CN210232177U - Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle - Google Patents

Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210232177U
CN210232177U CN201921309474.9U CN201921309474U CN210232177U CN 210232177 U CN210232177 U CN 210232177U CN 201921309474 U CN201921309474 U CN 201921309474U CN 210232177 U CN210232177 U CN 210232177U
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China
Prior art keywords
fastener nut
dismounting
dismouting
sleeper fastener
control system
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CN201921309474.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Hongbo Zou
邹洪波
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Changsha Hanpeng Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Changsha Hanpeng Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car, include the automobile body and locate the electrical control system of automobile body, the automobile body is equipped with the bogie along length direction's both ends downside, the automobile body is equipped with the track along length direction's middle section downside, the track upside be equipped with the first drive arrangement that electrical control system links to each other, the track downside be equipped with the dismouting mechanism that first drive arrangement links to each other, dismouting mechanism downside is equipped with the impact wrench of liftable. Above-mentioned sleeper fastener nut dismouting car carries out the automation mechanized operation to sleeper fastener nut through dismouting mechanism, has improved the operating efficiency of dismouting nut, has reduced the operating cost of dismouting nut.

Description

Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a mechanical technical field of maintaining the way, in particular to sleeper fastener nut dismouting car.
Background
On a track for running of urban rail vehicles, a steel rail is installed and fixed on the surface of a sleeper through a fastener, and a nut for fastening is screwed on the fastener.
At present, the installation and the dismantlement of sleeper fastener nut adopt artifical mode usually at home and abroad, or further dismantle with the help of small-size machines such as electric spanner manual, and the labour that needs is many, and operating efficiency is extremely low. With the increasing manpower cost and the difficulty in drawing up workers due to high labor intensity, the automation operation has become a development trend.
Therefore, how to provide a sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle capable of solving the problems of low dismounting operation efficiency and high operation cost of the existing sleeper fastener nut and realizing automatic operation is a technical problem which needs to be solved urgently by technical personnel in the field.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car carries out the automation mechanized operation to sleeper fastener nut through dismouting mechanism, has improved the operating efficiency of dismouting nut, has reduced the operating cost of dismouting nut.
In order to realize the above object, the utility model provides a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car, include the automobile body and locate the electrical control system of automobile body, the automobile body is equipped with the bogie along length direction's both ends downside, the automobile body is equipped with the track along length direction's middle section downside, the track upside be equipped with the first drive arrangement that electrical control system links to each other, track downside sliding connection have with the dismouting mechanism that first drive arrangement links to each other, dismouting mechanism downside is equipped with the impact wrench of liftable.
Preferably, two ends of the vehicle body in the length direction are respectively connected with a first cab and a second cab, and the bogie is arranged on the lower sides of the first cab and the second cab.
Preferably, at least one of the bogies is a power bogie.
Preferably, the first cab and the second cab are further provided with an initial positioning image processing system connected with the electrical control system, and the lower side of the dismounting mechanism is further provided with a fine positioning image processing system connected with the electrical control system.
Preferably, the lower side of the dismounting mechanism is provided with two pairs of impact wrenches which are axially symmetrical by taking the length direction of the vehicle body as an axis.
Preferably, the end of the impact wrench is provided with a guide sleeve and an electromagnet.
Preferably, the lower side of the disassembling and assembling mechanism is provided with a stripper plate positioned between the two pairs of impact wrenches and a second driving device which is connected with the electrical control system and used for driving the stripper plate to extend and retract along the width direction of the vehicle body.
Preferably, the second driving device is an oil cylinder or an electric cylinder.
Preferably, the number of the disassembling and assembling mechanisms is a plurality, and a plurality of the disassembling and assembling mechanisms are arranged along the track to realize the operation of respectively and independently disassembling and assembling the nut.
Preferably, still including locating the automobile body, with driving system and the braking system that electrical control system links to each other, driving system includes diesel generating set and/or contact net electricity-taking unit.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car includes the automobile body and locates the electrical control system of automobile body, along the length direction of automobile body, be equipped with the bogie at the automobile body both ends downside, along the length direction of automobile body, be equipped with the track at automobile body middle section downside, the track upside is equipped with the first drive arrangement who links to each other with electrical control system, the track downside is equipped with the dismouting mechanism with track sliding connection, dismouting mechanism links to each other with first drive arrangement, dismouting mechanism downside is equipped with the impact wrench of liftable, this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car passes through the automobile body in order to realize the setting of corresponding component, through the bogie in order to realize the motion of automobile body at ground rail, through the track in order to realize the motion of dismouting mechanism, through the drive of first drive arrangement in order to realize the motion of dismouting control mechanism and then control impact wrench to move to the top of sleeper fastener nut through electrical control system, through strikeing the spanner in order to realize the wrong installation of twisting of sleeper fastener nut or twist soon the dismantlement, in the operation process of this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car, the first drive arrangement drive dismouting mechanism of electrical control system control is along orbital motion, and then control impact spanner is located the top of treating the sleeper fastener nut of dismouting, impact spanner descends after aiming at sleeper fastener nut, and then rotatory realization is twisted the installation or is twisted the dismantlement soon, to sum up, carry out the automation mechanized operation to sleeper fastener nut through dismouting mechanism, the operating efficiency of dismouting nut has been improved, the operating cost of dismouting nut has been reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle provided by an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the dismounting mechanism in fig. 1.
Wherein:
the method comprises the following steps of 1-primary positioning image processing system, 2-bogie, 3-first cab, 4-vehicle body, 5-fine positioning image processing system, 6-dismounting mechanism, 7-gauge adjusting mechanism, 8-impact wrench, 9-rail, 10-first driving device, 11-second cab, 12-power system, 13-braking system, 14-electric control system, 15-second driving device, 16-stripper plate and 17-electromagnet.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to make the technical field of the present invention better understand, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, wherein fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention, and fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a dismounting mechanism in fig. 1.
In a first specific embodiment, the utility model provides a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car includes automobile body 4 and locates automobile body 4's electrical control system 14, wherein, along automobile body 4's length direction, be equipped with bogie 2 at automobile body 4's both ends downside, along automobile body 4's length direction, be equipped with track 9 at automobile body 4's middle section downside, track 9 upside is equipped with the first drive arrangement 10 of being connected with electrical control system 14, track 9 downside is equipped with dismouting mechanism 6 of being connected with first drive arrangement 10, dismouting mechanism 6 downside is equipped with impact wrench 8, impact wrench 8 vertical lift of dismouting mechanism 6 relatively.
In the embodiment, the vehicle body 4 moves on a ground rail through the bogie 2, the electric control system 14 controls the first driving device 10, the first driving device 10 drives the disassembling and assembling mechanism 6 under the control of the electric control system 14, the disassembling and assembling mechanism 6 moves along the rail 9 to be above a sleeper fastener nut under the drive of the first driving device 10, the impact wrench 8 is aligned with the nut and then descends, and the rotation is realized for disassembling and assembling.
Compare in current artifical dismouting, this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car carries out automated operation to sleeper fastener nut through dismouting mechanism 6, has improved the operating efficiency of dismouting nut, has reduced the operating cost of dismouting nut.
Illustratively, the first driving device 10 may be an electric or pneumatic cylinder to drive the disassembly and assembly mechanism 6 along the rail 9, and the disassembly and assembly mechanism 6 may also be an electric or pneumatic cylinder to drive the vertical lifting and lowering of the impact wrench 8. In addition, the impact wrench 8 is a pneumatic impact wrench, and is rotated in a pneumatic driving manner, thereby realizing the rotational attachment and detachment of the nut. It should be noted that the impact wrench 8 does not belong to the core improvement point of the present invention, please refer to the prior art, and will not be described herein again.
In addition, the vehicle further includes a power system 12 and a brake system 13 provided in the vehicle body 4 and connected to an electric control system 14, respectively. In the embodiment, the electric control system 14 controls the braking system 12 to drive the vehicle body 4 to move on the ground rail, and the electric control system 14 controls the braking system 13 to realize braking of the vehicle body 4 on the ground rail.
For example, the power system 12 may be a diesel generator set that generates power by using diesel oil, a catenary power supply unit that supplies power by using a catenary, or a dual power mode that combines diesel oil power generation and catenary power supply. It should be noted that diesel generating set does not belong to the core improvement point of the utility model with the electric unit of contact net, please refer to prior art, no longer give consideration to here.
For better technical effect, the two ends of the vehicle body 4 are respectively connected with the first cab 3 and the second cab 11 along the length direction of the vehicle body 4, and the lower sides of the first cab 3 and the second cab 11 are respectively provided with a bogie 2.
In this embodiment, the power system 12 drives the vehicle body 4 to move on the ground rail, so that the forward movement of the vehicle body 4 can be realized, and the reverse movement of the vehicle body 4 can also be realized. When the vehicle body 4 moves in the forward direction, the first cab 3 is positioned at the head end of the vehicle body 4 and the second cab 11 is positioned at the tail end of the vehicle body 4 by taking the moving direction of the vehicle body 4 as a reference; when the vehicle body 4 moves in the reverse direction, the first cab 3 is located at the tail end of the vehicle body 4, and the second cab 11 is located at the head end of the vehicle body 4. Under the two-way motion, this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car has the two-way operation function, and when the operation of trading the rail, this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car forward motion was in order to accomplish the dismantlement of old fastener nut before the trade rail, and this sleeper fastener nut dismouting car reverse motion is in order to accomplish the screwing up of new fastener nut after trading the rail.
For better technical results, at least one bogie 2 is a power bogie. In this embodiment, the bogie 2 under the first cab 3 and/or the second cab 11 is a power bogie provided with a traction motor so that the sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle has walking power. The power bogie can be driven by a hydraulic motor besides an electric motor. It should be noted that the power bogie does not belong to the core improvement of the present invention, please refer to the prior art, and the details are not repeated herein.
For better technical effect, the lower sides of the first cab 3 and the second cab 11 are further provided with a primary positioning image processing system 1 connected with an electrical control system 14, and the lower side of the dismounting mechanism 6 is further provided with a fine positioning image processing system 5 connected with the electrical control system 14. In this embodiment, the primary positioning image processing system 1 initially positions the position of the sleeper fastener nut, the electrical control system 14 coarsely adjusts to control the disassembly and assembly mechanism 6 to move to the primary position, and the fine positioning image processing system 5 precisely positions the position of the sleeper fastener nut, further finely adjusts, and achieves alignment of the impact wrench 8 with the sleeper fastener nut.
Specifically, the primary positioning image processing system 1 is disposed at the lower side of each of the first cab 3 and the second cab 11, that is, the primary positioning image processing system 1 is located at the head end and the tail end of the vehicle body 4. Because the vehicle may move to the curved rail, the displacement of each position is different, the primary positioning image processing system 1 can only perform primary positioning and cannot be used for accurate positioning of dismounting, the primary positioning image processing system 1 at the head end of the vehicle body 4 scans the two sides of the rail below the vehicle body 4 by taking the movement direction of the vehicle body 4 as a reference, the approximate position of the sleeper bolt is transmitted to the electrical control system 14, the electrical control system 14 controls the dismounting mechanism 6 to move to the vicinity of the sleeper bolt, the accurate positioning image processing system 5 at the lower side of the dismounting mechanism 6 is used for accurately positioning the sleeper bolt, the nut is coaxial with the bolt, and the positioning of the nut of the sleeper fastener is further realized. This sleeper fastener nut dismouting car has used image processing technique cooperation dismouting operation, has improved the intelligent degree of vehicle.
In another specific embodiment, the number of the disassembling and assembling mechanisms 6 is plural, and plural disassembling and assembling mechanisms 6 are arranged along the rail 9 to respectively perform the disassembling and assembling work of the nut individually.
In this embodiment, no matter the automobile body 4 moves in the forward direction or the reverse direction, the primary positioning image processing system 1 at the head end of the automobile body 4 scans the two sides of the steel rail below the automobile body 4, the approximate positions of a plurality of sleeper bolts are transmitted to the electrical control system 14, the electrical control system 14 intelligently divides the work, the electrical control system 14 controls a plurality of dismounting mechanisms 6 to move to the positions near the sleeper bolts corresponding to the positions, the accurate positioning is carried out on the sleeper bolts corresponding to the positions by the fine positioning image processing system 5 on the lower side of the plurality of dismounting mechanisms 6, the center of the sleeper bolts is found out, the nuts are coaxial with the bolts, and the positioning of a plurality of sleeper fastener nuts is realized. Further, the electric control system 14 controls the impact wrench 8 of the dismounting mechanism 6 to reach above the sleeper bolt, and the front end of the impact wrench 8 is provided with a guide sleeve which can guide a nut into the guide sleeve so as to overcome a tiny positioning error to finish operation.
In addition, the mechanism 6 of the sleeper fastener nut remover has two modes of operation. In the first mode, the dismounting mechanism 6 advances along with the vehicle body 4, the vehicle body 4 stops when the dismounting mechanism 6 advances for a certain distance, the dismounting mechanism 6 starts to operate at the lower side of the vehicle body 4, each dismounting mechanism 6 is responsible for dismounting operation within a certain range, and after each dismounting mechanism 6 finishes the operation, the vehicle body 4 continues to advance to finish an operation cycle. In the second mode, the vehicle body 4 advances at a constant speed all the time, the dismounting mechanism 6 is static relative to the ground and works at the lower side of the vehicle body 4, a certain distance is reserved between the dismounting mechanism 6 at the tail end of the vehicle body 4 and the bogie 2 at the tail end, when the bogie 2 is close to the dismounting mechanism 6, the dismounting mechanism 6 just completes dismounting and mounting operations, at the moment, the dismounting mechanism 6 rapidly advances on the track 9 through the first driving device 10 at a large acceleration, and when the vehicle advances to a certain distance, the vehicle starts to operate again, and an operation cycle is completed.
In this embodiment, two pairs of impact wrenches 8 are provided on the lower side of the attaching and detaching mechanism 6 so as to be axisymmetrical with respect to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body 4, in other words, four impact wrenches 8 are provided on the lower side of the attaching and detaching mechanism 6, and the attaching and detaching operation is performed on two sets of nuts on both sides of the rail. Similarly, the present invention is applicable to different numbers of three pairs of six, four pairs of eight, etc., and shall also fall within the scope of the present embodiment.
For better technical effect, the end of the impact wrench 8 is further provided with an electromagnet 17, and the electromagnet 17 is electrified to adsorb the old fastener after the nut is disassembled.
For better technical effect, the lower side of the disassembling and assembling mechanism 6 is provided with a stripper plate 16 between the two pairs of impact wrenches 8 and a second driving device 15 for driving the stripper plate 16 to extend and retract along the width direction of the vehicle body 4, and the second driving device 15 is connected with an electric control system 14.
The second drive means 15 is, for example, a hydraulically driven cylinder or an electrically driven cylinder.
In this embodiment, the old fastener can be placed in the middle of the line automatically by magnetic force or other means when the disassembly operation is performed. Particularly, after the nut has been dismantled, 8 front end electro-magnet 17 of impact wrench are circular telegram, magnetic force adsorbs the iron fastener, rise along with impact wrench 8 with the iron fastener, rise to the certain distance after, drive stripper 16 through second drive arrangement 15 below and stretch out impact wrench 8 lower part, electro-magnet 17 loses the electricity this moment, the iron fastener drops on stripper 16, second drive arrangement 15 drives stripper 16 and withdraws, stripper 16 removes to the centre, place the fastener in the middle of the circuit, convenient follow-up receipts material work.
During the installation operation, the flow of the disassembly operation is just opposite, and the description is omitted here. In order to ensure that the track gauge is accurate before the nut is screwed down, a track gauge adjusting mechanism 7 is added in a certain distance range, and the track gauge adjusting mechanism 7 transversely adjusts the steel rail and then places the steel rail at an accurate position according to a calculation result of the fine positioning image processing system 5, so that the accurate positioning of the nut is further ensured.
It is noted that, in this specification, relational terms such as first and second, and the like are used solely to distinguish one entity from another entity without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities.
It is right above the utility model provides a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car has carried out detailed introduction. The principles and embodiments of the present invention have been explained herein using specific examples, and the above descriptions of the embodiments are only used to help understand the method and its core ideas of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, the present invention can be further modified and modified, and such modifications and modifications also fall within the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sleeper fastener nut dismouting car, its characterized in that includes automobile body (4) and locates electrical control system (14) of automobile body (4), automobile body (4) are equipped with bogie (2) along length direction's both ends downside, automobile body (4) are equipped with track (9) along length direction's middle section downside, track (9) upside be equipped with first drive arrangement (10) that electrical control system (14) link to each other, track (9) downside sliding connection have with dismouting mechanism (6) that first drive arrangement (10) link to each other, dismouting mechanism (6) downside is equipped with impact wrench (8) of liftable.
2. The sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that both ends of the vehicle body (4) in the length direction are respectively connected with a first cab (3) and a second cab (11), and the bogie (2) is provided under the first cab (3) and the second cab (11).
3. A sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 2, characterized in that at least one of said bogies (2) is a power bogie.
4. The sleeper fastener nut disassembly and assembly vehicle of claim 2, characterized in that the first cab (3) and the second cab (11) are also provided on the lower side with a primary positioning image processing system (1) connected to the electrical control system (14), and the disassembly and assembly mechanism (6) is also provided on the lower side with a fine positioning image processing system (5) connected to the electrical control system (14).
5. Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the dismounting mechanism (6) is provided with two pairs of said impact wrenches (8) on its underside, axisymmetrically with respect to the length direction of the car body (4).
6. Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 5, characterized in that the impact wrench (8) is provided with a guide sleeve and an electromagnet (17) at its end.
7. The sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 5, characterized in that the dismounting mechanism (6) is provided at its lower side with a stripper plate (16) between two pairs of said impact wrenches (8) and a second driving means (15) connected to the electrical control system (14) for driving the stripper plate (16) to extend and retract in the width direction of the vehicle body (4).
8. A sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to claim 7, characterized in that said second driving means (15) is a hydraulic or electric cylinder.
9. Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the number of dismounting and mounting means (6) is plural, a plurality of dismounting and mounting means (6) being arranged along the rail (9) to enable separate dismounting and mounting operations of nuts, respectively.
10. The sleeper fastener nut disassembly and assembly vehicle of any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising a power system (12) and a braking system (13) which are arranged on the vehicle body (4) and connected with the electrical control system (14), wherein the power system (12) comprises a diesel generator set and/or a catenary power supply unit.
CN201921309474.9U 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle Active CN210232177U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921309474.9U CN210232177U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921309474.9U CN210232177U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210232177U true CN210232177U (en) 2020-04-03

Family

ID=69965151

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921309474.9U Active CN210232177U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Sleeper fastener nut dismounting vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210232177U (en)

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