CN210200128U - A light space operation appearance for building creation - Google Patents

A light space operation appearance for building creation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210200128U
CN210200128U CN201920715889.XU CN201920715889U CN210200128U CN 210200128 U CN210200128 U CN 210200128U CN 201920715889 U CN201920715889 U CN 201920715889U CN 210200128 U CN210200128 U CN 210200128U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
sunlight
light
lamp
support frame
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201920715889.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Xiaoqing Bian
边小庆
Di Qiu
邱迪
Min Xu
许敏
Zhixin Guo
国植馨
Wei Song
宋威
Fangjing Chen
陈芳精
Che Li
李澈
Jinglin Liu
刘静霖
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Glorious Wisdom Tianjin Engineering Design Co ltd
RENAI COLLEGE OF TIANJIN UNIVERSITY
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Glorious Wisdom Tianjin Engineering Design Co ltd
RENAI COLLEGE OF TIANJIN UNIVERSITY
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Priority to CN201920715889.XU priority Critical patent/CN210200128U/en
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Publication of CN210200128U publication Critical patent/CN210200128U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a light space operation appearance for building creation, including operation appearance body, track, sunlight simulator, displacement measurement device, image acquisition device and angle measuring device, on the operation appearance body was located to the track rotation, sunlight simulator located on the track, sunlight simulator can be along rail motion, and displacement measurement device all locates the upper portion of operation appearance body with image acquisition device, and angle measuring device locates on the lateral wall of operation appearance body. The beneficial effects of the utility model are that the mobilizable setting of sunlight analogue means is on the track, and the track can carry out 0-180 and swing, adopt this kind of setting mode, can accurately simulate the trajectory of penetrating the sunlight directly, the sunlight simulator setting in this light space operation appearance can be adjusted the angle of illumination wantonly in 180, the direction of illumination of convenient accurate simulation sunlight to select the pointolite to shine the angle through adjustment light, convert the parallel light into and simulate throwing of sunlight, mould the sunlight of approximate people living in the environment and throw the sight.

Description

A light space operation appearance for building creation
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of space simulation equipment, especially, relate to a light space operation appearance for building creation.
Background
In building and related creation, design of natural lighting is an important part, analysis software for natural lighting of buildings tends to be mature, but tools capable of assisting light environment design in building creation are few and incomplete, and are difficult to perform in a general creation environment, so that equipment is needed to complete, and at present, no practical and effective equipment is available for combining design of natural lighting of buildings. The teaching training in natural lighting in building and related teaching can be perfected, and the analysis of natural lighting in design creation by architects and other designers can be assisted so as to promote the development of building and related design.
The light box made by the central art institute is applied to experiments of combination of light and materials, holes and the like, is limited to final results, and is static results and dynamic expression of unnatural light. The natural light simulator of the university is used for the ultra-precision test of the finished model, and does not focus on the visual derivation application of light and space and the application of related design in the building creation process.
In contrast to software, software is only a tool that assists in detection and is not a tool that architects use to design. Because the architect needs to manually follow the heart during the creation process, the designs are finished with the sense of touch instead of the simple computer software. Through the instrument, the abundant changes of light which is abstract and hidden under the drawing are visualized, and an architect can be helped to carry out effective analysis on the visual basis, so that an ideal building creation result is achieved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of the above problem, the to-be-solved problem of the utility model is to provide a light space operation appearance for building creation, especially be fit for supplementary light space design and light environment simulation, can accurate simulation sun motion path orbit, acquire static or dynamic building model image under the simulation environment, the teaching research of space cognition and light environment simulation in the effective supplementary architectural design.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme is: the utility model provides a light space operation appearance for building creation, includes operation appearance body, track, sunlight simulator, displacement measurement device, image acquisition device and angle measurement device, and on the operation appearance body was located in the track rotation, the sunlight simulator was located on the track, and the sunlight simulator can move along the track, and displacement measurement device and image acquisition device all locate the upper portion of operation appearance body, and angle measurement device locates on the lateral wall of operation appearance body.
Specifically, the sunlight simulator comprises a lamp assembly, a lamp fixture and a lamp moving device, wherein one end of the lamp fixture is connected with the lamp moving device, the other end of the lamp fixture is connected with the lamp assembly, the lamp moving device is arranged on a rail, and the lamp moving device can move along the rail.
Furthermore, the two ends of the track are respectively connected with a connecting shaft of the operation instrument body, and the connecting shaft is connected with the track swinging device through a synchronous belt.
Furthermore, the track is an arc track, time scales are arranged on the side face of the track, and the time scales are 0-24 points which are uniformly distributed.
Further, the track is semicircular.
Specifically, the operation appearance body includes support frame and operation platform, and on the support frame was located to the operation platform, the operation bench was equipped with the model and places the district, and the model is placed the district upper surface and is equipped with proportional coordinate net.
Furthermore, the angle measuring device is vertically arranged on the periphery of the model placing area, the angle measuring device is a scale plate, and the number of the scale plate is multiple.
Specifically, image acquisition device includes image collector support frame and image collector, and the one end and the image collector of image collector support frame are connected, and the image collector support frame other end passes through image collector anchor clamps and is connected with the support frame.
Furthermore, the number of the image collectors is multiple, and the plurality of image collectors are arranged on the supporting frame.
Further, the optical space manipulator further comprises a controller, the controller is electrically connected with the lamp moving device and the track swinging device respectively, and preferably, the lamp moving device and the track swinging device are both stepping motors.
The utility model has the advantages and positive effects that:
1. by adopting the technical scheme, the sunlight simulator can be movably arranged on the track, and the track can swing at 0-180 degrees, so that the movement track of direct sunlight can be accurately simulated, and the sunlight simulator in the optical space manipulator can be arranged to randomly adjust the irradiation angle within 180 degrees due to the inclination angle relationship between the ecliptic plane and the ecliptic plane of the path of the sun in the celestial sphere, so that the irradiation direction of the sunlight can be conveniently and accurately simulated, and a point light source is selected to convert the light into parallel light to simulate the projection of the sunlight by adjusting the light irradiation angle, so that the sunlight projection scene similar to the living environment of people is modeled;
2. the guide rail mode is divided into three modes of a rail guide mode, a handheld propulsion mode and a fixed point setting mode by utilizing the characteristic of visual body observation transfer so as to set human visual body observation modes simulating different visual heights, and the optical space manipulator is internally provided with a guide rail capable of rotating by 180 degrees and an image acquisition device capable of randomly adjusting angles and positions on the rail so as to control the image acquisition of different visual heights higher than a visual angle;
3. the guide rail capable of rotating 180 degrees and the image collector capable of randomly adjusting the angle and the position on the rail are utilized to realize the static image and dynamic image collection function of the system, and the collection and the production of the picture and the image of the simulated view can be carried out at any time;
4. the optical space manipulator is provided with an experimental platform capable of operating a building design research scale model, is convenient to operate, has small calculated amount, and is convenient for the requirement of experimental verification in optical space manufacturing and pushing;
5. in consideration of the portability of the experimental device, the optical space manipulator adopts a splicing mode, and the pulley is arranged below the experiment box main body, so that the optical space manipulator is convenient to store and easy to move;
6. the optical space manipulator can directly and timely input a simulation result into a computer for recording through data transmission, a researcher can directly adjust and correct a research model by means of an input image, the projection equipment can also be used for directly projecting an image onto a projection screen for auxiliary teaching in the process, and the effect of the optical space manipulator is favorable for the deep understanding of students on a building space and the scale control of the optical space;
7. the optical space manipulator combines perceptual intuition, aesthetic feeling and rational analysis, gives visual demonstration to abstract space cognition and image thinking, organically combines building technology experiments and building design creation, and is very favorable for design teaching and related analysis research.
8. The light space operation instrument is economical, convenient and sustainable in use, dynamic analysis of light and form is carried out in the creation process, because human eyes can only analyze the change of light and shadow from a limited angle and cannot effectively record, the light space operation instrument can carry out comprehensive analysis and can analyze the change of light and shadow from any angle.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of a rotary connection structure between the track and the operation platform according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of light reflection of a lamp source according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure:
1. lamp moving device 2, lamp assembly 3 and scale plate
4. Image collector support frame 5, operation platform 6, support frame
7. Angle measuring device 8, rail connecting piece 9 and guide rail
10. Time scale 11, image collector 12 and scale clamp
13. Lamp fixture 14, connecting shaft 15 and track swinging device
16. Second gear 17, first gear 18, third gear
19. Mounting case 20, gear
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 shows a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, specifically showing the structure of the embodiment, the embodiment relates to a light space manipulator for building creation, which can assist the building design creation to perform light space design and light environment simulation, simulate natural light, assist the creation process to record, and study the dynamic relationship between light and space in building creation; through verification of a large amount of creation data and methods, the dynamic effect of building shadow change in creation can be quickly experienced, and dynamic analysis can be efficiently performed to help architects visually judge shadow results.
The optical space manipulator can dynamically adjust the relation between the space and the light, is convenient to adjust, records the results of multiple tests by using a computer, is beneficial to the experiment and the feasibility of implementation, and ensures that the final result reaches a satisfactory degree; simultaneously, dynamic adjustment can observe from a plurality of angles to be not limited to some directions and go to observe the dynamic change that light and space produced the shadow, can go the relation of detailed thorough test light and building space and the influence of light to the building space from each angle to can gather detailed result, make things convenient for the researcher to carry out the research of the relation between light and the space among the architectural design process, and then carry out the building creation.
Specifically, the optical space manipulator for building creation comprises a manipulator body, a track 9, a sunlight simulator, a displacement measuring device 3, an image acquisition device and an angle measuring device 7, wherein the manipulator body plays a supporting role, so that the track 9, the displacement measuring device 3, the image acquisition device and the angle measuring device 7 can be conveniently installed; the track 9 is rotatably arranged on the operation instrument body and can swing left and right on the operation instrument body so as to simulate the movement of the sunlight simulator on the meridian; the sunlight simulator is slidably mounted on the rail 9 and can move back and forth along the rail 9 to simulate the movement of the sunlight simulator on a weft, the sunlight simulator simulates the sun and emits parallel light, the movement of the sunlight simulator and the swinging of the rail 9 are similar to the light source and the movement track of the sun in the daytime, the sunlight simulator is matched with the rail 9 to act to simulate the movement track of the sun in the daytime, so that the angle and the height of light rays irradiating the model are changed, the light shadow on the model is changed, and a researcher analyzes the light shadow change generated by the model by the sunlight simulator at different positions; the displacement measuring device 3 and the image acquisition device are both arranged at the upper part of the operation instrument body, and the displacement measuring device 3 is used for measuring the change of the light and shadow generated when the position of the sunlight simulator of the model is changed and observing the displacement of the model and the components thereof; the image acquisition device is used for collecting and recording data of the light and shadow of the model and the change of the light and shadow inside the model when the position of the sunlight simulator is changed, so that a researcher can conveniently analyze the light and shadow during building creation; the angle measuring device 7 is arranged on the side wall of the manipulator body and is used for measuring the swinging angle of the track 9 so as to ensure that the swinging angle of the track 9 is the same as the angle required to be set by a researcher.
This a light space operation appearance for building creation is used for simulating different illumination angles for the model produces different shadow effects, and then carries out research and analysis to this shadow, is convenient for going on of building creation. When the sunlight simulator is used, the model is placed on the operation instrument body, is positioned at the lower part of the track 9 and is positioned in the swinging range of the track 9, different light and shadow positions are generated on the model and in the model when the sunlight simulator irradiates the model by changing the swinging angle of the track 9 and the position of the sunlight simulator on the track, and the influence of different illumination angles on the lighting of a building can be fully considered by a researcher when building creation is carried out by analyzing the light and shadows at different positions, so that the researcher can conveniently carry out building creation; when different light and shadow positions are researched and analyzed, the angle measuring device 7 measures the light and shadow on the model and in the model, the relation between the illumination angle and the light and shadow positions is determined, the angle measuring device is used for determining the swinging angle of the guide rail 9, the positions of the sunlight simulator on the longitude and latitude lines are further determined, and the movement track of the sun in the daytime is convenient to simulate.
Specifically, the operation instrument body comprises a support frame 6 and an operation platform 5, wherein the operation platform 5 is installed on the support frame 6 through a connecting part such as a bolt, the operation instrument body can be horizontally placed on the ground, and universal wheels are installed at the bottom of the support frame 6, so that the operation instrument body can freely move, and the use of the optical space operation instrument is not limited by the use space and place; the supporting frame 6 can be composed of a plurality of upright columns and cross beams which are vertically connected with each other, preferably, the number of the upright columns is four, the four upright columns are vertically arranged and are parallel to each other, the cross beams which are vertically connected with each other are arranged on the four upright columns which are parallel to each other through bolts and the like, and a connecting plate is arranged between the two opposite upright columns, so that the installation of a track is facilitated, and other connection modes can be adopted and can be selected according to actual requirements; the heights of the four upright posts are the same, the operation table 5 is arranged on a plane formed by the four upright posts and the cross beams which are vertically connected with each other, so that the operation table 5 is horizontally arranged on the support frame 6, and the operation table 5 is parallel to the ground, so that the operation instrument can simulate the shape of a hemisphere of the earth, simulate the running track of the sun and observe the change of a model shadow; the support frame 6 can also be an ㄈ -shaped structure which is communicated up and down and is internally provided with a cavity, the number of the support frame 6 is two, an opening at one side is oppositely arranged at two sides of the operation platform 5, two parallel long edges of the operation platform 5 are respectively connected with the support frame 6, a gap is reserved between the support frame 6 and the operation platform 5, a guide rail 9 conveniently penetrates through the gap, and the guide rail 9 is inserted into the cavity of the support frame 6 and is arranged with the support frame 6. The support frame 6 may also be a structure having a lifting function, for example, may be formed of a lifting cylinder or a price-raising hydraulic cylinder, or may be another structure, and may be selected according to actual requirements.
The above-mentioned work table 5 is a flat plate-like structure, and a model placing area for placing models such as house models is provided on the work table 5, and the model placing area is located on the work table 5, preferably, the model placing area is located in the middle of the work table 5, so that the light and shadow on the model and inside the model can be observed conveniently.
The upper surface of the model placing area is provided with a bearing platform, a proportional coordinate grid is carved on the bearing platform, the proportion of the proportional coordinate grid is selected according to actual requirements, can be 1:50, can also be 1:100, and can also be other proportional coordinates, the proportional coordinate grid is used for measuring light and shadow displacement generated by the model on the bearing platform, the shape of the bearing platform is rectangular or square, can also be other shapes, and the bearing platform is not particularly limited and is selected according to actual requirements. Bearing platform passes through connecting pieces such as bolt and installs on operation platform 5, surface parallel with operation platform 5, also can bond through the viscose, can also be other connected modes, install scale plate anchor clamps 12 around bearing platform, install vertical scale plate 3 on scale plate anchor clamps 12, and vertical installation on scale plate anchor clamps 12 of vertical scale plate 3, then vertical scale plate 3 perpendicular to bearing platform, the scale coordinate net has been carved with on the vertical scale plate 3, a light shadow displacement for measuring the model produces on the side, scale plate anchor clamps 12 have the spout here, be convenient for vertical scale plate 3's installation and dismantlement. Preferably, here bearing platform's shape is square, vertical scale plate 3 is transparent scale plate, and vertical scale plate 3's quantity is four, two liang of mutually perpendicular install around bearing platform, then the space that bearing platform and four vertical transparent scale plates 3 constitute has formed the model and has placed the district, the model is placed at bearing platform's central point, be located the space that bearing platform and turbine scale plate 3 constitute, the model produces the light shadow on bearing platform and vertical transparent scale plate under the shining of the light of sunlight simulator, be convenient for measure the displacement of the light shadow on the model, the setting of transparent scale plate is convenient for researcher's observation.
In a further preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 2, the work table 5 is preferably square, rails 9 are installed in the longitudinal direction of the work table 5, two ends of each rail 9 are rotatably connected with the support frames 6 at two longitudinal side ends of the work table 5, so that the rails 9 can swing by 0-180 °, and when the rails 9 are at 0 ° or 180 °, the rails 9 are parallel to the work table 5, that is, the work table 5 simulates the equatorial plane of the earth, and the rails 9 simulate a meridian line on the hemisphere of the earth, and form the shape of the hemisphere of the earth through the swing of the rails 9. Here, the diameter of track 9 is the same with the longitudinal length of operation panel 5, it rotates along operation panel longitudinal axis to be convenient for track 9, track 9 passes through the connecting piece to be connected with support frame 6 of the vertical both sides of operation panel 5, the connecting piece is installed on the connecting plate of support frame 6, install the bearing frame on the connecting piece, fixed mounting has the bearing on the bearing frame, be equipped with connecting axle 14 along the diametric (al) of track 9 between the tip at the both ends of track 9, and the both ends of this connecting axle 14 extend the both ends of track 9, the both ends of this connecting axle 14 are installed respectively on fixing bearing, make this connecting axle 14 can rotate under the effect of bearing, and then make the track can swing, simulate the warp position of different angles. The connecting shaft 14 is provided with a gear, the gear is connected with a gear on an output shaft of the track swinging device 15 through a synchronous belt, the track swinging device 15 can be a motor, a motor or other power rotating devices, and is selected according to actual requirements, preferably, the track swinging device 15 is a stepping motor, and the stepping motor and the connecting shaft 14 can also be driven through a gear set, can also be connected through chain transmission, or can be selected according to actual requirements through belt transmission. The main shaft of the motor rotates, and the synchronous belt drives the gear on the connecting shaft 14 to rotate, so as to drive the connecting shaft to rotate, and further enable the track 9 to swing left and right.
Since the optical space manipulator for building creation is used for simulating the movement track of the sun on the earth in the daytime, the shape of the track 9 is preferably semicircular, and the time scale 10 is arranged on the side surface of the track, wherein the time scale 10 is a time scale of 0-24 points at different moments, namely the time scale 10 has 24 points and is uniformly arranged on the side surface of the track 9 to simulate different time points of a day. In addition, an angle measuring device 7 is installed on the side wall of the supporting frame 6 of the operation instrument body, the angle measuring device 7 is used for measuring the swing angle of the track 9, the rotation angle of the track 9 can be clearly known through the angle measuring device 7, the angle measuring device 7 can be an angle scale plate, a compass or other angle measuring devices, and preferably, the angle measuring device 7 is a compass and is convenient to install on the supporting frame 6. Here, the installation position of the compass corresponds to the track 9 and is fixed at the end point of the connecting shaft 14, the center line of the compass coincides with the axis of the connecting shaft of the track 9, that is, the plane of the track 9 is perpendicular to the plane of the compass, when the track 9 is at 90 °, the track 9 coincides with the 90 ° line of the compass on the plane of the compass, which facilitates the measurement of the swing angle of the compass on the track 9.
As shown in fig. 3, a sunlight simulator is mounted on the rail 9, the sunlight simulator includes a lamp assembly 2, a lamp clamp 13 and a lamp moving device 1, one end of the lamp clamp 13 is connected to the lamp clamp 13, the other end of the lamp clamp 13 is connected to the lamp assembly 2, the lamp moving device 1 is disposed on the rail 9, and the lamp moving device 1 is connected to the lamp clamp 13. The lamp assembly 2 is connected with the lamp moving device 1 through the lamp clamp 13, the lamp moving device 1 moves on the rail 9, and then the lamp assembly 2 is driven to move on the rail 9, so that illumination of the lamp assembly 2 at different times of a day is simulated.
The lamp moving device comprises a mounting shell 19, a power driving device and a transmission device, wherein the mounting shell 19 is fixedly connected with the lamp fixture 13, the power driving device is fixedly mounted on the mounting shell 19 and is connected with the transmission device, concretely, the power driving device can be a motor, a motor or other moving devices, according to practical selection, the power driving device is preferably a stepping motor, the stepping motor is fixed on the mounting shell 19, an output shaft of the stepping motor is provided with a driving gear, the mounting shell is provided with a transmission shaft below the stepping motor, the transmission shaft is connected with the mounting shell 19 through a bearing so as to enable the transmission shaft to rotate, the transmission shaft is provided with a driven gear and a gear 20 meshed with a track, the driving gear is connected with the driven gear through a synchronous belt and passes through the stepping motor, drive driven gear and rotate, and then make and rotate with track engaged with gear 20, all be equipped with the tooth at the medial surface and the lateral surface of track 9 for gear 20 and track 9 engaged with the track, through the rotation with track engaged with gear 20, walk on track 9, and then drive whole lamps and lanterns mobile device 1 and remove, and then realize the removal of lamps and lanterns subassembly 2, simulate the illumination of unnecessary moment. In order to make the lamp moving device 1 move stably, a rotating shaft is installed on the installation shell 19, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the installation shell 19 through a bearing, the rotating shaft can rotate freely, a first gear 17 is installed on the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft and the transmission shaft are positioned on the same plane and are arranged in parallel, the first gear 17 is meshed with teeth of the track 9, and when the gear 20 meshed with the track moves on the track 9 through rotation, the first gear 17 rotates and moves on the track 9; the lamp fixture 13 comprises a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a third connecting rod and a cross rod, wherein the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are respectively fixedly connected with two ends of the cross rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are respectively and vertically arranged with the cross rod, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are arranged in parallel, one end of the first connecting rod is connected with a transmission shaft, one end of the second connecting rod is connected with a rotating shaft, the other end of the first connecting rod is connected with the first transmission shaft, the other end of the second connecting rod is connected with a second rotating shaft, a second gear 16 is arranged on the first transmission shaft, a third gear 18 is arranged on the second rotating shaft, the second gear 16 and the third gear 18 are both meshed with a track 9, the second gear 16 rotates relative to the first transmission shaft, the third gear 18 rotates relative to the first rotating shaft, the second gear 16 and the third gear 18 are both positioned on the inner side surface of the track, the second gear 16 corresponds to the gear 20, the gear 20 is located on the outer side surface of the track 9, the third gear 18 corresponds to the first gear 17, the first gear 17 is located on the outer side surface of the track 9, that is, the track 9 is located between the first gear 17 and the third gear 18, and meanwhile, the track 9 is located between the gear 20 and the second gear 16, and the first gear 17, the second gear 16 and the third gear 18 are driven to rotate through the rotation of the gear 20, so that the whole lamp moving device 1 moves on the track 9; one end of the third connecting rod is vertically connected with the cross rod, and the other end of the third connecting rod is connected with the lamp component 2, so that the lamp component 2 moves along with the movement of the lamp moving device 1. The lamp moving device 1 moves on the rail 9 through the meshing of the gear and the rail 9, so that the lamp clamp 13 moves on the rail 9, the lamp component 2 moves on the rail, and different heights of the lamp component 2 on the rail 9 are achieved.
The optical space manipulator for building creation also comprises a controller which is respectively and electrically connected with the lamp moving device 1 and the track swinging device 15, namely the controller is respectively and electrically connected with the stepping motor of the lamp moving device 1 and the stepping motor of the track swinging device 15, wherein the controller is a PLC controller, an edited program is preset in the PLC controller to control the actions of the two stepping motors, the PLC controller is connected with a computer, program software of an observation model is arranged in the computer, the PLC controller controls the two stepping motors to rotate by inputting the swinging angle of the track swinging device 15 and the moving distance of the lamp moving device 1 at the computer end, so that the movement of the lamp assembly 2 and the swinging of the track 9 meet the requirements of researchers, the actions of the two stepping motors are controlled by setting the program of the PLC controller, and the stepping motors of the lamp moving device 1 move according to the time scales on the track, the distance of each movement is a time scale, a stepping motor of the track swinging device moves according to the required swinging angle, and the swinging angle of the track 9 can be adjusted, so that the observation of the light and shadow on the model under different illumination angles is realized. In addition, the single chip microcomputer can be controlled through a serial port, the single chip microcomputer controls the motor to move in a pulse mode, and the effect of controlling an instrument through a computer is achieved. The intelligent operation of the sunlight simulator and the guide rail is realized, and the relative movement of the sunlight simulator and the guide rail is realized by utilizing a computer to control a motor.
The lamp component 2 is an incandescent lamp, a point light source is reflected into a parallel light source through a lampshade, or other light sources capable of emitting parallel light can be adopted, and the selection is carried out according to actual requirements.
Foretell image acquisition device includes image collector support frame 4 and image collector 11, and the one end and the image collector 11 of image collector support frame 4 are connected, and the other end of image collector support frame 4 passes through image collector anchor clamps and is connected with support frame 6. This image collector anchor clamps are the clip, with 4 fixed mounting of image collector support frame on the support frame 6 of operation appearance body, and this image collector support frame 4 is the bending tube, can change shape and position wantonly, be convenient for place the position that needs the observation with influencing collector 11, here image collector 11 is the camera, this camera and computer electricity are connected, the light and shadow data transmission to the computer on the model that will observe often, the researcher of being convenient for analyzes and stores data. The image collected by the camera in the image collector can be displayed on a computer through Microsoft Visual Studio software, so that the real-time observation is facilitated.
Furthermore, the number of the image collectors 11 is multiple, the number of the image collector support frames 4 is multiple, each image collector 11 is installed on one image collector support frame 4, and the image collectors 11 are uniformly distributed around the model, so that the light and shadow on the model and in the model can be observed at each angle.
The working process of the embodiment: when the light space manipulator for building creation is used, a researcher places a model in a model placement area, sets the moving distance of a stepping motor of the lamp moving device 1, sets the rotating angle of the stepping motor of the track swinging device 15, the image collector 11 transmits observed light and shadow data on the model and in the model to a computer, the researcher changes the moving distance and the rotating angle of the two stepping motors for many times, observes the light and shadow data on the model and in the model for many times, the image collector 11 observes the light and shadow data of the sunlight simulator at different moments and different heights on the model and in the model at all times and transmits the light and shadow data to the computer at all times, and the researcher can conveniently analyze and research the effect of the light and shadow of the model on the light and shadow of the model.
The utility model has the advantages and positive effects that: by adopting the technical scheme, the sunlight simulator can be movably arranged on the track, and the track can swing at 0-180 degrees, so that the movement track of direct sunlight can be accurately simulated, and the sunlight simulator in the optical space manipulator can be arranged to randomly adjust the irradiation angle within 180 degrees due to the inclination angle relationship between the ecliptic plane and the ecliptic plane of the path of the sun in the celestial sphere, so that the irradiation direction of the sunlight can be conveniently and accurately simulated, and a point light source is selected to convert the light into parallel light to simulate the projection of the sunlight by adjusting the light irradiation angle, so that the sunlight projection scene similar to the living environment of people is modeled; the guide rail mode is divided into three modes of a rail guide mode, a handheld propulsion mode and a fixed point setting mode by utilizing the characteristic of visual body observation transfer so as to set human visual body observation modes simulating different visual heights, and the optical space manipulator is internally provided with a guide rail capable of rotating by 180 degrees and an image acquisition device capable of randomly adjusting angles and positions on the rail so as to control the image acquisition of different visual heights higher than a visual angle; the guide rail capable of rotating 180 degrees and the image collector capable of randomly adjusting the angle and the position on the rail are utilized to realize the static image and dynamic image collection function of the system, and the collection and the production of the picture and the image of the simulated view can be carried out at any time; the optical space manipulator is provided with an experimental platform capable of operating a building design research scale model, is convenient to operate, has small calculated amount, and is convenient for the requirement of experimental verification in optical space manufacturing and pushing; in consideration of the portability of the experimental device, the optical space manipulator adopts a splicing mode, and the pulley is arranged below the experiment box main body, so that the optical space manipulator is convenient to store and easy to move; the optical space manipulator can directly and timely input a simulation result into a computer for recording through data transmission, a researcher can directly adjust and correct a research model by means of an input image, the projection equipment can also be used for directly projecting an image onto a projection screen for auxiliary teaching in the process, and the effect of the optical space manipulator is favorable for the deep understanding of students on a building space and the scale control of the optical space; the optical space manipulator combines perceptual intuition and aesthetic with rational analysis, gives visual demonstration to abstract space cognition and image thinking, organically combines building technology experiment and building design creation, and is very beneficial to design teaching and related analysis research; the light space operation instrument is economical, convenient and sustainable in use, dynamic analysis of light and form is carried out in the creation process, because human eyes can only analyze the change of light and shadow from a limited angle and cannot effectively record, the light space operation instrument can carry out comprehensive analysis and can analyze the change of light and shadow from any angle.
While one embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, the description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be considered as limiting the scope of the present invention. All the equivalent changes and improvements made according to the application scope of the present invention should still fall within the patent coverage of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a light space operation appearance for building creation which characterized in that: the sunlight simulator comprises an operation instrument body, a rail, a sunlight simulator, a displacement measuring device, an image collecting device and an angle measuring device, wherein the rail is rotatably arranged on the operation instrument body, the sunlight simulator is arranged on the rail, the sunlight simulator can move along the rail, the displacement measuring device and the image collecting device are both arranged on the upper part of the operation instrument body, and the angle measuring device is arranged on the side wall of the operation instrument body.
2. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the sunlight simulator comprises a lamp assembly, a lamp clamp and a lamp moving device, wherein one end of the lamp clamp is connected with the lamp moving device, the other end of the lamp clamp is connected with the lamp assembly, the lamp moving device is arranged on the track, and the lamp moving device can move along the track.
3. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the two ends of the track are respectively connected with the connecting shaft of the operation instrument body, and the connecting shaft is connected with the track swinging device through the synchronous belt.
4. A light space manipulator for building creation as claimed in any one of claims 1-3 wherein: the track is an arc track, time scales are arranged on the side face of the track, and the time scales are 0-24 points which are uniformly distributed.
5. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the track is semicircular.
6. A light space manipulator for building creation as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, 5 wherein: the operation instrument body comprises a support frame and an operation platform, the operation platform is arranged on the support frame, a model placing area is arranged on the operation platform, and a proportional coordinate grid is arranged on the upper surface of the model placing area.
7. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the angle measuring device is vertically arranged on the periphery of the model placing area, the angle measuring device is a scale plate, and the number of the scale plate is multiple.
8. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the image acquisition device comprises an image acquisition device support frame and an image acquisition device, one end of the image acquisition device support frame is connected with the image acquisition device, and the other end of the image acquisition device support frame is connected with the support frame through an image acquisition device clamp.
9. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the quantity of image collector is a plurality of, and is a plurality of the image collector all locates on the support frame.
10. The optical space manipulator for building creation as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the light space manipulator further comprises a controller, the controller is electrically connected with the lamp moving device and the track swinging device respectively, and preferably, the lamp moving device and the track swinging device are stepping motors.
CN201920715889.XU 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 A light space operation appearance for building creation Expired - Fee Related CN210200128U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113685756A (en) * 2021-08-23 2021-11-23 河南理工大学 Indoor environment design device based on indoor environment evaluation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113685756A (en) * 2021-08-23 2021-11-23 河南理工大学 Indoor environment design device based on indoor environment evaluation
CN113685756B (en) * 2021-08-23 2023-06-23 河南理工大学 Indoor environment design device based on indoor environment evaluation

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