CN211072099U - Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine - Google Patents

Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211072099U
CN211072099U CN201922114885.9U CN201922114885U CN211072099U CN 211072099 U CN211072099 U CN 211072099U CN 201922114885 U CN201922114885 U CN 201922114885U CN 211072099 U CN211072099 U CN 211072099U
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axis
driving
shaft
gear
rotary
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CN201922114885.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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马燕林
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Wenling Fuma Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Wenling Fuma Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a two-sided chamfering machine of many gear portions shaft tooth and processing method belongs to gear chamfering machine technical field, has solved the problem to the high-efficient processing of gear shaft chamfer of many gear portions, and its technical scheme main points are the space modulation who realizes different positions through multiaxis actuating mechanism, and the shaft tooth edges and corners both sides of synchronous high-efficient completion many gear portions put in place high-efficiently and accomplish chamfering processing one step, have reached and have improved work efficiency, are convenient for adjust.

Description

Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a chamfering machine technical field especially relates to a two-sided chamfering machine of multiple gear portion axle tooth.
Background
A chamfering machine is a common gear cutting machine. The method is widely applied to the industries such as automobile industry, machine manufacturing industry and the like. Present chamfering machine is generally suitable for processing, has the gear or the gear shaft of a gear portion, and to the gear shaft of a plurality of gear portions of processing, then need clamping many times, adjustment many times, and efficiency is not high, and traditional processing mode is the chamfering processing of single, also can only process the edges and corners of a gear portion at every turn. For a gear shaft workpiece with a plurality of gear parts, the gear shaft workpiece has a plurality of corner positions which need to be processed, so the method is not efficient. And the clamping and the adjustment before chamfering are carried out each time, so that more time is required to be delayed. The gear shaft workpiece having the plurality of gear portions may be generally referred to as a transmission gear shaft, but is not limited to a transmission gear shaft, and may be another gear shaft workpiece having a plurality of gear portions.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The present invention aims at solving at least one of the technical problems in the related art to a certain extent. In view of this, the present invention provides a double-sided chamfering machine and a machining method for multiple gear portions of an axle gear, which have the advantages of efficiently machining a gear shaft workpiece having multiple gear portions, and have the advantages of wide space adjustment range and high automation degree.
In order to solve the technical problem, the technical scheme of the utility model is that: the utility model provides a two-sided chamfering machine of many gear shaft tooth, includes the lathe bed, transversely installs the main shaft clamping device that is used for the clamping work piece on the lathe bed, and transversely installs the arbor system on the lathe bed, the arbor system includes:
the B-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the bed body and used for realizing horizontal linear driving,
the G-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the bed body and used for realizing horizontal linear driving,
the C-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the B-axis driving mechanism and used for realizing longitudinal linear driving,
a cutter shaft upright post which is arranged on the C-axis driving mechanism, is driven by the C-axis driving mechanism and is provided with a left cutter shaft mechanism,
the E-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the G-axis driving mechanism and used for realizing vertical lifting driving,
an F-axis rotary driving mechanism which is arranged on one side of the E-axis driving mechanism and is used for realizing rotary driving by a rotary center,
the D-axis driving mechanism is arranged on the F-axis rotary driving mechanism and is used for realizing linear telescopic driving,
and the right cutter shaft mechanism is arranged on the D shaft driving mechanism and is driven by the D shaft driving mechanism.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: left side arbor mechanism and right arbor mechanism structure are the same all includes: the milling cutter motor is fixed on the rotary plate, a rotary limiting groove is formed in the rotary plate, and the rotary plate is matched with the rotary limiting groove to realize 360-degree rotary adjustment.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: the cutter shaft upright post is provided with a hard guide rail, a screw shaft is installed in the upright post, an installation seat is arranged on the screw shaft, and the installation seat and the cutter shaft upright post are in sliding fit for fixing a left cutter shaft mechanism.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: the B-axis driving mechanism and the G-axis driving mechanism jointly comprise a sliding seat, a B sliding pair and a G sliding pair which are assembled on two top edges of the sliding seat in a sliding mode, a B-axis lead screw driver assembled on the left side of the sliding seat and a G-axis lead screw driver assembled on the right side of the sliding seat, and the B sliding pair and the G sliding pair are respectively driven by the B-axis lead screw driver and the G-axis lead screw driver through lead screws.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: and the E-axis driving mechanism and the D-axis driving mechanism are both screw rod transmission structures.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: the spindle clamping device comprises a clamping head mechanism and a tailstock mechanism which is arranged on the lathe bed and slides transversely, and an A-axis motor is arranged on the clamping head mechanism and used for driving a workpiece to rotate.
As a specific aspect of the present invention, it may be preferable that: and the cutter shaft system is also provided with a proximity switch for measuring and positioning the cutter feeding position of the gear tooth part.
The utility model discloses technical effect mainly embodies in following aspect: the workpiece is processed through seven-axis linkage, the omnibearing spatial position adjustment can be automatically realized, and the processing tool is suitable for rapidly and efficiently processing the tooth profile edges and corners of the shaft teeth of the multiple gear parts. The multi-axis chamfering machine has the advantages that the working efficiency is high, the space adjusting range is wide, the adjusting speed is high, chamfering can be simultaneously carried out from two sides, the multi-axis linkage is realized, the space adjusting range is wide, workpieces can be machined from different angles, the working quality and the working efficiency are improved, multiple times of clamping, multiple times of adjusting and multiple times of machining are omitted, and errors caused by clamping are avoided. The sliding table adopts a structure of a linear guide rail and a ball screw, so that the machining precision of the machine tool is obviously improved, and the machined gear edge surface is smooth.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the whole structure of the embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the whole structure of the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the spindle clamping device in the embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a B-axis drive mechanism and a G-axis drive mechanism in the embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a left knife shaft mechanism mounted on a knife shaft upright post in the embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a right knife shaft mechanism in the embodiment;
fig. 7 shows an E-axis drive mechanism and an F-axis rotary drive mechanism in the embodiment.
Reference numerals: 1. a bed body; 2. a main shaft clamping device; 21. a clamping head mechanism; 211. an A-axis motor; 22. a tailstock mechanism; 3. a knife shaft system; 31. a B-axis drive motor; 32. a G-axis drive motor; 33. a C-axis drive motor; 34. a left cutter shaft upright post; 341. a column guide rail; 342. a screw shaft; 343. a mounting seat; 35. a left cutter shaft adjusting and supporting mechanism; 36. a right column mechanism; 37. an F-axis rotation driving motor; 38. a D-axis drive motor; 39. a right cutter shaft adjusting and supporting mechanism; 391. a rotary base; 392. a rotating plate; 393. a milling cutter motor; 394. a rotation limiting groove; 395. a disc fixing plate; 301. a slide base; 302. b, a sliding pair; 303. g, a sliding pair; 304. b, driving a motor by a shaft screw rod; 305. a G-axis screw rod driving motor; 306. a screw pair; 4. a proximity switch; 01. a workpiece; 5. e, a motor; 6. and (4) a cutter.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary and intended to be used for explaining the present invention so that the technical solution of the present invention can be more easily understood and grasped, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example (b):
a multi-gear-part shaft-tooth double-sided chamfering machine is shown in figures 1, 2 and 3 and comprises a machine body 1, a main shaft clamping device 2 transversely installed on the machine body 1 and used for clamping a workpiece 01, and a cutter shaft system 3 transversely installed on the machine body 1.
The arbor system 3 includes:
the B-axis driving mechanism 31 is fixed on the lathe bed 1 and used for realizing transverse horizontal linear driving, and the G-axis driving mechanism 32 is fixed on the lathe bed 1 and used for realizing transverse horizontal linear driving.
The B-axis driving mechanism 31 and the G-axis driving mechanism 32 together include a slide base 301, a B-sliding pair 302 and a G-sliding pair 303 with sliding devices arranged on two top edges of the slide base 301, a B-axis lead screw driver 304 arranged on the left side of the slide base 301, and a G-axis lead screw driver 305 arranged on the right side of the slide base 301, and the B-sliding pair 302 and the G-sliding pair 303 are driven by the B-axis lead screw driver 304 and the G-axis lead screw driver 305 through the lead screw pair 306, respectively. The two lateral sides of the sliding base 301 are used as sliding rails, and the double-rail structure has a stable moving effect. The B-axis driving mechanism 31 and the G-axis driving mechanism 32 share a slide 301, and are capable of independently controlling the B-axis lead screw driver 304 and the G-axis lead screw driver 305 by integrating the two-direction driving. The B-axis lead screw driver 304 and the G-axis lead screw driver 305 also adopt a lead screw transmission structure, the lead screw shaft 306 is arranged in the slide carriage 301, and the two lead screw shafts 306 are parallel. It can be seen that the B sliding pair 302 and the G sliding pair 303 can be controlled to move closer to and away from each other.
In addition, the linear driving device further comprises a C-axis driving mechanism 33 fixed on the B-axis driving mechanism 31 for realizing the longitudinal linear driving.
Referring to fig. 5, the cutter shaft upright 34 is mounted on the C-axis driving mechanism 33, driven by the C-axis driving mechanism 33, and mounted with the left cutter shaft mechanism 35, the cutter shaft upright 34 is provided with a mounting groove 341, a screw shaft 342 is mounted in the mounting groove 341, the screw shaft 342 is provided with a mounting seat 343, and the mounting seat 343 and the cutter shaft upright 34 are slidably fitted for fixing the left cutter shaft mechanism 35. The screw shaft 342 on the arbor shaft post 34 is used for debugging during installation. Before operation, the left knife axis mechanism 35 is generally adjusted in position by the knife axis column 34.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the E-axis drive mechanism 36 includes a powered E-motor 5. Is fixed on the G-axis driving mechanism 32 and is used for realizing vertical lifting driving. And an F-axis swing drive mechanism 37 mounted on one side of the E-axis drive mechanism 36 for realizing swing drive with a swing center. And a D-axis driving mechanism 38 mounted on the F-axis rotation driving mechanism 37 for realizing linear telescopic driving. The right cutter shaft mechanism 39 is attached to the D-axis drive mechanism 38 and is driven by the D-axis drive mechanism 38. Fig. 6 also shows a cutter 6, the cutter 6 can be a general milling cutter, a special machine-clamped cutter can be used, the cutter can be changed conveniently, and the two cutters in fig. 6 can be replaced and used mutually.
The linear motion is driven by adopting a screw rod transmission structure, so that the device has the effects of high precision and good controllability.
The left knife shaft mechanism 35 and the right knife shaft mechanism 39 have the same structure and comprise: the milling cutter adjusting mechanism comprises a rotary seat 391, a rotary plate 392 rotatably connected to the rotary seat 391, and a milling cutter motor 393 fixed to the rotary plate 392 and provided with a cutter, wherein a rotary limiting groove 394 is formed in the rotary plate 392, and the rotary plate 392 is matched with the rotary limiting groove 394 to realize angle rotary adjustment. The rotary plate 392 and the rotary base 391 may be fixed by bolts. The rotation plate 392 cooperates with the rotation limiting groove 394 to realize the rotation adjustment of 0-50 degrees. The disc fixing plate 395 can realize the adjustment and fixation of the 360-degree position.
The E-axis driving mechanism 36 and the D-axis driving mechanism 38 are both screw rod transmission structures. The screw rod transmission structure is current structure, and the utility model discloses the innovation point of scheme lies in realizing diversely with the help of a plurality of screw rod transmission structures, and position adjustment is convenient for be fit for processing work piece 01 in this paper.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the spindle clamping device 2 includes a clamping head mechanism 21 and a tailstock mechanism 22 disposed on the bed 1 and capable of sliding laterally, and an a-axis motor is disposed on the clamping head mechanism 21 and used for driving the workpiece 01 to rotate.
In fig. 2, the cutter shaft system 3 is further provided with a proximity switch 4 for determining and positioning a gear edge of the gear shaft workpiece 01.
In addition, a method for machining a gear shaft by adopting the multi-gear shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine is provided, and comprises the following steps:
step 1: the initial position adjustment comprises the steps of adjusting the fixed height of the left cutter shaft mechanism 35 on the position of the cutter shaft upright post 34, and performing numerical control adjustment on the right cutter shaft mechanism 39 on the right upright post mechanism 36;
step 2: the main shaft clamping device 2 clamps the workpiece 01, the proximity switch 4 positions the workpiece 01, and the position of the workpiece 01 is calibrated through an intelligent control module of a numerical control machine;
and step 3: and (3) multi-axis linkage machining, namely simultaneously adjusting the positions of the left cutter shaft mechanism 35 and the right cutter shaft mechanism 39 and simultaneously machining edges and corners on two sides of the gear shaft workpiece 01.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, it is critical that the motion path of the left knife axis mechanism 35 and the motion path of the right knife axis mechanism 39 are matched with the rotation of the workpiece 01 to efficiently perform the simultaneous chamfering of the two sides of the gear shaft workpiece 01.
The tool end point on the left cutter shaft mechanism 35 and the tool end point on the right cutter shaft mechanism 39 can move in space in coordination with the edge angle of the rotating gear in the machining process. After the double-sided edge angle of one gear part is processed, the double-sided edge angle of a second gear part can be processed on the same workpiece 01, the workpiece 01 does not need to be detached and adjusted, the workpiece is in place in one step, and the efficiency is obviously improved.
The seven-axis linkage means that: a, B, C, D, E, F, G in the drawing.
Of course, the above is only a typical example of the present invention, and besides, the present invention can also have other various specific embodiments, and all technical solutions adopting equivalent replacement or equivalent transformation are all within the scope of the present invention as claimed.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a two-sided chamfering machine of multiple gear portion axle tooth, includes the lathe bed, transversely installs the main shaft clamping device that is used for the clamping work piece on the lathe bed and transversely installs the arbor system on the lathe bed, characterized by, the arbor system includes:
the B-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the bed body and used for realizing horizontal linear driving,
the G-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the bed body and used for realizing horizontal linear driving,
the C-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the B-axis driving mechanism and used for realizing longitudinal linear driving,
a cutter shaft upright post which is arranged on the C-axis driving mechanism, is driven by the C-axis driving mechanism and is provided with a left cutter shaft mechanism,
the E-axis driving mechanism is fixed on the G-axis driving mechanism and used for realizing vertical lifting driving,
the F-axis rotation driving mechanism is arranged on one side of the E-axis driving mechanism and is used for realizing the angle adjustment of the D-axis to carry out rotation driving,
the D-axis driving mechanism is arranged on the F-axis rotary driving mechanism and is used for realizing linear telescopic driving,
and the right cutter shaft mechanism is arranged on the D shaft driving mechanism and is driven by the D shaft driving mechanism.
2. The multiple gear part axial tooth double-sided chamfering machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein said left and right arbor mechanisms are identical in structure and each comprise: the milling cutter comprises a rotary seat, a rotary plate rotationally connected to the rotary seat, and a milling cutter motor fixed on the rotary plate and provided with a cutter, wherein a rotary limiting groove is formed in the rotary plate, and the rotary plate is matched with the rotary limiting groove to realize 0-50-degree rotary adjustment.
3. The multi-gear-section axial-tooth double-sided chamfering machine according to claim 2, wherein the arbor shaft is provided with a hard guide rail, a screw shaft is installed in the arbor shaft, a mounting seat is arranged on the screw shaft, and the mounting seat and the arbor shaft are in sliding fit for fixing the left arbor mechanism.
4. The multiple gear-part double-sided chamfering machine according to claim 3, wherein the B-axis driving mechanism and the G-axis driving mechanism together comprise a slide base, a B-axis slide pair and a G-axis slide pair slidably mounted on both top edges of the slide base, a B-axis screw driver mounted on the left side of the slide base, and a G-axis screw driver mounted on the right side of the slide base, the B-axis slide pair and the G-axis slide pair being driven by the B-axis screw driver and the G-axis screw driver, respectively, through the screw pairs.
5. The multiple-gear-part double-sided chamfering machine according to claim 4, wherein the E-axis driving mechanism and the D-axis driving mechanism are both screw driving structures.
6. The multi-gear-part shaft-tooth double-sided chamfering machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein said spindle clamping device comprises a chuck mechanism, a tailstock mechanism disposed on the machine body and capable of sliding laterally, said chuck mechanism being provided with an a-axis motor for driving the workpiece to rotate.
7. The multiple gear-section axial-tooth double-sided chamfering machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the arbor system is further provided with a proximity switch for measuring and positioning the cutting-in position of the tooth section.
CN201922114885.9U 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine Active CN211072099U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922114885.9U CN211072099U (en) 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922114885.9U CN211072099U (en) 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211072099U true CN211072099U (en) 2020-07-24

Family

ID=71638030

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922114885.9U Active CN211072099U (en) 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Multi-gear part shaft tooth double-sided chamfering machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211072099U (en)

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