CN211745621U - Retaining tree pool - Google Patents

Retaining tree pool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211745621U
CN211745621U CN202020321650.7U CN202020321650U CN211745621U CN 211745621 U CN211745621 U CN 211745621U CN 202020321650 U CN202020321650 U CN 202020321650U CN 211745621 U CN211745621 U CN 211745621U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
pipe
water storage
planting
soil
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CN202020321650.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
智勇杰
秦永健
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Shenzhen Gongda International Engineering Design Co ltd
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Shenzhen Gongda International Engineering Design Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020321650.7U priority Critical patent/CN211745621U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

A water storage tree pool comprises a tree pool body, wherein the bottom of the tree pool body is a water storage area, the water storage area is composed of a water storage tank and first gravel of coarse particles filled in the water storage tank, a sand filter layer formed by laying second gravel of fine particles is arranged above the water storage area, and a planting layer formed by laying planting soil is arranged above the sand filter layer; the below or the side below in retaining area are equipped with the drain pipe with municipal administration irrigation canal intercommunication, bury underground in the sand filtration layer horizontal or the filter tube of slope, the one end downwardly extending of filter tube and with the drain pipe intercommunication is located and is equipped with a plurality of filtration apertures on the pipe wall of the filter tube in the sand filtration layer, plants the surface on layer and is less than the sclerosis ground on the soil of basic unit, plants the surface on layer and is equipped with the overflow pipe with the drain pipe intercommunication downwards, overflow pipe upper end mouth of pipe is higher than the surface of planting the layer and is less than the sclerosis ground on the soil of basic unit. The utility model discloses a retaining tree pool simple structure realizes easily, reduces artifical watering trees, has alleviateed gardener's work load.

Description

Retaining tree pool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a tree pool technical field, concretely relates to retaining tree pool.
Background
At present, squares and streets are generally hardened ground, and tree pools are arranged on the hardened ground, so that the growing quality of trees is poor due to water shortage under the condition that the trees planted in the tree pools are not watered manually. In addition, due to the fully hardened ground, when drainage holes of squares and streets are blocked, water accumulation on the ground is easy to occur.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve the above-mentioned problem that prior art exists, provide one kind and can realize the storage and ooze surface water or the rainwater in the catch basin down, and simple structure, realize easily, reduce artifical watering trees, alleviateed the retaining tree pond of garden workman's work load.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a water storage tree pool, include the tree pool body that excavates formation in basic unit's soil, its characterized in that, the bottom of tree pool body is the retaining area, the retaining area comprises catch basin and the first gravel of the coarse grain that fills in the catch basin, the sand filtration layer that forms is laid for the second gravel of fine grain above the retaining area, the planting layer that forms is laid for planting soil above the sand filtration layer;
the utility model discloses a soil treatment device, including the soil of basic unit, the one end downwardly extending of filtration pipe and with the drain pipe intercommunication are located the drain pipe that is equipped with municipal irrigation canal intercommunication is equipped with below or the side below in the region of retaining, horizontal or the filter tube of slope has been buried underground in the sand filtration layer, the one end downwardly extending of filter tube and with the drain pipe intercommunication is located be equipped with a plurality of filtration apertures on the pipe wall of the filtration pipe in the sand filtration layer, the surface on planting the layer is less than harden ground on the soil of basic unit, the surface on planting the layer downwards be equipped with the overflow pipe of.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the inslot degree of depth of catch basin is 100 to 300mm, first gravel fill up in the inslot of catch basin.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the pipe diameter of drain pipe is not less than 100mm, the pipe diameter of filter tube is not less than 50mm, the pipe diameter of overflow pipe is not less than 50 mm.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, be located the parcel has filter cloth or sponge on the outer wall of the filter tube in the sand filtration layer.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the upper end mouth of pipe of overflow pipe is equipped with and filters the comb net.
As the utility model discloses a further preferred technical scheme plants the surperficial nutrition pipe that still is equipped with downwards on layer, the upper end mouth of pipe of nutrition pipe expose in plant the surperficial top on layer, the lower extreme mouth of pipe of nutrition pipe insert to in the first gravel in the catch basin.
As a further preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the surface of planting the layer still be equipped with the overburden of the sclerosis ground parallel and level on the soil of basic unit, the overburden is rubble or grid.
The utility model discloses a retaining tree pool through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can reach following beneficial effect:
1) the storage of surface water or rainwater seeping into the water storage tank can be realized;
2) when the water permeating into the water storage tank is larger than the maximum storage capacity of the water storage tank, the surface water or the rainwater can be drained in a grading manner;
3) the utility model can filter a small amount of accumulated water into clean water through the sand filtering layer and then discharge the clean water through the filtering pipe, and when a large amount of accumulated water appears, the clean water can be quickly discharged through the overflow pipe in time;
4) the utility model discloses a retaining tree pool simple structure realizes easily, has reduced artifical watering trees, has alleviateed gardener's work load.
Drawings
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an example provided by the utility model of a water-retaining tree pool.
In the figure: 1. basic unit's soil, 2, nutrition tube, 3, planting soil, 4, trees, 5, overflow pipe, 6, sclerosis ground, 7, drain pipe, 8, filter tube, 9, first gravel, 10, catch basin, 11, second gravel.
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved method and apparatus for operating a computer.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description. In the preferred embodiments, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "middle" and "a" are used for the sake of clarity only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, its relative relationship between the terms and their derivatives, and the scope of the invention should be understood as being limited by the claims.
As shown in figure 1, a retaining tree pond, it includes the tree pond body of digging formation in basic unit's soil 1, the bottom of tree pond body is the water storage area, the water storage area comprises catch basin 10 and the first gravel 9 of the coarse grain of packing in catch basin 10, the sand filter who forms is laid for the second gravel 11 of fine grain in the top of water storage area, the planting layer of formation is laid for planting soil 3 in the top of sand filter, trees 4 are planted in planting the layer, along with the production of 4 root systems of trees, can prick into downwards gradually, first gravel 9 in this catch basin 10 is the coarse grain, the clearance is big, water-holding capacity is strong, the surface water of infiltration downwards can be collected in catch basin 10 by planting layer and sand filter to provide the water source for trees 4 grow.
The below or the side below in retaining area are equipped with drain pipe 7 with municipal irrigation canal intercommunication, horizontal or the filter tube 8 of slope has been buried underground in the sand filtration layer, filter tube 8's one end downwardly extending and communicate with drain pipe 7, be located and be equipped with a plurality of filtration apertures on the pipe wall of filter tube 8 in the sand filtration layer, when long-term rainy or surface water is more, the water of infiltration catch basin 10 is when full, 1 unable excessive water seepage flow of process of basic unit's soil simultaneously goes out, can lead to a large amount of ponding of tree pool body this moment, too much ponding can make when sand filtration layer water content is too high, permeate filter tube 8 in the aperture through on the 8 pipe walls of filter tube, and then discharge to municipal irrigation canal through drain pipe 7, and simultaneously, the sand filtration layer still has the ability of carrying out the filtration to sewage.
The thickness degree of the sand is divided into four grades of coarse, medium, fine and extra-fine according to the fineness modulus (muf), and the range of the thickness degree of the sand meets the following regulations: coarse sand: μ f is 3.7 to 3.1; medium sand: μ f is 3.0 to 2.3; fine sand: μ f is 2.2 to 1.6; ultra-fine sand: and μ f is 1.5 to 0.7. It should be noted that the coarse particles in the present invention are in accordance with the size range of coarse sand, and the fine particles are in accordance with the size range of fine sand.
The surface of planting the layer is less than sclerosis ground 6 on basic unit's soil 1, the surface of planting the layer is equipped with overflow pipe 5 with drain pipe 7 intercommunication downwards, 5 upper end mouths of pipe of overflow pipe are higher than the surface of planting the layer and are less than sclerosis ground 6 on the basic unit's soil 1, because be sclerosis ground 6 around the tree pool body, when the rainwater that flows to the tree pool body is greater than the seepage velocity of filter tube 8, make the surface of planting the layer and 6 a large amount of pondings in whole sclerosis ground very easily, ponding is at 5 inflow drain pipes 7 of the surface accessible overflow pipe of planting the layer this moment, and then discharge to municipal irrigation canal through drain pipe 7, the problem of surface ponding has prevented effectively to appear.
In one embodiment, the depth of the water storage tank 10 is 100 to 300mm, the first gravel 9 is filled in the water storage tank 10, the pipe diameter of the water discharge pipe 7 is not less than 100mm, the pipe diameter of the filter pipe 8 is not less than 50mm, and the pipe diameter of the overflow pipe 5 is not less than 50 mm.
Preferably, the outer wall of the filter pipe 8 in the sand filter layer is wrapped with filter cloth or sponge, and the filter cloth or sponge can prevent the second gravel 11 of the sand filter layer from blocking the small holes on the filter pipe 8. The upper end mouth of pipe of overflow pipe 5 is equipped with and filters the comb net, and it can prevent that rubbish from blockking up the mouth of pipe of overflow pipe 5 to filter the comb net.
As a further preferred scheme of this embodiment, the surface of the planting layer is also provided with a nutrition tube 2 downwards, the upper end orifice of the nutrition tube 2 is exposed above the surface of the planting layer, the lower end orifice of the nutrition tube 2 is inserted into the first gravel 9 in the water storage tank 10, and the nutrition liquid can be put into the water storage tank 10 through the nutrition tube 2, so that the trees 4 can be fully absorbed. In addition, when drought occurs, water can be injected into the water storage tank 10 through the nutrient tube 2, so that water can be saved compared with ground watering.
In specific implementation, the surface of the planting layer is also provided with a covering layer which is level to the hardened ground 6 on the base soil 1, and the covering layer is broken stone or a grid mesh.
Although specific embodiments of the present invention have been described above, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that these are merely examples and that many changes and modifications may be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. A water storage tree pool comprises a tree pool body formed by digging in base soil, and is characterized in that the bottom of the tree pool body is a water storage area, the water storage area consists of a water storage tank and first gravel of coarse particles filled in the water storage tank, a sand filter layer formed by laying second gravel of fine particles is arranged above the water storage area, and a planting layer formed by laying planting soil is arranged above the sand filter layer;
the utility model discloses a soil treatment device, including the soil of basic unit, the one end downwardly extending of filtration pipe and with the drain pipe intercommunication are located the drain pipe that is equipped with municipal irrigation canal intercommunication is equipped with below or the side below in the region of retaining, horizontal or the filter tube of slope has been buried underground in the sand filtration layer, the one end downwardly extending of filter tube and with the drain pipe intercommunication is located be equipped with a plurality of filtration apertures on the pipe wall of the filtration pipe in the sand filtration layer, the surface on planting the layer is less than harden ground on the soil of basic unit, the surface on planting the layer downwards be equipped with the overflow pipe of.
2. A water tree as claimed in claim 1 wherein the reservoir has an in-tank depth of 100 to 300mm and the first gravel is packed in the reservoir tank.
3. A tree impoundment as claimed in claim 1 wherein the pipe diameter of the drainage pipe is no less than 100mm, the pipe diameter of the filtration pipe is no less than 50mm and the pipe diameter of the overflow pipe is no less than 50 mm.
4. The impounded tree pond of claim 1, wherein the outer wall of the filtering tubes in the sand filtering layer is wrapped with filter cloth or sponge.
5. The impounded tree pond of claim 1, wherein the upper end orifice of the overflow pipe is provided with a filtering grate.
6. The impounded tree pond of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a nutrient tube is further arranged on the surface of the planting layer downwards, an upper end nozzle of the nutrient tube is exposed above the surface of the planting layer, and a lower end nozzle of the nutrient tube is inserted into the first gravel in the impounded water tank.
7. A impounded tree pond as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the surface of the planted layer is further provided with a cover layer flush with the hardened ground on the base soil, the cover layer being crushed stone or a grid.
CN202020321650.7U 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Retaining tree pool Active CN211745621U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020321650.7U CN211745621U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Retaining tree pool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020321650.7U CN211745621U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Retaining tree pool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211745621U true CN211745621U (en) 2020-10-27

Family

ID=72930345

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020321650.7U Active CN211745621U (en) 2020-03-13 2020-03-13 Retaining tree pool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211745621U (en)

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