CN210624488U - Solar energy and steam combined power generation system - Google Patents

Solar energy and steam combined power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210624488U
CN210624488U CN201921673517.1U CN201921673517U CN210624488U CN 210624488 U CN210624488 U CN 210624488U CN 201921673517 U CN201921673517 U CN 201921673517U CN 210624488 U CN210624488 U CN 210624488U
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steam
solar
storage tank
heat
tank
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陈卫国
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The utility model provides a solar energy steam cogeneration system, including solar collector, hot water storage tank, moisturizing case and steam generator, solar collector includes that the bottom is provided with a plurality of mirrors of support, every the mirror all sets up through electronic pivot the support top is a plurality of map the setting each other between the mirror and be in hot water storage tank's periphery, hot water storage tank's water inlet through first solenoid valve communicate in the delivery port of moisturizing case, hot water storage tank's steam outlet through the second solenoid valve communicate in steam generator's steam inlet, hot water storage tank's bottom still is provided with assists the heat facility, assist the heat facility and include combustion chamber and exhaust outlet. The utility model discloses simple structure can effectively improve the utilization ratio of solar energy.

Description

Solar energy and steam combined power generation system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of power generation facility, particularly, relate to a solar energy steam cogeneration system.
Background
Solar photothermal refers to heat energy of solar radiation, and is an important aspect of solar thermal utilization, wherein a solar thermal power station refers to a power station which converts solar energy into heat energy and converts the heat energy into electric energy, most of the existing solar thermal power stations are arranged on a high tower, a boiler is arranged on the top of the tower, then solar energy is collected on the boiler after being reflected by sunlight, working substance water in the boiler is heated into high-temperature high-pressure steam, the high-temperature high-pressure steam is conveyed to a turbine generator through a pipeline to complete power generation, no emission and no pollution exist, the solar thermal power station belongs to environment-friendly energy-saving equipment, social benefits are obvious, but the structure is complex, the construction cost is high, the civil use is few, and the mode is intermittent work, namely, heat collection is performed when sunlight irradiates normally in the daytime to generate hot steam.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a new solar energy steam combined power generation system, the technical problem that solve are that current solar photothermal power system's structure is complicated, the lower problem of utilization ratio.
In view of this, the utility model provides a novel solar energy steam cogeneration system, including solar collector, hot water storage tank, moisturizing case and steam generator, solar collector includes that the bottom is provided with a plurality of speculum of support, every the speculum all sets up through electronic pivot the support top, and is a plurality of mutual mapping sets up between the speculum the periphery of hot water storage tank, hot water storage tank's water inlet through first solenoid valve communicate in the delivery port of moisturizing case, hot water storage tank's steam outlet through the second solenoid valve communicate in steam generator's steam inlet, hot water storage tank's bottom still is provided with assists the heat facility, assist the heat facility and include combustion chamber and exhaust outlet.
In the technical scheme, the solar steam combined power generation system is provided with a water supplementing tank, a heat storage tank and a solar heat collector, wherein the water supplementing tank can continuously supply water to the heat storage tank through a first electromagnetic valve in real time, the solar heat collector comprises a plurality of reflectors provided with a support, the reflectors are respectively arranged at the periphery of the heat storage tank, the reflectors are mutually mapped to facilitate secondary reflection utilization of irradiated sunlight, so that the reflector at one side receiving illumination can reflect the sunlight to the heat storage tank and then the reflector at the other side not receiving the illumination can receive the illumination reflected by the reflector at the side receiving the illumination, the reflected illumination is secondarily reflected to the heat storage tank for secondary heat collection, and the reflectors are all arranged on the support through an electric rotating shaft so that the reflectors can be driven by the electric rotating shaft, change the inclination of self, fully receive and reflection illumination, effectively improved the utilization ratio of solar energy, the supplementary heat facility that on the other hand heat storage water tank bottom set up can provide the heat for heat storage water tank at any time to last incessant electricity generation, the electricity generation demand that can the fully provided user.
In the above technical solution, preferably, a control box is disposed at the bottom of each support, a timer and a driving motor are disposed in the control box, a rotating shaft of the driving motor is connected to the electric rotating shaft, and the timer is connected to the driving motor.
In this technical scheme, the time-recorder is connected in driving motor, is convenient for control driving motor's action by time quantum to drive electronic pivot through driving motor, the electronic pivot of time quantum drive, change the inclination who sets up the speculum in electronic pivot, so that the more sufficient irradiation of receiving sunshine.
In the above technical solution, preferably, a first heat absorbing material is laid on an outer surface of the thermal storage water tank.
In the technical scheme, the first heat-absorbing material laid on the outer surface of the heat storage water tank is convenient to rapidly absorb heat energy generated by illumination.
In the above technical solution, preferably, the support includes a telescopic support and a rotary support, the rotary support is disposed on the top of the telescopic support, and the electric rotating shaft is disposed on the top of the rotary support.
In this technical scheme, telescopic bracket can adjust the height of speculum, and the orientation of speculum can effectively be adjusted to runing rest to adjust the speculum towards the sufficient direction of illumination, fully receive shining of sunshine.
In the above technical scheme, preferably, steam generator's inside is provided with steam conduit, steam buffer tank and steam constant voltage device, steam generator's top is provided with generator and steam turbine, steam generator's steam inlet communicate in proper order in steam conduit steam buffer tank steam constant voltage device with the steam turbine, the steam turbine intercommunication is provided with the steam relief valve, the generator with the pivot of steam turbine links to each other.
In this technical scheme, the steam pipe that steam generator's inside set up can receive the high temperature high pressure steam that the heat accumulation water tank produced, then transmits to steam buffer tank, steam constant voltage device and steam turbine to heat energy conversion is the electric energy fast.
In the above technical solution, preferably, an output end of the generator is connected with a voltage regulating device.
In the technical scheme, the generator is connected with the voltage regulating device to directly supply power.
In the above technical solution, preferably, the reflecting mirror is made of a flat mirror or a condenser.
In the above technical solution, preferably, a second heat absorbing material is coated on the surface of the water replenishing tank.
In this technical scheme, the second heat absorbing material that water supplementing box surface was paintd can absorb certain heat under the illumination, and when water supply in the water supplementing box was to the hot water storage tank, can absorb certain heat to hydroenergy that transmits to in the hot water storage tank is heated fast and is evaporated into steam, has effectively improved the formation of high temperature high pressure water vapor.
In the above technical solution, preferably, the water inlet of the thermal storage water tank is communicated with the water pipe at the water outlet of the water replenishing tank, and the water pipe at the steam outlet of the thermal storage water tank is communicated with the steam inlet of the steam generator all adopt heat preservation pipes.
In the technical scheme, the heat preservation pipeline can effectively avoid heat loss.
In the above technical solution, preferably, an electronic water level gauge is provided on the heat storage water tank, and the electronic water level gauge is connected to the first electromagnetic valve.
In this technical scheme, the water level of the inside liquid water of heat storage water tank can real-time supervision by the electron fluviograph to transmit the monitoring result to first solenoid valve, make first solenoid valve can be according to the break-make of received water level information control rivers.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of: simple structure, through setting up moisturizing case and hot water storage tank to set up the solar collector that can adjust according to the change angle of sunshine irradiation in hot water storage tank periphery, can effectively improve hot water storage tank's heat absorption rate, and the auxiliary heating device that sets up of hot water storage tank bottom can be when illumination is not enough, continuously provide the heat for hot water storage tank, carry out the electricity generation that lasts incessantly, effectively improved the utilization ratio of system, fully provided user's electricity generation demand.
Drawings
Fig. 1 shows a schematic structural diagram of a solar steam cogeneration system according to an embodiment of the invention.
The names corresponding to the reference numerals in the drawing are a hot water storage tank 101, a water replenishing tank 102, a steam generator 103, a bracket 104, a reflector 105, an electric rotating shaft 106, a first electromagnetic valve 107, a second electromagnetic valve 108, an auxiliary heating device 109, a generator 110, a steam turbine 111, a steam pressure release valve 112, a pressure regulating device 113 and an electronic water level meter 114.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those specifically described herein, and therefore the scope of the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
The present invention will be further described with reference to fig. 1.
As shown in fig. 1, a solar steam cogeneration system comprises a solar thermal collector, a thermal storage tank 101, a water replenishing tank 102 and a steam generator 103, wherein the solar thermal collector comprises a plurality of reflectors 105 with a bracket 104 arranged at the bottom, each reflector 105 is arranged at the top of the bracket 104 through an electric rotating shaft 106, the reflectors 105 are arranged at the periphery of the thermal storage tank 101 in a mutual mapping manner, a water inlet of the thermal storage tank 101 is communicated with a water outlet of the water replenishing tank 102 through a first electromagnetic valve 107, a steam outlet of the thermal storage tank 101 is communicated with a steam inlet of the steam generator 103 through a second electromagnetic valve 108, an auxiliary heating device 109 is further arranged at the bottom of the thermal storage tank 101, and the auxiliary heating device 109 comprises a combustion chamber and a waste gas outlet (not shown in the figure).
In the first embodiment, the solar steam cogeneration system is provided with the makeup water tank 102, the hot water storage tank 101 and the solar collector, the makeup water tank 102 can continuously supply water to the hot water storage tank 101 through the first electromagnetic valve 107 in real time, the solar collector comprises a plurality of reflectors 105 provided with a support 104, the reflectors 105 are respectively arranged on the periphery of the hot water storage tank 101, the reflectors 105 are mutually mapped to facilitate secondary reflection and utilization of irradiated sunlight, after the reflector 105 on one side receiving illumination reflects the sunlight and collects the heat to the hot water storage tank 101, the reflector 105 on the other side not receiving the illumination can receive the illumination reflected by the reflector 105 on the side receiving the illumination, the reflected illumination is secondarily reflected to the hot water storage tank 101 to perform secondary heat collection, and the reflectors 105 are all arranged on the support 104 through the electric rotating shaft 106, the reflector 105 can change the inclination angle thereof under the driving of the electric rotating shaft 106, fully receive and reflect light, effectively improve the utilization rate of solar energy, on the other hand, the auxiliary heating device 109 arranged at the bottom of the hot water storage tank 101 can provide heat for the hot water storage tank 101 at any time so as to continuously generate electricity and fully meet the electricity generation requirement of a user, a control box (not shown in the figure) is arranged at the bottom of each support 104, a timer and a driving motor (not shown in the figure) are arranged in the control box, the rotating shaft of the driving motor is connected to the electric rotating shaft 106, the timer is connected to the driving motor, a first heat absorbing material is laid on the outer surface of the hot water storage tank 101, each support 104 comprises a telescopic support 104 and a rotating support 104 (not shown in the figure), and the rotating support 104 is arranged at the top of the telescopic, the electric rotating shaft 106 is arranged on the top of the rotating bracket 104.
The second embodiment, the timer that sets up in the control box is connected in driving motor, be convenient for control driving motor's action by time quantum, so that drive electronic pivot 106 through driving motor, time quantum drive electronic pivot 106, change the inclination of the speculum 105 that sets up on electronic pivot 106, so that the more sufficient sunshine of receipt shines, the first heat-absorbing material of laying of hot water storage tank 101 surface is convenient for absorb the heat energy that the illumination produced rapidly, telescopic bracket 104 can adjust the height of speculum 105, the orientation of speculum 105 can effectively be adjusted to rotary bracket 104, so that adjust speculum 105 towards the sufficient direction of illumination, fully receive the shining of sunshine.
Wherein, the steam generator 103 is internally provided with a steam guide pipe, a steam buffer tank and a steam constant pressure device (not shown in the figure), the top of the steam generator 103 is provided with a generator 110 and a turbine 111, a steam inlet of the steam generator 103 is sequentially communicated with the steam guide pipe, the steam buffer tank, the steam constant pressure device and the turbine 111, a steam pressure relief valve 112 is arranged in communication with the steam turbine 111, the generator 110 is connected with a rotating shaft of the steam turbine 111, a steam conduit arranged in the steam generator 103 can receive high-temperature and high-pressure steam generated by the hot water storage tank 101, and then transferred to a steam buffer tank, a steam constant pressure device, and a steam turbine 111, thereby rapidly converting heat energy into electric energy, the output end of the generator 110 is connected with a voltage regulating device 113, and the connected voltage regulating device 113 can directly supply power; the reflector 105 is made of a plano mirror or a condenser, a second heat absorbing material is coated on the surface of the water replenishing tank 102, the second heat absorbing material coated on the surface of the water replenishing tank 102 can absorb certain heat under illumination, and when water in the water replenishing tank 102 is replenished to the heat storage water tank 101, certain heat can be absorbed, so that water transmitted to the heat storage water tank 101 can be heated quickly and evaporated into water vapor, and the formation of high-temperature and high-pressure water vapor is effectively improved; the water inlet of the heat storage water tank 101 is communicated with the water pipe at the water outlet of the water replenishing tank 102, and the water pipe at the steam outlet of the heat storage water tank 101 is communicated with the steam inlet of the steam generator 103 are all heat insulation pipelines, so that the heat loss can be effectively avoided by using the heat insulation pipelines; an electronic water level meter 114 is arranged on the hot water storage tank 101, the electronic water level meter 114 is connected to the first electromagnetic valve 107, the electronic water level meter 114 can monitor the water level of liquid water in the hot water storage tank 101 in real time, and a monitoring result is transmitted to the first electromagnetic valve 107, so that the first electromagnetic valve 107 can control the on-off of water flow according to received water level information.
In the actual use process, a user puts water into the water replenishing tank through the water inlet of the water replenishing tank, the second heat absorbing material arranged on the surface of the water replenishing tank can absorb certain heat in real time, and the heat storage tank fully receives heat energy collected by the solar heat collector under the condition of sufficient sunlight, generates high-temperature and high-pressure water vapor and transmits the high-temperature and high-pressure water vapor to the steam generator for power generation; under the not enough condition of sunshine irradiation, assist the heat facility and can provide the heat for holding water tank, should assist the heat facility and can provide the heat through placing fuel in the combustion chamber, the waste gas of burning can discharge to the external world through exhaust outlet, the hydrothermal production high-temperature high-pressure steam of hot water in the holding water tank, transmit to steam generator and generate electricity, after the regulator device is connected to the generator, can directly communicate the battery, the storage electric quantity, also can the lug connection commercial power supply.
Above combine the figure detailed description the utility model discloses a technical scheme, the utility model discloses a technical scheme provides a new solar energy steam combined power generation system, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, through setting up moisturizing case and hot water storage tank, and establish the solar collector that can adjust according to the change angle that sunshine shines at the hot water storage tank overcoat, can effectively improve hot water storage tank's heat absorption rate, and the auxiliary heating device that hot water storage tank bottom set up, can be when illumination is not enough, continuously provide the heat for hot water storage tank, continue incessant electricity generation, the utilization ratio of system has effectively been improved, fully provided user's electricity generation demand.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a solar energy steam cogeneration system, its characterized in that, includes solar collector, hot water storage tank, moisturizing case and steam generator, solar collector includes that the bottom is provided with a plurality of speculum of support, every the speculum all sets up through electronic pivot the support top is a plurality of map each other between the speculum and set up hot water storage tank's periphery, hot water storage tank's water inlet through first solenoid valve communicate in moisturizing case's delivery port, hot water storage tank's steam outlet through the second solenoid valve communicate in steam generator's steam inlet, hot water storage tank's bottom still is provided with assists the heat facility, assist the heat facility and include combustion chamber and exhaust outlet.
2. The solar steam combined power generation system according to claim 1, wherein a control box is arranged at the bottom of each bracket, a timer and a driving motor are arranged in the control box, a rotating shaft of the driving motor is connected to the electric rotating shaft, and the timer is connected to the driving motor.
3. The solar steam cogeneration system of claim 1, wherein the exterior surface of the thermal storage tank is lined with a first heat absorbing material.
4. The solar steam combined power generation system of claim 1, wherein the support comprises a telescopic support and a rotating support, the rotating support is arranged on top of the telescopic support, and the electric rotating shaft is arranged on top of the rotating support.
5. The solar steam combined power generation system according to claim 1, wherein a steam guide pipe, a steam buffer tank and a steam constant pressure device are arranged inside the steam generator, a generator and a steam turbine are arranged at the top of the steam generator, a steam inlet of the steam generator is sequentially communicated with the steam guide pipe, the steam buffer tank, the steam constant pressure device and the steam turbine, a steam relief valve is communicated with the steam turbine, and the generator is connected with a rotating shaft of the steam turbine.
6. The solar steam combined power generation system of claim 5, wherein a voltage regulator is connected to the output of the generator.
7. The solar steam cogeneration system of claim 1, wherein the reflector is made of plano or condenser mirrors.
8. The solar steam combined power generation system of claim 1, wherein a surface of the makeup tank is coated with a second heat absorbing material.
9. The solar steam combined power generation system of claim 1, wherein the water pipe of the water inlet of the heat storage water tank communicated with the water outlet of the water replenishing tank and the water pipe of the steam outlet of the heat storage water tank communicated with the steam inlet of the steam generator are all heat preservation pipes.
10. The solar steam combined power generation system according to claim 1, wherein an electronic water level gauge is provided on the heat storage water tank, and the electronic water level gauge is connected to the first electromagnetic valve.
CN201921673517.1U 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Solar energy and steam combined power generation system Active CN210624488U (en)

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CN201921673517.1U CN210624488U (en) 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Solar energy and steam combined power generation system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113915780A (en) * 2021-10-13 2022-01-11 山东纳宇能源科技有限公司 Switchable solar heat collection and power generation integrated device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113915780A (en) * 2021-10-13 2022-01-11 山东纳宇能源科技有限公司 Switchable solar heat collection and power generation integrated device
CN113915780B (en) * 2021-10-13 2023-10-31 山东纳宇能源科技有限公司 Switchable solar heat collection and power generation integrated device

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