CN211931441U - Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding - Google Patents

Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211931441U
CN211931441U CN202020436599.4U CN202020436599U CN211931441U CN 211931441 U CN211931441 U CN 211931441U CN 202020436599 U CN202020436599 U CN 202020436599U CN 211931441 U CN211931441 U CN 211931441U
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threshing
machine body
vibrating screen
machine
screening
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CN202020436599.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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金春来
张帅
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Inner Mongolia Jinling Silage Corn Seed Industry Co ltd
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Inner Mongolia Jinling Silage Corn Seed Industry Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage maize breeding, which comprises a machine body; a threshing structure, a primary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode and a secondary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode are sequentially arranged in the machine body from top to bottom; the primary vibrating screen and the secondary vibrating screen are both connected with the inner wall of the machine body through springs; and the first-stage vibrating screen and the second-stage vibrating screen are both provided with vibrating motors. The utility model has the advantages that the structure is simple and the realization is easy; the utility model not only realizes the threshing function, but also realizes the screening function, ensures the cleanliness of corn seed particles, and improves the quality of corn seed threshing finished products; the corn seed grains do not need to be screened manually, so that the labor is saved, the working efficiency is improved, the expenditure of manual impurity removal cost is avoided, and the input cost is reduced; the damage rate of the corn seed grains is reduced, and the integrity of the corn seed grains is ensured.

Description

Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to a maize seed processing equipment, specific theory relates to a silage maize breeding is with parent screening all-in-one of threshing.
Background art:
the silage corn is the main form of silage supply in the livestock husbandry in northern China, and has relatively high biological yield and feeding value. Due to the climate factors in northern China, a variety with short growth period, close planting resistance and good green-keeping property must be selected. The biggest difference between the corn grain and the corn is that the feed value (namely the yield and the quality of the whole plant) is emphasized; the feed has good nutritional quality and high return rate, and can reduce feeding cost. In view of this, the selection of silage maize varieties is required.
When the silage corns are bred, a pollen collecting device is needed to collect pollen of male parents and stamens of the silage corns, and then the collected pollen is used for pollinating female parents of the silage corns to realize pollination of a parent selfing line; the silage corn plant is mature after a period of growth, the mature corn cobs are sent into a corn parent seed threshing machine for threshing, when threshing, the corn cobs are fed from a feeding hole, the corn is impacted in a rotor and a roller which rotate at a high speed, corn kernels on the corn are peeled off, and then the corn kernels and corn cobs are respectively conveyed out. However, the corn kernels obtained by the current corn thresher contain many impurities, have too small volume and are broken, and cannot be used as seeds, so that the corn kernels threshed by the thresher need to be screened, and the corn kernels are screened by manually holding a screen at present, but the following problems exist: 1. the labor cost is increased, time and labor are wasted, and the screening work efficiency is particularly low; 2. the corn seeds after manual screening still contain partial impurities, particles and small-sized corns, so that the quality of the corn seeds is poor.
The utility model has the following contents:
an object of the utility model is to provide a simple structure has improved corn seed finished product quality of threshing, and has saved the parent screening all-in-one of threshing for silage corn breeding of manpower.
The utility model discloses by following technical scheme implement: a parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding comprises a machine body; a threshing structure, a primary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode and a secondary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode are sequentially arranged in the machine body from top to bottom; a feed inlet is formed in the top of the machine body, a corncob outlet is formed in the side wall of the machine body on one side of the partition plate of the threshing structure, and a trash discharge port is formed in the bottom of the machine body; a collecting box is arranged below the impurity discharging port; the primary vibrating screen and the secondary vibrating screen are both connected with the inner wall of the machine body through springs; vibration motors are arranged on the primary vibration sieve and the secondary vibration sieve; a sundry outlet is formed in the machine body positioned at the discharge end of the primary vibrating screen; and a discharge hole is formed in the machine body at the discharge end of the secondary vibrating screen.
Furthermore, the bottom of the machine body is funnel-shaped.
Furthermore, the threshing structure comprises a threshing shaft, a driving motor, helical blades, the partition plate and threshing teeth; the threshing shaft is rotatably arranged in the machine body, and one end of the threshing shaft penetrates through the machine body and is in transmission connection with the output end of the driving motor; the helical blade is fixed on the threshing shaft in the machine body; the clapboard is fixed in the machine body below the threshing shaft; a plurality of through holes are formed in the partition plate; the threshing shaft is provided with a plurality of threshing teeth on the surface, the top in the machine body and the upper surface of the clapboard.
Furthermore, the device also comprises a suction fan and a waste scrap collecting bin; the one-level shale shaker with between the second grade shale shaker a plurality of sweeps collection mouth has been seted up on the organism, the sweeps collect the mouth with the feed inlet in sweeps collection storehouse passes through the collecting pipe intercommunication, is provided with on the collecting pipe the suction fan.
Furthermore, at least 3 universal wheels are uniformly arranged below the collecting box; and a handle is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting box.
The utility model has the advantages that: 1. the utility model has simple structure and easy realization; corn seed grains threshed by a threshing structure fall onto a primary vibrating screen below from a through hole on a partition plate, large impurities are screened out by the primary vibrating screen, then the rest corn grains, broken grains, small impurities and dust continue to fall down through screen holes of the primary vibrating screen, in the falling process, light impurities and dust are sucked away by a suction fan into a waste scrap collecting bin, the rest corn seeds are screened by the primary vibrating screen and discharged from a discharge port, and the broken grains and the small grains fall into a collecting bin below from a impurity discharge port; the corn seed grains do not need to be screened manually, so that the labor is saved, the working efficiency is improved, the expenditure of manual impurity removal cost is avoided, and the input cost is reduced; 2. threshing structure adopts and sets up threshing teeth on threshing shaft, baffle and organism internal top, threshing shaft under specific rotational speed, threshing teeth carry out the rubbing with the hands of imitation manpower to the corn-on-cob, and threshing teeth can not produce the breakage to corn seed grain, has reduced the breakage rate of corn seed grain, has guaranteed the integrality of corn seed grain.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
the corn cob threshing machine comprises a machine body 1, a feeding hole 1.1, a corn cob outlet 1.2, a trash discharging hole 1.3, a trash outlet 1.4, a discharging hole 1.5, a waste chip collecting hole 1.6, a threshing structure 2, a threshing shaft 2.1, a driving motor 2.2, a spiral blade 2.3, a partition plate 2.4, a through hole 2.41, threshing teeth 2.5, a primary vibrating screen 3, a secondary vibrating screen 4, a suction fan 5, a waste chip collecting bin 6, a collecting box 7, a spring 8, a vibrating motor 9, a collecting pipe 10, a universal wheel 11 and a handle 12.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
in the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, as the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. appear, the indicated orientation or positional relationship is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but does not indicate or imply that the indicated device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" as appearing herein are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
As shown in fig. 1, a parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding comprises a machine body 1, a suction fan 5 and a waste scrap collecting bin 6; a threshing structure 2, a primary vibrating screen 3 arranged in an inclined manner and a secondary vibrating screen 4 arranged in an inclined manner are sequentially arranged in the machine body 1 from top to bottom; the top of the machine body 1 is provided with a feeding hole 1.1, the side wall of the machine body 1 at one side of the clapboard 2.4 of the threshing structure 2 is provided with a corncob outlet 1.2, and the bottom of the machine body 1 is funnel-shaped, so that undersize materials (namely, crushed particles and small particles) of the secondary vibrating screen 4 are ensured to fall from the impurity discharging hole 1.3, and material accumulation is avoided; the bottom of the machine body 1 is provided with a trash discharging port 1.3; a collecting box 7 is arranged below the impurity discharging port 1.3; the primary vibrating screen 3 and the secondary vibrating screen 4 are both connected with the inner wall of the machine body 1 through springs 8; the first-stage vibrating screen 3 and the second-stage vibrating screen 4 are both provided with vibrating motors 9; a sundry outlet 1.4 is arranged on the machine body 1 at the discharge end of the primary vibrating screen 3; a discharge port 1.5 is arranged on the machine body 1 at the discharge end of the secondary vibrating screen 4.
The threshing structure 2 comprises a threshing shaft 2.1, a driving motor 2.2, a helical blade 2.3, a clapboard 2.4 and threshing teeth 2.5; a threshing shaft 2.1 is rotatably arranged in the machine body 1, and one end of the threshing shaft 2.1 penetrates through the machine body 1 and is in transmission connection with the output end of a driving motor 2.2; a helical blade 2.3 is fixed on a threshing shaft 2.1 in the machine body 1; a clapboard 2.4 is fixed in the machine body 1 below the threshing shaft 2.1; a plurality of through holes 2.41 are arranged on the partition board 2.4; a plurality of threshing teeth 2.5 are fixed on the surface of the threshing shaft 2.1, the top in the machine body 1 and the upper surface of the clapboard 2.4; when the threshing shaft 2.1 is at a specific rotating speed, the threshing teeth 2.5 can not damage the corn seeds, so that the damage rate of the corn seeds is reduced, and the integrity of the corn seeds is ensured.
A plurality of scrap collecting openings 1.6 are formed in the machine body 1 between the first-stage vibrating screen 3 and the second-stage vibrating screen 4, the scrap collecting openings 1.6 are communicated with a feed inlet of a scrap collecting bin 6 through a collecting pipe 10, and a suction fan 5 is arranged on the collecting pipe 10.
4 universal wheels 11 are uniformly arranged below the collecting box 7; a handle 12 is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting box 7.
The working principle is as follows: the driving motor 2.2 drives the threshing shaft 2.1 to rotate, in the rotating process, corn cobs are fed into the machine body 1 from the feeding port 1.1, the corn cobs are rubbed and extruded by imitating manpower on the threshing teeth 2.5 on the threshing shaft 2.1 and the partition board 2.4 and the threshing teeth 2.5 on the top part in the machine body 1, corn seed grains fall off from corn cobs, the corn cobs are pushed by the helical blades 2.3 to be discharged from a corn cob outlet 1.2, the corn seed grains fall on the first-stage vibrating screen 3 below from through holes 2.41 on the partition board 2.4, the vibrating motor 9 drives the first-stage vibrating screen 3 to vibrate to screen materials, large impurities are screened out after screening, then the remaining corn grains, crushed grains, small-sized impurities and dust continue to fall downwards through the screen holes of the first-stage vibrating screen 3, in the process of the suction fan 5, light impurities and dust are sucked to the waste scrap falling and collected in the waste collection bin 6, the rest of the corn seeds fall on the secondary vibrating screen 4, the vibrating motor 9 drives the secondary vibrating screen 4 to vibrate to screen the materials, the screened plump corn seeds are discharged from the discharge port 1.5, and the crushed grains and the small grains fall into the collecting box 7 below from the impurity discharge port 1.3, so that the utility model realizes the threshing function, realizes the screening function, ensures the cleanliness of the corn seed grains and improves the quality of the corn seed threshing finished product; the corn seed grains do not need to be screened manually, so that the labor is saved, the working efficiency is improved, the expenditure of manual impurity removal cost is avoided, and the input cost is reduced; when the collection box 7 is full, the worker pulls the handle 12 by hand, pulls it out and pours out the waste, and then puts it back in place; the utility model discloses simple structure easily realizes.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding is characterized by comprising a machine body;
a threshing structure, a primary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode and a secondary vibrating screen arranged in an inclined mode are sequentially arranged in the machine body from top to bottom;
a feed inlet is formed in the top of the machine body, a corncob outlet is formed in the side wall of the machine body on one side of the partition plate of the threshing structure, and a trash discharge port is formed in the bottom of the machine body;
a collecting box is arranged below the impurity discharging port;
the primary vibrating screen and the secondary vibrating screen are both connected with the inner wall of the machine body through springs;
vibration motors are arranged on the primary vibration sieve and the secondary vibration sieve;
a sundry outlet is formed in the machine body positioned at the discharge end of the primary vibrating screen; and a discharge hole is formed in the machine body at the discharge end of the secondary vibrating screen.
2. The integrated machine of claim 1, wherein the bottom of the machine body is funnel-shaped.
3. The integrated machine for threshing and screening parents for silage corn breeding according to claim 1, wherein the threshing structure comprises a threshing shaft, a driving motor, a helical blade, the partition plate and threshing teeth;
the threshing shaft is rotatably arranged in the machine body, and one end of the threshing shaft penetrates through the machine body and is in transmission connection with the output end of the driving motor;
the helical blade is fixed on the threshing shaft in the machine body;
the clapboard is fixed in the machine body below the threshing shaft; a plurality of through holes are formed in the partition plate;
the threshing shaft is provided with a plurality of threshing teeth on the surface, the top in the machine body and the upper surface of the clapboard.
4. The integrated machine for threshing and screening of the parent for breeding the silage corn according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the machine further comprises a suction fan and a waste scrap collecting bin;
the one-level shale shaker with between the second grade shale shaker a plurality of sweeps collection mouth has been seted up on the organism, the sweeps collect the mouth with the feed inlet in sweeps collection storehouse passes through the collecting pipe intercommunication, is provided with on the collecting pipe the suction fan.
5. The integrated machine for threshing and screening of the parents for silage corn breeding according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein at least 3 universal wheels are uniformly arranged below the collection box; and a handle is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting box.
6. The all-in-one machine for threshing and screening the silage maize parent seeds for breeding according to claim 4, wherein at least 3 universal wheels are uniformly arranged below the collection box; and a handle is fixedly arranged on one side of the collecting box.
CN202020436599.4U 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding Active CN211931441U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020436599.4U CN211931441U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020436599.4U CN211931441U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding

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CN211931441U true CN211931441U (en) 2020-11-17

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112616451A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kernel of corn stripping off device for corn is threshed
CN113475241A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-10-08 德州市农业科学研究院 Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding
CN115318617A (en) * 2022-08-02 2022-11-11 安徽新世纪种业科技股份有限公司 Combined wheat breeding selection equipment and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112616451A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-09 黑龙江省农垦科学院 A kernel of corn stripping off device for corn is threshed
CN113475241A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-10-08 德州市农业科学研究院 Parent threshing and screening integrated machine for silage corn breeding
CN115318617A (en) * 2022-08-02 2022-11-11 安徽新世纪种业科技股份有限公司 Combined wheat breeding selection equipment and method

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