CN212431667U - Air energy dryer and drying system - Google Patents

Air energy dryer and drying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212431667U
CN212431667U CN202021065503.4U CN202021065503U CN212431667U CN 212431667 U CN212431667 U CN 212431667U CN 202021065503 U CN202021065503 U CN 202021065503U CN 212431667 U CN212431667 U CN 212431667U
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China
Prior art keywords
heat pump
air
drying
drying area
dehumidification heat
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CN202021065503.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何光赞
林仁斌
高胜
黄亮
张云祥
胡光荣
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Chengdu Jieneng drying equipment Co., Ltd
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Sichuan Jieneng Drying Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an air energy dryer and a drying system, which comprises a feeding area and a drying area communicated with the feeding area, wherein a plurality of layers of conveying mesh belts are arranged in the drying area, the conveying mesh belts are conveyed in an S shape from top to bottom, the lowest layer of the conveying mesh belts and the bottom of the drying area form an air bin, and the conveying end of the conveying mesh belts is connected with a discharge port; the drying area is arranged in a closed manner, the dehumidification heat pump unit is arranged outside the drying area, an air outlet pipe of the dehumidification heat pump unit is communicated with an air bin of the drying area, an air inlet pipe of the dehumidification heat pump unit is communicated with an air collecting cover, and the air collecting cover is arranged at the top of the drying area and is communicated with the drying area; and the inner wall of the drying area is provided with a heat insulation plate. Aim at adopts the inner loop closed stoving, can avoid the drying-machine to receive external environment's influence for the stoving quality is more stable.

Description

Air energy dryer and drying system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural machine technical field, concretely relates to air can drying-machine and drying system.
Background
In the processing process of agricultural products, a dryer or a dryer is often used for carrying out hot air drying treatment on the agricultural products, and in the drying treatment, the control of the drying temperature is particularly important. The color of the dried agricultural product is changed due to the overhigh drying temperature, and nutrient substances in the agricultural product are lost; the drying temperature is too low, the time consumption is long, the drying purpose cannot be achieved, and the energy consumption of the dryer is high. When agricultural products are dried, the agricultural products are also easily influenced by the external environment, when the humidity of the external environment is high, long drying time is needed, the quality of the dried agricultural products is unstable, and the required drying effect cannot be achieved.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides an air can drying-machine and drying system.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the drying device comprises a feeding area and a drying area communicated with the feeding area, wherein a plurality of layers of conveying mesh belts are arranged in the drying area, the conveying mesh belts are conveyed in an S shape from top to bottom, the lowermost layer of the conveying mesh belts and the bottom of the drying area form an air bin, and the conveying tail ends of the conveying mesh belts are connected with a discharge hole; the drying area is closed, the drying area outside sets up dehumidification heat pump set, dehumidification heat pump set's play tuber pipe and drying area's wind storehouse intercommunication, dehumidification heat pump set's air-supply line through with the wind-collecting cover intercommunication, the wind-collecting cover sets up at the top of drying area, communicates with the drying area.
Preferably, the dehumidification heat pump unit is along material transmission direction staggered arrangement, and two staggered arrangement's dehumidification heat pump unit are a set of, a set of dehumidification heat pump unit's air-supply line connect same fan, the fan is two air-out machines.
Preferably, a plurality of groups of dehumidifying heat pump units which are arranged in a staggered mode are arranged along the material conveying direction.
Preferably, a heat balance system is arranged in the dehumidification heat pump unit, the heat balance system comprises a cooling tower and a controller, and the cooling tower is connected with a constant temperature radiator in the dehumidification heat pump unit through a water inlet pipe network and a water outlet pipe network.
Preferably, the dehumidification heat pump unit and the air outlet pipe are arranged in a static pressure box, the static pressure box is connected with the drying area, and a vertical partition plate is arranged between the static pressure box and the drying area.
The utility model provides an air can drying system, includes the drying area, the closed setting of drying area, the outside of drying area sets up dehumidification heat pump set, dehumidification heat pump set's play tuber pipe and drying area's bottom intercommunication, dehumidification heat pump set's air-supply line passes through the top intercommunication of fan and drying area.
Preferably, the top of the drying area is provided with an air collecting cover, and an air inlet pipe of the dehumidification heat pump unit is communicated with the air collecting cover; the dehumidification heat pump units are arranged on two sides of the drying area in a staggered mode, the two dehumidification heat pump units arranged in a staggered mode are one group, the air inlet pipe of each dehumidification heat pump unit is connected with the same fan, and the fans are double air outlet machines.
Preferably, a plurality of groups of dehumidifying heat pump units which are arranged in a staggered mode are arranged along the length direction of the drying area.
The utility model discloses an useful part lies in: 1. the utility model discloses a drying-machine is closed dehumidification drying-machine, can furthest reduce the drying area and external air exchange and contact to reach inner loop closed stoving, dewaters the dehumidification through the moisture that dehumidification heat pump set produced in with the stoving process, reduces air humidity, and the entering drying area is dried again after carrying out the heating; 2. The internal circulation closed drying can avoid the influence of external environment on the dryer (the humidity is higher in rainy days and foggy days), so that the drying quality is more stable; 3. the dryer is provided with a plurality of layers of conveying net belts, hot air is introduced from the lowermost layer of the dryer, the temperature is gradually reduced in the process of upward circulation of the hot air, a variable-temperature drying area with gradually increased temperature from top to bottom is formed inside the drying area, the materials are dried in a multi-temperature area, and the quality of dried finished products is ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-a feeding area; 2-a drying zone; 3-an air inlet pipe; 4-a fan; 5-a dehumidifying heat pump unit; 6-air outlet pipe; 7-a conveyor belt; 8-vertical partition plate; 9-an air inlet of the drying area; 10-a wind collecting cover; 12-a wind bin; 13-static pressure box.
Detailed Description
The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an air energy dryer and a drying system, which takes the treatment of pepper as an example and can be used for treating other agricultural products as required; the dryer can be used together with withering equipment to dry materials, and can also be used independently as independent drying equipment.
As shown in fig. 1-3, an air energy dryer is provided, which includes a feeding area 1 and a drying area 2 communicated therewith, wherein a plurality of layers of conveying mesh belts 7 are arranged in the drying area 2, six layers of conveying mesh belts 7 are preferably arranged in the utility model, the conveying mesh belts 7 are in S-shaped conveying from top to bottom, the lowest layer of the conveying mesh belts 7 and the bottom of the drying area 2 form an air bin 12, and the conveying end of the conveying mesh belts 7 is connected with a discharge port; the drying area 2 is arranged in a closed manner, so that the influence of the external environment is avoided, and the stability of the drying quality is ensured.
2 outsides in drying zone set up dehumidification heat pump set 5, the 12 intercommunications in the wind storehouse of air-out pipe 6 and drying zone 2 of dehumidification heat pump set 5, blow in hot-blast bottom from drying zone 2, hot-blast through material upwards circulation layer upon layer to in-process temperature that upwards circulates gradually reduces gradually, the low high multi-temperature zone of height in drying zone 2 internal natural formation, when guaranteeing that the material from top to bottom moves, be from the low temperature section to the high temperature section transition gradually, temperature sudden rise can not appear, lead to the cracked condition of material.
An air inlet pipe 3 of the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is communicated with an air collecting cover 10 through a fan 4, and the air collecting cover 10 is arranged at the top of the drying area 2 and communicated with the drying area 2; and the inner wall of the top of the drying area 2 is provided with a heat insulation plate. After the air with moisture in the drying area 2 is extracted from the air collecting cover 10 by the fan 4, the air is sent into the dehumidifying heat pump unit 5 for dehumidifying, the dried moisture is removed and then heated to a specified temperature, and the air is blown into the wind cabin 12, so that the circulating operation is realized.
And a heat balance system is arranged in the dehumidification heat pump unit 5, and comprises a cooling tower and a controller. The dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is internally provided with a compressor and other parts (the prior art is not repeated), a high-temperature preset value can be preset by a controller, when the temperature of hot air entering from an air inlet pipe 3 of the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 reaches a control upper deviation of a set value, the controller controls an electric valve to work, the electric valve is connected with a constant-temperature radiator in the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 through an inlet pipe network and an outlet pipe network, the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is cooled, heat in the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is taken out, and the temperature in the drying area 2 is kept at the set value all the time; when the temperature of hot air entering from the air inlet pipe 3 of the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 reaches a set value and is controlled to be deviated, the electric valve is closed, the temperature is prevented from being controlled by starting and stopping the compressor, and therefore the heat pump compressor is guaranteed to work continuously and uninterruptedly, and the dehumidification effect of the dehumidification heat pump is guaranteed.
As shown in fig. 3, be the utility model discloses a top view, dehumidification heat pump set 5 is along material transmission direction staggered arrangement, and two staggered arrangement's dehumidification heat pump set 5 are a set of, a set of dehumidification heat pump set 5's air-supply line 3 connect same fan 4, fan 4 is two air-out fans. Two air-out fans can arrange drying zone air intake 9 in the both sides of drying zone for the hot-blast both sides that can follow drying zone 2 that blows out from dehumidification heat pump set 5 blow in the crisscross, enlarge the area of drying, set up multiunit staggered arrangement's dehumidification heat pump set 5 along the material transmission direction, thereby guarantee the length of drying.
The dehumidification heat pump unit 5 and the air outlet pipe 6 are arranged in a static pressure box 13, the static pressure box 13 is connected with the drying area 2, a vertical partition plate 8 is arranged between the static pressure box 13 and the drying area 2 for separation, and an air inlet 9 of the drying area is arranged on the lower side of the vertical partition plate 8. The dehumidification heat pump unit 5 and the air outlet pipe 6 are arranged in the static pressure box 13, so that the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is prevented from being exposed outside, the sealing performance of the whole machine equipment is further improved, and the whole dryer is simpler and more attractive.
The utility model provides an air can drying system also can the exclusive use, or combine other devices to use together, an air can drying system, including drying area 2, 2 closed settings in drying area, the outside of drying area 2 sets up dehumidification heat pump set 5, the bottom intercommunication of air-out pipe 6 and drying area 2 of dehumidification heat pump set 5, the air-supply line 3 of dehumidification heat pump set 5 passes through the top intercommunication of fan 4 with drying area 2. It can be understood that, the air can drying system blows in hot-blast from the bottom of drying zone 2 through dehumidification heat pump set 5, and hot-blast in-process that upwards flows is cooled down gradually, forms the multi-temperature region that the temperature is low high from top to bottom in drying zone 2, guarantees that the material carries out the stoving of multi-temperature region in drying zone 2, satisfies the stoving demand of material.
The top of the drying area 2 is provided with an air collecting cover 10, and an air inlet pipe 3 of the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is communicated with the air collecting cover 10; the dehumidification heat pump units 5 are arranged on two sides of the drying area 2 in a staggered mode, the two dehumidification heat pump units 5 arranged in a staggered mode are in a group, the air inlet pipe 3 of each dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is connected with the same fan 4, and the fans 4 are double air outlet fans. After the hot gas in the drying area 2 is taken out by the fan 4, the hot gas is respectively sent into the dehumidifying heat pump units 5 which are arranged in a staggered way from the two sides of the drying area 2 for dehumidifying, and then is heated to the specified temperature again, and is blown in from the bottom of the drying area 2 to form circulating drying. Along the length direction of the drying area 2, a plurality of groups of dehumidifying heat pump units 5 which are arranged in a staggered mode are arranged, and the drying length is guaranteed.
The specific working mode is as follows: the utility model takes the drying of the Chinese prickly ash as an example, when the Chinese prickly ash is gradually conveyed to the upper part of the drying area 2 from the feeding area 1, is S-shaped conveyed from top to bottom in the drying area 2 and is finally conveyed out from the lower part of the drying area 2; during the process of conveying the peppers in the drying area 2, the dehumidifying heat pump unit 5 works, hot air is introduced from the lowest side air bin 12 of the drying area 2, moves from bottom to top, and is naturally cooled during the movement process, and a multi-temperature area with the temperature being lower at the top and higher at the bottom is formed in the drying area 2; meanwhile, the fan 4 works, hot air in the drying area 2 is pumped out and then conveyed to the dehumidification heat pump unit 5, the hot air (with dried moisture) after being pumped out is subjected to dehumidification treatment, and if the temperature of the hot air after dehumidification does not reach the standard, the hot air is heated and then introduced into the air bin 12 again for circulation operation; if the temperature of the hot air extracted from the drying area 2 is higher than a set value, the controller controls the electric valve to work to cool, and the compressor in the dehumidification heat pump unit 5 is ensured to work continuously.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments, it should be noted that the above preferred embodiments should not be considered as limitations of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention should be limited by the scope defined by the claims. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and improvements can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and such modifications and improvements should be considered within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. An air energy dryer, includes material loading district (1) and drying zone (2) rather than the intercommunication, its characterized in that: a plurality of layers of conveying mesh belts (7) are arranged in the drying zone (2), the conveying mesh belts (7) are conveyed in an S shape from top to bottom, the lowermost layer of the conveying mesh belts (7) and the bottom of the drying zone (2) form a wind cabin (12), and the conveying tail ends of the conveying mesh belts (7) are connected with a discharge port; drying zone (2) closed setting, drying zone (2) outside sets up dehumidification heat pump set (5), the play tuber pipe (6) of dehumidification heat pump set (5) and the wind storehouse (12) intercommunication of drying zone (2), air-supply line (3) of dehumidification heat pump set (5) are through fan (4) and air-collecting cover (10) intercommunication, air-collecting cover (10) set up at the top of drying zone (2), with drying zone (2) intercommunication.
2. The air energy dryer of claim 1, wherein: dehumidification heat pump set (5) are along material transmission direction staggered arrangement, and two staggered arrangement's dehumidification heat pump set (5) are a set of, and are a set of same fan (4) is connected in air-supply line (3) of dehumidification heat pump set (5), fan (4) are two air-out machines.
3. The air energy dryer of claim 2, wherein: a plurality of groups of dehumidifying heat pump units (5) which are arranged in a staggered way are arranged along the material transmission direction.
4. The air energy dryer of claim 1, wherein: the heat pump dehumidification unit (5) is internally provided with a heat balance system, the heat balance system comprises a cooling tower and a controller, and the cooling tower is connected with a constant temperature radiator in the heat pump dehumidification unit (5) through a water inlet pipe network and a water outlet pipe network.
5. The air energy dryer of claim 1, wherein: the dehumidification heat pump unit (5) and the air outlet pipe (6) are arranged in the static pressure box (13), the static pressure box (13) is connected with the drying area (2), and a vertical partition plate (8) is arranged between the static pressure box (13) and the drying area (2).
6. An air energy drying system comprising a drying zone (2), characterized in that: drying area (2) closed setting, the outside of drying area (2) sets up dehumidification heat pump set (5), the bottom intercommunication of air-out pipe (6) and drying area (2) of dehumidification heat pump set (5), the top intercommunication of fan (4) and drying area (2) is passed through in air-supply line (3) of dehumidification heat pump set (5).
7. The air energy drying system of claim 6, wherein: the top of the drying area (2) is provided with an air collecting cover (10), and an air inlet pipe (3) of the dehumidification heat pump unit (5) is communicated with the air collecting cover (10); dehumidification heat pump set (5) staggered arrangement is in the both sides of drying zone (2), and two staggered arrangement's dehumidification heat pump set (5) are a set of, a set of dehumidification heat pump set (5) air-supply line (3) connect same fan (4), fan (4) are two air-out machines.
8. The air energy drying system of claim 7, wherein: along the length direction of the drying area (2), a plurality of groups of dehumidifying heat pump units (5) which are arranged in a staggered mode are arranged.
CN202021065503.4U 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Air energy dryer and drying system Active CN212431667U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021065503.4U CN212431667U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Air energy dryer and drying system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021065503.4U CN212431667U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Air energy dryer and drying system

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN212431667U true CN212431667U (en) 2021-01-29

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CN202021065503.4U Active CN212431667U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Air energy dryer and drying system

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113154850A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-07-23 安徽欧瑞达电器科技有限公司 Brick tea drying system based on 5G can automatic humidification
CN113503695A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-10-15 四川洁能干燥设备有限责任公司 Method for quickly and dynamically drying materials and dynamic dryer
CN114383406A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-04-22 杭州姚生记食品有限公司 Dynamic circulation drying device and method for hickory nut
CN115560574A (en) * 2022-10-14 2023-01-03 青岛理工大学 Rhizome class traditional chinese medicine drying equipment
CN115585641A (en) * 2022-10-27 2023-01-10 广州凯能电器科技有限公司 Drying equipment

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113154850A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-07-23 安徽欧瑞达电器科技有限公司 Brick tea drying system based on 5G can automatic humidification
CN113154850B (en) * 2021-04-08 2022-06-21 安徽欧瑞达电器科技有限公司 Brick tea drying system based on 5G can automatic humidification
CN113503695A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-10-15 四川洁能干燥设备有限责任公司 Method for quickly and dynamically drying materials and dynamic dryer
CN114383406A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-04-22 杭州姚生记食品有限公司 Dynamic circulation drying device and method for hickory nut
CN115560574A (en) * 2022-10-14 2023-01-03 青岛理工大学 Rhizome class traditional chinese medicine drying equipment
CN115560574B (en) * 2022-10-14 2023-12-15 青岛理工大学 Rhizome class traditional chinese medicine drying equipment
CN115585641A (en) * 2022-10-27 2023-01-10 广州凯能电器科技有限公司 Drying equipment

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GR01 Patent grant
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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20211115

Address after: 611600 No.88 Yingbin Avenue, Shouan Town, Pujiang County, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

Patentee after: Chengdu Jieneng drying equipment Co., Ltd

Address before: Room 1902, 19th floor, unit 1, building 1, 401 Sheng'an street, high tech Zone, Chengdu, Sichuan 610000

Patentee before: Sichuan Jieneng drying equipment Co., Ltd