CN212275271U - Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration - Google Patents

Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212275271U
CN212275271U CN202021053753.6U CN202021053753U CN212275271U CN 212275271 U CN212275271 U CN 212275271U CN 202021053753 U CN202021053753 U CN 202021053753U CN 212275271 U CN212275271 U CN 212275271U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sampling
flat plate
geological exploration
motor
rotating
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202021053753.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
干晓锐
王祥邦
庄淑娜
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Yunnan Vocational Institute Of Energy Technology
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Yunnan Vocational Institute Of Energy Technology
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Priority to CN202021053753.6U priority Critical patent/CN212275271U/en
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Publication of CN212275271U publication Critical patent/CN212275271U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an electric rotary type sampling device for geological exploration, including dull and stereotyped and many pole settings, all install elevating system in the every pole setting, the lower extreme of every pole setting all is connected with the stabilizer blade through the hinge rotation, dull and stereotyped middle part is rotated through the bearing and is connected with the commentaries on classics pipe, install driven gear on the commentaries on classics pipe, first motor is installed to dull and stereotyped top, install the driving gear on the first motor, there is the screw rod through threaded connection in the commentaries on classics pipe, the lower extreme of screw rod rotates and is connected with the mounting panel, the mounting panel below is connected with the rotary drum, the rotary drum from the top down includes the top cap in proper order, a plurality of connecting cylinders and turn round, the inside cover of rotary drum is equipped with the sampling cylinder, the internal diameter of sampling cylinder is the same with the internal diameter of turning round, the opening end. The utility model discloses operate steadily, safe and reliable, the sample depth is adjustable, has apparent economic value and social value.

Description

Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a geological exploration technical field, concretely relates to geological exploration is with electronic rotation type sampling device.
Background
The geological exploration is to survey and detect geology by various means and methods, determine a proper bearing stratum, determine a foundation type according to the foundation bearing capacity of the bearing stratum, calculate the investigation and research activities of basic parameters, find an industrially significant mineral deposit in the mineral product general survey, provide mineral product reserves and geological data required by mine construction design for finding out the quality and quantity of the mineral product and the technical conditions of mining and utilization, and investigate the geological conditions such as rocks, strata, structures, mineral products, hydrology, landforms and the like in a certain area.
Need carry out sample analysis to the stratum rock core when geological exploration, when adopting traditional artifical sample, the area that needs to excavate is great, can destroy peripheral vegetation, and because deep soil property pressure and viscidity's the reason, the excavation dynamics also can not reach the requirement, uses electric rotary sampling device to sample now more, but electric rotary sampling device still has following problem for the address exploration on the existing market: firstly, the device is unstable in operation in the sampling process and is easy to generate play; secondly, the device is not provided with a structure for adjusting the sampling depth, the sampling depth cannot be adjusted according to the requirements of users, the sampling can be carried out only at a fixed soil layer depth, and the application range of the device is limited; and a structure convenient to fix is not arranged on the device, so that the device is easy to incline when in use, has certain potential safety hazard, is easy to damage and shortens the service life of the device. Therefore, it is objective to develop an electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration, which has stable operation, safety, reliability and adjustable sampling depth.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an operate steadily, safe and reliable, the electronic rotation type sampling device is used in geological exploration of sample depth adjustable.
The utility model aims at realizing the purpose, which comprises a flat plate and a plurality of vertical rods, wherein the flat plate is horizontally arranged, a plurality of vertical circumferences of the vertical rods are evenly distributed on the lower surface of the flat plate, each vertical rod is provided with a lifting mechanism, the lower end of each vertical rod is rotatably connected with a support leg through a hinge, the lower part of the vertical rod is hinged with a diagonal support, the support leg is evenly provided with a plurality of grooves matched with the diagonal support, the middle part of the flat plate is processed with a round hole, the round hole is rotatably connected with a rotating pipe through a bearing, the rotating pipes above and below the flat plate are respectively provided with a driven gear, the upper part of the flat plate is provided with a first motor through a mounting frame, the output shaft of the first motor is penetratingly arranged on the flat plate and is slidably connected with the flat plate, the output shaft of the first motor is provided with driving, the middle part of mounting panel lower surface is rotated through the connecting rod and is connected with the rotary drum, the rotary drum from the top down includes the top cap in proper order, a plurality of connecting cylinders and turn round, between top cap and the connecting cylinder, between two adjacent connecting cylinders and between connecting cylinder and the turn round all through threaded connection, install the ring gear on being located the connecting cylinder at top, be provided with the second motor on the mounting panel lower surface of connecting rod both sides, be provided with the running gear with ring gear engaged with on the output shaft of second motor, the inside cover of rotary drum is equipped with the open sampling tube of the sealed lower extreme in upper end, the internal diameter of sampling tube is the same with the internal diameter of turn round, the opening end of sampling tube is provided with outside extension's horizontal hem, horizontal hem is located between the lower extreme of connecting cylinder at bottom.
Furthermore, the lower part of each vertical rod is provided with a balancing weight.
Furthermore, auxiliary nails are arranged on the supporting legs.
Furthermore, two guide rods are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate, and the upper ends of the guide rods penetrate through the flat plate and then are positioned above the flat plate.
Furthermore, the lower end surface of the rotating head is a conical surface with a small upper end and a large lower end, and a plurality of helical teeth are uniformly distributed on the conical surface along the circumference.
Furthermore, the middle part of the sealed end of the sampling tube is provided with an air vent, and the top cover is obliquely provided with an air outlet communicated with the air vent.
Further, be provided with the sampling plate in the sampling tube, the edge of sampling plate has a plurality of archs along the circumference equipartition, and vertical processing has many and protruding matched with spout on the inner wall of sampling tube.
The utility model has the advantages that: firstly, the rotary drum is formed by connecting a plurality of parts through threads, and when the rotary drum is actually used, connecting cylinders with corresponding quantity can be installed according to the requirement of sampling depth, so that the length of the whole rotary drum meets the requirement of the sampling depth, the sampling depth can be adjusted according to the requirement of a user through the connection mode, the installation and the use are more convenient, and the application range of the device is larger; secondly, the device is provided with the upright posts and the support legs, so that the stability of the device in the sampling process can be ensured, the device is not easy to incline, the device is prevented from being damaged due to toppling, workers can be prevented from being injured, and the device is safer and more reliable; thirdly, in the sampling process of the device, the first motor provides downward pressure, and the second motor drives the rotary drum to rotate, so that the sampling process is stable, no external force is applied manually, time and labor are saved, and the labor intensity of operators is reduced; and fourthly, the sampling cylinder is arranged in the rotary cylinder, the whole sampling cylinder can be extracted by loosening the rotary head after sampling is finished, the sampling operation can be continued by replacing a new sampling cylinder in time, the field sampling operation is not delayed, and the working efficiency is higher. The utility model discloses operate steadily, safe and reliable, the sample depth is adjustable, has apparent economic value and social value.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a middle rotating drum and a sampling tube 20 according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the sampling cylinder 20 and the sampling plate 28 of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-flat plate, 2-vertical rod, 3-lifting mechanism, 4-support leg, 5-inclined strut, 6-bearing, 7-rotary tube, 8-driven gear, 9-first motor, 10-driving gear, 11-screw rod, 12-mounting plate, 13-connecting rod, 14-top cover, 15-connecting cylinder, 16-rotary head, 17-gear ring, 18-second motor, 19-rotary gear, 20-sampling cylinder, 21-horizontal hem, 22-balancing weight, 23-auxiliary nail, 24-guide rod, 25-inclined tooth, 26-air hole, 27-air outlet hole, 28-sampling plate and 29-bulge.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited in any way, and any changes or improvements based on the present invention are all within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1-3, the utility model comprises a flat plate 1 and a plurality of vertical rods 2, the flat plate 1 is horizontally arranged, the vertical circumferences of the vertical rods 2 are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the flat plate 1, each vertical rod 2 is provided with a lifting mechanism 3, the lifting mechanism 3 is an existing component and can be selectively purchased and installed according to the use requirement, the lower end of each vertical rod 2 is rotatably connected with a support leg 4 through a hinge, the lower part of the vertical rod 2 is hinged with an inclined strut 5, the support leg 4 is uniformly provided with a plurality of grooves matched with the inclined strut 5, the middle part of the flat plate 1 is provided with a round hole, the round hole is rotatably connected with a rotating pipe 7 through a bearing 6, the rotating pipes 7 above and below the flat plate 1 are respectively provided with a driven gear 8, the upper part of the flat plate 1 is provided with a first motor 9 through an installation frame, the first motor 9 is an existing motor and can be selected according to parameters such as power, the, the output shaft of the first motor 9 is provided with a driving gear 10 which is respectively engaged with the two driven gears 8, a screw rod 11 is connected in the rotating pipe 7 through threads, the lower end of the screw rod 11 is rotatably connected with a mounting plate 12, the middle part of the lower surface of the mounting plate 12 is rotatably connected with a rotating drum through a connecting rod 13, the rotating drum sequentially comprises a top cover 14, a plurality of connecting cylinders 15 and a rotating head 16 from top to bottom, in order to reduce the use cost and prolong the service life, the top cover 14 and the connecting cylinders 15 can be made of common materials, the rotating head 16 only needs to be made of materials with high strength and hardness and good toughness and wear resistance, the top cover 14 and the connecting cylinders 15, the two adjacent connecting cylinders 15, the connecting cylinders 15 and the rotating head 16 are all connected through threads, the connecting cylinder 15 at the top is provided with a gear ring 17, the lower surfaces of the mounting plates 12 at two sides, the second motor 18 is the existing motor, according to the power isoparametric selective purchase, there is a rotating gear 19 engaging with gear ring 17 on the output shaft of the second motor 18, the inside of the rotary drum is fitted with the sealed open sample cylinder 20 of lower end of upper end, the bore diameter of the sample cylinder 20 is the same as bore diameter of the rotary head 16, the open end of the sample cylinder 20 is provided with the outwardly extended horizontal hem 21, the horizontal hem 21 locates between lower end of the bottom connecting cylinder 15 and upper end of the rotary head 16, clamp the horizontal hem 21 while screwing up the rotary head 16, thus fix the sample cylinder 20, prevent it from shaking in the sampling process, in the utility model, the screwing direction of the screw thread between the top cover 14 and the connecting cylinder 15, between two adjacent connecting cylinders 15, between connecting cylinder 15 and rotary head 16 is identical with the rotation direction of the rotary drum, when the rotary drum rotates, the threaded connection between each part will only be tightened more and more, the problem that the threads are loosened among all parts in the sampling process can be prevented.
The utility model discloses a use is: the whole device is transported to a sampling site, the support legs 4 are rotated to be attached to the ground, the support legs 4 are fixed through the inclined struts 5, the height of the vertical rods 2 is adjusted through the lifting mechanism 3 according to the requirement of the sampling depth, then the corresponding number of connecting cylinders 15 are installed, the top cover 14, the connecting cylinders 15, the sampling cylinders 20 and the rotating head 16 are sequentially assembled, the first motor 9 is started, the first motor 9 drives the driving gear 10 to rotate, the driving gear 10 drives the driven gear 8 and the rotating pipe 7 to rotate, the rotating pipe 7 drives the screw rod 11 to rotate, the screw rod 11 continuously moves downwards in the rotating process, a downward feeding force is provided for the rotating cylinder in the moving downwards process, the second motor 18 is started simultaneously, the second motor 18 drives the rotating gear 19 to rotate, the rotating gear 19 drives the gear ring 17 to rotate, the gear ring 17 drives the connecting cylinder 15 at the top to rotate, and accordingly the whole rotating cylinder is driven to rotate, therefore, the rotary drum can be continuously moved downwards in the rotating process until the sampling work is finished, the second motor 18 is turned off, the first motor 9 is reversely rotated to lift the rotary drum out, then the rotary head 16 is taken down, the sampling cylinder 20 is drawn out, and finally the soil is taken out of the sampling cylinder 20.
The rotary drum in the utility model is formed by connecting a plurality of parts through screw threads, and when in actual use, connecting cylinders 15 with corresponding quantity can be installed according to the requirement of sampling depth, so that the length of the whole rotary drum meets the requirement of sampling depth, the sampling depth can be adjusted according to the requirement of a user through the connection mode, the installation and the use are more convenient, and the application range of the device is larger; secondly, the plurality of upright posts 2 and the plurality of support legs 4 are arranged in the device, so that the stability of the device in the sampling process can be ensured, the device is not easy to incline, the device is prevented from being damaged due to toppling, workers can be prevented from being injured, and the device is safer and more reliable; in the sampling process of the device, the first motor 9 provides downward pressure, and the second motor 18 drives the rotary drum to rotate, so that the sampling process is stable, no external force is required to be applied manually, time and labor are saved, and the labor intensity of operators is reduced; finally, the sampling cylinder 20 in the device is arranged in the rotary cylinder, the whole sampling cylinder 20 can be extracted by loosening the rotary head after sampling is finished, the sampling operation can be continued by replacing a new sampling cylinder 20 in time, the field sampling operation is not delayed, and the working efficiency is higher.
Balancing weight 22 is all installed to the lower part of every pole setting 2, and when the sample depth was darker or soil density was great, the device needed bigger downfeed power could satisfy the sample requirement, and at this moment accessible installation balancing weight 22 improves device weight, guarantees going on smoothly of sample process.
When necessary, in order to improve the steadiness of this device, be provided with supplementary nail 23 on stabilizer blade 4, supplementary nail 23 is fixed subaerial, can guarantee that the device operation is more steady in the sample in-process.
In order to improve the stability of the rotating cylinder in the sampling process, two guide rods 24 are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate 12, and the upper ends of the guide rods 24 penetrate through the flat plate 1 and are positioned above the flat plate 1.
In order to improve the sampling efficiency of the rotary head 16, the lower end face of the rotary head 16 is a conical surface with a small upper end and a large lower end, a plurality of helical teeth 25 are uniformly distributed on the conical surface along the circumference, and the helical teeth 25 cut soil, so that the sampling efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the soil is favorably prevented from entering the sampling cylinder 20.
The middle part of the sealed end of the sampling tube 20 is provided with a vent hole 26, and the top cover 14 is provided with an air outlet 27 which is communicated with the vent hole 26 in an inclined way. This device is at the in-process of soil sampling, soil is continuous to enter into in the sampling tube 20 from the bottom of sampling tube 20, fill up whole sampling tube 20 gradually, at this in-process, the air in the sampling tube 20 probably has not come too late to discharge and is just stifled by soil, especially when the water content is great in the soil, the air is more difficult to discharge, so along with the going on of sample work, the air space in the sampling tube 20 constantly reduces, these air will produce bigger and bigger pressure, to a certain extent cause the resistance to the sample of soil, in order to avoid this kind of condition, the bleeder vent 26 and the venthole 27 that set up can communicate space and atmosphere in the sampling tube 20, stabilize the pressure in the sampling tube 20.
Be provided with sampling plate 28 in the sampling tube 20, the edge of sampling plate 28 has a plurality of archs 29 along the circumference equipartition, vertical processing has many spouts with protruding 29 matched with on the inner wall of sampling tube 20, in order can be more convenient take out the soil in the sampling tube 20, sampling plate 28 has been set up, when taking a sample, can insert a thin pole in the bleeder vent 26 of sampling tube 20, then push sampling plate 28 by force, sampling plate 28 just can push out soil in the sampling tube 20 at the removal in-process, the cooperation of protruding 29 and spout can make sampling plate 28 more smooth and easy when removing in sampling tube 20.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an electronic rotation type sampling device for prospecting which characterized in that: the lifting device comprises a flat plate (1) and a plurality of upright rods (2), wherein the flat plate (1) is horizontally arranged, the vertical circumferences of the upright rods (2) are uniformly distributed on the lower surface of the flat plate (1), a lifting mechanism (3) is arranged on each upright rod (2), the lower end of each upright rod (2) is rotatably connected with a support leg (4) through a hinge, the lower part of each upright rod (2) is hinged with an inclined strut (5), a plurality of grooves matched with the inclined struts (5) are uniformly distributed on the support legs (4), a round hole is processed in the middle of the flat plate (1), a rotating pipe (7) is rotatably connected in the round hole through a bearing (6), driven gears (8) are respectively arranged on the rotating pipes (7) above and below the flat plate (1), a first motor (9) is arranged above the flat plate (1) through a mounting frame, and an output shaft of the first motor (9) is penetratingly arranged on the flat plate (1), the output shaft of the first motor (9) is provided with a driving gear (10) which is respectively engaged with the two driven gears (8), the rotating pipe (7) is internally connected with a screw rod (11) through threads, the lower end of the screw rod (11) is rotatably connected with a mounting plate (12), the middle part of the lower surface of the mounting plate (12) is rotatably connected with a rotating drum through a connecting rod (13), the rotating drum sequentially comprises a top cover (14), a plurality of connecting cylinders (15) and a rotating head (16) from top to bottom, the top cover (14) and the connecting cylinders (15), the two adjacent connecting cylinders (15) and the connecting cylinders (15) are connected through threads, the connecting cylinders (15) at the top are provided with a gear ring (17), the lower surfaces of the mounting plates (12) at two sides of the connecting rod (13) are provided with second motors (18), the output shaft of the second motors (18) is provided with rotating gears (19) engaged with the gear ring (17), the inside cover of rotary drum is equipped with sealed lower extreme open sampling tube (20) of upper end, and the internal diameter of sampling tube (20) is the same with the internal diameter of turn (16), and the open end of sampling tube (20) is provided with outside extension's horizontal hem (21), horizontal hem (21) are located between the lower extreme of bottommost connecting cylinder (15) and the upper end of turn (16).
2. An electric rotary sampler for geological exploration, as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the lower part of each vertical rod (2) is fitted with a counterweight (22).
3. An electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration, according to claim 1, characterized in that said supporting foot (4) is provided with auxiliary spikes (23).
4. The electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration according to claim 1, characterized in that two guide rods (24) are symmetrically arranged on the mounting plate (12), and the upper ends of the guide rods (24) pass through the flat plate (1) and then are positioned above the flat plate (1).
5. The electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower end surface of the rotary head (16) is a conical surface with a small upper end and a large lower end, and a plurality of helical teeth (25) are uniformly distributed on the conical surface along the circumference.
6. The electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration according to claim 1, characterized in that the middle of the sealed end of the sampling tube (20) is provided with a vent hole (26), and the top cover (14) is obliquely provided with an air outlet hole (27) communicated with the vent hole (26).
7. The electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration according to claim 1, characterized in that a sampling plate (28) is arranged in the sampling cylinder (20), a plurality of protrusions (29) are uniformly distributed on the edge of the sampling plate (28) along the circumference, and a plurality of sliding grooves matched with the protrusions (29) are vertically processed on the inner wall of the sampling cylinder (20).
CN202021053753.6U 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration Expired - Fee Related CN212275271U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021053753.6U CN212275271U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021053753.6U CN212275271U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212275271U true CN212275271U (en) 2021-01-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021053753.6U Expired - Fee Related CN212275271U (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Electric rotary sampling device for geological exploration

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CN (1) CN212275271U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112881088A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-06-01 河北建筑工程学院 Collector suitable for river sediment sample collection

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112881088A (en) * 2021-01-28 2021-06-01 河北建筑工程学院 Collector suitable for river sediment sample collection
CN112881088B (en) * 2021-01-28 2023-01-24 河北建筑工程学院 Collector suitable for river sediment sample collection

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Granted publication date: 20210101