CN210224183U - Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same - Google Patents

Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN210224183U
CN210224183U CN201921290122.3U CN201921290122U CN210224183U CN 210224183 U CN210224183 U CN 210224183U CN 201921290122 U CN201921290122 U CN 201921290122U CN 210224183 U CN210224183 U CN 210224183U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
fuel cell
radiator
compressor
controller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201921290122.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Rui Wang
王瑞
Jia Deng
邓佳
Xiaoqing Liu
刘小青
Yongfu Zhao
赵勇富
Hua Liu
刘华
Yong Li
李勇
Yong Yi
易勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhongshan Broad Ocean Motor Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhongshan Broad Ocean Motor Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhongshan Broad Ocean Motor Co Ltd filed Critical Zhongshan Broad Ocean Motor Co Ltd
Priority to CN201921290122.3U priority Critical patent/CN210224183U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210224183U publication Critical patent/CN210224183U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/40Application of hydrogen technology to transportation, e.g. using fuel cells

Abstract

The utility model discloses a fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system of using thereof, fuel cell air supply system include air compressor, air cleaner and air compressor controller, its characterized in that: the dust collecting box is provided with an air inlet, air enters the dust collecting box from the air inlet and then flows out from an air outlet after being filtered by an air filter, the air outlet is connected with an air inlet of an air compressor through a pipeline, the middle part of the pipeline is provided with an air mass flow meter, and the air compressor, an air compressor controller, the air filter and the dust collecting box are arranged on a bottom plate; the fuel cell air supply system is highly integrated and compact in size, reduces the pressure drop of air before entering the stack, increases the adjustable range of air pressure, simplifies the layout of the air pipeline of the whole vehicle, and simultaneously takes air filtration into consideration; the air mass flow meter can monitor the air flow in real time, and can conveniently feed back the air flow to the fuel cell system at any time for relevant control and adjustment.

Description

Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to a fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system of using thereof.
Background art:
the fuel cell system realizes power output, needs hydrogen and oxygen to carry out electrochemical reaction, and releases electric energy and heat energy. The fuel cell system for a vehicle includes a fuel cell air supply system, a fuel cell module assembly, and a DCDC module that supplies power to the fuel cell module assembly, the fuel cell air supply system supplying sufficient air to the fuel cell module assembly to chemically react oxygen in the air with hydrogen in the fuel cell module assembly.
In the existing air supply scheme of the vehicle fuel cell system, due to the split layout mode, the difficulty in layout of cooling liquid, air pipelines and wiring harnesses can be caused, and meanwhile, the complexity of a fixing structure of a chassis of the whole vehicle is increased for assisting the layout of related pipelines and wiring harnesses, so that the difficulty of integration of the fuel cell system and the whole vehicle is increased, and the material cost and the labor cost are increased. Meanwhile, the complicated layout design of the air pipeline can cause larger air pressure drop, and extra noise can be generated when the air pressure drop is serious; meanwhile, the outlet pressure of the air compressor has higher requirement, the pressure ratio requirement of the air compressor is increased, and the technical difficulty of the air compressor is increased.
The utility model has the following contents:
the utility model aims at providing a fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system who uses thereof can reach high integration, compromise filtration's function simultaneously.
The purpose of the utility model is realized by the following technical scheme.
A first object of the present invention is to provide a fuel cell air supply system, including an air compressor, an air filter, and an air compressor controller, characterized in that: the dust collection box is provided with an air inlet, air enters the dust collection box through the air inlet and then enters the air filter, the air flows out of the air outlet after being filtered by the air filter, the air compressor is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, the air outlet is connected with the air inlet through a pipeline, the air mass flow meter is arranged in the middle of the pipeline and used for detecting the air flow, and the air compressor, the air compressor controller, the air filter and the dust collection box are arranged on a bottom plate.
The bottom of the dust collecting box is provided with a dust collecting nozzle, the air filter, the dust collecting box and the dust collecting nozzle are installed into a whole through a bracket, and the bracket is installed on the bottom plate.
The air compressor controller, the air filter and the dust collection box are arranged on the right side of the air compressor, and the air filter and the dust collection box are respectively positioned behind the air compressor controller.
The air compressor comprises a pump head, a motor and a compressor radiator, wherein the motor drives the pump head to work, the compressor radiator radiates heat for the pump head and the motor, and the compressor radiator is provided with a liquid inlet and a liquid outlet.
The air compressor controller comprises a controller radiator and a controller body, the controller radiator is used for radiating heat of the controller body, the controller radiator is provided with a cooling liquid inlet and a cooling liquid outlet, the controller body is provided with a communication connector, an external direct current input port and an air compressor three-phase electric input port, and the compressor radiator and the controller radiator are communicated through a radiating pipeline and form an air supply system radiator.
The cooling liquid outlet is communicated with the liquid inlet through a heat dissipation pipeline, and the two ends of the air supply system radiator are provided with a cooling liquid inlet and a liquid outlet.
And a silencer is mounted and integrated between the pipeline and an air inlet of the air compressor.
And the air exhaust port of the air compressor is provided with a temperature sensor.
A second object of the present invention is to provide a fuel cell system, including a fuel cell air supply system, a fuel cell module assembly and a DCDC module, characterized in that: the fuel cell air supply system is the fuel cell air supply system described in the first embodiment, and the air outlet of the air compressor is communicated with the air inlet of the fuel cell module assembly.
The fuel cell air supply system comprises an air supply system radiator, the DCDC module is provided with a DCDC radiator, and the air supply system radiator is connected with the DCDC radiator in parallel.
The air supply system radiator is provided with a cooling liquid inlet and a liquid outlet, the DCDC radiator is provided with a liquid inlet and a liquid outlet, the cooling liquid inlet is communicated with the liquid inlet, and the liquid outlet is communicated with the liquid outlet.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, following effect has:
1) the fuel cell air supply system includes an air compressor, an air filter, and an air compressor controller, characterized in that: the dust collection box is provided with an air inlet, air enters the dust collection box through the air inlet and then enters the air filter, the air flows out of the air outlet after being filtered by the air filter, the air compressor is provided with an air inlet and an air outlet, the air outlet is connected with the air inlet through a pipeline, the air mass flowmeter is arranged in the middle of the pipeline to detect the air flow, and the air compressor, the air compressor controller, the air filter and the dust collection box are arranged on a bottom plate; the fuel cell air supply system is highly integrated and compact in size, reduces the pressure drop of air before entering the stack, increases the adjustable range of air pressure, simplifies the layout of the air pipeline of the whole vehicle, and simultaneously takes air filtration into consideration; the air mass flow meter can monitor the air flow in real time and conveniently feed back to the fuel cell system at any time for relevant control and adjustment;
2) other advantages of the present invention will be described in detail in the examples section.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a perspective view of a fuel cell air supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of an angle of the fuel cell air supply system;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of another perspective of the fuel cell air supply system;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an air compressor in the fuel cell air supply system
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an air compressor controller in the fuel cell air supply system
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a change of a normal state of a dust nozzle and an opened duck bill in the air supply system of the fuel cell;
fig. 7 is a block diagram of a fuel cell system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following detailed description of preferred embodiments and accompanying drawings.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 6, the present embodiment provides a fuel cell air supply system including an air compressor 1, an air filter 2, and an air compressor controller 3, characterized in that: the dust collection box 4 is provided with an air inlet 41, air enters the dust collection box 4 through the air inlet 41 and then enters the air filter 2, the air flows out of the air outlet 22 after being filtered by the air filter 2, the air compressor 1 is provided with an air inlet 11 and an air outlet 12, the air outlet 22 is connected with the air inlet 11 through a pipeline 52, the air mass flow meter 51 is installed in the middle of the pipeline 52 to detect the air flow, and the air compressor 1, the air compressor controller 3, the air filter 2 and the dust collection box 4 are installed on a bottom plate 62. The fuel cell air supply system is highly integrated, the size is simplified, the pressure drop of air before entering the stack is reduced, the adjustable range of air pressure is increased, and air filtration is also considered; the air mass flow meter 51 can monitor the air flow in real time, and can conveniently feed back the air flow to the fuel cell system at any time for relevant control and adjustment.
The dust collecting nozzle 42 is installed at the bottom of the dust collecting box 4, the air filter 2, the dust collecting box 4 and the dust collecting nozzle 42 are installed as a whole through a bracket 61, and the bracket 61 is installed on a bottom plate 62. As shown in fig. 6, after the air enters through the dust collecting box 4, most of the dust in the air will be collected in the dust collecting nozzle 42 due to the action of the air filter 2 and gravity, and only the cylindrical portion 421 of the dust collecting nozzle 42 needs to be pressed, the duckbill 422 portion at the tail end will be opened, the dust will be discharged out of the system component through the opened duckbill 422, the pressing stress is removed, and the duckbill 422 will automatically return to the closed state. The trouble of disassembly caused by long-term replacement of the dust removal component due to dust removal is avoided, and the cost for replacing the dust removal equipment is saved.
The air compressor controller 3, the air filter 2 and the dust collecting box 4 are installed on the right side of the air compressor 1, and the air filter 2 and the dust collecting box 4 are respectively located behind the air compressor controller 3. Reasonable layout and space saving.
The air compressor 1 comprises a pump head 13, a motor 14 and a compressor radiator, wherein the motor 14 controls the drive of the pump head 13, the compressor radiator radiates heat between the pump head 13 and the motor 14, and the compressor radiator is provided with a liquid inlet 16 and a liquid outlet 17.
The air compressor controller 3 comprises a controller radiator and a controller body, the controller radiator is used for radiating heat of the controller body, the controller radiator is provided with a cooling liquid inlet 33 and a cooling liquid outlet 34, the controller body is provided with a communication connector 35, an external direct current input port 36 and an air compressor three-phase electric input port 37, and the compressor radiator and the controller radiator are communicated through a radiating pipeline 53 to form an air supply system radiator. The cooling pipeline of the gas supply system is integrated in the system, so that the connection of the cooling liquid pipeline is simplified.
The cooling liquid outlet 34 is communicated with the liquid inlet 16 through a heat dissipation pipeline 53, and the two ends of the air supply system radiator are provided with a cooling liquid inlet 33 and a liquid outlet 17.
Between the above-mentioned pipe 52 and the air intake 11 of the air compressor 1, a silencer 15 is installed integrally.
The air outlet 12 of the air compressor 1 is provided with a temperature sensor.
Example two:
as shown in fig. 7, the present embodiment provides a fuel cell system including a fuel cell air supply system 100, a fuel cell module assembly 7, and a DCDC module 8, characterized in that: the fuel cell air supply system 100 is the fuel cell air supply system described in the first embodiment, and the air outlet 12 of the air compressor 1 communicates with the air inlet 71 of the fuel cell module assembly 7. Through improving the structure of fuel cell air supply system 100, the whole vehicle air pipeline layout has been simplified, the space occupancy has been reduced in the car, has promoted system stability, and later maintenance is also very convenient simultaneously.
The fuel cell air supply system 100 described above includes an air supply system radiator, and the DCDC module 8 is provided with a DCDC radiator connected in parallel with the air supply system radiator.
The air supply system radiator is provided with a cooling liquid inlet 33 and a liquid discharge port 17, the DCDC radiator is provided with a liquid inlet 81 and a liquid outlet 82, the cooling liquid inlet 33 is communicated with the liquid inlet 81, and the liquid discharge port 17 is communicated with the liquid outlet 82.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto, and any other changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, and simplifications made without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention are equivalent replacement modes, and are all included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. A fuel cell air supply system comprising an air compressor (1), an air filter (2), and an air compressor controller (3), characterized in that: the dust collection box is characterized by further comprising a dust collection box (4) and an air mass flow meter (51), an air inlet (41) is formed in the dust collection box (4), air enters the dust collection box (4) through the air inlet (41) and then enters the air filter (2), the air flows out of the air outlet (22) after being filtered by the air filter (2), the air compressor (1) is provided with an air inlet (11) and an air outlet (12), the air outlet (22) is connected with the air inlet (11) through a pipeline (52), the air mass flow meter (51) is installed in the middle of the pipeline (52) to detect the air flow, and the air compressor (1), the air compressor controller (3), the air filter (2) and the dust collection box (4) are installed on a bottom plate (62).
2. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the dust collection box (4) is provided with a dust collection nozzle (42), the air filter (2), the dust collection box (4) and the dust collection nozzle (42) are arranged into a whole through a support (61), and the support (61) is arranged on a bottom plate (62).
3. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 2, wherein: the air compressor is characterized in that the air compressor controller (3), the air filter (2) and the dust collection box (4) are installed on the right side of the air compressor (1), and the air filter (2) and the dust collection box (4) are located behind the air compressor controller (3) respectively.
4. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that: air compressor (1) contains pump head (13), motor (14) and compressor radiator, and motor (14) drive pump head (13) work, and the compressor radiator dispels the heat for pump head (13) and motor (14), and the compressor radiator is equipped with inlet (16) and leakage fluid dram (17).
5. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 4, wherein: air compressor controller (3) contain controller radiator and controller body (31), and the controller radiator is the controller body (31) heat dissipation, and the controller radiator is equipped with coolant liquid entry (33) and coolant liquid export (34), and controller body (31) are equipped with communication joint (35), outside direct current input port (36) and air compressor machine three-phase electricity input port (37), and compressor radiator and controller radiator pass through heat dissipation pipeline (53) intercommunication and form the air supply system radiator.
6. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 5, wherein: the cooling liquid outlet (34) is communicated with the liquid inlet (16) through a heat dissipation pipeline (53), and a cooling liquid inlet (33) and a liquid outlet (17) are arranged at two ends of the air supply system radiator.
7. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 2, wherein: an integrated silencer (15) is mounted between the duct (52) and the air inlet (11) of the air compressor (1).
8. A fuel cell air supply system according to claim 7, wherein: and a temperature sensor is arranged at an air exhaust port (12) of the air compressor (1).
9. A fuel cell system comprising a fuel cell air supply system (100), a fuel cell module assembly (7) and a DCDC module (8), characterized in that: the fuel cell air supply system (100) is according to any one of claims 1 to 8, the air outlet (12) of the air compressor (1) communicating with the air inlet (71) of the fuel cell module assembly (7).
10. A fuel cell system according to claim 9, wherein: the fuel cell air supply system (100) comprises an air supply system radiator, and the DCDC module (8) is provided with a DCDC radiator, and the air supply system radiator is connected with the DCDC radiator in parallel.
11. A fuel cell system according to claim 9, wherein: the air supply system radiator is provided with a cooling liquid inlet (33) and a liquid discharging port (17), the DCDC radiator is provided with a liquid inlet (81) and a liquid outlet (82), the cooling liquid inlet (33) is communicated with the liquid inlet (81), and the liquid discharging port (17) is communicated with the liquid outlet (82).
CN201921290122.3U 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same Active CN210224183U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921290122.3U CN210224183U (en) 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921290122.3U CN210224183U (en) 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210224183U true CN210224183U (en) 2020-03-31

Family

ID=69919610

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921290122.3U Active CN210224183U (en) 2019-08-10 2019-08-10 Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210224183U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112635807A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 电子科技大学 Vehicle proton exchange membrane fuel cell engine integrated device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112635807A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-04-09 电子科技大学 Vehicle proton exchange membrane fuel cell engine integrated device
CN112635807B (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-09-24 电子科技大学 Vehicle proton exchange membrane fuel cell engine integrated device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100588013C (en) Separatable fuel cell power unit for vehicle
CN210224183U (en) Fuel cell air supply system and fuel cell system applying same
CN211062794U (en) Fuel cell hydrogen supply and return ejector device and fuel cell system
CN208580807U (en) Integrated fuel cell electricity generation system and device
CN202686356U (en) Oil-electricity combined power automobile and power battery temperature control system thereof
CN207879509U (en) A kind of hydraulic pressure power takeoff generation unit device
CN211238401U (en) Fuel cell engine and fuel cell vehicle
CN209312915U (en) A kind of fuel cell and new-energy automobile
CN201020037Y (en) Integration type highly effective tablet-coating machine
CN110311153A (en) A kind of fuel cell pack multi-functional end plate and its working method
CN209888667U (en) Integrated fuel cell power generation system and electric vehicle using same
CN211139045U (en) Fuel cell engine
CN214226964U (en) Integrated fuel cell engine system
CN214099656U (en) Intercooling and humidifying integrated module and fuel cell system
CN213063794U (en) Air inlet device of long-head vehicle
CN210829543U (en) Desert air filter assembly with cooling function
CN210224190U (en) Vehicle driven by fuel cell power system
CN113047946A (en) Automobile power device and automobile
CN209426612U (en) Automotive fuel cell cooling system and integral new-energy passenger
CN214170765U (en) Auxiliary compressor device
CN212209666U (en) Fuel cell air intake system
CN213845357U (en) Cooling system of power battery for vehicle
CN207403543U (en) Battery pack, lower body component and vehicle
CN209557144U (en) A kind of fuel filter assembly
CN110380095A (en) Integrated fuel cell electricity generation system and device and its configuration method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant