CN212219208U - Feeding device of extruder - Google Patents

Feeding device of extruder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212219208U
CN212219208U CN201922260278.3U CN201922260278U CN212219208U CN 212219208 U CN212219208 U CN 212219208U CN 201922260278 U CN201922260278 U CN 201922260278U CN 212219208 U CN212219208 U CN 212219208U
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China
Prior art keywords
box
limiting
rack
sliding
limiting plate
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Active
Application number
CN201922260278.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪必宽
丁小兵
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Anhui Lixin Rubber Technology Co ltd
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Anhui Lixin Rubber Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201922260278.3U priority Critical patent/CN212219208U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a plastics processing shaping annex field especially relates to an extruder feed arrangement. This extruder feed arrangement not only including the support frame and set up in the material funnel that connects of support frame one side still including: the blanking box is fixed above the supporting frame through a connecting piece; the material limiting box is fixed below the material dropping box through a fixing device; the sliding mechanism is fixed on the supporting frame through a plurality of protruding convex ridges on the supporting frame; and the limiting plate power device is fixedly connected to the sliding mechanism. The utility model can effectively control the feeding amount of the feeding device; the mechanical transmission is adopted, so that the stability is higher; the detachable structure is more convenient to clean.

Description

Feeding device of extruder
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a plastics processing shaping annex field especially relates to an extruder feed arrangement.
Background
In the field of plastic extrusion processing, an extruder is called a main machine and is used for being matched with other auxiliary machines, and various materials can be manufactured under the condition of being matched with other machines. The first half of the extruder is equipped with a feeding hopper for filling materials, and during the production process, the interior of the extruder is continuously filled with the materials, and if the feeding amount can not be effectively controlled, the pressure of the extruder head can be too high, the phenomenon of counter flow can be caused, and the processing efficiency is influenced.
In the prior art, chinese utility model patent with an authorization publication number of CN 208664332U discloses an extruder, which adopts the electromagnetic adsorption function and controls a feeding device to play the effect of quantitatively conveying raw materials into a machine barrel. However, the electromagnetic control is easy to cause the problem that the baffle cannot be accurately adsorbed, and the electromagnetic control possibly plays a role in controlling the feeding amount.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a solve above-mentioned technical problem, provide an extruder feed arrangement, this feed arrangement adopts mechanical gear formula control feed arrangement feed volume, and it is high to have stability, and sustainability is strong, dismantles and washs convenient advantage.
The utility model provides an extruder feed arrangement, is in including support frame and setting material funnel is connect to support frame one side, still including: the blanking box is fixed on the support frame through a connecting piece; the material limiting box is fixed below the material dropping box through a fixing device; the sliding mechanism is fixed on the supporting frame through a plurality of protruding convex ridges on the supporting frame; and the limiting plate power device is fixedly connected to the sliding mechanism.
Preferably, the limiting plate power device comprises a gear set, an upper rack set, a lower rack set, an upper limiting plate and a lower limiting plate; the upper rack group and the lower rack group are arranged on the sliding mechanism, the gear set is arranged between the upper rack group and the lower rack group, the upper limiting plate is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the material limiting box, of the upper rack group, and the lower limiting plate is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the material limiting box, of the lower rack group.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, through the cooperation of gear train and last rack group and lower gear train realizes going up the removal of spacing board and lower spacing board, control feeding device's material loading volume, mechanical type gear traction stability is high.
Preferably, the sliding mechanism comprises a sliding rail and a sliding block; one end of the sliding block is fixedly arranged on the plurality of protruding convex edges of the supporting frame, and the other end of the sliding block is slidably arranged on the sliding rail.
By adopting the technical scheme, the slide rail device is supported by the slide block through the fixing of the protruding convex edges, and the limiting plate power device is fixedly connected with the slide rail, so that the limiting plate power device is effectively supported through the support of the slide block, the slide block is fixed, and the slide rail can reciprocate relative to the slide block under the traction of power.
Preferably, a position corresponding to the upper limiting plate in the material limiting box is provided with a limiting sliding chute, and the shape of the limiting sliding chute is matched with that of the upper limiting plate; the size of the lower limiting plate is matched with the hollow-out part of the lower bottom surface of the material limiting box.
By adopting the technical scheme, the upper limiting plate can enter the material limiting box in a reciprocating manner to control the blanking amount.
Preferably, the gear set is externally connected with a reduction gearbox, and the reduction gearbox is connected with a controllable output motor.
And controlling the controllable motor to control the reduction gearbox, the gear set, the upper rack group and the lower rack group to move relatively by programming through a controller, so that the upper limiting plate and the lower limiting plate perform intermittent reciprocating motion at a certain distance.
Preferably, the material limiting box is provided with a turnover locking plate, the material falling box is provided with a lock head, and the turnover locking plate and the lock head are matched to form a locking mechanism.
By adopting the technical scheme, the material limiting box is fixed below the blanking box, and the material limiting box is very convenient to disassemble and clean because the turnover locking plate and the lock head can realize unlocking operation.
Preferably, the outer wall of the blanking box is provided with a vibration motor. The vibrating motor is used for generating unsmooth blanking in the blanking process of the blanking box.
Preferably, the upper end of the blanking box is provided with a dustproof cover. Prevent pollutants from entering the blanking box to pollute the raw materials.
Preferably, the support frame is provided with a detachable balance weight. Because the gravity center shift phenomenon is easily caused when the working parts of the feeding device of the extruder are positioned at the same side, the gravity center of the feeding device of the extruder is kept by using the detachable balance block
Preferably, the support leg of the support frame is provided with an anti-skid sleeve. The sliding phenomenon is prevented during working.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, have following advantage:
the feeding amount of the feeding device can be effectively controlled; the mechanical transmission is adopted, so that the stability is higher; the detachable structure is more convenient to clean.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a limiting plate power device and a sliding mechanism;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of area A of FIG. 1;
in the figure, 1-supporting frame, 11-detachable balance block, 12-anti-skid sleeve, 2-material receiving funnel, 3-material dropping box, 31-vibration motor, 32-dust cap, 4-material limiting box, 41-limiting chute, 5-sliding mechanism, 51-sliding rail, 52-sliding block, 6-limiting plate power device, 61-gear set, 62-upper rack set, 63-lower rack set, 64-upper limiting plate, 65-lower limiting plate, a-locking mechanism, a-1-reversible locking plate, a-2-locking head and b-protruding ridge.
Detailed Description
Embodiment 1, refer to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, a feeding device of an extruder comprises a support frame 1 and a receiving hopper 2 arranged on one side of the support frame 1, and further comprises: the blanking box 3 is fixed above the support frame 1 through screws; the material limiting box 4 is fixed below the blanking box through a fixing device a; the sliding mechanism 5 is fixed on the support frame 1 through a plurality of protruding convex edges b on the support frame 1; and the limiting plate power device 6 is fixedly connected to the sliding mechanism 5.
The sliding mechanism 5 comprises a sliding rail 51 and a sliding block 52, one end of the sliding block 52 is fixedly arranged on the plurality of protruding ribs b of the supporting frame, and the other end of the sliding block 52 is slidably arranged on the sliding rail 51; the limiting plate power device 6 comprises a gear set 61, an upper rack set 62, a lower rack set 63, an upper limiting plate 64 and a lower limiting plate 65; the slide rails 51 are arranged on two sides of the upper rack group 62 and the lower rack group 63, the slide blocks 52 are arranged in the slide rails, the slide blocks 52 are fixedly connected with the protruding convex edges b on the rack, and the protruding convex edges b on the support frame 1 are matched with the slide blocks 52 to support the upper rack group 62 and the lower rack group 63; the gear set 61 is externally connected with a reduction box, and the reduction box is connected with a controllable output motor; the gear set 61 is fixed between the upper rack set 62 and the lower rack set 61 through the support of a transmission rod connecting the gear set 61 and the reduction gearbox; the upper limiting plate 64 is arranged on one side, close to the material limiting box 4, of the upper rack group 62, and the lower limiting plate 65 is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the material limiting box 4, of the lower rack group 63.
A position corresponding to the upper limiting plate 64 in the material limiting box 4 is provided with a limiting sliding groove 41, and the limiting sliding groove 41 is matched with the upper limiting plate 64; the size of the lower limiting plate 65 is matched with the hollow-out part of the lower bottom surface of the material limiting box 4.
The material limiting box 4 is provided with a reversible locking plate a-1, the material falling box 3 is provided with a lock head a-2, and the reversible locking plate a-1 and the lock head a-2 are matched to form a locking mechanism a. The outer wall of the blanking box 3 is provided with a vibration motor 31. The upper end of the blanking box 3 is provided with a dust cover 32. The support frame 1 is provided with a detachable balance block 11. The foot of the support frame 1 is provided with an anti-skid sleeve 12.
The specific operation mode of this embodiment is that, the dust-proof cover 32 on the blanking box 3 is opened to add manufacturing raw materials to the inside, the controllable motor is started, the gear set 61 starts to rotate under the driving of the transmission rod, and simultaneously drives the upper rack set 62 and the lower rack set 63 to move in different directions at a uniform speed, after moving a certain distance, the motor stops rotating, after a certain time interval, the motor reverses to drive the gear set 61 to reverse, the upper rack set 62 and the lower rack set 63 move in the originally opposite directions, after moving the same distance, the motor is clicked to stop rotating, after the same time interval, the motor is positively transferred, and the process is repeated; meanwhile, the upper limit plate 64 is driven by the upper rack group 62 to reciprocate in and out of the limit chute 41, and the lower limit plate 65 is driven by the lower rack group 63 to reciprocate to shield the lower outlet of the limit box 4; because go up the limiting plate 64 opposite with limiting plate 65 direction of motion down, so work as under the limit workbin 4 export by limiting plate 64 opens when lower limiting plate 65 shelters from, the material falls into in the limit workbin 4, after the interval certain time, go up limiting plate 64 and insert spacing spout 41, the entry of limit workbin 4 is stopped up, and lower limiting plate 64 removes, the export is opened under the limit workbin, so relapse, the realization ration toward add raw and other materials function in the receiving hopper 2.
When the material limiting box 4 is cleaned, the locking mechanism a is opened to remove the material limiting box 4, and it should be noted that if the upper limiting plate 64 is located inside the material limiting box, the material limiting box 4 is only required to be pulled out in the other direction.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications to the present embodiment without inventive contribution as required after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent laws within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an extruder feed arrangement, is in including support frame (1) and setting the material funnel (2) that connects of support frame (1) one side, its characterized in that still including:
the blanking box (3) is fixed on the support frame (1) through a connecting piece;
the material limiting box (4) is fixed below the blanking box (3) through a locking mechanism (a);
the sliding mechanism (5) is fixed on the support frame (1) through a plurality of protruding convex edges (b) on the support frame (1);
and the limiting plate power device (6) is fixedly connected to the sliding mechanism (5).
2. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the limiting plate power device (6) comprises a gear set (61), an upper rack set (62), a lower rack set (63), an upper limiting plate (64) and a lower limiting plate (65); go up rack group (62) and lower rack group (63) set up in on slide mechanism (5), gear train (61) set up in go up rack group (62) with between lower rack group (63), go up spacing board (64) fixed set up in go up rack group (62) are close to one side of limit case (4), lower spacing board (65) fixed set up in lower rack group (63) are close to one side of limit case (4).
3. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the sliding mechanism (5) comprises a sliding rail (51) and a sliding block (52); one end of the sliding block (52) is fixedly arranged on the plurality of protruding convex edges (b) of the supporting frame (1), and the other end of the sliding block (52) is arranged on the sliding rail (51) in a sliding manner.
4. An extruder feeding device according to claim 2, wherein: a limiting sliding groove (41) is formed in the position, corresponding to the upper limiting plate (64), in the limiting box (4), and the shape of the limiting sliding groove (41) is matched with that of the upper limiting plate (64); the size of the lower limiting plate (65) is matched with the hollow-out part of the lower bottom surface of the material limiting box (4).
5. An extruder feeding device according to claim 2, wherein: the gear set (61) is externally connected with a reduction box, and the reduction box is connected with a controllable output motor.
6. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the material limiting box (4) is provided with a reversible locking plate (a-1), the material dropping box (3) is provided with a lock head (a-2), and the reversible locking plate (a-1) and the lock head (a-2) are matched to form a locking mechanism (a).
7. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: and a vibration motor (31) is arranged on the outer wall of the blanking box (3).
8. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the blanking box (3) is provided with a dustproof cover (32).
9. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the support frame (1) is provided with a detachable balance block (11).
10. An extruder feed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the anti-skidding sleeves (12) are arranged at the foot positions of the support frame (1).
CN201922260278.3U 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Feeding device of extruder Active CN212219208U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922260278.3U CN212219208U (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Feeding device of extruder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922260278.3U CN212219208U (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Feeding device of extruder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212219208U true CN212219208U (en) 2020-12-25

Family

ID=73901180

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922260278.3U Active CN212219208U (en) 2019-12-17 2019-12-17 Feeding device of extruder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212219208U (en)

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