure on the wall body, wallboard unit's high design is individual layer building body, or the height in individual layer house, splice several wallboard units in the coplanar through connection structure as required, also splice through connection structure to the wallboard unit in two planes that are the contained angle, and pour two wall units that make the connection to the concatenation play and form wholly, form whole stress structure, guarantee the bearing effect, and good gas tightness has, adopt the production wall body unit at the mill, splice the mode of installation formation wall body in the scene, only need pour concatenation department at the scene, the work load in the scene that can significantly reduce, promote the efficiency of construction, and reduce the pollution to the environment. Bearing structure adopts prefabricated mode with the maintenance structure in this scheme, goes on simultaneously during the construction, and the efficiency of construction is high to installation gap department can pour the connection, and it is convenient to handle, is difficult to fracture, leak.
Drawings
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 is an elevational view of a wall panel unit;
FIG. 2 is a connection view of two wall panels in the same plane;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first connecting member and a second connecting member according to one embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a splicing pattern according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a partial enlarged view of FIG. 4 at B;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a first connecting member, a second connecting member, and a third connecting member according to the second embodiment;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a splicing pattern according to the second embodiment;
in the figure: 1. wallboard unit, 11, maintenance structure, 111, horizontal muscle, 112, vertical muscle, 113, first recess, 114, second recess, 12, shear force structure, 13, ground beam structure, 14, first connecting piece, 15, second connecting piece, 16, first annular reinforcing bar, 17, second annular reinforcing bar, 18, third annular reinforcing bar, 19, constructional column, 2, first dowel.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive work, are related to the scope of the present invention.
A prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit with a shear structure and a maintenance structure integrated into a whole is shown in figure 1, wherein the wallboard unit 1 comprises a maintenance structure 11, a shear structure 12, a ground beam structure 13 and a connecting structure for connection, and the maintenance structure 11, the shear structure 12 and the ground beam structure 13 are prefabricated and molded;
the wall structure formed by splicing the wallboard units 1 further comprises a top beam, the wallboard units 1 adjacent to each other in the same plane, the wallboard units 1 in the two planes with included angles and the wallboard units 1 are connected with the top beam through connecting structures, and concrete is poured to form integral connection.
In the embodiment, a wallboard unit 1 is designed, the wallboard unit 1 is formed by integrally prefabricating a maintenance structure 11, a shear structure 12 and a ground beam structure 13, a connecting structure is arranged on a wall body, the height of the wallboard unit 1 is designed to be the height of a single-layer building or a single-layer house, several wallboard units 1 are spliced in the same plane through the connecting structure as required, the wallboard units 1 in two planes with an included angle are spliced through the connecting structure, and the spliced wall units are poured to form a whole, so that an integral stress structure is formed, a bearing effect is ensured, good air tightness is achieved, then top beams are installed on the formed wall body, the wall body units are produced in a factory and are spliced and installed on the site to form the wall body, only the spliced part needs to be poured on the site, and the workload on the site can be greatly reduced, the construction efficiency is improved, and the pollution to the environment is reduced. Bearing structure adopts prefabricated mode with the maintenance structure in this scheme, goes on simultaneously during the construction, and the efficiency of construction is high to installation gap department can pour the connection, and it is convenient to handle, is difficult to fracture, leak.
The maintenance structure 11 is internally pre-embedded with a criss-cross steel reinforcement framework, a transverse reinforcement of the steel reinforcement framework is connected with the shear structure 12 in a welding or pre-embedded mode, and a longitudinal reinforcement 112 of the steel reinforcement framework is connected with the ground beam structure 13 in a welding or pre-embedded mode.
Be equipped with vertically and horizontally staggered's steel reinforcement framework in maintaining structure 11, be convenient for on the one hand maintain structure 11 and pour the shaping, on the other hand also can guarantee to maintain the intensity of structure 11. The shear structure 12 can be a concrete structure or a steel structural member, a steel column and the like, and if the concrete structure is adopted, the transverse bar of the steel reinforcement framework is embedded in the concrete structure, so that the shear structure 12 and the maintenance structure 11 form a whole; if steel structural members, steel columns and the like are adopted, the transverse ribs and the shear structure 12 can be welded into a whole in a welding mode. The ground beam structure 13 is similar to the shear structure 12, and may also be a concrete structure or a steel structure, a steel column, etc. as required, and the manner of integral molding with the maintenance structure 11 is also a pre-buried or welded manner according to the material selected for the maintenance structure 11.
As shown in fig. 2, in two adjacent wall panel units 1 in the same plane, a first connecting member 14 is arranged on the shear structure 12 of one wall panel unit 1, a second connecting member 15 is arranged on the maintenance structure 11 of the other wall panel unit, and the first connecting member 14 is connected with the second connecting member 15 through a bolt.
Two adjacent wallboard units 1 in the same plane are connected through a first connecting piece 14 arranged on the shear structure 12 and a second connecting piece 15 arranged on the maintenance structure 11, so that the connection between the maintenance structure 11 and the load-bearing structure of the two adjacent wallboard units 1 is formed. Maintain the recess shape that the side reservation of structure 11 has second connecting piece 15, the reservation recess corresponds horizontal muscle and indulges muscle 112 setting, make horizontal muscle and indulge muscle 112 and stretch out and maintain structure 11, the horizontal muscle that stretches out to maintain structure 11 passes through the connecting piece with the bearing structure of adjacent wallboard unit 1 and is connected, it is connected with the entablature to indulge muscle 112, first connecting piece 14 can pass through bolted connection with second connecting piece 15, then pour the material of pouring and form wholly, form whole stress structure, still be equipped with the connecting piece on the structure of ground beam 13 and connect adjacent shear force structure 12.
For the installation of two wall panel units 1 at an angle, the basic form is as follows,
the end surface of the wall plate unit 1 vertical to the wall surface is provided with a first annular reinforcing steel bar 16, one side of the wall surface of the wall plate unit 1 is provided with a second annular reinforcing steel bar 17,
when two wallboard units 1 that are the contained angle splice, first annular reinforcing bar 16 is relative and set up in turn with second annular reinforcing bar 17 to be equipped with first dowel bar 2 and pass first annular reinforcing bar 16 and second annular reinforcing bar 17, make two wallboard units 1 form wholly through pouring the pouring material and filling.
Set up one row of first annular reinforcing bar 16 from top to bottom on the terminal surface of 1 perpendicular to wall of wallboard unit, wall one side of wallboard unit 1 sets up second annular reinforcing bar 17 from top to bottom, when two 1 concatenations of wallboard unit, install two wallboard units 1 in place earlier, first annular reinforcing bar 16 on two wallboard units 1 is relative with second annular reinforcing bar 17 this moment, and first annular reinforcing bar 16 and second annular reinforcing bar 17 are alternative, the dowel bar passes in proper order from the hole of first annular reinforcing bar 16 and second annular reinforcing bar 17, then pour the material of pouring and make two wallboard units 1 form wholly, form whole stress structure, guarantee the bearing effect, and make the wall body have good gas tightness.
The first annular reinforcing bar 16 and the second annular reinforcing bar 17 can be arranged in different ways according to different splicing requirements,
in the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 3, the first ring-shaped reinforcing bars 16 and the second ring-shaped reinforcing bars 17 are both ring-shaped structures.
As shown in fig. 4-6, several embodiments of the first embodiment,
first, a vertical first groove 113 is formed in the end face, opposite to the shear structure 12, of the maintenance structure 11, and the first annular reinforcing steel bar 16 is arranged in the first groove 113;
a second annular reinforcing bar 17 is provided on the shear structure 12.
The arrangement mode of the connecting structure is suitable for connecting two wall panel units 1 which are perpendicular to each other at the corner, the shear structure 12 of one wall panel unit 1 is connected with the maintenance structure 11 of the other wall panel unit 1, the second annular reinforcing steel bars 17 extend into the first grooves 113, and the first grooves 113 are directly filled during pouring, so that the on-site pouring amount of the splicing mode is smaller, and a support can be formed at the corner.
Secondly, a vertical first groove 113 is formed in the end face, opposite to the shear structure 12, of the maintenance structure 11, and the first annular reinforcing steel bar 16 is arranged in the first groove 113;
and a second groove 114 is formed in the wall surface of the maintenance structure 11, the width of the second groove 114 is larger than the thickness of the maintenance structure 11, and the second annular reinforcing steel bar 17 is arranged in the second groove 114.
This kind of connection structure's mode of setting up is fit for setting up vertically wallboard unit 1 at wallboard unit 1's middle part, and in wallboard unit 1 inserted the second recess 114 of another wallboard unit 1, make first annular reinforcing bar 16 stretch into in second recess 114, in second annular reinforcing bar 17 stretches into first recess 113 simultaneously, and this kind of concatenation mode does not have bearing structure in concatenation department, and is equipped with the support in the position of keeping away from the concatenation point.
Thirdly, a constructional column 19 is arranged in the middle of the maintenance structure 11, and a second annular steel bar 17 is arranged on the constructional column 19;
the end surfaces of the maintenance structure 11 and the opposite shear structure 12 are provided with a vertical first groove 113, and the first annular reinforcing steel bar 16 is arranged in the first groove 113.
Be equipped with constructional column 19 for maintaining the middle part of structure 11, constructional column 19 can play the effect of bearing, more is fit for longer wall body, sets up the perpendicular wallboard unit 1 in wallboard unit 1 under this condition and all sets up the support in splice point and the position of keeping away from the splice point.
In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 7 to 8, the first and second annular reinforcing bars 16 and 17 are U-shaped rings,
the first annular reinforcing steel bar 16 is arranged on the maintenance structure 11 and opposite to the end face of the shear structure 12, the second annular reinforcing steel bar 17 is arranged on the shear structure 12, and after the first dowel bar 2 penetrates through the second annular reinforcing steel bar, pouring materials are poured to form a post-pouring belt.
As shown, the top end face of the wall panel unit 1 is provided with a third ring-shaped reinforcing bar 18,
the top beam is provided with a strip-shaped hole, the third annular reinforcing steel bar 18 is inserted into the strip-shaped hole, and a second inserted bar is arranged to penetrate through the third annular reinforcing steel bar 18.
Set up third annular reinforcing bar 18 at wallboard unit 1's top, third annular reinforcing bar 18 is used for being connected with the back timber, is equipped with the bar hole on the back timber, and third annular reinforcing bar 18 passes the bar hole, is equipped with the part that the second inserted bar passed third annular reinforcing bar 18 and passes the bar hole, with back timber and wall connection.
The construction method of the wall structure based on the prefabricated hoistable wallboard unit comprises the following steps,
s1, designing a drawing according to the building requirements;
s2, splitting the wall body into a splicing drawing composed of a plurality of wallboard units according to the drawing, and determining the sizes and the connection structure forms of the wallboard units and the number of the wallboard units in different styles;
s3, prefabricating wallboard units in a factory according to the data obtained in the step S2, and embedding wire pipes and wire boxes in advance;
s4, installing the wall panel units on site, so that the first connecting pieces and the second connecting pieces of two adjacent wall panel units in the same plane are opposite, and the first annular reinforcing steel bars and the second annular reinforcing steel bars of two adjacent wall panels forming an included angle are opposite;
s5, connecting the first connecting piece and the second connecting piece through bolts, and pouring to form the two wallboard units into a whole;
s6, inserting first inserting bars into the first annular reinforcing steel bars and the second annular reinforcing steel bars, and pouring the pouring materials to enable the two wallboard units to form a whole;
and S7, mounting a top beam on the spliced wall, enabling the third annular steel bars to penetrate through the strip-shaped holes, and inserting the second inserted bars.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a shear force structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoist and mount wallboard unit which characterized in that, including maintaining structure (11), shear force structure (12), grade beam structure (13) and the connection structure who is used for connecting, maintain structure (11), shear force structure (12) and grade beam structure (13) prefabricated molding.
2. The wall panel unit according to claim 1, wherein criss-cross steel reinforcement frameworks are embedded in the maintenance structure (11), the shear structure (12) and the ground beam structure (13) are concrete structures, and the shear structure (12) and the ground beam structure (13) are connected with the steel reinforcement frameworks in an embedded manner; or
The shear structure (12) and the ground beam structure (13) are steel structures, and the shear structure (12) and the ground beam structure (13) are connected with the steel reinforcement framework in a welding mode.
3. A wall panel unit according to claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that a first connecting member (14) is provided on the shear structure (12), a second connecting member (15) is provided on the maintenance structure (11), the first connecting member (14) being adapted to be connected to a second connecting member (15) on an adjacent wall panel unit (1), the first connecting member (14) and the second connecting member (15) being steel structural members.
4. A wall panel unit according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the end face of the maintenance structure (11) opposite to the shear structure (12) is provided with a first annular reinforcing bar (16), one side of the wall surface of the wall panel unit (1) is provided with a second annular reinforcing bar (17), and the second annular reinforcing bar (17) and the first annular reinforcing bar (16) are used for splicing two wall panel units (1) with an included angle.
5. A wall panel unit according to claim 4, characterised in that the end face of the maintenance structure (11) opposite the shear structure (12) is provided with a vertical first groove (113), the first annular reinforcing bar (16) being arranged in the first groove (113).
6. A wall panel unit according to claim 5, wherein the second annular reinforcing bar (17) is provided on the side of the shear structure (12) which is located at the wall surface.
7. A wall panel unit according to claim 5, characterised in that the service structure (11) is provided with a constructional column (19) in the middle, and that the second annular reinforcing bar (17) is provided on the constructional column (19).
8. A wall panel unit according to claim 5, characterised in that a second vertical groove (114) is provided in the wall surface of the maintenance structure (11), the width of the second groove (114) being greater than the thickness of the maintenance structure (11), the second annular reinforcing bar (17) being provided in the second groove (114).
9. A wall panel unit according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the top end surface of the wall panel unit (1) is provided with a third ring reinforcement (18).
CN202121371146.9U 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit Active CN215167163U (en)

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CN202121371146.9U CN215167163U (en) 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121371146.9U CN215167163U (en) 2021-06-21 2021-06-21 Shear structure and maintenance structure integrated prefabricated hoisting wallboard unit

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114439204A (en) * 2021-12-29 2022-05-06 苏州中设建设集团有限公司 Supporting plate mounting structure and process thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114439204A (en) * 2021-12-29 2022-05-06 苏州中设建设集团有限公司 Supporting plate mounting structure and process thereof

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