CN210816249U - Seed grading and screening device for agriculture - Google Patents

Seed grading and screening device for agriculture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210816249U
CN210816249U CN201921250113.1U CN201921250113U CN210816249U CN 210816249 U CN210816249 U CN 210816249U CN 201921250113 U CN201921250113 U CN 201921250113U CN 210816249 U CN210816249 U CN 210816249U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box body
seed
screening
filter screen
shell
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201921250113.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李桂霞
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Suzhou Siersite New Material Technology Co ltd
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Suzhou Siersite New Material Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921250113.1U priority Critical patent/CN210816249U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210816249U publication Critical patent/CN210816249U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seed grading and screening device for agriculture, which belongs to the technical field of agricultural equipment and comprises a box body, wherein the top of the box body is provided with a feed inlet, a first filter screen is obliquely arranged below the feed inlet, a first discharge port is arranged at the lower end of the first filter screen, a fan is arranged at one side of the top of the box body, a dust collecting chamber is arranged at the right side of the box body, a second discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the box body, a grading and screening box is arranged under the second discharge port, a plurality of second filter screens are obliquely arranged at the inner part of the grading and screening box from top to bottom, the mesh number of the second filter screens is sequentially increased from top to bottom, compared with the common seed grading and screening device, the seed grading and screening device can sweep and remove dust through the fan, the seeds can be classified according to the size of the volume through the grading and screening box and, ensures the quality of the seeds and is beneficial to agricultural production.

Description

Seed grading and screening device for agriculture
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural equipment technical field especially relates to a seed classified screening device for agricultural.
Background
In the planting of crops, screening of seeds is a very important step. The quality of the seeds is directly related to the yield of crops, the seeds with larger or smaller particles belong to inferior seeds, the planting of the crops is not facilitated, and the high yield of the crops can be ensured only by healthy and plump seeds. Therefore, in modern agriculture, a seed screening device has become an indispensable apparatus for ensuring the quality of seeds.
Traditional seed screening mostly adopts the manual work to operate, and people utilize blast apparatus such as fan to sweep the dust removal to the seed earlier, and the rethread dustpan is screened, and then obtains the better seed of quality. However, the method is labor-wasting and low in screening efficiency, not only wastes seeds, but also fills dust in the air during the blowing process, causes great harm to human bodies, and causes environmental pollution. And common seed screening mechanical device on the existing market, mostly all screening methods are comparatively single, can't carry out multistage screening to the seed, want once only to obtain the qualified seed of different volumes, often need change the filter screen many times, and work efficiency is lower. Accordingly, a seed classifying and screening apparatus for agriculture is proposed to solve the above problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome the not enough of above-mentioned prior art existence, and provide a seed classified screening device for agricultural.
The purpose of the utility model is realized like this:
a seed classified screening device for agriculture comprises a bottom plate, supports and a box body, wherein four supports are fixedly mounted on the bottom plate, the box body is fixedly mounted at the tops of the four supports, a feed inlet is formed in the center of the top of the box body, a first filter screen is obliquely arranged below the feed inlet, a first discharge port is formed in the lower end of the first filter screen, a fan is mounted on one side of the top of the box body through a hanging frame, a dust collecting chamber is mounted on the outer wall of the right side of the box body, first protective screens are mounted on two sides of the fan, a second protective screen is mounted at the inlet of the dust collecting chamber, a second discharge port is formed in the bottom of the box body, a classified screening box is arranged right below the second discharge port and communicated with the tops of the classified screening box through rubber connecting sleeves, and a plurality of second filter screens are obliquely mounted in the classified, every the low end department of second filter screen all be provided with a third discharge gate, and a plurality of the mesh number top-down of second filter screen increase in proper order, the bottom of classified screening case is provided with row cinder notch.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the first filter screen is made of elastic materials.
As a further aspect of the present invention: an electric material shifting wheel is installed on the inner side of the first discharge hole.
As a further aspect of the present invention: install four shock dynamo on the bottom plate, and every shock dynamo's output all be connected with the vibration axle, every the top of vibration axle all with hierarchical screening case fixed connection.
As a further aspect of the present invention: and a lifting device is arranged on the side surface of the box body.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the lifting device comprises a shell, a motor, a rotating shaft, lifting blades and a feeding pipe, wherein the shell is fixedly installed on the side face of the box body, one side of the bottom of the shell is communicated with a first discharge hole, one side of the top of the shell is communicated with a feed inlet through the feeding pipe, the motor is installed at the top of the shell, the output end of the motor is connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft penetrates through the top of the shell and extends to the bottom of the shell, and the rotating shaft is provided with the spiral blades.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the bottom of feed inlet is provided with turns over the board, and turns over the board and rotate through round pin axle and be connected with the feed inlet, turn over one side bottom of board and install the balancing weight.
The utility model has the advantages that the seed is swept by the fan, the dust and light impurities doped in the seed can be effectively removed, and then the seed is collected under the action of the dust collecting chamber, thereby ensuring the cleanness of the seed and avoiding the environmental pollution; the seeds can be repeatedly eaten, swept and filtered through the arranged lifting device, and the sweeping and filtering effects are improved; through the classified screening case and the second filter screen that set up, can classify the seed according to the size of volume, guaranteed the quality of seed, be favorable to the production of agricultural.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a seed classifying and screening device for agriculture.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the construction of a classifying screen box of a seed classifying screen apparatus for agriculture.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of a feed inlet of the seed classifying and screening apparatus for agriculture in example 2.
In the figure: 1-bottom plate, 2-bracket, 3-box body, 4-feed inlet, 5-hanger, 6-blower, 7-first protective net, 8-second protective net, 9-dust collecting chamber, 10-first filter screen, 11-first discharge outlet, 12-electric kick-out wheel, 13-shell, 14-motor, 15-rotating shaft, 16-lifting paddle, 17-feeding pipe, 18-second discharge outlet, 19-rubber connecting sleeve, 20-grading screening box, 21-second filter screen, 22-third discharge outlet, 23-slag discharge outlet, 24-vibrating shaft, 25-vibrating motor, 26-pin shaft, 27-turning plate, 28-balancing weight.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a seed classifying and screening device for agriculture comprises a bottom plate 1, supports 2 and a box body 3, wherein four supports 2 are fixedly mounted on the bottom plate 1, and the box body 3 is fixedly mounted on the tops of the four supports 2, a feed inlet 4 is disposed at the center of the top of the box body 3, a first filter screen 10 is obliquely disposed below the feed inlet 4, a first discharge outlet 11 is disposed at the lower end of the first filter screen 10, a fan 6 is mounted on the top of the box body 3 through a hanger 5, a dust collecting chamber 9 is mounted on the outer wall of the right side of the box body 3, first protective screens 7 are mounted on both sides of the fan 6, a second protective screen 8 is mounted at the inlet of the dust collecting chamber 9, a second discharge outlet 18 is disposed at the bottom of the box body 3, a classifying and screening box 20 is disposed under the second discharge outlet 18, and the second discharge outlet 18 is communicated with the top of, a plurality of second filter screen 21 is installed in the inside top-down slope of classified screening case 20, every the low side department of second filter screen 21 all be provided with a third discharge gate 22, and a plurality of the mesh number top-down of second filter screen 21 increase in proper order, the bottom of classified screening case 20 is provided with row cinder notch 23.
Further, the first filter screen 10 is made of an elastic material. Here, when the seeds fall on the first filter screen 10 from the feed opening 4, the first filter screen 10 is vibrated to enhance the filtering effect.
Still further, electronic setting wheel 12 is installed to the inboard of first discharge gate 11, here, through the effect of electronic setting wheel 12, can stir the seed that is located first discharge gate 11 department, avoids taking place the condition of jam.
Still further, install four shock dynamo 25 on the bottom plate 1, and every shock dynamo 25's output all be connected with vibration axle 24, every vibration axle 24's top all with hierarchical screening case 20 fixed connection.
Still further, a lifting device is installed on the side surface of the box body 3.
Still further, the lifting device comprises a shell 13, a motor 14, a rotating shaft 15, lifting blades 16 and a feeding pipe 17, wherein the shell 13 is fixedly installed on the side surface of the box body 3, one side of the bottom of the shell 13 is communicated with the first discharging hole 11, one side of the top of the shell 13 is communicated with the feeding hole 4 through the feeding pipe 17, the motor 14 is installed at the top of the shell 13, the output end of the motor 14 is connected with the rotating shaft 15, the rotating shaft 15 penetrates through the top of the shell 13 and extends to the bottom of the shell 13, and the rotating shaft 15 is provided with the spiral blades 16.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows: in actual use, the fan 6 is started first, and then seeds to be classified and screened are added into the box body 3 from the feed port 4. In the process that the seeds fall onto the first filter screen 10, the seeds are blown away under the action of the fan 6, dust, light impurities and the like contained in the seeds are blown away, and then the seeds are collected by the dust collection chamber 9; when the seeds fall on the first filter screen 10, the first filter screen 10 is made of an elastic material, so that the first filter screen 10 vibrates, and the filtering effect is enhanced. Under the filtering action of the first filter screen 10, a part of qualified seeds enter the grading screening box 20 from the second discharge hole 18, the other part of the qualified seeds enter the lifting device through the first discharge hole 11, the qualified seeds enter the feed hole 4 again through the feed pipe 17 under the action of the lifting device, then the seeds are dedusted by the fan 6 and filtered by the first filter screen 10, and the dust doped in the seeds and the oversized seeds are removed until all the qualified seeds enter the grading screening box 20.
When the seed enters into classified screening case 20 inside, because the inside slope of classified screening case 20 is provided with the second filter screen 21 that a plurality of mesh number top-down increases in proper order, consequently can divide into a plurality of grade with the seed according to the size of volume, discharge by third discharge gate 22 again, collect the use, and the too little partly of volume and some small granule impurity are then discharged through row cinder notch 23 in the seed.
Compared with the common seed grading screening device, the utility model has the advantages that the arranged fan 6 sweeps the seeds, so that the dust and light impurities doped in the seeds can be effectively removed, and the seeds are collected under the action of the dust collecting chamber 9, thereby ensuring the cleanness of the seeds, avoiding the pollution to the environment and reducing the harm to the human body; the seeds can be repeatedly eaten, swept and filtered through the arranged lifting device, and the sweeping and filtering effects are improved; through the classified screening case 20 and the second filter screen 21 that set up, can once only carry out the multistage screening to planting, classify the seed according to the size of volume, guarantee the quality of seed, be favorable to the production of agricultural.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in the embodiment, mainly based on embodiment 1, a turning plate 27 is disposed at the bottom end of the feeding port 4, the turning plate 27 is rotatably connected to the feeding port 4 through a pin 26, and a counterweight 28 is mounted at the bottom of one side of the turning plate 27.
Here, through turning over board 27 and balancing weight 28 that sets up in the bottom of feeder hopper 4, can effectually control the blanking quantity of seed at every turn, not only be favorable to the fan to sweep the edulcoration to the seed, improved edulcoration efficiency, also be favorable to the filtration, the screening of seed.
It should be particularly noted that, in this technical scheme, bottom plate 1, support 2 and box 3 are prior art's application, and the specific installation, application, the structure of fan 6, dust-collecting chamber 9, hoisting device, hierarchical screening case 20 and second filter screen 21 are the innovation point of this application, compare with common seed hierarchical screening device, and its beneficial effect is: the utility model can effectively remove the dust and light impurities doped in the seeds by blowing the seeds by the arranged fan 6, and then the seeds are collected by the action of the dust collecting chamber 9, thereby not only ensuring the cleanness of the seeds, but also avoiding the pollution of the environment; the seeds can be repeatedly eaten, swept and filtered through the arranged lifting device, and the sweeping and filtering effects are improved; through the classified screening case 20 and the second filter screen 21 that set up, can classify the seed according to the size of volume, guaranteed the quality of seed, be favorable to the production of agricultural.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The seed grading and screening device for agriculture comprises a bottom plate (1), supports (2) and a box body (3), wherein the four supports (2) are fixedly mounted on the bottom plate (1), and the box body (3) is fixedly mounted at the tops of the four supports (2), and is characterized in that a feed inlet (4) is formed in the center of the top of the box body (3), a first filter screen (10) is obliquely arranged below the feed inlet (4), a first discharge hole (11) is formed in the lower end of the first filter screen (10), a fan (6) is mounted on one side of the top of the box body (3) through a hanging bracket (5), a dust collecting chamber (9) is mounted on the outer wall of the right side of the box body (3), first protective nets (7) are mounted on two sides of the fan (6), a second protective net (8) is mounted at the inlet of the dust collecting chamber (9), a second discharge hole (18) is formed in the bottom of, be provided with classified screening case (20) under second discharge gate (18), and second discharge gate (18) are through the top intercommunication of rubber adapter sleeve (19) with classified screening case (20), a plurality of second filter screen (21), every are installed in the slope of inside top-down of classified screening case (20) the low end department of second filter screen (21) all be provided with a third discharge gate (22), and a plurality of the mesh number top-down of second filter screen (21) increase in proper order, the bottom of classified screening case (20) is provided with row cinder notch (23).
2. A seed classifying screen device for agricultural use according to claim 1, characterized in that the first screen (10) is made of an elastic material.
3. The seed classifying and screening device for agricultural seeds as claimed in claim 2, wherein an electric kick-off wheel (12) is installed inside the first discharging hole (11).
4. The seed classifying and screening device for the agricultural seeds as claimed in claim 3, wherein four vibrating motors (25) are installed on the bottom plate (1), the output end of each vibrating motor (25) is connected with a vibrating shaft (24), and the top end of each vibrating shaft (24) is fixedly connected with the classifying and screening box (20).
5. A seed classifying and screening device for agricultural use according to claim 4, wherein a lifting device is installed at a side of the box body (3).
6. The seed grading and screening device for agriculture according to claim 5, wherein the lifting device comprises a shell (13), a motor (14), a rotating shaft (15), a lifting paddle (16) and a feeding pipe (17), the shell (13) is fixedly installed on the side of the box body (3), one side of the bottom of the shell (13) is communicated with the first discharging hole (11), one side of the top of the shell (13) is communicated with the feeding hole (4) through the feeding pipe (17), the motor (14) is installed on the top of the shell (13), the output end of the motor (14) is connected with the rotating shaft (15), the rotating shaft (15) penetrates through the top of the shell (13) and extends to the bottom of the shell (13), and the lifting paddle (16) is installed on the rotating shaft (15).
7. The seed grading and screening device for agriculture according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a turning plate (27) is arranged at the bottom end of the feed inlet (4), the turning plate (27) is rotatably connected with the feed inlet (4) through a pin shaft (26), and a balancing weight (28) is installed at the bottom of one side of the turning plate (27).
CN201921250113.1U 2019-08-05 2019-08-05 Seed grading and screening device for agriculture Expired - Fee Related CN210816249U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921250113.1U CN210816249U (en) 2019-08-05 2019-08-05 Seed grading and screening device for agriculture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921250113.1U CN210816249U (en) 2019-08-05 2019-08-05 Seed grading and screening device for agriculture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210816249U true CN210816249U (en) 2020-06-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921250113.1U Expired - Fee Related CN210816249U (en) 2019-08-05 2019-08-05 Seed grading and screening device for agriculture

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112169887A (en) * 2020-08-21 2021-01-05 长丰县耕耘农工贸有限责任公司 Coal gangue crusher is used in production of ejection of compact integral type gangue hollow brick
CN112845057A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-28 李德久 Hierarchical sieving mechanism
CN113941503A (en) * 2021-08-27 2022-01-18 四川杰心生物科技集团有限公司 High-quality agricultural product breeding resource rapid screening equipment and use method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112169887A (en) * 2020-08-21 2021-01-05 长丰县耕耘农工贸有限责任公司 Coal gangue crusher is used in production of ejection of compact integral type gangue hollow brick
CN112845057A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-28 李德久 Hierarchical sieving mechanism
CN113941503A (en) * 2021-08-27 2022-01-18 四川杰心生物科技集团有限公司 High-quality agricultural product breeding resource rapid screening equipment and use method thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200623

Termination date: 20210805

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee