CN211595191U - Combined type chinampa wetland purifier - Google Patents

Combined type chinampa wetland purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211595191U
CN211595191U CN201922294447.5U CN201922294447U CN211595191U CN 211595191 U CN211595191 U CN 211595191U CN 201922294447 U CN201922294447 U CN 201922294447U CN 211595191 U CN211595191 U CN 211595191U
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floating island
plate
unit
water purification
purification device
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CN201922294447.5U
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王耀彬
廖晨曦
蔡溢炜
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Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
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Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

A combined floating island wetland water purification device comprises a floating island carrier, a plurality of floating island units, a biochar substrate unit, a solar power generation mechanism, an aeration mechanism and an electrolysis mechanism; the floating island unit is arranged on the upper surface of the floating island carrier; the biochar substrate unit is fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier; the solar power generation mechanism comprises a solar panel and a storage battery block, the solar panel is fixed above the floating island carrier, and the storage battery block is electrically connected with the aeration mechanism and the electrolysis mechanism; the aeration mechanism comprises an aerator and an air inlet pipe which are arranged below the biochar substrate unit; the electrolysis mechanism comprises a cathode plate and an anode plate which are respectively arranged at two sides of the aerator. The utility model discloses a combined type chinampa wetland purifier utilizes solar power generation mechanism to provide the energy for aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism, synthesizes chinampa unit, biological charcoal matrix unit, aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism simultaneously, gets rid of the different kinds of pollutants in the sewage, whole device simple structure, and the utilization efficiency is high.

Description

Combined type chinampa wetland purifier
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a water pollution administers the field, in particular to combined type chinampa wetland purifier.
Background
The existing black and odorous water body treatment process mainly comprises exogenous pollution control, endogenous pollution control and ecological restoration, wherein the ecological restoration is an important process which can maintain the treatment result of the black and odorous river channel for a long time, the ecological restoration is to put in an ecological floating island to carry out ecological revetment, and plants and microorganisms are utilized to absorb pollutants in water, so that the water quality and the soil environment of the river bank are further improved, and the water body ecology is restored. The traditional floating island wetland water purification device has no pertinence in the treatment of different types of polluted water bodies, such as dye-polluted water bodies, oil-polluted water bodies, heavy metal-polluted water bodies and the like, and the overall treatment efficiency of the polluted water bodies is low. Meanwhile, the traditional ecological floating island structure focuses on the utilization of the space above water, and the development degree of the underwater space water purification is not high, so that the whole water purification capacity is not strong.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides a combined type chinampa wetland purifier synthesizes chinampa unit, biological charcoal matrix unit, aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism, and all-round multi-level is got rid of to the different types pollutant in the sewage to make each item index of water all reach normal level, whole device simple structure, the utilization efficiency is high.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a combined floating island wetland water purification device comprises a floating island carrier, a plurality of floating island units, a biochar substrate unit, a solar power generation mechanism, an aeration mechanism and an electrolysis mechanism; the floating island unit is arranged on the upper surface of the floating island carrier and comprises a floating plate and an aquatic plant planting basket, and the aquatic plant planting basket is fixed in the floating plate; the biochar substrate unit is fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier and covers the whole floating island unit; the solar power generation mechanism comprises a solar panel and a storage battery block, the solar panel is fixed above the floating island carrier, the solar panel is electrically connected with the storage battery block through a controller, and the storage battery block is electrically connected with the aeration mechanism and the electrolysis mechanism through an inverter respectively; the aeration mechanism comprises an aerator arranged below the biological carbon matrix unit and an air inlet pipe extending out of the center of the floating island carrier and exposed in the air; the electrolysis mechanism comprises a cathode plate and an anode plate which are respectively arranged at two sides of the aerator.
In the technical scheme, further, a dissolved oxygen probe is arranged below the aerator, and the aerator and the dissolved oxygen probe are electrically connected with the PLC control system.
Furthermore, the biochar substrate unit comprises a biochar substrate fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier, and a bionic aquatic weed filler is fixed below the biochar substrate.
Further, the biochar substrate is a gap loaded with microorganisms.
Furthermore, the bionic aquatic weed filler comprises a central rope and a plurality of fiber monomers fixed on the central rope, and the central rope is embedded with slow-release microbial strains.
Furthermore, a partition board is arranged below the biochar substrate unit and covers the whole floating island carrier.
Further, the aquatic plants are planted with one or more of reed, calamus, canna and cane shoots.
Furthermore, the cathode plate is an iron plate, and the anode plate is a graphite plate.
Further, the cathode plate is an iron plate, and the anode plate is an iron plate.
Furthermore, the cathode plate is an aluminum plate, and the anode plate is an iron plate.
Advantageous effects
The utility model discloses compound chinampa unit, biological charcoal matrix unit, solar energy power generation mechanism, aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism and form a comprehensive chinampa wetland purifier, the ecosystem that the major part relied on to constitute between four people of biological charcoal-microorganism-animal-plant purifies sewage in coordination. The floating island unit absorbs the pollution elements in the water body through developed root systems of plants, meanwhile, the root systems of the plants also absorb a small amount of pollutants from the water, and provide suitable survival conditions for aerobic microorganisms through oxygen secretion of the root systems, so that the plants such as reed, calamus, canna, cane shoots and the like have good phosphorus removal effects; the biochar matrix unit is used for culturing the microbial bacteria to enable the microbial bacteria to be loaded in the biochar gaps to form a biochar matrix system, so that the microbes can be protected from being phagocytized by protozoa, and meanwhile, the microbes can also oxidize and decompose pollutants adsorbed by the biochar, so that the biochar is desorbed, and the biochar is recycled; aiming at sewage with over-high organic content, such as sewage discharged by starch factories and sugar factories, an aeration mechanism is added to promote aerobic microorganisms to decompose organic matters, oxygen is input into water by utilizing an aeration device to promote flocculation of the aerobic microorganisms and various biochemical reactions to promote biological purification of pollutants in the sewage by a water body, and a dissolved oxygen probe arranged below an aerator is used for detecting the dissolved oxygen content in the water body in real time to adjust the dissolved oxygen content in the water in time; the electrolysis mechanism can remove pollutants such as heavy metals, suspended matters and the like, and can replace electrodes of different types according to different types of the pollutants. The utility model discloses a combined type chinampa wetland purifier, utilize solar power generation mechanism to provide the energy for aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism, utilize solar energy transformation to carry out sewage purification treatment for the whole equipment of electric energy drive, compare in electric drive device, more effective energy-conservation, very environmental protection, synthesize the chinampa unit simultaneously, biological charcoal matrix unit, aeration mechanism and electrolysis mechanism, all-round multi-level gets rid of to the different kinds of pollutants in the sewage, thereby each item index that makes water all reaches normal level, whole device simple structure, the utilization efficiency is high.
The utility model discloses a solar panel arranges chinampa central authorities in among combined type chinampa wetland purifier, plants landscape plant all around, and the buoyancy of utilization water makes the device come-up in the surface of water, not only is applicable to and handles domestic sewage, can be used to the urban river way clearance in addition, rural pond, the blowdown of mill etc. various green plants can be planted on the device upper strata, beautifies the environment when purifying the water, gives other people the enjoyment in the vision, provides better living environment for the mankind that lives around the sewage water.
The utility model discloses an electrolysis mechanism chooses for use corresponding electrode to make harmful substance in the waste water to pass through the electrolytic process and take place oxidation and reduction reaction respectively on the positive and negative poles for use to sewage quality difference, and the conversion becomes harmless substance in order to realize waste water purification. The sewage contains cyanogen, phenol and various organic matters, and pollutants can be removed by an oxidation method by adopting a graphite plate as an anode and an iron plate as a cathode; the sewage contains heavy metals such as hexavalent chromium, and pollutants can be removed by a reduction method by adopting an iron plate as an anode and an iron plate as a cathode; the waste water which needs to be decolored and deoiled and the waste liquid containing heavy metal ions and paper-making pulping waste liquid can adopt an iron plate or an aluminum plate as an anode and an iron plate as a cathode, and pollutants are removed by utilizing a coagulation method.
The utility model discloses a biochar matrix unit's main function is because biochar itself has very big specific surface area and superstrong adsorption efficiency, biochar itself can adsorb more pollution element, make it roll out the water, and huge specific surface can provide the attachment site for the microorganism, microorganism attached to on the biochar is through the oxidation metabolism with the pollutant decomposition, the bionical pasture and water filler that biochar matrix lower part used includes central rope, be fixed in several fibre monomers on the central rope, fibre monomer is cyclic annular radioactive structure, cyclic annular fibre monomer arranges on central rope through weaving, have very big specific surface area, can reach 10 times that ordinary combination formula was packed.
Drawings
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the combined floating island wetland water purification device of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the floating island unit and the biochar substrate unit of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the operation principle of the combined floating island wetland water purification device of the utility model.
In the drawings:
1. floating island carrier 2, floating island unit 21, floating plate 22 and aquatic plant planting basket
3. Biochar substrate unit 31, biochar substrate 32, bionic aquatic weed filler 4 and solar power generation mechanism
41. Solar panel 42, battery block 43, controller 44, inverter
5. Aeration mechanism 51, aerator 52, air inlet pipe 6 and electrolysis mechanism
61. Cathode plate 62, anode plate 7, dissolved oxygen probe 8, separator
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the composite floating island wetland water purification device comprises a floating island carrier 1, a plurality of floating island units 2, a biochar substrate unit 3, a solar power generation mechanism 4, an aeration mechanism 5 and an electrolysis mechanism 6; the floating island unit 2 is arranged on the upper surface of the floating island carrier 1, the floating island unit 2 comprises a floating plate 21 and an aquatic plant planting basket 22, and the aquatic plant planting basket 22 is fixed in the floating plate 21; the biochar substrate unit 3 is fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier 1 and covers the whole floating island unit 2; the solar power generation mechanism 4 comprises a solar panel 41 and a storage battery block 42, the solar panel 41 is fixed above the floating island carrier 1, the solar panel 41 is electrically connected with the storage battery block 42 through a controller 43, and the storage battery block 42 is respectively and electrically connected with the aeration mechanism 5 and the electrolysis mechanism 6 through an inverter 44; the aeration mechanism 5 comprises an aerator 51 arranged below the biochar substrate unit 3 and an air inlet pipe 52 which extends out from the center of the floating island carrier 1 and is exposed in the air; the electrolysis mechanism 6 comprises a cathode plate 61 and an anode plate 62 which are respectively arranged at two sides of the aerator 51.
The dissolved oxygen probe 7 is arranged below the aerator 51, and both the aerator 51 and the dissolved oxygen probe 7 are electrically connected with the PLC control system. In this example, the type of the aerator is QSB0.75 or QSB1.5, and the type of the PLC control system is FX1N-40MR-001 manufactured by mitsubishi corporation of japan.
The biochar substrate unit 3 comprises a biochar substrate 31 fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier 1, and a bionic aquatic weed filler 32 is fixed below the biochar substrate 31.
The biochar substrate 31 is a substrate in which microorganisms are loaded in the gaps.
The bionic aquatic weed filler 32 comprises a central rope and a plurality of fiber monomers fixed on the central rope, and the central rope is embedded with slow-release microbial strains.
A partition plate 8 is arranged below the biochar substrate unit 3, and the partition plate 8 covers the whole floating island carrier 1.
The aquatic plant planting basket 22 is used for planting one or more of reed, calamus, canna and cane shoots.
The cathode plate 61 is an iron plate, and the anode plate 62 is a graphite plate.
The cathode plate 61 is an iron plate, and the anode plate 62 is an iron plate.
The cathode plate 61 is an aluminum plate and the anode plate 62 is an iron plate.
The basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above, and it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited by the above embodiments, which are only illustrative, but also various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the present invention as claimed, which is defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a combined type chinampa wetland purifier which characterized in that: comprises a floating island carrier (1), a plurality of floating island units (2), a biochar substrate unit (3), a solar power generation mechanism (4), an aeration mechanism (5) and an electrolysis mechanism (6); the floating island unit (2) is arranged on the upper surface of the floating island carrier (1), the floating island unit (2) comprises a floating plate (21) and an aquatic plant planting basket (22), and the aquatic plant planting basket (22) is fixed in the floating plate (21); the biochar substrate unit (3) is fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier (1) and covers the whole floating island unit (2); the solar power generation mechanism (4) comprises a solar panel (41) and a storage battery block (42), the solar panel (41) is fixed above the floating island carrier (1), the solar panel (41) is electrically connected with the storage battery block (42) through a controller (43), and the storage battery block (42) is electrically connected with the aeration mechanism (5) and the electrolysis mechanism (6) through an inverter (44) respectively; the aeration mechanism (5) comprises an aerator (51) arranged below the biochar substrate unit (3) and an air inlet pipe (52) extending out of the center of the floating island carrier (1) and exposed to the air; the electrolysis mechanism (6) comprises a cathode plate (61) and an anode plate (62) which are respectively arranged at two sides of the aerator (51).
2. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: a dissolved oxygen probe (7) is arranged below the aerator (51), and the aerator (51) and the dissolved oxygen probe (7) are electrically connected with a PLC control system.
3. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: the biological carbon matrix unit (3) comprises a biological carbon matrix (31) fixed on the lower surface of the floating island carrier (1), and a bionic aquatic weed filler (32) is fixed below the biological carbon matrix (31).
4. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 3, wherein: the biochar substrate (31) is a structure that microorganisms are loaded in gaps.
5. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 3, wherein: the bionic aquatic weed filler (32) comprises a central rope and a plurality of fiber monomers fixed on the central rope, and the central rope is embedded with slow-release microbial strains.
6. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: and a partition plate (8) is arranged below the biochar substrate unit (3), and the partition plate (8) covers the whole floating island carrier (1).
7. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: the aquatic plant planting basket (22) is used for planting one or more of reed, calamus, canna and cane shoots.
8. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: the cathode plate (61) is an iron plate, and the anode plate (62) is a graphite plate.
9. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: the cathode plate (61) is an iron plate, and the anode plate (62) is an iron plate.
10. The combined floating island wetland water purification device of claim 1, which is characterized in that: the cathode plate (61) is an aluminum plate, and the anode plate (62) is an iron plate.
CN201922294447.5U 2019-12-19 2019-12-19 Combined type chinampa wetland purifier Active CN211595191U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113429075A (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-09-24 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 Black-odor river restoration system and application thereof
CN113479992A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-10-08 河海大学 Three-dimensional ecological floating island for water denitrification by combining electro-catalysis and aquatic plants
CN113698040A (en) * 2021-09-03 2021-11-26 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Ecological prosthetic devices of multi-functional type changjiang river basin non-point source pollution
CN113880235A (en) * 2021-11-16 2022-01-04 吉林建筑大学 Solar energy combined type electrolysis sewage treatment flotation device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113479992A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-10-08 河海大学 Three-dimensional ecological floating island for water denitrification by combining electro-catalysis and aquatic plants
CN113479992B (en) * 2021-06-16 2023-10-20 河海大学 Three-dimensional ecological floating island combining electrocatalytic and aquatic plant for denitrification of water body
CN113429075A (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-09-24 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 Black-odor river restoration system and application thereof
CN113698040A (en) * 2021-09-03 2021-11-26 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Ecological prosthetic devices of multi-functional type changjiang river basin non-point source pollution
CN113880235A (en) * 2021-11-16 2022-01-04 吉林建筑大学 Solar energy combined type electrolysis sewage treatment flotation device
CN113880235B (en) * 2021-11-16 2023-03-07 吉林建筑大学 Solar energy combined type electrolysis sewage treatment flotation device

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