CN211310120U - Automatic feeding mechanism for machining - Google Patents

Automatic feeding mechanism for machining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211310120U
CN211310120U CN201921722801.3U CN201921722801U CN211310120U CN 211310120 U CN211310120 U CN 211310120U CN 201921722801 U CN201921722801 U CN 201921722801U CN 211310120 U CN211310120 U CN 211310120U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lead screw
electromagnetic
screw rod
automatic feeding
guide rods
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CN201921722801.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘鑫荣
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HUNAN HUJI INTERNATIONAL MACHINE TOOL MANUFACTURING CO LTD
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HUNAN HUJI INTERNATIONAL MACHINE TOOL MANUFACTURING CO LTD
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Priority to CN201921722801.3U priority Critical patent/CN211310120U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of machining, in particular to an automatic feeding mechanism for machining, which comprises a stand column and a track frame arranged on the stand column; a lead screw penetrates through the inside of the track frame, guide rods clamped in the track frame are symmetrically arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the lead screw, displacement devices are arranged on the lead screw and the guide rods, each displacement device comprises a lead screw guide seat and a sliding seat, the lead screw guide seats are arranged on the outer wall of the lead screw, two guide rods penetrate through the inside of the sliding seat, and the displacement devices consisting of the lead screw guide seats and the sliding seats are connected with the lead screw and the guide rods in a sliding manner; but press from both sides and get device quick replacement, removed bolted connection and welded fixed operation from, only need adopt electromagnet to adsorb to press from both sides and get the device and can accomplish the change operation, electromagnet suction adjustment is based on the control of electromagnetic generator, realizes that different structures press from both sides the quick replacement of getting the device.

Description

Automatic feeding mechanism for machining
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a machining technical field especially relates to an automatic feeding mechanism for machining.
Background
The production process of a machine refers to the whole process of making a product from raw materials (or semi-finished products). For machine production, the raw material transportation and preservation, production preparation, blank manufacturing, part processing and heat treatment, product assembly and debugging, painting and packaging and the like are included. In the machining process, the transfer feeding problem of parts directly influences the production progress and the production cost.
The technical problems in the prior art are as follows:
when the automatic feeding mechanism of machining is used, different parts need to adopt the clamp of different structures to get the device and press from both sides and get the pay-off, and current clamp is got the device and is adopted bolted connection or welded mode more and fix, need carry out loaded down with trivial details dismantlement installation operation when needing to be changed getting the device to pressing from both sides, and it is inconvenient to use.
In order to solve the problems, the application provides an automatic feeding mechanism for machining.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Objects of the invention
For solving the technical problem that exists among the background art, the utility model provides an automatic feeding mechanism for machining, the utility model discloses a but automatic feeding mechanism's clamp is got the device quick replacement, has removed bolted connection and welded fixed operation from, only needs to adopt electromagnet to adsorb to press from both sides to get the device and can accomplish the change operation, and electromagnet suction adjustment is based on the control of electromagnetic generator, realizes that different structures press from both sides the quick replacement of getting the device.
(II) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems, the utility model provides an automatic feeding mechanism for machining, which comprises a stand column and a track frame arranged on the stand column;
a lead screw penetrates through the inside of the track frame, guide rods clamped in the track frame are symmetrically arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the lead screw, displacement devices are arranged on the lead screw and the guide rods, each displacement device comprises a lead screw guide seat and a sliding seat, the lead screw guide seats are arranged on the outer wall of the lead screw, two guide rods penetrate through the inside of the sliding seat, and the displacement devices consisting of the lead screw guide seats and the sliding seats are connected with the lead screw and the guide rods in a sliding manner;
the front surface of sliding seat is fixed with the cylinder, the output of cylinder is provided with the piston rod, the bottom of piston rod is connected with the mount pad, the bottom of mount pad is provided with electromagnetic mechanism, electromagnetic mechanism includes electromagnetic generator, excitation cable and electromagnet, electromagnetic generator with the lower surface spiro union of mount pad is fixed, just the one end of electromagnetic generator runs through there is the excitation cable, just the bottom of electromagnetic generator is connected with electromagnet, electromagnet's bottom can be dismantled to be connected with to press from both sides and get the device.
Preferably, the electromagnetic chuck is a metal component with a bottom surface provided with a stripe groove.
Preferably, the excitation cable penetrates through one end of the outside of the electromagnetic generator and is connected with an external power supply.
Preferably, the top of the clamping device is parallel and symmetrical to the bottom of the electromagnetic chuck.
Preferably, the cylinder is slidably connected with the track frame through the displacement device.
Preferably, the whole body formed by the upright post and the track frame is of a symmetrical T-shaped structure.
The above technical scheme of the utility model has following profitable technological effect: but press from both sides and get device quick replacement, removed bolted connection and welded fixed operation from, only need adopt electromagnet to adsorb to press from both sides and get the device and can accomplish the change operation, electromagnet suction adjustment is based on the control of electromagnetic generator, realizes that different structures press from both sides the quick replacement of getting the device.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a sliding structure in the automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the electromagnetic mechanism connecting clamp device in the automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to the present invention.
Reference numerals:
1. a column; 2. a rail frame; 21. a screw rod; 22. a guide bar; 3. a displacement device; 31. a lead screw guide seat; 32. a sliding seat; 4. a cylinder; 41. a piston rod; 42. a mounting seat; 5. an electromagnetic mechanism; 51. an electromagnetic generator; 52. an excitation cable; 53. an electromagnetic chuck; 6. a gripping device.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the description is intended to be illustrative only and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Moreover, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the concepts of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the automatic feeding mechanism for machining provided by the present invention comprises a vertical column 1 and a track frame 2 installed on the vertical column 1;
a screw rod 21 penetrates through the inside of the track frame 2, guide rods 22 clamped in the track frame 2 are symmetrically arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the screw rod 21, a displacement device 3 is arranged on the screw rod 21 and the guide rods 22, the displacement device 3 comprises a screw rod guide seat 31 and a sliding seat 32, the screw rod guide seat 31 is arranged on the outer wall of the screw rod 21, two guide rods 22 penetrate through the inside of the sliding seat 32, and the displacement device 3 consisting of the screw rod guide seat 31 and the sliding seat 32 is connected with the screw rod 21 and the guide rods 22 in a sliding manner, so that the air cylinder 4 is connected with the track frame 2 in a sliding manner through the displacement device 3;
the front fixed surface of sliding seat 32 has cylinder 4, the output of cylinder 4 is provided with piston rod 41, the bottom of piston rod 41 is connected with mount pad 42, the bottom of mount pad 42 is provided with electromagnetic mechanism 5, electromagnetic mechanism 5 includes electromagnetic generator 51, excitation cable 52 and electromagnetic chuck 53, electromagnetic generator 51 is fixed with the lower surface spiro union of mount pad 42, and electromagnetic generator 51's one end runs through there is excitation cable 52, and electromagnetic generator 51's bottom is connected with electromagnetic chuck 53, electromagnetic chuck 53's bottom can be dismantled and be connected with to press from both sides and get device 6.
It should be noted that: the electromagnetic chuck 53 is a metal component with a stripe groove on the bottom surface, the electromagnetic chuck 53 is a metal square plate, and the stripe groove on the ground surface can increase the friction force when the clamping device is adsorbed.
In an alternative embodiment, the whole body formed by the upright post 1 and the track frame 2 is a symmetrical T-shaped structure, and the T-shaped structure enables the parts clamped by the clamping device 6 to smoothly slide and transfer along the track frame 2, so that the feeding process is stable.
The utility model discloses in, the motor is connected to the one end that lead screw 21 runs through track frame 2, and motor drive lead screw 21 rotates, and lead screw guide 31 is the reciprocating motion of horizontal direction along lead screw 21, and then drives the steady motion of sliding seat 32 on two guide bars 22, and in the part pay-off transportation, the pay-off step is as follows:
firstly, a piston rod 41 at the output end of an air cylinder 4 is extended, a clamping device 6 connected with an electromagnetic mechanism 5 on a bottom mounting seat 42 clamps a part to be processed, the piston rod 41 at the output end of the air cylinder 4 is reset, and the part to be processed is lifted to be ready for transferring;
secondly, the motor drives the screw rod 21 to rotate, the screw rod guide seat 31 makes reciprocating motion in the horizontal direction along the screw rod 21, and then the sliding seat 32 is driven to move stably on the two guide rods 22, so that the horizontal displacement of clamping parts is realized;
and step three, the clamping device 6 moves to the processing table, the piston rod 41 at the output end of the air cylinder 4 extends, the part to be processed, clamped by the clamping device 6, is placed on the processing table, the piston rod 41 at the output end of the air cylinder 4 resets, the sliding seat 32 reversely displaces and resets to the initial position, and the next part clamping is carried out.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the electromagnetic mechanism connecting clamp device in the automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 4, the excitation cable 52 penetrates through one end of the electromagnetic generator 51 and is connected to an external power supply, the external power supply provides high-voltage current to supply power to the electromagnetic generator 51, and the electromagnetic generator 51 directly excites and charges the electromagnetic chuck 53, so that the electromagnetic chuck 53 has magnetic force adsorption performance.
It should be noted that the top of the gripping device 6 is parallel and symmetrical to the bottom of the electromagnetic chuck 53, and the top of the gripping device 6 is a horizontal metal component and can be magnetically attracted by the electromagnetic chuck 53.
As a use example of the gripping apparatus:
in the installation example, an excitation cable 52 of the electromagnetic generator 51 is connected with an external power supply, the external power supply provides high-voltage current to excite the electromagnetic chuck 53, so that the electromagnetic chuck 53 has magnetic adsorption performance, and the top of the clamping device 6 can be directly adsorbed and installed on the electromagnetic chuck 53 for clamping;
according to the disassembly example, the electromagnetic generator 51 is turned off, the external power supply connected with the excitation cable 52 stops supplying power, the electromagnetic chuck 53 lacks excitation current to support the disappearance of the adsorption performance, and the clamping device 6 is directly detached from the bottom of the electromagnetic chuck 53 to complete the disassembly.
In summary, the on/off of the electromagnetic generator 51 in the electromagnetic mechanism 5 can control the on/off of the adsorption capacity of the electromagnetic chuck 53, so as to quickly adsorb and separate the electromagnetic chuck 53 from the clamping device 6
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of or explaining the principles of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Therefore, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention. Further, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such variations and modifications as fall within the scope and boundaries of the appended claims or the equivalents of such scope and boundaries.

Claims (6)

1. An automatic feeding mechanism for machining is characterized by comprising an upright post (1) and a track frame (2) arranged on the upright post (1);
a screw rod (21) penetrates through the inside of the track frame (2), guide rods (22) clamped inside the track frame (2) are symmetrically arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the screw rod (21), a displacement device (3) is arranged on the screw rod (21) and the guide rods (22), the displacement device (3) comprises a screw rod guide seat (31) and a sliding seat (32), the screw rod guide seat (31) is installed on the outer wall of the screw rod (21), two guide rods (22) penetrate through the inside of the sliding seat (32), and the displacement device (3) consisting of the screw rod guide seat (31) and the sliding seat (32) is connected with the screw rod (21) and the guide rods (22) in a sliding manner;
the front surface of sliding seat (32) is fixed with cylinder (4), the output of cylinder (4) is provided with piston rod (41), the bottom of piston rod (41) is connected with mount pad (42), the bottom of mount pad (42) is provided with electromagnetic mechanism (5), electromagnetic mechanism (5) include electromagnetic generator (51), excitation cable (52) and electromagnet (53), electromagnetic generator (51) with the lower surface spiro union of mount pad (42) is fixed, just the one end of electromagnetic generator (51) runs through have excitation cable (52), just the bottom of electromagnetic generator (51) is connected with electromagnet (53), the bottom of electromagnet (53) can be dismantled and be connected with to press from both sides and get device (6).
2. The automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic chuck (53) is a metal member having a bottom surface provided with a stripe groove.
3. The autoloading mechanism for machining according to claim 1, wherein the excitation cable (52) is connected to an external power source through one end of the outside of the electromagnetic generator (51).
4. The automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to claim 1, characterized in that the top of the gripping device (6) is parallel symmetrical to the bottom of the electromagnetic chuck (53).
5. The automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to claim 1, characterized in that the cylinder (4) is slidably connected with the rail frame (2) through the displacement device (3).
6. The automatic feeding mechanism for machining according to claim 1, characterized in that the whole body of the upright (1) and the rail frame (2) is a symmetrical T-shaped structure.
CN201921722801.3U 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic feeding mechanism for machining Active CN211310120U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921722801.3U CN211310120U (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic feeding mechanism for machining

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921722801.3U CN211310120U (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic feeding mechanism for machining

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211310120U true CN211310120U (en) 2020-08-21

Family

ID=72076456

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921722801.3U Active CN211310120U (en) 2019-10-12 2019-10-12 Automatic feeding mechanism for machining

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211310120U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112338901A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-02-09 南京栖木智能技术研究院有限公司 General type robot grabbing device based on electromagnetic adsorption

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112338901A (en) * 2020-11-10 2021-02-09 南京栖木智能技术研究院有限公司 General type robot grabbing device based on electromagnetic adsorption

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