CN210207124U - Soil screen filter - Google Patents

Soil screen filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210207124U
CN210207124U CN201921068102.1U CN201921068102U CN210207124U CN 210207124 U CN210207124 U CN 210207124U CN 201921068102 U CN201921068102 U CN 201921068102U CN 210207124 U CN210207124 U CN 210207124U
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China
Prior art keywords
screening
soil
box
screening box
placement
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Active
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CN201921068102.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Bin Xue
薛斌
honghua Ruan
阮宏华
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Nanjing Forestry University
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Nanjing Forestry University
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Priority to CN201921068102.1U priority Critical patent/CN210207124U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil sieve filter, be the screening case that the upper end opening set up including one, the upper end opening part of screening case is provided with a removal crushing mechanism, be provided with an actuating mechanism on the inside corresponding removal crushing mechanism's of screening case the position, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, the stick that breaks ground can break into a plurality of little solid with big piece soil solid, then hit the breakage with little solid particle through the rhombus post on the mounting panel below, can not smash hard materials such as shell, stone, guaranteed to the utmost that the powder that dress soil box collected all is soil powder; more soil samples can be processed simultaneously, and the experimental efficiency is improved; the required power of the motor is not high, so that the potential safety hazard is reduced; the generated noise is low, and the noise pollution is reduced; the processed soil can directly pass through a screening net with a specified mesh number, manual secondary screening processing is not needed in the future, and the workload of scientific researchers is reduced.

Description

Soil screen filter
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, in particular to soil sieve filter belongs to soil crushing treatment technical field in earlier stage.
Background
At present, in soil quality evaluation, soil productivity improvement in agriculture and forestry, and scientific research on geological transition and the like, soil in a block or solid state is required to be crushed into a powder state with the same size according to experimental requirements in an early stage so as to be dissolved in liquid or used for detection of other experimental equipment in a later stage, but the existing crusher mainly belongs to extensive crushing and mainly has the following defects that ①, whatever soil is doped with substances, can be ground into fine powder, so that a large error is caused for soil detection in the later stage, for example, seaside soil is mixed with shell substances, the substances can be firmly wrapped in the soil after the soil is dried in the sun, the substances are difficult to separate artificially, so that the substances are ground into powder together with the soil, Ca elements in soil chemical elements are inevitably increased, small broken stones in agriculture and forestry soil are easy to be ground into powder together with soil blocks, mineral elements in the soil are increased, ②, the existing crusher can crush less soil at one time, so that soil treatment efficiency is low, a plurality of portable type ③, a plurality of portable noise is easily generated, and the existing crusher is easy to cause dust pollution to cause a plurality of soil research workers due to the possibility of dust pollution caused by a plurality of the existing crusher, and the existing crusher, so that the research of the dust pollution caused by a plurality of the existing crusher is easily caused by a large amount of a large amount.
Disclosure of Invention
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to overcome prior art's defect, provide a soil sieve filter to solve the problem of mentioning in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, be the screening case that the upper end opening set up including one, the upper end opening part of screening case is provided with a removal crushing mechanism, be provided with a actuating mechanism on the inside corresponding position of removing crushing mechanism of screening case, be located the screening incasement portion that removes crushing mechanism below position has set gradually two and has placed the mechanism, is located the below position be provided with a screening mechanism in the placing mechanism, be located the screening incasement portion of screening mechanism below position is provided with a receiving mechanism.
As a preferred technical proposal of the utility model, the mobile crushing mechanism comprises two chutes which are symmetrically arranged, the two chutes are symmetrically arranged on the relative inner box wall of the screening box near the opening at the upper end, a slide block is connected in the two chutes in a sliding way, one end of each of the two slide blocks passes through the notch of the corresponding chute and extends into the screening box, a rotating rod is connected between the relative side walls of the two slide blocks in the screening box through a first bearing, the both ends of dwang all run through the corresponding lateral wall of slider and extend to the spout in, the dwang is located the equal fixedly connected with gear in both ends of spout, two correspond rack of equal fixedly connected with in the position of gear in the spout, be located two fixed the cup joint has a broken stick of earthing on the dwang between the slider.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, the driving mechanism comprises two lead screws, the two lead screws are respectively connected between the opposite groove walls of the two chutes in a rotating way through a second bearing, the threads of the two lead screws are symmetrically arranged, one end of each of the two lead screws penetrates through the corresponding box wall of the screening box and extends out of the screening box, a first bevel gear is fixedly connected on the end rod wall of the two lead screws outside the screening box, a double-head driving motor is fixedly connected on the outer box wall of the screening box at the middle position of the two first bevel gears, two output ends of the double-head driving motor are fixedly connected with a second bevel gear through a coupler, the two first bevel gears are respectively meshed with the corresponding second bevel gears, and a lead screw nut is connected on the rod wall of the two lead screws in the chutes in a threaded way, and the two lead screw nuts are fixedly sleeved on the two sliding blocks respectively.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, two place the mechanism and all include a standing groove and one and place the hole, two the standing groove is the form of running parallel and sets up on one of them one side inner tank wall of screening case, two place the hole and run through set up in one side of screening case keeping away from the standing groove and compare, two place the hole and all through placing a mounting panel, two with the standing groove that corresponds the wherein one end of mounting panel all runs through corresponding place the hole and extend to outside the screening case, two the mounting panel is located the equal fixedly connected with baffle of the outer one end of screening case, two equal fixedly connected with a first in command on the lateral wall that the mounting panel was kept away from to the baffle, two the lower surface that the mounting panel is located the screening incasement all is two dogs of form fixedly connected with.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, screening mechanism includes a screening net and a plurality of root rhombus post, screening net fixed mounting is on a mounting panel near the below position, a plurality of the rhombus post is the fixed mounting of even equidistance and is being close to a mounting panel upper surface of below position, the inside bottom of the case fixed mounting of screening case has the oscillator, the output of oscillator offsets with a mounting panel lower surface near the below position.
As a preferred technical scheme of the utility model, receiving mechanism includes a through-hole, the through-hole runs through to be seted up on the tank wall that screening case is close to the lower extreme position, sliding connection has one in the through-hole to be the upper end opening setting and connects the workbin, connect the wherein one end of workbin to run through the corresponding opening of through-hole and extend to the screening incasement, the other end that connects the workbin runs through the corresponding opening of through-hole and extends to the screening incasement outside and a fixedly connected with second handle.
As an optimal technical scheme of the utility model, screening case corresponds and is located the interior tank wall in the hole of placing of top position on fixedly connected with a scrubbing brush.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, the stick that breaks ground can break into a plurality of little solid with big piece soil solid, then hit the breakage with little solid particle through the rhombus post on the mounting panel below, can not smash hard materials such as shell, stone, guaranteed to the utmost that the powder that dress soil box collected all is soil powder; more soil samples can be processed simultaneously, and the experimental efficiency is improved; the required power of the motor is not high, so that the potential safety hazard is reduced; the generated noise is low, and the noise pollution is reduced; the processed soil can directly pass through a screening net with a specified mesh number, manual secondary screening processing is not needed in the future, and the workload of scientific researchers is reduced.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention, and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the present invention.
In the figure:
1. screening the box;
2. moving the crushing mechanism; 21. a chute; 22. a slider; 23. rotating the rod; 24. a gear; 25. a rack; 26. a ground breaking rod;
3. a drive mechanism; 31. a screw rod; 32. a first bevel gear; 33. a double-headed drive motor; 34. a second bevel gear; 35. a feed screw nut;
4. a placement mechanism; 41. a placement groove; 42. placing holes; 43. mounting a plate; 44. a baffle plate; 45. a first handle; 46. a stopper;
5. a screening mechanism; 51. screening the net; 52. a diamond-shaped column; 53. an oscillator;
6. a material receiving mechanism; 61. a through hole; 62. a material receiving box; 63. a second handle;
7. a bristle brush.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are presented herein only to illustrate and explain the present invention, and not to limit the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-2, the utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, including a screening case 1 that is the setting of upper end opening, the upper end opening part of screening case 1 is provided with one and removes crushing mechanism 2, is provided with a actuating mechanism 3 on the inside correspondence of screening case 1 removes the position of crushing mechanism 2, and screening case 1 inside that is located to remove 2 below positions of crushing mechanism has set gradually two and has placed mechanism 4, is provided with a screening mechanism 5 on the mechanism 4 that is located the below position, and screening case 1 inside that is located the 5 below positions of screening mechanism is provided with a receiving mechanism 6.
Wherein, remove crushing mechanism 2 and include two spout 21 that are the symmetry form and set up, two spout 21 are the symmetry form and offer on screening case 1 is close to the relative inner tank wall of upper end opening part, equal sliding connection has a slider 22 in two spout 21, wherein one end of two sliders 22 all runs through the notch that corresponds spout 21 and extends to screening case 1 in, two sliders 22 are located and rotate through first bearing between the relative lateral wall in screening case 1 and are connected with a dwang 23, the both ends of dwang 23 all run through the corresponding lateral wall of slider 22 and extend to in the spout 21, dwang 23 is located equal fixedly connected with gear 24 in both ends of spout 21, correspond rack 25 of equal fixedly connected with in the position of gear 24 in two spout 21, the fixed cover has been cup jointed a broken soil stick 26 on the dwang 23 that is located between two sliders 22.
Wherein, actuating mechanism 3 includes two lead screws 31, two lead screws 31 rotate to be connected between the relative cell wall of two spouts 21 through the second bearing respectively, the screw thread of two lead screws 31 is the symmetry form setting, wherein one end of two lead screws 31 all runs through the corresponding tank wall of screening case 1 and extends to outside the screening case 1, two lead screws 31 are located equal fixedly connected with a first bevel gear 32 on the one end pole wall outside the screening case 1, be located two first bevel gear 32 intermediate positions screening case 1 outer tank wall on fixedly connected with a double-end driving motor 33, two output ends of double-end driving motor 33 all pass through a second bevel gear 34 of shaft coupling fixedly connected with, two first bevel gears 32 mesh with corresponding second bevel gear 34 respectively, two lead screws 31 are located all threaded connection on the pole wall in spout 21 has a lead screw nut 35, two lead screw nuts 35 fix the cup joint respectively on two sliders 22.
Wherein, two placing mechanism 4 all include a standing groove 41 and a placing hole 42, two standing grooves 41 are the form of parallelism and set up on one of them inner tank wall of screening case 1, two placing holes 42 are the form of parallelism and run through set up on one side of screening case 1 keeping away from standing groove 41 and compare, two placing holes 42 all compare through placing a mounting panel 43 with the standing groove 41 that corresponds, one of them one end of two mounting panels 43 all runs through corresponding placing hole 42 and extends to outside screening case 1, two equal fixedly connected with baffle 44 of one end that mounting panel 43 is located screening case 1, two equal fixedly connected with a first in command 45 on the lateral wall of mounting panel 43 is kept away from to two baffle 44, two equal parallel fixedly connected with two blocks 46 of lower surface that mounting panel 43 is located screening case 1.
Wherein, screening mechanism 5 includes a screening net 51 and a plurality of rhombus post 52, and screening net 51 fixed mounting is on being close to a mounting panel 43 of below position, and a plurality of rhombus post 52 are even equidistant fixed mounting and are being close to a mounting panel 43 upper surface of below position, and the inside bottom of the case fixed mounting of screening case 1 has oscillator 53, and oscillator 53's output offsets with a mounting panel 43 lower surface that is close to below position.
Wherein, receiving mechanism 6 includes a through-hole 61, and through-hole 61 runs through to be seted up on screening case 1 is close to the tank wall of lower extreme position, and sliding connection has one in through-hole 61 to be the upper end opening and sets up and connect workbin 62, connects wherein one end of workbin 62 to run through the corresponding opening of through-hole 61 and extend to in screening case 1, and the other end that connects workbin 62 runs through the corresponding opening of through-hole 61 and extends to screening case 1 outer and a fixedly connected with second handle 63.
Wherein, the inner box wall of the placing hole 42 corresponding to the upper position of the screening box 1 is fixedly connected with a bristle brush 7.
Specifically, the utility model relates to a soil sieve filter, when using, at first according to the soil that needs to handle selects the mounting panel 43 that screening net 51 mesh number is different, then insert two mounting panels 43 in different placing hole 42 and standing groove 41, at this moment mounting panel 43 is pushed down at its own weight, make dog 46 offset with the inner tank wall of screening case 1 and carry out the spacing to mounting panel 43, prevent that mounting panel 43 from breaking away from screening case 1 at will, then pour the soil that has impurity into screening case 1 and fall on the mounting panel 43 of upper position, at this moment restart double-end driving motor 33, double-end driving motor 33 drives two lead screws 31 through the cooperation of first bevel gear 32 and second bevel gear 34 and rotates, because the screw thread of two lead screws 31 is the symmetry setting, make two lead screws 31 can do the synchronous equidirectional motion through the slider 22 of cooperation with nut 35 drive two blocks of lead screw 31, the slide block 22 drives the rotating rod 23 and the soil breaking rod 26 to move, and simultaneously, because the two gears 24 are respectively meshed with the two racks 25, the rotating rod 23 and the soil breaking rod 26 can be driven to rotate, the soil breaking rod 26 can rotate to break soil while moving, after the breaking is finished, the double-head driving motor 33 is stopped, the mounting plate 43 positioned at the upper position is drawn out of the screening box 1, at the moment, the soil on the mounting plate 43 is pushed out of the upper surface of the mounting plate 43 under the action of the hard brush 7 and falls on the upper surface of the mounting plate 43 positioned at the lower position, at the moment, the oscillator 53 is started again to drive the mounting plate 43 positioned at the lower position to vibrate, the mounting plate 43 positioned at the lower position drives the rhombic column 52 at the upper surface to crash small solid particles, and hard substances such as shells, stones and the like cannot be crushed, and the crushed vibrating particles of the soil are screened by the screening net 51 and then fall into the material receiving box 62, after screening is completed, the mounting plate 43 and the material receiving box 62 at the lower position can be pulled out, and screened soil and sundries are respectively treated, so that the whole operation process is simple and convenient.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments described in the foregoing embodiments, or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a soil sieve filter, its characterized in that is screening case (1) that upper end opening set up including one, the upper end opening part of screening case (1) is provided with one and removes broken mechanism (2), the inside of screening case (1) is provided with one actuating mechanism (3) on corresponding the position of removing broken mechanism (2), is located screening case (1) of removing broken mechanism (2) below position is inside to have set gradually two receiving mechanism (4), is located the below position be provided with one screening mechanism (5) on receiving mechanism (4), be located screening mechanism (5) below position screening case (1) inside is provided with one receiving mechanism (6).
2. A soil screen filter according to claim 1, characterized in that, the mobile crushing mechanism (2) comprises two sliding chutes (21) which are symmetrically arranged, two sliding chutes (21) are symmetrically arranged on the relative inner box wall of the screening box (1) near the upper opening, two sliding chutes (21) are internally and respectively connected with a sliding block (22) in a sliding way, one end of each sliding block (22) penetrates through the notch of the corresponding sliding chute (21) and extends into the screening box (1), two sliding blocks (22) are positioned between the opposite side walls of the screening box (1) and are rotatably connected with a rotating rod (23) through a first bearing, two ends of the rotating rod (23) penetrate through the corresponding side walls of the sliding blocks (22) and extend into the sliding chutes (21), two ends of the rotating rod (23) positioned in the sliding chutes (21) are respectively and fixedly connected with a gear (24), two equal fixedly connected with rack (25) in the spout (21) on the position that corresponds gear (24), be located two fixed the cup jointing has a broken ground stick (26) on dwang (23) between slider (22).
3. The soil screen filter according to claim 1, wherein the driving mechanism (3) comprises two lead screws (31), the two lead screws (31) are respectively rotatably connected between the opposite groove walls of the two chutes (21) through second bearings, the threads of the two lead screws (31) are symmetrically arranged, one end of each of the two lead screws (31) penetrates through the corresponding wall of the screening box (1) and extends out of the screening box (1), one end of each of the two lead screws (31) located outside the screening box (1) is fixedly connected with a first bevel gear (32), the outer wall of the screening box (1) located in the middle of the two first bevel gears (32) is fixedly connected with a double-head driving motor (33), two output ends of the double-head driving motor (33) are fixedly connected with a second bevel gear (34) through a coupler, the two first bevel gears (32) are respectively meshed with the corresponding second bevel gears (34), the rod walls of the two screw rods (31) in the sliding grooves (21) are respectively in threaded connection with a screw rod nut (35), and the two screw rod nuts (35) are respectively fixedly sleeved on the two sliding blocks (22).
4. A soil screen filter as claimed in claim 1, wherein both placement mechanisms (4) comprise a placement groove (41) and a placement hole (42), both placement grooves (41) are arranged on one inner wall of the screening box (1) in parallel, both placement holes (42) are arranged on one side of the screening box (1) far away from the placement groove (41) in parallel, both placement holes (42) and the corresponding placement grooves (41) are arranged with a mounting plate (43), one end of each mounting plate (43) penetrates through the corresponding placement hole (42) and extends out of the screening box (1), one end of each mounting plate (43) located outside the screening box (1) is fixedly connected with a baffle (44), and a side wall of each mounting plate (44) far away from the mounting plate (43) is fixedly connected with a first handle (45), two lower surfaces of the mounting plates (43) in the screening box (1) are fixedly connected with two parallel check blocks (46).
5. A soil screen filter as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the screening means (5) comprises a screening net (51) and a plurality of diamond-shaped columns (52), the screening net (51) being fixedly mounted on a mounting plate (43) near the lower position, the plurality of diamond-shaped columns (52) being uniformly and equidistantly fixedly mounted on the upper surface of a mounting plate (43) near the lower position, the internal box bottom of the screening box (1) being fixedly mounted with an oscillator (53), the output of the oscillator (53) abutting against the lower surface of a mounting plate (43) near the lower position.
6. A soil screen filter as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the receiving means (6) comprises a through hole (61), the through hole (61) is provided through the wall of the screening box (1) near the lower end position, a receiving box (62) with an open upper end is slidably connected in the through hole (61), one end of the receiving box (62) is provided through the corresponding opening of the through hole (61) and extends into the screening box (1), and the other end of the receiving box (62) is provided through the corresponding opening of the through hole (61) and extends out of the screening box (1) and is fixedly connected with a second handle (63).
7. A soil screen filter as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that a bristle brush (7) is fixedly attached to the inner wall of the screening box (1) in correspondence with the upper location of the placement aperture (42).
CN201921068102.1U 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Soil screen filter Active CN210207124U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921068102.1U CN210207124U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Soil screen filter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921068102.1U CN210207124U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Soil screen filter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210207124U true CN210207124U (en) 2020-03-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921068102.1U Active CN210207124U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Soil screen filter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210207124U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111715848A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-29 薛皓元 3D prints powder granule and paves device
CN111730985A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-10-02 耿真言 Printed electronic ink-jet printer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111715848A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-29 薛皓元 3D prints powder granule and paves device
CN111730985A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-10-02 耿真言 Printed electronic ink-jet printer

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