CN212274308U - Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well - Google Patents

Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212274308U
CN212274308U CN202020554087.8U CN202020554087U CN212274308U CN 212274308 U CN212274308 U CN 212274308U CN 202020554087 U CN202020554087 U CN 202020554087U CN 212274308 U CN212274308 U CN 212274308U
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China
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well
pipe
water
heat
geothermal
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CN202020554087.8U
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Inventor
焦敏
陈章乐
付鹏
王鹏
黄明薇
贾颖芳
王伟玉
梁迎凯
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Hebei Huanjie Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Hebei Huanjie Energy Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing a deep geothermal well, which comprises a geothermal well body drilled below the ground, wherein a heat exchange pipeline for exchanging geothermal water is arranged inside the geothermal well body, the heat exchange pipeline comprises a water feeding pipe and a water return pipe, and the water return pipe is sleeved inside the water feeding pipe; the geothermal well body sequentially comprises a well chamber, an inner well and a bottom well from top to bottom along the vertical direction; the internal wall of geothermal well still is provided with the well casing, and the well casing includes well room well casing, well casing and shaft bottom well casing in, and well room well casing, well casing and shaft bottom well casing correspond respectively and set up in the inner wall of well room, interior well and end well, the utility model is suitable for a groundwater gets heat, and this heat transfer mechanism's setting can take out the heat energy of groundwater under the condition that does not extract groundwater, so do not have unable realization recharge problem, also do not have the condition of illegal blowdown, and the heat energy of just taking out can be used for heating, reduces current heating pressure.

Description

Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of deep groundwater gets heat, specifically a utilize deep geothermal well to get heat and do not get heat transfer mechanism of water.
Background
The heat pump heating is widely applied in the regions to the north of the Huaihe river in China, and the water source heat pump is selected and applied by more people in the regions where the water source is satisfied due to high heat efficiency, smaller land occupation of the construction than the soil source heat pump and low cost, but in recent years, the tax department executes the requirements of relevant laws and regulations to close deep geothermal wells, so that part of the cells cannot be heated, the load of a heating company is not satisfied after the urban central heating is carried out, the temperature of outlet water is not sufficient, and the heating quality of residents cannot be guaranteed;
the main reason for shutting down the deep geothermal well is that the existing deep geothermal well can extract underground water while taking heat, and cannot be legally recharged to a water taking layer, so that water resource waste is caused, and the phenomenon of illegal sewage discharge exists in the extracted underground water.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome prior art's defect, provide an utilize deep geothermal well to get heat and do not get the heat transfer mechanism of water.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing a deep geothermal well comprises a geothermal well body drilled below the ground, wherein a heat exchange pipeline for exchanging geothermal water is arranged in the geothermal well body and comprises a water supply pipe and a water return pipe, and the water return pipe is sleeved in the water supply pipe;
the geothermal well body sequentially comprises a well chamber, an inner well and a bottom well from top to bottom along the vertical direction;
the geothermal well body inner wall still is provided with the well casing, the well casing includes well room well casing, well casing and shaft bottom well casing, wherein, the well room well casing and shaft bottom well casing correspond respectively set up in the well room the inner well and the inner wall of bottom well.
Preferably, the water return pipe is a PE plastic pipe with an opening at the bottom, the water feeding pipe is a metal pipe with a closed bottom, a gap is formed between the bottom of the water return pipe and an inner bottom plate of the water feeding pipe, and the water feeding pipe is communicated with the inside of the water return pipe through the gap.
Preferably, the well chamber and the inner wall of the inner well are both coated with well walls, the well walls are arranged between the inner wall of the well chamber and the outer wall of a well casing of the well chamber and between the inner wall of the inner well and the outer wall of the well casing in the well, and the well walls are of a concrete pouring structure.
Preferably, the diameter of the well chamber is larger than that of the inner well, and a conical slope surface structure is adopted at the connecting position of the well chamber and the inner well.
Preferably, the well chamber well pipe and the well pipe are metal well pipes with closed side walls, and the well bottom well pipe is a water-filtering metal well pipe.
Preferably, a spiral sheet is arranged between the outer wall of the water return pipe and the inner wall of the water feeding pipe, and a spiral-structured flow guide channel is formed in a space between the water return pipe and the water feeding pipe through the spiral sheet.
Preferably, a plurality of supporting rods for assisting in fixing the water return pipe are further arranged between the outer wall of the water return pipe and the inner wall of the water feeding pipe.
The heat exchange mechanism can take out heat energy in underground water under the condition of not pumping underground water, so that the problem that recharge cannot be realized and illegal pollution discharge cannot be realized, the taken out heat energy can be used for heating, the existing heating pressure is reduced, and meanwhile, deep geothermal heat belongs to clean energy, so that the heat exchange mechanism is energy-saving and environment-friendly;
the utility model discloses in, be provided with the flight between the outer wall of this heat transfer mechanism's wet return and the inner wall of flow pipe, make space between wet return and the flow pipe form a helical structure's water conservancy diversion passageway through the flight, such structure setting makes when the medium is by flow pipe top flow direction wet return below, the medium prolongs the flow path of heat transfer portion in the wet return, can promote the mobile formula heat transfer route of medium, makes medium heat exchange efficiency higher, and this kind of helical structure's water conservancy diversion passageway makes the difficult palirrhea phenomenon of medium simultaneously the utility model discloses a heat transfer mechanism is a heat transfer mechanism.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not water by using a deep geothermal well of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not water by using a deep geothermal well of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a heat exchange pipeline structure in a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not water by using a deep geothermal well.
Reference numerals: 1. a well pipe; 101. a well casing; 102. a well casing inside the well; 103. a bottom hole casing; 2. a well wall; 3. a geothermal well body; 301. a well chamber; 302. an inner well; 303. a bottom well; 4. a heat exchange line; 401. a water supply pipe; 402. a water return pipe; 5. a strut; 6. a spiral sheet.
Detailed Description
The following will further describe a specific embodiment of a heat exchange mechanism using a deep geothermal well to obtain heat without taking water, with reference to fig. 1 to 3. The utility model relates to an utilize deep geothermal well to get heat and not get the description of water of heat transfer mechanism of water is not limited to following embodiment.
Example 1:
in this embodiment, a specific structure of a heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by using a deep geothermal well is provided, as shown in fig. 1-2, where an arrow direction in fig. 2 is a flow direction of a heat exchange medium, and includes a geothermal well body 3 drilled below the ground, a heat exchange pipeline 4 for exchanging geothermal water is disposed inside the geothermal well body 3, the heat exchange pipeline 4 includes a water supply pipe 401 and a water return pipe 402, and the water return pipe 402 is sleeved inside the water supply pipe 401;
the geothermal well body 3 sequentially comprises a well chamber 301, an inner well 302 and a bottom well 303 from top to bottom along the vertical direction;
the well casing 1 is further arranged on the inner wall of the geothermal well body 3, the well casing 1 comprises a well chamber well casing 101, a well inside casing 102 and a well bottom casing 103, wherein the well chamber well casing 101, the well inside casing 102 and the well bottom casing 103 are respectively and correspondingly arranged on the inner walls of a well chamber 301, an inner well 302 and a bottom well 303.
The water return pipe 402 is a PE plastic pipe with an opening at the bottom, the water feeding pipe 401 is a metal pipe with a closed bottom, a gap is formed between the bottom of the water return pipe 402 and an inner bottom plate of the water feeding pipe 401, and the water feeding pipe 401 and the water return pipe 402 are communicated with each other through the gap.
The inner walls of the well chamber 301 and the inner well 302 are both coated with well walls 2, the well walls 2 are arranged between the inner wall of the well chamber 301 and the outer wall of the well chamber well pipe 101 and between the inner wall of the inner well 302 and the outer wall of the well pipe 102, and the well walls 2 are of a concrete pouring structure.
The diameter of well chamber 301 is greater than the diameter of inner well 302, and the position of well chamber 301 and inner well 302 connection adopts the domatic structure of toper.
The well casing 101 and the well casing 102 are metal casing pipes with closed side walls, and the well casing 103 is a water-filtered metal casing pipe.
By adopting the technical scheme:
when the heat exchange mechanism of the deep geothermal well for taking heat but not taking water is started, a low-temperature medium for heat exchange enters a water supply pipe 401, then flows to the bottom of the water supply pipe 401 from the upper part of the water supply pipe 401, and exchanges heat with the geothermal water in the geothermal well body 3 below the water supply pipe 401 to increase the temperature of the medium, enters a water return pipe 402 after the temperature of the medium is increased, flows back to the upper part of the water return pipe 402 from the lower part of the water return pipe 402, and finally takes heat through a heat exchanger for use, so that the process that the geothermal well does not take heat but does not take water is realized;
the arrangement of the heat exchange mechanism can take out the heat energy in the underground water under the condition of not pumping the underground water, so that the problem of incapability of realizing recharge does not exist, the condition of illegal pollution discharge does not exist, the taken out heat energy can be used for heating, the existing heating pressure is reduced, meanwhile, deep geothermal heat belongs to clean energy, and the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are achieved.
Example 2:
in this embodiment, a specific structure of a heat exchange mechanism that uses a deep geothermal well to obtain heat but not to obtain water is shown in fig. 3, a spiral sheet 6 is disposed between an outer wall of the water return pipe 402 and an inner wall of the water supply pipe 401, and a flow guide channel of a spiral structure is formed in a space between the water return pipe 402 and the water supply pipe 401 by the spiral sheet 6.
A plurality of supporting rods 5 for assisting in fixing the water return pipe 402 are further arranged between the outer wall of the water return pipe 402 and the inner wall of the water feeding pipe 401.
By adopting the technical scheme:
because be provided with flight 6 between the outer wall of wet return 402 and the inner wall of water pipe 401, make space between wet return 402 and the water pipe 401 form a helical structure's water conservancy diversion passageway through flight 6, such structure setting makes when the medium is by water pipe 401 top flow direction wet return 402 below, the medium is in wet return 402 internal heat transfer partial flow path extension, can promote the mobile heat transfer route of medium, make medium heat exchange efficiency higher, this kind of helical structure's water conservancy diversion passageway makes the difficult palirrhea phenomenon of medium simultaneously.
The foregoing is a more detailed description of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the specific preferred embodiments thereof, and it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific embodiments shown and described. To the utility model belongs to the technical field of ordinary technical personnel, do not deviate from the utility model discloses under the prerequisite of design, can also make a plurality of simple deductions or replacement, all should regard as belonging to the utility model discloses a protection scope.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an utilize heat transfer mechanism of deep geothermal well heat extraction not water, includes to bore and locates the geothermal well body (3) of below ground which characterized in that: a heat exchange pipeline (4) for exchanging geothermal water is arranged in the geothermal well body (3), the heat exchange pipeline (4) comprises a water supply pipe (401) and a water return pipe (402), and the water return pipe (402) is sleeved in the water supply pipe (401);
the geothermal well body (3) sequentially comprises a well chamber (301), an inner well (302) and a bottom well (303) from top to bottom along the vertical direction;
the inner wall of the geothermal well body (3) is further provided with a well pipe (1), the well pipe (1) comprises a well chamber well pipe (101), an inner well pipe (102) and a bottom well pipe (103), wherein the well chamber well pipe (101), the inner well pipe (102) and the bottom well pipe (103) are correspondingly arranged on the inner wall of the well chamber (301), the inner well (302) and the bottom well (303) respectively.
2. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 1, is characterized in that: the water return pipe (402) is a PE plastic pipe with an opening at the bottom, the water feeding pipe (401) is a metal pipe with a closed bottom, a gap is formed between the bottom of the water return pipe (402) and an inner bottom plate of the water feeding pipe (401), and the water feeding pipe (401) and the water return pipe (402) are communicated with each other through the gap.
3. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 1, is characterized in that: well chamber (301) with the inner wall of interior well (302) all wraps the wall of a well (2), the wall of a well (2) are in between the inner wall of well chamber (301) and the outer wall of well chamber well pipe (101) and between the inner wall of interior well (302) and the outer wall of well casing (102), the wall of a well (2) adopt concrete placement structure.
4. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 1, is characterized in that: the diameter of the well chamber (301) is larger than that of the inner well (302), and a conical slope surface structure is adopted at the connecting position of the well chamber (301) and the inner well (302).
5. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 1, is characterized in that: the well chamber well pipe (101) and the well pipe (102) adopt metal well pipes with closed side walls, and the well bottom well pipe (103) adopts a water-filtering type metal well pipe.
6. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 1, is characterized in that: a spiral sheet (6) is arranged between the outer wall of the water return pipe (402) and the inner wall of the water feeding pipe (401), and a spiral-structured flow guide channel is formed in the space between the water return pipe (402) and the water feeding pipe (401) through the spiral sheet (6).
7. The heat exchange mechanism for extracting heat and not extracting water by using the deep geothermal well as defined in claim 6, wherein: a plurality of supporting rods (5) used for assisting in fixing the water return pipe (402) are further arranged between the outer wall of the water return pipe (402) and the inner wall of the water feeding pipe (401).
CN202020554087.8U 2020-04-15 2020-04-15 Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well Active CN212274308U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020554087.8U CN212274308U (en) 2020-04-15 2020-04-15 Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020554087.8U CN212274308U (en) 2020-04-15 2020-04-15 Heat exchange mechanism for taking heat but not taking water by utilizing deep geothermal well

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212274308U true CN212274308U (en) 2021-01-01

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Country Status (1)

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