CN210504774U - Hopper under high wet high-viscosity material - Google Patents

Hopper under high wet high-viscosity material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210504774U
CN210504774U CN201920257023.9U CN201920257023U CN210504774U CN 210504774 U CN210504774 U CN 210504774U CN 201920257023 U CN201920257023 U CN 201920257023U CN 210504774 U CN210504774 U CN 210504774U
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hopper
rotating shaft
driving mechanism
humidity
conical
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CN201920257023.9U
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Inventor
杨健
季光明
移亚东
冯胜球
程润喜
皮晓斐
高波
李天映
洪建鹏
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Road Environment Technology Co ltd
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Road Environment Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a material processing technology field, in particular to hopper under high wet high-viscosity material, include: the device comprises a cone hopper, a stirrer, a first spiral material conveying machine and a second spiral material conveying machine, wherein the top of the cone hopper is provided with a feeding hole, and the bottom of the cone hopper is provided with a discharging hole, the stirrer is arranged below the feeding hole in the cone hopper, and the first spiral material conveying machine and the second spiral material conveying machine are arranged above the discharging hole in the inner side of the cone hopper in parallel. The utility model provides a hopper under high wet high viscous material, agitator of accessible feed inlet below tentatively stirs high wet viscous material, prevents that high wet viscous material from extruding to knot to encircle or the bridge. And the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are conveyed from two ends of the bottom of the cone hopper to the middle under the drainage action of the first spiral conveying machine and the second spiral conveying machine and are discharged from a discharge opening in the center of the bottom, and the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are always in a movable state, so that the high-humidity high-viscosity materials can be effectively prevented from arching and bridging in the discharge hopper without discharging.

Description

Hopper under high wet high-viscosity material
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a material processing technology field, in particular to hopper under high wet high viscidity material.
Background
In the process of recycling solid wastes, for example, the wastes such as distiller's grains after brewing, carbide slag after gas making by carbide, sludge in urban waterworks and the like can be deeply processed or used as process auxiliary materials, and the materials such as the distiller's grains, the carbide slag and the like often have high water content, the water content is 30-65 percent, and the materials have viscous properties and are easy to agglomerate. During production and processing, the high-humidity and high-viscosity raw materials are transported and unloaded to a raw material storage yard by a logistics vehicle, then are transported to a position near the feeding equipment by a forklift, and the forklift feeding and the feeding equipment capacity are buffered and matched by arranging a blanking hopper. The conventional discharging hopper is in a cylindrical cone shape or a square cone shape in appearance, the conventional discharging hopper is in a large feeding hole and a small discharging hole in the discharging direction, the feeding hole is convenient for discharging materials, the small discharging hole is the discharging hopper for collecting the materials according to the conveying width of the discharging device under the hopper, the materials are conveyed conveniently, and the volume of the discharging hopper is reasonably set according to the capacity difference buffered as required.
The conventional blanking hopper device has simple structure and low cost, is used for material circulation occasions with good fluidity, and plays a good role in transition, but has extremely poor blanking effect on the high-humidity and high-viscosity materials, the high-humidity and high-viscosity materials are easy to arch and bridge in the hopper without blanking, and engineering materials with small friction coefficient, such as stainless steel plates, polytetrafluoroethylene plates and the like, are lined in the blanking hopper to improve the blanking effect; or a stirring scattering device is arranged in the hopper or a vibration device is arranged outside the hopper to assist in blanking, but for blanking of high-humidity and high-viscosity materials, the blanking effect of the blanking hopper is extremely poor, and a large amount of manpower is required to be input for assisting in blanking.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a hopper under high wet high viscous material has solved among the prior art high wet high viscous material and has very easily tied up the technical problem that encircles, bridge and not the unloading in hopper down.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a hopper under high wet high-viscosity material, include: the device comprises a conical hopper, a stirrer, a first spiral material conveyor and a second spiral material conveyor, wherein the top of the conical hopper is provided with a material inlet, and the bottom of the conical hopper is provided with a material outlet;
first spiral feeder includes: a first driving mechanism and a first rotating shaft; the first rotating shaft is arranged below the stirrer inside the conical hopper, and two ends of the first rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper; the first driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the first driving mechanism is connected with one end of the first rotating shaft; a helical blade is fixedly arranged on the first rotating shaft;
the second screw feeder includes: a second driving mechanism and a second rotating shaft rotating opposite to the first rotating shaft; the second rotating shaft is arranged below the stirrer inside the conical hopper, and two ends of the second rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper; the second driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the second driving mechanism is connected with one end of the second rotating shaft; and a helical blade is fixed on the second rotating shaft.
Furthermore, the first spiral material conveyor and the second spiral material conveyor are arranged on the same horizontal plane.
Further, the agitator includes: a third driving mechanism and a third rotating shaft;
the third rotating shaft is arranged in the conical hopper, and two ends of the third rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper;
the third driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the third driving mechanism is connected with one end of the third rotating shaft;
and a plurality of crushing pieces are fixed on the third rotating shaft.
Further, the crushing piece is of a round stick, a conical or a plate-shaped structure.
Further, at least one first toothed plate is fixed on the first rotating shaft along the circumferential direction;
at least one second toothed plate is fixed on the second rotating shaft along the circumferential direction;
the first toothed plate and the second toothed plate are in one-to-one correspondence, and the first toothed plate is meshed with the corresponding second toothed plate.
Further, the method also comprises the following steps: a support frame; the cone hopper is fixed on the support frame.
Further, the method also comprises the following steps: a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate; the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are fixed outside the conical hopper through the first mounting plate; the third driving mechanism is fixed outside the cone hopper through the second mounting plate.
Further, the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are motors.
Further, the third driving mechanism is a motor.
Further, the method also comprises the following steps: the top of the material guiding piece is open, and the bottom plate is provided with a groove; the material guiding piece is fixed below the discharge opening.
The utility model provides a pair of one or more technical scheme possesses following beneficial effect or advantage at least:
the utility model provides a hopper under high wet high viscous material, high wet viscous material get into the awl fill through the feed inlet, and the agitator of feed inlet below tentatively stirs high wet viscous material, can prevent high wet viscous material bridging or arching. The high-humidity high-viscosity materials stirred by the stirrer fall on the first spiral material conveying machine and the second spiral material conveying machine which are arranged in parallel, and the first spiral material conveying machine and the second spiral material conveying machine rotate oppositely, so that the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are conveyed from two ends of the bottom of the cone hopper to the middle under the drainage action of the first bolt material conveying machine and the second spiral material conveying machine, and are discharged from a discharge opening in the center of the bottom, the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are always in a movable state, and the high-humidity high-viscosity materials can be effectively prevented from being extremely arched and bridging in the discharge hopper without discharging.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a discharging hopper for high-humidity and high-viscosity materials provided by an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 2 is a side view of an internal structure of the cone bucket according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the first screw conveyor and the second screw conveyor provided in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the utility model provides a hopper under high wet high viscous material has solved among the prior art high wet high viscous material and has extremely easily tied up in hopper down and encircle, bridge and the technical problem of unloading not.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the embodiment of the utility model provides a hopper under high wet high-viscosity material specifically includes: the device comprises a cone hopper 1 with a feeding hole 11 at the top and a discharging hole 12 at the bottom, a stirrer 2 arranged below the feeding hole 11 in the cone hopper 1, a first spiral material conveyor 3 and a second spiral material conveyor 4.
Wherein, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the first screw conveyor 3 includes: the first driving mechanism 31 and the first rotating shaft 32, the first rotating shaft 32 is disposed below the stirrer 2 inside the conical hopper 1, both ends of the first rotating shaft 32 are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper 1, for example, both ends of the first rotating shaft 32 are respectively connected with the side wall of the conical hopper 1 through bearings. The first driving mechanism 31 is arranged outside the conical hopper 1, an output end of the first driving mechanism 31 is connected with one end of the first rotating shaft 32, and the first rotating shaft 32 is driven to rotate by the first driving mechanism 31. The second screw feeder 4 includes: the second driving mechanism 41 and a second rotating shaft 42 which rotates opposite to the first rotating shaft 32, the second rotating shaft 42 is arranged below the stirrer 2 in the conical hopper 1, and two ends of the second rotating shaft 42 are rotatably connected with the conical hopper 1; for example, two ends of the second rotating shaft 42 are respectively connected with the side wall of the cone bucket 1 through bearings. The second driving mechanism 41 is disposed outside the awl bucket 1, an output end of the second driving mechanism 41 is connected to one end of the second rotating shaft 42, and the second rotating shaft 42 is driven to rotate by the second driving mechanism 41. The first rotating shaft 32 and the second rotating shaft 42 are fixed with helical blades 9, and the helical blades 9 can be made of stainless steel. Specifically, the first driving mechanism 31 and the second driving mechanism 41 are motors, and the actual power requirement of the motors is at least two times greater than the designed power so as to meet the overload operation.
In a specific embodiment provided by the present invention, referring to fig. 1 and 3, a first screw conveyor 3 and a second screw conveyor 4 are disposed on the same horizontal plane; the high-humidity and high-viscosity materials can be uniformly conveyed from the two ends of the bottom of the conical hopper 1 to the middle.
In a specific embodiment provided by the present invention, referring to fig. 1-3, the stirrer 2 may include: a third driving mechanism 21 and a third rotating shaft 22. The third rotating shaft 22 is arranged in the cone hopper 1, and two ends of the third rotating shaft 22 are rotatably connected with the cone hopper 1. The third driving mechanism 21 is arranged outside the cone bucket 1, and the output end of the third driving mechanism 21 is connected with one end of a third rotating shaft 22; a plurality of crushing members 23 are fixed to the third rotating shaft 22. Wherein the pieces 23 are of cylindrical, conical or plate-shaped construction. The third driving mechanism 21 may employ a motor.
In a specific embodiment provided by the present invention, referring to fig. 2 and 3, at least one first toothed plate 33 is fixed on the first rotating shaft 32 along the circumferential direction; at least one second toothed plate 43 is fixed on the second rotating shaft 42 along the circumferential direction; the first tooth plates 33 correspond to the second tooth plates 43 one to one, and the first tooth plates 33 are engaged with the corresponding second tooth plates 43. The first toothed plate 33 and the second toothed plate 43 have the effect of meshing and pressing downwards, so that the problems of material accumulation and unsmooth blanking in the dead zone area opposite to the helical blade 9 on the helical conveyor can be solved.
The utility model provides a in a specific embodiment, refer to fig. 1, hopper still includes under the high wet high-viscosity material: a support frame 8; the cone hopper 1 is fixed on a support frame 8. The support frame 8 can be provided with an equipment mounting platform, an escalator and the like according to requirements.
The utility model provides a in a specific embodiment, refer to fig. 1, hopper still includes under the high wet high-viscosity material: a first mounting plate 5 and a second mounting plate 6. The first driving mechanism 31 and the second driving mechanism 41 are fixed outside the cone bucket 1 through the first mounting plate 5; the third driving mechanism 21 is fixed outside the cone bucket 1 through a second mounting plate 6.
The utility model provides a in a specific embodiment, refer to fig. 1, hopper still includes under the high wet high-viscosity material: the top of the material guiding part is opened, and the bottom plate is provided with a groove; the material guide piece 7 is fixed below the discharge opening 12, so that the high-humidity and high-viscosity materials are collected and transported to the next procedure.
The following description is provided in connection with specific data on the working process of the hopper under the high-humidity and high-viscosity material provided by the embodiment of the utility model: referring to fig. 1-3, a high-humidity and high-viscosity material discharging hopper is applied to a drum dryer, and the drum dryer pre-dehydrates the Maotai-flavor bundled vinasse raw materials from 55% of initial moisture content to 50% in a vinasse raw material storage yard, and treats 25 tons per hour. Wherein the feeding of the drum dryer adopts a forklift to feed materials, and a hopper is arranged under high humidity and high viscosity to feed and buffer the materials. The bucket capacity of the cone bucket 1 is 5m3The bucket is 3.5 meters long and 2.5 meters high, the simple platform escalator is arranged outside the bucket, so that a worker can conveniently inspect the bucket, and the power of the stirrer 2 is set to be 22 kw. The high-humidity high-viscosity material enters the cone hopper 1 through the feeding hole 11, and is preliminarily stirred by the stirrer 2 below the feeding hole 11, so that the high-humidity high-viscosity material is prevented from being wetThe high-viscosity material bridges or forms an arch. The power of the first spiral conveyor 3 and the power of the second spiral conveyor 4 are also set to be 22kw respectively, and the shaft diameter is DN 65. The stirrer 2, the first spiral material conveyor 3 and the second spiral material conveyor 4 are controlled by frequency conversion. The high-humidity high-viscosity materials stirred by the stirrer 2 fall on the first spiral material conveyor 3 and the second spiral material conveyor 4 which are arranged in parallel, the first spiral material conveyor 3 and the second spiral material conveyor 4 rotate oppositely, the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are conveyed from two ends of the bottom of the cone hopper 1 to the middle under the drainage action of the first bolt material conveyor and the second spiral material conveyor 4, and the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are discharged from a discharge opening 12 in the center of the bottom and fall into the material guide member 7. This put into use of hopper down, the forklift can be with about 2 tons of high wet high-viscosity materials of a scraper bowl directly unload to hopper down in, hopper force arch breaking down, the ejection of compact is forced to the subtend spiral down, and hopper down has realized the smooth and easy unloading of high wet high-viscosity materials, satisfies the cylinder drying-machine 25 tons of materials requirements per hour, artifical supplementary amount of labour greatly reduced of unloading, economic effect is obvious.
The embodiment of the utility model provides a one or more technical scheme possesses following beneficial effect at least:
the embodiment of the utility model provides a hopper under high wet high-viscosity material, agitator of accessible feed inlet below carry out preliminary stirring to high wet high-viscosity material, prevent high wet high-viscosity material bridging or arching. And the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are conveyed from two ends of the bottom of the cone hopper to the middle under the drainage action of the first bolt conveyor and the second spiral conveyor and are discharged from a discharge opening in the center of the bottom, and the high-humidity high-viscosity materials are always in a movable state, so that the high-humidity high-viscosity materials can be effectively prevented from being extremely arched and bridged in the hopper without discharging.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the examples, those skilled in the art should understand that the technical solutions of the present invention can be modified or replaced by equivalents without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, which should be covered by the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a hopper under high wet high-viscosity material which characterized in that includes: the device comprises a conical hopper, a stirrer, a first spiral material conveyor and a second spiral material conveyor, wherein the top of the conical hopper is provided with a material inlet, and the bottom of the conical hopper is provided with a material outlet;
first spiral feeder includes: a first driving mechanism and a first rotating shaft; the first rotating shaft is arranged below the stirrer inside the conical hopper, and two ends of the first rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper; the first driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the first driving mechanism is connected with one end of the first rotating shaft; a helical blade is fixedly arranged on the first rotating shaft;
the second screw feeder includes: a second driving mechanism and a second rotating shaft rotating opposite to the first rotating shaft; the second rotating shaft is arranged below the stirrer inside the conical hopper, and two ends of the second rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper; the second driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the second driving mechanism is connected with one end of the second rotating shaft; and a helical blade is fixed on the second rotating shaft.
2. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first screw conveyor and the second screw conveyor are disposed on the same horizontal plane.
3. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper according to claim 1, wherein the stirrer comprises: a third driving mechanism and a third rotating shaft;
the third rotating shaft is arranged in the conical hopper, and two ends of the third rotating shaft are rotatably connected with the side wall of the conical hopper;
the third driving mechanism is arranged outside the conical hopper, and the output end of the third driving mechanism is connected with one end of the third rotating shaft;
and a plurality of crushing pieces are fixed on the third rotating shaft.
4. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper according to claim 3, wherein the crushing members are of a round stick, conical or plate-shaped structure.
5. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper according to claim 1, wherein at least one first toothed plate is fixed to the first rotating shaft in the circumferential direction;
at least one second toothed plate is fixed on the second rotating shaft along the circumferential direction;
the first toothed plate and the second toothed plate are in one-to-one correspondence, and the first toothed plate is meshed with the corresponding second toothed plate.
6. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising: a support frame; the cone hopper is fixed on the support frame.
7. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper as claimed in claim 3 or 4, further comprising: a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate;
the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are fixed outside the conical hopper through the first mounting plate; the third driving mechanism is fixed outside the cone hopper through the second mounting plate.
8. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are motors.
9. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the third driving mechanism is a motor.
10. The high-humidity high-viscosity material discharging hopper as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising: the top of the material guiding piece is open, and the bottom plate is provided with a groove; the material guiding piece is fixed below the discharge opening.
CN201920257023.9U 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Hopper under high wet high-viscosity material Active CN210504774U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920257023.9U CN210504774U (en) 2019-02-28 2019-02-28 Hopper under high wet high-viscosity material

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109850593A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 路德环境科技股份有限公司 A kind of viscous material lower hopper of high humidity height
CN114000391A (en) * 2021-12-10 2022-02-01 嘉鹏精工科技(大连)有限公司 Spiral material guiding system for temperature raising device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109850593A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 路德环境科技股份有限公司 A kind of viscous material lower hopper of high humidity height
CN114000391A (en) * 2021-12-10 2022-02-01 嘉鹏精工科技(大连)有限公司 Spiral material guiding system for temperature raising device

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