CN211522759U - Construction equipment for road base - Google Patents

Construction equipment for road base Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211522759U
CN211522759U CN201922330007.0U CN201922330007U CN211522759U CN 211522759 U CN211522759 U CN 211522759U CN 201922330007 U CN201922330007 U CN 201922330007U CN 211522759 U CN211522759 U CN 211522759U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
road
construction equipment
machine body
shovel
rammer
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CN201922330007.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈凯然
吴宇威
李健
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First Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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First Construction Engineering Co Ltd of China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201922330007.0U priority Critical patent/CN211522759U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a construction equipment for road basic unit relates to road construction equipment technical field, has solved among the prior art when narrow, rugged road section construction operation, owing to can not adopt large-scale construction equipment and lead to manual work's technical problem. The road base construction machine comprises a machine body, and a feeding device, a leveling device, a tamping device and a traveling device which are arranged on the machine body respectively, wherein the leveling device is positioned between the feeding device and the tamping device, and the machine body is driven by the traveling device to move forwards and is constructed on a road base layer sequentially through the feeding device, the leveling device and the tamping device. The utility model discloses a blowing device discharges the matrix, the device of shoveling is shoveled the matrix, is tamped the matrix and running gear drive fuselage and is moved ahead, is applicable to the less highway section construction operation of road width to the matrix is laid and is tamped through machinery, has reduced the individual difference nature of manual work, is of value to the efficiency and the quality that improve road construction, practices thrift the cost of labor.

Description

Construction equipment for road base
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a road construction equipment technical field particularly, indicates a construction equipment for road basic unit.
Background
With the rapid development of economy, the road construction is also accelerated. The road base layer is a layered structure which is formed by layering and paving a single material on the surface of a roadbed according to a certain technical measure, and the quality of the material directly influence the quality and the service performance of a road surface. The base layer is the bearing layer of whole road, plays the effect on stable road surface. Common road base courses are cement stabilized macadam, lime fly ash stabilized aggregate and the like. The common road construction process is to use a paver to pave the base material on the road and then use a road roller to roll and form the base material.
In the prior art, the working conditions of road narrowing and rugged route are difficult to avoid in the process of building the road. And large construction equipment such as a paver, a road roller and the like is difficult to enter a construction site to carry out construction operation on a road. Therefore, in the prior art, the conventional construction mode for narrow and rugged roads is to unload materials manually, and then carry out leveling and tamping forming manually. Due to the fact that the road construction mode has the factor of individual difference of operating personnel, not only is the construction efficiency poor, but also the construction quality is not ideal.
Therefore, how to design a road base layer construction device suitable for the construction conditions of narrow and rugged roads is a technical problem to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides a construction equipment for road basic unit to when solving narrow, rugged road section construction operation among the prior art, owing to can not adopt large-scale construction equipment and lead to manual work's technical problem.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a construction equipment for road basic unit, including the fuselage, be used for discharging the blowing device of matrix, be used for the shovel device of shovel matrix, be used for tamping the ramming device of matrix and be used for driving the running gear that the fuselage moved ahead, blowing device, shovel device, ramming device and running gear set up respectively on the fuselage, shovel device is located between blowing device and the ramming device, the fuselage passes through the running gear drive and moves ahead and loop through blowing device, shovel device and ramming device and be under construction road basic unit.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the construction equipment for the road base layer can be improved as follows.
Further, the emptying device comprises a hopper arranged on the machine body, a valve used for controlling the discharge of the base materials is arranged at the bottom of the hopper, a stirring device used for stirring the base materials is arranged in the hopper, a first driving motor is arranged on the machine body, and the first driving motor is connected with the stirring device through a first connecting piece.
Further, agitating unit is including setting up at least a set of stirring vane in the hopper and setting up at least a set of stirring roller outside the hopper, stirring vane is connected with the stirring roller, first connecting piece is connected between stirring roller and first driving motor's output shaft, the fuselage still is provided with the take-up pulley that is used for the first connecting piece of tensioning.
Further, the device of shoveling includes road surface shovel and the connecting plate of connecting road surface shovel and fuselage, the road surface shovel is concave arc type structure to the terminal surface of road surface shovel is the hypotenuse shape or the V limit shape with road surface slope adaptation.
Further, the rammer device includes rammer and sets up the buffer between fuselage and rammer, be provided with the baffle-box that is used for holding buffer on the fuselage, be provided with the regulation seam of the horizontal migration of the rammer of being convenient for on the baffle-box.
Further, buffer including set up in the vertical bolster at rammer top and set up in the horizontal bolster of rammer lateral wall, vertical bolster and horizontal bolster are connected respectively in the inside wall of baffle-box.
Furthermore, the walking device comprises a traction wheel and a turning wheel, a second driving motor used for driving the traction wheel to walk is arranged on the machine body, and the second driving motor is connected with the traction wheel through a second connecting piece.
Further, the turning wheel comprises a fixed rod arranged on the machine body, a connecting rod connected with the fixed rod, a bearing connected with the connecting rod and a pulley connected with the bearing;
the connecting rod is a threaded rod, the fixing rod is provided with an internal thread, and the connecting rod is connected with the fixing rod through the thread so as to be telescopically adjusted; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
the connecting rod and the fixing rod are provided with a plurality of positioning holes, and the connecting rod and the fixing rod are inserted into the positioning holes through pins to be adjusted in a telescopic mode.
Furthermore, the walking device is also connected with a speed measuring device for measuring the advancing speed of the machine body.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, have following advantage:
the utility model discloses a blowing device discharges the matrix, the device of shoveling is shoveled the matrix, is tamped the matrix and running gear drive fuselage and is moved ahead, is applicable to the less highway section construction operation of road width to the matrix is laid and is tamped through machinery, has reduced the individual difference nature of manual work, is of value to the efficiency and the quality that improve road construction, practices thrift the cost of labor.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the discharging device of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the leveling device of the present invention;
fig. 4 is another schematic structural view of the leveling device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the tamping device of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the tamping device of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the walking device of the present invention;
fig. 8 is another schematic structural diagram of the walking device of the present invention.
Reference numbers and corresponding part names in the drawings:
1. a body; 2. a hopper; 21. a stirring blade; 22. a first drive motor; 23. a stirring roller; 24. a tension wheel; 25. a first connecting member; 3. shoveling the road surface; 31. a connecting plate; 4. a rammer; 41. a horizontal buffer; 42. a vertical buffer; 43. a buffer tank; 44. adjusting the seam; 5. fixing the rod; 51. a connecting rod; 52. a bearing; 53. a pulley; 6. a traction wheel; 7. a second drive motor; 71. a second connecting member.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the following examples and drawings, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof of the present invention are only used for explaining the present invention, and are not intended as limitations of the present invention.
Examples
A construction equipment for a road base layer is shown in figure 1 and comprises a machine body 1, a feeding device, a leveling device, a tamping device and a walking device. The emptying device, the leveling device and the tamping device are respectively arranged on the machine body 1, and the leveling device is positioned between the emptying device and the tamping device. The walking device is arranged at the bottom of the machine body 1 and used for driving the machine body 1 to move forwards. The machine body 1 can be a plate structure, a rectangular box structure or a frame structure formed by connecting section steels.
As shown in fig. 2, the discharging device includes a hopper 2 having a funnel shape, a discharging port of the hopper 2 is installed on the body 1, and a valve for controlling the discharge of the base material is provided at a discharging port position of the bottom of the hopper 2. Three groups of stirring blades 21 are arranged in the hopper 2, and a stirring roller 23 positioned outside the hopper 2 is connected to each group of stirring blades 21. It is understood that a mounting hole corresponding to the agitating roller 23 is provided on the hopper 2, and the agitating blade 21 is inserted into the mounting hole and connected to the agitating roller 23 such that the agitating blade 21 can freely rotate within the hopper 2.
As shown in fig. 2, a first driving motor 22 is disposed on the machine body 1, and an output shaft of the first driving motor 22 is connected to the three sets of stirring rollers 23 through a first connecting member 25. The first link 25 includes, but is not limited to, a timing belt or a chain. In order to further ensure the synchronous rotation of the first drive motor 22 and the three sets of stirring rollers 23, a tensioning wheel 24 for tensioning the first connecting piece 25 is also provided on the machine body 1.
As shown in fig. 3, the leveling device includes a road surface shovel 3 and a connecting plate 31 connecting the road surface shovel 3 and the body 1. Connecting plate 31 fixed connection is in the bottom of fuselage 1 to be provided with on connecting plate 31 and be used for road surface shovel 3 male slot, road surface shovel 3 inserts in order to realize the connection dismantled of road surface shovel 3 in the slot.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the whole road surface shovel 3 has a concave arc structure, so that the road surface shovel 3 can more efficiently level the roadbed. The end surface of the road shovel 3 is in a bevel edge shape or a V-edge shape matched with the road gradient. Specifically, as shown in fig. 3, the bevel edge shape is suitable for a construction condition where the road is a one-way slope. As shown in fig. 4, the V-shape is suitable for the construction condition that the road is a bidirectional slope.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the tamper device includes a tamper 4, a plurality of vertical buffers 42 disposed on a top of the tamper 4, and a plurality of horizontal buffers 41 disposed on a side wall of the tamper 4. The horizontal cushion 41 and the vertical cushion 42 include, but are not limited to, a spring or an airbag cushion. Further, the body 1 is provided with a cushion box 43 for accommodating the horizontal cushion member 41 and the vertical cushion member 42, and the vertical cushion member 42 and the horizontal cushion member 41 are connected to the inner side wall of the cushion box 43, respectively. Buffer tank 43 is provided with adjustment slot 44 for facilitating horizontal movement of rammer 4 to enable rammer 4 to be moved horizontally to compact the subgrade.
As shown in fig. 7, the walking device includes a traction wheel 6 and a direction-changing wheel arranged at the bottom of the body 1. Wherein, the body 1 is provided with a second driving motor 7, and an output shaft of the second driving motor 7 is connected with the traction wheel 6 through a second connecting piece 71. The second link 71 includes, but is not limited to, a timing belt or a chain. The second driving motor 7 drives the traction wheel 6 to run through the second connecting piece 71. The diversion wheel is including setting up in dead lever 5 and the connecting rod 51 of fuselage 1 bottom, and dead lever 5 has the internal thread, and connecting rod 51 has the external screw thread, and dead lever 5 and connecting rod 51 can dismantle the connection through screw-thread fit, realize connecting rod 51's raising and lowering functions. The bottom of the connecting rod 51 is connected with a bearing 52, the bearing 52 is connected with a pulley 53, the free steering function of the pulley 53 is realized, and the walking of the machine body 1 is facilitated.
As shown in fig. 8, the connection structure of the fixing rod 5 and the connecting rod 51 may also be designed to have a plurality of positioning holes, and the connecting rod 51 and the fixing rod 5 are connected by inserting pins into the positioning holes, so as to achieve the lifting function of the connecting rod 51.
When the construction operation is performed on the narrow and rugged road base layer, the base material is filled into the hopper 2, and simultaneously, the first driving motor 22 is started to drive the stirring blade 21 to stir the base material. The second drive motor 7 is activated to advance the body 1 and open the valve at the bottom of the hopper 2 to discharge the substrate onto the road surface, preferably 300 mm above the ground at the bottom of the hopper 2. Along with the advancing of the machine body 1, the road surface shovel 3 shovels the base material into a base layer with a virtual paving thickness, and the gradient of the cross slope of the virtual paving base material is consistent with that of the road surface to be molded. It is to be noted that the leveling height of the road surface shovel 3 can be determined by adjusting the telescopic lengths of the fixing rod 5 and the connecting rod 51. Rammer 4 then compacts the base material, and vertical 42 and horizontal 41 bumpers the vibrating action of rammer 4 on fuselage 1. Meanwhile, the operator controls the rammer to move horizontally along the adjusting seam 44 to tamp the base material within the width range of the road surface, i.e. completing the roadbed paving construction.
The utility model discloses collect blowing, shovel flat, tamp in an organic whole, fuselage 1 can design for the operating mode that is applicable to multiple road surface width. The base material is suitable for construction operation of road sections with small road widths, and the base material is laid and tamped through machinery, so that the difference of manual operation individuals is reduced, the efficiency and the quality of road construction are improved beneficially, and the labor cost is saved.
In addition, the first driving motor 22 is connected with a rotation speed sensor, so that the walking speed of the machine body 1 can be displayed, and the construction worker can conveniently control the advancing speed of the machine body 1.
The above-mentioned embodiments, further detailed description of the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, it should be understood that the above description is only the embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a construction equipment for road basic unit, its characterized in that, include fuselage (1), be used for discharging the blowing device of matrix, be used for the shovel device of shovel matrix, be used for the rammer of tamped matrix and be used for driving the running gear that fuselage (1) moved ahead, blowing device, shovel device, rammer and running gear set up respectively on fuselage (1), the shovel device is located between blowing device and the rammer, fuselage (1) moves ahead through the running gear drive and loops through blowing device, shovel device and rammer and is under construction to road basic unit.
2. The construction equipment for the road bed according to claim 1, wherein the emptying device comprises a hopper (2) arranged on the machine body (1), a valve for controlling the discharge of the base material is arranged at the bottom of the hopper (2), a stirring device for stirring the base material is arranged in the hopper (2), a first driving motor (22) is arranged on the machine body (1), and the first driving motor (22) is connected with the stirring device through a first connecting piece (25).
3. The construction equipment for a road bed according to claim 2, wherein the stirring device comprises at least one set of stirring blades (21) disposed inside the hopper (2) and at least one set of stirring rollers (23) disposed outside the hopper (2), the stirring blades (21) are connected with the stirring rollers (23), the first connecting member (25) is connected between the stirring rollers (23) and an output shaft of the first driving motor (22), and the machine body (1) is further provided with a tension wheel (24) for tensioning the first connecting member (25).
4. Construction equipment for road base according to claim 1, characterized in that the shoveling device comprises a road shovel (3) and a connecting plate (31) connecting the road shovel (3) with the machine body (1), the road shovel (3) is of a concave arc structure, and the end surface of the road shovel (3) is in a bevel edge shape or a V-edge shape adapted to the road gradient.
5. The construction equipment for the road bed according to claim 1, wherein the ramming device comprises a rammer (4) and a buffer device arranged between the machine body (1) and the rammer (4), a buffer box (43) for accommodating the buffer device is arranged on the machine body (1), and an adjusting seam (44) for facilitating the horizontal movement of the rammer (4) is arranged on the buffer box (43).
6. Construction equipment for road bed according to claim 5, characterized in that said buffer means comprise a vertical buffer (42) arranged on top of the rammer (4) and a horizontal buffer (41) arranged on the side wall of the rammer (4), said vertical buffer (42) and horizontal buffer (41) being connected to the inner side wall of the buffer box (43), respectively.
7. The construction equipment for the road bed according to claim 1, wherein the walking device comprises a traction wheel (6) and a turning wheel, a second driving motor (7) for driving the traction wheel (6) to walk is arranged on the machine body (1), and the second driving motor (7) is connected with the traction wheel (6) through a second connecting piece (71).
8. The construction equipment for a road bed as claimed in claim 7, wherein the direction-changing wheel comprises a fixing rod (5) provided on the body (1), a connecting rod (51) connected with the fixing rod (5), a bearing (52) connected with the connecting rod (51), and a pulley (53) connected with the bearing (52);
the connecting rod (51) is a threaded rod, the fixing rod (5) is provided with internal threads, and the connecting rod (51) is in threaded connection with the fixing rod (5) to be adjusted in a telescopic mode; alternatively, the first and second electrodes may be,
the connecting rod (51) and the fixing rod (5) are provided with a plurality of positioning holes, and the connecting rod (51) and the fixing rod (5) are inserted into the positioning holes through pins to be adjusted in a telescopic mode.
9. Construction equipment for road foundations according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the running gear is also connected with a speed measuring device for measuring the forward speed of the fuselage (1).
CN201922330007.0U 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Construction equipment for road base Active CN211522759U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922330007.0U CN211522759U (en) 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Construction equipment for road base

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922330007.0U CN211522759U (en) 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Construction equipment for road base

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211522759U true CN211522759U (en) 2020-09-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922330007.0U Active CN211522759U (en) 2019-12-23 2019-12-23 Construction equipment for road base

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211522759U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112160220A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 湖南省合创渣土运输有限公司 Paver is used in municipal administration road surface processing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112160220A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-01 湖南省合创渣土运输有限公司 Paver is used in municipal administration road surface processing

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