CN211096366U - Portable sputum aspirator - Google Patents

Portable sputum aspirator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211096366U
CN211096366U CN201920388325.XU CN201920388325U CN211096366U CN 211096366 U CN211096366 U CN 211096366U CN 201920388325 U CN201920388325 U CN 201920388325U CN 211096366 U CN211096366 U CN 211096366U
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Prior art keywords
negative pressure
connecting pipe
cup
interface
sputum aspirator
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CN201920388325.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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时旭
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First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
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First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
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Priority to CN201920388325.XU priority Critical patent/CN211096366U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a portable sputum aspirator, which comprises a cup body, a cup cover, an inner container, a negative pressure connecting pipe and a negative pressure device, the inner container is connected on the cup cover, the cup cover is detachably connected on the cup body, the inner container is arranged in the cup body, the cup cover is provided with a sputum suction interface and a negative pressure interface which are communicated with the inner part of the inner container, the sputum suction interface is connected with a sputum suction pipe, one end of the negative pressure connecting pipe is detachably connected with the negative pressure interface, the other end of the negative pressure connecting pipe is connected with the negative pressure device, the cup cover and the inner container can be detachably replaced and are disposable, the cup body does not need to be cleaned, the cup body can provide support for the cup cover and the inner container, has a protection effect on the inner container, and can prevent the inner container from being damaged when in use and prevent secretion from leaking when the inner container is damaged.

Description

Portable sputum aspirator
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, especially, relate to a portable sputum aspirator.
Background
COPD and bronchiectasis are common respiratory diseases, the prevalence rate of COPD of people over 30 years old in China is reported to be 6.2%, and respiratory diseases mainly based on COPD become the first cause of death in rural areas and the 4 th cause of death in cities in China. Patients suffering from COPD acute exacerbation and bronchiectasis complicated infection have increased sputum amount and are sticky, if sputum cannot be effectively discharged, a large amount of purulent sputum is accumulated in respiratory tracts, which is a place for bacterial breeding, the sterilization effect of antibiotics can be reduced, and partial patients even have to suck sputum in airways through a fiberoptic bronchoscope. Therefore, the safe and effective sputum excretion method with less complications and pain is the key treatment content for patients with more sputum. Stimulating cough, effective back percussion and body position drainage are powerful measures for assisting patients in sputum excretion, and negative pressure suction can help patients with weak sputum excretion to relieve respiratory obstruction. Research shows that the deep suction of the airway with the indications is beneficial to thoroughly cleaning the endocrine in the respiratory tract, improving the hypoxia of the organism and prolonging the sputum suction interval time. The suction of airway secretions means that sputum, blood, mistakenly sucked gastric contents and other foreign matters in the airway cannot be effectively removed due to the reduction of cough capacity of a patient, and the sputum, the blood, the mistakenly sucked gastric contents and other foreign matters need to be removed by external suction so as to keep the airway smooth. The establishment of an artificial airway causes the original function of the upper airway to be lost, and particularly the use of a large amount of sedatives significantly reduces the cough ability of the patient. Therefore, in patients with poor cough ability, especially those with established artificial airways, the attraction of airway secretions is already a technique that the caregivers of the patients must master, playing a crucial role in the treatment and rehabilitation of the patients. Continuous oxygen supply, low negative pressure and intermittent negative pressure suction can reduce the incidence of complications such as hypoxemia and respiratory mucosa injury caused by sputum suction.
At present, in clinical practice, hospitals often adopt a central negative pressure aspirator to suck sputum, and household sputum suction devices are also available in the market. However, the existing sputum suction devices suck secretions into a container through a sputum suction pipe for placement, after sputum suction is completed, necessary materials in the container need to be poured and cleaned, the secretions are communicated with the outside, and the secretions are infected by nursing staff easily due to a large number of viruses and bacteria and are easy to spread.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the utility model aims at providing a portable sputum aspirator which is disposable and convenient to use.
For solving the technical problem, the utility model provides a portable sputum aspirator, including cup, bowl cover, inner bag, negative pressure connecting pipe and vacuum device, the inner bag is connected on the bowl cover, bowl cover detachably connects just on the cup the inner bag is arranged in the cup, be equipped with on the bowl cover with the communicating phlegm interface and the negative pressure interface of inhaling of inside of inner bag, it has the phlegm pipe of inhaling to inhale phlegm interface connection, the one end detachably of negative pressure connecting pipe connects the negative pressure interface, the other end of negative pressure connecting pipe with vacuum device connects.
Preferably, the inner container is internally provided with an absorbent.
Preferably, the absorbent comprises silica gel desiccant and water absorbent resin.
As a preferred scheme, a first connecting pipe is connected to the sputum suction interface, and a second connecting pipe is connected to the negative pressure interface.
As a preferable scheme, one end of the sputum suction tube is provided with a first conical joint connected with the first connecting tube, and one end of the negative pressure connecting tube is provided with a second conical joint connected with the second connecting tube.
As a preferred scheme, an air exhaust interface communicated with the inside of the cup body is arranged on the cup cover and is communicated with the second connecting pipe through a third connecting pipe.
As a preferred scheme, one end of the first connecting pipe connected with the sputum suction interface extends into the inner container, and the pipe orifice of the first connecting pipe is lower than the pipe orifice of the second connecting pipe.
As a preferred scheme, the negative pressure device comprises a shell, and a negative pressure pump, a processor and a battery which are arranged inside the shell, wherein an indicating lamp, a power key, a pressure reducing key, a pressure increasing key, a pause key, an air inlet and an air outlet are arranged on the shell, the negative pressure pump, the indicating lamp, the power key, the pressure reducing key, the pressure increasing key and the pause key are respectively connected with the processor, the air inlet is communicated with an inlet of the negative pressure pump, the air outlet is communicated with an outlet of the negative pressure pump, and the negative pressure connecting pipe is connected with the air inlet.
Preferably, the battery is a rechargeable battery, and the shell is provided with a charging interface.
Preferably, the cup cover is in threaded connection with the cup body.
The utility model has the advantages as follows:
1. the utility model arranges the inner container in the cup body, the inner container is connected with the cup cover, the cup cover is detachably connected with the cup body, when in use, the cup cover, the inner container and the cup body are installed, then the sputum suction interface is connected with the sputum suction pipe, the negative pressure connecting pipe connected with the negative pressure device is connected with the negative pressure interface, sputum is sucked through the negative pressure device, secretion enters the inner container through the sputum suction pipe, after the sputum suction is finished, the negative pressure connecting pipe is disassembled, the cup cover is disassembled from the cup body, then the cup cover and the inner container are taken out together for collection and treatment, the cup cover and the inner container are replaced when the cup is used next time, the cup is disposable, the cup body does not need to be cleaned, the treatment is convenient, the cross infection and the propagation of viruses and bacteria are avoided, the cup body can provide support for the cup cover and the inner container and has a protective effect on the inner container, the inner container is prevented from being damaged when the cup is used, and the leakage of secretion can be prevented when the inner container is damaged.
2. The utility model discloses be equipped with the absorbent in the inner bag, reducible visual impact and reduce the propagation of virus, bacterium etc.. The utility model discloses an in the first connecting pipe stretches into the inner bag and the mouth of pipe of first connecting pipe is less than the mouth of pipe of second connecting pipe, can prevent during the secretion gets into the negative pressure connecting pipe. In addition, the cup cover is also provided with an air exhaust interface communicated with the inside of the cup body, the air exhaust interface is communicated with the second connecting pipe through a third connecting pipe, and air in the cup body can be exhausted when negative pressure is communicated, so that expansion of the sputum storage liner is facilitated.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a portable sputum aspirator of an embodiment.
The sputum aspirating device comprises a cup body 1, a cup cover 2, a cup cover 3, an inner container 4, a negative pressure connecting pipe 401, a second conical joint 5, a sputum aspirating pipe 501, a first conical joint 6, an absorbent 7, a first connecting pipe 8, a second connecting pipe 9, a third connecting pipe 10, a shell 11, an indicator light 12, a power key 12, a pressure reducing key 13, a pressure increasing key 14, a pause key 15, an air inlet 16, a power line 17 and a power adapter 18.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the portable sputum aspirator of this embodiment includes cup 1, bowl cover 2, inner bag 3, negative pressure connecting pipe 4 and negative pressure device, inner bag 3 is connected on bowl cover 2, bowl cover 2 detachably connects on cup 1 and inner bag 3 arranges in cup 1, be equipped with on bowl cover 2 with the communicating phlegm interface and the negative pressure interface of inhaling in the inside of inner bag 3, it has phlegm pipe 5 to inhale phlegm interface connection, the one end detachably of negative pressure connecting pipe 4 connects at the negative pressure interface, the other end and the negative pressure device of negative pressure connecting pipe 4 are connected. In the embodiment, the inner container 3 is arranged in the cup body 1, the inner container 3 is connected with the cup cover 2, the cup cover 2 is detachably connected with the cup body 1, when the cup is used, the cup cover 2, the inner container 3 and the cup body 1 are installed, then the sputum suction pipe 5 is connected with the sputum suction interface, the negative pressure connecting pipe 4 connected with the negative pressure device is connected with the negative pressure interface, sputum suction is carried out through the negative pressure device, secretion enters the inner container 3 through the sputum suction pipe 5, after the sputum suction is finished, the negative pressure connecting pipe 4 is detached, the cup cover 2 is detached from the cup body 1, then the cup cover 2 and the inner container 3 are taken out together for collection treatment, the cup cover and the inner container are replaced when the cup is used next time, the cup is disposable, the cup body 1 does not need to be cleaned, the treatment is convenient, the cross infection, the spread of viruses and bacteria is avoided, the cup body 1 can provide support for the inner container, the inner container 3 is prevented from being damaged when in use, and the secretion can be prevented from leaking when the inner container 3 is damaged. The inner container 3 and the cup cover 2 of the embodiment are fixedly connected, and the cup cover 2 and the inner container 3 are bonded into a whole through a silica gel adhesive to form a closed space. The cup cover 2 is in threaded connection with the cup body 1, an external thread is arranged on the cup body 1, and an internal thread matched with the external thread is arranged on the cup cover 2.
In this embodiment, the absorbent 6 is disposed in the liner to reduce visual impact and to reduce the spread of viruses, bacteria, etc. The absorbent 6 includes a silica gel desiccant and a water absorbent resin. The silica gel desiccant is blue silica gel desiccant, and the desiccant gradually becomes pink or light red along with the change of humidity after meeting water, and when all the silica gel desiccants become red, the maximum absorption capacity is reached, and the cup cover and the inner container are prompted to be replaced. In addition, the cup body is also provided with scales for respectively indicating the sputum volumes to be 10ml, 20ml, 30ml, 40ml and 50ml, so that the sputum suction volume can be conveniently observed.
The sputum suction interface of the embodiment is connected with a first connecting pipe 7, and the negative pressure interface is connected with a second connecting pipe 8, so that the sputum suction interface is conveniently connected with the sputum suction pipe 5 and the negative pressure connecting pipe 4. One end of the sputum suction pipe 5 is provided with a first conical joint 501 connected with the first connecting pipe 7, one end of the negative pressure connecting pipe 4 is provided with a second conical joint 401 connected with the second connecting pipe 8, and the two pipes can be conveniently and tightly connected through the conical joints. In addition, first connecting pipe 7 and the one end of inhaling phlegm interface connection stretch into inner bag 3, and the mouth of pipe of first connecting pipe 7 is less than the mouth of pipe of second connecting pipe 8, and second connecting pipe 7 is outstanding to the inside of inner bag 3, makes the sputum can get into the bottom of inner bag 3, prevents that the sputum from getting into in negative pressure connecting pipe 4. In addition, an air exhaust interface communicated with the inside of the cup body 1 is arranged on the cup cover 2 and is communicated with a second connecting pipe 8 through a third connecting pipe 9, the sputum suction interface and the negative pressure interface are communicated with the inside of the cup body 1 and the outside of the closed space formed by the cup cover 2 and the liner 3, and the air exhaust interface is communicated with the inside of the cup body 1 and the outside of the closed space formed by the cup cover 2 and the liner 3 and can exhaust air in the cup body 1 when the negative pressure is connected, so that the expansion of the sputum storage liner 3 is facilitated.
The negative pressure device of this embodiment includes casing 10 and sets up the negative pressure pump in casing 10 inside, treater and battery, be equipped with pilot lamp 11 on the casing, power key 12, pressure reduction key 13, pressure increase key 14, pause key 15, air inlet 16 and gas outlet, the negative pressure pump, pilot lamp 11, power key 12, pressure reduction key 13, pressure increase key 14, pause key 15 is connected with the treater respectively, air inlet 16 communicates with the entry of negative pressure pump, the gas outlet communicates with the export of negative pressure pump, negative pressure connecting pipe 4 is connected at air inlet 16. The pressure of the negative pressure device of this embodiment is adjustable, satisfies the patient of different disease processes stage, the patient's of different sputum viscosity demand promptly. The pressure of the embodiment is set to 6 gears, the gears are displayed through the indicator lamp 11, the adjustment is carried out through the pressure reduction key 13 and the pressure increase key 14, and meanwhile, the pause key 15 is arranged, so that the use can be temporarily paused in the sputum suction process. The 6 shift positions of the present embodiment are 1 shift (suction negative pressure 6.7-13.3kPa), 2 shift (suction negative pressure 13.3-20kPa), 3 shift (suction negative pressure 20-26.7kPa), 4 shift (suction negative pressure 26.7-33.3kPa), 5 shift (suction negative pressure 33.3-40.0kPa), and 6 shift (suction negative pressure 40.0-53.3kPa), respectively. In addition, the battery of this embodiment is rechargeable, is equipped with the interface that charges on the casing 10, and has set up power cord 17 at the interface that charges and connect power adapter 18, conveniently charges and carries.
In conclusion, in the embodiment, the inner container 3 is arranged in the cup body 1, the inner container 3 is connected with the cup cover 2, the cup cover 2 is detachably connected with the cup body 1, when the cup is used, the cup cover 2, the inner container 3 and the cup body 1 are installed, then the sputum suction pipe 5 is connected with the sputum suction interface, the negative pressure connecting pipe 4 connected with the negative pressure device is connected with the negative pressure interface, sputum suction is carried out through the negative pressure device, secretion enters the inner container 3 through the sputum suction pipe 5, after sputum suction is finished, the negative pressure connecting pipe 4 is detached, the cup cover 2 is detached from the cup body 1, then the cup cover 2 and the inner container 3 are taken out together for collection treatment, the cup cover and the inner container are replaced with new ones for one-time use, the cup body 1 does not need to be cleaned, treatment is convenient, cross infection and virus and bacteria propagation are avoided, the cup body 1 can provide support for the inner container 2 and the inner container 3 and has, the inner container 3 is prevented from being damaged when in use, and the secretion can be prevented from leaking when the inner container 3 is damaged.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of modifications and replacements can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and replacements should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a portable sputum aspirator, its characterized in that, includes cup, bowl cover, inner bag, negative pressure connecting pipe and negative pressure device, the inner bag is connected on the bowl cover, bowl cover detachably connects on the cup just the inner bag is arranged in the cup, be equipped with on the bowl cover with communicating phlegm interface and the negative pressure interface of inhaling in the inside of inner bag, it has the phlegm pipe of inhaling to inhale phlegm interface connection, the one end detachably of negative pressure connecting pipe is connected the negative pressure interface, the other end of negative pressure connecting pipe with negative pressure device connects.
2. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein an absorbent is disposed in the inner container.
3. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 2, wherein the absorbent comprises a silica gel desiccant and a water absorbent resin.
4. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein a first connecting tube is connected to the sputum aspirating interface and a second connecting tube is connected to the negative pressure interface.
5. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 4, wherein one end of the sputum aspirator tube is provided with a first tapered joint connected to the first connecting tube, and one end of the negative pressure connecting tube is provided with a second tapered joint connected to the second connecting tube.
6. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 4, wherein the lid is provided with an air suction port communicating with the inside of the cup body, and the air suction port communicates with the second connecting pipe through a third connecting pipe.
7. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 4, wherein one end of the first connecting tube connected to the sputum suction port extends into the inner container, and the tube orifice of the first connecting tube is lower than the tube orifice of the second connecting tube.
8. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein the negative pressure device comprises a housing, and a negative pressure pump, a processor and a battery arranged inside the housing, the housing is provided with an indicator light, a power key, a pressure reduction key, a pressure increase key, a pause key, an air inlet and an air outlet, the negative pressure pump, the indicator light, the power key, the pressure reduction key, the pressure increase key and the pause key are respectively connected with the processor, the air inlet is communicated with an inlet of the negative pressure pump, the air outlet is communicated with an outlet of the negative pressure pump, and the negative pressure connecting pipe is connected with the air inlet.
9. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 8, wherein the battery is a rechargeable battery and the housing has a charging interface.
10. The portable sputum aspirator of claim 1, wherein the lid is threadably connected to the cup.
CN201920388325.XU 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Portable sputum aspirator Active CN211096366U (en)

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CN201920388325.XU CN211096366U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Portable sputum aspirator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920388325.XU CN211096366U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Portable sputum aspirator

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CN211096366U true CN211096366U (en) 2020-07-28

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112274709A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-29 赵宏伟 Oral or nasal negative pressure treatment or smoking and drug rehabilitation device and smoking and drug rehabilitation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112274709A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-29 赵宏伟 Oral or nasal negative pressure treatment or smoking and drug rehabilitation device and smoking and drug rehabilitation method

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