CN211438117U - Step skip lathe loading attachment - Google Patents

Step skip lathe loading attachment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211438117U
CN211438117U CN201921849085.5U CN201921849085U CN211438117U CN 211438117 U CN211438117 U CN 211438117U CN 201921849085 U CN201921849085 U CN 201921849085U CN 211438117 U CN211438117 U CN 211438117U
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clamping
clamping jaw
materials
feeding
piece
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CN201921849085.5U
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李小玲
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李小玲
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Abstract

The utility model provides a loading device of a step skip lathe, which comprises a material distributing mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a clamping mechanism; the material distributing mechanism comprises a vibrating disc and a material distributing groove; the material distributing groove comprises a material inlet, a material outlet and a material blocking block which can stretch out and draw back in the material distributing groove; the conveying mechanism comprises a feeding guide pipe through which the materials can pass and a material pushing piece for pushing the materials; the feeding guide pipe is provided with an opening which can lead the materials to the pipe, and the opening corresponds to the discharge hole of the material distributing groove; the material pushing part can slide in the feeding guide pipe; the clamping mechanism comprises a left clamping jaw, a right clamping jaw and an adjusting component capable of enabling the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw to move synchronously; the adjusting assembly comprises an adjusting piece and a control piece, wherein the adjusting piece is respectively connected with the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw, and the control piece is used for controlling the adjusting piece to move simultaneously; the clamping mechanism is connected with the conveying mechanism. The utility model discloses can solve the material loading problem of different length and size materials, can prevent the phenomenon of card material simultaneously, make things convenient for the mechanism part, improve the precision of pressing from both sides tight work piece.

Description

Step skip lathe loading attachment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of machinary, especially, relate to a step skip lathe loading attachment.
Background
With the deep popularization of automation and semi-automation in various economic industries, the automatic feeding device becomes an indispensable link on a production and manufacturing line, and a series of related researches are carried out at home and abroad aiming at the automatic feeding device. At present, a feeding mechanism on the market often has material blocking, the size of materials can not be flexibly changed, the length is not short, the adjustment is inconvenient, and even the use requirement can not be met.
The utility model patent with publication number CN202943182U discloses an automatic feeding mechanism for pipe processing, including the hopper, the hopper both sides are equipped with regulation curb plate and a plurality of guide pillar guide pin bushing, and the hopper bottom is equipped with the cylinder of returning face plate and control returning face plate upset. However, the device still has the problems of complex process, low efficiency and the like.
Therefore, the novel step material lathe feeding structure is developed, the problem that the material blocking is needed to be solved in the industry when the length and the size of the material are changed, and the requirement of a user can be quickly adapted to the material blocking problem is solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problem, the utility model aims at providing a step skip lathe loading attachment can solve the material loading problem of different length and size materials, can prevent the phenomenon of card material simultaneously, makes things convenient for the mechanism part, improves the precision of pressing from both sides tight work piece.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a loading device of a step material lathe, which comprises a material distributing mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a clamping mechanism;
the material distributing mechanism comprises a vibrating disc and a material distributing groove; the material distributing groove comprises a material inlet, a material outlet and a material blocking block which can stretch out and draw back in the material distributing groove;
the conveying mechanism comprises a feeding guide pipe through which the materials can pass and a material pushing piece for pushing the materials; the feeding guide pipe is provided with an opening which can lead the materials to the pipe, and the opening corresponds to the discharge hole of the material distributing groove; the material pushing part can slide in the feeding guide pipe;
the clamping mechanism comprises a left clamping jaw, a right clamping jaw and an adjusting component capable of enabling the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw to move synchronously; the adjusting assembly comprises an adjusting piece and a control piece, wherein the adjusting piece is respectively connected with the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw, and the control piece is used for controlling the adjusting piece to move simultaneously; the clamping mechanism is connected with the conveying mechanism.
The vibrating disc of the material distribution mechanism separates the materials one by one, the materials are discharged into the material inlet and enter the material distribution groove, and the material distribution groove can only contain one material; the material blocking blocks in the material distributing groove stretch in the material distributing groove, and the materials are pushed into the feeding guide pipe individually; the material in the feeding guide pipe is pushed by the pushing piece and is conveyed to the clamping mechanism; the adjusting component controls the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw to synchronously move in opposite directions, so that the material is clamped, and the material and the feeding guide groove are concentric.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the material distributing mechanism further comprises a material receiving groove connecting the vibrating plate and the material distributing groove; the vibrating disc is positioned above the distributing groove; by utilizing the height difference between the vibrating disk and the material distributing groove, the material is discharged from the vibrating disk, then slides into the material receiving groove and then enters the material distributing groove.
According to another embodiment of the utility model, the material receiving groove is provided with a proximity switch at the joint of the vibrating disk; when the materials pass through, the proximity switch can be triggered; when the material in the material receiving groove is fully piled to the proximity switch on the material receiving groove, the control system controls the vibration disc to stop working until the material moves, and the control system controls the vibration disc to start working when the proximity switch on the material receiving groove does not sense the material.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the conveying mechanism further comprises a rodless cylinder and a fixing seat for fixing the feeding conduit and the rodless cylinder; and two ends of the fixed seat are provided with a limit switch and a fixed plate for fixing the limit switch, and the limit switch is used for controlling the sliding range of the pushing piece.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the feeding conduit is provided with a cut extending from the position of the material distributing groove to the position of the clamping mechanism; the pushing piece is provided with a connecting block extending out of the cut, and the connecting block is fixedly connected with a sliding block of the rodless cylinder; the ejector rod head is arranged at one end of the material pushing part close to the clamping mechanism; the rodless cylinder drives the connecting block of the material pushing part to enable the ejector rod head arranged inside the feeding guide pipe to move, and therefore transmission of materials is pushed.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the adjusting member is a first rack fixedly connected to the left clamping jaw and a second rack fixedly connected to the right clamping jaw; the control piece is a gear meshed with the first gear rack and the second gear rack; the gear rotates to drive the first gear rack and the second gear to synchronously rotate, so that the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw simultaneously move oppositely to clamp materials.
According to the utility model discloses a another embodiment, divide the silo still to include the slip table cylinder that the drive kept off the material piece.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the conveying mechanism is provided with an anti-collision block at a position close to the material distributing groove.
According to the utility model discloses a further embodiment, clamping mechanism still includes the piece of righting the material, and the piece of righting the material is equipped with one and is conical small powder export, and the piece of righting the material sets up in clamping mechanism's end.
Putting the materials into a vibrating disk, and dropping the materials from the material receiving groove one by one through the vibration of the vibrating disk; when the materials are fully piled to approach the approach switch on the material receiving groove, the materials trigger the approach switch, and the vibration disc stops working; a single material moves into the material distributing groove, and the control system controls the vibration disc to start working when the proximity switch on the material receiving groove does not sense the material; the material blocking block is driven by the sliding table cylinder to stretch in the material distributing groove so as to push single ground materials into the material feeding guide pipe; the rodless cylinder drives the pushing piece to push the material to be transmitted to the clamping mechanism; the gear rotates to drive the first gear rack and the second gear rack, and meanwhile the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw move oppositely under the driving of the first gear rack and the second gear rack respectively to clamp materials.
The utility model adopts the vibration disk, the material receiving groove and the material distributing groove to divide the materials into individual bodies and orderly transmit the individual bodies to the transmission mechanism, so that the process of transmitting the materials is more organized, and the materials are conveniently processed individually; the proximity switch is arranged on the material receiving groove, so that the feeding speed of the vibrating disc can be controlled, and the feeding process is more automatic and intelligent; the transmission seat is provided with an anti-collision block, so that the safety performance of the equipment is improved; the material pushing piece pushes the material to move, so that the device is simple, convenient and efficient; the gear rack and the gear are adopted to control the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw, so that materials are clamped, and the precision of the equipment is improved.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a loading device of a step material lathe;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure of the transmission mechanism of the step-type skip car feeding device;
fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a clamping mechanism of the step-type skip car loader.
Detailed Description
The embodiment provides a step material lathe feeding device, as shown in fig. 1-3, the step material lathe feeding device comprises a material distribution mechanism 1, a conveying mechanism 2 and a clamping mechanism 3; the material distributing mechanism 1 consists of a vibrating disc 11, a material receiving groove 12 and a material distributing groove 13; the receiving groove 12 is used for connecting the vibrating disc 11 and the distributing groove 13, and the vibrating disc 11 is positioned above the distributing groove 13; by utilizing the height difference between the vibrating disk 11 and the distributing groove 13, the materials are discharged from the vibrating disk 11 and then slide into the receiving groove 12 and then enter the distributing groove 13, the vibrating disk 11 of the distributing mechanism 1 separates the materials one by one, and the materials are discharged into the distributing groove 13 and enter the distributing groove 13. The material distributing groove 13 can only contain one material, and the material distributing groove 13 comprises a feeding hole 131, a discharging hole 132, a material blocking block 133 capable of stretching and retracting in the material distributing groove 13 and a sliding table cylinder 134 for driving the material blocking block 133; the material blocking block 133 in the material distributing groove 13 stretches in the material distributing groove 13, and pushes the materials into the conveying mechanism 2 individually; a proximity switch 121 is arranged at the joint of the vibration disk 11 of the material receiving groove 12; the approach switch 121 can be triggered when the materials pass through; when the material in the receiving groove 12 is fully stacked to the proximity switch 121 on the receiving groove 12, the control system controls the vibration disc 11 to stop working until the material moves and the proximity switch 121 on the receiving groove 12 does not sense the material, and the control system controls the vibration disc 11 to start working.
The conveying mechanism 2 comprises a feeding guide pipe 21 through which the contained materials pass, a pushing piece 22 for pushing the materials, a rodless cylinder 23 and a fixing seat 24 for fixing the feeding guide pipe 21 and the rodless cylinder 23, wherein the feeding guide pipe 21 is provided with an opening 211 through which the materials can pass, the opening 211 corresponds to a discharge hole 132 of the distributing groove 13, and the materials can be discharged from the discharge hole 132 of the distributing groove 13 and directly fall into the feeding guide pipe 21; the side surface of the feeding conduit 21 is provided with a cut-out 212, and the cut-out 212 extends from the position of the distributing chute 13 to the position of the conveying mechanism 2; the pushing part 22 is provided with a connecting block 221 extending out of the cut 212, and the connecting block 221 is fixedly connected with a sliding block of the rodless cylinder 23; the movement of the rodless cylinder 23 in the fixed seat 24 drives the material pushing part to move; the pushing part 22 is provided with a push rod head 25 at one end close to the conveying mechanism 2, one end of the push rod head 25 is a flat end part for pushing the material, and the other end is provided with a clamping piece which clamps the pushing part 22 and is fixed by screws; the rodless cylinder 23 drives the connecting block 221 of the material pushing part 22 to move the ejector rod head 25 arranged in the feeding guide pipe 21, so that the transmission of the material is pushed; the material in the feeding conduit 21 is pushed by the pushing part 22 and is conveyed to the conveying mechanism 2; two ends of the fixed seat 24 are provided with a limit switch 241 and a fixed plate 242 for fixing the limit switch 241; the anti-collision block 243 is arranged at the position close to the material distribution groove 13, and the anti-collision block 243 can ensure the safety during working; the limit switch 241 is used for controlling the sliding range of the material pushing part 22; the material pushing part 22 can slide in the feeding guide pipe 21; the clamping mechanism 3 comprises a left clamping jaw 31, a right clamping jaw 32, an adjusting component 33 capable of enabling the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 to move synchronously, a pneumatic finger 34, a rotating shaft 35 and a material supporting block 36; the adjusting assembly 33 comprises an adjusting piece and a control piece, wherein the adjusting piece is respectively connected with the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32, and the control piece controls the adjusting piece to move simultaneously; the adjusting pieces are a first gear rack 331 fixedly connected with the left clamping jaw 31 and a second gear rack 332 fixedly connected with the right clamping jaw 32; the control member is a gear 333 engaged with the first gear rack 331 and the second gear rack 332; the rotating shaft 35 is sleeved on the gear 333 and is driven by the pneumatic finger 34 to rotate, and the gear 333 rotates to drive the first gear 333 and the second gear 333 to synchronously rotate, so that the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 move oppositely at the same time to clamp materials; the conveying mechanism 2 is connected with the clamping mechanism 3; the adjusting component 33 controls the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 to synchronously move in opposite directions, so that the material is clamped to be concentric with the feeding guide pipe 21; the material holding block 36 is provided with a small material outlet in a conical shape, and the material holding block 36 is arranged at the tail end of the clamping mechanism 3.
The materials are put into the vibration disk 11, and the materials are dropped from the material receiving groove 12 one by one through the vibration of the vibration disk 11; when the materials are fully piled to approach the approach switch 121 on the material receiving groove 12, the materials trigger the approach switch 121, and the vibration disc 11 stops working; a single material moves into the material distributing groove 13, and the control system controls the vibration disc 11 to start working only when the proximity switch 121 on the material receiving groove 12 does not sense the material; the material blocking block 133 is driven by the sliding table cylinder 134 to stretch in the material distributing groove 13, so that single ground materials are pushed into the material feeding guide pipe 21; the rodless cylinder 23 drives the material pushing part 22 to push the material to be transmitted to the transmission mechanism 2; the gear 333 rotates to drive the first gear 333 strip 331 and the second gear 333 strip 332, and simultaneously the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 move oppositely under the drive of the first gear 333 strip 331 and the second gear 333 strip 332 respectively, so as to clamp the material.
The step material lathe feeding device further comprises a clamp mechanism 4, the clamp mechanism 4 comprises a servo motor 41, a speed reducer 42, a workpiece clamp 43, a ball screw 44 and a stainless steel cylinder 45, the servo motor 41 drives the speed reducer 42 and the ball screw 44 to rotate, the stainless steel cylinder 45 enables the workpiece clamp 43 to convey a workpiece to a chuck 5 of a lathe in a clamping state under the control of a system according to a pre-designed program, when the chuck 5 performs first clamping, the stainless steel cylinder 45 works, the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 loosen the workpiece, the chuck 5 performs second clamping, and the workpiece is completely clamped.
After the loading of the lathe is completed, the servo motor 41 drives the speed reducer 42 and the ball screw 44 to rotate, the stainless steel cylinder 45 returns the workpiece clamp 43 to the original position to wait under the control of the system according to a pre-designed program, and the lathe starts to process.
In the embodiment, the vibrating disk 11, the material receiving groove 12 and the material distributing groove 13 are adopted to divide the materials into single bodies and convey the materials to the conveying mechanism 2 in order, so that the material conveying process is more orderly, and the materials are conveniently processed separately; the approach switch 121 is arranged on the material receiving groove 12, so that the feeding speed of the vibrating disc 11 can be controlled, and the feeding process is more automatic and intelligent; the transmission seat is provided with an anti-collision block 243, so that the safety performance of the equipment is improved; the material pushing piece 22 pushes the material to move, so that the operation is simple, convenient and efficient; the left clamping jaw 31 and the right clamping jaw 32 are controlled by the gear 333 and the gear 333, so that materials are clamped, and the precision of the equipment is improved.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Any person skilled in the art can make some modifications without departing from the scope of the present invention, i.e. all equivalent modifications made according to the present invention should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A step material lathe feeding device comprises a material distributing mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a clamping mechanism;
the material distribution mechanism comprises a vibration disc and a material distribution groove; the material distributing groove comprises a feeding hole, a discharging hole and a material blocking block which can stretch out and draw back in the material distributing groove;
the conveying mechanism comprises a feeding guide pipe through which materials can pass and a pushing piece for pushing the materials; the feeding guide pipe is provided with an opening which can lead the materials to the pipe, and the opening corresponds to the discharge hole of the material distributing groove; the material pushing part can slide in the feeding guide pipe;
the clamping mechanism comprises a left clamping jaw, a right clamping jaw and an adjusting assembly capable of enabling the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw to move synchronously; the adjusting assembly comprises an adjusting piece and a control piece, wherein the adjusting piece is respectively connected with the left clamping jaw and the right clamping jaw, and the control piece controls the adjusting piece to move simultaneously; the clamping mechanism is connected with the conveying mechanism.
2. The step-skip lathe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the material distribution mechanism further comprises a material receiving groove connecting the vibration disc and the material distribution groove; the vibration disc is positioned above the material distributing groove.
3. The step-skip-bed feeding device according to claim 2, wherein the receiving groove is provided with a proximity switch at the joint of the vibrating plate; the proximity switch can be triggered when the materials pass through.
4. The step-skip lathe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the conveying mechanism further comprises a rodless cylinder and a fixing seat for fixing the feeding conduit and the rodless cylinder; and two ends of the fixing seat are provided with a limit switch and a fixing plate for fixing the limit switch.
5. The step skip car machine loading device according to claim 4, wherein the material feeding conduit is provided with a notch extending from the position of the material distributing groove to the position of the clamping mechanism; the pushing piece is provided with a connecting block extending out of the cut, and the connecting block is fixedly connected with a sliding block of the rodless cylinder; and a head of the ejector is arranged at one end of the material pushing part close to the clamping mechanism.
6. The step skip car machine loading device according to claim 1, wherein said adjusting member is a first gear rack fixedly connected to said left jaw and a second gear rack fixedly connected to said right jaw; the control member is a gear engaged with the first and second gear racks.
7. The step skip lathe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the sub-trough further comprises a slide cylinder for driving the material blocking block.
8. The step skip car machine loading device according to claim 4, wherein the fixed seat is provided with an anti-collision block at a position close to the material distributing groove.
9. The step-feed machine loading device of claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism further comprises a centralizer block, the centralizer block is provided with a small material outlet in a conical shape, and the centralizer block is arranged at the tail end of the clamping mechanism.
CN201921849085.5U 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Step skip lathe loading attachment Active CN211438117U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921849085.5U CN211438117U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Step skip lathe loading attachment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921849085.5U CN211438117U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Step skip lathe loading attachment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211438117U true CN211438117U (en) 2020-09-08

Family

ID=72307928

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921849085.5U Active CN211438117U (en) 2019-10-31 2019-10-31 Step skip lathe loading attachment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211438117U (en)

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