CN212071060U - Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device - Google Patents

Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212071060U
CN212071060U CN202020350497.0U CN202020350497U CN212071060U CN 212071060 U CN212071060 U CN 212071060U CN 202020350497 U CN202020350497 U CN 202020350497U CN 212071060 U CN212071060 U CN 212071060U
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China
Prior art keywords
shaped
sliding
bearing
round steel
hole
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020350497.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李从超
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Handan Taihang Fastener Manufacturing Co ltd
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Handan Taihang Fastener Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020350497.0U priority Critical patent/CN212071060U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a semi-automatic production device of large-scale high strength bolt, including the round steel support, round steel support one side is equipped with automatic feeding mechanism, round steel support one end is equipped with raw materials displacement mechanism, round steel support side surface is equipped with the high frequency mechanism of heating, round steel support below is equipped with linkage actuating mechanism. The utility model has the advantages that the cut bolt raw material can be automatically moved among different processes, thereby saving the flow of manual reciprocating operation, improving the working efficiency and reducing the potential safety hazard; the bolt raw materials can be automatically heated through the high-frequency heating mechanism, so that the occupied labor force is saved, and the manufacturing cost of the bolt is reduced.

Description

Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bolt production, in particular to a semi-automatic production device for a large high-strength bolt.
Background
The bolted connections of the main components of a building structure are generally high-strength bolted connections. The common bolt can be repeatedly used, the high-strength bolt is generally used for permanent connection, the high-strength bolt is a prestressed bolt, a specified prestress is applied by a friction type torque wrench, and a plum blossom head is screwed off in a pressure-bearing type.
The high-strength bolt has the advantages that the high-strength bolt is complex in production process due to harsh use environment, single machining is mostly performed due to large weight, long raw materials are generally cut and formed in a segmented mode in the actual production process, then turning is performed to improve the precision, then high-frequency heating is performed, finally hot pier forming is performed, the bolt raw materials are generally moved manually when the bolt raw materials are moved among different processes, and the moving mode is low in efficiency and has large potential safety hazards; need its heating state of artifical manual control usually when carrying out the high frequency heating, need carry out the rotation of certain angle and make it be heated more evenly during the heating, so need occupy in a large number and want power, can not carry out automatic high frequency heating, traditional processing mode needs a plurality of workman to cooperate the work simultaneously, has increaseed the cost of manufacture of bolt.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects, the invention provides a semi-automatic production device for a large high-strength bolt, which aims to solve the problems.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a large-scale high-strength bolt semi-automatic production device comprises a round steel support, wherein an automatic feeding mechanism is arranged on one side of the round steel support, a raw material displacement mechanism is arranged at one end of the round steel support, a high-frequency heating mechanism is arranged on the side surface of the round steel support, and a linkage driving mechanism is arranged below the round steel support;
the raw material displacement mechanism comprises an L-shaped base, a supporting rod is mounted on the upper surface of the L-shaped base, an L-shaped sliding rail is mounted at the upper end of the supporting rod, the lower surface of the L-shaped sliding rail is fixedly connected with the supporting rod, a first fixing strip is mounted on the opposite side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail, a first sliding block is mounted at one end of the L-shaped sliding rail, a first sliding groove in sliding connection with the first fixing strip is formed in the surface of one side of the sliding block, a second sliding block is mounted at the other end of the L-shaped sliding rail, a second sliding groove in sliding connection with the first fixing strip is formed in the surface of the two sides of the sliding block; the center of the upper surface of the sliding block is provided with a vertical through hole, the inner surface of the vertical through hole is provided with an electric slip ring, the lower surface of the sliding block is provided with a mounting box, the mounting box and the vertical through hole are in an intercommunicated state, the center of the lower surface of the mounting box is provided with a circular hole, the inner surface of the circular hole is provided with a first bearing, the inner surface of the first bearing is provided with a rotating shaft, the side surface of the lower end of the rotating shaft is provided with a sector fluted disc, the lower end of the rotating shaft is provided with a swinging rod, one end of the swinging rod is provided with an arc electromagnet, the upper end of the rotating shaft is provided with an elliptical block, the elliptical block is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, the opposite side surface of the mounting box is provided with a rectangular pipe, the sliding rod is connected with the rectangular hole in a sliding mode, limiting grooves are formed in the upper end and the lower end of the sliding rod and correspond to the third fixing strip in position, an arc-shaped block is installed at one end of the sliding rod and corresponds to the oval block in position, a compression spring is installed between the arc-shaped block and the limiting plate, and a wiring hole is formed in the center of the oval block and the rotating shaft; a rectangular block is mounted at the upper end of the second sliding block, a first threaded hole is formed in the center of the rectangular block, a first stepping motor is mounted on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail, a second bearing is mounted on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail, a threaded shaft is mounted between the second bearing and the first stepping motor, and the threaded shaft is meshed with the first threaded hole; a first rack is arranged at one end of the side surface of the L-shaped slide rail, and a second rack is arranged at the other end of the side surface of the L-shaped slide rail; the surfaces of two sides of the sliding block are provided with connecting rods, and one end of each connecting rod is provided with a rectangular electromagnet;
the high-frequency heating mechanism comprises a high-frequency heater on one side of a round steel support, a support frame is arranged on the side surface of the round steel support, a linear motor I is arranged at one end of the support frame, a circular groove is formed in the telescopic end of the linear motor I, a bearing III is arranged on the inner surface of the circular groove, rotating round steel is arranged on the inner surface of the bearing III, a tooth socket is arranged on the side surface of the rotating round steel, and a block-shaped electromagnet is arranged at; one end of the support frame is provided with a first containing table which is positioned between the blocky electromagnet and the high-frequency heater; one side of the support frame is provided with a first vertical bearing, the inner surface of the first vertical bearing is provided with a connecting shaft, one end of the connecting shaft is provided with a bevel gear, and one side of the bevel gear is provided with a first driven wheel meshed with the tooth groove;
the linkage driving mechanism comprises a rectangular support on one side of an L-shaped base, a sliding rail is mounted at the upper end of the rectangular support, a sliding plate is mounted on one side of the sliding rail, two sides of the sliding plate are connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode, a linear motor II is mounted at the lower end of the rectangular support, an L-shaped connecting rod is mounted at the telescopic end of the linear motor II, one end of the L-shaped connecting rod is fixedly connected with the sliding plate, a step motor II is mounted on the upper surface of the sliding plate, an output shaft I is arranged at one end of the step motor II, a driving wheel I is mounted at one end of the output shaft; a bearing support is installed on one side of the round steel support, a bearing I is installed on the upper surface of the bearing support, a material taking rotating shaft is installed on the inner surface of the bearing II, a fan-shaped box is installed on the side surface of the material taking rotating shaft, a sliding sheet is installed on the inner surface of the fan-shaped box and is connected with the fan-shaped box in a sliding mode, a circular through hole I is formed in one end of the sliding sheet, an L-shaped partition plate is installed at the lower end of the fan-shaped box, a circular through hole II is formed in one end of the L-shaped partition plate, a damping bearing is installed in the circular through hole II and is hinged to the circular through hole II in a spherical mode, an adjusting bolt is installed on the inner surface of the damping bearing, the lower end of the adjusting bolt is fixedly connected with the damping bearing, a rectangular notch is formed in the inner ring of the circular through hole; and a second driven wheel is installed at one end of the material taking rotating shaft.
Further, automatic feeding mechanism includes the running roller support of round steel support one side, and the live-rollers is installed at running roller support upper surface both ends, and the live-rollers surface mounting has the ripple conveyer belt, and live-rollers one end is installed from driving wheel three, is equipped with one from driving wheel three.
Furthermore, the inner surface of the fan-shaped box is provided with a limiting groove, the side surface of the sliding sheet is provided with an arc-shaped strip, and the position of the arc-shaped strip corresponds to that of the limiting groove.
Furthermore, a vertical bearing II is arranged on the side surface of the bearing support, a transmission shaft is arranged on the inner surface of the vertical bearing II, a first transmission wheel which is meshed with the driven wheel II is arranged at the upper end of the transmission shaft, and a second transmission wheel is arranged at the lower end of the transmission shaft.
Furthermore, one side of the L-shaped slide rail is provided with a second holding platform, and the other side of the L-shaped slide rail is provided with a third holding platform.
Furthermore, a sawing machine is arranged on one side of the automatic feeding mechanism.
Furthermore, a lathe is arranged below the L-shaped slide rail, and a hot heading machine is arranged on one side of the lathe.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the cut bolt raw materials can be automatically moved among different processes, so that the process of manual reciprocating operation is omitted, the working efficiency is improved, and the potential safety hazard is reduced; the bolt raw materials can be automatically heated through the high-frequency heating mechanism, so that the occupied labor force is saved, and the manufacturing cost of the bolt is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural plan view of a large high-strength bolt semi-automatic production device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of a round steel support;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of a fan-shaped box;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the adjusting bolt;
FIG. 5 is a cut-away schematic view of the fan-shaped box;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the adjustment ball;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a high frequency warming mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of the linkage drive mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a first schematic view of the linkage driving mechanism;
FIG. 10 is a second schematic view of the linkage drive mechanism;
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a slide rail;
FIG. 12 is a side schematic view of the linkage drive mechanism;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a take-off spindle;
FIG. 14 is a top view of the L-shaped slide rail;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the state of the material displacement mechanism;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged schematic view of the material displacement mechanism;
FIG. 17 is a schematic top view of the mounting box;
FIG. 18 is a cut-away schematic view of a rectangular tube;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the state of an elliptical block;
in the figure, 1, a round steel bracket; 2. an L-shaped base; 3. a support bar; 4. an L-shaped slide rail; 5. a first fixing strip; 6. a first sliding block; 7. a first sliding chute; 8. a second sliding block; 9. a second chute; 10. a pin shaft; 11. a linkage rod; 12. a vertical through hole; 13. an electrical slip ring; 14. mounting a box; 15. a circular hole; 16. a first bearing; 17. a rotating shaft; 18. a fan-shaped fluted disc; 19. a swing lever; 20. an arc-shaped electromagnet; 21. an elliptical block; 22. a rectangular tube; 23. fixing strips III; 24. a limiting plate; 25. a rectangular hole; 26. a slide bar; 27. a limiting groove; 28. an arc-shaped block; 29. a compression spring; 30. a wiring hole; 31. a rectangular block; 32. A first threaded hole; 33. a first stepping motor; 34. a second bearing; 35. a threaded shaft; 36. a first rack; 37. a second rack; 38. A connecting rod; 39. a rectangular electromagnet; 40. a high-frequency heater; 41. a support frame; 42. a linear motor I; 43. a circular groove; 44. a third bearing; 45. rotating the round steel; 46. a tooth socket; 47. a block-shaped electromagnet; 48. a first containing table; 49. a first vertical bearing; 50. a connecting shaft; 51. a bevel gear; 52. a rectangular bracket; 53. a slide rail; 54. a sliding plate; 55. a linear motor II; 56. an L-shaped connecting rod; 57. a second stepping motor; 58. a first output shaft; 59. a first driving wheel; 60. a second output shaft; 61. a second driving wheel; 62. a driving wheel III; 63. a bearing support; 64. a bearing IV; 65. a material taking rotating shaft; 66. a fan-shaped box; 67. a slide sheet; 68. a first circular through hole; 69. an L-shaped partition plate; 70. a second circular through hole; 71. a damping bearing; 72. adjusting the bolt; 73. a rectangular opening; 74. adjusting the ball; 75. a second fixing strip; 76. a second threaded hole; 77. a second driven wheel; 78. a roller bracket; 79. a rotating roller; 80. a corrugated conveyor belt; 81. a driven wheel III; 82. a limiting groove; 83. an arc-shaped strip; 84. a second vertical bearing; 85. a drive shaft; 86. a first transmission wheel; 87. a second driving wheel; 88. a second containing table; 89. a third containing table; 90. Sawing; 91. turning a lathe; 92. a hot heading machine; 93. and a first driven wheel.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, and as shown in fig. 1-19, the semi-automatic production device for the large-scale high-strength bolt comprises a round steel support 1, wherein an automatic feeding mechanism is arranged on one side of the round steel support 1, a raw material displacement mechanism is arranged at one end of the round steel support 1, a high-frequency heating mechanism is arranged on the side surface of the round steel support 1, and a linkage driving mechanism is arranged below the round steel support 1;
the raw material displacement mechanism comprises an L-shaped base 2, a support rod 3 is mounted on the upper surface of the L-shaped base 2, an L-shaped sliding rail 4 is mounted at the upper end of the support rod 3, the lower surface of the L-shaped sliding rail 4 is fixedly connected with the support rod 3, a first fixing strip 5 is mounted on the opposite side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, a first sliding block 6 is mounted at one end of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, a first sliding chute 7 which is in sliding connection with the first fixing strip 5 is formed in the side surface of the first sliding block 6, a second sliding block 8 is mounted at the other end of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, a second sliding chute 9 which is in sliding connection with the first fixing strip 5 is formed in the side surface of the second sliding block 8, a pin shaft 10 is mounted at one; the center of the upper surface of the first sliding block 6 is provided with a vertical through hole 12, the inner surface of the vertical through hole 12 is provided with an electric slip ring 13, the lower surface of the first sliding block 6 is provided with a mounting box 14, the mounting box 14 and the vertical through hole 12 are in a communicated state, the center of the lower surface of the mounting box 14 is provided with a circular hole 15, the inner surface of the circular hole 15 is provided with a first bearing 16, the inner surface of the first bearing 16 is provided with a rotating shaft 17, the side surface of the lower end of the rotating shaft 17 is provided with a sector fluted disc 18, the lower end of the rotating shaft 17 is provided with a swinging rod 19, one end of the swinging rod 19 is provided with an arc electromagnet 20, the upper end of the rotating shaft 17 is provided with an elliptical block 21, the elliptical block 21 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 17, the opposite side surface, a rectangular hole 25 is formed in the center of the limiting plate 24, a sliding rod 26 is mounted on the inner surface of the rectangular hole 25, the sliding rod 26 is connected with the rectangular hole 25 in a sliding mode, limiting grooves 27 are formed in the upper end and the lower end of the sliding rod 26, the limiting grooves 27 correspond to the positions of the fixing strips III 23, an arc-shaped block 28 is mounted at one end of the sliding rod 26, the arc-shaped block 28 corresponds to the position of the oval block 21, a compression spring 29 is mounted between the arc-shaped block 28 and the limiting plate 24, and a wiring hole 30 is formed in the centers of the oval block 21 and the rotating; a rectangular block 31 is installed at the upper end of the second sliding block 8, a first threaded hole 32 is formed in the center of the rectangular block 31, a first stepping motor 33 is installed on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, a second bearing 34 is installed on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, a threaded shaft 35 is installed between the second bearing 34 and the first stepping motor 33, and the threaded shaft 35 is meshed with the first threaded hole 32; a first rack 36 is arranged at one end of the side surface of the L-shaped slide rail 4, and a second rack 37 is arranged at the other end of the side surface of the L-shaped slide rail 4; a connecting rod 38 is arranged on the side surface of the second sliding block 8, and a rectangular electromagnet 39 is arranged at one end of the connecting rod 38;
the high-frequency heating mechanism comprises a high-frequency heater 40 arranged on one side of the round steel support 1, a support frame 41 is arranged on the side surface of the round steel support 1, a linear motor 42 is arranged at one end of the support frame 41, a circular groove 43 is formed in the telescopic end of the linear motor 42, a bearing III 44 is arranged on the inner surface of the circular groove 43, a rotating round steel 45 is arranged on the inner surface of the bearing III 44, a tooth socket 46 is arranged on the side surface of the rotating round steel 45, and a block-shaped electromagnet 47 is arranged at; one end of the supporting frame 41 is provided with a first containing table 48, and the first containing table 48 is positioned between the block-shaped electromagnet 47 and the high-frequency heater 40; a first vertical bearing 49 is arranged on one side of the support frame 41, a connecting shaft 50 is arranged on the inner surface of the first vertical bearing 49, a bevel gear 51 is arranged at one end of the connecting shaft 50, and a first driven wheel 93 meshed with the tooth groove 46 is arranged on one side of the bevel gear 51;
the linkage driving mechanism comprises a rectangular support 52 on one side of the L-shaped base 2, a sliding rail 53 is mounted at the upper end of the rectangular support 52, a sliding plate 54 is mounted on one side of the sliding rail 53, two sides of the sliding plate 54 are slidably connected with the sliding rail 53, a linear motor II 55 is mounted at the lower end of the rectangular support 52, an L-shaped connecting rod 56 is mounted at the telescopic end of the linear motor II 55, one end of the L-shaped connecting rod 56 is fixedly connected with the sliding plate 54, a stepping motor II 57 is mounted on the upper surface of the sliding plate 54, an output shaft I58 is arranged at one end of the stepping motor II 57, a driving wheel I59 is mounted at one end of the output shaft I58, a driving wheel II 60; the round steel support 1 is provided with a bearing support 63 at one side, a bearing fourth 64 is arranged on the upper surface of the bearing support 63, a material taking rotating shaft 65 is arranged on the inner surface of the bearing fourth 64, a fan-shaped box 66 is arranged on the side surface of the material taking rotating shaft 65, a sliding sheet 67 is arranged on the inner surface of the fan-shaped box 66, the sliding sheet 67 is connected with the fan-shaped box 66 in a sliding manner, a first circular through hole 68 is formed in one end of the sliding sheet 67, an L-shaped baffle plate 69 is arranged at the lower end of the fan-shaped box 66, a second circular through hole 70 is formed in one end of the L-shaped baffle plate 69, a damping bearing 71 is arranged in the second circular through hole 70, the damping bearing 71 is hinged with the second circular through hole 70 in a spherical manner, an adjusting bolt 72 is arranged on the inner surface of the damping bearing 71, the lower end, the second fixing strip 75 corresponds to the rectangular notch 73, and the inner surface of the adjusting ball 74 is provided with a second threaded hole 76 which is mutually meshed with the adjusting bolt 72; and a second driven wheel 77 is arranged at one end of the material taking rotating shaft 65.
The automatic feeding mechanism comprises a roller wheel support 78 on one side of the round steel support 1, rotating rollers 79 are mounted at two ends of the upper surface of the roller wheel support 78, a corrugated conveying belt 80 is mounted on the outer surface of each rotating roller 79, a driven wheel III 81 is mounted at one end of each rotating roller 79, and a driven wheel III 81 is arranged.
The inner surface of the fan-shaped box 66 is provided with a limiting groove 82, the side surface of the sliding sheet 67 is provided with an arc-shaped strip 83, the position of the arc-shaped strip 83 corresponds to that of the limiting groove 82, and the sliding of the sliding sheet 67 can be more stable through the action of the arc-shaped strip 83 and the limiting groove 82.
The side surface of the bearing support 63 is provided with a vertical bearing II 84, the inner surface of the vertical bearing II 84 is provided with a transmission shaft 85, the upper end of the transmission shaft 85 is provided with a transmission wheel I86 which is meshed with a driven wheel II 77, the lower end of the transmission shaft 85 is provided with a transmission wheel II 87, and power can be better transmitted to the material taking rotating shaft 65 under the action of the transmission shaft 85.
A second holding platform 88 is arranged on one side of the L-shaped slide rail 4, and a third holding platform 89 is arranged on the other side of the L-shaped slide rail 4.
One side of the automatic feeding mechanism is provided with a sawing machine 90.
A lathe 91 is arranged below the L-shaped slide rail 4, and a hot header 92 is arranged on one side of the lathe.
In the embodiment, the electrical appliance of the equipment is controlled by an external controller, the equipment such as a lathe 91, a hot header 92, a sawing machine 90, a high-frequency heater 40 and the like is mentioned in the scheme, and the equipment belongs to common processing equipment and is not described in detail; the movement of the device can realize the movement of the bolt raw material by accurately controlling the movement of electrical appliances such as the first stepping motor 33, the second stepping motor 57, the first linear motor 42, the second linear motor 55 and the like, for example, if the length of the bolt raw material is 20 cm, the second stepping motor 57 needs to rotate for a certain number of turns, so that the corrugated conveyor belt 80 rotates for 20 cm, and the uncut bolt raw material is pushed; if greater accuracy is required, a photoelectric switch may be mounted on one side of the saw 90 to sense the particular position of the bolt; when the raw material is required to be cut, the controller controls the second linear motor 55 to stretch, the second linear motor 55 stretches to drive the sliding plate 54 to slide in the sliding rail 53 through the L-shaped connecting rod 56, the second stepping motor 57 is driven to move by the sliding of the sliding plate 54, the first driving wheel 59 and the second driving wheel 61 are driven by the second stepping motor 57, the driving wheel III 62 moves to enable the driving wheel II 61 and the driving wheel II 87 to be meshed with each other, the stepping motor II 57 starts to rotate, at the moment, the driving wheel I59 and the driving wheel III 62 are in an idle state, the driving wheel II 87 drives the driving wheel I86 to rotate through the transmission shaft 85, the driving wheel I86 drives the driven wheel II 77 meshed with the driving wheel I to rotate through rotation, the driven wheel II 77 drives the material taking rotating shaft 65 to rotate, the fan-shaped box 66 is driven to rotate through rotation of the material taking rotating shaft 65, and a triangular area formed between the fan-shaped box 66 and the sliding sheet 67 is a containing position of the bolt raw materials; as shown in fig. 3, when the triangular area rotates to the position of the bolt raw material, the second stepping motor 57 stops rotating, the factor of utilizing gravity is that the bolt raw material rolls into the triangular area, the triangular area can only contain one bolt raw material, and then the second stepping motor 57 rotates again to move the bolt raw material onto the corrugated conveyor belt 80, and the transmission mode is called linkage one;
after the bolt raw material moves onto the corrugated conveyor belt 80, the controller controls the linear motor II 55 to stretch, the stretching of the linear motor II 55 indirectly drives the stepping motor II 57 to move, the movement of the stepping motor II 57 drives the driving wheel III 62 to move, so that the driving wheel III 62 is meshed with the driven wheel III 81, as shown in fig. 9, the second stepping motor 57 starts to rotate, at this time, the first driving wheel 59 and the second driving wheel 61 are in an idle rotation state, the third driven wheel 81 rotates to directly drive the corrugated conveyor belt 80 to rotate, the corrugated conveyor belt 80 rotates to drive the bolt raw material to move for a certain distance, and then the bolt raw material stops rotating after moving for a certain distance, the transmission mode is called a second linkage mode, then the controller controls the sawing machine to work to cut off the bolt raw material, the second linkage mode operates again after cutting off, and the cut bolt raw material is pushed onto the third containing table 89;
at this time, the controller controls the first stepping motor 33 to rotate forward, the threaded shaft 35 can be stably rotated by the support of the second bearing 34, the first threaded hole 32 and the threaded shaft 35 are engaged with each other, so as to drive the second sliding block 8 to slide to the right, for example, in the state of fig. 15 to 14, the first sliding block 6 connected with the linkage rod 11 in fig. 15 is in a position before movement, for convenience of explanation, the first sliding block 6 is provided with three virtual first sliding blocks 6 at different positions and different times below, arrows in fig. 15 indicate the current moving direction of the first sliding block 6, when the second sliding block 8 moves to the right, the first sliding block 6 is caused to slide towards the lathe 91 by the transmission effect of the linkage rod 11 and the guiding effect of the L-shaped sliding rail 4, and the sector gear disc 18 and the second rack 37 are in opposite positions, so that the two do not contact with the swinging, the sector fluted disc 18 and the rack I36 are positioned at the same side, the sliding block I6 continuously slides towards the lathe 91, when the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 moves to the position above the containing table III 89, the stepping motor I33 stops rotating for a short time, the controller controls the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 to be electrified during the stop rotating to generate magnetism to suck the bolt raw material on the containing table III 89, then the stepping motor I33 rotates forwards, before the sector fluted disc 18 is contacted with the rack I36, the sliding block I6 moves to the processing station of the lathe 91, at the moment, the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 is powered off and releases the bolt raw material, then the bolt raw material is turned manually, at the moment, the stepping motor I33 stops rotating, after the turning is finished, the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 is electrified to suck the bolt raw material, the stepping motor I33 rotates forwards, the sector fluted disc 18 is contacted with and meshed with the rack I36, and the swinging rod 19 can be driven under the supporting, The arc-shaped electromagnet 20 rotates, the sector-shaped fluted disc 18 and the first rack 36 can be controlled to rotate 180 degrees during meshing by actually calculating the size and the shape of the sector-shaped fluted disc 18, the sector-shaped fluted disc 18 and the first rack 36 are in opposite positions, the sector-shaped fluted disc 18 and the second rack 37 are in the same side position, after the rotation is finished, the first stepping motor 33 rotates reversely, the first sliding block 6 is indirectly driven to be away from the lathe 91, when the first stepping motor moves right above the second holding table 88, the controller controls the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 to be powered off, the bolt raw material is placed on the second holding table 88, then the first stepping motor 33 continues to rotate reversely, the sector-shaped fluted disc 18 is meshed with the second rack 37, the swinging rod 19 rotates 180 degrees again, and a cycle; the fan-shaped fluted disc 18 is meshed with the second rack 37 and the first rack 36 once each time, the oscillating rod can rotate clockwise by 180 degrees, and the electric slip ring 13 can solve the problem of electrifying and winding the arc-shaped electromagnet 20; when the second sliding block 8 reciprocates, the sliding blocks pass through the first containing table 48 and the second containing table 88 regularly, the rectangular electromagnet 39 is electrified to suck the turned bolt raw materials when the sliding blocks pass through the second containing table 88, and the rectangular electromagnet 39 is powered off and releases the bolt raw materials when the sliding blocks move to the upper part of the first containing table 48;
by utilizing the action of the compression spring 29, the arc-shaped block 28 can always keep a pressing state on the oval block 21, and the oval block 21 and the arc-shaped block 28 are kept in a fitting state, so that the arc-shaped electromagnet 20 is ensured not to shake in the moving process, and the accuracy of a moving path is ensured; the fan-shaped fluted disc 18 is meshed with the first rack 36 and the second rack 37 under the action of the elliptical block 21 and the arc-shaped block 28;
the controller controls the linear motor I42 to extend, the block-shaped electromagnet 47 is driven by the extension of the linear motor I42 to move towards the bolt raw material and to be contacted, the block-shaped electromagnet 47 is electrified, the linear motor I42 directly pushes one end of the bolt raw material into a heating coil of the high-frequency heater 40, the linear motor II 55 is shortened after a certain time interval, the driving wheel I59 is indirectly driven to be meshed with the bevel gear 51, the stepping motor II rotates intermittently, the intermittent rotation drives the bolt raw material to rotate at a certain angle, the transmission mode is called as linkage III, and therefore the bolt raw material is heated more uniformly and efficiently; manually moving the bolt raw material to a station of a hot header for stamping after heating;
if 1 long bolt raw material can be cut into 5 end bolt raw materials, the sawing machine 90 needs to cut 4 times, the operation is carried out once by linkage, the operation is carried out for at least four times by linkage, and the operation times of linkage two and linkage three are the same; the labor can be reduced maximally by combining the layout of the processing stations with the device.
The technical solutions described above only represent the preferred technical solutions of the present invention, and some possible modifications to some parts of the technical solutions by those skilled in the art all represent the principles of the present invention, and fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A large-scale high-strength bolt semi-automatic production device comprises a round steel support (1), wherein an automatic feeding mechanism is arranged on one side of the round steel support (1), the large-scale high-strength bolt semi-automatic production device is characterized in that a raw material displacement mechanism is arranged at one end of the round steel support (1), a high-frequency heating mechanism is arranged on the side surface of the round steel support (1), and a linkage driving mechanism is arranged below the round steel support (1);
the raw material displacement mechanism comprises an L-shaped base (2), a support rod (3) is arranged on the upper surface of the L-shaped base (2), an L-shaped slide rail (4) is arranged at the upper end of the support rod (3), the lower surface of the L-shaped slide rail (4) is fixedly connected with the support rod (3), a first fixing strip (5) is arranged on the opposite side surface of the L-shaped slide rail (4), a first sliding block (6) is arranged at one end of the L-shaped slide rail (4), a first sliding chute (7) which is slidably connected with the first fixing strip (5) is arranged on the side surface of the first sliding block (6), a second sliding block (8) is arranged at the other end of the L-shaped slide rail (4), a second sliding chute (9) which is slidably connected with the first, one end of the upper surface of the second sliding block (8) is provided with a pin shaft (10), one side of the pin shaft (10) is provided with a linkage rod (11), and two ends of the linkage rod (11) are hinged with the pin shaft (10); the center of the upper surface of the first sliding block (6) is provided with a vertical through hole (12), an electric slip ring (13) is arranged on the inner surface of the vertical through hole (12), a mounting box (14) is arranged on the lower surface of the first sliding block (6), the mounting box (14) and the vertical through hole (12) are in an intercommunicated state, a round hole (15) is arranged on the center of the lower surface of the mounting box (14), a bearing I (16) is arranged on the inner surface of the round hole (15), a rotating shaft (17) is arranged on the inner surface of the bearing I (16), a fan-shaped fluted disc (18) is arranged on the side surface of the lower end of the rotating shaft (17), a swinging rod (19) is arranged on the lower end of the rotating shaft (17), an arc-shaped electromagnet (20) is arranged at one end of the swinging rod (19), an elliptical block (21) is, the upper end and the lower end of the inner surface of the rectangular pipe (22) are respectively provided with a third fixing strip (23), one end of the rectangular pipe (22) is fixedly connected with the mounting box (14), the other end of the rectangular pipe (22) is provided with a limiting plate (24), the center of the limiting plate (24) is provided with a rectangular hole (25), the inner surface of the rectangular hole (25) is provided with a sliding rod (26), the sliding rod (26) is slidably connected with the rectangular hole (25), the upper end and the lower end of the sliding rod (26) are provided with limiting grooves (27), the limiting grooves (27) correspond to the third fixing strip (23), one end of the sliding rod (26) is provided with an arc block (28), the arc block (28) corresponds to the oval block (21), a compression spring (29) is arranged between the arc block (28) and the limiting plate (24), and the center of the oval block (21) and the rotating shaft (17; a rectangular block (31) is mounted at the upper end of the second sliding block (8), a threaded hole I (32) is formed in the center of the rectangular block (31), a stepping motor I (33) is mounted on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail (4), a bearing II (34) is mounted on the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail (4), a threaded shaft (35) is mounted between the bearing II (34) and the stepping motor I (33), and the threaded shaft (35) is meshed with the threaded hole I (32); a first rack (36) is installed at one end of the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail (4), and a second rack (37) is installed at the other end of the side surface of the L-shaped sliding rail (4); a connecting rod (38) is installed on the side surface of the second sliding block (8), and a rectangular electromagnet (39) is installed at one end of the connecting rod (38);
the high-frequency heating mechanism comprises a high-frequency heater (40) on one side of a round steel support (1), a support frame (41) is installed on the side surface of the round steel support (1), a linear motor I (42) is installed at one end of the support frame (41), a circular groove (43) is formed in the telescopic end of the linear motor I (42), a bearing III (44) is installed on the inner surface of the circular groove (43), a rotating round steel (45) is installed on the inner surface of the bearing III (44), a tooth socket (46) is arranged on the side surface of the rotating round steel (45), and a block-shaped electromagnet (47) is installed at one end; one end of the supporting frame (41) is provided with a first containing table (48), and the first containing table (48) is positioned between the block-shaped electromagnet (47) and the high-frequency heater (40); a first vertical bearing (49) is installed on one side of the support frame (41), a connecting shaft (50) is installed on the inner surface of the first vertical bearing (49), a bevel gear (51) is installed at one end of the connecting shaft (50), and a first driven wheel (93) meshed with the tooth groove (46) is installed on one side of the bevel gear (51);
the linkage driving mechanism comprises a rectangular support (52) on one side of an L-shaped base (2), a sliding rail (53) is mounted at the upper end of the rectangular support (52), a sliding plate (54) is mounted at one side of the sliding rail (53), two sides of the sliding plate (54) are slidably connected with the sliding rail (53), a linear motor II (55) is mounted at the lower end of the rectangular support (52), an L-shaped connecting rod (56) is mounted at the telescopic end of the linear motor II (55), one end of the L-shaped connecting rod (56) is fixedly connected with the sliding plate (54), a stepping motor II (57) is mounted on the upper surface of the sliding plate (54), an output shaft I (58) is arranged at one end of the stepping motor II (57), a driving wheel I (59) is mounted at one end of the output shaft I (58), an output shaft II (60) is arranged at the other end of the stepping motor II; the round steel support is characterized in that a bearing support (63) is installed on one side of the round steel support (1), a bearing four (64) is installed on the upper surface of the bearing support (63), a material taking rotating shaft (65) is installed on the inner surface of the bearing four (64), a fan-shaped box (66) is installed on the side surface of the material taking rotating shaft (65), a sliding sheet (67) is installed on the inner surface of the fan-shaped box (66), the sliding sheet (67) is in sliding connection with the fan-shaped box (66), a circular through hole I (68) is formed in one end of the sliding sheet (67), an L-shaped partition plate (69) is installed at the lower end of the fan-shaped box (66), a circular through hole II (70) is formed in one end of the L-shaped partition plate (69), a damping bearing (71) is installed in the circular through hole II (70), the damping bearing (71) is in spherical hinge joint with the circular, the inner ring of the first round through hole (68) is provided with a rectangular opening (73), an adjusting ball (74) is arranged in the first round through hole (68), the outer surface of the adjusting ball (74) is provided with a second fixing strip (75), the position of the second fixing strip (75) corresponds to that of the rectangular opening (73), and the inner surface of the adjusting ball (74) is provided with a second threaded hole (76) which is meshed with the adjusting bolt (72); and a second driven wheel (77) is installed at one end of the material taking rotating shaft (65).
2. The semi-automatic production device of the large high-strength bolt as claimed in claim 1, wherein the automatic feeding mechanism comprises a roller bracket (78) on one side of the round steel bracket (1), rotating rollers (79) are mounted at two ends of the upper surface of the roller bracket (78), a corrugated conveyor belt (80) is mounted on the outer surface of each rotating roller (79), a driven wheel III (81) is mounted at one end of each rotating roller (79), and one driven wheel III (81) is arranged.
3. The semiautomatic production device for the large-scale high-strength bolt as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner surface of the fan-shaped box (66) is provided with a limiting groove (82), the side surface of the sliding sheet (67) is provided with an arc-shaped strip (83), and the position of the arc-shaped strip (83) corresponds to the position of the limiting groove (82).
4. The semi-automatic production device for the large-scale high-strength bolt is characterized in that a second vertical bearing (84) is arranged on the side surface of the bearing support (63), a transmission shaft (85) is arranged on the inner surface of the second vertical bearing (84), a first transmission wheel (86) meshed with a second driven wheel (77) is arranged at the upper end of the transmission shaft (85), and a second transmission wheel (87) is arranged at the lower end of the transmission shaft (85).
5. The semi-automatic production device for the large-scale high-strength bolt according to claim 1, wherein a second holding table (88) is arranged on one side of the L-shaped slide rail (4), and a third holding table (89) is arranged on the other side of the L-shaped slide rail (4).
6. The semiautomatic production device for large-scale high-strength bolts as claimed in claim 1, wherein a sawing machine (90) is arranged on one side of the automatic feeding mechanism.
7. The semi-automatic production device of the large high-strength bolt according to claim 1, characterized in that a lathe (91) is arranged below the L-shaped slide rail (4), and a hot heading machine (92) is arranged on one side of the lathe.
CN202020350497.0U 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device Expired - Fee Related CN212071060U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020350497.0U CN212071060U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020350497.0U CN212071060U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212071060U true CN212071060U (en) 2020-12-04

Family

ID=73561598

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020350497.0U Expired - Fee Related CN212071060U (en) 2020-03-20 2020-03-20 Large-scale high strength bolt semi-automatic production device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212071060U (en)

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Granted publication date: 20201204