CN212241400U - Wood cutting equipment - Google Patents

Wood cutting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212241400U
CN212241400U CN202020255150.8U CN202020255150U CN212241400U CN 212241400 U CN212241400 U CN 212241400U CN 202020255150 U CN202020255150 U CN 202020255150U CN 212241400 U CN212241400 U CN 212241400U
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China
Prior art keywords
cutting
wood
assembly
timber
sliding
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CN202020255150.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
古晓丰
马翔
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Huizhou Huiliu Industrial Co ltd
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Huizhou Huiliu Industrial Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020255150.8U priority Critical patent/CN212241400U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a wood cutting technical field, in particular to wood cutting equipment. The cutting device comprises two groups of cutting mechanisms which are symmetrically arranged and an adjusting component which is arranged below the cutting mechanisms and can adjust the distance between the two groups of cutting mechanisms; the cutting mechanism comprises a clamping assembly and a cutting assembly. Through the symmetry set up two sets of centre gripping subassemblies and cutting assembly on adjusting part, two sets of cutting assembly cut the timber both ends simultaneously, improve production efficiency greatly, cutting assembly is through setting gradually two sets of cutting knives at the cutting direction, two sets of cutting knives cut ligneous first half and latter half respectively, the realization reduces the thrust impact to timber, the turn-ups phenomenon of timber because of the cutting appearance has been prevented, do not destroy the paint on timber surface, can spray earlier paint in the production of realization ligneous and carry out the mode of production that cuts again.

Description

Wood cutting equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a wood cutting technical field, in particular to wood cutting equipment.
Background
At present, wood is widely applied to production and life of people due to the convenience of processing and certain strength. In the wood working process, wood is generally cut by a wood cutting device so that wood of a larger size can be cut into smaller sizes as needed.
In current wood cutting equipment, by the radial tangential timber of cutting knife usually to once only cut off timber, when the cutting knife once cut off timber, especially when cutting the timber of cladding paint layer or wood skin, because the cutting output of cutting knife is great, can produce great tangential force along the cutting direction, consequently can cause ligneous play knife face to form the turn-ups, destroy the paint layer on timber surface, consequently can influence the quality of paint when the cutting has the timber of paint.
Therefore, in furniture manufacturers, wood is cut in a mode of firstly cutting and polishing and then painting, so that the processing efficiency is low, and the labor cost is increased.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses an invention aim at provides a wood cutting equipment, adopts the utility model provides a technical scheme has solved current wood cutting machine and can cause ligneous surely to cut out the face shape and form the turn-ups when once cutting off timber, destroys the problem on timber surface paint layer.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a wood cutting device, which comprises two groups of cutting mechanisms which are symmetrically arranged and an adjusting component (10) which is arranged below the cutting mechanisms and can adjust the space between the two groups of cutting mechanisms; the cutting mechanism comprises a clamping component (30) which can clamp the wood in the horizontal direction, and a cutting component (20) which can slide on the adjusting component (10) and cut off the wood; the cutting assembly (20) may sequentially cut the lower and upper halves of the lumber material in a sliding direction thereof.
Preferably, the adjusting assembly (10) comprises a sliding rail (13), an angle adjusting assembly (11) for installing the cutting mechanism, and a driving assembly (12) for driving the angle adjusting assembly (11) to slide along the sliding rail (12); the angle adjusting component (11) can adjust the angle of the cutting mechanism for cutting the end face of the wood.
Preferably, the cutting assembly (20) comprises a sliding plate (21) which is slidably arranged on the angle adjusting assembly (11), and two groups of cutting knives which are arranged along the sliding direction of the sliding plate (21); the two groups of cutting knives are positioned on the same vertical surface and are tangent in the vertical direction and are arranged in a staggered manner.
Preferably, the clamping assembly (30) comprises a stand (31) fixed on the angle adjusting assembly (11) and used for placing the timber and a clamping plate (33) capable of pressing and clamping the timber; and a pressing component (32) for driving the clamping plate (33) is fixed on the stand (31).
Preferably, the angle adjusting assembly (11) comprises a moving plate slidably arranged on the sliding rail (13), a rotating disc rotatably arranged on the moving plate, and a gear for driving the rotating disc to rotate; the turntable is formed with a tooth mesh with the gear.
Preferably, the stand (31) is provided with a fixed block (34) and a pushing component (35) which can enable the wood to abut against the side of the fixed block (34).
Preferably, the turntable is provided with a linear guide rail (14) and a displacement assembly (24) for driving the sliding plate (21) to slide along the linear guide rail (14).
Preferably, a protective cover for covering the cutting knife is fixed on the sliding plate (21); the protective cover is communicated with a material suction pipe.
Preferably, the displacement assembly (24) comprises a ball screw driven by a motor.
From the above, use the utility model provides a can obtain following beneficial effect: through the symmetry set up two sets of centre gripping subassemblies and cutting assembly on adjusting part, the centre gripping subassembly presss from both sides tightly timber in the horizontal direction and is cut off timber by cutting assembly, two sets of cutting assembly are the timber both ends of cutting simultaneously, the production efficiency is greatly improved, cutting assembly is through setting gradually two cutting knives at the cutting direction, two cutting knives are the first half and the latter half of cutting timber respectively, the realization reduces and strikes timber's shear force, divide twice cutting timber to prevent effectively that timber from because of the turn-ups phenomenon that the cutting appears, do not destroy the paint layer on timber surface, can spray earlier paint in the production of realization timber and carry out the production mode that cuts again, the production efficiency of cutting timber and the quality of cutting timber have been improved greatly, and the production cost is reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments of the present invention or the prior art will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive faculty.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a wood cutting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a top view of a wood cutting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a cutting mechanism of the wood cutting device according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a front view of a wood cutting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is the utility model discloses wood cutting equipment overall structure schematic diagram.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
In current wood cutting equipment, radially cut into timber by the cutting knife usually to once only cut off timber, when the cutting knife once cut off timber, because the cutting output of cutting knife is great, can produce great tangential force to timber along the cutting direction, consequently can cause ligneous play knife face to form the turn-ups, destroy the paint on timber surface, influence the quality of paint when consequently cutting has the timber of paint.
As shown in fig. 1-2, to solve the above technical problem, the present embodiment provides a wood cutting apparatus, which includes two sets of cutting mechanisms symmetrically disposed, and an adjusting assembly 10 disposed below the cutting mechanisms and capable of adjusting a distance between the cutting mechanisms.
The adjusting assembly 10 includes a slide rail 13, an angle adjusting assembly 11, and a driving assembly 12 for driving the angle adjusting assembly 11 to slide on the slide rail 13. The angle adjusting assembly 11 is used for installing the cutting mechanism and adjusting the cutting angle of the cutting mechanism. Wherein, angle adjusting part 11 has two sets ofly, and one of them angle adjusting part 11 is fixed in slide rail 13 one end, and another group angle adjusting part 11 slides and sets up on slide rail 13. The driving assembly 12 is a screw rod driven by a motor, a ball nut is fixed at the bottom of the angle adjusting assembly 11, so that the driving assembly 12 drives the angle adjusting assembly 11 to slide on the sliding rail 13, the cutting mechanism is installed on the angle adjusting assembly 11, the distance between the two sets of cutting mechanisms is adjusted through the adjusting assembly 10, and the wood 40 with different lengths is cut.
In timber actual production, because ligneous user demand, ligneous terminal surface waist forms certain angle, in order to can, adjust the angle of cutting mechanism cutting timber 40 terminal surfaces, angle adjusting subassembly 11 is equipped with rotatable carousel and drive including the movable plate that slides the setting on slide rail 13 on the movable plate the rotatory gear of carousel, carousel be formed with gear engagement's rodent, rotate through motor drive gear and realize the carousel and rotate, and then the adjustment cuts the cutting direction of timber 40, realizes adjusting cutting angle's purpose.
In order to clamp and stabilize the wood 40 and cut the wood, the cutting mechanism includes a clamping assembly 30 capable of clamping the wood 40 in a horizontal direction, and a cutting assembly 20 capable of sliding on the side of the clamping assembly 30 and cutting the wood 40. Two sets of cutting mechanism that the symmetry set up cut timber 40 simultaneously, improve the ligneous production efficiency of cutting greatly.
Specifically, referring to fig. 3, the clamping assembly 30 includes a vertical frame 31 fixed to the angle adjusting assembly 11, the timber 40 can be placed on the vertical frame 31 at any angle, a clamping plate 33 capable of pressing and clamping the timber 40 is suspended above the vertical frame 31, and a pressing assembly 32 for driving the clamping plate 33 is fixed on the vertical frame 31. The push-down assembly 32 is a driving cylinder, the clamping plate 33 can slide up and down through the guide pillar, the telescopic end of the driving cylinder is fixed with the clamping plate 33, the clamping plate 33 slides up and down through the driving cylinder to press and compress the wood 40, and the purpose of stabilizing the wood is achieved.
In order to cut the wood clamped by the clamping assembly 30, the cutting assembly 20 is arranged on the side of the clamping assembly 30, the cutting assembly 20 is arranged on the angle adjusting assembly 11 in a sliding mode, and the sliding direction of the cutting assembly 20 is the cutting direction of the cutting assembly 20.
Further, the cutting assembly 20 includes a sliding plate 21 slidably disposed on the angle adjusting assembly 11, and a cutting knife fixed on the sliding plate 21, a linear guide 14 is disposed on the angle adjusting assembly 11, and a displacement assembly 24 for driving the sliding plate 21 to slide along the linear guide 14, wherein the displacement assembly 24 is a ball screw pair driven by a motor. The displacement assembly 24 drives the sliding plate 21 to move, and then the cutting knife is driven to cut off the wood 40 along the cutting direction.
Wherein, the sliding direction of the cutting assembly 20 is the cutting direction of the cutting assembly 20. Therefore, when the two ends of the wood 40 need to be cut into 45 degrees, the linear guide rail 14 and the horizontal direction form an included angle of 45 degrees, and the cutting assembly 20 can slide along the horizontal direction to cut the wood 40 to be formed at the included angle of 45 degrees. When the two ends of the wood 40 need to be cut into straight angles, the arrangement in the direction does not limit the protection scope of the technical scheme by setting the orientation of the linear guide rail 14.
In order to reduce the impact shearing force of the cutting knife on the wood 40 and prevent the cut wood 40 from forming a flanging, as shown in fig. 4, two groups of cutting knives arranged along the sliding direction of the sliding plate 21 are arranged on the sliding plate 21, and the two groups of cutting knives are positioned on the same vertical surface and are arranged in a tangent and staggered manner in the vertical direction.
Specifically, the cutting knife includes first cutting knife 22 and second cutting knife 23, and first cutting knife 22 and second cutting knife 23 are fixed in slide 21 in proper order along slide 21 slip direction on, and two sets of cutting knives are located same vertical face, and in the tangent and setting of staggering of vertical direction, second cutting knife 23 is higher than first cutting knife 22 in vertical direction to the highest cutting point of first cutting knife 22 is not less than the minimum cutting point of second cutting knife 23. When the timber 40 is placed on the stand 31, the highest cutting point of the first cutting knife 22 and the lowest cutting point of the second cutting knife 23 are within the height of the timber 40 to be cut in the horizontal direction.
Further, drive first cutting knife 22 through displacement assembly 24 and cut the latter half of timber 40 along slide 21 slip direction, second cutting knife 23 that is located first cutting knife 22 rear is then cut the first half of timber 40, the realization is cut off timber 40 twice, because the cutting volume homogeneous phase of first cutting knife 22 and second cutting knife 23 is half less than the fashioned cutting volume of once cutting of existing equipment, consequently the shearing force impact of first cutting knife 22 and second cutting knife 23 to timber 40 that has significantly reduced, consequently divide twice cutting timber 40 to reduce the turn-ups phenomenon that timber 40 appears because of the cutting effectively, do not destroy the paint layer on timber 40 surface, realize can spray paint earlier in the production of timber and then carry out the production mode of cutting, the quality of cutting timber has been improved.
It should be noted that, the first cutting knife 22 and the second cutting knife 23 are driven by a motor, the motor is fixed on the sliding plate 21, and according to the thickness of the wood 40, the heights of the first cutting knife 22 and the second cutting knife 23 can be adjusted by adding a cushion block below the motor, so as to reach the appropriate height position with the wood 40.
As shown in fig. 5, a protective cover 25 covering the first cutting knife 22 and the second cutting knife 23 is fixed on the sliding plate 21, a material suction pipe 26 is communicated with the protective cover 25, and the wood chips cut out are collected through the material suction pipe 26 by a suction device, so that the cleanness and tidiness of the environment of the production area are ensured.
To sum up, through the symmetry set up two sets of centre gripping subassemblies and cutting assembly on adjusting part, the centre gripping subassembly presss from both sides tightly timber in the horizontal direction and is cut off timber by cutting assembly, two sets of cutting assembly cut timber both ends simultaneously, greatly improve production efficiency, cutting assembly is through setting gradually two cutting knives at the cutting direction, two cutting knives cut timber's first half and latter half respectively, the realization reduces the shear force impact to timber, divide twice cutting timber to reduce the turn-ups phenomenon that timber appears because of the cutting effectively, do not destroy the paint on timber surface, the production mode that can spray paint earlier in the production of realization timber and carry out the cutting again, the production efficiency of cutting timber and the quality of cutting timber have been improved greatly, and the production cost is reduced.
Example 2
In order to solve the above technical problem, the present embodiment provides a wood cutting apparatus, which also includes two sets of cutting mechanisms symmetrically disposed, and an adjusting assembly 10 disposed below the cutting mechanisms and capable of adjusting the distance between the cutting mechanisms. The cutting mechanism includes a clamping assembly 30 for clamping the wood in a horizontal direction, and a cutting assembly 20 slidably disposed at a side of the clamping assembly 30 for cutting the wood 40.
The adjusting assembly 10 comprises a slide rail 13, an angle adjusting assembly 11 for installing the cutting mechanism, and a driving assembly 12 for driving the angle adjusting assembly 11 to slide along the slide rail 12, wherein the angle adjusting assembly 11 can adjust the angle of the cutting mechanism for cutting the end face of the wood.
The clamping assembly 30 comprises a vertical frame 31 fixed on the angle adjusting assembly 11, the timber 40 can be horizontally placed on the vertical frame 31, a clamping plate 33 capable of pressing and clamping the timber 40 downwards is suspended above the vertical frame 31, and a pressing assembly 32 driving the clamping plate 33 is fixed on the vertical frame 31. The push-down assembly 32 is a driving cylinder, the clamping plate 33 can slide up and down through the guide pillar, the telescopic end of the driving cylinder is fixed with the clamping plate 33, the clamping plate 33 slides up and down through the driving cylinder to press and compress the wood 40, and the purpose of stabilizing the wood is achieved.
In order to limit the position where the wood 40 is placed and further improve the stability and stability of the wood 40 during cutting, unlike embodiment 1, the stand 31 is provided with a fixing block 34 and a pushing assembly 35 which can make the wood 40 abut against the side of the fixing block 34.
As shown in fig. 3, the pushing assembly 35 is fixed on the side of the stand 31, the pushing assembly 35 includes a pushing plate 35 and a pushing cylinder for driving the pushing plate 35, when the timber 40 is cut, the timber 40 is placed on the stand and abutted against the side of the fixing block 34 on the stand 31, and after the clamping plate 33 presses down and clamps the timber 40 in the vertical direction, the pushing plate 35 pushes the timber 40 in the horizontal direction and clamps the timber on the side of the fixing block 34. The wood is further stabilized, unevenness in cutting caused by shaking of the wood 40 during cutting is avoided, and the cutting quality of the wood 40 is improved.
The above-described embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the above-described embodiments should be included in the protection scope of the technical solution.

Claims (9)

1. A wood cutting apparatus, characterized by: the cutting device comprises two groups of cutting mechanisms which are symmetrically arranged and an adjusting component (10) which is arranged below the cutting mechanisms and can adjust the distance between the two groups of cutting mechanisms; the cutting mechanism comprises a clamping component (30) which can clamp the wood in the horizontal direction, and a cutting component (20) which can slide on the adjusting component (10) and cut off the wood; the cutting assembly (20) may sequentially cut the lower and upper halves of the lumber material in a sliding direction thereof.
2. The wood cutting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the adjusting assembly (10) comprises a sliding rail (13), an angle adjusting assembly (11) for installing the cutting mechanism, and a driving assembly (12) for driving the angle adjusting assembly (11) to slide along the sliding rail (13); the angle adjusting component (11) can adjust the angle of the cutting mechanism for cutting the end face of the wood.
3. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the cutting assembly (20) comprises a sliding plate (21) which can be arranged on the angle adjusting assembly (11) in a sliding mode and two groups of cutting knives which are arranged along the sliding direction of the sliding plate (21); the two groups of cutting knives are positioned on the same vertical surface and are tangent in the vertical direction and are arranged in a staggered manner.
4. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 2, wherein: the clamping assembly (30) comprises a stand (31) which is fixed on the angle adjusting assembly (11) and used for placing the timber and a clamping plate (33) which can press and clamp the timber; and a pressing component (32) for driving the clamping plate (33) is fixed on the stand (31).
5. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 3, wherein: the angle adjusting assembly (11) comprises a moving plate arranged on the sliding rail (13) in a sliding manner, a rotary disc arranged on the moving plate in a rotating manner and a gear for driving the rotary disc to rotate; the turntable is formed with a tooth mesh with the gear.
6. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the standing frame (31) is provided with a fixed block (34) and a pushing assembly (35) which can enable the wood to abut against the side of the fixed block (34).
7. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 5, wherein: the turntable is provided with a linear guide rail (14) and a displacement assembly (24) for driving the sliding plate (21) to slide along the linear guide rail (14).
8. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 3, wherein: a protective cover for covering the cutting knife is fixed on the sliding plate (21); the protective cover is communicated with a material suction pipe.
9. The wood cutting apparatus of claim 7, wherein: the displacement assembly (24) comprises a ball screw driven by a motor.
CN202020255150.8U 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Wood cutting equipment Active CN212241400U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020255150.8U CN212241400U (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Wood cutting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020255150.8U CN212241400U (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Wood cutting equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212241400U true CN212241400U (en) 2020-12-29

Family

ID=73992628

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020255150.8U Active CN212241400U (en) 2020-03-04 2020-03-04 Wood cutting equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212241400U (en)

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