CN211573548U - Box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel - Google Patents

Box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211573548U
CN211573548U CN201922357265.8U CN201922357265U CN211573548U CN 211573548 U CN211573548 U CN 211573548U CN 201922357265 U CN201922357265 U CN 201922357265U CN 211573548 U CN211573548 U CN 211573548U
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China
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trolley
installation
tray
oil cylinder
box culvert
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杨明波
荣祥峰
张兆奎
白代柱
徐腾
何晴
李元
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Shandong Tieying Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Shandong Tieying Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a shield tunnel middle box culvert mounting trolley, which comprises a following trolley arranged along the parallel direction of the tunnel and a middle box culvert mounting trolley arranged on the following trolley; the accompanying trolley and the middle box culvert installation trolley move relatively. The utility model provides an intermediate box culvert mounting trolley which realizes the lifting of the device through a telescopic support oil cylinder on a traveling trolley, a mounting trolley telescopic support oil cylinder on a mounting trolley and a vertical oil cylinder of a mounting tray on the mounting trolley; the transverse translation of the device is realized through a transverse moving oil cylinder on the following trolley; the longitudinal translation position adjustment of the mounting tray is realized through a longitudinal tray moving oil cylinder on the mounting trolley; the angle of the mounting tray is adjusted through the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder; through the arrangement of the oil cylinders at all levels, the lifting, longitudinal movement, transverse movement and rotation adjustment of the installation trolley are realized, the installation precision of the installation trolley is ensured, and the error range of +/-1 cm can be realized.

Description

Box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of tunnel construction, especially, box culvert installation platform truck in middle of shield tunnel.
Background
The shield method is a fully-mechanized construction method in the construction of the undercut method, and the shield method construction has obvious advantages of high safety, high mechanization degree, high tunneling speed and the like, and is widely used in tunnel construction.
In a large-diameter shield tunnel, the middle box culvert is an important component of a structure below a road surface. After the middle box culvert is installed, the bottom surface of the middle box culvert is in contact with the inner arc surface of the segment of the shield tunnel, so that the middle box culvert bears the vertical load of a pavement structure, and the middle box culvert is internally provided with a rail transit area, a pipe gallery or other functional areas. Therefore, the installation of the middle box culvert in the shield tunnel construction process requires high precision, and the top surface of the middle box culvert is the only channel of the segment car and the material transport vehicle after installation, so that the installation must be carried out synchronously with the tunneling of the shield machine. The box culvert structure is prefabricated in a factory, the middle box culvert is hoisted and laid by the shield machine when the shield machine tunnels, and the hoisting equipment in the shield machine cannot meet the installation precision requirement because the middle box culvert can not occupy the shield machine for a long time in the installation and construction process.
The published patent document 'an integral hydraulic template applied to box culvert prefabrication' (application number: CN201910596072.X) provides a template system comprising an inner mold component, a bottom mold component, an outer mold component, an end mold component and a template blocking component, the prefabrication quality is high and stable, however, the technology needs to be disassembled and modeled, the labor intensity cannot be reduced, and the construction efficiency is still to be improved; "a box culvert construction method based on movable internal mould trolley" (application number: CN201910500910.9) discloses a box culvert construction method, which comprises the steps of box culvert bottom plate construction, trolley running track laying, inner template trolley installation, inner template trolley moving, external template dismantling and entering the next construction section; the method has multiple processes and long time consumption, and meanwhile, the installation precision cannot be improved.
Aiming at the field of shield tunnel construction in the prior art, no special mounting equipment is provided for accurately and quickly mounting the middle box culvert.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving prior art's above defect, the utility model provides a box culvert installation platform truck and construction method in the middle of the shield tunnel to box culvert high accuracy, high efficiency, with the effect of shield structure machine synchronous construction in the middle of realizing.
The technical scheme is as follows:
a shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley comprises a following trolley arranged in the parallel direction of a tunnel and an installation trolley arranged on the following trolley; the following trolley and the mounting trolley move relatively.
Preferably, the pallet truck comprises end beams at the top, support legs at the bottom, a longitudinal truss connecting the end beams at the two ends, and telescopic support legs connecting the end beams and the support legs in the vertical direction.
Preferably, the telescopic support leg comprises a telescopic support leg guide sleeve, a telescopic support leg guide rod and a telescopic support leg oil cylinder, cavities are arranged in the telescopic support leg guide sleeve and the telescopic support leg guide rod, the telescopic support leg guide rod is sleeved in the telescopic support leg guide sleeve, the top end of the telescopic support leg oil cylinder is fixed on the end cross beam, the bottom end of the telescopic support leg oil cylinder is fixed at the bottom end of the telescopic support leg guide rod, and the telescopic support leg oil cylinder stretches to drive the telescopic support leg guide rod to slide along the telescopic support leg guide sleeve so as;
more preferably, the bottom end of the telescopic leg guide rod is provided with a transverse support, the top of the support leg is provided with a transverse rail, the transverse rail is provided with a pallet transverse oil cylinder, and the pallet transverse oil cylinder stretches and drives the transverse support and the pallet to transversely translate along the transverse rail;
more preferably, as the pallet truck, the loaded middle box culvert, the mounting pallet truck and the middle box culvert are very heavy, in order to ensure the stability of the transverse moving process of the pallet truck, transverse moving connecting rods are arranged on two sides of a transverse moving oil cylinder of the pallet truck and in a direction parallel to the transverse rail, the transverse moving connecting rods are clamped on two sides of the transverse rail, two ends of each transverse moving connecting rod are hinged to transverse moving supports at two ends, one end of the transverse moving oil cylinder of the pallet truck is hinged to the transverse rail, the other end of the transverse moving oil cylinder of the pallet truck is hinged to the end of each transverse moving connecting rod, and when the transverse moving oil cylinder of the pallet truck stretches out and draws back, the transverse moving connecting rods are driven to slide on the transverse rail, so.
Preferably, the mounting trolley comprises a frame cross beam at the top end, a frame longitudinal beam connected with the frame cross beam, a connecting part fixed with the frame longitudinal beam and sequentially arranged from top to bottom, a telescopic support leg of the mounting trolley and a support leg of the mounting trolley; the telescopic supporting leg of the installation trolley comprises an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve, an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod and an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder arranged inside the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve and the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod, and the telescopic driving of the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder drives the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod to slide along the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve, so that the installation trolley is lifted.
The utility model provides an intermediate box culvert installation platform truck still provides longitudinal movement, rotational movement's regulatory function in order to realize the accurate adjustment of platform truck.
Preferably, the top of the mounting trolley is provided with a longitudinal moving tray and a mounting tray, and the mounting trolley further comprises a longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder and a mounting tray rotating oil cylinder, the top of a frame longitudinal beam of the mounting trolley is provided with a guide rail, and the bottom of the longitudinal moving tray is clamped on the guide rail and longitudinally moves along the direction of the frame longitudinal beam; one end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder is hinged to the frame longitudinal beam, and the other end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder is connected to the longitudinal moving tray; the mounting tray is placed at the top of the longitudinal moving tray; one end of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder is hinged to the frame of the longitudinal moving tray, and the other end of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder is connected to the mounting tray; the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder stretches to drive the longitudinal moving tray and the mounting tray to longitudinally move along the tunnel direction; thereby the installation tray angle fine setting will be installed in the flexible installation tray that drives of installation tray rotary cylinder for indulging the tray rotation, reduces the section of jurisdiction and the contained angle between the last section of jurisdiction of middle box culvert, carries out the installation process after aligning two sections of jurisdiction.
Furthermore, the top end of the mounting tray is also provided with a vertical oil cylinder of the mounting tray, so that the height of the middle box culvert pipe piece is further precisely adjusted.
Preferably, the utility model provides a middle box culvert installation platform truck is last still to have set up running gear to realize the walking function of retinue platform truck and installation platform truck relative movement and middle box culvert installation platform truck. The walking mechanism comprises a longitudinal moving guide rail arranged along the longitudinal truss on the following trolley, a walking power mechanism and a walking transmission mechanism, and the walking transmission mechanism can be selected from a rack transmission mechanism or a chain transmission mechanism.
More preferably, the travelling mechanism comprises a longitudinal moving guide rail arranged along the longitudinal truss on the following trolley, a spur rack arranged on the inner side of the longitudinal moving guide rail, a travelling power mechanism fixed on the mounting trolley and travelling wheels; the connecting part of the installation trolley is provided with a longitudinal cavity, and the longitudinal moving guide rail passes through the cavity of the connecting part, and two ends of the longitudinal moving guide rail are connected to cross beams at two ends of the traveling trolley; the walking wheels comprise two walking wheels arranged at the top end and the bottom end of the cavity of the connecting part, and the walking wheels are positioned at two ends of the longitudinal moving guide rail and roll along the longitudinal moving guide rail;
more preferably, the traveling power mechanism comprises two forward and reverse rotating motors symmetrically fixed on the frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley, teeth of the spur rack are downward and meshed with gears on the output shaft of the motors, when the motors rotate in one direction, the frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley and the installation trolley are driven to move forward along the longitudinal moving guide rail on the traveling trolley, and when the motors rotate in the other direction, the frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley and the installation trolley are driven to move backward along the longitudinal moving guide rail on the traveling trolley, so that the relative movement of the installation trolley and the traveling trolley is realized.
And the gear of the output shaft of the motor is arranged in the gear box.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
(1) the utility model provides an intermediate box culvert mounting trolley which realizes the lifting of the device through a telescopic support oil cylinder on a traveling trolley, a mounting trolley telescopic support oil cylinder on a mounting trolley and a vertical oil cylinder of a mounting tray on the mounting trolley; the transverse translation of the device is realized through a transverse moving oil cylinder on the following trolley; the longitudinal translation position adjustment of the mounting tray is realized through a longitudinal tray moving oil cylinder on the mounting trolley; the angle of the mounting tray is adjusted through the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder; through the arrangement of the oil cylinders at all levels, the lifting, longitudinal movement, transverse movement and rotation adjustment of the installation trolley are realized, the installation precision of the installation trolley is ensured, and the error range of +/-1 cm can be realized.
(2) The device has compact structure, can carry out installation and construction on 3 tunnel segments (intermediate box culvert segments) after the following trolley is fixed for one time, has small length, namely the following trolley, occupies small area, saves space, avoids the disassembly and assembly process, and greatly saves construction time and labor intensity of workers; after the installation is accomplished a middle box culvert section of jurisdiction, can carry out the installation of next section of jurisdiction immediately, the installation effectiveness is high, the fastness is good.
(3) The device adopts the positive and negative rotation of the motor to realize the relative motion of the following trolley and the mounting trolley, and the following trolley longitudinally translates along the tunnel, so the moving speed is high;
(4) utilize running gear to realize the utility model provides an intermediate box culvert installation platform truck is whole to be removed along the tunnel.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which form a part of the specification, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without unduly limiting the scope of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the arrangement position of a shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley in a tunnel and a middle box culvert;
FIG. 2 is a structural side view of a shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley;
FIG. 3 is an end elevational view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the direction B-B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along the direction C-C of FIG. 2;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the middle box culvert installation trolley for the shield tunnel provided by the utility model;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a traveling mechanism of a traveling trolley in a shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installation trolley;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of a longitudinal movement guide rail structure of a traveling mechanism of the pallet truck;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of the traveling power mechanism and the longitudinal movement guide rail structure of the traveling mechanism of the pallet truck;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of an oil cylinder mounting structure at a pallet foot;
FIG. 12 is a first schematic view of a traveling process of a shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a traveling process of a shield tunnel intermediate box culvert mounting trolley II;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of a shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installation trolley installing the (N + 1) th intermediate box culvert segment;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installation trolley mounting the (N + 2) th intermediate box culvert segments;
fig. 16 is a schematic view of a process of mounting N +3 intermediate box culvert segments by a shield tunnel intermediate box culvert mounting trolley;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a mounting trolley travelling mechanism in a shield tunnel middle box culvert mounting trolley.
Wherein, 1-middle box culvert, 2-pallet truck, 3-installation pallet truck, 4-running gear, 5-middle box culvert steel pipe cross brace, 21-end beam, 22-supporting foot, 23-telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve, 24-telescopic supporting leg guide rod, 25-telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder, 26-transverse moving support, 27-transverse track, 28-pallet truck transverse moving oil cylinder, 29-longitudinal truss, 31-frame beam, 32-frame longitudinal beam, 33-connecting part, 34-installation pallet truck telescopic supporting leg, 35-installation pallet truck supporting foot, 41-longitudinal moving guide rail, 42-spur rack, 43-running power mechanism, 44-running wheel, 45-gear box, transverse moving-271 connecting rod, 321-longitudinal moving support plate, 322-installation support plate, 323-longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder, 324-mounting tray rotating oil cylinder, 325-mounting tray vertical oil cylinder.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the invention. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments in accordance with the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may also be present. When a component is referred to as being "connected" to another component, it can be directly connected to the other component or intervening components may also be present. When a component is referred to as being "disposed on" another component, it can be directly on the other component or intervening components may also be present. The terms "vertical", "horizontal", "left", "right" and the like are used herein for illustrative purposes only and refer to relative positions, and do not limit the structure of the device.
The existing shield method has two modes of a cast-in-place method and a prefabrication method in the construction process of installing a box culvert, and the cast-in-place method has the defects of long time consumption for concrete solidification and prolonged construction period; the prefabricated method generally adopts prefabricated templates for installation, and because the middle box culvert in the existing tunnel generally has the functions of pipeline ventilation and smoke exhaust and is used as a channel for subsequent construction, the requirement on the strength of the middle box culvert is high, and the requirement on the installation accuracy is not high; with continuous optimization and diversification of tunnel functions, more functions of the middle box culvert are developed, the requirement on the installation precision is improved, and the middle box culvert is used as a support for subsequent construction and has high strength requirement; therefore, the existing construction technology can not meet the requirements, and the middle box culvert installation technology which is high in installation precision, short in construction period, synchronous with the shield tunneling machine, space-saving and capable of guaranteeing the strength of the middle box culvert installation technology is needed.
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides a shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley, which comprises a following trolley arranged along the parallel direction of the tunnel and an installation trolley arranged on the following trolley; the following trolley and the mounting trolley move relatively.
The utility model discloses in, provide the installation tray, its effect lies in placing the middle box culvert section of jurisdiction accuracy and lifting, and the workman of being convenient for can select and be not limited to bolted connection with section of jurisdiction fixed connection to last section of jurisdiction.
When the box culvert section of jurisdiction is connected to N section of jurisdiction in the middle of the N +1, the skew that butt joint probably takes place between two sections of jurisdiction includes, and there is the contained angle between the uneven height of vertical direction, the fore-and-aft butt joint distance of horizontal direction and two sections of jurisdiction of horizontal direction, to above circumstances, the utility model provides an intermediate box culvert installation platform truck that carries out position coarse adjustment and fine adjustment to the back installation section of jurisdiction.
Example 1: box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel
The device is used for installing an intermediate box culvert 1, and as shown in figure 1, the shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installing trolley comprises a following trolley 2 arranged in the parallel direction of a tunnel and an installing trolley 3 of the intermediate box culvert arranged on the following trolley; as shown in fig. 2, 3 and 5, the pallet 2 includes a top end beam 21, a bottom leg 22, a longitudinal truss 29 connecting the two end beams 21, and a vertical telescopic leg connecting the end beams 21 and the leg 22, as indicated by a right arrow, with the middle box culvert installation direction as the front in fig. 2.
The telescopic supporting leg comprises a telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve 23, a telescopic supporting leg guide rod 24 and a telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder 25, cavities are formed in the telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve 23 and the telescopic supporting leg guide rod 24, the telescopic supporting leg guide rod 24 is sleeved in the telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve 23, the top end of the telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder 25 is fixed on the end beam 21, the bottom end of the telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder 25 is fixed at the bottom end of the telescopic supporting leg guide rod 24, and the telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder 25 stretches to drive the telescopic supporting leg guide rod 24 to slide along the telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve 23 so as to realize the lifting of;
as shown in fig. 5 and 11, a transverse support 26 is arranged at the bottom end of the telescopic leg guide rod 24, a transverse rail 27 is arranged at the top of the support leg 22, a pallet transverse oil cylinder 28 is arranged on the transverse rail 27, and the pallet transverse oil cylinder 28 extends and retracts to drive the transverse support 26 and the pallet to transversely translate along the transverse rail 27;
because the loads of the pallet truck, the loaded middle box culvert mounting pallet truck and the middle box culvert are very large, in order to ensure the stability of the transverse moving process of the pallet truck, as shown in fig. 8 and 11, transverse moving connecting rods 271 are arranged on two sides of a transverse moving oil cylinder 28 of the pallet truck and in the direction parallel to the transverse rail 27, the transverse moving connecting rods 271 are clamped on two sides of the transverse rail 27, two ends of each transverse moving connecting rod 271 are hinged to transverse moving supports 26 at the two ends, one end of the transverse moving oil cylinder 28 of the pallet truck is hinged on the transverse rail 27, the other end of the transverse moving oil cylinder 28 of the pallet truck is hinged on the end part of each transverse moving connecting rod 271, and when the transverse moving oil cylinder 28 of the pallet truck stretches, the transverse moving connecting rods 271 are driven to slide on the transverse rail 27, so that.
As shown in fig. 4, 6 and 7, the installation trolley 3 includes a frame cross beam 31 at the top end, a frame longitudinal beam 32 connected with the frame cross beam, a connecting portion 33 fixed with the frame longitudinal beam 32 and sequentially arranged from top to bottom, an installation trolley telescopic leg 34 and an installation trolley leg 35; the telescopic support legs 34 of the installation trolley comprise telescopic support leg guide sleeves of the installation trolley, telescopic support leg guide rods of the installation trolley and telescopic support leg oil cylinders arranged inside the telescopic support leg guide sleeves of the installation trolley and the telescopic support leg guide rods of the installation trolley, and the telescopic support leg guide rods of the installation trolley are driven by the telescopic support leg oil cylinders of the installation trolley to slide along the telescopic support leg guide sleeves of the installation trolley, so that the installation trolley can ascend and descend.
The utility model provides an intermediate box culvert installation platform truck still provides longitudinal movement, rotational movement's regulatory function in order to realize the accurate adjustment of platform truck.
Specifically, the top of the installation trolley 3 is provided with a longitudinal moving tray 321 and an installation tray 322, and further comprises a longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder 323 and an installation tray rotating oil cylinder 324, the top of the frame longitudinal beam 32 of the installation trolley 3 is provided with a longitudinal guide rail, and the bottom of the longitudinal moving tray 321 is clamped on the guide rail and longitudinally moves along the direction of the frame longitudinal beam 32; one end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder 323 is hinged to the frame longitudinal beam 32, and the other end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder 323 is connected to the longitudinal moving tray 321; the mounting tray 322 is placed on the top of the longitudinal moving tray 321;
one end of the mounting tray rotating cylinder 324 is hinged to the frame of the longitudinal moving tray 321, and the other end is connected to the mounting tray 322; the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder 323 stretches to drive the longitudinal moving tray and the mounting tray to longitudinally move along the tunnel direction; the telescopic driving of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder 324 drives the mounting tray 322 to rotate relative to the longitudinal moving tray 321 so as to finely adjust the angle of the mounting tray 322, reduce the included angle between the duct piece of the middle box culvert and the previous duct piece, and carry out the mounting process after aligning the two duct pieces.
As a further optimized scheme, a central shaft is arranged at the center of the top of the longitudinal moving tray 321, a central through hole is arranged at the center of the top of the mounting tray 323, the central shaft of the longitudinal moving tray 321 penetrates through the through hole of the mounting tray, and the mounting tray rotates around the central through hole.
Furthermore, the top end of the mounting tray 322 is also provided with a mounting tray vertical oil cylinder 325, so that the height of the middle box culvert pipe piece is further precisely adjusted.
Preferably, the utility model provides a middle box culvert installation platform truck is last still to have set up running gear 4 to realize the walking function of retinue platform truck and installation platform truck relative movement and middle box culvert installation platform truck. As shown in fig. 4, 6, 7 and 8, the traveling mechanism 4 includes a longitudinal movement guide rail 41 provided along the longitudinal truss 29 on the pallet truck, a spur rack 42 installed inside the longitudinal movement guide rail 41, a traveling power mechanism 43 fixed to the installation pallet truck 3, and a traveling wheel 44; the connecting part 33 of the installation trolley is provided with a longitudinal cavity, and the longitudinal moving guide rail 41 penetrates through the cavity of the connecting part, and two ends of the longitudinal moving guide rail are connected to the cross beams 21 at two ends of the following trolley; the walking wheels 44 comprise two walking wheels arranged at the top end and the bottom end of the cavity of the connecting part, and the walking wheels 44 are positioned at two ends of the longitudinal movement guide rail 41 and roll along the longitudinal movement guide rail 41;
the traveling power mechanism 43 includes two forward and reverse rotating motors symmetrically fixed on the longitudinal beam of the frame of the installation trolley, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the teeth of the spur rack 42 are downward and engaged with the gear on the output shaft of the motor, when the motor rotates in one direction, the frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley and the installation trolley are driven to move forward along the longitudinal moving guide rail 41 on the following trolley, and when the motor rotates in the other direction, the frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley and the installation trolley are driven to move backward along the longitudinal moving guide rail 41 on the following trolley, so that the relative movement of the installation trolley and the following trolley is realized.
As shown in fig. 17, the gear of the output shaft of the motor and the contact position of the gear with the spur rack 42 are located in the gear box 45.
Further, utilize running gear to realize the utility model provides an intermediate box culvert installation platform truck is whole to be removed along the tunnel, and concrete process is as follows: as shown in fig. 12 and 13, after the installation of the intermediate box culvert by the installation trolley 3, the oil cylinder in the telescopic leg of the installation trolley is extended, the guide rod slides downwards along the guide sleeve until the support foot 35 of the installation trolley reaches the bottom surface of the tunnel, then the telescopic leg oil cylinder 25 of the traveling trolley is contracted, the telescopic leg guide rod 24 slides and contracts along the telescopic leg guide sleeve 23, the support foot 22 of the traveling trolley leaves the bottom surface of the tunnel, the motor on the installation trolley is reversed, and as the installation trolley is in a static state in contact with the bottom surface of the tunnel at the moment, the traveling trolley moves forwards as a result of the reversal of the motor (the installation trolley also moves backwards relative to the traveling trolley); then, the telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder 25 of the following trolley extends to drive the supporting legs 22 to reach the bottom surface of the tunnel, and the whole walking process of the middle box culvert installation trolley is completed.
The lifting of the device is realized through a telescopic support oil cylinder on the following trolley, a telescopic support oil cylinder on the mounting trolley and a vertical oil cylinder of a mounting tray on the mounting trolley;
the transverse translation of the device is realized through a transverse moving oil cylinder 28 on the following trolley;
the longitudinal translation position adjustment of the mounting tray is realized through a longitudinal tray moving oil cylinder 323 on the mounting trolley;
the angle of the mounting tray is adjusted through the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder.
Through the arrangement of the oil cylinders at all levels, the lifting, longitudinal movement, transverse movement and rotation adjustment of the installation trolley are realized, the installation precision of the installation trolley is ensured, and the error range of +/-1 cm can be realized.
In addition, the device has a compact structure, 3 tunnel duct pieces (intermediate box culvert pieces) can be installed and constructed after the traveling trolley is fixed for one time, the length of the device, namely the length of the traveling trolley is small, the occupied area and the area are small, the space is saved, after one intermediate box culvert piece is installed, the next piece of duct piece can be installed immediately, the installation efficiency is high, and the firmness is good;
in addition, the device adopts the positive and negative rotation of the motor to realize the relative motion of the following trolley and the mounting trolley, and the following trolley longitudinally translates along the tunnel, so that the moving speed is high.
Example 2: construction method of middle box culvert of shield tunnel
The construction is synchronous with the shield tunneling, and the construction method comprises the following steps:
step one, as shown in figure 1, placing an intermediate box culvert installation trolley in a tunnel, and fixedly arranging an intermediate box culvert steel pipe cross brace 5 in the tunnel;
step two, as shown in fig. 14, when the shield tunneling is carried out, the (N + 1) th prefabricated intermediate box culvert segments are synchronously installed, the vertical, longitudinal and transverse directions of the installation tray are adjusted by adjusting the following trolley telescopic leg oil cylinder 25, the transverse moving oil cylinder 28, the trolley telescopic leg oil cylinder, the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder 323, the installation tray rotating oil cylinder 324 and the installation tray vertical oil cylinder 325, and the positions of the intermediate box culvert segments to be installed are adjusted; adjusting the height of the middle box culvert by adjusting the measurement according to the elevation; the assembly precision requirement between two adjacent intermediate box culvert segments is as follows: the distance between the top surface of the middle box culvert and the horizontal axis of the circular tunnel structure and the distance between the vertical axis of the middle box culvert and the vertical axis of the circular tunnel structure are +/-1 cm, and smooth connection between the box culverts must be ensured;
step three, as shown in fig. 15, the motor rotates forwards to drive the installation trolley to move longitudinally along the longitudinal moving guide rail 41 on the longitudinal truss of the traveling trolley to the construction direction, and after the installation trolley is in place, the position of the installation tray is adjusted according to the adjusting mode of the step two, and the installation of the (N + 2) th intermediate box culvert is carried out;
step four, as shown in fig. 16, installing the (N + 3) th intermediate box culvert according to the step three;
fifthly, after a distance is reserved between the shield driving face and the tunnel, retesting the installed intermediate box culvert segments, correspondingly adjusting the installed intermediate box culvert segments, casting a lower lining of the tunnel in situ, and performing grouting and caulking on the intermediate box culvert;
and sixthly, pouring the inner lining, and removing the middle box culvert steel pipe cross brace after the concrete strength meets the requirement.
Example 3: construction method of middle box culvert of shield tunnel
On the basis of embodiment 2, the utility model also provides a walk capable process in the middle box culvert installation platform truck work progress, include:
firstly, as shown in fig. 12, after the installation trolley 3 completes the installation construction of the (N + 3) th intermediate box culvert pipe piece, the oil cylinder in the telescopic support leg of the installation trolley extends, the guide rod slides downwards along the guide sleeve until the support leg 35 of the installation trolley reaches the bottom surface of the tunnel, then the telescopic support leg oil cylinder 25 of the traveling trolley contracts, the guide rod 24 of the telescopic support leg slides and contracts along the guide sleeve 23 of the telescopic support leg, and the support leg 22 of the traveling trolley leaves the bottom surface of the tunnel;
secondly, as shown in fig. 13, the motor on the installation trolley reverses and moves forward along with the trolley;
and thirdly, extending the telescopic support leg oil cylinder 25 of the traveling trolley to drive the support legs 22 to reach the bottom surface of the tunnel, and finishing the integral traveling process of the middle box culvert installation trolley.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley is characterized by comprising a following trolley arranged in the parallel direction of a tunnel and an installation trolley arranged on the following trolley; the following trolley and the mounting trolley move relatively.
2. The shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installation trolley of claim 1, wherein the traveling trolley comprises end beams at the top, support legs at the bottom, longitudinal trusses connecting the end beams at the two ends, and telescopic support legs connecting the end beams and the support legs in the vertical direction;
the telescopic support comprises a telescopic support guide sleeve, a telescopic support guide rod and a telescopic support oil cylinder, cavities are arranged in the telescopic support guide sleeve and the telescopic support guide rod, the telescopic support guide rod is sleeved in the telescopic support guide sleeve, the top end of the telescopic support oil cylinder is fixed on the end cross beam, the bottom end of the telescopic support oil cylinder is fixed at the bottom end of the telescopic support guide rod, and the telescopic support oil cylinder stretches to drive the telescopic support guide rod to slide along the telescopic support guide sleeve so as to realize the lifting of the traveling trolley;
the bottom end of the telescopic supporting leg guide rod is provided with a transverse support, the top of the supporting leg is provided with a transverse rail, the transverse rail is provided with a traveling trolley transverse oil cylinder, and the traveling trolley transverse oil cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the transverse support to transversely translate along the transverse rail together with the traveling trolley.
3. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley as claimed in claim 2, wherein traversing connecting rods are arranged on two sides of the traveling trolley traversing cylinder and in a direction parallel to the transverse rail, the traversing connecting rods are clamped on two sides of the transverse rail, two ends of the traversing connecting rods are hinged to traversing supports at two ends, one end of the traveling trolley traversing cylinder is hinged on the transverse rail, the other end of the traveling trolley traversing cylinder is hinged on the end of the traversing connecting rod, and the traveling trolley traversing cylinder drives the traversing connecting rods to slide on the transverse rail when stretching.
4. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley according to claim 3, comprising a frame cross beam at the top end, a frame longitudinal beam connected with the frame cross beam, a connecting part fixed with the frame longitudinal beam and sequentially arranged from top to bottom, an installation trolley telescopic leg and an installation trolley leg; the telescopic supporting leg of the installation trolley comprises an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve, an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod and an installation trolley telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder arranged inside the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve and the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod, and the telescopic driving of the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg oil cylinder drives the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide rod to slide along the installation trolley telescopic supporting leg guide sleeve.
5. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley according to claim 4, wherein a longitudinal moving tray and an installation tray are arranged at the top of the installation trolley, the shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley further comprises a longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder and an installation tray rotating oil cylinder, a guide rail is arranged at the top of a frame longitudinal beam of the installation trolley, and the bottom of the longitudinal moving tray is clamped on the guide rail and longitudinally moves along the direction of the frame longitudinal beam; one end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder is hinged to the frame longitudinal beam, and the other end of the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder is connected to the longitudinal moving tray; the mounting tray is placed at the top of the longitudinal moving tray; one end of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder is hinged to the frame of the longitudinal moving tray, and the other end of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder is connected to the mounting tray; the longitudinal moving tray longitudinal moving oil cylinder stretches to drive the longitudinal moving tray and the mounting tray to longitudinally move along the tunnel direction; the telescopic driving of the mounting tray rotating oil cylinder drives the mounting tray to rotate relative to the longitudinal moving tray.
6. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley of claim 5, wherein a vertical installation tray oil cylinder is further arranged at the top end of the installation tray.
7. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley of claim 2, further comprising a traveling mechanism, wherein the traveling mechanism comprises a longitudinal moving guide rail arranged along the longitudinal connection truss on the traveling trolley, a traveling power mechanism and a traveling transmission mechanism, and the traveling transmission mechanism is selected from a rack transmission mechanism or a chain transmission mechanism.
8. The shield tunnel intermediate box culvert installation trolley of claim 7, wherein the rack transmission mechanism comprises a spur rack arranged on the inner side of the longitudinal movement guide rail, a walking power mechanism fixed on the installation trolley and a walking wheel; the connecting part of the installation trolley is provided with a longitudinal cavity, and the longitudinal moving guide rail passes through the cavity of the connecting part, and two ends of the longitudinal moving guide rail are connected to cross beams at two ends of the traveling trolley; the walking wheel is including setting up in two of connecting portion cavity top and bottom, and the walking wheel is located the both ends of indulging the guide rail of moving and rolls along indulging the guide rail that moves.
9. The middle box culvert installation trolley for the shield tunnel according to claim 8, wherein the walking power mechanism comprises two forward and reverse rotating motors symmetrically fixed on a longitudinal beam of a frame of the installation trolley, and teeth of the spur rack face downwards and are meshed with a gear on an output shaft of the motor.
10. The shield tunnel middle box culvert installation trolley of claim 5, wherein a central shaft is arranged at the center of the top of the longitudinal moving tray, a central through hole is arranged at the center of the top of the installation tray, the central shaft of the longitudinal moving tray passes through the through hole of the installation tray, and the installation tray rotates around the central through hole.
CN201922357265.8U 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel Active CN211573548U (en)

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CN201922357265.8U CN211573548U (en) 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Box culvert installation trolley in middle of shield tunnel

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114991030A (en) * 2022-05-20 2022-09-02 苏交科集团检测认证有限公司 Accurate space positioning system and method for prefabricated box culvert

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114991030A (en) * 2022-05-20 2022-09-02 苏交科集团检测认证有限公司 Accurate space positioning system and method for prefabricated box culvert
CN114991030B (en) * 2022-05-20 2024-03-29 苏交科集团检测认证有限公司 Accurate space positioning system and method for prefabricated box culvert

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PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Installation trolley for shield tunnel intermediate box culvert

Effective date of registration: 20220411

Granted publication date: 20200925

Pledgee: Tai'an financing Company limited by guarantee

Pledgor: SHANDONG TIEYING CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2022980004041