CN212508652U - Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure - Google Patents

Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212508652U
CN212508652U CN202020597851.XU CN202020597851U CN212508652U CN 212508652 U CN212508652 U CN 212508652U CN 202020597851 U CN202020597851 U CN 202020597851U CN 212508652 U CN212508652 U CN 212508652U
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China
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foundation
fan
wind turbine
grid
floating
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CN202020597851.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈侃敏
高山
王滨
姜贞强
陈金忠
赵生校
王淡善
李炜
曲鲁光
夏宏君
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Powerchina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
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Powerchina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

Abstract

The utility model provides a floating foundation of an offshore wind turbine with a grid structure, which comprises a wind turbine engine room, wind turbine blades, a tower and an anchoring system, wherein the floating foundation is provided with a grid fan ring foundation, a central upright post and a lower water pressing plate; the grating type fan ring foundation is composed of a plurality of steel cabins with sector-shaped outer outlines, the grating type fan ring foundation surrounds the central upright post, and the central upright post and the grating type fan ring foundation are connected through a connecting structure; the bottom of the floating foundation is provided with a lower water pressing plate. The utility model discloses more traditional showy formula basis has better hydrodynamic motion performance, and the stationarity is higher.

Description

Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an offshore wind turbine floating foundation of grid formula structure is applicable to marine wind power development field, and depth of water application scope is wide.
Background
The concept of a floating offshore wind farm was first proposed in 1972. In the engineering community, it is generally believed that the economic cost and engineering practicality of floating wind turbines will outperform fixed-based offshore wind turbines when the water depth exceeds 60 meters. At present, the application of the floating type fan in offshore wind power is still in an exploration stage. However, the use of floating drilling platforms has been in use for decades in the offshore oil and gas industry. Successful experience in the offshore oil and gas industry not only indicates that long-term operation of floating wind turbines is technically feasible, but also provides a variety of alternative basic forms for the design of floating wind turbines.
The current mainstream floating type foundation types of offshore wind turbines mainly comprise single column types, semi-submerged types and tension leg types. These classic floating foundations inherited from offshore oil extraction technologies have been implemented on partially floating wind power projects. However, a number of research and project reports indicate that there are still many problems with these floating foundations in the field of offshore wind power development: the waterline surface of the single upright column type foundation contributes little to the stability, the damping is small when the rotation occurs, and the rolling and pitching motions are large; in addition, the larger main scale of the device has high requirements on water depth, and the difficulty of construction and installation of the device is also larger. The mooring system of the tension leg type foundation has high installation cost, shallow water depth, large influence of ocean current and tide on the pretension of the tension tendon, and easy resonance motion of the upper structure and the mooring system due to frequency coupling; the tension tendon is sensitive to environmental high-frequency load, the ringing phenomenon is easy to occur, and the tension tendon is easy to fatigue and has high risk. In contrast, the semi-submersible foundation has good stability and wide application water depth due to the larger waterplane area, but the construction cost is higher.
For offshore wind power development, it is a first requirement of floating foundation design to ensure the working conditions of the upper wind power generation set. In order to ensure stable power generation efficiency, the requirements on stability in design are more severe in the oil exploitation industry. The so-called stability includes the maximum amplitude and inclination of the motion of the lower floating foundation, the maximum velocity and acceleration, etc.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at floating the demand of marine wind power development of formula, provide a floating formula basis of offshore wind turbine generator system of grid formula structure, more traditional floating formula basis has better hydrodynamic motion performance, and the stationarity is higher. Therefore, the utility model adopts the following scheme:
the utility model provides an offshore wind turbine floating foundation of grid formula structure, includes wind turbine cabin, wind turbine blade, a tower section of thick bamboo, mooring system, its characterized in that: the floating foundation is provided with a grid type fan ring foundation, a central upright post and a lower water pressing plate;
the grating type fan ring foundation is composed of a plurality of steel cabins with sector-shaped outer outlines, the grating type fan ring foundation surrounds the central upright post, and the central upright post and the grating type fan ring foundation are connected through a connecting structure; the bottom of the floating foundation is provided with a lower water pressing plate.
The fan-shaped cabin is coaxial with the central stand column and is distributed layer by layer from the center to the outside, each layer of the grid type fan-shaped cabin is provided with a plurality of fan-shaped cabins, a certain distance exists between the distribution positions of each layer of the fan-shaped cabin, a certain distance exists between adjacent layers, the fan-shaped cabins between the layers are connected through a connecting structure, and the central stand column is also connected with each fan-shaped cabin on the innermost layer through a connecting structure.
The arrangement number and the layer number of the fan-shaped cabins can be specifically determined according to the actual engineering requirements.
Because gaps exist among the fan ring arrangements of each layer, waves and incoming flows can enter the interior of the fan ring array through the gaps. Preferably, the fan ring gaps between the layers are distributed in a staggered manner, so that the staggered arc-shaped water channels forming the fan ring array change the direction of water flow entering the array. This design will on the one hand weaken the load of the wave on the structure, and act to eliminate the wave energy; on one hand, the damping of the structure during rotation and translation is improved, the amplitude and the acceleration of the structure during movement are reduced, and the movement stability of the whole structure under the action of wind, waves and flow is improved.
Each fan annular cabin is a watertight ballast tank and can independently fill ballast water and adjust the adding amount of the ballast water, so that the fan annular arrays distributed by the grids actually form a discrete annular distribution subdivision strategy, and in the face of wind, wave and flow loads in different directions, the adjustment of inclination angles and draught of the floating fan foundation in all directions can be achieved by pumping and discharging the ballast water to all the cabins, and the stability and the motion amplitude of the floating structure can be further ensured under various working conditions.
The floating foundation controls the water pumps of all the fan-shaped annular cabins according to the feedback of the motion sensors arranged in the wind turbine generator cabin, and the ballast condition of all the fan-shaped annular cabins in the grid type fan-shaped foundation is adjusted, so that the upper wind turbine generator can obtain a stable working environment.
The fan-shaped cabin is of a steel structure, and steel stiffening ribs for reinforcing the structural rigidity are uniformly distributed in the fan-shaped cabin. The grid type foundation has a larger waterplane radius, so that the foundation has good stability. Meanwhile, the grid type design reduces the structural steel consumption to a certain extent and reduces the construction cost.
The lower part of the whole grid type foundation is provided with a large steel water pressing plate, and the grid structure is connected with the water pressing plate in a welding mode. The water pressing plate can effectively provide motion damping of the mechanism in the heave direction and reduce motion response amplitude. In addition, the water pressing plate provides rigid connection for each fan-shaped annular structure which is separated relatively from the upper side, and the overall strength and the deformation rigidity of the structure are improved.
The fan tower cylinder is connected with the central upright post; the outer diameter of the central upright column is matched with the tower drum of the fan, and the design omits the connection of a transition section and improves the structural strength.
The central upright column is composed of a steel shell and a reinforced concrete core, a shear key is welded on a steel plate at the lower end of the fan tower cylinder, the lower end of the fan tower cylinder is inserted into a reinforcing mesh of the reinforced concrete core of the central upright column during construction, concrete is poured for connection of the central upright column and the reinforced concrete core, grouting connection of the upright column and the tower cylinder is omitted, construction cost is low, the integral gravity center height of the structure can be reduced, and structure stability is improved.
The utility model discloses a mooring system can choose catenary type mooring or tensioning type mooring according to actual work condition. The cable guide hole is arranged at a position below the outer sea level of the grid type foundation so as to obtain a larger mooring restoring force arm and enable the mooring cable to avoid larger wave load at the water surface.
To sum up, the utility model discloses the technical effect that above technical scheme relates to includes:
1) the grid type design increases the translation and rotation damping of the floating foundation, has certain wave eliminating capacity for waves, reduces the motion response under the action of wind waves, further improves the wind wave resisting capacity of the floating foundation, and provides a more stable working environment for the upper wind turbine generator.
2) Based on the design concept of mixing the semi-submersible type and the upright column type, the water depth application range is wide, and the device can be simultaneously suitable for shallow water and deep sea areas.
3) The novel water surface structure has the advantages of large water surface radius, small water surface area, material cost saving, and better stability and economy.
4) The annular compartment strategy formed by the grid type design can controllably adjust ballast in the compartment flexibly according to any wave direction and wind direction, adjust the draught of the structure and the inclination angle in each direction, and can ensure the stability and the power generation efficiency of the foundation for the changeable wind and wave directions.
5) The fan tower cylinder is installed in the central upright post structure, the size diameter of the fan tower cylinder is consistent with the diameter of the bottom of the fan tower cylinder, the connection of a transition section is omitted, the structural strength is improved, and the construction is convenient. Meanwhile, the central upright post is of a steel shell and concrete core structure, grouting connection between the upright post and the tower barrel is omitted, construction cost is low, the height of the integral center of gravity of the structure can be reduced, and structure stability is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a side view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a grid-type foundation according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a subdivision of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a water flow diagram of the grid structure when the wave comes in the grid structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following is a detailed description of one embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, a floating foundation of an offshore wind turbine with a novel grid structure mainly comprises: a cylindrical central upright post 8, a grating-type fan ring foundation 4, a circular water pressing plate 5 and a mooring system 6. The wind turbine tower 3 is connected with the central upright post 8.
As shown in fig. 1, in operation, the design water line SWL is located at the middle upper part of the grid type fan ring foundation 4, so that the floating foundation has enough freeboard height in operation. The wind turbine generator system comprises a wind turbine generator system, a wind turbine generator system blade 2, a fan engine room 1, a wind turbine generator system tower barrel 3, a wind turbine generator system blade 2 and a fan engine room 1.
As shown in FIG. 4, the outer diameter of the center post 8 is identical to the outer diameter of the tower 3, so that no additional transition section is required. The central upright column 8 consists of a steel shell and a reinforced concrete core, a shear key is welded on a steel plate at the lower end of the tower drum 3, the lower end of the tower drum 3 is inserted into a reinforcing mesh of the reinforced concrete core of the central upright column 8 during construction, concrete is poured for connection of the reinforced mesh and the reinforced concrete core, an additional grouting process is omitted, and in addition, the reinforced concrete core in the central upright column 8 is similar to fixed ballast, so that the central height of the structure can be effectively reduced, and the structural stability is improved.
As shown in fig. 1, the floating foundation is mainly composed of a grating-type fan ring foundation 4. As shown in fig. 5, it is composed of a plurality of steel compartments 40 with an outer contour in the shape of a sector of a circle. The fan-shaped cabins are distributed layer by layer around the central upright post 8, each layer is provided with a plurality of fan-shaped cabins, the distribution positions of each layer of fan-shaped cabins have certain intervals, each layer takes the central upright post 8 as a common center, adjacent layers have certain intervals, and the fan-shaped cabins of adjacent layers are distributed in a staggered mode to form a grid type array so that a specific water channel is formed inside the floating type foundation. The number of fan ring layers and the number of fan ring cabins in each layer included in the grating type fan ring foundation 4 can be specifically designed according to actual engineering requirements, and in a preferred embodiment shown in fig. 1, 3 fan rings and 4 fan rings in each layer are arranged.
As shown in fig. 1, the sector-shaped annular cabins between the floors are connected by circular tube crossbars 7, and 3 layers of circular tube crossbars 7 are arranged from top to bottom. The central upright post 8 and each sector annular cabin at the innermost layer are also connected through a circular tube cross brace 7.
As shown in fig. 5, when the floating foundation provided by the present invention encounters waves and incoming currents, water flow enters the grid foundation and flows in an arc shape according to the water channel defined by the fan-shaped compartment 40, so as to dissipate the energy of the waves and reduce the wave load. In addition, the grid-type design has restricted the flow field motion around the structure to a certain extent, consequently, compare in traditional design, the utility model discloses this kind of convex grid-type design has bigger hydrodynamic damping when taking place the motion, and then has reduced amplitude, speed and the acceleration of hydrodynamic response of structure when meeting with wind, unrestrained, stream.
Fig. 6 shows a schematic view of the subdivision of the grating-type fan ring base 4 in a preferred embodiment. It is noted that each fan ring in the grid-type fan ring foundation 4 is independent watertight compartment (ballast tank 101-. Note that the ballast tanks 101-112 are distributed discretely not only in the inner, middle, outer layers of the fan ring base, but also in different directions. Therefore, the gravity center position of the structure in a static floating state can be changed by adjusting ballast water in the ballast tank 101-the ballast tank 112, the floating state of the structure can be changed, the draught and the inclination angle of the structure in any direction can be changed, and the stability of the structure is ensured. In the actual engineering, the ballast water of each sub-tank is adjusted according to the actually monitored motion response information through the feedback information obtained by the motion attitude instrument arranged at the fan cabin 1, the motion state of the structure is improved, and the capability of the structure for resisting wind waves in any direction is controllably improved.
As shown in fig. 1, a whole circular water pressing plate 5 is installed at the bottom of the floating foundation in a welding manner, the bottom of each annular cabin is connected with the circular water pressing plate 5, the center of the circular water pressing plate 5 is provided with a hole which is just matched with the central upright post 1 and is sleeved outside the central upright post 1, or the circular water pressing plate 5 is also welded at the bottom of the central upright post 1. The water pressing plate 5 provides extra motion damping force for the whole floating body structure during heaving, rolling and pitching on one hand; on one hand, the fan-shaped cabin is connected, the integrity of the lower floating body is improved, and the structural rigidity is increased.
As shown in fig. 1, the mooring system 6 is connected to the grated fan ring base 4, mooring the floating base to the seabed, each mooring means 6 comprising an anchor machine and an anchor chain, the anchor machine being arranged inside the grated fan ring base 4. In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 3, catenary mooring is adopted, the included angle between three mooring points is 120 degrees, and two steel anchor chains with the included angle of 30 degrees are arranged at each mooring point.
The utility model provides a center pillar and fan ring structure of floating formula basis all can be built by stage in the dock, then carry out holistic welding, pour, assemble again. After the main structure of the foundation is completed, other devices, such as a safety fence, an anchor machine, a life saving device, an escalator, electrical equipment and a working and living module, are hoisted, wherein the working and living module can be arranged above a certain fan ring structure and serves as a living working platform. The floating foundation can be used for completing the installation of the wind turbine generator and the tower drum in a dock, then transporting the floating foundation to a working sea area in a wet-dragging or dry-dragging mode, and then connecting an anchor chain in a mooring system to moor the whole device on a seabed.
In the production process, a small part of electric energy generated by the wind turbine generator is used for platform work (ballast water control and the like) and sensors and the like, and main electric energy is transmitted to the land base station through a submarine cable booster station and the like through cable pipelines (wiring paths and holes are reserved in the central upright post during construction) arranged in the tower 3 and the central upright post 8. During the operation of the wind turbine generator, the offshore wind power maintenance ship can berth at the floating foundation side through a berthing member and a mooring bollard arranged near a waterplane, and maintenance workers can climb onto a working platform from the offshore wind power maintenance ship through a crawling ladder to maintain the wind turbine.
The above embodiments are merely preferred technical solutions of the present invention, and it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or substitutions of technical solutions or parameters in the embodiments can be made without departing from the principles and essential conditions of the present invention, and all the modifications or substitutions should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an offshore wind turbine floating foundation of grid formula structure, includes wind turbine cabin, wind turbine blade, fan tower section of thick bamboo, mooring system, its characterized in that: the floating foundation is provided with a grid type fan ring foundation, a central upright post and a lower water pressing plate;
the grille type fan ring foundation is composed of a plurality of cabins with sector-shaped outer outlines, the grille type fan ring foundation surrounds the central upright post, and the central upright post is connected with the grille type fan ring foundation through a connecting structure; the bottom of the floating foundation is provided with a lower water pressing plate.
2. The floating foundation of offshore wind turbine in grid structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fan-shaped cabins are coaxial with the central upright column and are distributed layer by layer from the center to the outside, each layer of the grid fan-shaped foundation has a plurality of fan-shaped cabins, the distribution positions of each layer of fan-shaped cabins have a certain distance, adjacent layers have a certain distance, the fan-shaped cabins between layers are connected by the connecting structure, and the central upright column is connected with the fan-shaped cabins at the innermost layer by the connecting structure.
3. The floating foundation of offshore wind turbine generator system with grid structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fan-shaped cabins of adjacent layers are staggered to form arc-shaped water channels with different directions inside the floating foundation.
4. A floating foundation for a grid-type offshore wind turbine as claimed in claim 1 wherein each of the fan-ring compartments is a watertight ballast tank and is independently ballastable and ballastable; the floating foundation controls the water pumps of all the fan-shaped annular cabins according to the feedback of the motion sensors arranged in the wind turbine generator cabin, and the ballast condition of all the fan-shaped annular cabins in the grid type fan-shaped foundation is adjusted, so that the upper wind turbine generator can obtain a stable working environment.
5. The floating foundation of offshore wind turbine generator system of grid type structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said wind turbine tower is connected to a central column; the outer diameter of the central upright post is matched with the tower drum of the fan, and a transition section does not need to be additionally arranged.
6. The floating offshore wind turbine foundation of claim 1, wherein the central column is made of a steel shell and a reinforced concrete core, the shear keys are welded to the steel plates at the lower end of the wind turbine tower, the lower end of the wind turbine tower is inserted into the reinforcing mesh of the reinforced concrete core of the central column during construction, and concrete is poured to connect the two.
7. A floating foundation for a grid-structured offshore wind turbine as claimed in claim 1 wherein said mooring system is connected to said grid fan ring foundation for mooring said floating foundation to the seabed.
CN202020597851.XU 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure Active CN212508652U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020597851.XU CN212508652U (en) 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020597851.XU CN212508652U (en) 2020-04-21 2020-04-21 Floating type foundation of offshore wind turbine generator set with grid type structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212508652U true CN212508652U (en) 2021-02-09

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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN212508652U (en)

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