CN212655467U - Adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment - Google Patents

Adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment Download PDF

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CN212655467U
CN212655467U CN202020961929.1U CN202020961929U CN212655467U CN 212655467 U CN212655467 U CN 212655467U CN 202020961929 U CN202020961929 U CN 202020961929U CN 212655467 U CN212655467 U CN 212655467U
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desorption
oxygen
adsorption
nitrogen
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蔡子清
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Zhuhai Hokai Medical Instruments Co ltd
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Zhuhai Hokai Medical Instruments Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an adsorb vacuum desorption oxygenerator, equipment includes: the device comprises a gas purification unit, a gas conveying and extracting unit, a nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit, an oxygen buffer unit and an oxygen storage unit which are sequentially connected; the number of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption units is single; the utility model discloses a single nitrogen gas adsorbs and desorption unit realizes adsorbing and desorption process, and area is little, and the operation energy consumption is low, and need not the solenoid valve and can realize the switching of adsorption and desorption process, and control flow is simple, convenient operation.

Description

Adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment
All as the field of technology
The utility model relates to an oxygen generation technical field especially relates to an adsorb vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment.
All the above-mentioned background techniques
A pressure adsorption vacuum desorption (VPSA for short) oxygen production device is one of the most used oxygen production processes at present. The VPSA oxygen generating equipment mainly comprises a blower, a vacuum pump, a switching valve, an adsorber and an oxygen balancing tank.
The raw material air is pressurized to 0.3-0.5barg by a blower after dust particles are removed by a suction inlet filter and enters one of the adsorbers. The adsorber is filled with an adsorbent in which moisture, carbon dioxide, and a small amount of other gas components are adsorbed at the inlet of the adsorber by activated alumina filled at the bottom, and then nitrogen is adsorbed by zeolite molecular sieves filled on the upper portion of the activated alumina. While oxygen (including argon) as a non-adsorbed component is vented from the top outlet of the adsorber as product gas to an oxygen equalization tank. When the adsorber is adsorbed to a certain degree, the adsorbent therein will reach a saturated state, and then the adsorber is vacuumized by a vacuum pump through a switching valve (opposite to the adsorption direction), and the vacuum degree is 0.65-0.75 barg. The adsorbed moisture, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and small amounts of other gaseous components are pumped out and vented to the atmosphere, and the adsorbent is regenerated.
Although continuous oxygen generation can be realized in the VPSA oxygen generation system, because the common VPSA oxygen generation system all adopts double-tower alternative adsorption/desorption operation, the operation energy consumption is high (about 1.5 degrees for every 1 standard cube of oxygen power consumption produced), the temperature of the shell part of the air blower is higher, usually, the temperature reaches more than 90 ℃, a soft water cooling system needs to be additionally installed, under the condition that a soft water treatment system is not provided, tap water is directly adopted for cooling, after the operation is carried out for a period of time, scales are formed in the cooling shell of the air blower, the air temperature is increased, and the oxygen generation efficiency is influenced. Meanwhile, the air compressor, the refrigeration dryer and the filter are high in maintenance cost, large in disposable equipment investment, large in occupied area, complex in installation and maintenance of the whole system and high in failure rate.
All kinds of practical novel contents
The utility model aims at providing an adsorb vacuum desorption oxygenerator, adsorb and the desorption process through single nitrogen gas absorption and desorption unit realization, area is little, and the operation energy consumption is low, and need not the solenoid valve and can realize the switching of adsorbing and the desorption process, and control flow is simple, convenient operation.
In order to realize the utility model discloses a first purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme:
an adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation plant comprising: the device comprises a gas purification unit, a gas conveying and extracting unit, a nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit, an oxygen buffer unit and an oxygen storage unit which are sequentially connected; the number of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption units is single;
the gas purification unit is used for conveying purified air to the gas conveying and extracting unit; the gas conveying and extracting unit is used for receiving the purified air and conveying the pressurized air to the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit or vacuumizing the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit; the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is used for adsorbing nitrogen from the pressurized air or desorbing the nitrogen in a vacuum state; the oxygen buffer unit is used for buffering the oxygen conveyed by the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; the oxygen storage unit is used for storing the oxygen conveyed by the oxygen buffer unit.
Further, when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is saturated with nitrogen, the gas delivery and extraction unit performs vacuum-pumping treatment on the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit completely desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen, the gas delivery and extraction unit re-delivers the pressurized air to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
As a specific embodiment, the gas delivery and extraction unit comprises a roots blower; the Roots blower pressurizes air through positive rotation and vacuumizes through negative rotation.
As a specific implementation mode, when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is saturated with adsorbed nitrogen, the roots blower is automatically powered off and automatically rotates reversely under the action of the pressure difference between the internal air pressure of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and the atmospheric pressure; when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit completely desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen, the power supply of the motor of the Roots blower is automatically powered on again, the Roots blower starts to rotate forwards again, and pressurized air is delivered to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
Further, when the air pressure inside the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and the atmospheric pressure reach a balance, the fan blades of the Roots blower continuously rotate reversely under the action of inertia.
Further, the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device also comprises a bidirectional heat exchange unit; the bidirectional heat exchange unit is connected between the gas conveying and extracting unit and the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit and used for absorbing the heat of the pressurized air and reducing the temperature of the pressurized air or transferring the absorbed heat to the gas extracted by the gas conveying and extracting unit and exhausting the gas to the atmosphere.
Furthermore, the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device also comprises a bidirectional current limiting unit; the bidirectional flow limiting unit is connected between the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and the oxygen buffer unit and is used for conveying gas flowing to the oxygen buffer unit from the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and limiting the flow rate of the gas, or conveying gas flowing to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit from the oxygen buffer unit and limiting the flow rate of the gas.
Further, the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment also comprises a refrigeration dryer and a silencer; the cold dryer is connected between the oxygen buffer unit and the oxygen storage unit; the muffler is disposed on a pipeline connecting the gas delivery and extraction unit and the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
As a specific embodiment, the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit includes an adsorption tower; the oxygen buffer unit comprises an oxygen buffer tank and an oxygen supercharger connected with the oxygen buffer tank.
Further, when the gas delivery and extraction unit performs vacuum-pumping treatment on the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit, the oxygen buffered by the oxygen buffer unit enters the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit for flushing.
In a specific embodiment, the gas delivery and extraction unit pressurizes the air output by the gas purification unit to 0.6Kg/cm2-1.0Kg/cm2
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model discloses a single nitrogen gas adsorbs and desorption unit realizes adsorbing and desorption process, compares and adopts two nitrogen gas to adsorb and desorption unit separately adsorbs and desorbs the process among the prior art, and area is littleer, and the operation energy consumption is lower, and need not the solenoid valve and can realize adsorbing and the switching of desorption process, and control flow is simple, convenient operation. Further, the utility model discloses a switching of adsorption and desorption is realized to the roots motor just reversing, and control flow is simple, convenient operation. Further, the utility model discloses a roots's motor automatic power-off reversal when nitrogen gas adsorbs and desorption unit adsorbs nitrogen gas saturation realizes that nitrogen gas adsorbs and desorption unit pressurizes to the transformation of decompression, and then realizes adsorbing the automatic switch-over of desorption, and control flow is simple, convenient operation. Furthermore, when the air pressure in the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is balanced with the atmospheric pressure, the fan blades of the Roots blower continuously rotate reversely under the action of inertia, so that the purpose of vacuumizing is achieved conveniently. Further, the utility model discloses a two-way heat transfer unit absorbs the heat of the air after the pressurization, reduces the temperature of the air after the pressurization to when gas delivery and extraction unit adsorb nitrogen gas and desorption unit evacuation, with the gas that absorbed heat transfer was given from gas delivery and extraction unit extraction, make the absorptive heat of two-way heat transfer unit effectively discharge, prolonged two-way heat transfer unit's life. Further, the utility model discloses an oxygen booster compressor is convenient for carry oxygen for oxygen end user to the oxygen pressure boost. Further, the utility model discloses an oxygen buffering unit is when gas delivery and extraction unit evacuation, and it is inside to carry oxygen to nitrogen gas absorption and desorption unit, adsorbs and desorbs the unit inside and washes nitrogen gas, and the nitrogen gas of being convenient for adsorbs and desorbs the more abundant desorption of unit adsorbed nitrogen gas and come out. Furthermore, the gas conveying and extracting unit of the utility model pressurizes the air to the normal pressure lower than the low pressure, and the pressure to the tank body of the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit is smaller, so that the safe operation coefficient of the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit is higher; meanwhile, normal-pressure air is adopted for adsorption, the efficiency of extracting oxygen is higher, the volume of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit can be smaller, and the occupied area of equipment is further reduced.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the embodiments will be briefly described below. The drawings in the following description are only examples of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
description of reference numerals: 100, a gas purification unit; 110, pre-filter; 120, a post-stage filter; 200, a gas delivery and extraction unit; 300, a bidirectional heat exchange unit; 400, a nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; 500, a bidirectional current limiting unit; 510, a first flow limiting valve; 520, a second flow limiting valve; 600, an oxygen buffer unit; 610, an oxygen buffer tank; 620, an oxygen booster; 700, an oxygen storage unit; 800, a muffler; 900, cool drying machine.
(specific embodiments) in all cases
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, an adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation apparatus includes a gas purification unit 100, a gas delivery and extraction unit 200, a bidirectional heat exchange unit 300, a nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400, a bidirectional flow limiting unit 500, an oxygen buffer unit 600, and an oxygen storage unit 700, which are connected in sequence.
In the present embodiment, the gas purifying unit 100 is used for purifying the passing gas, and mainly includes water removal, dust removal and partial CO removal2. As shown in fig. 1, the gas purification unit 100 includes a pre-filter 110 and a post-filter 120. In this embodiment, the pre-filter 110 and the post-filter 120 each include one or more of an activated carbon filter, a dust removal filter, and a carbon dioxide filter, and the pre-filter 110 and the post-filter 120 together include at least one set of an activated carbon filter, a dust removal filter, and a carbon dioxide filter. Wherein, the activated carbon filter is mainly used for removing water, the dust removal filter is mainly used for removing dust, and the carbon dioxide filter is mainly used for removing partial CO2
In the present embodiment, the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 is used for delivering pressurized air or vacuum; the number of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption units 400 is one for adsorbing nitrogen or desorbing nitrogen; after the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 pressurizes the air output from the gas purification unit 100, the pressurized air is delivered to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 through the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300, and then the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 selectively adsorbs nitrogen in the air to extract oxygen, when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 adsorbs nitrogen to be saturated, the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 evacuates the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 through the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300, and the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen in a vacuum state.
In the present embodiment, the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 includes a roots blower, and the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 includes an adsorption tower; the Roots blower has positive and negative rotation characteristics and high-speed reverse rotation inertia, oxygen is generated by pressurization through positive rotation, and negative pressure vacuumizing is performed through reverse rotation; the adsorption tower is filled with a molecular sieve which has the characteristics of selectively adsorbing nitrogen in the air and desorbing the adsorbed nitrogen in a vacuum state; air in the atmosphere is carried for nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 to carry out nitrogen adsorption after the corotation pressurization of roots's fan, nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 adsorbs nitrogen and reaches the saturation back, the nitrogen adsorption process finishes, roots's fan's motor power can auto-power-off, the atmospheric pressure is higher than atmospheric pressure in the adsorption tower, roots's fan can reverse by oneself under the pressure differential effect of atmospheric pressure and atmospheric pressure in the adsorption tower, when the atmospheric pressure reaches balanced in the adsorption tower, roots's fan blade still continues the reversal under the inertia effect, finally reach the purpose of evacuation.
In this embodiment, the oxygen output from the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 is delivered to the oxygen buffer unit 600 through the bidirectional limiting unit, and the oxygen buffer unit 600 is used for buffering the oxygen delivered from the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400, so that the oxygen pressure is maintained in a relatively constant pressure state, thereby maintaining the stability of the oxygen concentration; as shown in fig. 1, the oxygen buffer unit 600 includes an oxygen buffer tank 610 and an oxygen booster 620 connected to the oxygen buffer tank, the oxygen booster 620 being used for boosting the oxygen in the oxygen buffer tank 610; the oxygen booster 620 is a variable frequency booster that boosts the lower pressure oxygen (up to about 0.7Kg/cm2) in the oxygen buffer tank 610 to about 4.5Kg/cm2 for delivery to the oxygen end user. Meanwhile, when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 is vacuumized by the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 to desorb nitrogen, part of high-concentration oxygen (93: +/-3)%) in the oxygen buffer tank 610 enters the top of the adsorption tower through the bidirectional flow limiting unit 500 to flush the molecular sieve in the adsorption tower, so that nitrogen adsorbed by the molecular sieve can be more sufficiently desorbed.
In this example, the molecular sieve in the adsorption column was a lithium french medical zeolite molecular sieve.
In this embodiment, the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300 includes a heat exchanger, and the heat exchanger uses water as a medium; when the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 pressurizes the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400, the pressurized air (which is a high-temperature gas stream) delivered by the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 transfers heat to water in the heat exchanger, the temperature of the water in the heat exchanger rises, and the temperature of the pressurized air delivered to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 by the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 is lowered; when the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 vacuumizes the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400, the low-temperature gas flow extracted by the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 brings the heat of the water in the heat exchanger out to the atmosphere, and reduces the temperature in the heat exchanger, so that the heat absorbed by the heat exchanger in the adsorption process of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 can be effectively discharged, and the service life of the heat exchanger is prolonged.
As shown in fig. 1, the bidirectional flow limiting unit 500 includes a first flow limiting valve 510 and a second flow limiting valve 520; the first flow limiting valve 510 is used for conveying the gas flowing from the adsorption tower to the oxygen buffer tank 610 and limiting the flow rate of the gas; the second flow restriction valve 520 serves to deliver the gas flowing from the oxygen buffer tank 610 to the adsorption tower and to restrict the flow rate of the gas.
In this embodiment, the oxygen storage unit 700 includes a gas tank for storing the oxygen supplied from the oxygen buffer tank 610 and supplying the stored oxygen to the oxygen user terminal.
As shown in fig. 1, the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device further comprises a silencer 800 and a freeze dryer 900; the muffler 800 is connected to a pipeline between the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 and the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300, and is used for performing muffling treatment to reduce noise; the cooling and drying machine 900 is connected between the oxygen buffer unit 600 and the oxygen storage unit 700, and is configured to freeze-dry the oxygen output by the oxygen buffer unit 600 and deliver the oxygen to the oxygen storage unit 700.
In this embodiment, the process flow of the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device is as follows:
after being purified by the gas purification unit 100, the air in the atmosphere enters the gas delivery and extraction unit 200;
the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 pressurizes the air output from the gas purification unit 100, and then delivers the pressurized air to the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300;
in the present embodiment, the Roots blower pressurizes the air output from the gas cleaning unit 100 to 0.75Kg/cm by normal rotation2(less than 1.0 Kg/cm)2Belonging to the normal pressure category); compared with the common method of pressurizing the air to 5.0Kg/cm in the prior art2(belong to the low-pressure category), the pressurized air pressure of the utility model is smaller, the pressure to the tank body of the adsorption tower is smaller, and the safety performance is improved; meanwhile, the normal-pressure air is adopted for adsorption, the efficiency of extracting oxygen is higher, compared with the prior art, the volume of an adsorption tower required for preparing oxygen with the same volume can be smaller, and further the occupied area of equipment is reduced (compared with the adsorption tower in the prior art, the volume can be reduced by 1/3-1/4).
In other embodiments, the Roots blower pressurizes the air output from the gas purification unit 100 to 0.6Kg/cm by forward rotation2-1.0Kg/cm2
In the embodiment, the power consumption of the single-tower normal pressure process for preparing the unit standard cubic meter of oxygen is about 0.75 ℃, while the power consumption of the prior art for preparing the unit standard cubic meter of oxygen by adopting the double-tower low-pressure oxygen preparation process is about 1.6 ℃, namely, the oxygen with the same volume is prepared, and the single-tower normal pressure process only needs 50% of the power consumption of the double-tower low-pressure oxygen preparation process, so that the energy consumption of equipment is reduced.
The bidirectional heat exchange unit 300 cools the pressurized air and then delivers the air to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400;
in this embodiment, the water in the heat exchanger absorbs the heat of the low-pressure gas, so that the low-pressure gas is cooled to about 35 ℃;
after the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 performs nitrogen adsorption treatment on the low-pressure gas, the extracted oxygen is delivered to the oxygen buffer unit 600 through the bidirectional flow limiting unit 500, and then the oxygen buffer unit 600 delivers the oxygen to the oxygen storage unit 700;
in this embodiment, the molecular sieve in the adsorption tower selectively adsorbs nitrogen, so that oxygen penetrates through the molecular sieve and flows to the outlet at the top of the adsorption tower, and then enters the oxygen buffer tank 610 through the first limit valve 510; the duration of the adsorption process was about 25 seconds;
when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 is saturated with nitrogen, the nitrogen adsorption process is completed, and the gas delivery and extraction unit 200 evacuates the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400;
in this embodiment, after the nitrogen adsorption process is completed, the power supply of the motor of the roots blower is automatically cut off, the roots blower starts to rotate reversely under the action of the pressure difference between the air pressure in the adsorption tower and the atmospheric pressure, and the inside of the adsorption tower is evacuated to vacuum (the vacuum pressure is-0.5 Kg/cm) under the action of the inertia of the impeller2) So that the nitrogen adsorbed by the molecular sieve is fully desorbed;
the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen in a vacuum state, and a part of oxygen in the oxygen buffer unit 600 enters the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 through the bidirectional flow limiting unit 500 to flush the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400;
in this embodiment, when the roots blower is reversed to provide negative pressure to the adsorption tower, so that nitrogen is desorbed by the molecular sieve, part of high-concentration oxygen in the oxygen buffer tank 610 enters the top of the adsorption tower through the second flow limiting valve 520, and washes the molecular sieve in the adsorption tower, so that nitrogen adsorbed by the molecular sieve is more sufficiently desorbed;
the gas extracted from the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 is sequentially treated by the bidirectional heat exchange unit 300, the gas delivery and extraction unit 200, and the gas purification unit 100, and then discharged into the atmosphere;
when the nitrogen adsorbed by the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit 400 is completely desorbed, the nitrogen desorption process is finished;
in this embodiment, after the nitrogen desorption process is completed, the power supply of the motor of the roots blower automatically resumes energization, and the roots blower starts to rotate forward again to pressurize the air output by the gas purification unit 100;
the steps are periodically repeated, and continuous oxygen generation is realized.
In this embodiment, other process parameters in the oxygen generation process are common parameters and are not described herein.
In this embodiment, after the nitrogen adsorption process, the roots blower passes through auto-power-off
The adsorption tower is reversed under the action of the pressure difference between the air pressure in the adsorption tower and the atmospheric pressure, and the adsorption tower is vacuumized; after the nitrogen desorption process is finished, the Roots blower restarts forward rotation by automatically restoring energization, and conveys pressurized air to the adsorption tower, so that the switching between adsorption and desorption can be realized without switching of an electromagnetic valve, the control flow is simple, and the operation is convenient.
In this embodiment, the purity of the oxygen generated by the adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device can reach (93 ± 3)%, which is the same as the purity of the oxygen generated by the double-tower adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device, but the operation energy consumption is only about 50% of that of the double-tower adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device, and correspondingly, the operation cost is only about 50% of that of the double-tower adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device.
In this embodiment, not only the roots fan is the oilless fan, and oxygen making equipment operation process is oilless operation moreover, has reduced oil filtration, oil cooling, oil-gas separation technology and control link, and the equipment is more simple, further the cost is reduced. It is only above the preferred embodiment of the utility model, the utility model discloses a scope of protection does not only confine above-mentioned embodiment, the all belongings to the utility model discloses a technical scheme under the thinking all belongs to the utility model discloses a scope of protection. It should be noted that modifications and embellishments within the scope of the present disclosure may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principles of the present disclosure.

Claims (11)

1. An adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation device, which is characterized by comprising: the device comprises a gas purification unit, a gas conveying and extracting unit, a nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit, an oxygen buffer unit and an oxygen storage unit which are sequentially connected; the number of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption units is single;
the gas purification unit is used for conveying purified air to the gas conveying and extracting unit; the gas conveying and extracting unit is used for receiving the purified air and conveying the pressurized air to the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit or vacuumizing the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit; the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is used for adsorbing nitrogen from the pressurized air or desorbing the nitrogen in a vacuum state; the oxygen buffer unit is used for buffering the oxygen conveyed by the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; the oxygen storage unit is used for storing the oxygen conveyed by the oxygen buffer unit.
2. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of claim 1, wherein: when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is saturated with nitrogen, the gas conveying and extracting unit is used for vacuumizing the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit completely desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen, the gas delivery and extraction unit re-delivers the pressurized air to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
3. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of claim 2, wherein: the gas conveying and extracting unit comprises a Roots blower; the Roots blower pressurizes air through positive rotation and vacuumizes through negative rotation.
4. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of claim 3, wherein: when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is saturated with nitrogen, the Roots blower is automatically powered off and automatically rotates reversely under the action of the pressure difference between the internal air pressure and the atmospheric pressure of the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit; when the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit completely desorbs the adsorbed nitrogen, the power supply of the motor of the Roots blower is automatically powered on again, the Roots blower starts to rotate forwards again, and pressurized air is delivered to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
5. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of claim 4, wherein: when the air pressure in the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit is balanced with the atmospheric pressure, the fan blades of the Roots blower continuously rotate reversely under the action of inertia.
6. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the device also comprises a bidirectional heat exchange unit; the bidirectional heat exchange unit is connected between the gas conveying and extracting unit and the nitrogen adsorbing and desorbing unit and used for absorbing the heat of the pressurized air and reducing the temperature of the pressurized air or transferring the absorbed heat to the gas extracted by the gas conveying and extracting unit and exhausting the gas to the atmosphere.
7. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the bidirectional current limiting unit is also included; the bidirectional flow limiting unit is connected between the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and the oxygen buffer unit and is used for conveying gas flowing to the oxygen buffer unit from the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit and limiting the flow rate of the gas, or conveying gas flowing to the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit from the oxygen buffer unit and limiting the flow rate of the gas.
8. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the cooling dryer and the silencer are also included; the cold dryer is connected between the oxygen buffer unit and the oxygen storage unit; the muffler is disposed on a pipeline connecting the gas delivery and extraction unit and the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit.
9. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit comprises an adsorption tower; the oxygen buffer unit comprises an oxygen buffer tank and an oxygen supercharger connected with the oxygen buffer tank.
10. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: when the gas conveying and extracting unit carries out vacuumizing treatment on the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit, oxygen buffered by the oxygen buffering unit enters the nitrogen adsorption and desorption unit for flushing.
11. The adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen plant of any one of claims 1-5, wherein: the gas conveying and extracting unit pressurizes the air output by the gas purifying unit to 0.6Kg/cm2-1.0Kg/cm2
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111634886A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-08 珠海和佳医疗设备股份有限公司 Adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111634886A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-09-08 珠海和佳医疗设备股份有限公司 Adsorption vacuum desorption oxygen generation equipment and method

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