CN210496550U - Tea seed breaker - Google Patents

Tea seed breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210496550U
CN210496550U CN201921359220.8U CN201921359220U CN210496550U CN 210496550 U CN210496550 U CN 210496550U CN 201921359220 U CN201921359220 U CN 201921359220U CN 210496550 U CN210496550 U CN 210496550U
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China
Prior art keywords
conveying
crushing
feeding
carriage
crushing box
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CN201921359220.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张剑玺
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Dongkou Yifeng Agriculture Forestry And Animal Husbandry Technology Co ltd
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Dongkou Yifeng Agriculture Forestry And Animal Husbandry Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921359220.8U priority Critical patent/CN210496550U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tea seed crushing device, which comprises a crushing box, a material conveying device is arranged in the crushing box in a matching way, the upper end of the crushing box is provided with a cover plate, a pressing cylinder is arranged on the cover plate, a piston rod of the pressing cylinder is connected with a crushing block, the material conveying device comprises a material conveying device and a conveying frame, one end of the conveying frame is correspondingly connected with the material conveying device, the other end penetrates into the crushing box, the conveying frame is provided with a conveying groove, a conveying belt is arranged in the conveying groove, the bottom end of the crushing box is provided with a discharge hole, the outer end of the crushing box is provided with an air suction device, after the tea seeds are conveyed into the crushing box by the matching of the material conveying device and the conveying belt, the tea seeds on the conveying belt are crushed by the matching of the crushing block and the conveying frame, the crushed tea seeds are further conveyed to fall into the lower part of the crushing box, therefore, the crushing rate is improved, and simultaneously, the residue powder can be effectively separated from the seed kernels, so that the quality of the seed kernels is ensured.

Description

Tea seed breaker
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a tea-seed oil processing equipment technical field especially relates to a tea-seed breaker.
Background
The fruit of the camellia oleifera comprises the shell and the seed, wherein the seed comprises the seed shell and the seed kernel, the seed kernel can be used for refining the camellia oil, the economic value is high, the camellia oleifera seed needs to be crushed to obtain the seed kernel before the camellia oleifera seed is subjected to oil extraction in the oil refining process of the camellia oleifera, but the crushing yield of a camellia oleifera seed crusher in the prior art is low, and the crushed residue after the camellia oleifera seed is crushed is easily doped in the seed kernel, so the oil refining quality is directly influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a tea seed breaker, it has can improve the percentage of damage, and can effectually separate garrulous end of residue and seed benevolence to guarantee the characteristics of the quality of seed benevolence.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme can solve:
the utility model provides a tea seed breaker, includes broken case, broken incasement cooperation is equipped with feeding device, broken case upper end is equipped with the apron, be equipped with down the air cylinder on the apron, the piston rod of pushing down the air cylinder is connected with broken briquetting, feeding device includes material feeding unit and carriage, carriage one end corresponds with material feeding unit and is connected, and the other end penetrates broken incasement, the carriage is opened and is equipped with the conveyer trough, be equipped with the conveyer belt through carrying motor drive in the conveyer trough, the discharge gate has been seted up to broken bottom of the case end, broken case outer end is equipped with the device that induced drafts.
Further preferably, the conveyer trough both ends are equipped with driving shaft and driven shaft respectively, and the driving shaft coupling has the conveying motor of connection on the carriage, the conveyer belt is located between driving shaft and the driven shaft, the carriage with the blanking mouth that corresponds to the setting of conveyer belt input is seted up to the one end that broken case is connected, be equipped with in the middle of the conveyer belt connect in the backing plate in the conveyer trough.
Further preferably, the width of the lower part of the crushed briquette is equal to the width of the conveying trough, and the crushed briquette is provided with a plurality of grooves
And baffles for limiting the pressing distance of the crushing pressing block are arranged on two sides of the crushing pressing block and correspond to the conveying frame.
Further preferably, the feeding device comprises a support, a vibration disc is arranged on the support, a feeding motor is arranged at the bottom end of the vibration disc in a matched mode, and a feeding pipe is arranged above the vibration disc and corresponds to the conveying belt.
Further preferably, the discharge gate below is equipped with the sieving mechanism, the sieving mechanism include with the perpendicular screening frame that sets up of carriage, the spout has been seted up to the screening frame inner wall, is equipped with the shale shaker of being connected with the spout cooperation in the middle of the screening frame, screening frame one end is equipped with vibrating motor, be connected through the screw rod between vibrating motor and the screening net.
Further preferably, the feeding device comprises at least two groups of feeding devices and two groups of conveying frames, at least two groups of air suction devices are arranged at the outer end of the crushing box, and one group of air suction devices correspond to one group of feeding devices and one group of conveying frames.
The utility model discloses beneficial effect: the utility model comprises a crushing box, a material conveying device is arranged in the crushing box in a matching way, a cover plate is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box, a pressing cylinder is arranged on the cover plate, a piston rod of the pressing cylinder is connected with a crushing block, the material conveying device comprises a material conveying device and a conveying frame, one end of the conveying frame is correspondingly connected with the material conveying device, the other end penetrates into the crushing box, the conveying frame is provided with a conveying groove, a conveying belt driven by a conveying motor is arranged in the conveying groove, the bottom end of the crushing box is provided with a discharge hole, the outer end of the crushing box is provided with an air suction device, the tea seeds on the conveying belt are crushed through the matching of the material conveying device and the conveying frame after being conveyed, the crushed tea seeds fall into the lower part of the crushing box, and the seed shells and the fine powder residues are sucked out from the crushing box through the air suction device, the seed kernels are discharged from the discharge hole, so that the crushing rate is improved, and the residue powder and the seed kernels can be effectively separated, thereby ensuring the quality of the seed kernels.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of an internal structure of a crushing box according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view of a second embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals
1. A crushing box 2, a cover plate 3, a downward pressing cylinder 4, a crushing pressing plate 5, a turnover conveying frame,
6. a conveying groove 7, a conveying belt 8, a discharge hole 9, an air suction device 10 and a conveying motor,
11. a charging chute, 12, a backing plate, 13, a bracket, 14, a feeding motor, 15 and a vibrating disk,
16. a feeding pipe 17, a screening frame 18, a vibrating screen 19, a vibrating motor 20, a screw rod,
21. and a baffle plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, a tea seed crushing device comprises a crushing box 1, a material conveying device is cooperatively arranged in the crushing box 1, a cover plate 2 is arranged at the upper end of the crushing box 1, a pressing cylinder 3 is arranged on the cover plate 2, a piston rod of the pressing cylinder 3 is connected with a crushing block 4, the material conveying device comprises a material conveying device and a conveying frame 5, one end of the conveying frame 5 is correspondingly connected with the material conveying device, the other end of the conveying frame penetrates into the crushing box 1, the conveying frame 5 is provided with a conveying groove 6, a conveying belt 7 driven by a conveying motor 10 is arranged in the conveying groove 6, a discharge port 8 is arranged at the bottom end of the crushing box 1, an air suction device 9 is arranged at the outer end of the crushing box 1, the air suction device 9 comprises an air suction port, a motor and an air outlet, dust and residue powder can be sucked out, the tea seed crushing device is cooperatively conveyed into the crushing box, broken briquetting 4 and carriage 5 cooperation are broken the tea seed on 7 with the conveyer belt, continue to take broken tea seed to blanking mouth 11 through 7 conveyer belts again, later carry the back and fall into broken case 1 lower part, through induced draft device with seed shell and fine powder residue from broken case 1 internal suction, make the seed benevolence fall out from discharge gate 8, like this when improving the breakage rate, can effectually separate broken end of residue and seed benevolence to guarantee the quality of seed benevolence.
In the embodiment, a driving shaft and a driven shaft are respectively arranged at two ends of a conveying groove 6, the driving shaft is connected with a conveying motor 10 connected to a conveying frame 5 in a shaft coupling mode, a conveying belt 7 is arranged between the driving shaft and the driven shaft, a blanking port 11 arranged corresponding to the input end of the conveying belt 7 is arranged at one end, connected with a crushing box 1, of the conveying frame 5, a base plate 12 connected to the conveying groove 6 is arranged in the middle of the conveying belt 7, a sensing switch connected with the conveying motor 10 is arranged on the base plate 12, when the tea seed crushing device is used, the conveying belt 7 is driven by the conveying motor 10 to convey tea seeds output from a feeding device to the lower portion of a crushing pressing block 4, then the crushing pressing block 4 is driven by a pressing cylinder 3 to crush the tea seeds, and the conveying motor 10 and the conveying belt 7 stop acting after the crushing pressing of the crushing pressing block 4, after the crushed pressing block 4 returns and rises, the conveying motor 10 drives the conveying belt 7 to convey crushed seed shells and seed kernels to the blanking port 11, meanwhile, tea seeds are conveyed to the position below the crushed pressing block 4 continuously, the length of the crushed pressing block 4 is not more than one third of the length of the conveying groove 6, therefore, more tea seeds can be crushed at one time, and meanwhile, the tea seeds are not crushed, the length of the crushed pressing block 4 influences the time of pressing the crushed pressing block 4 at each time, and the crushed pressing is performed once in 5-10 seconds in the embodiment, so that feeding input and output after crushing are improved conveniently.
In this embodiment, the width of the lower portion of the crushed briquette 4 is equal to the width of the conveying trough 6, the two sides of the crushed briquette 4 are provided with the baffle plates 21 for limiting the pressing distance of the crushed briquette 4, the baffle plates 21 are arranged corresponding to the conveying frame 5, and the distance for pressing the lower portion of the crushed briquette 4 into the conveying trough 6 is equal to the distance between the bottom end of the baffle plate 21 and the base plate 12 minus half of the height of the tea seeds, so that the tea seeds can be crushed while the seed kernels are prevented from being crushed.
In this embodiment, the feeding device includes a support 13, the support 13 is provided with a vibration disc 15, the bottom end of the vibration disc 15 is provided with a feeding motor 14 in a matching manner, the vibration disc 15 is provided with a feeding pipe 16 above the conveying belt 7, the feeding motor 14 controls the vibration disc 15 to feed tea seeds onto the conveying belt 7 along the feeding pipe 16, and the width of the feeding pipe 16 is equal to the width of the conveying belt 7.
In the second embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, in the present embodiment, a screening device is arranged below the discharge port 8, the screening device includes a screening frame 17 perpendicular to the conveying frame 5, a chute is formed in an inner wall of the screening frame 17, a vibrating screen 18 cooperatively connected with the chute is arranged in the middle of the screening frame 17, a vibrating motor 19 is arranged at one end of the screening frame 17, the vibrating motor 19 is connected with a screening net through a screw 20, the crushed seed shells and the crushed seed kernels fall onto the vibrating screen 18 through the discharge port 11, the vibrating screen 18 is driven by the vibrating motor 19 to slide in the chute, the crushed residue and the crushed powder are screened and discharged through the discharge port 8, the seed kernels are left on the vibrating screen 18, and the vibrating screen 18 is driven by the vibrating motor 19 to convey the seed kernels to the next process.
In this embodiment, feeding device includes two sets of at least material feeding unit and two sets of carriage 5, broken case 1 outer end is equipped with two sets of at least devices that induced drafts, and a set of device that induced drafts corresponds a set of material feeding unit and a set of carriage 5, and this embodiment sets up two sets of material feeding unit and two sets of carriage 5 simultaneously, and two sets of material feeding unit and two sets of carriage 5 simultaneous workings do not influence each other, can improve work efficiency.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, there are variations on the detailed description and the application scope according to the idea of the present invention, and the content of the description should not be construed as a limitation to the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a tea seed breaker which characterized in that: including broken case, broken incasement cooperation is equipped with feeding device, broken case upper end is equipped with the apron, be equipped with down the air cylinder on the apron, the piston rod of pushing down the air cylinder is connected with broken briquetting, feeding device includes material feeding unit and carriage, carriage one end corresponds with material feeding unit and is connected, and the other end penetrates in broken incasement, the carriage is opened and is equipped with the conveyer trough, be equipped with in the conveyer trough through conveying motor driven conveyer belt, the discharge gate has been seted up to broken bottom of the case end, broken incasement end is equipped with the device that induced drafts.
2. A tea seed crushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the conveying trough both ends are equipped with driving shaft and driven shaft respectively, and the driving shaft coupling has the conveying motor of connection on the carriage, the conveyer belt is located between driving shaft and the driven shaft, the carriage with the blanking mouth that the broken case is connected one end is seted up and is corresponded to the conveyer belt input and set up, be equipped with in the middle of the conveyer belt connect in the backing plate of conveying trough.
3. A tea seed crushing device according to claim 2, wherein: the width of the lower part of the crushing pressing block is equal to that of the conveying groove, baffle plates used for limiting the pressing distance of the crushing pressing block are arranged on two sides of the crushing pressing block, and the baffle plates and the conveying frame are correspondingly arranged.
4. A tea seed crushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the feeding device comprises a support, a vibration disc is arranged on the support, a feeding motor is arranged at the bottom end of the vibration disc in a matched mode, and a feeding pipe is arranged above the conveying belt and corresponds to the vibration disc.
5. A tea seed crushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the discharge gate below is equipped with the sieving mechanism, the sieving mechanism include with the perpendicular screening frame that sets up of carriage, the spout has been seted up to the screening frame inner wall, is equipped with the shale shaker of being connected with the spout cooperation in the middle of the screening frame, screening frame one end is equipped with vibrating motor, be connected through the screw rod between vibrating motor and the screening net.
6. A tea seed crushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the feeding device comprises at least two groups of feeding devices and two groups of conveying frames, at least two groups of air suction devices are arranged at the outer end of the crushing box, and one group of air suction devices correspond to one group of feeding devices and one group of conveying frames.
CN201921359220.8U 2019-08-21 2019-08-21 Tea seed breaker Active CN210496550U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921359220.8U CN210496550U (en) 2019-08-21 2019-08-21 Tea seed breaker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921359220.8U CN210496550U (en) 2019-08-21 2019-08-21 Tea seed breaker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210496550U true CN210496550U (en) 2020-05-12

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ID=70591784

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921359220.8U Active CN210496550U (en) 2019-08-21 2019-08-21 Tea seed breaker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210496550U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295991A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-02-02 李天源 Tomato seed acquisition device for agricultural research

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295991A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-02-02 李天源 Tomato seed acquisition device for agricultural research

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